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BasedonmonolithicintegratedcircuitautomobilesecurityalarmsystemdesignAbstractDecodestheautomobilesecuritysystemusingthemonlitchisintegratedcircuitinteriorresourcesrealizationjumpcode,iteachtimeusestheremotecontrolpasswordallischanging,bothenhancedthesystemsecurity,andgreatlyreducedthecost.KeywordMonolithicintegratedcircuit,Automobilesecuritysystem,Code/decodeIntroductionIsunceasinglyprogressivealongwiththesocialeconomyandthehightechrapiddevelopment,intheroutineworkandthelife,theautomobilehasbecomethepeopleidealtransportationvehicle.Butthefollowingmotorvehiclethecasewhichrobbedgraduallyisalsoincreasedhascreatedthepiloteconomicalpropertyloss.Inordertoreducetheautomobiletorobtheeventtheformationrate,forhastheautomobiletheusertoprovidethesafetycontrol,simplydevelopsonekindtobereliable,theeaseofoperation,cansendoutinthediscoverynormalconditiontothepilotreportstothepolicethereminderandthesecuritywarningsafetysystemhasthepracticalsignificance.Thisarticlebasedontotheexistingautomobilesecurityalarmsystemgeneralizedanalysis,developsonekindofbrandnewsecurityalarmsystem.Thissystemhasmainlyusedthejumpcodecode/decodingprinciple,causestheoverallsystemtobesafer,greatlyreducespasswordexplainingrate.1.SystemprincipleofworkTheautomobilesecurityalarmsystemtheremotecontrolwhichcarriesbythedriverandinstallsintheautomobilethecontrollertwopartscomposes.TheremotecontrolandthecontrolleralluseeightCMOSwhichAmericanATMELCorporationproducestheAVRmonolithicintegratedcircuit,thisseriesmonolithicintegratedcircuitbasedonnewsimplifiesinstructionRtheISCstructure,includestheservicelifemosttobefewis1,000timewrites/scratchesthecirculationtheFlashprogrammemory,aswellastheservicelifeatleastis100,000timewrites/scratchesthecirculationEtheEPROMdatacarrierstorage,some2onlyhavewhentheentirepiececleaningcancleantheprogrammingencryptionlocksthelocalization.1.1SystemdesignTheautomobilesecurityexaminationusestheultrasonicsensor.Theultrasonicsensoriscomposedbytheultrasonicwavetransmissioncircuitandthesupersonicreceptionelectriccircuit,intheautomobilecabappropriateposition,installstheultrasonicwavelaunch/receiver,aswellasswitchelectriccircuitT1.Whentheautomobileparksthevehicleownerpersonmustleavetheautomobile,withremotecontrolclosedswitchT1,theautomobilealarmsystemsatgarrisonsthecondition,aroundthesystemuseultrasonicwaveexaminationvehicleobstacle.Launchesthepartialelectriccircuitslikeschart1toshow.WhenitsP1mouthP1.1,P1.2totheDtrig,theP1.0controlultrasonicwavelaunch,are0,thephotoelectricitycoupleroutputstheTP1endis1,thepermissionultrasonicwavelaunch,launches/thereceiveultrasonicwaveinturn,thecirculationrepeatedlycarrieson.Simultaneouslythemonolithicintegratedcircuitinteriorcounterstartstocount.Thesteamdistancebetweenvehiclesobstacledistanceisthetimewhichsendsoutthroughthesoundnavigationandrangingreflectsspendsdeterminesandcarriesonthecomputation.ThereflectionsignalcausestheDtriggertoproduceinterruptrequestsignalINT1,simultaneouslystopscounting,readstakescountsthevalue,calculatestheactualdistanceaftertheformula,thencarriesonthecomparisonwiththedatumdistance,ifexamineswhentheactualdistanceisbiggerthanreferencevalue80cm,doesnotcarryontheaccustomopticstoreporttothepoliceIfsomepeopleapproachtheautomobiletoenterthecab,theexaminationactualdistanceissmallerthanorwasequaltowhenreferencevalue80cm,throughmonolithicintegratedcircuitP2.2andtheP2.3port,actuatestheindicatinglampdisplaycircuitandthesoundalarmcircuit,sendsoutthreetwoflash.Andtriggersahighlevel,theactuationiswirelesssignaltransmissioncircuit.Chart1Ultrasonicwavetransmissioncircuit1.2Code/decodingprincipleThepresentautomobileremotecontrolsecuritysystemaremanyisusesVD5026/27,PT2262/72,HT12E/Dandsoonthegeneralcode/decodestheelectriccircuit,itspassworddecidedbythecomponentaddress,eachsetofsecuritysystemsuseafixedinvariablepassword.Alongwiththemicroprocessingtechnologydevelopment,throughthereceiveremotecontroltransmittingmessage,mayinterceptthisfixedpassword,moreovergeneralarrangesthedecodingaddresstolosethepersontocarrythecomponentsizelimit,itsquantityisimpossibletoomuch,canobtainnotrepeatedlycodesveryisalsolimited,alsocanveryquicklyexplainthepasswordwiththeautomaticscanner.Therefore,thiskindofpasswordfixedinvariableautomobilesecuritysystemhasreceivedtheseriousthreat.Decodestheautomobilesecuritysystemusingthemonolithicintegratedcircuitinteriorresourcesrealizationjumpcode,iteachtimeusestheremotecontrolpasswordallischanging,withthepasswordnolongerduplicatesuses,causestheinterceptionpasswordalsoismakesafutileeffort,inaddition,itmayincreasetheenoughmanypasswordsfigure,enhancesthesystemresistanceillegalscanningtheability.Theremotecontrolcodingaltogetherhas12bytes,separatelyby3bytescodeschannelscode,3bytescodesforewordsnumber,5bytesjumpscodes,1bytepressedkeyoperationcodeiscomposed.Encodedfrontaddsonlogicineachbyte0totaketheoutsetposition,encodedbehindaddsonalogical1achievementineachbytetostoptheposition,andinmostfrontaddsonseverallogic1totaketheguidancesignal,thisconstitutedtheserialcodedsignalwhichusesintotransmit.Thecodechannelcodeusesintoexpresstheremotecontrolstatuseachsetofsystemsuseafixedchannelcode.Thecodeforewordnumberusesintorecordtheencodedorder,itsstartingvalueis0,themonolithicintegratedcircuiteverytimecodesatime,thecodeforewordnumberupwardlycountstime.ThecodechannelcodeandthecodeforewordnumberdepositsinmonolithicintegratedcircuitEEPROM,guaranteesthempowercuttheinfluence.Thejumpcodeisthesystematictruepassword,itpassesthroughthecomplexspecialalgorithmbythecodechannelcodeandthecodeforewordnumbertoextract,thisspecialalgorithmforeignsecurity.Thepressedkeyoperationcodebythepressedkeywhichpresseswasdecided,whenthehypothesisthekeyispresseddown,itscodedecidesas01HWhenrelievesthekeypressesdown,itscodedecidesas00H.Whetheristhedecodingconfirmsreceivethecodelegitimateaseriesofoperatingprocess.Wasconfirmedthelegitimatecodeneedstosatisfythreeconditions1codesthechannelcodeandthedecodingchannelcodeissame2codedtheforewordnumbertobebiggerthanthedecodingforewordnumberdecodingforewordnumbertorecordonlegitimatelyhasusedcodeforewordnumber,thisconditionmightguaranteebeforehasusedcodewasinvalid3jumpsthecodetobeequaltoreusesthespecialalgorithmtoextractchangesthecode.Afterthemonolithicintegratedcircuitconfirmedreceivesisthelegitimatecode,writesthecodeforewordnumberinthedecodingforewordnumber,andcompletescorrespondingoperationprocessingaccordingtotheoperationcode.ThedecodingchannelcodeandthedecodingforewordnumberalsodepositsinmonolithicintegratedcircuitEEPROM,guardsagainstbecauseofpowercutloses.1.3SecurityreportstothepolicerealizationIfwillhaverobberChenZheRutheroom,startstheautomobile,afterwrongpassword,thentheautomobilestoragebattery12Vvoltage,theignitionelectriccurrentwayignitionlock,theignitionoutage,theengineextinguishes,againstarts,willduplicatetheaboveprocess,likethis,thebanditsandthievesalwayswillnotbeabletostarttheautomobile,willnotbeabletoachieveitsanticipatedgoal.ThealarmcircuitmainlyiscomposedbytheintegratedblockandthespeakerandelectronicswitchingSCR.Triodeorthemultipleunittube,areforenhancetheelectriccircuitmeasurewhichthepowerbutoftenuses,ithascomposedacurrentamplificationfactorverybigequivalenttransistor,totalenlargementfactorforthesetwoenlargementfactorproduct.SCRistheelectronicswitchingwhichconstitutesbythesiliconcontrolledrectifier,theelectriccapacityandtheresistanceconstitutionnegativeboosterconcurrentlyfilter,provides34VtoICthevoltage,ICistracesDrawsupsoundreportstothepolicetheintegratedcircuit,thealarmapparatusbytheSCRcontrol,robsthevehiclethiefonceafterthewrongpassword,thenthestoragebatteryelectriccurrententersthesecuritysystembesidesagroup,anothergroupisstartedintheengine,afterleadstheenginework,naturalcontactoutputvoltage,afterthedifferentiatingcircuit,siliconcontrolledrectifierSCRistriggered,alsopassesthroughtheresistancetofallthepressure,thevoltageaddsintheICpowersourceinputend,ICobtainsthevoltageoutputalarm,enlargesafterthemultipleunittube,Destroysmovesthespeakertosendoutresoundinglyreportstothepolicethesound.whenstaticstate,entireelectriccircuitdoesnotconsumetheelectricity.2.SoftwaredesignThealarmapparatussoftwaredesignmainlydividesintoMasterroutinealarmapparatusinitialization,keymodulationanddecodingAlarmapparatusinterrupt
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