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1、.210-211页表1-1 生长猪自由采食情况下对日粮中钙、磷、氨基酸的需要量(90%干物质) 体重(kg)5771111252550净能(kcal/kg)2448244824122475有效消化能(kcal/kg)3542354234903402有效代谢能(kcal/kg)3400340033503300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)904159230334959采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)2804939531582体增重(g/day)210335585758体蛋白沉积(g/day)-128 钙与磷(%)总钙0.850.800.700.66磷的标准总肠道消化率0.450.4

2、00.330.31磷的表观总肠道消化率0.410.360.290.26总磷0.700.650.600.56以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.680.610.560.45组氨酸0.520.460.420.34异亮氨酸0.770.690.630.51亮氨酸1.501.351.230.99赖氨酸1.501.351.230.98蛋氨酸0.430.390.360.28蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.820.740.680.55苯丙氨酸0.880.790.720.59苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸1.381.251.140.92苏氨酸0.880.790.730.59色氨酸0.250.220.200.17缬氨酸0.950.8

3、60.780.64总氮3.102.802.562.11以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.640.570.510.41组氨酸0.490.440.400.32异亮氨酸0.740.660.600.49亮氨酸1.451.301.180.94赖氨酸1.451.311.190.94蛋氨酸0.420.380.340.27蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.790.710.650.53苯丙氨酸0.850.760.690.56苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸1.321.191.080.87苏氨酸0.810.730.670.54色氨酸0.230.210.190.16缬氨酸0.890.800.730.59总氮2.842.552.321.

4、88 以总氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.750.680.620.50组氨酸0.580.530.480.39异亮氨酸0.880.790.730.59亮氨酸1.711.541.411.13赖氨酸1.701.531.401.12蛋氨酸0.490.440.400.32蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.960.870.790.65苯丙氨酸1.010.910.830.68苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸1.601.441.321.08苏氨酸1.050.950.870.72色氨酸0.280.250.230.19缬氨酸1.101.000.910.75总氮3.633.293.022.51212-213页表1-2 生长猪自由采食情况下每日每头钙

5、、磷、氨基酸的需要量(90%干物质) 体重(kg)5771111252550净能(kcal/kg)2448244824122475有效消化能(kcal/kg)3542354234903402有效代谢能(kcal/kg)3400340033503300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)904159230334959采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)2804939531582体增重(g/day)210335585758体蛋白沉积(g/day)-128 钙与磷(g/day)总钙2.263.756.349.87磷的标准总肠道消化率1.201.872.994.59磷的表观总肠道消化率1.091.

6、692.633.90总磷1.863.045.438.47以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 1.82.95.16.8组氨酸1.42.23.85.1异亮氨酸2.03.25.77.7亮氨酸4.06.311.114.9赖氨酸4.06.311.114.8蛋氨酸1.21.83.24.3蛋氨酸+胱氨酸2.23.56.18.3苯丙氨酸2.33.76.68.8苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸3.75.810.313.8苏氨酸2.33.76.68.9色氨酸0.71.01.82.5缬氨酸2.54.07.19.6总氮8.313.123.231.7以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 1.72.74.76.1

7、组氨酸1.32.13.64.8异亮氨酸2.03.15.57.3亮氨酸3.86.110.714.1赖氨酸3.96.110.714.1蛋氨酸1.11.83.14.1蛋氨酸+胱氨酸2.13.35.97.9苯丙氨酸2.33.66.38.4苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸3.55.69.813.1苏氨酸2.23.46.08.1色氨酸0.61.01.72.3缬氨酸2.43.76.68.8总氮7.612.021.028.3 以总氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 2.03.25.67.6组氨酸1.62.54.45.9异亮氨酸2.33.76.68.9亮氨酸4.67.212.717.0赖氨酸4.57.212.616.9蛋氨酸1.

8、32.13.64.9蛋氨酸+胱氨酸2.54.17.29.8苯丙氨酸2.74.37.510.2苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸4.26.812.016.2苏氨酸2.84.47.910.8色氨酸0.71.22.12.9缬氨酸2.94.78.311.3总氮9.715.427.337.7214-215页表2-1 生长阎猪、小母猪、未去势公猪自由采食的情况下对日粮中钙、磷、氨基酸的需要量(90%干物质)体重(kg)50-7575-100性别阎猪小母猪 未去势公猪阎猪净能(kcal/kg)2475247524752475有效消化能(kcal/kg)3402340234023402有效代谢能(kcal/kg)3300330

9、033003300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)7282665864668603采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)2323212420622744体增重(g/day)917866872936体蛋白沉积(g/day)145145150139 钙与磷(%)总钙0.560.610.640.50磷的标准总肠道消化率0.260.280.300.23磷的表观总肠道消化率0.220.240.250.19总磷0.500.530.550.45以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.370.400.400.32组氨酸0.280.300.300.24异亮氨酸0.430.460.460.37亮氨酸0.

10、820.880.890.70赖氨酸0.810.870.880.69蛋氨酸0.230.250.260.20蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.460.490.500.40苯丙氨酸0.490.520.530.42苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.760.820.830.66苏氨酸0.500.530.540.44色氨酸0.140.150.150.12缬氨酸0.530.570.580.46总氮1.761.881.191.54以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.330.350.360.28组氨酸0.260.280.290.22异亮氨酸0.400.430.440.34亮氨酸0.770.830.840.66赖氨酸0.770.83

11、0.840.65蛋氨酸0.220.240.240.19蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.440.470.470.38苯丙氨酸0.460.490.500.39苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.720.770.780.62苏氨酸0.450.480.490.39色氨酸0.130.140.140.11缬氨酸0.480.520.530.42总氮1.551.661.691.33 以总氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.420.450.460.37组氨酸0.320.350.350.28异亮氨酸0.500.530.540.43亮氨酸0.941.001.020.81赖氨酸0.930.991.010.80蛋氨酸0.270.290.290.23蛋氨酸

12、+胱氨酸0.550.580.590.48苯丙氨酸0.560.600.610.49苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.900.960.980.79苏氨酸0.610.650.660.54色氨酸0.160.1717.000.14缬氨酸0.630.670.680.55总氮2.122.252.281.86216-217页表2-2 生长阎猪、小母猪、未去势公猪自由采食的情况下对日粮中钙、磷、氨基酸的需要量(90%干物质)体重(kg)50-7575-100性别阎猪小母猪 未去势公猪阎猪净能(kcal/kg)2475247524752475有效消化能(kcal/kg)3402340234023402有效代谢能(kcal/kg

13、)3300330033003300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)7282665864668603采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)2323212420622744体增重(g/day)917866872936体蛋白沉积(g/day)145145150139 钙与磷(g/day)总钙12.2712.2212.5912.91磷的标准总肠道消化率5.715.685.856.00磷的表观总肠道消化率4.814.814.975.04总磷10.9510.6510.7711.85 以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 8.28.07.98.3组氨酸6.16.06.06.2异亮氨酸9.49

14、.29.19.6亮氨酸18.017.717.518.3赖氨酸17.817.517.318.1蛋氨酸5.15.05.05.2蛋氨酸+胱氨酸10.29.99.810.4苯丙氨酸10.710.510.410.9苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸16.816.516.317.2苏氨酸11.110.810.611.6色氨酸3.13.03.03.2缬氨酸11.711.411.312.0总氮38.937.937.440.1以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 7.27.17.17.2组氨酸5.85.75.65.8异亮氨酸8.88.68.58.9亮氨酸17.016.716.517.1赖氨酸16.916.716.51

15、7.1蛋氨酸4.94.84.84.9蛋氨酸+胱氨酸9.69.49.39.8苯丙氨酸10.19.99.810.2苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸15.915.615.416.1苏氨酸9.99.79.510.2色氨酸2.82.82.72.9缬氨酸10.710.510.310.8总氮34.133.533.134.6 以总氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 9.39.08.99.5组氨酸7.27.06.97.3异亮氨酸11.010.710.511.3亮氨酸20.720.320.021.1赖氨酸20.520.119.920.9蛋氨酸5.95.85.86.1蛋氨酸+胱氨酸12.111.811.612.5苯丙氨酸12.412

16、.112.012.7苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸19.919.419.220.5苏氨酸13.513.112.814.2色氨酸3.53.43.43.7缬氨酸13.913.513.314.3总氮46.745.444.748.5218-219页表3-1 从25-125kg不同体蛋白沉积量的不同体重的猪在自由采食的情况下对日粮中钙、磷、氨基酸的需要量(90%干物质)体重(kg)50-7575-100平均蛋白沉积量(g/day)115135155115净能(kcal/kg)2475247524752475有效消化能(kcal/kg)3402340234023402有效代谢能(kcal/kg)330033003300

17、3300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)6980698969828254采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)2226222922272633体增重(g/day)817900982842体蛋白沉积(g/day)125147168121 钙与磷(%)总钙0.510.590.660.46磷的标准总肠道消化率0.240.270.310.21磷的表观总肠道消化率0.200.230.260.18总磷0.470.520.560.43以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.360.390.410.31组氨酸0.270.290.310.23异亮氨酸0.410.450.470.36亮氨酸0.790.8

18、50.910.68赖氨酸0.780.850.910.67蛋氨酸0.220.240.260.19蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.450.480.510.39苯丙氨酸0.470.510.540.41苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.740.800.850.64苏氨酸0.490.520.550.43色氨酸0.140.150.160.12缬氨酸0.510.550.590.45总氮1.711.841.951.50以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.310.340.370.26组氨酸0.250.270.290.22异亮氨酸0.380.420.450.33亮氨酸0.740.810.870.64赖氨酸0.740.810.870

19、.63蛋氨酸0.210.230.250.18蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.420.460.490.37苯丙氨酸0.440.480.510.38苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.690.750.800.60苏氨酸0.440.470.500.38色氨酸0.120.130.140.11缬氨酸0.470.510.540.40总氮1.501.621.731.29 以总氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.410.440.470.35组氨酸0.310.340.360.27异亮氨酸0.480.520.550.42亮氨酸0.900.981.050.78赖氨酸0.890.971.040.78蛋氨酸0.260.280.300.23蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0

20、.530.570.610.47苯丙氨酸0.540.590.630.48苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.870.941.000.77苏氨酸0.600.640.670.53色氨酸0.160.170.180.14缬氨酸0.610.650.690.53总氮2.052.202.331.82220-221页表3-2 从25-125kg不同体蛋白沉积量的不同体重的猪在自由采食的情况下每日每头钙、磷、氨基酸的需要量(90%干物质)体重(kg)50-7575-100平均蛋白沉积量(g/day)115135155115净能(kcal/kg)2475247524752475有效消化能(kcal/kg)3402340234023

21、402有效代谢能(kcal/kg)3300330033003300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)6980698969828254采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)2226222922272633体增重(g/day)817900982842体蛋白沉积(g/day)125147168121 钙与磷(g/day)总钙10.8012.4313.9911.45磷的标准总肠道消化率5.025.786.515.33磷的表观总肠道消化率4.214.895.544.44总磷9.9110.9211.8810.80以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 7.58.28.87.7组氨酸5.66.2

22、6.65.8异亮氨酸8.79.410.09.0亮氨酸16.618.119.317.0赖氨酸16.417.919.216.8蛋氨酸4.75.25.54.8蛋氨酸+胱氨酸9.410.210.89.8苯丙氨酸9.910.811.510.2苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸15.616.918.016.0苏氨酸10.411.111.710.9色氨酸2.93.13.33.0缬氨酸10.911.712.511.2总氮36.239.041.337.5以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 6.67.37.86.6组氨酸5.35.86.25.4异亮氨酸8.18.99.58.3亮氨酸15.617.118.315.9赖氨

23、酸15.617.118.315.8蛋氨酸4.54.95.34.6蛋氨酸+胱氨酸8.99.710.39.2苯丙氨酸9.310.110.89.5苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸14.715.917.015.0苏氨酸9.29.910.59.6色氨酸2.62.83.02.7缬氨酸9.910.711.410.1总氮31.634.336.632.3 以总氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 8.69.39.98.9组氨酸6.67.27.76.8异亮氨酸10.211.011.610.6亮氨酸19.120.822.219.6赖氨酸18.920.622.019.4蛋氨酸5.56.06.45.7蛋氨酸+胱氨酸11.212.112.8

24、11.7苯丙氨酸11.512.513.311.9苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸18.520.021.219.2苏氨酸12.613.414.113.3色氨酸3.33.53.73.4缬氨酸12.913.914.713.4总氮43.546.649.245.5222-223页表4-1 未去势公猪接种促性腺激素释放激素或饲喂克莱多巴胺和阎猪、小母猪饲喂莱克多巴胺在自由采食的情况下对日两中钙、磷、氨基酸的需要量(90%干物质)接种的未去势公猪饲喂5ppm莱克多巴胺的未去势公猪体重(kg)105-135115-135净能(kcal/kg)24752475有效消化能(kcal/kg)34023402有效代谢能(kcal/k

25、g)33003300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)102038722采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)32552782体增重(g/day)10231029体蛋白沉积(g/day)137187钙与磷(%)总钙0.470.71磷的标准总肠道消化率0.220.33磷的表观总肠道消化率0.180.28总磷0.430.59以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.270.42组氨酸0.200.31异亮氨酸0.320.51亮氨酸0.600.93赖氨酸0.590.94蛋氨酸0.170.28蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.350.54苯丙氨酸0.360.56苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.570.88苏氨酸0.390.5

26、7色氨酸0.110.17缬氨酸0.400.61总氮1.331.96以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.230.37组氨酸0.190.29异亮氨酸0.290.48亮氨酸0.560.89赖氨酸0.560.90蛋氨酸0.160.27蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.320.51苯丙氨酸0.330.53苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.530.84苏氨酸0.340.52色氨酸0.090.15缬氨酸0.350.56总氮1.131.74 以总氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.320.47组氨酸0.240.36异亮氨酸0.380.59亮氨酸0.701.07赖氨酸0.691.08蛋氨酸0.200.32蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.420.63苯

27、丙氨酸0.420.64苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.681.04苏氨酸0.480.69色氨酸0.120.19缬氨酸0.480.72总氮1.622.34224-225页表4-2 未去势公猪接种促性腺激素释放激素或饲喂克莱多巴胺和阎猪、小母猪饲喂莱克多巴胺在自由采食的情况下对日两中钙、磷、氨基酸的需要量(90%干物质)接种的未去势公猪饲喂5ppm莱克多巴胺的未去势公猪体重(kg)105-135115-135净能(kcal/kg)24752475有效消化能(kcal/kg)34023402有效代谢能(kcal/kg)33003300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)102038722采食量+消耗量估测

28、值(g/day)32552782体增重(g/day)10231029体蛋白沉积(g/day)137187钙与磷(g/day)总钙14.4418.73磷的标准总肠道消化率6.728.71磷的表观总肠道消化率5.637.44总磷13.3815.61以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 8.411.0组氨酸6.38.2异亮氨酸9.813.4亮氨酸18.624.7赖氨酸18.324.9蛋氨酸5.37.3蛋氨酸+胱氨酸10.714.2苯丙氨酸11.214.7苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸17.623.3苏氨酸12.015.2色氨酸3.34.4缬氨酸12.316.1总氮41.151.8以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为

29、基础(g/day)精氨酸 7.19.9组氨酸5.97.7异亮氨酸9.012.6亮氨酸17.323.4赖氨酸17.223.8蛋氨酸5.07.0蛋氨酸+胱氨酸10.013.5苯丙氨酸10.313.9苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸16.322.1苏氨酸10.513.7色氨酸2.94.0缬氨酸10.914.8总氮34.945.9 以总氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 9.812.4组氨酸7.69.5异亮氨酸11.615.5亮氨酸21.528.3赖氨酸21.428.5蛋氨酸6.38.4蛋氨酸+胱氨酸12.916.8苯丙氨酸13.117.0苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸21.127.4苏氨酸14.818.3色氨酸3.84.9缬氨酸1

30、4.718.9总氮50.261.8226页表5-1 生长猪在自由采食的情况下对日粮中矿物质、维生素、脂肪酸的需要量(90%干物质)体重(kg)5771111252550净能(kcal/kg)2448244824122475有效消化能(kcal/kg)3542354234903402有效代谢能(kcal/kg)3400340033503300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)904159230334959采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)2804939531582体增重(g/day)210335585758体蛋白沉积(g/day)-128 每千克日粮中矿物元素需要量(%)钠(%)0.40

31、0.350.280.10氯(%)0.500.450.320.08镁(%)0.040.040.040.04钾(%)0.300.280.260.23铜(mg/kg)6.006.005.004.00碘(mg/kg)0.140.140.140.14铁(mg/kg)100.00100.00100.0060.00锰(mg/kg)4.004.003.002.00硒(mg/kg)0.300.300.250.20锌(mg/kg)1001008060 维生素需要量维生素A(IU/kg)2200220017501300维生素D(IU/kg)220220200150维生素E(IU/kg)16161111维生素K(mg

32、/kg)0.500.500.500.50生物素(mg/kg)0.080.050.050.05胆碱(g/kg)0.600.500.400.30叶酸(mg/kg)0.300.300.300.30可利用尼克酸(mg/kg)30.0030.0030.0030.00泛酸(mg/kg)12.0010.009.008.00核黄素(mg/kg)4.003.503.002.50维生素B1(mg/kg)1.501.001.001.00维生素B6(mg/kg)7.007.003.001.00维生素B12(g/kg)20.0017.5015.0010.00亚油酸(%)0.100.100.100.10227页表5-2

33、生长猪在自由采食的情况下每日矿物质、维生素、脂肪酸的需要量(90%干物质)体重(kg)5771111252550净能(kcal/kg)2448244824122475有效消化能(kcal/kg)3542354234903402有效代谢能(kcal/kg)3400340033503300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)904159230334959采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)2804939531582体增重(g/day)210335585758体蛋白沉积(g/day)-128每日矿物元素需要量钠(g)1.061.642.531.50氯(g)1.332.112.901.20镁(g)

34、0.110.190.360.60钾(g)0.801.312.353.46铜(mg)1.602.814.536.01碘(mg)0.040.070.130.21铁(mg)26.6046.8090.5090.20锰(mg)1.061.872.723.01硒(mg)0.080.140.230.30锌(mg)26.6046.8072.4090.20 每日维生素需要量维生素A(IU)585103015841954维生素D(IU)59103181225维生素E(IU)4.307.5010.0016.50维生素K(mg)0.130.230.450.75生物素(mg)0.020.020.050.08胆碱(g)0

35、.160.230.360.45叶酸(mg)0.080.140.270.45可利用尼克酸(mg)7.8914.0527.1645.09泛酸(mg)3.194.688.1512.02核黄素(mg)1.061.642.723.76维生素B1(mg)0.400.470.911.50维生素B6(mg)1.863.282.721.50维生素B12(g)5.328.2013.5815.03亚油酸(g)0.300.500.901.50228-229页表6-1 妊娠母猪日粮中钙、磷、氨基酸的需要量(90%干物质)配种体重(kg)1(140)2(165)妊娠期体增重(kg)6560预期窝产仔数12.513.5妊娠

36、天数 9090净能(kcal/kg)2518251825182518有效消化能(kcal/kg)3388338833883388有效代谢能(kcal/kg)3300330033003300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)6678793269288182采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)2130253022102610体增重(g/day)578543539481 钙与磷(%)总钙0.610.830.540.78磷的标准总肠道消化率0.270.360.240.34磷的表观总肠道消化率0.230.310.200.29总磷0.490.620.450.58以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸

37、 0.280.370.230.32组氨酸0.180.220.150.19异亮氨酸0.300.360.250.32亮氨酸0.470.650.400.57赖氨酸0.520.690.440.61蛋氨酸0.150.200.120.17蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.340.450.290.40苯丙氨酸0.290.380.250.34苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.500.660.430.58苏氨酸0.370.480.330.43色氨酸0.090.130.080.12缬氨酸0.370.490.320.43总氮1.321.791.151.61以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.230.320.190.28组氨酸0.170

38、.210.140.18异亮氨酸0.270.340.230.29亮氨酸0.430.600.360.53赖氨酸0.490.660.400.57蛋氨酸0.140.190.110.16蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.320.430.270.38苯丙氨酸0.260.350.220.31苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.460.620.390.54苏氨酸0.320.430.280.38色氨酸0.080.120.070.11缬氨酸0.330.440.280.39总氮1.121.580.951.41 以总氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.320.420.270.37组氨酸0.220.270.190.23异亮氨酸0.360.430.310.3

39、8亮氨酸0.550.750.470.66赖氨酸0.610.800.520.71蛋氨酸0.180.230.150.20蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.410.540.360.48苯丙氨酸0.340.440.290.40苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.610.790.530.70苏氨酸0.460.580.410.53色氨酸0.110.150.100.14缬氨酸0.450.580.390.52总氮1.622.151.421.95230-231页表6-2 妊娠母猪每日钙、磷、氨基酸的需要量(90%干物质)配种体重(kg)1(140)2(165)妊娠期体增重(kg)6560预期窝产仔数12.513.5妊娠天数 9090净能(kc

40、al/kg)2518251825182518有效消化能(kcal/kg)3388338833883388有效代谢能(kcal/kg)3300330033003300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)6678793269288182采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)2130253022102610体增重(g/day)578543539481 钙与磷(g/day)总钙12.4219.9411.4219.31磷的标准总肠道消化率5.408.674.968.39磷的表观总肠道消化率4.617.494.227.25总磷9.9114.789.4014.45以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(g/day)精

41、氨酸 5.68.84.87.9组氨酸3.75.43.24.8异亮氨酸6.18.85.37.9亮氨酸9.615.68.514.2赖氨酸10.616.79.215.1蛋氨酸3.04.72.64.3蛋氨酸+胱氨酸6.810.86.110.0苯丙氨酸5.89.15.18.4苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸10.115.99.014.5苏氨酸7.611.56.910.7色氨酸1.93.21.73.0缬氨酸7.511.86.710.8总氮26.843.124.140.1以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 4.77.83.96.9组氨酸3.45.02.94.4异亮氨酸5.58.14.87.3亮氨酸8.714.

42、57.613.1赖氨酸9.915.88.514.1蛋氨酸2.74.52.34.0蛋氨酸+胱氨酸6.410.25.79.4苯丙氨酸5.38.54.67.7苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸9.414.98.213.5苏氨酸6.610.35.99.4色氨酸1.62.91.52.7缬氨酸6.610.75.89.6总氮22.737.920.034.9 以总氨基酸为基础(d/day)精氨酸 6.510.05.79.1组氨酸4.46.43.95.7异亮氨酸7.210.36.49.4亮氨酸11.117.99.916.5赖氨酸12.419.311.017.5蛋氨酸3.65.63.15.1蛋氨酸+胱氨酸8.312.97.512.

43、0苯丙氨酸6.910.76.19.8苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸12.318.911.017.4苏氨酸9.414.08.613.2色氨酸2.23.62.03.4缬氨酸9.014.08.112.9总氮32.751.729.848.4232-233页 表7-1 哺乳母猪日粮中钙、磷、氨基酸的需要量(90%干物质)胎次12+产后体重(kg)175175175210产子数11111111.5哺乳天数21212121仔猪平均日增重(g)190230270190净能(kcal/kg)2518251825182518有效消化能(kcal/kg)3388338833883388有效代谢能(kcal/kg)33003300

44、33003300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)18.718.718.720.7采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)5.955.955.936.61预期母猪体重变化(kg)1.5-7.7-17.43.7钙与磷(%)总钙0.630.710.800.60磷的标准总肠道消化率0.310.360.400.30磷的表观总肠道消化率0.270.310.350.26总磷0.560.620.670.54以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.430.440.460.42组氨酸0.300.320.340.29异亮氨酸0.410.450.490.40亮氨酸0.830.921.000.80赖氨酸0.75

45、0.810.870.72蛋氨酸0.200.210.230.19蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.390.430.470.38苯丙氨酸0.410.440.480.39苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.830.910.990.80苏氨酸0.470.510.550.46色氨酸0.140.150.170.13缬氨酸0.640.690.740.61总氮1.621.731.861.56以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.390.400.410.38组氨酸0.280.300.330.27异亮氨酸0.390.420.460.37亮氨酸0.790.870.950.76赖氨酸0.710.770.830.68蛋氨酸0.190.200.

46、220.18蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.370.410.440.36苯丙氨酸0.380.410.450.36苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.780.860.950.75苏氨酸0.420.460.500.41色氨酸0.130.140.160.12缬氨酸0.580.640.690.56总氮1.401.521.641.35以总氨基酸为基础(%)精氨酸 0.480.500.510.47组氨酸0.350.370.400.34异亮氨酸0.490.520.560.47亮氨酸0.961.051.150.92赖氨酸0.860.931.000.83蛋氨酸0.230.250.270.23蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.470.510.550.46苯丙

47、氨酸0.470.510.550.46苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.981.071.160.94苏氨酸0.580.620.670.56色氨酸0.160.180.190.15缬氨酸0.750.810.870.72总氮1.952.082.221.89234-235 表7-2 哺乳母猪每日钙、磷、氨基酸的需要量(90%干物质)胎次12+产后体重(kg)175175175210产子数11111111.5哺乳天数21212121仔猪平均日增重(g)190230270190净能(kcal/kg)2518251825182518有效消化能(kcal/kg)3388338833883388有效代谢能(kcal/kg)33

48、00330033003300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)18.718.718.720.7采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)6.06.05.96.6预期母猪体重变化(kg)1.5-7.7-17.43.7钙与磷(g/d)总钙35.340.345.037.7磷的标准总肠道消化率17.720.122.618.9磷的表观总肠道消化率15.117.319.616.1总磷31.634.838.134.1以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 24.325.126.026.3组氨酸16.918.219.518.1异亮氨酸23.425.527.525.1亮氨酸47.151.956.750.

49、3赖氨酸42.245.749.345.3蛋氨酸11.312.213.112.1蛋氨酸+胱氨酸22.324.326.423.8苯丙氨酸22.924.927.024.5苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸46.951.656.350.1苏氨酸26.829.031.328.8色氨酸7.98.79.68.4缬氨酸35.938.942.038.5总氮91.198.1105.297.9以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 21.822.623.523.6组氨酸15.917.218.517.1异亮氨酸21.923.926.023.4亮氨酸44.549.254.047.4赖氨酸40.043.547.042.9蛋氨酸1

50、0.711.612.511.4蛋氨酸+胱氨酸21.022.924.922.4苯丙氨酸21.323.325.422.8苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸44.348.953.547.2苏氨酸23.826.028.125.5色氨酸7.28.18.97.7缬氨酸33.036.039.035.4总氮79.285.992.884.8以总氨基酸为基础(g/day)精氨酸 27.328.229.129.6组氨酸19.721.122.521.1异亮氨酸27.429.631.929.4亮氨酸54.159.565.057.8赖氨酸48.752.656.552.4蛋氨酸13.214.215.114.2蛋氨酸+胱氨酸26.729.03

51、1.328.7苯丙氨酸26.729.031.328.6苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸55.360.565.859.1苏氨酸32.735.337.935.2色氨酸9.09.910.99.6缬氨酸42.245.749.245.3总氮109.9117.8125.8118.4236表8-1 妊娠母猪、哺乳母猪对日粮矿物元素、维生素和脂肪酸的需要量(90%干物质)妊娠母猪 哺乳母猪净能(kcal/kg)25182518有效消化能(kcal/kg)33883388有效代谢能(kcal/kg)33003300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)692819700采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)22106280 每

52、千克日粮中矿物元素需要量钠(%)0.150.20氯(%)0.120.16镁(%)0.060.06钾(%)0.200.20铜(mg/kg)10.0020.00碘(mg/kg)0.140.14铁(mg/kg)80.0080.00锰(mg/kg)25.0025.00硒(mg/kg)0.150.15锌(mg/kg)100100 维生素需要量维生素A(IU/kg)40002000维生素D(IU/kg)800800维生素E(IU/kg)4444维生素K(mg/kg)0.500.50生物素(mg/kg)0.200.20胆碱(g/kg)1.251.00叶酸(mg/kg)1.301.30可利用尼克酸(mg/kg

53、)10.0010.00泛酸(mg/kg)12.0012.00核黄素(mg/kg)3.753.75维生素B1(mg/kg)1.001.00维生素B6(mg/kg)1.001.00维生素B12(g/kg)15.0015.00亚油酸(%)0.100.10237-238页表8-2 妊娠母猪、哺乳母猪每日每头矿物元素、维生素和脂肪酸的需要量(90%干物质)妊娠母猪 哺乳母猪净能(kcal/kg)25182518有效消化能(kcal/kg)33883388有效代谢能(kcal/kg)33003300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)692819700采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)2210628

54、0 每日矿物元素需要量钠(g)3.1511.93氯(g)2.529.55镁(g)1.263.58钾(g)4.2011.93铜(mg)21.00119.32碘(mg)0.290.84铁(mg)168.00477.30锰(mg)52.49149.15硒(mg)0.310.89锌(mg)210.00596.60 维生素需要量维生素A(IU)839811932维生素D(IU)16804773维生素E(IU)92.40262.50维生素K(mg)1.052.98生物素(mg)0.421.19胆碱(g)2.625.97叶酸(mg)2.737.76可利用尼克酸(mg)21.0059.66泛酸(mg)25.1

55、971.59核黄素(mg)7.8722.37维生素B1(mg)2.105.97维生素B6(mg)2.105.97维生素B12(g)31.4989.49亚油酸(g)2.106.00237-238页表9 配种公猪对日粮/每日每头氨基酸、矿物元素、维生素和脂肪酸的需要量(90%干物质)净能(kcal/kg)2475有效消化能(kcal/kg)3402有效代谢能(kcal/kg)3300有效代谢能摄入量估测值(kcal/day)7838采食量+消耗量估测值(g/day)2500每千克日粮中含量每日需要量以真回肠可消化氨基酸为基础精氨酸 0.20%4.86g组氨酸0.15%3.46g异亮氨酸0.31%7

56、.41g亮氨酸0.33%7.83g赖氨酸0.51%11.99g蛋氨酸0.08%1.96g蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.25%5.98g苯丙氨酸0.36%8.50g苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.58%13.77g苏氨酸0.22%5.19g色氨酸0.20%4.82g缬氨酸0.27%6.25g总氮1.14%27.04g 以表观回肠可消化氨基酸为基础精氨酸 0.16%3.86g组氨酸0.13%3.16g异亮氨酸0.29%6.81g亮氨酸0.29%6.84g赖氨酸0.47%11.13g蛋氨酸0.07%1.72g蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.23%5.55g苯丙氨酸0.33%7.86g苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.54%12.81g苏氨酸0.17%

57、4.15g色氨酸0.19%4.52g缬氨酸0.23%5.58g总氮0.94%22.40g以总氨基酸为基础精氨酸 0.25%5.83g组氨酸0.18%4.30g异亮氨酸0.37%8.81g亮氨酸0.39%9.20g赖氨酸0.60%14.25g蛋氨酸0.11%2.55g蛋氨酸+胱氨酸0.31%7.44g苯丙氨酸0.42%9.96g苯丙氨酸+酪氨酸0.70%16.55g苏氨酸0.28%6.70g色氨酸0.23%5.42g缬氨酸0.34%8.01g总氮1.41%33.48g 矿物元素需要量总钙0.75%17.81g磷的标准总肠道消化率0.33%7.84g磷的表观总肠道消化率0.31%7.36g总磷0.

58、75%17.81g钠0.15%3.56g氯0.12%2.85g镁0.04%0.95g钾0.20%4.75g铜(mg)5.00mg11.88mg碘(mg)0.14mg0.33mg铁(mg)80.00mg190.00mg锰(mg)20.00mg47.50mg硒(mg)0.30mg0.71mg锌(mg)50.00mg118.75mg 维生素需要量维生素A(IU)40009500维生素D(IU)200475维生素E(IU)44.00104.50维生素K(mg)0.501.19生物素(mg)0.200.48胆碱(g)1.252.97叶酸(mg)1.303.09可利用尼克酸(mg)10.0023.75泛酸

59、(mg)12.0028.50核黄素(mg)3.758.91维生素B1(mg)1.002.38维生素B6(mg)1.002.38维生素B12(g)15.0035.63亚油酸(%)0.102.385075751001001352475247524753402340234023300330033006989826591962229263629339009178671471411220.590.520.460.270.240.210.230.210.180.520.470.430.390.330.280.290.250.210.450.390.330.850.740.620.850.730.610.2

60、40.210.180.480.420.360.510.440.370.800.690.580.520.460.400.150.130.110.550.480.411.841.611.370.340.290.240.270.240.190.420.360.300.810.690.570.810.690.570.230.200.160.460.400.330.480.410.340.750.650.540.470.410.350.130.120.100.510.440.361.621.401.160.440.380.320.340.300.250.520.450.39表1-1 生长猪自由采食情况下

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