湖南省2024年学业水平合格性考试高二英语模拟预测卷三学生版_第1页
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湖南省2024年学业水平合格性考试高二英语模拟预测卷(三)本试卷共41小题,满分100分。考试用时90分钟。注意事项:1.答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名、考生号、考场号和座位号填写在答题卡上。用2B笔将试卷类型(B)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。将条形码横贴在答题卡右上角“条形码粘贴处”。2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑:如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案。答案不能答在试卷上。3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置上:如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案:不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。第一部分阅读技能(共两节,满分45分)第一节阅读理解(共12小题;每小题3分,满分36分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D项中选出最佳选项。,并在答题卡上将选项涂黑AIfyouhaveproblemsdescribingpeople,don’tworry!We’llusepopularfilmcharacters(角色)tohelpyoulearnsomeusefulwords.NaiveMeaning:Ifsomeoneisnaive,theyhavelittleexperienceandbelievegoodthingswillalwayshappen.Example:InthefilmEI,Buddyisanaivepersonwhogrowsupwithelves(精灵).Oneday,hegoestoNewYorkCitybutfindsthingsverydifferentthere.Director:DavidBerenbaumLoyalMeaning:Ifyou’reloyal,youalwaysgivesupporttoapersonoragroupandhelpthemandacthonestly.Example:InthefilmToyStory,Woodyisloyaltohisfriendsandowner,Andy.HestayswithAndy,evenwhenAndygrowsupandgoestocollege.Director:JohnLasseterDemandingMeaning:Ifsomeoneisdemanding,theyarenoteasilysatisfiedorpleased.Example:InthefilmTheDevilWearsPrada,Mirandaisverydemanding.Shealwaysworksveryhard,andexpectsotherstodothesame.Director:DavidBerenbaumTalentedMeaning:Ifyou’retalented,youhaveanaturalabilitytodosomethingwell.Example:InthefilmMcFarland,USA,coachWhitenoticessometalentedrunnersinhisPEclass.Heformsacross-countrygroupthatracesagainstotherschools.Director:NikiCaroWhichwordisusedtodescribeapersonwithanaturalabilitytodosomethingwell?A.Naive. B.Loyal. C.Demanding. D.Talented.2.Whoalwaysgivessupporttofriendsaccordingtothefilms?A.Buddy. B.Woody. C.DavidFrankel. D.NikiCaro.3.Inthefilmabove,WhatdoEIandDevilWearsPradahaveincommon?A.Theyaredirectedbythesamedirector.B.Theyexpressthesamemeaning.C.Theyhavethesamemaincharacter.D.Theybothbelievegoodthingswillalwayshappen.4.Inwhichpartofamagazinecanwereadthetext?A.Sport. B.Travel. C.Language. D.Environment.BWhileahealthydiethasalwaysbeenconsiderednecessaryforfitness,manyhospitalshavefailedtonoticeitspowerfulpotentialforcuring.Insomeareas,that’sbeginningtochange.InPennsylvaniafouryearsago,St.Luke’sHospitalpartneredwithRodaleInstitutetostartanorganicproduce(有机农产品)farmatthehospital’scampusinEaston.Sinceitsfirstseason,theSt.Luke’sfarmhasbecomegreaterinsize.Today,St.Luke’ssendsallnewmothershomewithabasketoforganicproduce.Newmomsaren’ttheonlyonesbenefitingfromthefarm’sgenerousactions.Organicproduceisalsoservedtopatients.Meanwhile,itiscookedupincafeteriasoperatedbythehospital’ssix-campusnetworkandsoldatnearbyfarmers’markets.Whilesomehospitalsaregettingfoodfromnearbyfarms,othersareturningunusedlandontheirgroundsintocommunity(社区)gardens.Eventhoughmosthospitalfarmsaren’tgrowingenoughtocompletelygivetheirworkersandpatientsfoodneeds,providingevenasmallamountoffreshproducemakeseducationalinformationabouthowhealthyanddeliciousaplant-richdietcanbe.Whilethefarm-to-hospitalmovementcontinuestogainsupport,it’sexperiencingsomechallengesalongtheway.Forone,healthworkersdon’tnecessarilyknowhowtogrowfood.Thismeansthatmosthospitalsneedtohireafull-timefarmerandotherfarmlabortomanagetheland,whichcanbeexpensive.Ittakesbetween3and5yearsformosthospitalfarmstomakethecostandincomeequal.Evenso,thesehospitalsbelievethatthebenefitsareworthwhile.Asthemovementcontinuestoenlarge,youmightsoonexperienceafarm-freshmealatahospitalnearyou.5.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“its”inParagraph1referto?A.RodaleInstitute’s. B.St.Luke’sfarm’s.C.Thecommunity’s. D.St.Luke’shospital’s.6.WhatcanwelearnaboutSt.Luke’sHospital?A.Itoperatesahospitalfarmalone.B.Itsellsorganicproducetopatients.C.Itpaysmuchlessattentiontoahealthydiet.D.Itoffersnewmomsorganicproduceforfree.7.Whydosomehospitalscreatecommunitygardens?A.Togetplantsfromthecommunity.B.Tomakefulluseofthegreenland.C.Tooffertheirworkersenoughfood.D.Toeducatepeopleonaplant-richdiet.8.Whatcanweinferfromthelastparagraph?A.Managinghospitalfarmscostsnothing.B.Hospitalfarmswillbenefitmorepeople.C.Farm-to-hospitalmovementisworthless.D.Healthworkershavetolearntogrowfood.CWhenlivingortravellinginternationally,wenoticethedifferencesbetweenculturesbeforeseeingthesimilarities.Atfirst,somedifferencesareeasytospot.Overtime,however,therearesomecurioussimilaritiesbetweenhowpeopleintheUKandChinacommunicate.Indeed,internationalresidentsinbothcountriesoftencomplainabouthavingtoreadwhatlocalpeoplereallymean,becauseitoftendiffersfromwhatissaid.IntheUK,outsidersoftengetconfusedwhentheyrealisethatapersonmakingrudecommentswasactuallyshowinglove.Insituationslikethis,contextiseverything.Likewise,inChina,outsidersmustinfermostmeaningfromcontextandfromwhatisnotsaid,ratherthanfromwhatis.Otherwise,misunderstandingshappen.TheUKandChinacontextssharefurtherculturalfeatures,whichgreatlyinfluencehowpeoplecommunicate,includingtheculturaltrait(特点)ofnon-conflict.TheBritishwilldoeverythingtoavoidconflict.Theywilprobablytellthewaiteritwaslovelyevenwhenservedwithpoorqualityfood.Thisculturaltraitcancausemajormisunderstandings.Forexample,aBritishbusinesspartnerwhoisdeeplyunhappywithyourproposalwillprobablysay“therearejustacoupleofsmallconcerns,”ratherthantellingyouthattheentireproposalisunsatisfactory.Chinesecommunicationshowsaverysimilarconflictprevention.Oftenchallenges,errors,mistakes,orproblemsremaincompletelytaboos(禁忌)astopicsofdiscussion,eventhougheveryoneknowsoftheirexistence.Instead,peopletalkaboutworkingtowardsfurthergoalsorobjectives,ratherthandirectlyadmitthatthecurrentsituationisfarfromsatisfactory.Likewise,Chinesepeopleliketokeepasenseofharmonywithinallenvironments,andsoavoidopencriticismofeachother.ThisisverysimilartothewaythataBritishpersonmighttellyouacolleague“isveryconfident”ratherthanthattheyarerude.Inthissense,theBritishandChinesecanappreciateeachotherforharmony.9.WhatdoestheauthorsuggestinParagraph2?A.Politecommentsareencouraged. B.Learningwhatisnotsaidisdifficult.C.Contextisimportantincommunication. D.Misunderstandingsoftenhappenamongoutsiders.10.WhatwilltheBritishandtheChineseprobablybothagreewith?A.Talkingovertaboosindiscussions. B.Preventingmisunderstandingsinwork.C.Avoidingdiscussingone’smistakesinpublic. D.Makinguseofculturaltraitsincommunication.11.Howdoestheauthordevelopthispassage?A.Byusingfigures. B.Bymakingcomparison.C.Bylistingreasons. D.Bymakingclassifications.12.Whichisthemostsuitabletitleforthepassage?A.CulturalContext B.ConflictPreventionC.CulturalDifferences D.CommunicationPuzzles第二节小标题填空(共3小题;每小题3分,满分9分)下面文章中有三处(第13~15题)需要添加小标题,请从以下选项(A、B、C和D)中选出符合各段意思的小标题,并在答题卡上将相对应选项的标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多余选项。Whatdoyoudowhenyouhaveafewminutestospare?Ifyou’relikemanypeople,youseizetheopportunitytodopuzzlesonyourphone.Therearethousandsofpuzzlestochoosefromthatcanbeworkedonatyourconvenience.Usually,theycanbedividedintocertaintypesandherearefourofthemostcommon.____13____Oneofthemostpopularwordpuzzles—thecrossword—hasbeenaroundfornearly110years.Crosswordscanbedonewithpaperandpenciloronline.Sometimeswordpuzzlesinvolvefindingnewwordswithinalargegroupofletters.Thistypeofwordpuzzleiscalledawordsearch.Wordpuzzlesusuallytestyourvocabulary.____14____Figuringoutthesolutiontosuchapuzzlerequirescarefulthoughtratherthanguessing.MineFinderisanexampleoflogicpuzzles.InMineFinderplayersmustthinkclearlytodeterminewheretheminesarehiddeninagrid(方格).____15____Mathpuzzlesinvolvenumbers,wordsorobjectsandtheuseofmath.Surprisingly,theever–popularCandyCrushisclassifiedasamathpuzzle.Calculationskillsarerequiredforplayerstosuccessfullymoveandmatchcoloredcandies.Therearemanyotherkindsofpuzzles.Butnomatterwhichyouprefer,puzzlesareagreatwaytospendyourtime.A.LogicpuzzlesB.MechanicalpuzzlesC.MathpuzzlesD.Wordpuzzles第二部分知识运用(共两节,满分25分)第一节完型填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下列短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、C、D项中选出最佳选项。,并在答题卡上将选项涂黑Asmyfatherwalkedintotheroom,mybrotherbecamenervous,heknewthathehaddonesomething16.FromadistanceIcouldseethathehadopenedmyfather'snewbookanddrawnalloverthefirstpagewithapencil.Now,staringatmyfatherfearfully,heandIbothwaitedforhis17.

Myfatherpickeduphismuch-lovedbook,lookedatit18forquiteawhile,andthensatdown,withoutsayingaword.Bookswereimportanttohim;hewasateacherandhadseveraldegrees.Forhim,bookswereknowledge,andyethelovedhischildren.Whathedidnextwasremarkable.Insteadofpunishingmybrother,hesatdown,tookthepenfrommybrother'shand,andthen19inthebookhimself,alongsidethedrawingsmadebyJohn:John'swork,1959,age2.Youhavemadethebookpriceless.I'mverythankfultoyoufordrawinginmybook.

Theyearsandthebookscameandwent.Ourfamily20whatallfamiliesgothroughandperhapsalittlebitmore:successandfailure,gainandloss,21andtears.Fromtimetotimewewouldopenthebook,lookatthedrawings,readmyfather'swordsof22,andfeeluplifted.NowIknowthatthroughthissimpleactmyfather23ushoweverybadeventinlifecanhaveapositiveside—ifwearepreparedtolookatitfromanotherangle—andhowpreciousitiswhenourlivesaretouchedbythe24ofothers.Buthealsotaughtusaboutwhatreally25inlife:people,notobjects;tolerance,notjudgment;love,notanger.

EachtimeIthinkaboutthesethings,Iwillsmileandwhisper,“Thankyou,Dad.”16.A.reasonableB.newC.wrongD.brave17.A.praiseB.commentC.punishmentD.carefully18.A.carelesslyB.casuallyC.quicklyD.carefully19.A.wroteB.lookedC.drewD.cut20.A.tookB.stoodC.forgotD.experienced21.A.sadnessB.laughterC.painD.pride22.A.lifeB.regretC.loveD.faith23.A.gaveB.taughtC.tookD.made24.A.kindnessB.powerC.joyD.sorrow25.A.caresB.needC.hopesD.matters第二节语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)Asweknow,the14thNationalGamestookplaceintheancientcapitalXi’aninShaanxiProvinceinSeptember,2021.Asthecapitalof13dynastiesthroughoutChinesehistory,thecityhasneverbeenfarfromsports.It____26____(hold)alotofsportseventssincetheWesternZhouDynasty,amongwhichcujuisoneexample.Cuju,____27____ancientChinesecompetitivegame,involveskickingaballthroughanopeningintoanet.Astheancestoroffootball,cuju____28____(original)appearedinthefamousChinesehistoricalworkZhanGuoCe,____29____describedcujuasaformofentertainmentamongthepublic.Later,cujuwascommonlyplayedinthearmyduringtheHanDynasty.LiuChe,EmperorWuofHan,wascrazyaboutcuju___30____wouldsetupacujufieldwhereverhisarmywent.Heusedcujuasawayof____31____(train)soldiers.The____32____(early)recordofwomencujuplayerscandatebacktotheHanDynasty.Wecanseefromsomepaintingswomenwiththeirhair____33____(tie)wavingtheirlongsleeves(袖子)whenplayingcuju.Atthattime,variousskills____34____(use)inplayingcuju,mainlyservingentertainmentpurposes.Asawayofnationalculture____35____(protect),cujuwaslistedasthefirstbatchofChina’sintangibleculturalheritage(非物质文化遗产)in2006.第三部分知识运用(共两节,满分30分)第一节双向翻译(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)请根据上下文内容,将文中画线部分译成汉语或者英语,并将答案转写到答题卡上。36.Bambooisawonderfulplantformanypeoplearoundtheworld.Thereareover1000usesforit.Peoplemaketables,clothes,medicine,andmusicalinstrumentswithit.Pandasmayeatbambooeveryday,butpeoplecanalsoeatit.

Thefastestgrowingplantintheworldisbamboo.37Somebamboogrowssoquicklythatpeoplesaytheycanwatchitgrow.Thespeedofgrowthdependsonthetypeofbamboo,theearthandtheseason.Normalbamboogrows3-10cmaday.Itusuallygrowsintropical(热带的)areas.37.它也可以在世界其他地方找到.BambooplantsarefoundinAsia,Australia,partsofAfrica,andSouthAmerica.

Oneoftheworld'soldestbuildingmaterialsisbamboo.Liketoday,peopleuseitbecauseit'sverystrong.39.Theyusedittobuildhouses,boats,andbridges.TheChinesemadeabamboobridgeovertheMinRiverinSichuan,Chinaabout1000yearsago.Youcanstillvisitittoday.Asapartofhistory,bambooisveryimportant.ThegreatscientistThomasEdisondidnotinventthelightbulb(灯泡),buthemadeitperfect.Hewantedthematerialinsidetoburnforalongperiodoftime.40.他尝试了1000多种不同类型的材料.However,noneworkedverywell.Oneday,hetriedtouseapieceofbambooandthelightbulblitupforoverathousandhours.Thisinve

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