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附录附录A外文翻译-原文部分COMPUTERPROGRAMMINGDATASTRUCTUREISANIMPORTANTTHEORETICALBASISFORTHEDESIGN,ITISNOTONLYTHECORECURRICULUMOFCOMPUTERDISCIPLINES,ANDHASBECOMEAPOPULARELECTIVECOURSEOTHERPOLYTECHNICPROFESSIONAL,SOSTUDIEDTHISCOURSEWELLANDSTUDIEDCOMPUTERARECLOSELYRELATED一、THECONCEPTOFDATASTRUCTURECOMPUTERDATASTRUCTUREISTHEFOUNDATIONOFSCIENCEANDTECHNOLOGYPROFESSIONALCLASSES,ISTHEESSENTIALCORECURRICULUMALLCOMPUTERSYSTEMSOFTWAREANDAPPLICATIONSOFTWARETOUSEVARIOUSTYPESOFDATASTRUCTURESTHEREFORE,IFWEWANTTOMAKEBETTERUSEOFCOMPUTERSTOSOLVEPRACTICALPROBLEMS,ONLYTOSEVERALCOMPUTERPROGRAMMINGLANGUAGESAREDIFFICULTTOCOPEWITHTHEMANYCOMPLEXISSUESTOTHEEFFECTIVEUSEOFCOMPUTERS,GIVEFULLPLAYTOCOMPUTERPERFORMANCE,BUTALSOMUSTLEARNANDMASTERRELEVANTKNOWLEDGEOFDATASTRUCTUREASOLIDFOUNDATIONOFDATASTRUCTUREFORLEARNINGOTHERCOMPUTERPROFESSIONALCOURSES,SUCHASOPERATINGSYSTEMS,TRANSLATIONTHEORY,DATABASEMANAGEMENTSYSTEMS,SOFTWAREENGINEERING,ARTIFICIALINTELLIGENCE,ETCAREVERYUSEFUL二、WHYSHOULDLEARNFROMDATASTRUCTUREINTHEEARLYDEVELOPMENTOFCOMPUTERS,THEUSEOFCOMPUTERDESIGNEDPRIMARILYTODEALWITHTERMSWHENWEUSETHECOMPUTERTOSOLVEASPECIFICPROBLEM,THEFOLLOWINGGENERALNEEDSTHROUGHSEVERALSTEPSTHEFIRSTISASPECIFICPROBLEMOFAPPROPRIATEABSTRACTMATHEMATICALMODELS,ANDTHENDESIGNORCHOOSEAMATHEMATICALMODELOFTHEALGORITHM,THEFINALPROCEDURESFORDEBUGGING,TESTING,UNTILTHEYHAVETHEULTIMATEANSWERSINCETHENTHEOBJECTISINTEGER,REAL,BOOLEAN,THEPROCEDURESOFTHEMAINDESIGNERSOFENERGYISFOCUSEDONPROGRAMMINGSKILLS,WITHOUTATTENTIONTOTHEDATASTRUCTUREWITHTHEEXPANSIONOFCOMPUTERAPPLICATIONSANDDEVELOPMENTOFSOFTWAREANDHARDWARE,THEISSUEOFNONTERMSINCREASINGIMPORTANCEACCORDINGTOSTATISTICS,NOWDEALINGWITHTHEISSUEOFNONOCCUPANCYOFMORETHAN90OFTHEMACHINETIMESUCHISSUESINVOLVEMORECOMPLEXDATASTRUCTURE,THERELATIONSHIPSBETWEENDATAELEMENTSGENERALLYCANNOTBEDESCRIBEDBYMATHEMATICALFORMULATHEREFORE,THEKEYTOSOLVINGSUCHPROBLEMSISNOLONGERMATHEMATICALANALYSISANDCALCULATIONS,BUTTODEVISEAPPROPRIATEDATASTRUCTURE,CANEFFECTIVELYADDRESSTHEPROBLEMDESCRIPTIONOFTHETERMSOFSUCHNONMATHEMATICALMODELISNOTAMATHEMATICALEQUATION,BUTSUCHASTABLES,TREES,SUCHASMAPDATASTRUCTURETHEREFORE,ITCANBESAIDTHATDATASTRUCTURECOURSESPRIMARILYDESIGNEDTOSTUDYTHEISSUEOFNONVALUECALCULATIONPROCEDURESASACOMPUTEROPERATIONSANDTHERELATIONSHIPBETWEENOBJECTSANDTHEIROPERATINGDISCIPLINESTHEPURPOSEOFTHESTUDYISTOUNDERSTANDTHESTRUCTUREOFDATAFORCOMPUTERPROCESSINGOFTHEIDENTITYOBJECTTOTHEPRACTICALPROBLEMSINVOLVEDINDEALINGWITHTHATSUBJECTATTHECOMPUTEROUTANDDEALWITHTHEMATTHESAMETIME,THROUGHTRAININGALGORITHMSTOIMPROVETHETHINKINGABILITYOFSTUDENTSTHROUGHPROCEDURESDESIGNEDTOPROMOTESTUDENTSKILLSINTEGRATEDAPPLICATIONSANDPROFESSIONALQUALITIES三、THECONCEPTSANDTERMINOLOGYSYSTEMATICSTUDYOFKNOWLEDGEINTHEDATASTRUCTUREBEFORESOMEOFTHEBASICCONCEPTSANDTERMINOLOGYTOGIVEAPRECISEMEANINGDATADATAISTHEINFORMATIONCARRIER,ITCOULDBECOMPUTERIDENTIFICATION,STORAGEANDPROCESSINGITISTHECOMPUTERPROCESSINGOFRAWMATERIALS,AVARIETYOFDATAPROCESSINGAPPLICATIONSCOMPUTERSCIENCE,COMPUTERPROCESSINGISTHESOCALLEDDATAOBJECTS,WHICHCANBENUMERICALDATACANBENONNUMERICALDATANUMERICALDATAAREINTEGER,THEACTUALNUMBERORPLURAL,MAINLYFORENGINEERINGCOMPUTING,SCIENTIFICCOMPUTINGANDCOMMERCIALPROCESSING;NONNUMERICALDATA,INCLUDINGCHARACTERS,TEXT,GRAPHICS,IMAGES,VOICEANDSOONDATAELEMENTSDATAELEMENTISTHEBASICUNITOFDATAINDIFFERENTCONDITIONS,DATAELEMENTSCANBECALLEDELEMENTS,NODES,THEPEAK,RECORDINGFOREXAMPLE,STUDENTSINFORMATIONRETRIEVALSYSTEMTABLEINFORMATION,ARECORDHIGH,8QUEENSISSUEOFASTATETREE,TEACHINGPROGRAMMINGISSUESSUCHASAPEAK,KNOWNASADATAELEMENTSOMETIMES,ADATAFROMANUMBEROFDATAELEMENTSDATAITEM,FOREXAMPLE,THESTUDENTINFORMATIONMANAGEMENTSYSTEMSTUDENTSEACHDATAELEMENTTABLEISASTUDENTRECORDITINCLUDESSTUDENTSOFTHESCHOOL,NAME,SEX,NATIONALITY,DATEOFBIRTH,PERFORMANCEDATAITEMSTHESEDATAITEMSCANBEDIVIDEDINTOTWOTYPESONECALLEDEARLYSUCHASSTUDENTGENDER,ORIGIN,ETC,THESEDATAWERENOLONGERDIVIDEDINDATAPROCESSING,THESMALLESTUNITS;ANOTHERCALLEDPORTFOLIO,THEPERFORMANCEOFSTUDENTSWHO,ITCANBEDIVIDEDINTOMATHEMATICS,PHYSICS,CHEMISTRYANDOTHERSMALLERITEMSNORMALLY,INADDRESSINGTHEQUESTIONOFTHEPRACTICALAPPLICATIONOFEACHSTUDENTISRECORDEDASABASICUNITFORAVISITANDTREATMENTDATAOBJECTSDATAOBJECTORDATAELEMENTTYPEDATAELEMENTCLASSISTHENATUREOFTHEDATAELEMENTSWITHTHESAMEPOOLINASPECIFICISSUE,THEDATAELEMENTSHAVETHESAMENATURENOTNECESSARILYEQUALVALUEELEMENTS,BELONGINGTOTHESAMEDATAOBJECTSDATAELEMENTTYPE,THEDATAELEMENTISANEXAMPLEOFSUCHDATAELEMENTSFOREXAMPLE,TRAFFICINFORMATIONSYSTEMSINTHETRANSPORTATIONNETWORK,ISACULMINATIONOFALLTHEDATAELEMENTSCATEGORY,PEAKAANDBEACHREPRESENTANURBANMIDDLEISTHEDATAELEMENTSOFTHETWOTYPESOFEXAMPLESOFTHEVALUEOFTHEIRDATAELEMENTSAANDBRESPECTIVELYDATASTRUCTUREDATASTRUCTUREREFERSTOTHEMUTUALRELATIONSHIPTHATEXISTSBETWEENONEORMOREDATAELEMENTSTOGETHERINANYCASE,BETWEENDATAELEMENTSWILLNOTBEISOLATEDINBETWEENTHEMEXISTINONEWAYORANOTHER,SUCHASTHERELATIONSHIPBETWEENTHEDATAELEMENTSTRUCTUREACCORDINGTOTHEDATAELEMENTSOFTHERELATIONSHIPBETWEENDIFFERENTCHARACTERISTICS,USUALLYHAVETHEFOLLOWINGFOURBASICCATEGORIESOFTHESTRUCTURE1ASSEMBLYSTRUCTURESINTHEASSEMBLYSTRUCTURE,THERELATIONSHIPBETWEENDATAELEMENTSISBELONGINGTOTHESAMEPOOLASSEMBLYELEMENTSRELATIONSISAVERYLOOSESTRUCTURE2LINEARSTRUCTURESTHESTRUCTUREOFTHEDATAELEMENTSEXISTBETWEENONETOONERELATIONSHIP3TREESTRUCTURETHESTRUCTUREOFTHEDATAELEMENTSEXISTBETWEENHIERARCHICALRELATIONSHIP4GRAPHICSSTRUCTURETHESTRUCTUREOFTHEDATAELEMENTSOFTHERELATIONSHIPTHATEXISTEDBETWEENDUODUIDUO,GRAPHICSSTRUCTUREALSOKNOWNASNETWORKSTRUCTURECBUILDERPROGRAMMINGEXPERIENCE一、DATABASEPROGRAMMINGANDTHEUSEOFDELPHI,BORLANDCBUILDERBDEBORLANDDATABASEENGINEDATABASEINTERFACE,INPARTICULARITSUSEBDEADMINISTRATORUNIFIEDMANAGEMENTDATABASEALIAS,THEDATABASEOPERATIONHASNOTHINGTODOWITHTHELOCATIONOFTHEDATABASEDOCUMENTS,THUSENABLINGDATABASEDEVELOPMENTEASIEROPERATIONBUTINADATABASEAPPLICATIONPROCEDURESATTHESAMETIMEWEHAVETORELEASEBDE,THEDATABASEFORSOMESIMPLEPROCEDURESMAYBDETHANOUROWNDESIGNPROCEDURESBIG,BUTASTHEUSEOFBDEINSTALLSHIELD,ADDDATABASEALIASISLIKELYALLOCATIONFAILURETHEREFORE,WECANUSETHEFOLLOWINGMETHODSSTILLINTHEDESIGNSTAGEPROCEDUREUSINGBDEALIASMANAGEMENTDATABASEFORDEBUGGING,BUTINPROCEDURESSUBSTANTIALLYASINTHEMAINCHUANGTIONCREATEEVENTPROCESSINGFUNCTIONTOTABLECOMPONENTSDATABASENAMEATTRIBUTES,SUCHASTHEUSEOFSIMILARPHRASESASFOLLOWSTABLE1DATABASENAMEEXTRACTFILEPATHAPPLICATIONEXENAME;ORTABLE1DATABASENAMEEXTRACTFILEPATHAPPLICATIONEXENAMEDB;THUS,NOIMPACTONTHEDEBUGGINGPHASE,WILLBEISSUEDIFTHEAPPLICATIONPROCEDURESTABLE1DOCUMENTONTHEUSEOFDATABASESORTHEIRCURRENTCATALOGUEDBVIRUS,DATABASEPROCEDURESCANBENORMALOPERATIONYOUCANEVENBEADATABASETOCATALOGUETHEDOCUMENTSINTHEFORMOFCHARACTERSTRINGREGISTERINSTALLEDINTHEINSTALLATIONPROCESS,THENTHEPROCEDUREINTHEACQUISITIONOFSUBSTANTIALLYFROMTHECATALOGUEOFPAYROLLS,FUZHIDATABASENAMEATTRIBUTETOBEANYWAY,YOUDONOTNEEDTOINSTALLRELATIVELYLARGEBDEFORCEDUSERS二、THEREGISTRYVISITASINTHEDESIGNPROCESSWEOFTENREQUIRED9X/NTWINDOWSREGISTRYINFORMATIONVISIT,SUCHASRETRIEVALOFINFORMATIONPROCEDURES,PRESERVATIONOFINFORMATIONREGISTERWRITEASUBROUTINETOVISITNECESSARYWHENTHEREGISTERTOVISIT,THELIBRARYWILLBEDIRECTLYAVAILABLEWITHOUTALWAYSSOMEDUPLICATIONOPERATIONTHEFOLLOWINGCANBEUSEDTOACCESSCOSMETICLICHENG,THECHARACTERSTRINGTYPEJIANZHI,ANDTHERETRIEVALOFFAILURETORETURNDEFAULTVALUEDEFAULTINCLUDEREGISTRYHPPINTREADINTFROMREGHKEYROOT,ANSISTRINGKEY,ANSISTRINGKEYNAME,INTDEFAULT{INTKEYVALUE;TREGISTRYREGISTRYNEWTREGISTRY;REGISTRYROOTKEYROOT;REGISTRYOPENKEYKEY,FALSE;TRY{KEYVALUEREGISTRYREADINTEGERKEYNAME;}CATCH{KEYVALUEDEFAULT;}DELETEREGISTRY;RETURNKEYVALUE;}VOIDSAVEINTTOREGHKEYROOT,ANSISTRINGKEY,ANSISTRINGKEYNAME,INTKEYVALUE{TREGISTRYREGISTRYNEWTREGISTRY;REGISTRYROOTKEYROOT;REGISTRYOPENKEYKEY,TRUE;REGISTRYWRITEINTEGERKEYNAME,KEYVALUE;DELETEREGISTRY;}CHARREADSTRINGFROMREGHKEYROOT,ANSISTRINGKEY,ANSISTRINGKEYNAME,CHARDEFAULT{ANSISTRINGKEYVALUE;TREGISTRYREGISTRYNEWTREGISTRY;REGISTRYROOTKEYROOT;REGISTRYOPENKEYKEY,FALSE;TRY{KEYVALUEREGISTRYREADSTRINGKEYNAME;}CATCH{KEYVALUEANSISTRINGDEFAULT;}DELETEREGISTRY;
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