There be句型的几种特殊结构及其用法.docThere be句型的几种特殊结构及其用法.doc

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THEREBE句型的几种特殊结构及其用法ANNNEVERDREAMSOFFORHERTOBESENTABROADVERYSOON.A)THERETOBEACHANCEB)THEREBEINGACHANCEC)THEREBEACHANCED)BEINGACHANCE该题的答案为B)。动词DREAMOF要求跟VING分词结构作宾语,更准确地讲是介词OF后要求跟VING分词结构作宾语,THEREBEINGACHANCE意为有一个机会又如NOONEHADTOLDSMITHABOUT____ALECTURETHEFOLLOWINGDAY.A)THEREBEB)THEREWOULDBEC)THEREWASD)THEREBEINGD)。介词ABOUT后要求跟VING分词结构作宾语,THEREBEING(ALECTURE)意为有(一个讲座),ITISFAIRLYCOMMONINAFRICAFORTHERETOBEANENSEMBLEOFEXPERTMUSICIANSSURROUNDEDBYOTHERSWHOJOININBYCLAPPING,SINGING,ORSOMEHOWADDINGTOTHETOTALITYOFMUSICALSOUND.该句子中出现了FORTHERETOBE的结构,如果按照上一题的解题思路去理解介词后要求跟VING分词结构作宾语,那么,这一结构似乎是错的;但是,实际上此结构没有错,这就是本文想要解答的问题THEREBE句型的特殊结构及其用法。一、THEREBE句型与各种情态动词连用。例如THEREMUSTBESOMETHINGWRONGHERE.THEREMIGHTSTILLBESOMEVACANTSEATSINTHEREAR.THEREOUGHTTOBESOMETHINGWITHWHICHTOFILLYOURSTOCKING.二、THEREBE句型中的谓语动词BE被BELIKELYTOBE,HAPPENTOBE,SEEM(TOBE),OCCUR等代替,用来描写事物。例如THEREARELIKELYTOBEMOREDIFFICULTIESTHANTHEYHAVEBEENPREPAREDFOR.THEREHAPPENEDTOBENOBODYINTHEROOM.THEREDOESNTSEEMTOBEMUCHHOPEOFOURBEATINGTHATTEAM.THERESEEMSNODOUBTTHATTHEGENERALCHARACTEROFTHELANDSCAPE,THERELATIVELENGTHOFDAYANDNIGHT,ANDTHECLIMATEMUSTALLPLAYABIGPARTINDETERMININGWHATKINDOFPEOPLEWEARE.THEREHAVEOCCURREDMANYGREATCHANGESSINCEWEMETLAST.三、THEREBE句型中的谓语动词BE被一些不及物动词代替,如LIVE,STAND,EXIST,REMAIN等,用来表示静止、存在、有。例如THERELIVESAFAMILYOFFIVEINTHEVILLAGE.THEREREMAINSNOTHINGMORETOBEDONE.THERESTANDSTHEMONUMENTTOTHEPEOPLESHEROESATTHECENTEROFTHETIANANMENSQUARE.THEREEXISTDIFFERENTOPINIONSONTHISQUESTION.四、THEREBE句型中的谓语动词BE被一些不及物动词代替,如COME,SPRINGUP,APPEAR,EMERGE,ARRIVE,ENTER,FOLLOW,等,用来表示突然出现。例如THEREAPPEARSTOBENOSUBSTITUTEFORTHISSTUFFYET.THERECAMEACOMPANYOFACTORSANDACTRESSES.THEREFOLLOWEDASPIRITEDDISCUSSIONAFTERCLASS.五、THEREBE句型中BE用不定式,形成(FOR)THERETOBE+宾格词结构,表示有或存在(某种情况),在(FOR)THERETOBE+宾格词的结构中,主语是宾格词。这种不定式结构在句中作逻辑宾语、状语和主语。1.THERETOBE+宾格词在句中作宾语。例如THESTUDENTSEXPECTEDTHERETOBEMOREREVIEWINGCLASSESBEFORETHEFINALEXAMS.THERETOBE+宾格词结构在句中作动词EXPECT的宾语,句中的宾格词MOREREVIEWINGCLASSES作THERETOBE不定式结构的逻辑主语。特别应该注意的是THERE后的不定式只能用TOBE的形式,因为这种不定式结构是从THEREBE结构转化而来的。又如PEOPLEDONTWANTTHERETOBEANOTHERWAR.MEMBERSLIKETHERETOBEPLENTYOFCHOICE.ITISFAIRLYCOMMONINAFRICAFORTHERETOBEANENSEMBLEOFEXPERTMUSICIANSSURROUNDEDBYOTHERSWHOJOININBYCLAPPING,SINGING,ORSOMEHOWADDINGTOTHETOTALITYOFMUSICALSOUND.THERETOBE+宾格词结构在句中作介词FOR的宾语,句中的宾格词ANENSEMBLEOFEXPERTMUSICIANS作THERETOBE不定式结构的逻辑主语。2.FORTHERETOBE+宾格词在句中作状语。例如ITISNTCOLDENOUGHFORTHERETOBEAFROSTTONIGHT,SOICANLEAVEJIMSCAROUTQUITESAFELY.(FORTHERETOBE+宾格词作结果状语)特别应该注意的是,FORTHERETOBE+宾格词在句中作状语时必须用介词FOR引出THEREBE后面的宾格词。又如FORTHERETOBESUCCESSFULCOMMUNICATION,THEREMUSTBEATTENTIVENESSANDINVOLVEMENTINTHEDISCUSSINGITSELFBYALLPRESENT.(FORTHERETOBE+宾格词作目的状语)THEYPLANNEDFORTHERETOBEANOTHERMEETING.(FORTHERETOBE+宾格词作目的状语)3.THERETOBE+宾格词在句中作主语。例如ITSAGREATPITYFORTHERETOBEMUCHTROUBLEINTHECOMPANY.特别应该注意的是,FORTHERETOBE+宾格词在句中作主语时必须用介词FOR引出THEREBE后面的宾格词。又如ITISIMPOSSIBLEFORTHERETOBEANYMOREAPPLES.FORTHERETOBESOFEWPEOPLEINTHESTREETSWASUNUSUAL.六、THEREBE句型中BE用V-ING分词,形成(OF)THEREBEING+宾格词结构,表示有或存在(某种情况),在(OF)THEREBEING+宾格词的结构中,主语是宾格词。1.THEREBEING+宾格词在句中作宾语。例如HAVEYOUEVERTHOUGHTOFTHEREBEINGSOMANYWORKUNITSFORYOUTOCHOOSEONTHETALENTSMEETING(THEREBEING+宾格词作宾语)THEREBEING+宾格词结构在句中作介词OF的宾语,句中的宾格词SOMANYWORKUNITS作THEREBEINGVING分词短语结构的逻辑主语。又如NOONEHADTOLDHIMANYTHINGABOUTTHEREBEINGABEAUTIFULSTORYABOUTTHELAKE.JOHNWASRELYINGONTHEREBEINGANOTHEROPPORTUNITY.2.THEREBEING+宾格词在句中作状语。例如THEREBEINGNOCAUSEFORALARM,SHEWENTBACKTOHERBEDROOM.(THEREBEING+宾格词作原因状语)THEREBEING+宾格词结构在句中作状语,句中的宾格词NOCAUSE作THEREBEINGVING分词短语结构的逻辑主语。又如THEREHAVINGBEENASTRONGSUSPICIONAGAINSTTHEABILITYOFTHEDIRECTOR,THEDEPARTMENTASKEDHIMTORESIGN.(THEREBEING+宾格词作原因状语)THEREBEINGNOTHINGTOBEDONE,THEYHAVETOGOBACKHOME.(THEREBEING+宾格词作原因状语)THEREBEINGNOFURTHERBUSINESS,THECHAIRMANCLOSEDTHEMEETING.(THEREBEING+宾格词作原因状语)3.THEREBEING+宾格词在句中作主语。例如THEREBEINGABUSSTOPSONEARTHEHOUSEISAGREATADVANTAGE.THEREBEING+宾格词结构在句中作主语,句中的宾格词ABUSSTOP作THEREBEINGVING分词短语结构的逻辑主语。七、THEREBE句型中BE用BE+VED分词,形成THEREBE+VED分词+宾格词结构,表示有或存在(某种情况),在THEREBE+VED分词+宾格词的结构中,主语是宾格词。例如THEREWASFOUNDALOTOFFOODINTHEKITCHENCUPBOARD.THEREARENOWPUBLISHEDMILLIONSOFBOOKSEVERYYEARINCHINA.THEREWASSHOWNATTHEEXHIBITIONANELECTRONICCOMPUTERMADEINSHANGHAI.八、THEREBENO+主语名词的习惯用法。1.VING分词在THEREBENO结构中作主语,表示不可能、无法。例如THEREISNODENYINGTHEFACTTHATCHINAISSTILLADEVELOPINGCOUNTRY.THEREISNOJOKINGABOUTSUCHMATTERS.THEREISNOTELLINGWHATWILLHAPPENTOHIMNEXT.2.THEREISNOPOINT+VING分词,表示没有必要,无用,没有意义,没有用处。例如WEAREDISAPPOINTEDWITHTHENEWOFFICERELECTEDINOURBRIDGECLUB,BUTTHEREISNOPOINTWORRYINGABOUTIT.3.THEREISNOUSE+VING分词,表示无用,没有意义,没有用处。例如THEREISNOUSEADVISINGHIMTOGIVEUPSMOKING.4.THEREISNOGOOD+VING分词,表示无用,没有意义,没有用处,没有益处。例如THEREISNOGOODDISCUSSINGTHEMATTERWITHSUCHAFOOL.九、在由THEREBE+主语名词引起的句子中,修饰主语的情况。1.在由THEREBE+主语名词引起的句子中,用来修饰主语的不定式可以用被动形式,也可以用主动形式。例如THEREISNOTIMETOLOSE/TOBELOST.THEREARESTILLMANYTHINGSTOTAKECAREOF/TOBETAKENCAREOF.在口语中多用主动形式。但是有时候两种形式可能表示不同的意思。试比较THEREISNOTHINGTODONOW.(WEHAVENOTHINGTODONOW.)THEREISNOTHINGTOBEDONENOW.(WECANDONOTHINGNOW.)THEREISNOTHINGTOSEE(NOTHINGWORTHSEEING).THEREISNOTHINGTOBESEEN(NOTHINGTHEREATALL).2.在由THEREBE+主语名词引起的句子中,用来修饰主语的分词或分词短语在意思上相当于一个定语从句。例如THEREWERE200CHILDRENSTUDYING(=WHOWERESTUDYING)MUSIC,DANCING,ORDRAMATICS.ISTHEREANYTHINGPLANNED(=THATHASBEENPLANNED)FORTONIGHT
编号:201312182205134141    类型:共享资源    大小:33.50KB    格式:DOC    上传时间:2013-12-18
  
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