2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(五)及答案.doc.doc2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(五)及答案.doc.doc

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2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷五一、VOCABULARYANDSTRUCTURE(10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1THEREASONFORMAKINGADECISIONISTHATAPROBLEMEXISTS,ORSOMETHINGISSTANDING______THEWAYOFACCOMPLISHINGTHEMAINBONCBYDAT答案A2PEOPLEANDANIMALSAREDIFFERENT______THEIRREACTIONSTODRUGSANDINTHEWAYTHEIRBODIESWORKAINWHICHBINTHATCBYWHICHDFROMTHAT答案B3NEWANDMORE______METHODSHAVETOBEFOUNDFORCOLLECTINGEARTHQUAKEDATAANDANALYZINGITAUPTODATEBUPDATECUPTODOUTDATED答案A4AFILIPINOMAIDWASEXECUTEDINSINGAPOREAFTERBEINGCONVICTED______MURDER,DESPITEPROTESTSFROMVARIOUSQUARTERSTHATHERGUILTHADNOTBEENADEQUATELYESTABLISHEDAOFBWITHCABOUTDON答案A5______FROMTHEPOINTOFVIEWOFSOCIETYISNECESSARYLABORISFROMHISOWNPOINTOFVIEWVOLUNTARYPLAYATHATBWHATCWHICHDWHO答案B6ITWASTHERE,POLICEBELIEVE,THATWEINSTEINWASABLETO______THERECORDERSHEKEPTINHERBAGAACTBACTINGCACTIVATEDACTIVE答案C7THEVOTERSWERE______LARGELYBYADESIREFORCHANGEAMOTIONEDBMOTOREDCMOTIVATEDDMOTIVED答案C8HEWASTO______DIRECTORAACCELERATEDBLIFTEDCRAISEDDPROMOTED答案D9IFTHALIDOMIDEWEREINVENTEDTODAY,ITWOULDNEVERBE______FORHUMANUSEBECAUSENEWTESTSONPREGNANTANIMALSWOULDREVEALTHEDANGERSARELAXEDBRELEASEDCRELIEVEDDRELIVED答案B10THEMAINBREADWINNERINHERFAMILY,SHE______WORKFORAVERYLOWWAGEATATEAFACTORYAUSEDTOBWASUSEDTOCUSESTODHASUSEDTO答案A二、CLOZETEST(10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1ABOUT150YEARSAGO,AMUSICIANSATQUIETLYATACONCERTINVIENNAHEWASPLAYINGHISNEWSYMPHONYHECOULDN’T1THATTHEAUDIENCEWERECLAPPINGWILDLYHEWASDEAFHEWASBEETHOVEN,ONEOFTHEGREATESTMUSICIANSWHOEVERLIVEDBEETHOVENWROTEABOUT3002OFMUSICHEWROTESOMEOFHISMOSTBEAUTIFULPIECESAFTERHEBECAMEDEAFITISHARDFORANYONETOBEDEAFBUTITISEVENWORSEFORAMUSICIANTHANFOR3ELSETHINKOFNOTBEINGABLETOHEARTHEMUSICYOUHAVEWRITTENASACHILDBEETHOVENDIDNOTHAVEAHAPPYLIFEHISFATHERDRANK4WHENTHEBOYWASONLYFOUR,HISFATHERDECIDEDTOMAKEAMUSICIAN5HIMHOURAFTERHOURHEHADTOPRACTICE6THEVIOLINHELEARNEDSOFASTTHATHEWASABLETOMAKEACONCERTTOURWHENHEWASELEVENWHENHEWASSEVENTEEN,THEGREATMOZARTPRAISEDHIMAFTERHESTUDIEDWITHHAYDN,BEETHOVENWASWRITINGAGREATDEALOFMUSIC7BEETHOVENHADANUGLYFACEANDABADTEMPERHEWASOFTENINVITED8THEHOMESOFWEALTHYPEOPLETHEYFORGAVEHIMWHENHISTEMPERFLAREDUPILLNESSMADEHIMBECOMEDEAFWHENHEWAS9THIRTYONEBEETHOVENWROTELONGPIECESANDSHORTONES,GENTLEONESAND10ONES1AHEARBLISTENCLISTENTODHEAROF答案D2ATUNESBPIECESCSONGSDTONES答案B3AANYONEBEVERYONECNOBODYDEVERYBODY答案C4AAGREATMANYBAGREATDEALCALOTOFDLOTSOF答案D5AONBOUTOFCOFDWITH答案C6AONBOUTOFCOFDWITH答案A7ALONELYBHIMSELFCOFDONLY答案B8AONBFORCTODINTO答案D9ASIMPLYBSURELYCOFDONLY答案C10AEXCITINGBEXCITEDCBORINGDBORED答案D三、READINGCOMPREHENSION(30POINTS,2POINTSFOREACHITEM)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1HUMANFEELINGSAREAFFECTEDBYCOLOURUNCONSCIOUSLYMANUFACTURERSHAVEDISCOVEREDBYTRIALANDERRORTHATSUGARSELLSBADLYINGREENWRAPPINGS,THATBLUEFOODSARECONSIDEREDBYCONSUMERSASTASTELESS,ANDTHATCOSMETICSSHOULDNEVERBEPACKAGEDINBROWNTHESEDISCOVERIESHAVEGROWNINTOAWHOLEDISCIPLINEOFCOLOURPSYCHOLOGYSOMEOFOURPREFERENCESARECLEARLYPSYCHOLOGICALDARKBLUEISTHECOLOUROFTHENIGHTSKYANDTHEREFOREASSOCIATEDWITHQUIETANDCALMWHITEYELLOWISAKEYCOLOURINASSOCIATIONWITHENERGYFORPRIMITIVEMEN,ACTIVITYDURINGTHEDAYTIMEMEANTHUNTINGANDATTACKING,WHICHHESOONSAWRED,THECOLOUROFBLOODANDTHEFIRESOITWASNATURALTHATGREEN,THECOMPLEMENTARYCOLOURTORED,SHOULDBEASSOCIATEDWITHPASSIVEDEFENCEEXPERIMENTSHAVESHOWNTHATCOLOURSALSOHAVEADIRECTPSYCHOLOGICALEFFECTPEOPLEWHENEXPOSEDTOBRIGHTRED,SHOWANINCREASEINBREATHINGRATE,HEARTBEATANDBLOODPRESSUREREDISEXCITINGSIMILAREXPOSURETOPUREBLUEHASEXACTLYTHEOPPOSITEEFFECT,BECAUSEITISACALMINGCOLOURBECAUSEREDHASANIMPLICATIONOFEXCITING,ITWASCHOSENASTHESIGNALFORDANGERSOMEANALYSISSHOWSTHATAVIVIDYELLOWCANPRODUCEAMOREBASICSTATEOFALARMSOFIREENGINESANDAMBULANCESINSOMEADVANCEDCOUNTRIESARENOWRUSHINGAROUNDINBRIGHTYELLOWCOLOURSTHATSTOPTRAFFICDEED1THEPASSAGEISABOUT_______AWHYCOLOURAFFECTSHUMANSBCOLOURANDMANUFACTURERSCCOLOURANDTRAFFICACCIDENTSDHOWCOLOURSINFLUENCEHUMANFEELINGS答案D2MANUFACTURERSHAVEDISCOVEREDTHESECRETOFCOLOURSINMARKETING_______ABYACCUMULATINGTHEIRVARIOUSEXPERIENCESBBYEXPERIMENTINGWITHDIFFERENTCOLOURSCBYDEVELOPINGTHEDISCIPLINEOFCOLOURPSYCHOLOGYDBYTRYINGNOTTOMAKEMISTAKES答案A3OURPREFERENCESFORCERTAINCOLOURSARE_______AASSOCIATEDWITHTHETIMEOFTHEDAYBASSOCIATEDWITHPSYCHOLOGYCDEPENDENTONOURCHARACTERDLINKEDWITHTHEPRIMITIVEMEN答案B4IFPEOPLEAREEXPOSEDTORED,WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSDOESNOTHAPPENATHEYBREATHEFASTERBTHEIRBLOODPRESSURERISESCTHEYFEELAFRAIDDTHEIRHEARTSBEATFASTER答案C5WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISNOTTRUEACOLOURPROBABLYHASANEFFECTONUSWHICHWEARENOTCONSCIOUSOFBOURFEELINGSABOUTCERTAINCOLOURSAREPURELYPSYCHOLOGYCFOODSHOULDNEVERBEPACKAGEDINBROWNDSUGARSELLSBADLYINGREENWRAPPINGS答案C2THESEAISTHECOMMONPROPERTYOFALLNATIONSITBELONGSEQUALLYTOALLNONECANAPPROPRIATEITEXCLUSIVELYTOTHEMSELVES;NORISIT“FOREIGN”TOANYTHISWASTHEDECISIONOFJOHNMARSHALL,CHIEFJUSTICEOFTHEUNITEDSTATESFROM1801TO1835ITWASSTATEDASAFUNDAMENTALRULETHESEATHATNOONE,ANDTHEREFOREEVERYONE,OWNSTHEOCEANTHISMEANSTHATOUTSIDETERRITORIALWATERSTHEWATERSWITHINTHREEMILESOFACOUNTRY’SCOAST,THELAWISWHATEVERNATIONSAGREEONINPEACETIMEANDWHATEVERTHESTRONGESTNAVALPOWERSCANENFORCEINWARTIMEAFTERTHEUNITEDSTATESPURCHASEDALASKA,AMERICANSBEGANTOSEIZECANADIANSWHOWEREHUNTINGSEALSOUTSIDEALASKANTERRITORIALWATERSTHEAMERICANSCLAIMEDTHATTHESEALSWEREAMERICANPROPERTYBECAUSETHEYOFTENCAMEINTOTHEALASKANSHORESOWNEDBYTHEUNITEDSTATESINTERNATIONALARBITRATORSDISAGREEDWITHTHISREASONINGINSOMECASES,HOWEVER,THESPECIALRIGHTSOFANATIONTHATMAKESUSEOFANOPENSEAAREAARERECOGNIZEDALLOFTHESEA’SRULESOFTHEROADAREESTABLISHEDBYINTERNATIONALCONFERENCESANDTREATIES1THEFUNDAMENTALRULEOFTHESEAMEANSTHAT_______ATHESEASHOULDBEEQUALLYDIVIDEDAMONGALLTHENATIONSINTHEWORLDBANYAREAOFTHESEABELONGSTOTHENATIONCLOSESTTOITCNONATIONHASANYSEARIGHTSDNONATIONHASEXCLUSIVERIGHTTOTHEOPENSEA答案2THEAMERICAN’SCLAIMTOTHESEALSWASBASEDON_______ATHEIDEATHATTHESEALSCOMINGTOAMERICANSHORESWEREAMERICANPROPERTYBTHEIDEATHATTHEYWEREINTERNATIONALARBITRATORSCTHEFACTTHATTHEUNITEDSTATESHADPURCHASEDALLTHEWATERSOFFALASKADTHEFACTTHATTHEUNITEDSTATESHADSPECIALRIGHTSFOROPENSEAAREAS答案A3INTERNATIONALARBITRATORSDECIDEDTHAT_______AINTERNATIONALARBITRATORSDECIDEDTHATBTHECANADIANSCOULDHUNTTHESEALSOUTSIDEALASKATERRITORIALWATERSCTHEUNITEDSTATESCOULDCLAIMTHESEALSASITSPROPERTYDTHEAMERICANSCOULDNOTHUNTTHESEALS答案B4INPEACETIME,NATIONSMAYACQUIRESPECIALRIGHTSONOPENWATERSBY_______AANAGREEMENTWITHTHESTRONGESTNAVALPOWERSBTHEDECISIONSOFINTERNATIONALARBITRATORSCINTERNATIONALAGREEMENTSDNEGOTIATIONSWITHTHOSEWHOOWNTHEAREAS答案C5THEMAINIDEAOFTHISPASSAGEISTHAT_______ATHELAWOFTHESEAWASSTATEDBYJOHNMARSHALLBSOMENATIONSAREABLETOACQUIRESPECIALOPENSEARIGHTSCEVERYNATIONOWNSITSTERRITORIALWATERSDTHELAWSOFTHESEAAREESTABLISHEDBYINTERNATIONALAGREEMENT答案C3HOMINGPIGEONSAREPLACEDINATRAININGPROGRAMFROMABOUTTHETIMETHEYARETWENTYEIGHTDAYSOFAGETHEYARETAUGHTTOENTERTHECAGETHROUGHATRAPANDTOEXERCISEABOVEANDAROUNDTHELOFT鸽房,ANDGRADUALLYTHEYARETAKENAWAYFORSHORTDISTANCESINWILLOWBASKETSANDRELEASEDTHEYARETHENEXPECTEDTOFINDTHEIRWAYHOMEINTHESHORTESTPOSSIBLETIMEINTHEIRTRAININGFLIGHTSORINACTUALRACES,THEBIRDSARETAKENTOPREARRANGEDDISTANTPOINTSANDRELEASEDTOFINDTHEIRWAYBACKTOTHEIROWNLOFTSONCETHEBIRDSARELIBERATED,THEIROWNERS,WHOARESTANDINGBYATTHEHOMELOFTS,ANXIOUSLYWATCHTHESKYFORTHERETURNOFTHEIRENTRIESSINCETIMEISOFTHEESSENCE,THESPEEDWITHWHICHTHEBIRDSCANBEINDUCEDTOENTERTHELOFTTRAPMAYMAKETHEDIFFERENCEBETWEENGAININGAWINORASECONDPLACETHEHEADOFAHOMINGPIGEONISCOMPARATIVELYSMALL,BUTITSBRAINISONEQUARTERLARGERTHANTHATOFTHEORDINARYPIGEONTHEHOMINGPIGEONISVERYINTELLIGENTANDWILLPERSEVERETOTHEPOINTOFSTUBBORNNESS;SOMEHAVEBEENKNOWNTOFLYAHUNDREDMILESOFFCOURSETOAVOIDASTORMSOMEHOMINGPIGEONEXPERTSCLAIMTHATTHISBIRDISGIFTEDWITHAFORMOFBUILTINRADARTHATHELPSITFINDITSOWNLOFTAFTERHOURSOFFLIGHT,FORHIDDENUNDERTHEHEADFEATHERSARETWOVERYSENSITIVEEARS,WHILETHESHARP,PROMINENTEYESCANSEEGREATDISTANCESINDAYTIMEWHYDOHOMINGPIGEONSFLYHOMETHEYARENOTUNIQUEINTHISINHERENTSKILL;ITISFOUNDINMOSTMIGRATORYBIRDS,INBEES,ANTS,TOADS,ANDEVENTURTLES,WHICHHAVEBEENKNOWNTOTRAVELHUNDREDSOFMILESTORETURNTOTHEIRHOMESBUTINTHEANIMALWORLD,THEHOMINGPIGEONALONECANBETRUSTEDWITHITSFREEDOMANDTRAINEDTOCARRYOUTTHEMISSIONSTHATPEOPLEDEMAND1THISPASSAGEISMAINLYABOUT_______AHOMINGPIGEONSANDTHEIRTRAININGBHOWTOBUYAHOMINGPIGEONCPROTECTIONOFHOMINGPIGEONSAGAINSTTHETHREATOFEXTINCTIONDLIBERATIONOFHOMINGPIGEONS答案A2ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,WHATHAPPENSTOHOMINGPIGEONSWHENTHEYAREABOUTAMONTHOLDATHEYAREKEPTINATRAPBTHEYENTERTHEIRFIRSTRACECTHEYBEGINATRAININGPROGRAMDTHEYGETTHEIRWINGSCLIPPEDANDMARKED答案C3ACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGE,WHATISTHEDIFFERENCEBETWEENAHOMINGPIGEONANDANORDINARYONEATHESPANOFTHEWINGSBTHESHAPEOFTHEEYESCTHETEXTUREOFTHEFEATHERSDTHESIZEOFTHEBRAIN答案D4THEAUTHORMENTIONSALLOFTHEFOLLOWINGATTRIBUTESTHATENABLEAHOMINGPIGEONTORETURNHOMEEXCEPT_______AINSTINCTBAIRSACSCSENSITIVEEARSDGOODEYES答案B5WHYDOESTHEAUTHORMENTIONBEES,ANTS,TOADS蟾蜍,ANDTURTLESINTHELASTPARAGRAPHATODESCRIBESOMEUNUSUALKINDSOFPETSBTOMEASUREDISTANCESTRAVELEDBYVARIOUSANIMALSCTOCOMPARETHEIRHOMEFINDINGABILITIESWITHTHOSEOFHOMINGPIGEONSDTOINTERESTTHEREADERINLEARNINGABOUTOTHERANIMALS答案C四、WORDSPELLING20POINTS,05POINTFORTWOWORDS将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。1研究;调查NR答案RESEARCH2商人NM答案MERCHANT3分析VA答案ANALYZE4全体人员;人事(部门)NP答案PERSONNEL5生命的;极为重要的AV答案VITAL6管理;行政NA答案ADMINISTRATION7尽管;任凭PREPD答案DESPITE8提高;增强VE答案ENHANCE9坚持;持续VP答案PERSIST10仪器;乐器NI答案INSTRUMENT11最初的;开始的AI答案INITIAL
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