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宾语从句专项(含讲解 练习题)(1)_免费下载.ppt

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1、宾语从句专项练习,运用宾语从句时注意的问题,1.引导词的选择,一般疑问句充当宾语从句,特殊疑问句充当宾语从句,疑问代词或疑问副词,2.语序 陈述句语序,3.时态,陈述句充当宾语从句,主句,一般现在时,一般过去时,从句,,按实际情况用相应时态,,过去的某种时态,4.当主句谓语动词为think,suppose, expect,believe 等时,其后的宾语从句为否定句时,常将否定词not从从句中移到主句中,构成否定转移,5.如果从句说的是客观现象或真理,无论主句是什么时态,从句都用一般现在时。,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,that,if/whether,1 将下列简单句合成复合句。,1.He。

2、 will come back in a week. I think,I think that he will come back in a week.,2.Who is he looking for Do you know,Do you know who he is looking for ,3.Why is the plane late I didnt know,I didnt know why the plane was late,4.He has already come back. He told me,He told me he had already come back,5.H。

3、ow can I get to the zoo Could you tell me,,Could you tell me how I can get to the zoo,6.Why didnt he come yesterday Can you tell me,Can you tell me why he didnt come yesterday,7.What are they doing He didnt tell me ,,He didnt tell me what they were doing.,8.When will we have a test The teacher didn。

4、t tell us,The teacher didnt tell us when we would have a test.,9.Where will the meeting be I asked him,I asked him where the meeting would be.,10.Whose watch is this Does anybody know,Does anybody know whose watch this is,11.Do you like English WeiFang asked me ,Wei Fang asked me if I liked Englis。

5、h.,12.Were you at home at nine yesterday The policeman wanted to know,The policeman wanted to know if you were at home at nine yesterday.,13.Has he come back from Guangzhou I asked my teacher,I asked my teacher if he had come back from Guanggou.,根据需要,人称要作相应的变化。,Lucy asked, “Could you do something f。

6、or me, Tom” Lucy asked Tom if he could do something for her. He said to me,“ What is your name” He asked me what my name was. Lucy said,“I am not good at it myself.” Lucy said that she was not good at it herself.,直接引语变间接引语的宾语从句,直接引语变间接引语与宾语从句的关系,1.陈述句变为引导的宾语从句,e.g. 1. He said, “You are younger than 。

7、I ”. 2. He says, “Tom is a good student ”.,He said that I was younger than him.,He says that Tom is a good student.,,,直接引语变间接引语与宾语从句的关系,3.一般疑问句引导的宾语从句,e.g. She said, “ Do you often come here to read newspaper ” “Will they go to visit the Great Wall” he asked.,She asked if whether I often came here t。

8、o read newspaper.,He asked if whether they would go to visit the Great Wall.,,,直接引语变间接引语与宾语从句的关系,e.g. 1. He asked, “Where do you live” 2. “How can we get to the post-office” he asked.,He asked where I lived.,He asked how they could get to the post-office.,,,将下列句子合并为一句 1. Where do they stop on the wa。

9、y I asked. 2. What will you speak at the meeting Could you tell me 3. Do they like to make friends with us He asked.,I asked where they stopped on the way.,Could you tell me what you will speak at the meeting,He asked if they liked to make friends with them.,4. “ I am doing my homework.” He said. 5.。

10、 “I will come back.” Tom said. 6. “Is he doing his homework” Jim asked.,He said that he was doing his homework.,Tom said that he would come back.,Jim asked if he was doing his homework.,7. “When will he come back” Tom asked. 8. “How can I get to the station” Could you tell me 9. “Why is the train la。

11、te” Would you tell me 10. “Where is Tom” They asked.,Tom asked when he would come back.,Could you tell me how I can get to the station,Would you tell me why the train is late,They asked where Tom was.,改错,1.I want to know that what it is.,I want to know what it is.,2.I cant understand that the teache。

12、r said.,I cant understand what the teacher said.,3.I dont know this is whose bike.,I dont know whose bike this is.,4.He asked me where was Mary.,5.Do you remember how much did you pay for the book,He asked me where Mary was .,Do you remember how much you paid for the book,6.She said that she will be。

13、 back soon.,She said that she would be back soon.,7.The teacher told us that light traveled much faster than sound.,The teacher told us that light travels much faster than sound.,8.Could you tell me if Miss Gao was in the office now,Could you tell me if Miss Gao is in the office now,9.I think you ar。

14、e not right.,I dont think you are right.,,1. I know that he ___________ join the League in 1985. 2. Could you tell me where he ___________mend his bike at that time 3. I see that they ___________ play football over there. 4. Tell me where he ___________ live. 5. I want to know how long you _________。

15、have this bike. 6. I hear that he ____________come tomorrow.,joined,was mending,are playing,lives,have had,will come,根据主句,在宾语从句中填入正确的动词时态,,7.I knew that he ___________join the League in 1999. 8. I wanted to know how you __________ get on with your classmates. 9. He told me that he______________have 。

16、this bike for three years. 10. I wondered if he ______________come tomorrow.,joined,got / were getting,had had,would come,11.Our teacher told us that light ________go faster than sound. 12. We all knew that the moon ________move round the sun. 13. It was true that there ________be twelve months in a。

17、 year.,goes,moves,are,,14.The radio says it _________ cloudy tomorrow. be 15.The headmaster hopes everything ______ well. go 16.Tom says that they ____________ play basketball at six oclock yesterday evening. 17.I hear they __________ return it already.,will be,goes,were playing,have returned,18.He 。

18、asked what they __________ at eight last night. do 19.He said that they _________ members of the Party since 1948. be 20.The teacher told his class that light _______ faster than sound. travel 21.I think you __________ about the relay race now. talk 22.I didnt know whom the letters _________ from. b。

19、e,had been,were doing,travels,are talking,were,23. I didnt know what time he _______ the letter. write 24. Miss Wang told me that the earth ______move round the earth. 25. Could you tell me who _________ away the book already take,wrote,moves,has taken,26. Ling Feng told me he _________ to several t。

20、imes. be 27. Our teacher told us in class the sun _______ in the east. rise 28. Can you tell me what they ______ yesterday do,has been,rises,did,翻译句子,1.史密斯先生说他明天出发去上海,Mr Smith says that,he will leave for Shanghai tomorrow.,2.我想汤姆已经完成作业了,I think that,Tom has finished his homework.,3.他们说他们去过北京两次了,They。

21、 said that,they had been to Beijing twice.,4.老师告诉我们明天有一个英语考试,The teacher told us that,we would have an English test the next day.,5.你知道比德通过考试了吗,Do you know,if Tom has passed the exam.,6.我想知道你明天有空吗,I want to know,if youll have time tomorrow.,7.玛丽想知道你能帮她吗,Tom wants to know,if you can help her.,8.妈妈不知道老师是不是来,Mother doesnt know,if the teacher will come.,9.你能告诉我你住哪里吗,Can you tell me,where you live,10.想知道你喜欢什么颜色,,I want to know,what colour you like.,11.你们知道他什么时候来吗,Do you know,when he will come back,12.司机想这是谁的书包呢,The driver thought,whose bag this was.,。

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