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2015年高考语文现代文阅读理解题答题技巧一.常见题型的答题技巧考点分类具体题型答题技巧筛选信息1.考查文章的线索1.本文的线索是什么关键看文章标题,标题往往就是线索其次看文章反复出现的关键词语,这个词就是线索。2.概括文章类容2.请用简洁的语言概括文章的内容用(何时,何地)谁干什么结果怎样的句式答题。或用什么怎么样句式组织语言。3.考查文章的表达方式的辨析3.本文(文中某段)主要运用了哪种表达方式识别叙述,描写,说明,议论,抒情等表达方式。一般题目设置在议论句和描写句上,考试时从这两方面去辨别即可。4.考查文章所描写对象的特征4.简要概括文中事物的特点(优点,作用)答案往往不止一点,需要提取。注意连接词,如首先,其次,还,也,此外等,这些句子往往就是事物的几点特征,找到一点特征后还要看看下面几段的相同位置,找到隐含的答题点进行概括并加工合并,避免遗漏。5.理解文章类题5.提取文中的某句话,然后问为什么,原因是什么。把题干带入原文,答案一般就在原文语句的附件,可以用文中相关语句作答,也可以用提取出来的关键词进行加工。审美鉴赏1.分析文章标题的作用1.本文的标题有何作用1.全文的线索,推动情节的发展2.总结文章内容,点名主旨(突出)主题3.形式新颖,吸引读者4反映人物情感的变化。(注意,回答不能全部照搬,需要根据文章的内容灵活套用)2.分析文章重点字词的作用2.文中加点词语有何作用(好处,妙处)1.动词生动表现人(事)物的特点,(或传神刻画了事物的形状)。表现了人物的心情(性格)。2.形容词,副词生动形象地描摹出某人(事物)的特点,情态(或描绘出一幅样的场景),反映了人物的心情。3.赏析文章中的优美语句和段落3.(1)文中划线的句子运用了什么修辞手法,有何作用(对文中的划线句进行赏析请说划线句子的表达效果。(2)某段在文中起何作用。(1)分析词语的表达效果(参见上面)分析修辞修辞作用每种修辞手法都见其固定的答题套路(2)文章开头引出下文开头点名故事所描写(说明,议论)的对象照应文章标题设置悬念,吸引读者为后文的情节发展埋下伏笔(做铺垫),推动情节的发展。文章的中间承上启下的过渡中用为后文的情节发展埋下伏笔(做铺垫),推动情节发展。文章结尾总结全文解释全文主旨照应前文照应文章标题引人深思。注意并不是每个答案全部写上,而是根据具体情况套用适用的答案。4.分析文中的人物形象4.请分析文中的形象。(文中的具体有怎样的性格特点)从文中检索关于人物的语言,动作,心理等的描写,提取出关键词来分析人物性格,并对结果进行加工合并。5.分析句子,段落,文章表达方式的作用5.(1)文中划线句(某段)运用了什么样的描写方法,有何作用(2)文中划线句(某段)运用了什么样的说明方法,有何作用(3)文中划线句(某段)运用了什么样的论证方法,有何作用(1)首先分析属于何种描写手法,然后分析其作用①人物描写表现了人物的特点,突出人物的性格(心理,品质)②环境描写烘托出了一种的气氛,表达了人物怎样的思想感情(心理)。(2)见固定的答题套路(3)见固定的答题套路6.分析文章的表现手法和写作技巧。6.文章运用了何种表现手法,有何作用。(分析本文的写作技巧)表现手法对比,象征,伏笔,照应等。每种表现手法都有其固定的答题套路。深层含义1.分析文章标题的深层含义1.分析本文标题的含义首先找出标题中的关键词语,先回答它字面上的意思,即其本意。然后联系文章的主旨,说出这个词语的寓意,便可得出其深层含义。2.分析重点字词的深层含义2.说说你对加点词语含义的理解首先找到词语在原文中的位置,然后弄清上下句具体的语境,弄清这个词语所包含的寓意,即可得出答案。3.分析文章重点句子的深层含义3.说说你对文中画线句含义的理解理解句子含义一般有两种解答方法(1)将句子所表达的意思和具体语境或文章的主旨联系起来,然后用浅显的语言表述(2)解释这个句子为什么这么说,这么说的原因是什么4.联系生活实践,对文中的主旨,观点,作者的情感发表见解,或提出看法,建议等延伸拓展题。4.联系生活实际,谈谈你读完本文后的启示。(谈谈你对文章的理解)只要符合题干要求,联系文章内容主旨,有具体的事例说明,用浅显的语言表述合理,语言流畅即可。养套杀吴莫愁式快速提分三部曲养眼,高频考点、答案词,应试技巧及其关联暗示点的串联与并联密码套用,建模套用做题,模拟题与真题整体答题三点式套用法则秒杀,5秒秒杀答案,无瑕疵迅捷提分(满分)VIP体系2014吴军高考英语三天三夜迅捷提分秘术完形填空DNA解密艺考生、体考生的救命稻草突破130分,快速提高30分的锦囊妙计速度与激情,2014年吴军高分英语有重大突破甄教案,真高分完形思路疯狂创新范本,无人牵引解决方案全面落实2011年的高分密码,2012年的高频答案词,2013年的秒杀秘术,完成了迅捷提分的通路,大家通过记住600800个高频单词就完成了3天提分的梦想但有些同学,虽然记住了单词,到完形整篇文章做题时,不会运用,甚至可能遇到23个高频答案词同时出现,而自己又不会翻译,这时提分的幅度就会大打折扣今天吴军老师总结了139个暗示点(600800个单词的语境串联与并联),将20年内高考真题或模拟题内全部高频词汇进行了汇总,通过语境串联及并联的方式,彻底解决了您记不住单词,尤其是不会运用的问题,让各种答题技巧,高频考点,单词记忆法及生硬的高频答案词不再受宠以后妈妈再也不用担心你的学习了,soeasy左手拿着吴军高分英语www.sypeterwu.com打火机,右手拿着高考真题及模拟题,哪里不会点哪里,.名师吴军暗示点1相同的、类似的/不同的(答案解析详见购买的自学教案,此处省略)samesimilardifferent/various/separate/alone/apart/notbut/changeabledifference/similarity(betweenand)/avarietyof/arangeof〖2013江苏卷〗Iwanteditandworkedtowarditlikeeveryoneelse,allofus36chasingthesamething.Oneyear,throughaseriesofunhappyevents,itallfell37.Ifoundmyselfhomelessandalone.Ihadmytruckand56.36.A.separatelyB.equallyC.violentlyD.naturally37.A.offB.apartC.overD.out〖2013浙江卷〗Ilovehowpeole37seemsodifferent,butendupbeingso38.ThemostvaluabelessonIgainfromstudyinginFrancewasntjusttorespecttheFrenchpeople39torespectallpeople,foryournextbestfriendcouldbejustacontinentaway.38.A.generousB.independentC.similarD.distant〖2012上海卷〗Thedegreeof_60betweenthepotentialhelperandthepersoninneedisalsoimportant.Forexample,peoplearemorelikelytohelpastrangerwhoisfromthesamecountryratherthanaforeigner.60.A.similarityB.friendshipC.cooperationD.contact〖2013江苏卷〗Theydroppedoffblankets,candles,andtools,andbegan45aroundtochat.Theystartedtoteachmeabeliefina46AmericanDreamnottheoneofindividualachievementbutof47.46.A.wildB.realC.differentD.remote【2013新课标II卷】Itrunsinthe33.Michaelsfatheralwayshelpedthepoorashebelieveditmadeeveryonehappier.MichaelGreenbergfeelsthe34.Apairofglovesmaybea35thing,butitcanmakeabigdifferenceinwinter.34.A.honorB.painC.sameD.cold〖2013四川卷〗Butsheisso23thatsheneverletsanyoneputherdown.Youshouldnt24whatpeoplesayaboutwhatyoulooklikebecausewerenotdifferentfromanyoneelse,Holly,she25me.Andyoudontneedtowearascarfbecauseyoulookgreat26itForthefirsttimeinmylifeIcouldspeaktosomeonewhodbeenthroughsomething27.Soweekslater,atmy13thbirthdayparty,28byherbravery,Igaveupmyscarfandshowedoffmyscars.Itfeltamazingnothavingto29awaybehindmyscarf.27.A.similarB.strangeC.hardD.important〖2005重庆卷〗Hiddenpassengerstravelinginships,trams,orevencarscanbeaterribletroubleespeciallywhentheyareinsects.Asforthis,thereisagreat___36___betweenhumanbeingsandinsects.36.A.connectionB.differenceC.communicationD.similarity〖2000北京春季卷〗Icanreadandwriteaswellasanyoneelsemyage,andIcanthinkbetter.Thatsprobablyarealbig___24___betweenthefreeschoolandregularschooltheamountof___25___.24.A.problemB.chanceC.differenceD.change名师吴军暗示点2(答案解析详见购买的自学教案,此处省略)◆结论性动词show/suggest/find/prove/decide/see◆结论性情态动词can/could◆结论性时态及从句连接词完成时,过去时,how,why及转折关系but,though,however。◆结论性形容词或副词1.so/therefore/accordingly/asaresult/finally(eventually最后/satisfied/proud看到can和wantto一般要填because,so或if。另sothatcan搭配Imwashingadogshurtleg.Iworkcarefully,becauseIwanttomakesureIdontdoanythingtohurthim.Iwishtheycouldunderstandthatwerejusttryingtohelpthem.Theyaskedifhewantedtogohome.ButBozosaidno.sothefishermenwishedBozowellandlefthimaloneagainjustashisfatherhadeightyfouryearsbefore.Itcanalsoinfluencethewaywebehavewithourfamilies.sohowdowedealwithourproblemsTherearemanywaysandhereisoneofthem.2.Surely/certainly/ofcourse/indeed/actuallyinfact,really,truly3.obviousclearapparent明显的/obviouslyclearlyapparently4.surprised/amazed/surprisinglyamazingly,shocked,astonished震惊的Mostpeopleonthisislandarerecreationalfishers,andobviously,fishingformsanactualpartoftheirleisuretime.Imnotsurprisedthathebecameawriter.Evenasachildhehadaclearimagination.〖2013重庆卷〗Sincethen,Joestarted45.Thoughhenevermadeittothetop,hismathteacherwasalways46andcuriousaboutthechangeWhyhadthatstormydaychangedJoe46.A.worriedB.amazedC.friendlyD.cautious〖2013安徽卷〗Learninganewlanguageisnever__53__.Butwithsomeworkanddevotion,youllmakeprogress.Andyoullbe__54__bythepositivereactionofsomepeoplewhenyousayjustafewwordsin__55__ownlanguage.Goodluck54.A.blamedB.amazedC.interruptedD.informed【2013广东A卷】Numbersenseisnottheabilitytocount.Itistheabilitytorecognizea1innumber.Humanbeingsarebornwiththisability.2,experimentsshowthatmanyanimalsare,too.Forexample,manybirdshavegoodnumbersense.Ifanesthasfoureggsandyouremoveone,thebirdwillnot3.However,ifyouremovetwo,thebird4leaves.Thismeansthatthebirdknowsthe5betweentwoandthree.Anotherinterestingexperimentshowedabirds6numbersense.Amanwastryingtotakeaphotoofacrow乌鸦thathadanestinatower,butthecrowalwaysleftwhenshesawhimcoming.Thebirddidnot7untilthemanleftthetower.Themanhadan8.Hetookanothermanwithhimtothetower.Onemanleftandtheotherstayed,buttheydidnot9thebird.Thecrowstayedawayuntilthesecondmanleft,too.Theexperimentwas10withthreemenandthenwithfourmen.Butthecrowdidnotreturntothenestuntilallthemenwere11.Itwasnotuntilfivemenwentintothetowerandonlyfourleftthattheywere12abletofoolthecrow.2.A.ImportantlyB.SurprisinglyC.DisappointedlyD.Fortunately6.A.amazingB.annoyingC.satisfyingD.disturbing12.A.graduallyB.luckilyC.strangelyD.finally〖2013浙江卷〗IleftFrancewithmany34,sowhenpeopleaskmewhatmyfavoritepartofthetripwas,theyarealways35tohearmetalkaboutmyBrazilianfriendPaoloandthescoresofweekdaysinclass,weeknightsonthetown,andweekends36Franceweenjoyedtogether.35.A.surprisedB.disturbedC.embarrassedD.concerned〖2013山东卷〗EverytimeIcameintoherroom,shewasso48becauseshethoughtIwasherdaughter.Herrealdaughternever49her,soItookherplace.Sheletme50thatmakingothersfeelgoodmakemefeelgood,too,whenshedied,Iwas51,butIwasverygratefultoher.50.A.explainB.guessC.declareD.see〖2013湖南卷〗Iranto__43__behindabigtreeinouryardatonce.Afterawhile,Iwas__44__thegirlshadpassedby.Idashedtothefrontdoorandbangedonitloudly.44.A.sureB.proudC.eagerD.curious〖2012湖北卷〗Happyasachild,Igotonthebicycleandheadedoutontothestreets.Aftersometime,I37attheotherendofthetown.Iwas38thatthissimplevehiclecouldletme39longdistancesinafairlyshorttime.Buthow40didIreallygo38.A.amazedB.amusedC.confusedD.concerned〖2012北京卷〗IbelieveIstayedinastateofpleasantdisbelief__43__Iwashalfwaythroughrehearsals排练onmyfirstday.Ineveractually__44__togetthejob.Afterbeingofferedtheposition,Iwascompletely__45__.Iremembershakingwithexcitement.45.A.motivatedB.relaxedC.convincedD.astonished〖2012广东卷〗However,somepeoplearguethatrulesmaybe___14___,havingobservedthatruleschangeallthetime,andthatsomeschoolshavesomeregulationsandothershavedifferentonessowhoisto___15___whatisright15.A.predictB.explainC.decideD.consider〖2011湖北卷〗Jasminanevergotthechancetodoit,saysMaja,now32,soI34thatsomedayIddoitforher.34.A.pretendedB.decidedC.perfectedD.agreed〖2001全国卷〗RussianscientistsaidthattheAbominableSnowmanwas__14__andwasaremaininglinkwiththeprehistorichumans.But,__15__,noevidencehasever__16__beenproduced.16.A.rightlyB.actuallyC.normallyD.particularly〖2003安徽春季卷〗Hewenttotheclerkto___14___histicket.Theclerklookedattheticketwith___15___.Why,sir,butyourflightwasatnineoclockinthemorning,and___16___itiseightintheevening.15.A.astonishmentB.patienceC.respectD.delight〖2003全国卷〗IplayedaracquetballgameagainstmycousinEdlastweek.Itwasoneofthemost___1___andtiringgamesIveeverhad.WhenEdfirstphonedand___2___weplay,Ilaughedquietly,figuringonan___3___victory.1.A.encouragingB.hopelessC.surprisingD.regular〖2004上海卷〗Thelawofoverlearningexplainswhycrammingforanexamination,__62__itmayresultinapassinggrade,isnota___63___waytolearnaschoolcourse.63.A.convenientB.demandingC.satisfactoryD.swift〖2002全国卷〗Heburstoutlaughingandsaid,Why,youfool,heusedhis___17___andaskedforthem.Ivebeen___18___thatonallmycustomerstoday,butIknew___19___Idcatchyou.WhyisthatIasked.19.A.forsureB.atonceC.infactD.rightnow〖1998全国卷〗Itseemedthattherewas___13___suitableworkforhim.Sohe___14___tojointhearmy.Mrs.Fantwasso___15___aboutthisthatshetoldthe___16___toallherneighbours.14.A.beganB.promisedC.managedD.decided〖1997全国卷〗Just___18___,Toddsawtheheadlightscomingathimandacarpulledinfor___19___.Thereitwas,awhiteFord.Hesawthe___20___,LJR1939.WhatshouldIdoToddhadtomakeaquick___21___.Yes,sirTodd___22___whilemakinguphismindforsure.21.A.decisionB.callC.movementD.remark〖1994全国卷〗Nowhewas___8___hecoulddo___9__onlyabalancingpole.Philippewalkedhiswayacross,a___10___of131feet.8.A.sureB.uncertainC.gladD.nervous〖1992全国卷〗In1964,aRussianscientistsaidthattheAbominableSnowmanwas___14___andwasaremaininglinkwiththeprehistorichumans.But,___15___,noevidencehasever___16___beenproduced.16.A.rightlyB.actuallyC.normallyD.particularly名师吴军瞻前顾后点破法一正向、负向和中性及方向逻辑1.方向fallinlovewith(下)hithittheroof(上)Thewindhadpickedup.(起上)。Inordertomaketheworkeasier,Iclimbedoverthewindowandstood__47_thewindow.47.A.insideB.byC.outsideD.beside方向暗示关键词over结束正上方越过(egovercome克服getover)翻转(egJoekicked踢thechairover。Joe把椅子踢翻)。我越过(over)窗户,所以应该是站在窗户外面,故用outside。2.正负正积极的,肯定的(excited,improve,progress等)负祁使句,否定句,否定词,绝对词(becarefulHedidntgo.never,seldom,no,nothing,little,fewalways,only,all,any,every,thewhole,must,completely等.)〖2013江西卷〗DianeRaywascompletelyselfcenteredandveryspoilt.Herparentsgaveher36shewanted,knowingthatshewouldthrowatempertantrum耍小孩脾气iftheydidnot.Shewouldscreamandkickand37onthefloordrummingherheels.Herparentsalways38.38.A.setoutB.setinC.gaveinD.gaveout38.C。她一耍小孩脾气,她的父母总是屈服、让步(gavein)。setout开始,出发setin以为背景gaveout分发,用完。〖2011浙江卷〗Heledme35thecrowdedshopandtoabenchwithalargeprofessionalkaraokeboxonit.Heplacedhislargehand36onhistreasureandsaid.Ihave800karaokesongsinhere.Youcantakeyour37andIllrecordthemforyou.Thatshouldgetyoustarted.36.A.UnhappilyB.lovinglyC.pitifullyD.gratefully36.感情色彩法,此法多用于解决形容词或副词。下文出现treasure财宝,是正面词汇,B和D是正面积极的,但店主对自己的宝物应该是爱不释手,心爱地触摸,故选B.lovingly。〖2010全国Ⅰ卷〗Herepliedthatshe46knewwhohewas,thatshehadnotbeenableto47himforfiveyearsnow.Iwas48andaskedhim,Andyou49goeverymorning,eventhoughshedoesntknowwhoyouare46.A.sofarB.neitherC.nolongerD.already46.结合后文,49空那句话给出了很好的对应。neither表示否定2者。C.nolonger。〖2010江西卷〗Butthen,something__51_happened.Thecarbeganchanging.First,itscolor__52__fromblacktosilverygrey.Then,thewheelsbegandisappearing,butthecarcontinuedtomoveforward,__53__justabovetheground.52.AdevelopedBappearedCspreadDfaded52.A发展,B出现,C传播,D褪色。从black变成了silverygrey,就是由黑变灰,选D。3.逻辑(关系)上面我们提到了方向的正负及中性,每个词汇也可分作、、0(中性,用0表示)。在完形填空里面,最终的内容都是正面的,积极的(因为我们是祖国的花朵,在中国的应试教育里面是不允许有负向消极的词汇,想必这个您懂)。关于逻辑,举一个例子(...ofcourse...but...)。一个女孩要和她男朋友分手了,于是按照中国含蓄的习惯来说都是说.其实呢,你很好啦,对我也挺好的。(这是男孩倍夸得心花怒放,嘿嘿),这时女孩说了,但是你太丑了(这是男孩的心沉入了谷底,心情糟糕透了),女孩见状,忙说,其实你还是可以找到更好的啦,没事的啦。套用上面的词组ofcoursebut。Youarefriendly,ofcourseyouareugly,butIbelieveyoucanfindabetterone.于是我们可以了解到正负向的用处,而在完形填空中,描述主人公的一切都应该是正向的。区别了正负向,我们可以在每个句子里面标出正负向,便于答题。〖2013北京卷〗Lolaneverthinksabout51.Sheispresentlyatlevel7whilethehighestislevel10ingymnastics.Her52istoreachlevel9.Shesaysshewantstobeagymnasticscoachtopassdownwhatsheslearnedtootherkids53shegrewup.51.A.defendingB.quittingC.winningD.bargaining〖2013天津卷〗26,thedisastrouseffectsofthedrought(旱灾)werefeltalloverourcountry.Itwasachallengingtimeforeveryone,27Dadremainedoptimistic.26.A.ThankfullyB.HopefullyC.UnfortunatelyD.Strangely〖2005湖北卷〗Inthefirsttwoyearofthe__40__informerYugoslavia前南斯拉夫,28reportersandphotographerswerekilled.Hundredsmorewere__41__.Whatkindofpeopleputthemselvesindangerto__42__picturestoourTVscreensand__43__toournewspapersWhydotheydoit41.A.injuredB.buriedC.defeatedD.saved〖2005江西卷〗Whatevertheirbillscameto,he53gavethembackthefewoddpence零钱,andIamsuretheythoughthewasverygenerous慷慨.53.A.neverB.everC.seldomD.always51.B。通过本段下文可知,Lola还会继续努力,从目前的体操7级达到九级,因此她没有想过放弃。defend防卫辩护quit停止放弃bargain讨价还价。26.C。本句的意思是这次干旱的灾难性影响在全国都能感受得到。这是坏事,所以应该用unfortunately.其他三个选项的意思分别是谢天谢地满怀希望地很奇怪,均与句意不符。28reportersandphotographerswerekilled。更多的人应该是受伤。A。53.下文theythoughthewasverygenerous慷慨.可知他总是多找一些零钱。故选D.always。名师吴军扫描选项点破法一相反项有答案〖2013安徽卷〗Learninganewlanguageisnever__53__.Butwithsomeworkanddevotion,youllmakeprogress.Andyoullbe__54__bythepositivereactionofsomepeoplewhenyousayjustafewwordsin__55__ownlanguage.Goodluck53.A.tiresomeB.hardC.interestingD.easy
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