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附录(专业英语翻译)英文原文BriefanalysisintegrationofmachinerytechnologypresentsituationandthetrendofdevelopmentFromwww.studa.net1.IntroductionModernscienceandtechnologyunceasingdevelopment,impelleddifferentdisciplineintersectingenormouslywiththeseepage,hascausedtheprojectdomaintechnologicalrevolutionandthetransformation.Inmechanicalengineeringdomain,becausethemicroelectronictechnologyandthecomputertechnologyrapiddevelopmentandformstothemechanicalindustryseepagetheintegrationofmachinery,causedthemechanicalindustrythetechnicalstructure,theproductorganization,thefunctionandtheconstitution,theproductionmethodandthemanagementsystemhashadthehugechange,causedtheindustrialproductiontoenterintotheintegrationofmachinerybythemachineryelectrificationforthecharacteristicdevelopmentphase2.IntegrationofmachineryoutlineIntegrationofmachineryisrefersintheorganizationnewownerfunction,thepowerfunction,intheinformationprocessingfunctionandthecontrolfunctionintroducestheelectronictechnology,unifiesthesystemthemechanismandthecomputerizationdesignandthesoftwarewhichconstitutesalwaystocall.Theintegrationofmachinerydevelopmentalsohasbecomeonetohaveuntilnowownsystemnewdiscipline,notonlydevelopsalongwiththescienceandtechnology,butalsoentrustswiththenewcontent.ButitsbasiccharacteristicmaysummarizeisTheintegrationofmachineryisembarksfromthesystemviewpoint,synthesiscommunitytechnologiesandsoonutilizationmechanicaltechnology,microelectronictechnology,automaticcontroltechnology,computertechnology,informationtechnology,sensingobservationandcontroltechnology,electricpowerelectronictechnology,connectiontechnology,informationconversiontechnologyaswellassoftwareprogrammingtechnology,accordingtothesystemfunctiongoalandtheoptimizedorganizationgoal,reasonabledispositionandthelayoutvariousfunctionsunit,inmultipurpose,highgrade,redundantreliable,inthelowenergyconsumptionsignificancerealizethespecificfunctionvalue,andcausestheoverallsystemoptimizationthesystemsengineeringtechnology.Fromthisproducesfunctionalsystem,thenbecomesanintegrationofmachinerysystematicortheintegrationofmachineryproduct.Therefore,integrationofmachinerycoveringtechnologyandproducttwoaspects.Onlyis,theintegrationofmachinerytechnologyisbasedontheabovecommunitytechnologyorganicfusiononekindofcomprehensivetechnology,butisnotmechanicaltechnical,themicroelectronictechnologyaswellasothernewtechnicalsimplecombination,piecestogether.Thisistheintegrationmachineryandthemachineryaddsthemachineryelectrificationwhichtheelectricityformsintheconceptbasicdifference.Themechanicalengineeringtechnologyhasthemerelytechnicaltodevelopthemachineryelectrification,stillwasthetraditionalmachinery,itsmainfunctionstillwasreplaceswiththeenlargementphysicalstrength.Butafterdevelopstheintegrationofmachinery,microelectroninstallmentbesidesmaysubstituteforcertainmechanicalpartstheoriginalfunction,butalsocanentrustwithmanynewfunctions,liketheautomaticdetection,theautomaticreductioninformation,demonstratetherecord,theautomaticcontrolandthecontrolautomaticdiagnosisandtheprotectionautomaticallyandsoon.Notonlynamelytheintegrationofmachineryproductishumanshandandbodyextending,humanssenseorganandthebrainslook,hastheintellectualizedcharacteristicistheintegrationofmachineryandthemachineryelectrificationdistinguishesinthefunctionessence3.IntegrationofmachinerydevelopmentconditionIntegrationofmachinerydevelopmentmaydivideinto3stagesroughly.20thcentury60sbeforeforthefirststage,thisstageiscalledtheinitialstage.Inthistime,thepeopledeterminationnotonownsinitiativeusestheelectronictechnologythepreliminaryachievementtoconsummatethemechanicalproducttheperformance.EspeciallyinSecondWorldWarperiod,thewarhasstimulatedthemechanicalproductandtheelectronictechnologyunion,thismechanicalandelectricalunionmilitarytechnology,postwartransferscivilly,topostwareconomicalrestorationpositivefunction.Developedandthedevelopmentatthattimegenerallyspeakingalsoisatthespontaneouscondition.Becauseatthattimetheelectronictechnologydevelopmentnotyetachievedcertainlevel,mechanicaltechnicalandelectronictechnologyunionalsonotimpossiblewidespreadandthoroughdevelopment,alreadydevelopedtheproductwasalsounabletopromotemassively.The20thcentury7080agesforthesecondstage,maybecalledthevigorousdevelopmentstage.Thistime,thecomputertechnology,thecontroltechnology,thecommunicationdevelopment,haslaidthetechnologybasefortheintegrationofmachinerydevelopment.Largescale,ultralargescaleintegratedcircuitandmicrocomputerswiftandviolentdevelopmenthasprovidedthefullmaterialbasefortheintegrationofmachinerydevelopment.Thistimecharacteristicis①AmacaroniswordfirstgenerallyisacceptedinJapan,probablyobtainsthequitewidespreadacknowledgmentto1980slaststagesintheworldwidescale②Theintegrationofmachinerytechnologyandtheproductobtainedtheenormousdevelopment③Thevariouscountriesstarttotheintegrationofmachinerytechnologyandtheproductgivetheverybigattentionandthesupport.1990slaterperiods,startedtheintegrationofmachinerytechnologythenewstagewhichmakesgreatstridesforwardtotheintellectualizeddirection,theintegrationofmachineryentersthethoroughdevelopmenttime.Atthesametime,optics,thecommunicationandsoonenteredtheintegrationofmachinery,processesthetechnologyalsoZhantoappeartinyintheintegrationofmachinerythefoot,appearedthelightintegrationofmachineryandthemicrointegrationofmachineryandsoonthenewbranchOntheotherhandtotheintegrationofmachinerysystemmodelingdesign,theanalysisandtheintegratedmethod,theintegrationofmachinerydisciplinesystemandthetrendofdevelopmenthasallconductedthethoroughresearch.Atthesametime,becausethehugeprogresswhichdomainsandsoonartificialintelligencetechnology,neuralnetworktechnologyandopticalfibertechnologyobtain,openedthedevelopmentvastworldfortheintegrationofmachinerytechnology.Theseresearcheswillurgetheintegrationofmachineryfurthertoestablishtheintegritythefoundationandformstheintegritygraduallythescientificsystem.Ourcountryisonlythenstartsfromthebeginningof1980sinthisaspecttostudywiththeapplication.TheStateCouncilhadbeenestablishedtheintegrationofmachineryleadinggroupandlistsas863plansthistechnology.Whenformulated95theplanandin2010developedthesummaryhadconsideredfullyoninternationaltheinfluencewhichandpossiblybroughtfromthisabouttheintegrationofmachinerytechnologydevelopmenttrend.Manyuniversities,collegesandinstitutes,thedevelopmentfacilityandsomelargeandmiddlescaleenterpriseshavedonethemassiveworktothistechnicaldevelopmentandtheapplication,doesnotyieldcertainresult,butandsoontheadvancedcountriescomparedwithJapanstillhasthesuitabledisparity.4.IntegrationofmachinerytrendofdevelopmentIntegrationsofmachineryarethecollectionmachinery,theelectron,optics,thecontrol,thecomputer,theinformationandsoonthemultidisciplinaryoverlappingsyntheses,itsdevelopmentandtheprogressrelyonandpromotethecorrelationtechnologydevelopmentandtheprogress.Therefore,theintegrationofmachinerymaindevelopmentdirectionisasfollows4.1IntellectualizedIntellectualizationsare21stcenturyintegrationofmachinerytechnologicaldevelopmentimportantdevelopmentdirections.Theartificialintelligenceobtainsdaybydayintheintegrationofmachineryconstructorsresearchtakes,therobotandthenumericalcontrolenginebedintellectualizationistheimportantapplication.Heresaidtheintellectualizationistothemachinebehaviordescription,isinthecontroltheoryfoundation,theabsorptionartificialintelligence,theoperationsresearch,thecomputerscience,thefuzzymathematics,thepsychology,thephysiologyandthechaosdynamicsandsoonthenewthought,thenewmethod,simulatethehumanintelligence,enableittohaveabilitiesandsoonjudgmentinference,logicalthinking,independentdecisionmaking,obtainsthehighercontrolgoalinorderto.Indeed,enabletheintegrationofmachineryproducttohavewiththehumanidenticalintelligence,isnotimpossible,andalsoisnonessential.But,thehighperformance,thehighspeedmicroprocessorenabletheintegrationofmachineryproducttohavepreliminaryintelligentorhumanspartialintelligences,theniscompletelypossibleandessential.4.2ModularModulationsareoneitemimportantandthearduproject.Becausetheintegrationofmachineryproducttypeandthemanufactureraremany,butthedevelopmentandthedevelopmenthavestandardmechanicalconnection,electricalconnection,powerconnection,theenvironmentconnectionintegrationofmachineryproductunitareanitemextremelycomplexalsoaretheextremelyimportantmatters.Ifthedevelopmentcollectiondecelerations,theintelligentvelocitymodulationtheelectricalmachineryinabodypowerunit,havefunctionandsoonvision,imageryprocessing,recognitionandrangefindercontrolunits,aswellaseachkindcancompletethemodeloperation
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