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2008年哈尔滨市中考英语试题及答案(WORD版).doc2008年哈尔滨市中考英语试题及答案(WORD版).doc -- 5 元

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1哈尔滨市2008年初中升学考试英语考生须知本试卷满分为120分,考试时间为100分钟。八区各学校的考生,请按照哈尔滨市2008年初中升学考试选择题答题卡上的要求做选择题165小题.每小题只有一个正确答案)。每小题选出正确答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上的对应题目的答案标号涂黑,否则无效。县(市)学校的考生,请把选择题(165小题,每小题只有一个正确答案)中各题表示正确答案的字母填在题前相应的括号内。第I卷一、听力测试(本题共30分)听录音,每题读两遍。I.听句子,选出与所听句子内容相匹配的图画。(本题共5分,每小题1分)II.听对话,根据问题选出正确答案。(本题共10分,每小题2分)6.A.Hewillgotothedoctors.B.Hewillhelpthewomanstartthecar.C.Hewillaskothersforhelp.7.A.200.B.180C.100.8.A.John.B.Johnssister.C.Johnsclassmate.9.A.Fortwoyears.B.Forthreeyears.C.Forfouryears.10.A.Science.B.Art.C.Music.III.听对话,根据对话内容选出最佳答案完成各句。本题共5分,每小题1分)11._______islearningEnglishonTV.A.ThegirlB.ThegirlsmotherC.Thegirlsfather12.Thegirlsfatherisa______A.teacherB.workerC.driverl3.TheOlympicsGameswillbeheldin______A.BeijingB.ParisC.London214.HelearnsEnglishto_______A.teachhisdaughterB.changehisjobC.helpfriendsfromallovertheworld15.Theywilltrytheirbestto______A.learnEnglishwellB.helptheirfriendsC.takepartinthegamesIV.听短文,根据所听内容选出短文中划线部分词的同义词或同义短语。(本题共10分.每小题2分)Herearesome16onhowtotalkwithyourparents.First,tryto17yourtalkwithsomethingfun.Thiswillmaketalkingeasier.Forexample,askyourparentsquestionsabouttheirhealth.WhataretheydoingwiththeirworkTheylovethis.Second,makeitclearwhatyouwanttotellyour18.Iftheyhavesomethingtosay,letthemfinish.Askthemtodothesameforyou.Third,19withyourparentsaboutwhatyourereallythinking.Fourth,ifyourparentsdontunderstand,thatsOK.Itdoesntmeantheydontloveyouortheyarenottryingto.20youhavetoexplainthingstothemagainorinadifferentway.Iftherearestillthingstotalkabout,setupatimewiththemtotalkaboutthemnexttime.16.A.newsB.messagesC.suggestions17.A.endB.beginC.stop18.A.motherB.fatherC.motherandfather19.A.befriendlyB.behopefulC.behonest20.A.AttimesB.OntimeC.Intime二、单项选择本题共15分,每小题1分)选择最佳答案。21.Believeyourself.Yourebetterthan_________.Yourethebest.WishyousuccessA.anyoneelseB.someoneelseC.elseanyone22.Pleasereadeverysentence.Themore_________youare,thefewermistakesyoullmake.A.carefullycarefullyB.carefulcareful.C.carefullycareful23.Doyouknow_________lastnightSorry,Idontknow.ButIthinkheshouldgotobedearlybecausehewillhaveanEnglishexamthisafternoon.A.whenhegoestobedB.whenhewenttobedC.whendidhegotobed24.Over400millionpeoplehavevisitedDisneylandparksaroundtheworldAmericanDisneylandopenedinJuly1955.A.afterB.beforeC.since25.Peoplesaythesubway地铁________buildinginHarbininafewyears.Sounds_________.Ihaveneverseenitbefore.A.willfinishinterestingB.isfinishedinterestedC.willbefinishedinteresting()26.Shanghaihasopenedits_________TVchannel(频道)thatsendsprogramsinforeignlanguages.GreatIcanimprovemyEnglishoverit.A.firstB.afirstC.thefirst27.TanQianqiu,apoliticsteacher,diedinordertosavehisfourstudentsintheearthquake地震inWenchuan.teacherheisA.HowexcellentB.WhatanexcellentC.Whataexcellent28.TherewillbepeopleinBeijingthanusualbecauseofallthevisitorstotheOlympics.Right.WeChineseshouldfeelpartoftheOlympicsandtryourbesttohelpA.manyB.moreC.most()29.WhiletravellingtoCanada,youshouldgiveyourselfadaytothetimeandknowthewaynearby.A.usedtoB.beusedtoC.useto330.ThedutyofProjectHopeistohelppoorchildren,isntitYes,ithasbuiltmanyschools_________thosechildrencanstudyhappily.A.whereB.whenC.which31.Chinas24thscienceresearchteam_________atChangchengStationonJanuary5,2008.WonderfulOurscientists________alotinthisfieldalready.A.havearrivedimprovedB.arrivedhasimprovedC.arrivedhaveimproved32.Readingcanincreaseyourwords.Whenyouread,youwillfindwordsrepeat(重复)________andbuildupyourvocabularyquickly.A.ourselvesB.itselfC.themselves()33.Ifyourfriendtellsalietoyou,youshouldA.tellalie,tooB.talkwithhimandfindoutthereasonC.hithimontheheadwithastone()34.Thesurvey调查shows200studentsdodifferentthingsbeforegoingtoschoolinthemorning_______ofthempracticeEnglishaccordingtothesurvey.A.70B.120C.140()35.WhichwordofthefollowinghasadifferentstressfromtheothersA.Magic.B.Gesture.C.Attract.三、完形填空(本题共10分.每小题1分)根据短文内容选择最佳答案。Smilesandtearsarepartoflife.Butdoyoufindenoughtimefor36Imnotaskingifyouexperiencelotsofgoodtimes.Ofcourse,weshouldlaughduringthehappytimes.Butdoyou37laughduringthedifficulttimesErmaBombeckisknownforherfunnybooks.Butshewrote38aboutamoreserioussubjectcancer癌症inchildren.Thebookistitled,IWANTTOGROW39,IWANTTOGROWUP.Ermatalkswithmanychildrenwho40cancerandlearnsimportantlessonsfromthem.Shelearns,forexample,thatcancersurvivors(幸存者)nowhowtheyshouldsmileatlife,thoughtheyarereceivingchemotherapy化疗.Shetellsabouttheexperienceof41Jessica.Jessicaslegwascutoffatthekneebecauseofcancer.Shewaslearningtowearaprosthesis假肢.Jessicatoldaboutplayingsoccer.Shehittheballhard42herfoot.Theballflewoffinonedirection方向43hermanmadelegflewanotherway.Thenthebravegirllayonthefloor,laughinghappily.Asthesayinggoes,Theresatimetocryandatimetolaugh.Doyoufind44timetolaughYoucan..,ifyoufindreasonstolaughduringthedifficulttimes.Survivorsknow45.ifyoucanlaughevenwhenyoureintrouble,youwillmakeit.Remember,laughandthewholeworldlaughwithyou.Cryandyoucryalone36.A.callingB.laughingC.crying37.A.eitherB.tooC.also38.A.itB.oneC.ones39.A.HAIRB.NAILS指甲C.GRASS40.A.hasB.haveC.had41.A.15yearsoldB.15yearsoldC.15yearold42.A.inB.withC.under43.A.whileB.wheneverC.whether44.A.manyB.plentyofC.alot45.A.wheretolaughB.whotolaughC.howtolaugh四、阅读理解(本题共20分,每小题1分)AAsweallknow,theoceanmoves.Butwaves波浪breakingonthebeachmaketheoceanfun.Whenyoustandontheshore海岸andlookatthewaves,itseemslikethewaterisrolling翻滚intowardyou.Butthewaterisnotreallymovingforward.Whatyouseemovingiswaveenergy.Andwaveenergycomesfromthe4wind.Letsthinkabouthowthisworks.Aswaveenergypassesthroughthewater,theenergymakesparticles粒子ofwatermoveupanddown.Justgiveyouanexampleofawavepassingunderabasketball.Weputabasketballonthesea.Whenthewindblows,awavecomesfrombehindthebasketball.Thebasketballmovesuptothetopwiththewave.Thenthewavecontinuesandleavesthebasketballbehind.Thebasketballlookslower,butitdoesntmoveforward.Thatsbecausethewaveenergymovesthewaterthatisunderthebasketballupanddownasitpasses.SowhycanyouseeawaveknockyoudownontheshoreWhenawavemovestowardtheshore,thebottom底部ofthewaveslowsdownbecauseitmeetstheoceanfloor.Butthetop,whichiscalledcrest,keepsmoving.Thedifferentactioncausesthewavetofalloverorbreakontotheshore.Ifawaveisverylarge,itcarriesalotofenergywhenithitstheland.Astimegoesby,wavescanbreakupandcarryawaytherocksandotherthingsontheshore.Shorelinesarechangingallthetimebecauseofwaveaction.根据短文内容选择最佳答案。46._______isreallymovingforwardwhenyoulookatthewaves.A.WaterB.WaveenergyC.Waterandwaveenergy47.Match与相匹配thesentenceswiththepicturesandchoosetherightanswer.1Thebasketballmovesuptothetopwiththewave.2Thewavecontinuesandleavesthebasketballbehind.3Whenthewindblows,awavecomesfrombehindthebasketball.48.TheunderlinedwordcrestinthepassagemeansinChinese.A.波峰B.波谷C.波长49.WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueaccordingtothepassageA.Waveenergycomesfromthewind.B.Allthewavescancarryalotofenergywhentheyhittheland.C.Waveactionmakesshorelineschangeallthetime.50.Themainideaofthispassageis______A.howwaveenergycauseswaveactionB.whatmakesparticlesofwatermoveC.whyawavecanknockyoudown(B)根据表格所提供的信息选择最佳答案。51.________hasthelargestpopulationamongthesecountries.A.ItalyB.AustraliaC.China52.IfyouwanttovisitBigBen大本钟,youshouldtravelto______5A.RomeB.LondonC.Beijing53.Youcanvisit_________inthecountrywiththesmallestpopulation.A.theOperaHouseB.theGreatWallC.theLeaningTowerofPisa比萨斜塔54.Fromtheform,youcanfind________inWesternEurope.A.onecountryB.twocountriesC.threecountries55.WhichofthefollowingisTRUEaccordingtotheinformationintheformA.AustraliaandBritainarentEnglishspeakingcountries.B.RomeisacityinSouthernEurope.C.CanberraisthecapitalofItaly.CLongagoakindfarmerwiththenameofFredlivedinasmalloldhousehappilytogetherwithhisgentlewife,Doris,whocouldntseeanythingattheageoffive.Onecoldwinternight,theLuckFairy仙女visitedthemwhiletheywereeatingsomebreadinthedim(昏暗的)light.Fred,youresokind.Idliketogiveyouawish.Itsmypleasuretosatisfyyou,saidtheLuckFairy.AwishFredandDorisasked,standinghandinhandandsmilingateachother.ThenFredanswered,Thanks,LuckFairy.Werelivingahappylife.Wearenolongeryoung,butwestillworkinthefieldfrommorningtonighteveryday.Weenjoyourselves,saidDoris.Youworkveryhardbutyoumakesolittlemoney.WouldyoulikesomegoldcoinstobuyacomfortablehouseaskedtheLuckFairy.Ohno,mydearLuckFairy.Weloveoursmalloldhouse.Wehavelivedhereforalongtime,answeredFred,withoutamomentshesitation犹豫.Wearehappytoworkandlivetogetherallthetime.Thatsenough,Dorisagreed.Thecouple夫妇werequitedifferentfromotherpeopletheLuckFairyhadevermet.Sheappreciated欣赏themverymuch.Shedisappeared,saying,Iwishyouahappylifeforever.Manyyearslater,thecouplelivedhappilyasusualItseemedtoothersthattheywerethehappiestintheworld.Satisfactionisakindoffeelingthatneedstobeexperiencedfrominside.ItsveryimportanttobesatisfiedwithwhatyouvegotIfyouenjoythepleasureofthesimplelife,goodluckwillfollowyou.根据短文内容判断正、误。(注意市区考生将答题卡相应位置涂黑,正确的涂A,错误的涂B,县(市)考生将答案填写在题前的括号内,正确的填A,错误的填B)56.Doriscouldntseeanythingwhenshewasfive.57.ThecoupleweretoooldtoworkinthefieldwhentheymettheLuckFairy.58.TheyboughtacomfortablehousewiththehelpoftheLuckFairy.59.TheLuckFairywantedtosatisfythecoupleswishbecausetheywerenotrich.60.Fromthestory,weshouldlearntoenjoyallthesatisfactionsfromthesimplelife.DTriptoDragonCity6根据图示所提供的信息选择最佳答案。61.LookatthemapofDragonCity.Thisisyourfirsttripthere.YouregoingtothehotelfromDragonSquare.Youshouldgostraightalong_______toStarBridge.A.SouthStreetB.EastStreetC.WestStreet62.ifyouleavethehotelforthezoo,youdbettergothere______A.byspaceshipB.byplaneC.byship63.Theshopiscloseto_______A.StarBridgeB.WaterBridgeC.DragonBridge64.Youmustpass______fromtheshoptothetheater.Itstheshortestway.A.thelibraryandthebookstoreB.thehospitalandthebookstoreC.thehospitalandtheschool65.WhichofthefollowingisTRUEaccordingtothemapA.Theparkisinthemiddleofthecity.B.Themuseumisbetween在之间thelibraryandthebookstore.C.Theschoolandthechurchareonthesamestreet.第II卷五、任务性阅读(本题共10分,每空1分)先阅读A)、(B)两篇短文,然后根据题目要求及所给语境完成下列四项任务。(A)speciallytakedifferenttheyexpressionAbout100countriesintheworldnowhaveadaytorespect(尊重)mothers.ThecelebrationofMothersDaycangetsonsanddaughterstorealizealltheefforts66ownmothershavemadeforthem.Thedateandnamemayhaveafew67fromonecountrytoanother.Butthepurposeisthesameto68theloveformothers.Childrencelebratethedaywithgiftslike69greetingcards贺卡,cakesandflowers.Especially尤其,childrenmustdowhatevertheycantohelpmothersandmakethemhappyonMothersDay.70mothersoutforlunchordinnerhasbecomeatraditionaltreatonMothersDay.(B)YouwillfindtrafficnoisedisappearingassoonasyouarriveinVenice威尼斯.Soasyouwalkdownthenarrow狭窄的streets,youonlyhavetoavoidcrowdsofpeople.About19milliontravellersvisitVenicefortheenjoyableenvironment,artandfoodeachyear.SeeingVeniceonfootisthebest.Youcanwalkthroughthecityinaboutanhour.LookaroundSt.MarksBasilicaandtheDogesPalace.Butyoushouldknowwalkingalongthestreetsisntaseasyastravellingonthecityscanals运河.ThecanalsareVenicesstreets.AndyoucanenjoytheGrandCanal,theRialtoBridgeandmanywoodenbuildings.Veniceisfantastic.Youshouldntmissitinyourlife.NomatterhowlongyoureinVenice,itwillleaveapleasantfeelingonyou.任务1用方框里所给单词的适当形式填空,使文章通顺、连贯、合理。(每词限用一次)66.67.68.69.70.任务2根据英文释义及首字母提示,拼写单词。71.c________________alargenumberofpeople72.w_______________madeofwood任务3同义句转换,每空一词。Veniceisfantastic.Youshouldntmissitinyourlife.Veniceis73fantastic74youshouldvisititinyourlife.任务4根据短文内容简答问题。75.WhatwillyoufinddisappearingassoonasyouarriveinVenice六、交际应用(本题共10分,每空1分)7(A)从A一C选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项补全对话。(选项中有两项是多余的)AWhatcanIdoforyou,sirB76AOK.Wenowhaveapples,grapesandbananasonsale.B77.AFiveyuanakilo.BIlltakesixapples.78.AThreekilos.79.BIdliketobuysomegrapesformygrandparents.HowmucharethegrapesAWell,thegreenonesarethreeyuanakiloandtheredonesarefouryuanakilo.BTwokilosoftheredones,please.AAllright.B80.AThankyou.76.77.78.79.80.B填入一个适当的词补全对话,每空一词。AHello,Huiyan.AreyoufreethisSaturdayBYes.WhatsupAWeplantogooutforapicnic.Why81comewithusBGoodideaBytheway,whatneedItakeASomeusefulthings,82asfoods,drinks,anumbrellaandsoon.Remembertowearsunglasses.Theycanprotectyoureyes.BItsreallykind83you.Besides,84andwhereshouldwemeetALetsmeetat730a.m.outsideHarbinAmusementPark,shall85BGreatSeeyoutomorrow.ASeeyou.81.82.83.84.85.七、阅读表达(本题共10分)A阅读短文,根据短文内容完成表格,每空一词。(本题共5分,每空1分)Chinahasdecidedtotakeactiontostoptheuseoffree免费的plasticbags.Supermarkets,shopsandoutlets经销点inChinawillnotbeallowedtoofferplasticbags.Everyyear,peopleusetoomanyplasticbagsandfailtodealwiththeminarightway,wastingtheoilandlitteringthecountry.Whileweofferquickandusefulservicetocustomers,theplasticbagscauseseriouspollutionandwasteofenergyaswell.Thegovernmentencouragespeopletogobacktocarryingcloth布bagsandusingbasketsfortheirvegetables.86.87.88.89.90.B)根据所给中英文信息完成应用文。(本题共5分)假如你叫葛春,你的英国朋友Johnson在四川抗震救灾中做志愿者。请根据他的来信内容写一封回信,感谢他为灾区所做的一切。要求至少写出五句话。A.Heresthemoney.B.HowmuchdotheyweighC.WouldyouliketoeatsomegrapesD.Iwantsomedrinks.E.WhatotherthingswouldyoulikeF.Iwantsomefruit.G.Howmucharetheapples8DearJohnson,Imveryhappytohearfromyou.YoursGeChun八、书面表达(本题共15分)朋友,还记得那些陪伴你左右的同桌(deskmate)吗他们乐观向上他们自强不息他们诚实可信他们勤奋好学你的生活因他们而精彩请通过一件事的记述,让我们认识一下你的一位勤奋好学的(hardworking)同桌吧要求1.请根据所提供的信息材料和话题(不要逐句翻译),写出结构严谨、内容完整、语言丰富优美、语法准确、可读性强的短文。2.至少80词。3.不得使用真实姓名、地名和学校名。4.题目自拟。9哈尔滨市2008年中考英语试题参考答案及评分标准一、听力测试(本题共30分)听录音,每题读两遍。朗读稿及答案I.15BAABB1.Lucylikestoaskquestionsinclass.2.Thesunisshining.Andthebirdsaresinging.Whatabrightandbeautifulworld3.Studentslikeswimminginthepoolduringtheirsummerholidays.4.Thepandaisoneofthemostpopularanimalsintheworld.ItsanationaltreasureofChina.5.Dontthrowawayrubbisheverywhere.Weshouldkeepourenvironmentclean.II.610BCCAB6.WExcuseme,Icantstartmycar.WouldyoupleasegivemeahandMSorry,Illhavetobeatthedoctorsinfiveminutes,andImlate.WButitllonlytakeamoment.MOh,well.OK,whereisitQWhatwillthemandofirst7.MIvejustboughtthiscoatonsale.Ipaidonly200forit.WhatdoyouthinkofitWItsverynice,butmydaughterboughtthesamethingforhalftheprice.QHowmuchdidthewomansdaughterpayforhercoat8.MHelloMayIspeaktoJohn,pleaseWSorry,heisntathome.Hehasgonetothelibrary.WhosthatspeakingMThisishisclassmate.QWhosmakingatelephonecalltoJohn9.MHi,Lucy.WhatsthatonthedeskWAChinesebook.ImlearningChinese.MWhendidyoustarttolearnChineseWIstartedtolearnittwoyearsago.QHowlonghasLucystudiedChinese10.MExcuseme,whichsubjectisyourfavoriteWIlikedrawing.Itsmyfavorite.MIhopetoseeyourpicturesassoonaspossible.QWhatsthegirlsfavoritesubjectIII.1115CCACAWWhatareyoudoingnow,DadMImlearningEnglishonTV.WWhatareyoudoingthatforYoureonlyataxidriver.IsitusefulforyoutolearnEnglishMYes.Asweknow,theOlympicGameswillbeheldinBeijingin2008.Whenthatdaycomes,ifIknowmuchEnglish,Iwilldrivemytaxitogivewelcomesandhelpfriendsfromallovertheworld.WOh,youarereallygreatMLetstryourbesttolearnEnglishwell,OKWOK.IV.1620CBCCAHerearesomepjçcesofadviceonhowtotalkwithyourparents.First,trytostartyourtalkwithsomethingfun.Thiswillmaketalkingeasier.Forexample,askyourparentsquestionsabouttheirhealth.WhataretheydoingwiththeirworkTheylovethis.Second,makeitclearwhatyouwanttotellyourparents.Iftheyhavesomethingtosay,letthemfinish.Askthemtodothesameforyou.
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