黑龙江省绥化市安达市第七中学2020届高三得分训练(一)英语试卷

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《黑龙江省绥化市安达市第七中学2020届高三得分训练(一)英语试卷》

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英语试卷第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项( A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。AIdeally situated San Antonio Hotel+Spa is only 150 meters away from the beautiful Qawra Promenade. This newly redecorated hotel offers an extensive range of modern facilities, entertainment and animation programs and enjoys its own concession( 特许经营权 )on the nearby beach. It's an ideal choice for those seeking to relax and enjoy the best of what Malta has to offer .AccommodationSan Antonio Hotel+Spa offers big , modern rooms all with a balcony. Interconnecting rooms and disabled access rooms are available upon request. All the guest rooms are well equipped with heating and air conditioning , a private bathroom with a hair dryer , a telephone, a satellite TV , a mini-fridge , tea and coffee making facilities , free Wi-Fi , and a ceiling fan .Facilities2 pools— an indoor pool(with a baby pool)and an outdoor poolA health club including the fully-equipped gym, aerobic studio, steam bath, saunas and JacuzziPrivate underground parkingShops, restaurants and bars(the mini bar only opens on request)Meals &DrinksThree meals a day, with lunch / dinner including house wine /beer, soft drinks, mineral waterTea, coffee, soft drinks, local fruit juices, water, house beer /spirits, cocktailsAttention: Now a FREE room upgrade is provided; an upgrade is valid on inland and pool view rooms. A free upgrade to the next room category depends on availability and can be withdrawn at any time. The offer is valid on new bookings made between June 22 and July 1 with travel dates within July 1 to October 31(staying for a minimum of 5 nights) .What is the most typical feature of the hotel?A. Traditional . B. Kid-centered . C. Disabled-accessible. D.Well-equipped.What do we know about the hotel?Its two pools are for adults only .Customers cannot make coffee by themselves there .Mineral water is served during three meals .Its mini bar is not always in business .Who may get a free upgraded room?A. One who books before June 22 . B. One who books a double room .C. One who stays from October 20 to 30 . D. One who will stay between July 1 and3.BIt was rush hour in the morning. Heather Sant, 36, was driving her white 2012 Mazda on theroad with her nine-year-old daughter and ten-year-old son in the back. Suddenly, a red pickup truck cut them off. Sant turned the wheel hard to the right, sending the Mazda slide off the road and down an embankment(路堤)that ended in a drop-off after about 50 feet. If the car didn ' t stop,it would take off and dive into the road some 20 feet below. Then a bit of luck: as the car raced toward the edge, its undercarriage got stuck, stopping it suddenly.The people inside, however, were far from safe. The car had come to rest on top of a retaining wall(护墙),balancing on the edge of disaster. One sudden move by anyone inside could throw the car off balance and send it over. Jacob Rodriguez watched everything in terror from the nearby truck company where he works. As an experienced sailor, just like every time he met shipwreck, he whispered a sailing saying , shipm atShjpself”, then immediately he and fourother men ran to the car. They leaped onto the trunk( 后备箱)to balance the weight as the terrified kids in the back seat watched.Meanwhile, Julio and his nephew Marco, were driving to their jobs at nearby Premier Automotive. Julio jumped out of the car to help while Marco went to the shop, grabbed a strong rope, and returned to the car. He tied the Mazda to an F-350 truck that had been driven over by one of the other rescuers. With the car secured, the group carefully opened the back doors and helped the children out. But their departure shifted the cars weight, causing it to tip forward. The men, still on the trunk, begged Sant to jump into the back seat. She did and then inched out of the back door. Finally, the men carefully got off the trunk. Everyone was safe.“Another foot, " Rodriguez toldTUdOy, “ and this would be a different story. ”What most probably caused the traffic accident?A. The Mazda was overloaded. B. Sant was really speeding.C. The wheel failed to work. D. The pickup cut in abruptly.Why did the men ask Sant to move to the back seat?A. To open the back door of the car. B. To fasten the rope to the truck.C. To keep the balance of the car. D. To help the men get off the trunk.What does Rodriguez want to stress in the last paragraph?The timely help offered by rescuers.The excellent cooperation of all the people.The dangerous position where the car stopped.The serious danger the rescuers faced.Which of the following statements is consistent with the theme of the passage?A. Persistence will pay off. B. One in trouble, all to help.C. Many hands make light work. D. Doing is better than saying.CThe conclusion of the Paris Agreement in 2015, in which almost every nation was committed to reducing their carbon emissions, was supposed to be a turning point in the fight against climate change. But many countries have already fallen behind their goals. Meanwhile emissions worldwide continue to rise.The only way to catch up is to aggressively pursue an approach that takes advantage of every possible strategy to reduce emissions. Wind and solar energy are usually part of this effort, but it must also include investing heavily in carbon capture, utilization(应用)and storage(CCUS) —a range of technologies that pull carbon dioxide from the air, and transform it into useful materials or store it underground. Although CCUS has been opposed as too expensive and unproved, recent gains have made it far more effective. Improvements such as chemical compounds could drive the cost down from $100 per ton of captured carbon in 2016 to $ 20 per ton by 2025, according to a 2016 article in Science.Three primary CCUS paths lead to the reduction of carbon emissions: retrofitting(改 装)existing power plants; reducing emissions in industries that cannot run on renewable energy;and directly removing carbon from the air. Cutting emissions from existing electric power stations with CCUS could be made more appealing in a future with a circular carbon economy, in which captured carbon could be resold and recycled for other uses— for instance, serving as a raw material for making concrete or plastics.The basic idea of carbon capture has faced a lot of opposition. Skepticism has come from climate change deniers, who see it as a waste of money, and from passionate supporters of climate action, who fear that it would be used to justify continued reliance on fossil fuels. Both groups are ignoring the recent advances and the opportunity they present. By limiting investment in decarbonization, the world will miss a major avenue for reducing emissions in a variety of industries. CCUS can also create jobs and profits from what was previously only a waste material by creating a larger economy around carbon.The transition to clean energy has become necessary. But that transition ' s ability to achieve deep decarbonization will become less effective without this wide range of solutions, which must include CCUS.What can CCUS technologies do in reducing emissions?A. Closing down existing power plants. B. Limiting investment in heavy industry.C. Processing raw materials underground. D. Turning carbon dioxide into usefulmaterials.Why is it attractive to retrofit existing power plants with CCUS?It can remove carbon directly from the air.It can benefit the industry economically.It is the most affordable way to capture carbon.It helps power plants produce concrete or plastics.What can be inferred from paragraph 4?Fossil fuels will be no longer used in future.Investing in decarbonization is a worthwhile project.Climate change deniers believe in the necessity of decarbonization.Little progress has been made in the fight against carbon emissions.What can be a suitable title for the text?Capture That CarbonLet Carbon GoStand Firm with Energy ProtectionSay Goodbye to Energy CrisisDOver the years, cheerleading has taken two primary forms: game-time cheerleading and competitive cheerleading. Game- time cheerleaders ' main goal is to entertain the crowd and lead them with team cheers, which should not be considered a sport. However, competitive cheerleading is more than a form of entertainment. It is really a competitive sport.Competitive cheerleading includes lots of physical activity. The majority of the teams requirea certain level of tumbling ( 翻腾)ability. It ' s a very common thing for gymnasts, so it ' s easy fcthem to go into competitive cheerleading. Usually these cheerleaders integrate lots of their gymnastics experience including their jumps, tumbling, and overall energy. They also perform lifts and throws. This is where the “ fliers " are thrown in the air, held by “ bases " in differentthat require strength and working with other teammates.Competitive cheerleading is also an activity that is governed by rules under which a winner can be declared. It is awarded points for technique, creativity and sharpness. Usually the more difficult the action is, the better the score is. That ' s why cheerleaders are trying to experience gdifficulty in their performance.Besides, there is also a strict rule of time. The whole performance has to be completed in less than three minutes and fifteen seconds, during which the cheerleaders are required to stay within a certain area. Any performance beyond the limit of time is invalid.Another reason for the fact that competitive cheerleading is one of the hardest sports is that it has more reported injuries. According to some research, competitive cheerleading is the number one cause of serious sports injuries to women. Emergency room visits for it are five times the number than for any other sport, partially because cheerleaders don ' itse protective equipment. Smiling cheerleaders are thrown into the air and move down into the arms of the teammates, which may easily cause injuries. Generally, these injuries affect all areas of the body, including wrists, shoulders, ankles, head, and neck.There can be no doubt that competitive cheerleading is a sport with professional skills. Hopefully, it will appear in the Olympics since cheerleaders are just as athletic and physically fit as those involved in the more accepted sports. It should be noted that it is a team sport and even the smallest mistake made by one teammate can bring the score of the entire team down. So without working together to achieve the goal, first place is out of reach.What is the main purpose of competitive cheerleading?To compare skills of participants.To make the audience feel amused.To attract more people to watch events.To cheer up the competitors on the court.The underlined word a integrate " in Paragraph 2 probably means "”.A. examine B. combine C. identify D. replaceWe can learn from the passage that competitive cheerleading.lacks necessary guidelines to followenjoys greater popularity than other sportsrequires more designed actions than gymnasticshas a relatively high rate of damage to the bodyWhich of the following shows the structure of the passage?Introduction P: Point Sp: Sub-point (次要点)C: Conclusion第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。Apologizing the Right Way to a FriendWhy are apologies so difficult? Saying you are sorry can be one of the most difficult things you do. But we all make mistakes, so you ' lprobably have an occasion when you need to apologize.Perhaps you had a big blow up and realized later you reacted poorly. 36 . Whateverthe reason is, apologizing can help you both heal and move on from the situation.37 . First, you acknowledge that you did something wrong. With an apology , you takeresponsibility for your actions, which allows your friend to forgive you. Second, an apology shows your sincerity as a friend. 38 , but that doesn ' t mean you still shouldn ' t apologize.Now, what are elements of a proper apology? 39 , depending on what the offense was,where it was done, and who you are apologizing to. In general, a good apology should include the following: a request for their attention, an acknowledgment of what happened, sincerity in admitting you did something wrong and the words " I ' m sorry " or "I apologize. ”Here are things never to say when apologizing. Note that the art of apologizing involves taking responsibility. Never apologize as a way to “ shut someone up " when they are saying youhurt their feelings and you don ' t think you40id. , you should talk things through withyour friends until you see why they are hurt or how you came across. You' lreally need to self-reflect so you can see things from you r friend ' s point of view.When you make your apology in personIf you really believe you did nothing wrongApologies benefit friendships in a variety of waysThe way you apologize is going to be slightly differentOr maybe you just didn ow supshort when you needed toApologizing the right way, however, may take a little practiceSometimes our pals forgive us easily for the minor things we do wrong第三部分:语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45分)第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项( A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项。Next week, strangers with a truck will take away everything we own, except the clothes on our backs, the car we will drive, and as much stuff as we can pack into it .It ' s called 41 . Some people do it often. For others, like me, it s' a 42 experience. Inall my adult years, I ' ve moved only three timesMy first 43 and I moved into our first house with a bed, our clothes and a few gifts. That was many years ago. Over the years, I 44 that house with three children, a few dogs and enough stuff to 45 the ceiling.Then the kids grew up, I lost my husband to cancer, and I began to learn about 46 .First, I let go of the 47 of being in control. Life isn ' ab out being in charge of what 48; it ' s about being in charge of whwe do with it.Next, I let go of 49 the things I care most about, like keeping in touch with the people that 50 the most to me.I let go of the people whose 51 are about anger or hatred, and tried instead to _52 myself with those who shine with 53 .Finally, I let go of being alone —I remarried. I 54 moved to a new city with my new husband, and after that move, I 55 I ' d stop collecting meaningless thingsBut 12 years later, here I am, still learning about letting go.Wd ll all move someday from this 56 to the next, but we won' need a truck to do it. Wd ll take 57 with us and leave behind a(n) 58 of the life we lived, the mistakes we 59, and all the love and kindness we tried to show.That memory might not be a treasure, but if we ' re60 , someone will keep it and hold it close and never let it go.41. A. movingB. changingC. losingD. missing42. A. similarB. familiarC. rareD. valuable43. A. sonB. daughterC. husbandD. wife44. A. equippedB. providedC. involvedD. filled45. A. paintB. repairC. buildD. reach46. A. letting goB. holding onC. giving backD. turning down47. A. planB. ideaC. impressionD. decision48. A. devotesB. mattersC. happensD. applies49. A. putting offB. coming acrossC. making outD. taking over50. A. offerB.appearC. meanD. indicate51. A. issuesB. subjectsC. livesD. beliefs52. A. presentB. attractC. supportD. surround53. A. kindnessB. patienceC. fortuneD. humour54. A. naturallyB. regularlyC. formallyD. eventually55. A. suggestedB. informedC. insistedD. promised56. A. cityB. townC. worldD. country57. A. somethingB. anythingC. everythingD. nothing58. A. experienceB. memoryC. recordD. history A. completed B. made C. conducted D. forgotA. optimistic B. fortunate C. determined D. generous第二节:语法填空(共10题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容( 1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。Earth Day is an event 61 (annual) celebrated on April 22. 62 (found) bySenator Gaylord Nelson, an American politician and environmentalist, it was originally aimed at helping the public to know the current situation of pollution and 63 (get) people to careabout the earth.In 1962, Rachel Carson ' bestseller " SilentSpring "created an 64 (aware) of the dangerous effects of pesticides(农药).Then, a fire, 65 broke out in 196 9 on Cleveland ' s Guyahoga River, revealed the problem of chemical pollution in water. Senator Gaylord Nelson dreamed of 66 similar event that would get people to take environmental issues seriously.In 1969, he was inspired by protests against the Vietnam War and came up with the idea for Earth Day.In the fall of 1969, Nelson announced it and appealed to the entire country to get involved. Consequently, telegrams, letters and telephone calls 67 all over the country poured in. Since 1970, Earth Day celebrations have grown. Later, Nelson 68 (award) the Presidential Medal of Freedom because of his work.Today, numerous communities celebrate Earth Week, an entire week of 69 (activity) focused on the environmental issues. In 2017, the March for Science 70 (occur) on Earth Day and was followed by the People ' s Climate Mobilization on April 29, 2017.第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(人),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。How are things going with you? ItDear Wang Ping,How are things going with you? Its been six month sincabrouustudEngland

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