甘肃省天水三中2012届高三上学期第一次考试题英语缺答案.doc甘肃省天水三中2012届高三上学期第一次考试题英语缺答案.doc

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高考试卷考试资料天水市三中20112012学年度高三级第一学期第一次考试英语试题说明本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。满分150分,考试时间120分钟。答案写在答题卡上,交卷时只交答题卡。第I卷(选择题)第一部分英语知识运用(共三节,满分50分)第一节语音知识(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)从A,B,C,D四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。1.CUSHIONA.BUSHB.STATUSC.PUZZLED.CURIOUS2.BLANKA.ASSISTB.DECADEC.PATENTD.WANDER3.WORTHYA.HEALTHB.CLOTHINGC.BIRTHPLACED.WEALTHY4.SPAREAFEARBEARNCPEARDBEARD5.TREASUREA.POSSESSIONB.TELEVISIONC.ASIAND.PRECIOUS第二节语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)从A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。6CANYOUCOMEONMONDAYORTUESDAYIMAFRAID_____DAYISPOSSIBLEAEITHERBNEITHERCSOMEDANY7HOWABOUTTAKING______SHORTRESTIWANTTOMAKE_______CALL.A.A;AB.A;THEC.THE;THED.THE;A8THEDOCTORTHOUGHT___________WOULDBEGOODFORYOUTOHAVEAHOLIDAYATHISBTHATCITDONE9WEGIVEDOGSTIME,SPACEANDLOVEWECANSPARE,AND_____,DOGSGIVEUSTHEIRALLAINALLBINFACTCINSHORTDINRETURN10THISMAGAZINEISVERYWITHYOUNGPEOPLE,WHOLIKEITSCONTENTANDSTYLEAPOPULARBFAMILIARCSIMILARDPARTICULAR11______HEREFERREDTOINHISARTICLEWASUNKNOWNTOTHEGENERALREADERATHATBWHATCWHETHERDWHERE12TRY____SHEMIGHT,SUECOULDN’TGETTHEDOOROPENAIFBASCSINEDWHEN13MYTEACHERINSPIRED____ASUMMERCOURSETOIMPROVEMYWRITINGSKILLSAFORMETAKINGBMETAKINGCFORMETOTAKEDMETOTAKE14SHEWENTTOTHEBOOKSTOREANDBOUGHTADOZENBOOKSBDOZENSBOOKSCDOZENOFBOOKSDDOZENSOFBOOKS15WILMABECAMETHEFIRSTAMERICANWOMANTOWINTHREEOLYMPICGOLDMEDALSINTRACK,_____MADEHERMOTHERVERYHAPPYAITBTHATCWHICHDTHIS16TODAYSCHILDRENARERAISEDINAWAYTHATISTOTALLYDIFFERENTFROMHOWTHEIRPARENTSWERE___高考试卷考试资料ABROUGHTUPBBROUGHTONCTAKENONDTAKENUP17THETRAFFICRULESAYSYOUNGCHILDRENUNDERTHEAGEOFFOURANDLESSTHAN40POUNDSMUSTBEINACHILDSAFETYSEATABEINGWEIGHEDBTOWEIGHCWEIGHEDDWEIGHING18ATTHEFOOTOFTHEMOUNTAIN,AAVILLAGELIEBLIESAVILLAGECDOESAVILLAGELIEDLYINGAVILLAGE19HOWWASYOURRECENTVISITTOQINGDAOITWASGREATWEVISITEDSOMEFRIENDS,ANDSPENTTHE________DAYSATTHESEASIDEAFEWLASTSUNNYBLASTFEWSUNNYCLASTSUNNYFEWDFEWSUNNYLAST20THESHOPKEEPERDIDNOTWANTTOSELLFOR______HETHOUGHTWASNOTENOUGHAWHEREBHOWCWHATDWHICH第三节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。PEOPLEDONOTANALYZEEVERYPROBLEMTHEYMEETSOMETIMESTHEYTRYTOREMEMBERASOLUTIONFROMTHELASTTIMETHEYHADA21PROBLEMTHEYOFTENACCEPTTHEOPINIONORIDEASOFOTHERPEOPLEOTHERTIMESTHEYBEGINTOACTWITHOUT22;THEYTRYTOFINDASOLUTIONBYTRIALANDERROR23,WHENALLOFTHESEMETHODS24,THEPERSONWITHAPROBLEMHASTOSTARTANALYZINGTHEREARESIX25INANALYZINGAPROBLEM26THEPERSONMUSTRECOGNIZETHATTHEREISAPROBLEMFOREXAMPLE,SAMSBICYCLEISBROKEN,ANDHECANNOTRIDEITTOCLASSASHEUSUALLYDOESSAMMUSTSEETHATTHEREISAPROBLEMWITHHISBICYCLENEXTTHEPERSONMUST27THEPROBLEMBEFORESAMCANREPAIRHISBICYCLE,HEMUSTKNOWWHYITDOESNOTWORKFOREXAMPLE,HEMUSTDETERMINETHEPARTSTHATAREWRONGNOWTHEPERSONMUSTLOOKFOR28THATWILLMAKETHEPROBLEMCLEARERANDLEADTOPOSSIBLESOLUTIONSFOREXAMPLE,SUPPOSESAM29THATHISBIKEDOESNOTWORKBECAUSETHEREISSOMETHINGWRONGWITHTHEBRAKES刹车30,HECANLOOKINHISBICYCLEREPAIRBOOKANDREADABOUTBRAKES,31HISFRIENDSATTHEBIKESHOP,ORLOOKATHISBRAKESCAREFULLYAFTERSTUDYINGTHEPROBLEM,THEPERSONSHOULDHAVE32SUGGESTIONSFORAPOSSIBLESOLUTIONTAKESAMASANEXAMPLE33,HISSUGGESTIONSMIGHTBETIGHTENORLOOSENTHEBRAKES;BUYNEWBRAKESANDCHANGETHEOLDONESINTHEEND,ONE34SEEMSTOBETHESOLUTIONTOTHEPROBLEMSOMETIMESTHE__35__IDEACOMESQUITE36BECAUSETHETHINKERSUDDENLYSEESSOMETHINGNEWORSEESSOMETHINGINA37WAYSAM,FOREXAMPLE,SUDDENLYSEESTHEREISAPIECEOFCHEWINGGUM(口香糖)STUCKTOABRAKEHE38FINDSTHESOLUTIONTOHISPROBLEMHEMUST___39___THEBRAKEFINALLYTHESOLUTIONISTESTEDSAMFINDSTHATHISBICYCLE40PERFECTLYINSHORTHEHASSOLVEDTHEPROBLEM21.A.FUNNYB.USUALC.SIMILARD.COMMON22.A.PRACTICEB.THINKINGC.UNDERSTANDINGD.HELP23.A.BESIDESB.INSTEADC.OTHERWISED.HOWEVER24.A.FAILB.WORKC.CHANGED.DEVELOP25.A.CHANCESB.CONDITIONSC.STEPSD.TROUBLES26.A.FIRSTB.USUALLYC.INCASED.MOSTIMPORTANTLY高考试卷考试资料27.A.DEMANDB.FINDC.DESCRIBED.FACE28.A.IMAGINATIONB.DUTYCPROGRAMD.INFORMATION29.A.HOPESB.ARGUESC.DECIDESD.SUGGESTS30.A.INOTHERWORDSB.ONCEINAWHILEC.BYCHANCEDATTHISTIME31.A.APPLYFORB.TURNTOC.AGREEWITHDLOOKAFTER32.A.EXTRAB.ENOUGHC.SEVERALD.COUNTLESS33.A.SUDDENLYB.AGAINC.EITHERD.ALONE34.A.SUGGESTIONB.CONCLUSIONC.DECISIOND.DISCOVERY35.A.NEXTB.CLEARC.FINALD.NEW36.A.UNEXPECTEDLYB.LATEC.CLEARLYD.OFTEN37.A.SIMPLEB.DIFFERENTC.QUICKD.SUDDEN38.A.FORTUNATELYB.EASILYC.CLEARLYD.IMMEDIATELY39.A.CLEANB.SEPARATEC.LOOSEND.REMOVE40.A.ARISESB.WORKSC.TAKESD.DECLARES第二部分阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)第一节阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。ATHEREISONETHINGTHATEVERYONEWANTSMORETHANANYTHINGELSESOMEPEOPLETRYTOGETITBYMAKINGMONEYTHEYTHINKTHATWHENTHEYHAVEENOUGHMONEYTOBUYSUCHTHINGSASHOUSES,ARMS,ANDCARS,THEYWILLHAVETHEONETHINGTHATEVERYONEWANTSOTHERPEOPLEBELIEVETHATIFTHEYKNOWENOUGH,THEYWILLFINDTHISTHINGTHEYSTUDYALLTHEIRLIVESINSEARCHOFITSTILLOTHERSTHINKTHATIFTHEYHAVEPOWER,THEYWILLFINDTHISTHINGTHEYKEEPTELLINGTHEMSELVESWHENIAMABOSS,IWILLNOLONGERHAVETOSEARCHFORTHISTHINGWHATISITTHATEVERYONEWANTSMORETHANANYTHINGELSEWHATISITTHATALLOFUSKEEPWORKINGANDSEARCHINGFOREACHDAYITISHAPPINESSHAPPINESSISASTRANGETHINGITDOESNOTMEANTHESAMETOALLMENWHATWILLMAKEONEMANHAPPYMAYNOTMAKEANOTHERMANHAPPYSOMEMENSAYTHATHAPPINESSCOMESFROMHELPINGOTHERS,OTHERMENSAYTHATHAPPINESSCOMESFROMMAKINGLIFEMOREPLEASANTFOREVERYONEWHATDOYOUMEANWHENYOUSAY“THATMAKESMEHAPPY”READWHATDIFFERENTPEOPLEHAVESAIDABOUTHAPPINESSPERHAPSYOUWILLLEARNSOMETHINGTHATWILLBRINGYOUPEACEOFMIND,COMFORT,MONEYORMAYBRINGYOUWHATYOUSEARCHFORHAPPINESS41THEMAINIDEAOFTHISPASSAGEISTHATAHAPPINESSMEANSTHESAMETOEVERYONEBHAPPINESSISTHETHINGTHATEVERYONEWANTSTOGETCMONEYMAKESONEHAPPY,SODOESHELPINGOTHERSDNOTALLPEOPLEARESEARCHINGFORHAPPINESS42THEFIRSTSENTENCEINTHESECONDPARAGRAPHMEANSAOTHERPEOPLETHINKIFTHEYKNOWALOTTHEYWILLBEABLETOGETENOUGHMONEYANDTHATWILLMAKETHEMHAPPYBOTHERPEOPLETHINKITTRUETHATKNOWLEDGEWILLBRINGTHEMENOUGHMONEYCOTHERPEOPLEHOLDTHEOPINIONTHATTHELESSTHEYKNOW,THEHAPPIERTHEYARE高考试卷考试资料DOTHERPEOPLEHOLDTHEOPINIONTHATIFTHEYBECOMEKNOWLEDGEABLEENOUGHTHEYWILLFEELHAPPY43“WHATWILLMAKEONEMANHAPPYMAYNOTMAKEANOTHERMANHAPPY”THISSENTENCEMEANSAWHENONEMANFEELSHAPPY,ANOTHERMANWILLFEELSADBWHENONEMANFEELSHAPPY,ANOTHERMANWILLFEELHAPPY,TOOCDIFFERENTPEOPLEHOLDDIFFERENTOPINIONSABOUTHAPPINESSDDIFFERENTPEOPLEHAVETHESAMEOPINIONABOUTHAPPINESSBTHEGREATFIREOFLONDONSTARTEDINTHEVERYEARLYHOURSOF2SEPTEMBER1666INFOURDAYSITDESTROYEDMORETHANTHREEQUARTERSOFTHEOLDCITY,WHEREMOSTOFTHEHOUSESWEREWOODENANDCLOSETOGETHERONEHUNDREDTHOUSANDPEOPLEBECAMEHOMELESS,BUTONLYAFEWLOSTTHEIRLIVESTHEFIRESTARTEDONSUNDAYMORNINGINTHEHOUSEOFTHEKINGSBAKER面包师INPUDDINGLANETHEBAKER,WITHHISWIFEANDFAMILY,WASABLETOGETOUTTHROUGHAWINDOWINTHEROOFASTRONGWINDBLEWTHEFIREFROMTHEBAKERY面包房INTOASMALLHOTELNEXTDOORTHENITSPREADQUICKLYINTOTHAMESSTREETTHATWASTHEBEGINNINGBYEIGHTOCLOCKTHREEHUNDREDHOUSESWEREONFIREONMONDAYNEARLYAKILOMETEROFTHECITYWASBURNINGALONGTHERIVERTHAMESTUESDAYWASTHEWORSTDAYTHEFIREDESTROYEDMANYWELLKNOWNBUILDINGS,OLDSTPAULSANDTHEGUILDHALLAMONGTHEMSAMUELPEPYS,THEFAMOUSWRITER,WROTEABOUTTHEFIREPEOPLETHREWTHEIRTHINGSINTOTHERIVERMANYPOORPEOPLESTAYEDINTHEIRHOUSESUNTILTHELASTMOMENTBIRDSFELLOUTOFTHEAIRBECAUSEOFTHEHEATTHEFIRESTOPPEDONLYWHENTHEKINGFINALLYORDEREDPEOPLETODESTROYHUNDREDSOFBUILDINGSINTHEPATHOFTHEFIREWITHNOTHINGLEFTTOBURN,THEFIREBECAMEWEAKANDFINALLYDIEDOUTAFTERTHEFIRE,CHRISTOPHERWREN,THEARCHITECT建筑师,WANTEDACITYWITHWIDERSTREETSANDFINENEWHOUSESOFSTONEINFACT,THESTREETSARESTILLNARROW;BUTHEDIDBUILDMORETHANFIFTYCHURCHES,AMONGTHEMNEWSTPAULSTHEFIRECAUSEDGREATPAINANDLOSS,BUTAFTERITLONDONWASABETTERPLACEACITYFORTHEFUTUREANDNOTJUSTOFTHEPAST45THEFIREBEGANINAAHOTELBTHEPALACECPUDDINGLANEDTHAMESSTREET46THEUNDERLINEDWORDFAMILYINTHESECONDPARAGRAPHMEANSAHOMEBCHILDRENCWIFEANDHUSBANDDWIFEANDCHILDREN47HOWWASTHEFIREPUTOUTACCORDINGTOTHETEXTATHEKINGANDHISSOLDIERSCAMETOHELPBALLTHEWOODENHOUSESINTHECITYWEREDESTROYEDCPEOPLEMANAGEDTOGETENOUGHWATERFROMTHERIVER高考试卷考试资料DHOUSESSTANDINGINTHEDIRECTIONOFTHEFIREWEREPULLEDDOWN48WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGWEREREASONSFORTHERAPIDSPREADOFTHEBIGFIREATHEREWASASTRONGWINDBTHESTREETSWEREVERYNARROWCMANYHOUSESWEREMADEOFWOODDTHEREWASNOTENOUGHWATERINTHECITYEPEOPLEDIDNOTDISCOVERTHEFIREEARLIERAAANDBBA,BANDCCA,B,CANDDDA,B,CDANDECTHEREISANENGLISHSAYINGTHAT“LAUGHTERISTHEBESTMEDICINE”UNTILRECENTLY,FEWPEOPLETOOKTHESAYINGSERIOUSLYNOWHOWEVER,DOCTORSHAVEBEGUNTOLOOKINTOLAUGHTERANDTHEEFFECTSITHASONTHEHUMANBODYTHEYHAVEFOUNDTHATLAUGHTERCANREALLYIMPROVEPEOPLE’SHEALTHTESTSWERECARRIEDOUTTOSTUDYTHEEFFECTSOFLAUGHTERONTHEBODYPEOPLEWATCHEDFUNNYFILMSWHILEDOCTORSCHECKEDTHEIRHEARTS,BLOODPRESSURE,BREATHINGANDMUSCLESITWASFOUNDTHATLAUGHTERHASTHESAMEEFFECTSASPHYSICALEXERCISEITINCREASESBLOODPRESSURE,MAKESTHEHEARTBEATQUICKERANDMAKESPEOPLEBREATHEDEEPER;ITALSOWORKSONSEVERALGROUPSOFMUSCLESINTHEFACE,THESTOMACH,ANDEVENTHEFEETIFLAUGHTEREXERCISESTHEBODY,ITMUSTBEBENEFICIALOTHERTESTSHAVESHOWNTHATLAUGHTERAPPEARSTOBEABLETOREDUCETHEEFFECTSOFPAINONTHEBODYINONEEXPERIMENTDOCTORSPRODUCEDPAININGROUPSOFSTUDENTSWHOLISTENEDTODIFFERENTRADIOPROGRAMSTHEGROUPTHATTOLERATED(忍耐)THEPAINFORTHELONGESTTIMEWASTHEGROUPWHICHLISTENEDTOAFUNNYPROGRAMTHEREASONWHYLAUGHTERCANREDUCEPAINSEEMSTOBETHATITHELPSTOPRODUCEAKINDOFCHEMICALINTHEBRAINWHICHDIMINISHESBOTHSTRESS压力ANDPAINASARESULTOFTHESEDISCOVERIES,SOMEDOCTORSINTHEUNITEDSTATESNOWHOLDLAUGHTERCLINICS(诊所),INWHICHTHEYHELPTOIMPROVETHEIRPATIENTS’CONDITIONBYENCOURAGINGTHEMTOLAUGHTHEYHAVEFOUNDTHATEVENIFTHEIRPATIENTSDONOTREALLYFEELLIKELAUGHING,MAKINGTHEMSMILEISENOUGHTOPRODUCEBENEFICIALEFFECTSSIMILARTOTHOSECAUSEDBYLAUGHTER49.ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,THEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSARETRUEEXCEPTA.LAUGHTERISGOODFORHEALTHB.LAUGHTERCANMAKEYOUBECOMEOLDQUICKLYC.LAUGHTERHELPSTOREDUCEPAIND.LAUGHTER,JUSTLIKEPHYSICALEXERCISE,ISGOODFOROURBODY50.THEUNDERLINEDWORD“DIMINISHES”INTHETHIRDPARAGRAPHMEANS“”A.ENJOYSB.PERMITSC.INCREASESD.REDUCES51.ACCORDINGTOTHEAUTHOR,WESHOULDA.LAUGHASMUCHASPOSSIBLEB.WATCHMOREFUNNYFILMSC.AVOIDSMILINGALLTHETIMED.SPENDMORETIMEINLAUGHTERCLINICS52.THEBESTTITLEFORTHISPASSAGEMAYBEA.BOTHLAUGHTERANDPHYSICALEXERCISEAREGOODFORHEALTHB.LAUGHTERCLINICSHELPPATIENTSIMPROVETHEIRCONDITIONC.LAUGHTERCANREDUCETHEEFFECTSOFPAIND.LAUGHTERISTHEBESTMEDICINEDBEFOREANEWTYPEOFAIRPLANEGOESINTOSERVICE,EVERYPARTOFITISTESTEDAGAINANDAGAINBUTTHEREARETWOTESTSTHATAREMOREIMPORTANTTHANALLTHEOTHERSTHEFIRSTISCALLEDTHETANK贮水池TESTAMODEMAIRPLANEMUSTFLYVERYHIGHINTHESKYAIRMUSTBEPUMPE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