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2012年6月英语四级模拟题带答案(一至五).doc2012年6月英语四级模拟题带答案(一至五).doc -- 8 元

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大学英语四级考试模拟题一PartⅠWriting(30minutes)DirectionsForthispart,youareallowed30minutestowriteashortessayonthetopicONE–OFFCHOPSTICKS.Youshouldwriteatleast120wordsfollowingtheoutlinegivenbelowinChinese1.你和你的朋友在餐厅就餐,你的朋友对餐厅提供的非一次性筷子不满。2.餐厅的负责人解释说这是为了节约资源,并保证这些餐具已经严格消毒3.你对此事的看法和采取的做法。OneoffChopsticks注意此部分试题在答题卡1上。PartⅡReadingComprehension(SkimmingandScanning)(15minutes)DirectionsInthispart,youwillhave15minutestogooverthepassagequicklyandanswerthequestionsonAnswerSheet1.Forquestions17,choosethebestanswerfromthefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandD.Forquestions810,completethesentenceswiththeinformationgiveninthepassage.注意此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答810题在答题卡1上。PlasticBagPollutionTheuseofplasticbagshasincreasedatanalarmingratesincetheybecamepopularinthe1980s.Bigblackbinliners,plasticcarrierbagscarryingadvertisinglogos,clearsandwichbagsandavarietyofotherforms.Theyrelightweight,handyandeasilydiscarded.Tooeasilydiscarded.Justtakealookaroundyou.Plasticbagscanbeseenhangingfromthebranches,flyingintheair,settledamongstbushes,andfloatingonrivers.Theyblockupdrainscausingwaterandsewagetooverflowandbecomethebreedinggroundsofbacteriathatcausediseases.Plasticbagsaredifficultandcostlytorecycleandmostenduponlandfillsiteswheretheytakearound300yearstodecay.Theybreakdownintotinytoxicparticlesthatpollutethesoilandwaterwaysandenterthefoodchainwhenanimalsaccidentallyconsumethem.Buttheproblemssurroundingwasteplasticbagsstartlongbeforetheydecay.Ourplanetisbecomingincreasinglyendangeredbyouroveruseofplasticbags.ProductionofPlasticBagsPlasticbagsaremadefromethylene乙烯,agasthatisproducedasabyproductofoil,gasandcoalproduction.Ethyleneismadeintopolymers聚合体chainsofethylenemoleculescalledpolyethylene.Thissubstance,alsoknownaspolythene,isusedtoproducearangeofitems,includingplasticbags.Youhaveprobablynoticedtwotypesofplasticshoppingbagsthelighter,filmybagsyougetfromsupermarketsandfoodoutlets,andtheheavierbagsfromotherretailoutlets,likeclothingstores.ThesupermarketbagsaremadefromhighdensitypolyethyleneHDPE,whilethethickerbagsaremadefromlowdensitypolyethyleneLDPE.UnlikeHDPE,LDPEcannotberecycled.Whileplasticbagsmaynotbethemosthightechapplicationofplasticstechnology,itiscertainlyoneofthemostprevalent.AccordingtoCleanUpAustralia,Australiansuseinexcessof6billionplasticbagsperyear.Iftiedtogetherthesebagswouldformachainthatislongenoughtogoaroundtheworld37times.Morethanhalfofthesebags3.6billionaremadefromHDPE.DangerstoSeaLifePlasticbagsarenowamongstthetop12itemsofwastemostoftenfoundalongthecoastlines.Animalsandseacreaturesarehurtandkilledeverydaybydiscardedplasticbagsadeadturtlewithaplasticbaghangingfromitsmouthisntapleasantsightbutmistakingplasticbagsforfoodiscommonplaceamongstmarineanimals.Plasticblockstheirintestines肠道andleadstoslowstarvation.Othersbecomeentangledinplasticbagsanddrown.Becauseplasticbagstakehundredsofyearstobreakdown,everyyearourseasbecomehometomoreandmorebagsthatfindtheirwaytherethroughoursewersandwaterways.Everybagthatswasheddownadrainduringrainfallendsupintheseaeverybagthatsflusheddownatoiletendsupintheseaeverybagthatsblownintoariverwillmostlikelyendupinthesea.Onedisquietingfactstemmingfromthisisthatplasticbagscanbecomeserialkillers.Onceananimaldietofplasticbags,itdecaysatamuchfasterratethanthebag.Oncetheanimalhasdecomposed,thebagisreleasedbackintotheenvironmentmoreorlessintact,readytobeeatenbyanothermisguidedorganism.Theincrediblyslowrateofdecayofplasticbagsalsomeansthateachbagweusecompoundstheproblem,becausethebagssimplyaccumulate.PollutionTaxesBansDifferentcountrieshaveadoptedarangeofapproachestodiscouragetheuseofplasticbagsinanattempttocutdownonthenumberofbagsfindingtheirwayintotheenvironment.InSouthAfricaforinstance,whereanestimatedeightbillionplasticbagsareusedannually,thegovernmenthasimplementednewregulationsthatwillseeonlythicker,moredurableplasticbagsproduced.Aswellasmakingthemmoresuitableforreuse,itishopedthattheextracostassociatedwiththeirproductionandsupplywillpreventretailersgivingthehigherqualitybagsaway,makingtheiruseamoreexpensiveoptionforconsumers.TheuseofplasticbagsisbeingdiscouragedinotherplacessuchasSingaporeandTainwan,whilethetaximposedontheuseofplasticshoppingbagsinIrelandhasresultedintheuseofplasticshoppingbagsbeingreducedby90injustsixmonths.Priortothe15eurocentperbagtax,itwasestimatedthat1.2millionplasticshoppingbagswerebeinghandedoutinIrelandperyear.Themoneyraisedfromthetaxwillbeusedtofundenvironmentalinitiatives.Whileanythingthatlowersourconsumptionisgood,whywaituntilwerehitfinanciallybeforewechangeourhabitswhenchangesarentdifficulttomakeHowabouttakingpreviouslyusedbagswithyounexttimeyougototheshopsOrevenbetterturnbacktimeanddoasgrandmadidandtakeabamboobasketwithyoueverytimeyougoshopping.Shopownerswouldratheryouusetheirbagsastheyreaconvenientandcheapformofadvertising,butwhatsmoreimportant,shareholderprofitsortheenvironmentPlasticbagscanberecycledalthoughonlyaboutoneinevery200everfindsitswaytoarecyclingunit.Findoutiftheresarecyclingbinnearyouand,ifnot,askyourlocalauthorityforone.GreenhouseGasesSomecountrieshaveintroducedsocalledenvironmentallyfriendlyplasticbagsthatarebiodegradable可生物降解.Thesebagstakeaboutthreeyearstobreakdownintopracticallynothingandwhilethatsoundslikeanattractivesolution,thetruthisthattheprocessofbreakingdownthesepetrolbasedbagscausescarbontobecomemethane甲烷whichisagreenhousegas.Itsalsopossibletogetplasticbagsmanufacturedfromcorn.Thesebreakdownveryquicklyandgiveoffnomoremethanethananothercornproductonlandfillsites.Unfortunately,theyremoreexpensivetoproduceandfewshopsusethem.GarbageBinsOnequestionthatsoftenraisedinconnectionwiththeplasticbagdilemmaiswhatshouldbeusedtolinebinsifnotplasticbagsToanswerthat,letsgobackintimetowhenplasticbagswereyettobecomecommonplace.WhatdidwedoForone,wehadfarlessgarbage.Goodshadmuchlesspackagingthanisthecasetodaysowedidntfillourbinsasquickly.Peelings,eggshells,teabagsandcoffeegroundswereallusedascompost肥料forcrops,aswasanypaperthatwasntneededforlightingfires.Whatwasleftwentintoanunlinedbinwithanythingdirtyorwetbeingwrappedinnewspaperfirst.Ifwechoosecarefullywhenshoppingsoasnottobringhomemorepackagingthannecessarytheresreallynopointinbringithomejusttothrowitstraightinthebinwhenweunpack,theamountofwastethatgoesintothekitchenbinwillbehalved,atleast.IndividualEffortByrefusingtouseplasticbags,youcanmakeahugedifferencetothepollutionproblem.Rememberthateachpersonusesabout83bagsayear.Iftherearefourpeopleinyourfamily,thats332plasticbagslesseveryyear.Thats332bagslessthatwillreleasetoxinsintothegroundwaterfromlandfillsitesstayintheenvironmentforhundredsofyearsgetintothefoodchainthroughanimalswasteenergyduringthemanufacturingprocesskillanyoftheestimated100,000marineanimalsthatdieeachyearofplasticpollutionTheseareallimportantfactorsthathaveaprofoundaffectonourenvironmentandthecreaturesweshareourplanetwith.ShouldwereallyputourownselfishneedsbeforetheneedsofeverythingaroundusnowandthelivesoffuturegenerationsThatsuptoyoutodecide.1.Manythick,clothingcarryingplasticbags,madefrom________,canhardlyberecycled.A.highdensitypolyethyleneB.lowdensitypolyethyleneC.oilandcoalD.gasandcola2.Theannualuseofplasticbagsin________exceeds6billion.A.SingaporeB.AustraliaC.IrelandD.Taiwan3.Plasticbagscanbecomeahorribleserialkillerbecauseof________.A.theirtoxicparticlesB.theirlightweightC.theirincrediblyslowrateofdecayD.theiroverusebypeople4.InSouthAfrica,inlinewithanewgovernmentregulation,________willbebannedfromproduction.A.thicker,moredurableplasticbagsB.plasticbagssuitableforreuseC.thinner,shortlivingplasticbagsD.thicker,higherqualityplasticbags5.________,thoughfriendlytotheenvironment,costtoomuchinmanufacturetowidelyused.A.ThepetrolbasedbagsB.ThemethanereleasingbagsC.ThecarbonreleasingbagsD.hecornbasedbags6.WhatisbotheringpeopleinconnectionwithplasticbagdilemmaA.Thequestionofwhatshouldbeusedtoreplaceplasticbagsasgarbagebinliners.B.Thefactthatonlyoneinevery200plasticbagsendupbeingrecycled.C.Theincreasingamountofgarbage.D.Thehighcostinvolvedinproducingenvironmentallyfriendlybags.7.Itsestimatedthateveryyearabout________arekilledbydiscardedplasticbags.A.10,000animalsB.100,000seaanimalsC.100,000landanimalsD.10,000wildlife8.Thefinaldestinationofmanycarelesslydiscardedplasticbagsis____________________.9.InIreland,followingthecollectionofa15eurocentperbagtax,plasticbagusagehasdroppedby________.10.Thesocalledenvironmentallyfriendlessbagsaremuchquickertobreakdown,butwillreleaseagreatdealof______________________________.PartⅢListeningComprehension(35minutes)SectionADirectionsInthissection,youwillhear8shortconversationsand2longconversations.Attheendofeachconversation,oneormorequestionswillbeaskedaboutwhatwassaid.Boththeconversationandthequestionswillbespokenonlyonce.Aftereachquestiontherewillbeapause.Duringthepause,youmustreadthefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandD,anddecidewhichisthebestanswer.ThenmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheet2withasinglelinethroughthecentre.注意此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。11.A.ThemanmightbeabletoplayintheWorldCup.B.Themansfootballcareerseemstobeatanend.C.Themanwasoperatedonafewweeksago.D.themanisafanofworldfamousfootballplayers.12.A.Workoutaplantotightenhisbudget.B.Findouttheopeninghoursofthecafeteria.C.ApplyforaseniorpositionintherestaurantD.Solvehisproblembydoingaparttimejob.13.A.Afinancialburden.B.Agoodcompanion.C.Arealnuisance.D.Awelltrainedpet.14.A.Theerrorswillbecorrectedsoon.B.Thewomanwasmistakenherself.C.Thecomputingsystemistoocomplex.D.Hehascalledthewomanseveraltimes.15.A.Heneedshelptoretrievehisfiles.B.Hehastotypehispaperoncemore.C.Heneedssometimetopolishhispaper.D.Hewillbeawayforatwoweekconference.16.A.Theymighthavetochangetheirplan.B.Hehasgoteverythingsetfortheirtrip.C.Hehasaheavierworkloadthanthewoman.D.TheycouldstayinthemountainsuntilJune8.17.A.Theyhavetowaitamonthtoapplyforastudentloan.B.Theycanfindtheapplicationformsinthebrochure.C.Theyarenoteligibleforastudentloan.D.Theyarenotlateforaloanapplication.18.A.Newlawsareyettobemadetoreducepollutantrelease.B.Pollutionhasattractedlittleattentionfromthepublic.C.Thequalityofairwillsurelychangeforthebetter.D.Itlltakeyearstobeingairpollutionundercontrol.Questions19to22arebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheard.19.A.Enormoussizeofitsstores.B.Numerousvarietiesoffood.C.Itsappealingsurroundings.D.Itsrichandcolorfulhistory.20.A.Anancientbuilding.B.Aworldofantiques.C.AnEgyptianmuseum.D.AnEgyptianMemorial.21.A.Itspowerbillreaches9millionayear.B.Itsellsthousandsoflightbulbsaday.C.Itsuppliespowertoanearbytown.D.Itgenerates70oftheelectricityituses.22.A.11,500.B.30,000.C.250,000.D.300,000.Questions23to25arebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheard.23.A.Transferringtoanotherdepartment.B.Studyingaccountingatauniversity.C.Thinkingaboutdoingadifferentjob.D.Makingpreparationforherwedding.24.A.Shehasfinallygotapromotionandapayraise.B.Shehasgotasatisfactoryjobinanothercompany.C.Shecouldatlastleavetheaccountingdepartment.D.Shemanagedtokeepherpositioninthecompany.25.A.HeandAndreahaveprovedtobeaperfectmatch.B.Hechangedhismindaboutmarriageunexpectedly.C.Hedeclaredthathewouldremainsingleallhislife.D.HewouldmarryAndreaevenwithoutmeetingher.SectionBDirectionsInthissection,youwillhear3shortpassages.Attheendofeachpassage,youwillhearsomequestions.Boththepassageandthequestionswillbespokenonlyonce.Afteryouhearaquestion,youmustchoosethebestanswerfromthefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandD.ThenmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheet2withasinglelinethroughthecentre.注意此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。PassageOneQuestions26to29arebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheard.26.A.Theyaremotorcyclesdesignatedforwatersports.B.theyarespeedyboatsrestrictedinnarrowwaterways.C.Theyarebecominganefficientformofwatertransportation.D.Theyaregettingmorepopularasameansorwaterrecreation.27.A.Waterscooteroperatorslackofexperience.BVacationersdisregardofwatersafetyrules.C.Overloadingofsmallboatsandothercraft.D.Carelessnessofpeopleboatingalongtheshore.28.A.Theyscarewhalestodeath.B.Theyproducetoomuchnoise.C.Theydischargetoxicemissions.D.Theyendangerlotsofwaterlife.29.A.Expandoperatingareas.B.Restrictoperatinghours.C.Limittheuseofwaterscooters.D.Enforcenecessaryregulations.PassageTwoQuestions30to32arebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheard.30.A.theyarestable.B.Theyareclose.C.Theyarestrained.D.Theyarechanging.31.A.Theyarefullyoccupiedwiththeirownbusiness.B.Notmanyofthemstayinthesameplaceforlong.C.Notmanyofthemcanwintrustfromtheirneighbors.D.Theyattachlessimportancetointerpersonalrelations.32.A.Countoneachotherforhelp.B.Giveeachotheracoldshoulder.C.Keepafriendlydistance.D.Buildafencebetweenthem.PassageThreeQuestions33to35arebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheard.33.A.Itmayproduceanincreasingnumberofidleyoungsters.B.ItmayaffectthequalityofhighereducationinAmerica.C.Itmaycausemanyschoolstogooutofoperation.D.Itmayleadtoalackofproperlyeducatedworkers.34.A.Itislessseriousincitiesthaninruralareas.B.Itaffectsbothjuniorandseniorhighschools.C.Itresultsfromaworseningeconomicclimate.D.ItisanewchallengefacingAmericaneducators.35.A.Allowingthemtochoosetheirfavoriteteachers.B.Creatingamorerelaxedlearningenvironment.C.Rewardingexcellentacademicperformance.D.Helpingthemtodevelopbetterstudyhabits.SectionCDirectionsInthissection,youwillhearapassagethreetimes.Whenthepassageisreadforthefirsttime,youshouldlistencarefullyforitsgeneralidea.Whenthepassageisreadforthesecondtime,youarerequiredtofillintheblanksnumberedfrom36to43withtheexactwordsyouhavejustheard.Forblanksnumberedfrom44to46youarerequiredtofillinthemissinginformation.Fortheseblanks,youcaneitherusetheexactwordsyouhavejustheardorwritedownthemainpointsinyourownwords.Finally,whenthepassageisreadforthethirdtime,youshouldcheckwhatyouhavewritten.注意此部分试题在答题卡2上请在答题卡2上作答。Iminterestedinthecriminaljusticesystemofourcountry.Itseemstomethatsomethinghastobedoneifweareto36________asacountry.Icertainlydontknowwhattheanswerstoourproblemsare.Thingscertainlyget37_________inahurrywhenyougetintothem.ButIwonderifsomethingcouldntbedonetodealwithsomeoftheseproblems.OnethingImconcernedaboutisourpracticeofputting38_________injailwhohaventharmedanyone.Whynotworkoutsomesystem39_________theycanpaybackthedebtstheyowesocietyinsteadof40________anotherdebtbygoingtoprisonandofcoursecomingoutthe41________ofhardenedcriminals.Imalsoconcernedabouttheshortprisonsentencespeopleare42________forseriouscrimes.Ofcourseonealternativetothisisto43________capitalpunishment.ButImnotsureIwouldbeforthat.Imnotsureitsrighttotakeaneyeforaneye.44___________________________________________________________________________.Ialsothinkwemustdosomethingabouttheinsanityplea.Inmyopinion,anyonewhotakesanotherpersonslifeintentionallyisinsane.However,45_______________________________________________________________________.Itsaidofcoursethatapersonmayhavetospendtherestofhislifeor46____________________________________________________________________________.PartIVReadingComprehension(ReadinginDepth)(25minutes)SectionADirectionsInthissection,thereisapassagewithtenblanks.Youarerequiredtoselectonewordforeachblankfromalistofch0icesgiveninawordbankfollowingthepassage.Readthepassagethroughcarefullybeforemakingyourchoices.Eachchoiceinbankisidentifiedbyaletter.PleasemarkthecorrespondingletterforeachitemonAnswerSheet2withasinglelinethroughthecenter.Youmaynotuseanyofthewordsinthebankmorethanonce.Questions47to56arebasedonthefollowingpassage.WhenRobertoFelizcametotheUSAfromtheDominicanRepublic,heknewonlyafewwordsofEnglish.Educationsoonbecamea47.Icouldntunderstandanything,hesaid.He48fromhisteachers,camehomeintears,andthoughtaboutdroppingout.ThenMrs.Malave,abilingualeducator,begantoworkwithhimwhileteachinghimmathandscienceinhis49Spanish.ShehelpedmestaysmartwhileteachingmeEnglish,hesaid.Giventhechancetodemonstratehisability,he50confidenceandbegantosucceedinschool.Today,heisa51doctor,runshisownclinic,andworkswithseveralhospitals.Everyday,heusesthelanguageandacademicskillshe52throughbilingualeducationtotreathispatients.Robertosstoryisjustoneof53successstories.Researchhasshownthatbilingualeducationisthemost54waybothtoteachchildrenEnglishandensurethattheysucceedacademically.InArizonaandTexas,bilingualstudents55outperformtheirpeersinmonolingualprograms.Calexico,Calif.,implementedbilingualeducation,andnowhasdropoutratesthatarelessthanhalfthestateaverageandcollege56ratesofmorethan90.InE1Paso,bilingualeducationprogramshavehelpedraisestudentscoresfromthelowestinTexastoamongthehighestinthenation.注意此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。AwonderBacquiredCconsistentlyDregainedEnightmareFnativeGacceptanceHeffectiveIhidJprominentKdecentLcountlessMrecalledNbreakthroughOautomaticallySectionBDirectionsThereare2passagesinthissection.Eachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatement.ForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,C,D.Youshould
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