中英文翻译--红外线辐射采暖原理及特点.doc中英文翻译--红外线辐射采暖原理及特点.doc

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INFRAREDRADIATIONHEATINGPRINCIPLEANDCHARACTERISTICSOFCHINASABUNDANTNATURALGASRESOURCES,WITHTHENATIONALENERGYSTRATEGY,TECHNOLOGYTRANSFERANDTHEEXPLORATIONANDEXPLOITATIONOFTHECONTINUOUSDEVELOPMENTOFWESTERNCHINAINRECENTYEARSPROVENANDSUCCESSFULDEVELOPMENTOFANUMBEROFHIGHQUALITYNATURALGASFIELDS,HASBEENTHEFORMATIONOFTHETARIM,QAIDAM,SHAANXIGANSUNINGXIAANDSICHUAN,CHONGQING,FOURNATURALGASFIELDSATNATIONALLEVEL,ALREADYTHEBASISFORTHEDEVELOPMENTOFGASINDUSTRYANDCONDITIONSITISREPORTEDTHATNATURALGASASACLEANANDEFFICIENTENERGYANDHIGHQUALITYCHEMICALRAWMATERIALS,ENERGYSTRUCTUREINTHEWORLDTHEPROPORTIONHASREACHED24,WHILEINCHINA,THECURRENTENERGYMIXOFNATURALGASINTHEPROPORTIONOFONLY22ACCORDINGTOCHINANATIONALPETROLEUMCORPORATIONIN2000,ZHENGHU,DEPUTYGENERALMANAGEROFCHINAINTERNATIONALOILANDGASCONFERENCENEWSCONFERENCETHATCHINAHASBEENTHEDEVELOPMENTANDUTILIZATIONOFNATURALGASFORTHEEARLY21STCENTURYENERGYSTRUCTUREOPTIMIZATIONANDUPGRADINGOFTHEOILINDUSTRYFOCUS,FORTENYEARSABOUTTHETIME,SOTHATNATURALGASINCHINASENERGYCONSUMPTIONSTRUCTUREINTHEPROPORTIONFROMTHECURRENT22TO8,TARIMBASININXINJIANGASTHECOUNTRYSLARGESTNATURALGASFIELDSANDTHEBIRTHOFTHEIMPLEMENTATIONOFTHEPROJECT,TOGETHERWITHTHEDEVELOPMENTOFOFFSHOREOILANDNATURALGASANDNATURALGASABROAD,INCLUDINGTHEUSEOF2010ISEXPECTEDTOACHIEVETHISOBJECTIVEISNODOUBTTHATTODEVELOPTHENATIONALSITUATION,THENATURALGASINDUSTRY,NATURALGASASACLEANENERGYININDUSTRIALPRODUCTIONANDNATIONALLIFEINTHEPROPORTIONOFENERGYCONSUMPTIONWILLGROWUNDERSUCHCIRCUMSTANCES,HOWTORESPONDTONATIONALPOLICYTOBETTERPROMOTETHENATURALGASINDUSTRYINTHEAPPLICATIONOFHVACPROBLEMS,ISFACINGTHEINDUSTRY,ESPECIALLYINTHEHVACEQUIPMENTMANUFACTURERS,SALESSTAFFANDDESIGNBUSINESSBEFOREANISSUEFIRST,THEPRINCIPLEOFINFRAREDRADIATIONHEATINGGASFIREDINFRAREDRADIANTHEATINGSYSTEMCONSISTSOFONEORMOREINDEPENDENTVACUUMSYSTEMEACHVACUUMSYSTEMINCLUDESAVACUUMCONTROLSYSTEM,ACERTAINNUMBEROFGENERATORSANDHEATEXCHANGERSHEATEXCHANGERSYSTEMOFSTEELPIPESFROM100MMDIAMETERPIPELINELINKINGANDCOVERAGEOFTHEABOVEINITSHIGHPERFORMANCEALUMINUMALLOYCONSTITUTESASOUNDINGBOARDTHESYSTEMUSESNATURALGAS,LIQUEFIEDPETROLEUMGASORGASGASHEATANDCOMBUSTIONBYTHEGENERATOR,THEHEATGENERATORINTHEAIR,THROUGHTHEUSEOFCENTRIFUGALFANSORPUMPSTHEROLEOFTHEHEATEDAIRANDCOMBUSTIONPRODUCTSOFTHERADIATIONTRANSPORTTUBE,RADIANTTUBEHEATEDTOACERTAINTEMPERATURE,PRODUCEFARINFRAREDRADIANTTUBEOUTSIDEHEATTRANSFERTHESYSTEMISBASEDONTHESUNHEATINGTHEEARTHSSURFACECREATEDBYTHEPRINCIPLESOFDESIGN,SUPPLYOFSOLARENERGYTOTHEEARTHSANALYSISCONCLUDEDTHATTHEELECTROMAGNETICSPECTRUMWAVELENGTH108MICRONSΜMBELOWFORTHECOSMICRAYS,WAVELENGTHINMORETHAN5108ΜMFORTHESOUNDTOWAVE,THERMALRADIATIONMAINLYINTHEWAVELENGTHRANGEOF210ΜMBETWEENTHESIMULATIONOFTHESOLARSYSTEMCANPRODUCEONLYBYRADIATIONANDHEATCONDUCTIONMEDIUMOFAIRFORSOMENONTHERMALHEATINGOFTHERADIATIONWAVELENGTH212ΜMTHEREFORE,THEDIRECTHEATINGOFTHESYSTEMOBJECTSPACERATHERTHANHEATINGTHEAIR,BUTHEATINGOBJECTSSPACE,STAFF,EQUIPMENT,TOOLSTHESEHEATINGOBJECTSINACCORDANCEWITHITSOWNCHARACTERISTICSOFPHYSICALANDCHEMICALSTRUCTURETOABSORBANDSTOREENERGYRECEIVED,ANDTHENEXPOSEDTOAIRTHROUGHITSSURFACETOTHEAIRSPACEHEATINGHEATTRANSFER,WHICHCANSOLVETHETECHNOLOGYSECTORHASBEENBESETALLHVACKINDSOFMILITARY,CIVILIANTALLWAREHOUSESPACEHEATINGANDOTHERPROBLEMSINFRAREDRADIANTHEATINGISSIMILARTOSOLARRADIATION,INFRAREDISTHEPARTOFTHEELECTROMAGNETICPARAGRAPHDIFFERENTWAVELENGTHSOFTHEELECTROMAGNETICWAVESAREEXPOSEDTOTHEOBJECTSWILLPRODUCEDIFFERENTEFFECTSWAVELENGTHSUCHAS0761000UMBETWEENTHEELECTROMAGNETICWAVE,ESPECIALLYINTHEWAVELENGTHRANGEOF07640UM,WITHANONDISPERSIVEANDTHUSTHEENERGYCONCENTRATIONOFASIGNIFICANTTHERMALEFFECT,THATIS,INFRAREDTHESUNHEATINGTHEEARTHSSURFACEWITHDIFFERENTHEATINGRADIATOR,ITDOESNOTREQUIREHEATINGTHEATMOSPHERE,BUTBYSOLARRADIATIONTODIRECTLYHEATTHEEARTHSSURFACETHROUGHINFRAREDRADIATION,RADIATIONTOTHEREGIONOFDIRECTHEATING,THERMALRADIATIONCANBEOFCONCRETEFLOORS,ANDABSORBEDAVARIETYOFOBJECTS,ANDASECONDRADIATIONOFTHESEOBJECTSINORDERTOHEATOTHEROBJECTSAROUNDNOTONLYTHAT,BUTALSOINFRAREDOBJECTORTHEHUMANBODYTHROUGHACERTAINDEGREEOFDEPTHOFSURFACELAYER,WHICHFROMTHEINSIDEOFTHEOBJECTORTHEBODYHEAT,THISSYSTEMISALSOREFERREDTOASARTIFICIALSOLARHEATINGSYSTEMGASFIREDINFRAREDRADIANTHEATINGOFTHERADIATIONINTENSITY,EFFECTIVERADIANTHEATINGINTHEENVIRONMENT,RETAININGSTRUCTURE,GROUNDEQUIPMENTANDTHEENVIRONMENTHAVEAHIGHERSURFACETEMPERATURE,SOTHEHUMANBODYHAVEABETTERCOMFORT,ATTHISTIMEWHOTHEREALSENSEOFTHEENVIRONMENTTEMPERATUREISHIGHERTHANTHESURROUNDINGAIRTEMPERATUREINFRAREDRADIATIONHEATING,GROUNDFLOORROOMTEMPERATURESAREHIGH,WARMANDCOMFORTABLEWORKINGENVIRONMENT,THEUPPERLOWTEMPERATURE,HIGHERUTILIZATIONOFITSHEATSECOND,GASINFRAREDRADIATIONHEATINGOFTHEADVANTAGESOF1,TOSAVEENERGYUPTO3060,SIGNIFICANTLYLOWEROPERATINGCOSTS2,WHENTHEBUILDINGHEATINGCONVECTIONHEATINGTHANHEATLOSSWHENLOW,THEREARESEVERALREASONSFIRST,ASARESULTOFRADIATIONHEATING,THERADIANTHEATEXPOSURETODIRECTHEATINGOBJECT,THEENVIRONMENTISVIRTUALLYNONHEATINGTHEAIR,SOHEATINGTHEAIRTEMPERATUREATTHESAMEHEALTHCONDITIONSTHANCONVECTIONHEATING,WHENTHEAIRTEMPERATURELOW,GENERALLYLESS25℃,SOSMALLTEMPERATUREDIFFERENCEBETWEENINDOORSANDOUTDOORS,SOASMALLERAMO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编号:201311171030005427    类型:共享资源    大小:42.50KB    格式:DOC    上传时间:2013-11-17
  
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