初中英语常用不规则动词过去式(读音)与过去分词、现在分词

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《初中英语常用不规则动词过去式(读音)与过去分词、现在分词》

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 / 7初中英语常用不规则动词的过去式(读音)与过去分词、现在分词原形过去式过去分词过 去 分 词 词 尾 有ne 或en 或ndodiddonegowentgonebeatbeatbeateneatateeatenfallfellfallenblowblewblowndrawdrewdrawndrivedrovedrivengivegavegivengrowgrewgrownknowknewknowntaketooktakenmistakemistookmistakenriseroserisenseesawseenshowshowedshownthrowthrewthrownhidehidhiddenrideroderiddenwritewrotewrittenbreakbrokebrokenchoosechosechosenforgetforgotforgottenfreezefrozefrozenspeakspokespokenstealstolestolenam / iswasbeenarewerebeenflyflewflownlielaylainwearworeworn过去式与过去分词形式相同bringbroughtbroughtbuildbuiltbuiltbuyboughtboughtcatchcaughtcaughtdigdugdugfeelfeltfeltfindfoundfoundgetgotgothanghung / hangedhung / hangedhave / hashadhadholdheldheldkeepkeptkeptlaylaidlaidlearnlearnt / learnedlearnt / learnedleaveleftleftlendlentlent过去式与过去分词形式相同loselostlost原形过去式过去分词hearheardheardmakemademademeanmeantmeantmeetmetmetpaypaidpaidsaysaidsaidsellsoldsoldsendsentsentshineshone / shinedshone / shinedsitsatsatsleepsleptsleptsmellsmeltsmeltspendspentspentspillspiltspiltspitspatspatspoilspoiltspoiltstandstoodstoodsweepsweptsweptteachtaughttaughttell 「toldtoldthinkthoughtthoughtunderstandunderstoodunderstoodwakewoke / wakedwoken / wakedwinwonwon三个形式全相同costcostcostcutcutcuthithithithurthurthurtletletletputputputread /ri:d/read /red/read /red/setsetsetshutshutshuti- au 形 式beginbeganbegundrinkdrankdrunkringrangrungsingsangsungsinksanksunkswimswamswumbecomebecamebecomecomecamecomerunranrun情 态 动 词cancould一mustmust,一willwould一maymight一shallshould一注意区另1J catch, bring, think, buy, teach 这几个词的过去式与过去分词初中英语不规则动词的过去式与过去分词归纳.过去分词词尾有字母 -nfall-fell-fallenfall-fell-fallen.过去分词由原形加 do-did-done.过去分词由原形加 beat-beat-beaten.过去分词由原形加 -ne构成 go-went-gone-en构成eat-ate-eaten-n构成e后,再双写后面的辅音字母加 -ene后,再双写后面的辅音字母加 -en构成(*例外)drive-drove-driventake-took-takenshow-showed-shownwrite-wrote-writtenfreeze-froze-frozenfly-flew-flownblow-blew-blowngrow-grew-grown rise-rose-risen.过去分词由原形去字母hide-hid-hidden.过去分词由过去式加break-broke-brokensteal-stole-stolen.完全不规则形式am / is-was-been draw-drew-drawn know-knew-known see-saw-seenride-rode-ridden-n构成choose-chose-chosenare-were-been give-gave-given mistake-mistook-mistaken throw-threw-thrownforget-forgot-forgotten *speak-spoke-spokenlie-lay-lainwear-wore-worn.过去式与过去分词形式相同build-built-built feel-felt-felt hold-held-held lend-lent-lent make-made-made sell-sold-sold smell-smelt-smelt spoil-spoilt-spoilt tell-told-toldbuild-built-built feel-felt-felt hold-held-held lend-lent-lent make-made-made sell-sold-sold smell-smelt-smelt spoil-spoilt-spoilt tell-told-toldbring-brought-brought dig-dug-dughave / has-had-had lay-laid-laid hear-heard - heard say-said-said sleep-slept-slept spit-spat-spat teach-taught-taughtbuy-bought-bought find-found-found keep-kept-kept lose-lost-lost mean-meant-meant send-sent-sent spend-spent-spent stand-stood-stood think-thought-thought catch-caught-caught get-got-got leave-left-left pay-paid-paid meet-met-met sit-sat-sat spill-spilt-spilt sweep-swept-swept win-won-wonunderstand-understood-understood wake-woke / waked-woken / wakedshine-shone / shined-shone / shined hang-hung / hanged-hung / hangedlearn-learnt / learned-learnt / learned三.原形、过去式与过去分词三种形式完全相同cost-cost-costcut-cut-cuthit-hit-hithurt-hurt-hurtcost-cost-costcut-cut-cuthit-hit-hithurt-hurt-hurtlet-let-let put-put-putread /ri:d/-read /red/-read /red/set-set-setlet-let-let put-put-putread /ri:d/-read /red/-read /red/set-set-setshut-shut-shut四.i-a-u变化形式begin-began-begun sink-sank-sunk五.过去分词与原形相同drink-drank-drunk四.i-a-u变化形式begin-began-begun sink-sank-sunk五.过去分词与原形相同drink-drank-drunkswim-swam-swumring-rang-rungsing-sang-sungcome-came-comerun-ran-runbecome-became-become六.情态动词(没有过去分词形式)can-couldshall-shouldmust-mustwill-wouldcan-couldshall-shouldmust-mustwill-wouldmay-might动词过去式变化规则及其读音规则VtPABC来自:VIPABC (真人在线,实时互动 )2011-01-21 10:15:30规则动词的过去式变化如下:1、一般情况下,动词词尾加 -ed ,如:work worked playplayed wantedwanted actacted2、以不发音的-e结尾动词,动词词尾加 -d ,如:livelived movemoved tastetasted hope-hoped3、以辅音字母 + y结尾的动词,把-y变为-i再加-ed ,如:study-studied copy-copied crycried carry-carried4、以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾辅音字母,再加 -ed ,如:stop stopped5、不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强,须多加记忆。go went make made get got buy - bought come - came fly-flew不规则动词的过去式的构成.把动词原形中的i改为a,变成过去式。如:begin began, drink drank , give gave, ring rang , sing sang , sit sat , swim swam.把重读开音节中的 i改为o,变成过去式。如:drive drove , ride rode, write wrote.改动词原形中的 aw /ow为ew,变成过去式。如:draw drew, grow grew, know knew, throw threw (动词 show 除外,show showed).动词原形中的 e改为o,变成过去式。如:get — got , forget — forgot.动词原形中的 ee改为e,变成过去式。如:feed — fed , meet— met.动词原形中的 eep 改为 ept ,变成过去式。如:keep — kept , sleep — slept , sweep— swept7.动词原形中的 eak改为oke,变成过去式。如:break — broke , speak — spoke8.动词原形中的 ell 改为 old ,变成过去式。如:sell — sold , tell — told9.动词原形中的 an改为oo,变成过去式。如:stand — stood , understand — understood10.以 ought 和 aught 结尾,且读音是〔 :t 〕的过去式。如:bring — brought , buy— bought , think — thought , catch — caught , teach — taught.以ould结尾且读音为〔ud〕的情态动词过去式。如:can— could , shall — should , will — would.把动词原形中的 。改为a,变成过去式。如:come— came, become— became.在动词原形后加 d 或 t 变成过去式,并且发生音变。如:hear 〔 hi 〕— heard 〔 h :d 〕, say 〔 sei 〕— said 〔 sed 〕, mean〔 mi:n 〕— meant〔 ment〕.动词的过去式与动词原形一样。如:let — let , must— must, put— put , read — read 〔 red〕.不符合上述规律的动词过去式。如:am, is — was, are — were, build — built , do— did , eat — ate , fall — fell , feel — felt , find — found , fly — flew , go— went, have / has— had , hold — held , leave — left , make— made, may— might , run — ran , see— saw, take — took过去式“-ed”的发音规则(1)动词词尾为“ t, d”时,发/ id / 音,want -wanted (要)need -needed (需要)( 2)动词词尾为清辅音时,发 / t / 音。help fhelped (帮助)laugh flaughed (笑)look flooked (看)kiss fkissed (吻)wash fwashed (洗) watch fwatched (注视)( 3)动词词尾为 t , d 以外之浊辅音或元音时,发 / d / 音。call fcalled (叫)stayfstayed (停留)cryfcried (哭)动词第三人称单数变化规则1、大多数动词在词尾加 “S在清辅音后发音为[s],在浊辅音及元音后发音为 [z]o如:stop- stops [s] ; make- makes [s]read- reads [z] ; play- plays [z]2、以辅音字母加“肉尾的,要先将“y变为“i,”然后在加“es卖[iz]如:fly - flies [z] ; carry- carries [z]study- studies [z]; worry - worries3、以“s, x, ch, sh吉尾的,在词尾加 “es'发音为[iz]如:teach- teaches [iz]; watch- watches [iz]4、以“og尾的动词,力口 匕§”读口如:go- goes [z] do- does [z]下面几个动词变为单数时,原词的元音部分的发音发生了较大的变化,请注意记忆。如:do [du:] - does [dz]say [sei]- says [sez]以不发音字母"e结尾的开音节词,如果尾音是[s], [z]时,加"s后字母"e发音,与 所加“s”一起读做[iz] o 如: close— closes [iz]be动词包括:am, is, are。第三人称单数用is;过去式为 was;复数用are,过去 式为were.动词形式:现在进行时 的构成是:主语+be+动词ing〔现在分词〕形式动词变化规律:.直接 + ing(例:sleep+ing sleeping).去 e+ing(例:bite-e+ing biting).重读闭音节,且末尾只有1个辅音字母,双写辅音字母+ing(例:sit+t+ing sitting).特殊变化:die-dying,lie-lying , tie-tying.不规则变化常用方式:A表示现在(指说话人说话时)正在发生的事情。例: We are waiting for you.B.习惯进行:表示长期的或 重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行。例: Mr. Green is writing another novel.(说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。 )例: She is learning piano under Mr. Smith.C.已经确定或安排好的将来活动I'm leaving for a trek in Nepal next week. (已经安排了)we're flying to Paris tomorrowl 票已经拿到了)D.有些动

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