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中医内科学试题.doc

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中医 内科学 试题
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A1型题1.感冒病证多发季节A.春夏B.夏秋C.秋冬D.冬春E.四季........................................................................答案:1.D2.“其在皮者,汗而发之”出自下列何书A.《仁斋直指方》B.《伤寒论》C.《诸病源候论》D.《丹溪心法》E.《素问》........................................................................答案:2.E3.导致感冒的主因是A.风邪B.寒邪C.暑邪D.燥邪E.湿邪........................................................................答案:3.A4.感冒的主要病机是A.肺失宣降B.肺气失宣C.卫表不和D.营卫不和E.肺卫不固........................................................................答案:4.C5.下列哪项不是时行感冒的特点A.为非时之气夹时行病毒伤人B.全身症状明显C.可化热入里,变生他病D.相互传染,呈流行性E.发病季节性强........................................................................答案:5.E6.下列哪一项不是鉴别风寒感冒与风热感冒的依据A.恶寒发热的孰轻孰重B.咽喉肿痛与否C.鼻塞流涕与否D.口渴与不渴E.舌苔黄与白,脉象浮数与浮紧........................................................................答案:6.C7.感冒的病程是A.1~3天B.3~5天C.3~7天D.7~10天E.长短不定........................................................................答案:7.C8.除下列哪项外均为感冒的特征A.恶寒发热B.鼻塞声重C.头身疼痛D.喷嚏流涕E.咳喘痰多........................................................................答案:8.E9.“五脏六腑皆令人咳,非独肺也。”此语出于A.《素问》B.《诸病源候论》C.《景岳全书》D.《医学三字经》E.《河间六书》........................................................................答案:9.A10.外感咳嗽属于A.邪实正虚B.邪实C.正虚D.邪实正不虚E.邪不实正虚........................................................................答案:10.B11.内伤咳嗽治宜A.祛邪B.扶正C.扶正补虚D.补虚E.标本同治........................................................................答案:11.E12.古书中有言:燥咳每成A.虚B.哮C.悸D.痨E.喘........................................................................答案:12.D13.外感咳嗽治宜A.扶正补虚B.扶正C.祛邪D.补虚E.标本同治........................................................................答案:13.C14.病人咳嗽发热,胸痛,咳时尤甚,吐痰腥臭,咳吐脓血,应诊断为A.咳嗽B.肺痨C.肺胀D.肺痈E.肺痿........................................................................答案:14.D15.首先提出哮喘之名的医家是A.华佗B.张仲景C.李东垣D.朱丹溪E.刘完素........................................................................答案:15.D16.哮证发作的主要因素是A.伏痰B.外感C.饮食D.情志E.劳倦........................................................................答案:16.A17.哮证的治疗原则是A.祛邪化痰B.扶正固本C.发时治标,平时治本D.补肾化痰E.化痰平喘........................................................................答案:17.C18.下列哪项对哮与喘鉴别诊断无意义A.有无宿根B.喉中有无水鸡声C.哮必兼喘D.喘未必兼哮E.呼吸急促........................................................................答案:18.E19.哮证发作的病理关键是A.宿痰内伏于肺B.外邪侵袭,触动伏痰C.痰气相击,气道被阻D.邪袭于肺,肺气不利E.肺脏虚弱,气失所主........................................................................答案:19.B20.哮证病性总属于A.邪实B.正虚C.邪实正虚D.邪不实正虚E.邪实正不虚........................................................................答案:20.C21.喘证的发病机制主要在A.肺B.肺脾C.肺肾D.脾肾E.肾........................................................................答案:21.C22.下列除哪一项外均为喘证的特征A.呼吸困难B.张口抬肩C.胸高胀满D.鼻翼煽动E.不能平卧........................................................................答案:22.C23.喘证辨证首应审其A.寒热B.表里C.虚实D.肺肾E.阴阳........................................................................答案:23.C24.虚喘之肺虚证治宜选用A.生脉散合补肺汤B.生脉散C.补肺汤D.玉屏风散E.金匮肾气丸........................................................................答案:24.A25.肺痈之成痈化脓的病理基础是A.热伤肺气B.热壅血瘀C.肉腐血败D.热毒留恋E.痰瘀痹阻........................................................................答案:25.B26.下列成痈期肺痈的主症中,哪一项是错误的A.胸部疼痛B.寒战壮热C.咳嗽气急D.咳吐脓血腥臭E.舌苔黄腻脉滑数........................................................................答案:26.D27.溃脓期的主症是A.咳吐白色黏痰B.咳吐黄绿浊痰C.咳吐腥臭脓血痰D.咳吐黄脓痰E.咳吐白色泡沫痰........................................................................答案:27.C28.肺痈成痈期的治法A.清肺解毒,化瘀消痈B.清肺散邪C.解毒排脓D.清热排脓E.疏风散热........................................................................答案:28.A29.我国现存的第一部治疗肺痨的专著是A.《理虚元鉴》B.《十药神书》C.《医学入门》D.《金匮要略》E.《外台秘要》........................................................................答案:29.B30.肺痨的治疗大法为A.滋阴B.益气C.养血D.温阳E.抗痨........................................................................答案:30.A31.肺痨的四大主症是A.咳嗽、胸痛、发热、汗出B.咳嗽、咯血、潮热、盗汗C.咳嗽、消瘦、低热、自汗D.咳嗽、神疲、心悸、盗汗E.干咳、气促、潮热、胸痛........................................................................答案:31.B32.肺痨病久,呈现消瘦,而色萎黄,腹泻纳减,治疗宜用A.培土生金法B.养阴益脾法C.补肾养阴法D.养阴润肺法E.滋阴降火法........................................................................答案:32.A33.干咳,或咳少量黏痰,有时痰中带血,胸部隐痛,午后手足心热,皮肤干灼,或有盗汗,舌质红苔薄,脉细数,其辨证为A.肺阴亏虚B.阴虚火旺C.气阴两虚D.阴阳两虚E.肺肾阴虚........................................................................答案:33.A34.咳嗽无力,气短声低,咳痰清稀色白,偶或带血,午后潮热,自汗盗汗,纳少神疲,便溏,面色晄白,颧红,舌质嫩红,边有牙印,苔薄,脉细弱而数,其辨证为A.肺阴亏虚B.阴虚火旺C.气阴两虚D.阴阳两虚E.肺肾阴虚........................................................................答案:34.C35.治疗虚火灼肺型肺痨应首选A.百合固金汤B.月华丸C.保真汤D.补肺汤E.知柏地黄丸........................................................................答案:35.A36.肺痨虚火灼肺,咳血较著者,在辨证方中宜加入A.当归、三七B.泽兰、红花C.黑山栀D.冬虫夏草、蛤蚧E.术蝴蝶、诃子........................................................................答案:36.C37.肺胀病名首见于A.《灵枢》B.《金匮要略》C.《诸病源候论》D.《丹溪心法》E.《证治汇补》........................................................................答案:37.A38.肺胀的辨证要点主要是A.辨气血B.辨寒热C.辨表里D.辨标本虚实,脏腑阴阳E.辨病情缓急........................................................................答案:38.D39.治疗痰热郁肺型肺胀的首选方剂是A.清金化痰汤B.越婢加半夏汤C.小青龙加石膏汤D.麻杏石甘荡E.定喘汤........................................................................答案:39.B40.肺胀痰蒙神窍型的主症,下列错误的一项是A.神志恍惚B.谵妄,烦躁不安C.咳逆喘促D.咳痰不爽E.头昏而瞆........................................................................答案:40.E41.肺胀痰蒙神窍证,其治疗方宜选A.苏合香丸B.礞石滚痰丸C.指迷茯苓丸D.涤痰汤E.顺气导痰汤........................................................................答案:41.D42.痰热郁肺证肺胀的治法是A.宣肺化痰,止咳定喘B.清热解毒,止咳化痰C.清肺化痰,降逆平喘D.辛凉解表,止咳化痰E.养阴清肺,化痰降气........................................................................答案:42.C43.小青龙汤治疗肺胀的证型是A.外寒内饮B.痰热郁肺C.痰蒙神窍D.肺肾气虚E.阳虚水泛........................................................................答案:43.A44.症见咳嗽痰多,白色泡沫痰,喘息不能平卧,胸部膨满,憋闷如塞,面色紫黯,唇甲紫黯,舌质暗,舌下青筋明显,苔白腻,脉弦滑,属于肺胀的哪一型A.痰热郁肺B.痰瘀阻肺C.痰蒙神窍D.肺肾气虚E.阳虚水泛........................................................................答案:44.B45.肺胀见呼吸浅短难续,咳声低怯,胸满短气,倚息不能平卧,咳嗽,痰白如沫,咳吐不利,心悸,形寒汗出,面色晦暗,舌黯紫,脉沉细无力,治法是A.温肺散寒,降逆涤痰B.清肺泄热,降逆平喘C.涤痰祛瘀,泻肺平喘D.补肺纳肾,降气平喘E.温阳化饮,宣肺平喘........................................................................答案:45.D46.肺痿虚热证的治疗主方是A.沙参麦冬汤B.百合固金汤C.麦门冬汤D.麦门冬汤合清燥救肺汤E.月华丸........................................................................答案:46.D47.肺痿的病机关键在于A.肺虚津气失于濡养B.肺气虚弱C.肺失宣降D.肺阴亏耗E.肺热痰壅........................................................................答案:47.A48.肺痿的主要治则A.补肺生津B.温肺益气C.清热润肺D.宣肺化痰E.补益肺气........................................................................答案:48.A49.肺痿的主症是A.咳吐腥臭脓痰B.咳吐腥臭痰血C.咳吐浊唾涎沫D.咳嗽喉间痰鸣E.咳吐黄绿色痰........................................................................答案:49.C50.心悸之阴虚而火不旺者治宜何方A.生脉散B.保元汤C.六味地黄丸D.天王补心丹E.沙参麦冬汤........................................................................答案:50.D51.惊悸病名最早由哪位医家正式提出A.张仲景B.巢元方C.张景岳D.朱丹溪E.孙思邈........................................................................答案:51.A52.《丹溪心法》认为怔忡的根本原因为A.心血不足B.血虚与痰火C.心阳不足D.肝火上扰E.瘀血阻络........................................................................答案:52.B53.“脉痹不已,复感于邪,内舍于心”引起的心悸病机当为A.水饮凌心B.痰热扰心C.瘀血阻络D.阴虚火旺E.心阳不足........................................................................答案:53.C54.下列哪项不是惊悸,怔忡的病因A.精神因素B.痰热C.心血不足D.外邪E.瘀血........................................................................答案:54.D55.怔忡虚证的治疗大法当以下列哪项为主A.滋补肝肾B.培土生金C.养血安神D.补益心脾E.温补脾肾........................................................................答案:55.C56.病人心悸,善惊易恐,坐卧不安,舌苔薄白脉细弦,属下列何种证候A.心血不足B.心虚胆怯C.饮邪上犯D.心阴不足E.心阳衰弱........................................................................答案:56.B57.下列哪项为阴虚火旺型心悸的主症A.胸脘痞闷B.善惊易恐C.心烦少寐D.形寒肢冷E.倦怠无力........................................................................答案:57.C58.阴虚而火旺之心悸最佳方剂可选A.天王补心丹B.朱砂安神丸C.甘麦大枣汤D.知柏地黄丸E.生脉散........................................................................答案:58.D59.血府逐瘀汤治疗胸痹的记载,出于下列何书A.《伤寒论》B.《金匮要略》C.《灵枢五味》D.《医林改错》E.《证治准绳》........................................................................答案:59.D60.“真心痛,手足青至节,心痛甚,旦发夕死,夕发旦死。”此语出自A.《灵枢》B.《素问》C.《伤寒论》D.《金匮要略》E.《难经》........................................................................答案:60.A61.胸痹总属本虚标实之证,其本虚为A.肝肾亏虚B.心脾亏虚C.心气不足D.肾阴不足E.心脾肝肾亏虚........................................................................答案:61.E62.下列哪项不是胸痹的治疗法则A.活血化瘀B.辛温通阳C.泄浊豁痰D.温补阳气E.滋阴润肺........................................................................答案:62.E63.胸痹总属本虚标实之证,其标实常见为下列哪项以外A.气滞B.血瘀C.痰浊D.阴寒E.火邪........................................................................答案:63.E64.胸痛,若瘀血、痰浊、寒凝祛除后,其治疗方法当着重A.温补阳气B.补益心血C.气血双补D.滋阴养血E.脾肾两补........................................................................答案:64.A65.胸痹之病因,多与下列哪项以外有关A.寒邪内侵B.心虚胆怯C.饮食失调D.情志失节E.年迈体虚........................................................................答案:65.B66.最先提出“胃不和则卧不安”的是哪一本书A.《伤寒论》B.《金匮要略》C.《黄帝内经》D.《景岳全书》E.《类证治裁》........................................................................答案:66.C67.不寐的病机特点为A.阳盛阴衰,阴阳失交B.阴盛阳衰,阴阳失交C.胃气不和,夜卧不安D.阳不交阴,心肾不交E.痰热内扰........................................................................答案:67.A68.虚证不寐的病理因素主要是A.津液亏耗B.阴血不足C.阳气不足D.脾气虚弱E.肝郁脾虚........................................................................答案:68.B69.下列哪项不是引起不寐的原因A.胃中不和,痰热内扰B.思虑劳倦,内伤心脾C.心虚胆怯,心神不安D.阴虚火旺,肝阳扰动E.气郁痰结,阻闭神明........................................................................答案:69.E70.下列除哪项外均为不寐的病因A.情志所伤B.饮食不节C.外邪侵袭D.病后体虚E.劳逸失调........................................................................答案:70.C71.肝火扰心型不寐者,宜首选A.安神定志丸B.龙胆泻肝汤C.朱砂安神丸D.柴胡疏肝散E.黄连阿胶汤........................................................................答案:71.B72.下列哪项不是实证不寐的病理因素A.肝郁化火B.心肾不交C.食滞D.痰浊E.胃腑不和........................................................................答案:72.B73.老年人夜寐早醒而无虚烦之证的,多属气血不足,治宜A.交泰丸B.酸枣仁汤C.安神定志丸D.归脾汤E.养心汤........................................................................答案:73.D74.病后血虚肝热而不寐者,宜用A.琥珀多寐丸B.安神定志丸C.黄连阿胶汤D.交泰丸E.朱砂安神丸........................................................................答案:74.A75.不寐属心肾不交,虚阳上扰者,宜用A.琥珀多寐丸B.安神定志丸C.黄连阿胶汤D.交泰丸E.酸枣仁汤........................................................................答案:75.D76.首先提出“重阳者狂,重阴者癫”的古典文献是A.《内经》B.《难经》C.《金匮要略》D.《中藏经》E.《类经》........................................................................答案:76.B77.下列哪项不是癫证的主症A.精神抑郁B.沉默痴呆C.喃喃自语D.语无伦次E.狂躁不宁........................................................................答案:77.E78.清代王清任治疗血瘀所致癫狂的方剂为A.血府逐瘀汤B.桃核承气汤C.抵当汤D.癫狂梦醒汤E.桃红四物汤........................................................................答案:78.D79.下列哪一项不是癫狂病发病的主要因素A.阴阳失调B.情志抑郁C.痰气上扰D.气血凝滞E.醇酒厚味........................................................................答案:79.E80.下列哪项不是癫证的治法A.疏肝理气B.化痰开窍C.涤痰泻火D.补养心脾E.养血安神........................................................................答案:80.C81.下列哪项不是狂证的治法A.镇心祛痰B.清肝泻火C.滋阴降火D.养心健脾E.安神定志........................................................................答案:81.D82.首先提出痫证发生为“痰涎壅塞”所致的古典医著是A.《素问》B.《金匮要略》C.《千金方》D.《三因方》E.《丹溪心法》........................................................................答案:82.E83.痫证发生以下列何项最为重要A.脏腑失调B.气机逆乱C.气滞血瘀D.痰邪作祟E.风阳内动........................................................................答案:83.D84.痫证风痰闭阻证主方A.涤痰汤B.定痫丸C.导痰汤D.镇肝熄风汤E.风引汤........................................................................答案:84.B85.痫证痰火扰神证主方A.龙胆泻肝汤合涤痰汤B.大补元煎合六君子汤C.朱砂安神丸D.龙胆泻肝汤E.导痰汤........................................................................答案:85.A86.痫证心肾亏虚下列何方不常用A.大补元煎B.六君子汤C.天王补心丹D.河车大造丸E.甘麦大枣汤........................................................................答案:86.C87.首先明确区分外感发厥与内伤杂病厥证的医著是A.《卫生宝鉴》B.《景岳全书》C.《医贯》D.《医学入门》E.《医门法律》........................................................................答案:87.D88.下列哪项不是厥之实证的特点A.声高息促B.眩晕昏厥C.面红气粗D.脉洪大有力E.口噤握拳........................................................................答案:88.B89.下列哪项不是血厥实证的特点A.舌质暗红B.突然昏仆C.脉弦有力D.面赤唇紫E.头晕头痛........................................................................答案:89.E90.下列哪项不是气厥实证的特点A.面赤唇紫B.头晕头痛C.脉沉而弦D.呼吸气粗E.突然昏仆........................................................................答案:90.A91.发病前有明显的情绪紧张、恐惧、疼痛或站立过久等诱发因素,发作时眩晕昏仆,面色苍白,呼吸微弱,汗出肢冷,舌淡,脉沉细微。治宜选A.开窍顺气解郁B.开窍化痰解郁C.补气养血活血D.开窍活血顺气E.补气回阳醒神........................................................................答案:91.E92.素有咳喘宿痰,多湿多痰,恼怒或剧烈咳嗽后突然昏厥,喉有痰声,或呕吐涎沫,呼吸气粗,舌苔白腻,脉沉滑。治疗方剂选A.导痰汤B.顺气导痰汤C.六磨汤D.滚痰丸E.涤痰汤........................................................................答案:92.A93.因失血过多而发,突然昏厥,面色苍白,口唇无华,四肢震颤,自汗肢冷,目陷口张,呼吸微弱,舌质淡,脉芤或细数无力。治宜选A.补气活血B.回阳救逆C.补气回阳D.补养气血E.养血活血........................................................................答案:93.D94.胃痛的治疗,以下何者为主A.疏肝和胃止痛B.调和脾胃止痛C.理气和胃止痛D.理气活血止痛E.益气健脾止痛........................................................................答案:94.C95.以下哪项不是阴虚胃痛的主症A.胃痛隐隐B.口燥咽干C.口不渴D.舌红少苔E.脉细数........................................................................答案:95.C96.下列除哪项外,均为肝气犯胃型胃痛的主症A.每因情志因素而痛作B.胃脘胀满,攻撑作痛,脘痛连胁C.嗳气频繁D.舌苔薄白E.脉象弦数........................................................................答案:96.E97.胃痛的病理特点是A.肝胃不和,胃气郁滞B.胃气上逆,失于和降C.胃气郁滞,失于和降D.肝郁化火,胃气郁滞E.脾胃不和,气机郁滞........................................................................答案:97.C98.治疗瘀血停胃证的主方为A.失笑散B.丹参饮C.血府逐瘀汤D.桃红四物汤E.失笑散合丹参饮........................................................................答案:98.E99.保和丸可用于下列除哪项以外的病证A.饮食伤胃型胃痛B.饮食积滞型腹痛C.食滞痰阻型积聚D.食滞肠胃型泄泻E.食滞内停型呕吐........................................................................答案:99.C100.痞满的主症是A.胃脘疼痛B.胃脘满闷C.胸脘痞闷D.脘闷不舒E.胸脘闷痛........................................................................答案:100.B101.痞满的基本病位在A.肝脾B.脾胃C.胃D.脾E.肝胆........................................................................答案:101.C102.“满而不痛者,此为痞”载于A.《景岳全书》B.《内经》C.《伤寒论》D.《医学正传》E.《类证治裁》........................................................................答案:102.C103.痞满的基本病机是A.食滞肠胃,痞塞不通B.外邪内陷,阻塞气机C.肝气郁滞,横逆犯脾D.湿盛脾虚,气机阻滞E.中焦气机不利,脾胃升降失职........................................................................答案:103.E104.痞满痰湿中阻证治的主方是A.二陈汤合平胃散加减B.保和丸加减C.泻心汤合连朴饮加减D.越鞠丸合枳术丸加减E.枳实消痞丸加减........................................................................答案:104.A105.脾胃虚弱,痞满反复发作者,治宜用A.疏肝解郁,和胃消痞B.清热化湿,和胃消痞C.理气宽胸,补泻并用D.补气健脾,升清降浊E.和胃降气,消痞开结........................................................................答案:105.D106.脘痞满闷,时轻时重,喜温喜按,纳呆便溏,神疲乏力,舌质淡,苔薄白,脉细弱。其辨为A.肝胃不和B.脾胃虚弱C.胃阴不足D.饮食内停E.湿热阻胃........................................................................答案:106.B107.下列哪项不是肝气犯胃型呕吐的主症A.呕吐吞酸B.嗳气频繁C.胸胁满痛D.舌边红苔薄腻E.脉沉细........................................................................答案:107.E108.下列哪项不是胃阴不足型呕吐的主症A.呕吐反复,时作干呕B.似饥而不欲食C.嗳气吞酸D.口干咽燥E.舌红少津脉细........................................................................答案:108.C109.下列关于痰饮内阻型呕吐的症状,错误的是A.呕吐清水痰涎B.脘闷不食C.头眩心悸D.苔黄腻E.脉滑........................................................................答案:109.D110.下列哪项不是脾胃虚寒型呕吐的症状A.饮食不多即呕吐B.朝食暮吐C.面色晄白D.四肢不温E.呕吐时作时止........................................................................答案:110.B111.除下列哪项外,都与呕吐的发生有关A.肝B.脾C.心D.肺E.胃........................................................................答案:111.C112.噎膈的发病机理主要是A.脾胃俱伤B.肺胃两伤C.气血郁结D.本虚标实E.气痰瘀交结,阻于食管、胃脘........................................................................答案:112.E113.首先指出噎膈的基本病理为“脘管狭窄”者是A.叶天士B.徐灵胎C.张景岳D.王清任E.朱丹溪........................................................................答案:113.A114.噎膈的后期治疗原则主要是A.补气温阳B.理气C.化痰D.降火E.健脾........................................................................答案:114.A115.胸膈疼痛,食不得下,或虽下而复吐出,甚至水饮难下,大便坚如羊粪,或吐出物如赤小豆,形体消瘦,肌肤枯燥,舌红少津,或舌质紫暗,脉细涩,其治法为A.开郁化痰,润燥降气B.滋养津液,泻热散结C.破结行瘀,滋阴养血D.温补脾肾,益气回阳E.养阴生津,和胃降逆........................................................................答案:115.C116.治疗噎膈时,时刻要考虑的是A.开郁化痰B.破血行瘀C.补气养血D.顾护津液及胃气E.温补脾胃........................................................................答案:116.D117.长期吞咽受阻,饮食不下,面色晄白,精神疲惫,形寒气短,面浮足肿,泛吐清涎,腹胀便溏,舌淡苔白,脉细弱,诊为A.脾胃虚弱型呕吐B.中虚有寒型反胃C.脾阳虚衰型水肿D.胃阴不足型呕吐E.气虚阳微型噎膈........................................................................答案:117.E118.治疗津亏热结型噎膈的主方为A.通幽汤B.沙参麦冬汤C.启膈散D.玉枢丹E.补气运脾汤........................................................................答案:118.B119.瘀血内结型噎膈的治疗主方是A.启膈散B.沙参麦冬汤C.血府逐瘀汤D.五汁安中饮E.通幽汤........................................................................答案:119.E120.呃声沉缓,膈间及胃脘不舒,遇寒加剧,得热则减,舌质白润,脉沉缓,证属A.胃寒呃逆B.阴虚呃逆C.阳虚呃逆D.胃热呃逆E.气机郁滞........................................................................答案:120.A121.呃逆的病理主要是A.胃失和降,气逆于上B.胃失和降,胃气上逆动膈C.阳明腑实,气不顺行D.肝气逆乘犯胃E.耗伤中气,胃失和降........................................................................答案:121.B122.下列哪项不是胃火上逆型呃逆的主症A.呃逆连声,胸胁胀闷B.呃声洪亮,冲逆而出C.口臭烦渴,多喜冷饮D.小便短赤,大便秘结E.舌苔黄燥,脉滑数........................................................................答案:122.A123.下列哪项不是气机郁滞型呃逆的主症A.呃逆连声,胸胁胀闷B.常因情志不畅而诱发或加重C.暖气纳减,肠鸣矢气D.得热则减,遇寒愈甚E.舌苔薄腻,脉弦滑........................................................................答案:123.D124.脾胃阳虚型呃逆的特征是A.呃声沉缓B.呃声洪亮C.呃声连声D.呃声低长E.呃声短促........................................................................答案:124.D125.气机郁滞型呃逆的治疗当用A.丁香散B.沉香散C.五磨饮子D.苏子降气汤E.丁香透膈散........................................................................答案:125.C126.下列何者为寒性腹痛的疼痛特点A.腹部胀痛,攻窜不定B.腹痛绵绵,时作时止C.腹部胀满,疼痛拒按D.腹痛急暴,得温痛减E.饥则痛甚,得食稍减........................................................................答案:126.D127.腹痛绵绵,时作时止,痛时喜按者为A.气痛B.虚痛C.寒痛D.虫痛E.热痛........................................................................答案:127.B128.感受寒邪引起腹痛的病机为A.气滞血瘀B.寒凝气滞C.寒凝血瘀D.寒凝痰瘀E.气滞痰瘀........................................................................答案:128.B129.瘀血内停型腹痛宜选方A.血府逐瘀汤B.少腹逐瘀汤C.复元活血汤D.失笑散E.桃红四物汤........................................................................答案:129.B130.肝郁气滞型腹痛宜选方A.柴胡疏肝散B.半夏厚朴汤C.大四七汤D.金铃子散E.香连丸........................................................................答案:130.A131.湿热壅滞型腹痛宜选方A.大承气汤B.玉女煎C.龙胆泻肝汤D.大黄黄连泻心汤E.泻青丸........................................................................答案:131.A132.肾阳不足,寒邪内侵的腹痛特点是A.少腹拘急冷痛B.腹中冷痛C.脐中痛不可忍D.腹中雷鸣切痛E.脘腹胀满疼痛........................................................................答案:132.C133.腹痛的临床辨证,应明辨A.阴阳气血虚实邪正B.阴阳表里寒热虚实C.标本邪正寒热虚实D.寒热虚实,在气在血,在脏在腑E.标本邪正,在气在血,在表在里........................................................................答案:133.D134.腹痛病因病机与下列何项无关A.外感时邪B.饮食不节C.情志失调D.阳气素虚E.年高体虚........................................................................答案:134.E135.泄泻在《内经》中称为A.下利B.下痢C.滞下D.泄E.泻........................................................................答案:135.D136.治泻九法是哪一部书提出的A.《医贯》B.《伤寒论》C.《医宗必读》D.《医学心悟》E.《医学三字经》........................................................................答案:136.C137.导致泄泻发生的重要因素在于A.脾胃虚弱B.肾阳虚衰C.感受外邪D.食滞肠胃E.脾虚湿盛........................................................................答案:137.E138.治疗泄泻初起不宜A.分利B.消导C.疏解D.清化E.固涩........................................................................答案:138.E139.治疗久泻,不宜过用A.分利B.健脾C.补肾D.升提E.固涩
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