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2023年全国普通高等学校运动训练、民族传统体育专业单独统一招生考试英语第一卷〔三大题,共120分〕I.单项选择〔共20小题;每题2分,总分值40分〕1.Ifyou_____hard,youmaygetagoodjob.A.studyB.studiedC.willstudyD.havestudied2.Sheisa_____writerknownbymillionsofpeopleinthecountry.A.particularB.familiarC.popularD.similar3.Wouldyoumindtellingmewhatyouweredoing_____Friday,March13?A.duringB.onC.atD.in4.Youdidwellinthemathexam;you_____havedoneagoodjobofpreparingforit.A.willB.shouldC.wouldD.must5.Eveninwinterdays,Janelikestohavethewindow______.A.toopenB.openingC.opensD.open6.Asuccessfulmanisonewhohadachanceand_____it.A.putB.gaveC.tookD.broughtWhentheheavystormstarted,Johnandhisfamily_____thearea.A.hadleftB.leaveC.haveleftD.willleave8.Maryhasgotherselfintoasituation________shecanturntonobodyforhelp.A.whyB.whereC.whileD.which9.Atthetelephonetablehepaused,_____whethertoringthepolicestation.A.wonderingB.towonderC.wonderedD.wonder10.Thisistheonlyshirtwehavenow.Ifyoudon’twanttotake_____,youmaycomeandhavealookroundtomorrow.A.anotherB.anyC.itD.one11.Nearlyallof_____youngpeopleinterviewedbelievedthathardworkwas_____keytosuccess.A.不填;theB.不填;aC.a;不填D.the;the12.Hewasabouttounlockthedoor_____hefoundsomeonehadbrokenit.A.sinceB.afterC.whenD.until13.—CouldyoutakecareofmydogwhileI’moutoftown?—__________.A.Nevermind.B.Ithinkso.C.NoproblemD.You’rewelcome14.Michaelusdetolookhurtandsurprisedwhen______intheclassroom.A.scoldingB.scoldedC.beingtoscoldD.tobescolded15.Luckily,Ihadseentheplaybefore,_____Iknewwhatitwasabout.A.evenB.justC.forD.soWhileHelen_____outtheforms,shefoundthatherpassportwasmissing.A.wasfillingB.wouldfillC.hadfilledD.filledTheinformationyouneed_____inthehandbook.A.containB.containsC.containedD.iscontained18.Hehassuchabigdog______noonedarestogonearhishouse.A.whichB.thatC.asD.so19.—ShallIgiveyouarideasyoulivesofaraway?—Thankyou.______.A.Itcouldn’tbebetterB.OfcourseyoucanC.I’dlovetoD.Mypleasure20.Themeetinghasbeen_____untilFridaymorning.A.putawayB.putoffC.putond.putupII.完形填空。〔共10小题;每题2分,总分值20分〕阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从21至30各题所给的A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出一个最正确答案。Whenitcomestorunningmarathons〔马拉松〕,eighthours,25minutesand16secondsisnotaworldrecord.ThiswasthetimeittookFaujaSinghto21theTorontoWaterfrontMarathononSunday.ButSingh,borninIndia,isnospringchicken–he’s100yearsoldandhisrecent22hasmadehimtheworld’soldestmarathonrunner.Asarunner,Singhwasa23starter.Inhislate80s,afterthedeathsofhiswifeandson,hedecidedto24running.ForSingh,being100isjusta25.Therearen’tmanycentenarians〔百岁老人〕inquitesuchrudehealth,26theyareontheincrease.Lifeexpectancy〔预期寿命〕intheUKtodayisaround80butatotalof12,640menandwomenarenowcentenarians27just2,500in1980.Publicserviceshavetomakeimprovementsoastodealwiththis28society.Whydosomepeoplelivetosucharipeoldage?ScientistsinAmsterdammayhavecomealittlecloserto29thesecrettolonglife.Ofcourse,theycouldjustaskFaujaSingh30hissecretis.Theoldboyputshislonglifedowntoteaand“beinghappy〞.21.A.winB.celebrateC.completeD.prepare22.A.skillB.deedC.decisionD.progress23.A.lateB.lonelyC.fortunateD.normal24.A.giveupB.bringupC.setupD.takeup25.A.numberB.creditC.signD.dream26.A.orB.butC.becauseD.nuless27.A.referredtoB.sharedwithC.comparedwithD.limitedto28.A.agingB.growingC.livingD.competing29.A.followingB.consideringC.linkingD.discovering30.A.howB.whyC.whatD.whereIII.阅读理解〔共15小题;每题4分,总分值60分〕阅读以下短文,然后从各题所给的A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出一个最正确答案。ASequoiatreesareoneofthelargestandoldestoflivingthings.Someofthesetreesarethreethousandyearsold.ThegreatsequoiatreegrowsalongthewesternpartoftheSierraNevadamountainrange.Sequoiacangrowtobealmost32feettall.Anothertypeoftree,calledbonsai,growsinapotinhomes.Abonsaiisaminiature〔微型〕formofatreeasitmightbefoundinnature.Somebonsaitreeshavelivedformorethan200years.Tobeginabonsaigardenyouplantaverysmalltreeinasmallpot.Asitgrows,youcutbacktherootstokeepthetreesmall.Branchesarealsocutbackorforcedtoturninordertoformthemintoaspecialshape.Inthiswaythebranchescanbekeptfromgrowingtoolong.Abonsaitreedoesn’tgrowtobemorethan2feet.Comparethiswiththelargestlivingsequoiaknown,theGeneralShermanTreeinSequoiaNationalPark,whichmeasures275feettalland103feetaround.Nobodyevercutitsroots!Becausesequoiashavebeenaroundformillionsofyears,dinosaurs〔恐龙〕mayhaveevenrestedbeneaththem.BonsaitreeswerefirstcreatedaboutonethousandyearsagoinChinaandwereintroducedintoJapantwohundredyearslater.Wouldasequoiamakeagoodbonsaitree?Probablynot.Unless,ofcourse,youhadafewthousandyearstotakecareofit!31.Whatismentionedinthistextaboutthesequoiatree?A.Itispopularintheworld.B.Itcanbeoverthirtyfeettall.C.Itwasfoundincoastalareas.D.Itlivedathousandyearsago.32.Inwhatwayisabonsaitreedifferentfromasequoia?A.Itisapotplant.B.Itisfoundinnature.C.Itiskeptintheshade.D.Itisaplantwithoutroots.33.Whatisthefeaturethatbothasequoiaandabonsaitreehave?A.Theylooksimilarinshape.B.Theygrowinthemountain.C.Theycanliveformanyyears.D.Theygrowwellinwarmweather.34.Whichofthefollowingwouldbethemostsuitabletitleforthetext?A.TurnaSequoiaintoaBonsaiTreeB.TheLargestLivingThingsonEarthC.TreesinNationalParkD.GreatSequoiasandBonsaiTreeB.Everyoneshouldcareabouttheireyes.However,therearecertainpeoplethatshouldespeciallywearsunglasses.Theisisfortheirsafety,andthesafetyofothers.Driversshouldalwayshavesunglassehandy.Whetheryouaredrivingyourowncarorabusfullofpeople,thesuncanbeyourenemy.Therayscouldcauseyounottoseethetrafficthatstopped50feetinfrontofyou.Accidentslikethiscanbeavoidedbyalwayshavingsunglassesinyourcar.Itisveryimportantthatparentsteachtheirchildrenfromanearlyagetowearsunglasses.Inaddition,youareprotectingverydelicate〔柔弱的〕eyesaswell.Children,especiallytheveryyoung,aregrowinganddevelopingineveryway.Protectingtheireyeswithsunglassesfromthestartwillrecudethedamagetheywillpayforlaterinlife.Evenbabiescanwearsunglasses.Achildbeginstheirlifebybeingabletofocusonobjectsonlylessthantheinchesfromtheirface.Apairofbabysunglasseswillkeepharmfulraysoutofyourbaby’syoung,delicateeyes.Anyonewhospendslongtimeinthesunshouldknowtheadvantagesofsunglasses.Ifyouareextremelyinterestedinwatersportsandspendalotoftimeatthebeachoronalake,youcouldbeatgreaterrisk.Watersportsmenlikewater—skiersknowhowprotectivesunglasseswillsavealifetimeofhardship.Thesunreflecting-off〔反射〕thewaterintoyoureyescanincreasethedamage.Sodofindagoodpairofwatersunglasseswhileyouridethewaves.35.Whatdoesthewriterwanttotellthereader?A.Theimbesttimeofwearingsunglasses.C.Thetraditionofwearingsunglasses.D.Thefashionofwearingsunglasses.36.Itissuggestedinthetextthatchildrenshould_____.A.putsunglassesinasafeplaceB.formthehabitofwearingsunglassesC.havesunglassesdesignedbydoctorsD.avoidwearingsunglassesfortoolong37.Whoshouldwearsunglassesnotonlyforhisowngoodbutalsoforotherpeople’sgood?A.Water-skiers.B.Parents.C.Babies.D.Drivers.CAremenbetterdriversthanwomen?Theanswerisyes...andno.Mentakemorerisks〔风险〕.Insutdies,menasawholearelesscarefulthanwomen,suchasdrivingathigherspeedsandclosertoothercars,andnotwearingseatbelts.Theyevenmakeriskerturnsandtakelesstimewhenparking.BUT...howsomeonedrivesdoesn’tnecessarilyequalhowwellhedrives.Mendoseemtobebetterthanwomenatcertaindrivingtasks.However,thisslightedgeinabilitydoesn’ttranslateintobetterdrivingrecords.Thekindsofaccidentsmengetintoaregenerallytheresultoftheirriskierdriving.Accordingtoonestudy,menaremorethanthreetimesaslikelytobeticketedfor“riskydriving〞thanwomen,andmorethan25percentaslikelytobeatfaultinanaccident.Theabilitytomakegoodjudgementisapowerfulthing.Despitetheresearch,scientistspointoutthatit’sdifficulttodeterminewhethermenaretrulyborntobebetterdriversthanwomen,orifthey’resimplymoreconfidentintheirdrivingbecausethey’rethoughttobebetter,andthusshowbetterskills.Similarly,thetraditionalviewthatwomenareweakerdriversmayunfavourablyaffect〔影响〕theirperformancebehindthewheel.Womenarecatchingup...whichisn’tnecessarilygoodnews.Menmayberesponsibleformoreaccidentsthanwomen,butthegap〔差距〕isgettingsmaller.Today,morewomendrivethaneverbefore,whichhastheunfortunateincreaseinspeeding,riskydriving,andevendeathamongwomen.Thetake-home:Learnfromthestrengthsofbothsexes.Driveconfidentlyandcarefully.Anddon’tforgettowearyourseatbelt.38.WhichofthefollowingisariskmentionedinParagraph2?A.Drivingwithcarelesswomen.B.Drivinginanotherperson’scar.C.Drivingwithoutseatbelts.D.Drivinginaparkinglot.39.Whatdoestheword“edge〞inParagraph3mean?A.Improvement.B.Advantage.C.Problem.D.Change.40.ThewriterseemstosuggestinParagraph4thatwomenareweakerdriversbecause______.A.theyarelessresponsibleB.theyarepoorerinjudgementC.theyarebornweakerpersonsD.theyareconsideredlessconfident41.InParagraph5thewriterexpresseshisconcernabout______.A.women’sdrivingsafetyB.women’sslowresponseC.theagedifferenceamongwomenD.theproperspeedforwomendriversDLeonardodaVinciwasoneofthegreatestartiststheworldhaseverknown.Hewasalsoaninventor,anarchitect〔建筑师〕,anastronomer〔天文学家〕,andascientist.LeonardowasborninItalyin1452.Whenhewasfourteenyearsold,hemovedtothecityofFlorencetostudypainting.Peoplecouldseethathewasagreatartist,andhequicklybecameknownthroughoutItaly.However,hehadotherinterests,too.Oneofthemwascityplanningandarchitecture.Hedesignedseveralchurchesandwashiredasanengineertohelprepairothers.Laterinhislife,Leonardobecameateacher.Whenhewasinhisforties,heinventedaflyingmachinewhichoneofhisyoungstudentstriedtofly.Unluckily,itdidn’twork.SoLeonardomadeanotherftlyingmachine.Anotherofhisstudentstesteditbyjumpingwithitfromatalltower.Theonedidn’tworkeither.Luckily,thestudentwasn’thurt.Leonardomademanymachineslikethis.Leonardowasallimpatientman,andhismindwasalwayscomingupwithnewideas.Asaresult,hedidn’talwaysmanagetocompleteoneinventionbeforemovingontothenext.Thiswasalsotrueofhisart.Leonardocreatedagreatstatue〔雕像〕ofamanonahorse,butheneverfinishedit.HehadprobablythoughtofsomethingnewtotryandlostinterestintheStatue.However,Leonardodidcompletemanyofhisworks.Hepaintedoneofthemostfamouspaintingsintheworld,theMonaLisa.Healsomadediscoveriesaboutthestarsinthesky.Inmanyways,hewasamanaheadofhistime.42.WhichisanexampletoshowthatLeonardowasaninventor?A.Hewasinvolvedincityplanning.B.Hedesignedandbuiltaflyingmachine.C.Hecompletedthepainting,theMonaLisa.D.Hecreatedagreatstatueofamanonahorse.43.WhendidLeonardobegintoshowhisgiftforpainting?A.WhenhestudiedinFlorence.B.Whenhewasinhisforties.C.WhenhetravelledthroughoutItaly.D.Whenhechallengedsomegreatartists.44.WhatdoweknowaboutLeonardoasanarchitect?A.Hebuiltanartschool.B.HeplannedthecityofFlorence.C.Heoncedesignedsomechurches.D.Herepairedoldchurcheswithnewpaintings.45.WhichofthefollowingstatementsistrueaboutLeonardo?A.Hewasafraidofflyinghigh.B.Hepreferredengineeringtopainting.C.Hewasmorethanagreatpainter.D.Hewasimpaitientwhenteachingstudents.第二卷(两大题,共30分)IV.单词拼写〔共10小题;每题2分,总分值20分〕根据以下句子及所给汉语注释,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。(每个空只写一词)46.Everybodywantsto________(练习)theirEnglishwithme.47.Manypeople____________(成功)inlosingweightbydoingexercises.48.Idon’tthinkit’s_________(健康的)forhertospendsomuchtimealone.]49.Iamhaving________(医学的)treatmentnowandcan’tgotoworktoday.50.Doctorsareunableto_________(解释)

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