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甘肃省天水三中2012届高三上学期第一次考试题英语缺答案.doc甘肃省天水三中2012届高三上学期第一次考试题英语缺答案.doc -- 6 元

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高考试卷考试资料天水市三中20112012学年度高三级第一学期第一次考试英语试题说明本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。满分150分,考试时间120分钟。答案写在答题卡上,交卷时只交答题卡。第I卷(选择题)第一部分英语知识运用(共三节,满分50分)第一节语音知识(共5小题每小题1分,满分5分)从A,B,C,D四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。1.cushionA.bushB.statusC.puzzleD.curious2.blankA.assistB.decadeC.patentD.wander3.worthyA.healthB.clothingC.birthplaceD.wealthy4.spareA.fearB.earnC.pearD.beard5.treasureA.possessionB.televisionC.AsianD.precious第二节语法和词汇知识(共15小题每小题1分,满分15分)从A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。6.CanyoucomeonMondayorTuesdayImafraid_____dayispossible.A.eitherB.neitherC.someD.any7.Howabouttaking______shortrestIwanttomake_______call.A.aaB.atheC.thetheD.thea8.Thedoctorthought___________wouldbegoodforyoutohaveaholiday.A.thisB.thatC.itD.one9.Wegivedogstime,spaceandlovewecanspare,and_____,dogsgiveustheirall.AinallBinfactCinshortDinreturn10.Thismagazineisverywithyoungpeople,wholikeitscontentandstyle.A.popularB.familiarC.similarD.particular11.______hereferredtoinhisarticlewasunknowntothegeneralreader.A.ThatB.WhatC.WhetherD.Where12.Try____shemight,Suecouldntgetthedooropen.A.ifB.asC.sineD.when13.Myteacherinspired____asummercoursetoimprovemywritingskills.A.formetakingB.metakingC.formetotakeD.metotake14.ShewenttothebookstoreandboughtA.dozenbooksB.dozensbooksC.dozenofbooksD.dozensofbooks15.WilmabecamethefirstAmericanwomantowinthreeOlympicgoldmedalsintrack,_____madehermotherveryhappy.A.itB.thatC.whichD.this16.Todayschildrenareraisedinawaythatistotallydifferentfromhowtheirparentswere___.高考试卷考试资料A.broughtupB.broughtonC.takenonD.takenup17.Thetrafficrulesaysyoungchildrenundertheageoffourandlessthan40poundsmustbeinachildsafetyseat.A.beingweighedB.toweighC.weighedD.weighing18.Atthefootofthemountain,.A.avillagelieB.liesavillageC.doesavillagelieD.lyingavillage19.HowwasyourrecentvisittoQingdaoItwasgreat.Wevisitedsomefriends,andspentthe________daysattheseaside.A.fewlastsunnyB.lastfewsunnyC.lastsunnyfewD.fewsunnylast20.Theshopkeeperdidnotwanttosellfor______hethoughtwasnotenough.A.whereB.howC.whatD.which第三节完形填空(共20小题每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。Peopledonotanalyzeeveryproblemtheymeet.Sometimestheytrytorememberasolutionfromthelasttimetheyhada21problem.Theyoftenaccepttheopinionorideasofotherpeople.Othertimestheybegintoactwithout22theytrytofindasolutionbytrialanderror.23.,whenallofthesemethods24,thepersonwithaproblemhastostartanalyzing.Therearesix25inanalyzingaproblem.26thepersonmustrecognizethatthereisaproblem.Forexample,Samsbicycleisbroken,andhecannotrideittoclassasheusuallydoes.Sammustseethatthereisaproblemwithhisbicycle.Nextthepersonmust27theproblem.BeforeSamcanrepairhisbicycle,hemustknowwhyitdoesnotwork.Forexample,hemustdeterminethepartsthatarewrong.Nowthepersonmustlookfor28thatwillmaketheproblemclearerandleadtopossiblesolutions.Forexample,supposeSam29thathisbikedoesnotworkbecausethereissomethingwrongwiththebrakes刹车.30,hecanlookinhisbicyclerepairbookandreadaboutbrakes,31hisfriendsatthebikeshop,orlookathisbrakescarefully.Afterstudyingtheproblem,thepersonshouldhave32suggestionsforapossiblesolution.TakeSamasanexample33,hissuggestionsmightbetightenorloosenthebrakesbuynewbrakesandchangetheoldones.Intheend,one34seemstobethesolutiontotheproblem.Sometimesthe__35__ideacomesquite36becausethethinkersuddenlyseessomethingneworseessomethingina37way.Sam,forexample,suddenlyseesthereisapieceofchewinggum(口香糖)stucktoabrake.He38findsthesolutiontohisproblemhemust___39___thebrake.Finallythesolutionistested.Samfindsthathisbicycle40perfectly.Inshorthehassolvedtheproblem.21.A.funnyB.usualC.similarD.common22.A.practiceB.thinkingC.understandingD.help23.A.BesidesB.InsteadC.OtherwiseD.However24.A.failB.workC.changeD.develop25.A.chancesB.conditionsC.stepsD.troubles26.A.FirstB.UsuallyC.IncaseD.Mostimportantly高考试卷考试资料27.A.demandB.findC.describeD.face28.A.imaginationB.dutyC.programD.information29.A.hopesB.arguesC.decidesD.suggests30.A.InotherwordsB.OnceinawhileC.BychanceD.Atthistime31.A.applyforB.turntoC.agreewithD.lookafter32.A.extraB.enoughC.severalD.countless33.A.suddenlyB.againC.eitherD.alone34.A.suggestionB.conclusionC.decisionD.discovery35.A.nextB.clearC.finalD.new36.A.unexpectedlyB.lateC.clearlyD.often37.A.simpleB.differentC.quickD.sudden38.A.fortunatelyB.easilyC.clearlyD.immediately39.A.cleanB.separateC.loosenD.remove40.A.arisesB.worksC.takesD.declares第二部分阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)第一节阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。AThereisonethingthateveryonewantsmorethananythingelse.Somepeopletrytogetitbymakingmoney.Theythinkthatwhentheyhaveenoughmoneytobuysuchthingsashouses,arms,andcars,theywillhavetheonethingthateveryonewants.Otherpeoplebelievethatiftheyknowenough,theywillfindthisthing.Theystudyalltheirlivesinsearchofit.Stillothersthinkthatiftheyhavepower,theywillfindthisthing.TheykeeptellingthemselvesWhenIamaboss,Iwillnolongerhavetosearchforthisthing.WhatisitthateveryonewantsmorethananythingelseWhatisitthatallofuskeepworkingandsearchingforeachdayItishappiness.Happinessisastrangething.Itdoesnotmeanthesametoallmen.Whatwillmakeonemanhappymaynotmakeanothermanhappy.Somemensaythathappinesscomesfromhelpingothers,othermensaythathappinesscomesfrommakinglifemorepleasantforeveryone.WhatdoyoumeanwhenyousayThatmakesmehappy.Readwhatdifferentpeoplehavesaidabouthappiness.Perhapsyouwilllearnsomethingthatwillbringyoupeaceofmind,comfort,moneyormaybringyouwhatyousearchforhappiness.41.ThemainideaofthispassageisthatA.happinessmeansthesametoeveryoneB.happinessisthethingthateveryonewantstogetC.moneymakesonehappy,sodoeshelpingothersD.notallpeoplearesearchingforhappiness42.ThefirstsentenceinthesecondparagraphmeansA.otherpeoplethinkiftheyknowalottheywillbeabletogetenoughmoneyandthatwillmakethemhappyB.otherpeoplethinkittruethatknowledgewillbringthemenoughmoneyC.otherpeopleholdtheopinionthatthelesstheyknow,thehappiertheyare高考试卷考试资料D.otherpeopleholdtheopinionthatiftheybecomeknowledgeableenoughtheywillfeelhappy43.WhatwillmakeonemanhappymaynotmakeanothermanhappythissentencemeansA.whenonemanfeelshappy,anothermanwillfeelsadB.whenonemanfeelshappy,anothermanwillfeelhappy,tooC.differentpeopleholddifferentopinionsabouthappinessD.differentpeoplehavethesameopinionabouthappinessBTheGreatFireofLondonstartedintheveryearlyhoursof2September1666.Infourdaysitdestroyedmorethanthreequartersoftheoldcity,wheremostofthehouseswerewoodenandclosetogether.Onehundredthousandpeoplebecamehomeless,butonlyafewlosttheirlives.ThefirestartedonSundaymorninginthehouseoftheKingsbaker面包师inPuddingLane.Thebaker,withhiswifeandfamily,wasabletogetoutthroughawindowintheroof.Astrongwindblewthefirefromthebakery面包房intoasmallhotelnextdoor.ThenitspreadquicklyintoThamesStreet.Thatwasthebeginning.Byeightoclockthreehundredhouseswereonfire.OnMondaynearlyakilometerofthecitywasburningalongtheRiverThames.Tuesdaywastheworstday.Thefiredestroyedmanywellknownbuildings,oldStPaulsandtheGuildhallamongthem.SamuelPepys,thefamouswriter,wroteaboutthefire.Peoplethrewtheirthingsintotheriver.Manypoorpeoplestayedintheirhousesuntilthelastmoment.Birdsfelloutoftheairbecauseoftheheat.ThefirestoppedonlywhentheKingfinallyorderedpeopletodestroyhundredsofbuildingsinthepathofthefire.Withnothinglefttoburn,thefirebecameweakandfinallydiedout.Afterthefire,ChristopherWren,thearchitect建筑师,wantedacitywithwiderstreetsandfinenewhousesofstone.Infact,thestreetsarestillnarrowbuthedidbuildmorethanfiftychurches,amongthemnewStPauls.Thefirecausedgreatpainandloss,butafteritLondonwasabetterplaceacityforthefutureandnotjustofthepast.45.Thefirebeganin.A.ahotelB.thepalaceC.PuddingLaneD.ThamesStreet46.Theunderlinedwordfamilyinthesecondparagraphmeans.A.homeB.childrenC.wifeandhusbandD.wifeandchildren47.HowwasthefireputoutaccordingtothetextA.Thekingandhissoldierscametohelp.B.Allthewoodenhousesinthecityweredestroyed.C.Peoplemanagedtogetenoughwaterfromtheriver.高考试卷考试资料D.Housesstandinginthedirectionofthefirewerepulleddown.48.WhichofthefollowingwerereasonsfortherapidspreadofthebigfireaTherewasastrongwind.bThestreetswereverynarrow.cManyhousesweremadeofwood.dTherewasnotenoughwaterinthecity.ePeopledidnotdiscoverthefireearlier.A.aandbB.a,bandcC.a,b,canddD.a,b,cdandeCThereisanEnglishsayingthatLaughteristhebestmedicine.Untilrecently,fewpeopletookthesayingseriously.Nowhowever,doctorshavebeguntolookintolaughterandtheeffectsithasonthehumanbody.Theyhavefoundthatlaughtercanreallyimprovepeopleshealth.Testswerecarriedouttostudytheeffectsoflaughteronthebody.Peoplewatchedfunnyfilmswhiledoctorscheckedtheirhearts,bloodpressure,breathingandmuscles.Itwasfoundthatlaughterhasthesameeffectsasphysicalexercise.Itincreasesbloodpressure,makestheheartbeatquickerandmakespeoplebreathedeeperitalsoworksonseveralgroupsofmusclesintheface,thestomach,andeventhefeet.Iflaughterexercisesthebody,itmustbebeneficial.Othertestshaveshownthatlaughterappearstobeabletoreducetheeffectsofpainonthebody.Inoneexperimentdoctorsproducedpainingroupsofstudentswholistenedtodifferentradioprograms.Thegroupthattolerated(忍耐)thepainforthelongesttimewasthegroupwhichlistenedtoafunnyprogram.Thereasonwhylaughtercanreducepainseemstobethatithelpstoproduceakindofchemicalinthebrainwhichdiminishesbothstress压力andpain.Asaresultofthesediscoveries,somedoctorsintheUnitedStatesnowholdlaughterclinics(诊所),inwhichtheyhelptoimprovetheirpatientsconditionbyencouragingthemtolaugh.Theyhavefoundthateveniftheirpatientsdonotreallyfeellikelaughing,makingthemsmileisenoughtoproducebeneficialeffectssimilartothosecausedbylaughter.49.Accordingtothepassage,thefollowingstatementsaretrueexcept.A.LaughterisgoodforhealthB.LaughtercanmakeyoubecomeoldquicklyC.Laughterhelpstoreducepain.D.Laughter,justlikephysicalexercise,isgoodforourbody.50.Theunderlinedworddiminishesinthethirdparagraphmeans.A.enjoysB.permitsC.increasesD.reduces51.Accordingtotheauthor,weshould.A.laughasmuchaspossibleB.watchmorefunnyfilmsC.avoidsmilingallthetimeD.spendmoretimeinlaughterclinics52.Thebesttitleforthispassagemaybe.A.BothlaughterandphysicalexercisearegoodforhealthB.LaughterclinicshelppatientsimprovetheirconditionC.LaughtercanreducetheeffectsofpainD.Laughteristhebestmedicine.DBeforeanewtypeofairplanegoesintoservice,everypartofitistestedagainandagain.Buttherearetwoteststhataremoreimportantthanalltheothers.Thefirstiscalledthetank贮水池test.Amodemairplanemustflyveryhighinthesky.Airmustbepumpedintotheplanesothatthepassengerscanbreathe.Themetalstructure结高考试卷考试资料构oftheplanehastobeverystrongforthisreason.Whentheplaneisfilledwithair,theairpressesagainsttheskinoftheplaneinside.Thepressure压力onasmallwindowislikeahugefootthatistryingtogetout.Ifasmallpartoftheplaneweretofail,theplanewouldexplode爆炸inthesky.Totestthestructureoftheplane,theplaneisloweredintoahugetankorcontainerofwater.Thenitisfilledwithair.Thepressureinsidetheplaneisgreaterthaniteverwillbewhenitishighupintheair.Finally,thereisanexplosion.Thisdoesnotcausesomuchdamageinsidethewatertankasitwouldanywhereelse.Engineerscandiscoverwhichpartoftheplanehasbroken.Thenthatpartismadestronger.Themostdangeroustesthappenswhenthenewplaneisgoingthroughtestflightsintheair.Thepilotmustfindoutexactlywhathappenswhentheengines发动机areallshutoffatonce.Theplanebeginstofalllikeastone.Itisthepilotsjobtofindouthowhecangetcontroloftheplaneagain.Thesetwotestsareexamplesofhowplanesaremadesafebeforetheyevercarrypassengers.53.Bydoingthetanktest,theengineerscanfindout_______.A.theamountofairintheplaneB.thestrengthoftheplanestructureC.thepressureinsideandoutsidetheplaneD.thepoweroftheairplaneengines54.WhatwillhappentotheplaneunderthetanktestA.Itwillbebroken.B.Itwillbemadestronger.C.Itwillbefilledwithwater.D.Itwillbetestedbypilots,55.Accordingtothetext,whyaretestflightsmostdangerousA.Theplanemayexplodeintheair.B.Thepilotmaylosecontroloftheplane.C.Theenginesmaybedamaged.D.Toomuchairmaygetintotheplane.56.WhatmightbethemostsuitabletitleforthetextA.TwoImportantTestsonAirplanesB.TheImportanceofFlyingSafelyC.TheDangerofTestingAirplanesD.HowAirplanesAreMadeandTestedEMuseumsSkyscraperMuseumWednesdaySunday1000AM600PMAdults53057562385InterestedintallbuildingsDesignThenthismuseumisforyouCheckthehistoricalbuildingsandtheirspecialdesignrightinlowerManhattan.MadameTussaudsWax蜡像MuseumSundayThursday1000AM800PMFridaySaturday1000AM1000PMAdults29Students133055329623ThestudentsinManhattanhadanexcitingexperienceatMadameTussaudsTheymethundredsoffamouspeopleatadiscounted打折priceThismuseumisyourchancetomeetyouridolsandhaveapicturetakenwiththem.BassMuseumofArtTuesdaySaturday1000AM500PM高考试卷考试资料Sunday1100AM500PMAdults8Theold/Students63056737530http//www.bassmuseum.orgEnjoyEuropeanpaintings,andsculptures.Italsoincludesexhibitionsofmodernartistsfromdifferentpartsoftheworld.Youwillalsoenjoyvisitingitsbeautifulmuseumshopandmediacenter.WorldArtMuseumDaily1100AM–MidnightincludingholidaysCost153055329336http//www.weam.comLocatedintheheartoftheSouthBeachArtDecodistrict,thismuseumshouldntbemissedItiscurrentlyoneofSouthFloridashottestnewattractions.57.Ifyouareinterestedinbuildingahouse,youmaygoto_______.A.SkyscraperMuseumB.BassMuseumofArtC.WorldArtMuseumD.MadameTussaudsWaxMuseum58.Ifyouwanttogotoamuseum,butyouareonlyfreeafter10pm,youcanphone_______.A.3056737530B.3055329336C.3055329623D.305756238559.IfyougotoMadameTussaudsWaxMuseum,you______.A.arefreetogoatanytimeB.willhaveagiftfromthemC.canshakehandswithyouridolsD.willhavethechancetotakeapicture60.IfyourclassmateisgoingtoBassMuseumofArtwithhisgrandparents,howmuchwilltheypayA.22B.24C.18D.20第II卷(非选择题)第一节单词拼写(每小题1分,满分15分)在句子的横线上,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。(每空只写一词)。61.________(平均)earningsinthestateareabout1,5000amonth.62.Mike,aforeign______商人,cametothefactorylastweek.63.For各种各样reasons,hehadtoleavehishomeland.64.ThenoticereadsDontcomeinwithout(允许).65.Officerscantworkproperlywithoutcertainimportantpiecesof___________设备.66.Itiswellknownthatqualityismoreimportantthan______数量.67.Thedoctor_____________表扬thedaughterforhercouragethismorning.68.Withthepricesofgoodsgoingup,Thecostoflivingisincreasing___________逐渐.69.Hestoodupandwentout,disappearinginthe____________(远处).70.TheylivedinLondonuntilquite____________最近.71.ThisarticledealswithAmericanliteratureandAmericancultural背景.72.Hestayedtherewatchingoutof________好奇.73.Therewasa广场withtreesandgrassinitinthecenterofthecity.74.Plants倾向于todieifyoudontwaterthemregularly.75.Itwasntuntilthe1960sthattheAustraliangovernmentcametorealizedtheimportanceofpassinglawsto加强therightsofthefirstAustralians.高考试卷考试资料第二节短文改错(每小题1.5分,满分15分)此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个钩(√)如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正该行多一个词把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。该行缺一个词在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。该行错一个词在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。注意原行没有错的不要改。Getagoodeducationismoreimportanttodaythan76._______________everbefore.InCanadamostlychildrenattendpublic77._______________schools.Publicschoolsaremainlyfoundbygovernments78.______________throughtaxincome.StudentsinCanadataughtin79._______________EnglishandinFrench.TherestsofCanadianchildren80._______________attendprivateschools,thataresupportedmainlybyfees81._______________payingbyparents.Bylaw,thechildrenmustattend82._______________theschoolfromage5to16.Thereareseveraldifferent83._______________levelsintheCanadianeducationsystem.Thefirstwas84._______________calledElementarySchools,whichincludekindergartens85._______________throughgrade7or8.第三节书面表达(满分30分)暑假即将来临。你班同学讨论了假期计划,提出了不同看法,请根据提示写一篇有关讨论的英语短文,并谈谈你的看法。注意1.短文写在答题卡上的指定区域,词数80120(不含已写好部分)。2.短文必须包括表中所列要点,可根据内容分段表述。3.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。4.参考词汇眼界horizon或viewThesummerholidayiscoming.Ourclasshavehadadiscussionaboutwhattododuringtheholiday.高考试卷考试资料
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