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2005年10月自考英语二冲刺模拟试题(三)来源考试大20051012112509责任编辑StudaPARTONEⅠ.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeachitem从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Inaddition,aseconddoctormustconfirmthatthesecriteriahasbeenmetandthedeathmust______tothepolicedepartment.A.reportB.bereportedC.reportingD.havingreported2.Acaraccident______himfromplayingfootball.A.enabledB.abledC.disabledD.unabled3.Therobberis______capitalpunishment.A.deservingB.deservedC.deservingofD.deservedof4.Themusicbecomesasloudand______asthehumanearcouldstand.A.penetratingB.concentratingC.puncturingD.conciliating5.Thesearetherobots______forthereductioninjobrelatedinjuriesinthisnewindustry.A.respondB.responsiveC.responsoryD.responsible6.Schoolsusuallyset______theireducationalobjectivetheattainmentofabalanceddevelopmentofaperson.A.toB.inC.withD.as7.Hewas______todirector.A.acceleratedB.liftedC.raisedD.promoted8.Thereistheapparent______thattheeffectivecauseofthehighproportionoftheoldisbirthsratherthandeaths.A.parableB.paradeC.paradiseD.paradox9.Amajorpartynomineehasthe______advantageofsupportfromthepartyfaithful.A.criticB.criticiseC.criticalD.criticism10.Whenit______tothelatestresearchesintoheartdisease,Ihaventtheslightestidea.A.talksB.speaksC.tellsD.comesⅡ.ClozeTest10points,1pointforeachitem根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。Naturehasaperfectsystemforrecyclingwater.Waterisusedagainandagain.Itfallsasrain.Thenitgoesoneofthreeplaces.Itmightseepslowlythroughthesoil11itsoaksthroughintothenaturalreservoirsunderground.Itmightdisappearintotheairby12quickly.Itmightrunoffintostreamstoriversandtotheoceans.Thereisaproblem13thisrecyclingsystem.Itisabalancethatcanbeeasilyupsetbypeople.Naturesrecyclingsystemcanworkwell14peopleworkwiththesystemnotagainstit.Somewaysthatpeople15withnatureareeasytounderstand.Dirtysewagewaterfromhomesandfactoriesmustnot16withdrinkingwater.Peoplewouldgetsickfromdrinkingdirtywater.Thereareotherwaysthatpeoplehindernature.Someofthesewaysarenotsoeasytounderstand.17,amarshybogmaynotbegoodforeverything,butitservesanimportantpurpose.Thesoft,wetsoilofabog沼泽18watertoreachtheundergroundreservoirs.WhathappenstothebalanceofnatureifthebogisfilledinManyhousingdevelopmentprojectshavebeenbuiltwheremarshesoncewere.The19ofthehousesarelikelytohaveproblems.Theyarelikelytofillupwithwater,tofloodin20seasons.Hugestormsewersarebuilttocarryawaywiththewaterfromwetareas.Thesehugepipespreventwetbasementsinthehousesofthecommunity.11.A.becauseB.ifC.afterD.as12.A.evaporatingB.beingevaporatedC.havingbeenevaporatedD.beingevaporating13.A.ofB.withC.throughD.from14.A.onlybeforeB.unlessC.althoughD.onlyif15.A.accordB.concernC.interfereD.intervence16.A.separateB.cleanC.mixD.filter17.A.TostartwithB.TonamejustafewC.ForexampleD.Incontrast18.A.forbidsB.discouragesC.preventsD.allows19.A.basisB.baseC.basicD.basements20.A.dryB.snowyC.rainyD.mistyⅢ.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem的答案涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Whenyourparentsadviseyoutogetaneducationinordertoraiseyourincome,theytellyouonlyhalfthetruth.Whattheyreallymeanistogetjustenougheducationtoprovidemanpowerforyoursociety,butnotsomuchthatyouproveanembarrassmenttoyoursociety.Getahighschooldiploma,atleast.Withoutthat,youwillbeoccupationallydeadunlessyournamehappenstobeGeorgeBernardShaworThomasAlvaEdison,andyoucansuccessfullydropoutingradeschool.Getacollegedegree,ifpossible.WithaB.A.,youareonthelaunchingpad.Butnowyouhavetostarttoputonthebrakes.Ifyougoforamastersdegree,makesureitisanM.B.A.,andisfamous.Lawofdiminishingreturnsbeginstotakeeffect.Doyouknow,forinstance,thatlonghaultruckdriversearnmoreperyearthanfullprofessorsYes,theaverage1977salaryforthosetruckerswas$24,000.Whilethefullprofessorsmanagedtoearnjust$23,030.APh.D.isthehighestdegreeyoucanget.Exceptforafewspecializedfieldssuchasphysicsorchemistrywherethedegreecanquicklybeturnedtoindustrialorcommercialpurposes,ifyoupursuesuchadegreeinanyotherfield,youwillfaceadimfuture.TherearemorePh.D.sunemployedorunderemployedinthiscountrythananyotherpartoftheworld.IfyoubecomeadoctorofphilosophyinEnglishorhistoryoranthropologyorpoliticalscienceorlanguagesorworstofallinphilosophy,youruntheriskofbecomingovereducatedforournationaldemands.Notforourneeds,mindyou,butforourdemands.ThousandsofPh.D.saresellingshoes,drivingcars,waitingontable,andendlesslyfillingoutapplicationsmonthaftermonth.Theymayalsotakeajobinsomehighschoolorbackwatercollegethatpaysmuchlessthanthejanitorearns.Youcanequatethelevelofincomewiththelevelofeducationonlysofar.Farenough,thatis,tomakeyouusefultothegrossnationalproduct,butnotsofarthatnobodycanturnmuchofaprofitonyou.21.Accordingtothewriter,whatthesocietyexpectsofeducationistoturnoutpeoplewho______.A.willnotbeadisgracetosocietyB.willbecomeloyalcitizensC.cantakecareofthemselvesD.canmeetthenationsdemandsasasourceofmanpower22.ManyPh.D.sareoutofjobbecause______.A.theyareimproperlyeducatedB.theyareoflittlecommercialvaluetotheirsocietyC.therearefewerjobsinhighschoolsD.theyprefereasierjobsthatmakemoremoney23.Thenationisonlyinterestedinpeople______.A.withdiplomasB.whospecializeinphysicsandchemistryC.whoarevaluabletothegrossnationalproductD.bothAandC24.WhichofthefollowingisnottrueA.BernardShawdidntfinishhighschools,nordidEdison.B.Onemustthinkcarefullybeforepursuingamastersdegree.C.Thehigheryoureducationlevel,themoremoneyyouwillearn.D.Ifyouaretoowelleducated,youllbeovereducatedforsocietysdemands.25.Thewriterseeseducationas______.A.ameansofprovidingjobsecurityandfinancialsecurityandameansofmeetingacountrysdemandsfortechnicalworkersB.awaytobroadenoneshorizonsC.moreimportantthanfindingajobD.anopportunitythateveryoneshouldhavePassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.WhatarethespecifictraitsthatwillassistexecutivestoclimbtheladderofsuccessOpinionsvarywidely.Givenapproximatelyequalqualificationsandcircumstances,someclaimthesuccessfactorislargelyamatterofluckbeingintherightplaceattherighttime.Othersspeakofanalmostcrazydevotiontowork,combinedwithadegreeofruthlessness.Oneexpertmaintainsthatitsundoubtedlyamatterofhowmucheducationyourmotherhad.Tomakeitbig,executivesmustpossessfourbasicskillsFirst,drive.Businesssuccesstakesanunusualamountofenergy.Asuccessfulexecutivealmostbydefinitionisastriver.Hewillgettensewhenheisnotstriving.Second,peoplesense.SomesaybeingabletojudgepeopleismoreimportantthanahighIQ.Theskillcanbeinstinctual本能的,butinmostcasesitispainstakinglylearned.Third,communicationsability.Differentexecutivesmakethemselvesunderstoodindifferentways.Sometransmitideasbestfacetofaceothersaremastersofthetelephonecallstillothersarepersuasivewriters.Onewayoranother,theyallcommunicateclearly.Fourth,calmunderpressure.Nobusinessmanwillgetveryfarifhechokesup.26.Somepeopleclaimthatbesideshardwork,thesuccessalsorequires______.A.equalqualificationsB.specifictraitsC.mucheducationD.adegreeofcruelty27.Accordingtothepassage,ahighIQis______.A.instinctualB.painstakinglylearntC.inbornD.moretrivialthanpeoplesense28.Thesuccessfulexecutivesmust______.A.transmitideasfacetofaceB.dependontelephonesC.bepersuasivewritersD.expressthemselvesdistinctly29.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEA.Everybusinessmanpossessesthesefourskills.B.Whenastriverstopshisdevotiontowork,hewillfeelquiteatease.C.Thesebasicskillsarenotinstinctualatall.D.Motherseducationhasundoubtedeffectonherchildssuccess.30.WhatsthemainideaofthepassageA.Fourskillsforsuccessfulexecutives.B.Someopinionsaboutthesuccess.C.Specifictraitsforsuccessfulexecutives.D.Qualificationsandcircumstancesforclimbingtheladder.PassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Asthepaceoflifecontinuestoincrease,wearefastlosingtheartofrelaxation.Onceyouareinthehabitofrushingthroughlife,beingonthegofrommorningtillnight,itishardtoslowdown.Butrelaxationisessentialforahealthymindandbody.Stressisanaturalpartofeverydaylifeandthereisnowaytoavoidit.Infact,itisnotthebadthingitisoftensupposedtobe.Acertainamountofstressisvitaltoprovidemotivationandgivepurposetolife.Itisonlywhenthestressgetsoutofcontrolthatitcanleadtopoorperformanceandillhealth.Theamountofstressapersoncanwithstanddependsverymuchontheindividual.Somepeoplearenotafraidofstress,andsuchcharactersareobviouslyprimematerialformanagerialresponsibilities,othersloseheartatthefirstsignofunusualdifficulties.Whenexposedtostress,inwhateverform,wereactbothchemicallyandphysically.Infactwemakechoicebetweenflightorfightandinmoreprimitivedaysthechoicesmadethedifferencebetweenlifeordeath.Thecriseswemeettodayareunlikelytobesoextreme,buthoweverlittlethestressis,itinvolvesthesameresponse.Itiswhensuchareactionlastslong,throughcontinuedexposuretostress,thathealthbecomesendangered.Sincewecantremovestressfromourlivesitwouldbeunwisetodosoevenifwecould,weneedtofindwaystodealwithit.31.Peoplearefindinglessandlesstimeforrelaxingthemselvesbecause______.A.theyregardworkingastheirgreatestenjoymentB.theybelievethatworkissuperiortorelaxationC.theyaretravelingfastallthetimeD.theyarebecomingbusierwiththeirworkthanevenbefore32.Accordingtotheauthor,themostimportantcharacterforagoodmanagerishis______.A.unyieldingwilltoholdoutstressB.knowingtheartofrelaxationC.highsenseofresponsibilityD.havingcontroloverperformance33.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUE,accordingtothepassageA.Wecanfindquiteafewwaystoavoidstress.B.Stressisalwaysharmfultopeopleshealth.C.Itseasytochangethehabitofkeepingoneselfbusywithwork.D.Differentpeoplecanbeardifferentamountofstress.34.Inthelastsentenceofthepassage,dosorefersto______.A.exposeourselvestostressB.findwaystodealwithstressC.removestressfromourlivesD.establishlinksbetweendiseasesandstress35.Accordingtotheauthor,therightattitudetowardstressis______.A.toavoiditB.toregarditasavitalmotivationC.totrytocopewithitD.tofindsomerelaxationPARTTWOⅣ.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwoitems作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。36.争辩争论v.a________37.有说服力的令人信服的a.c__________________38.易受伤的易受害的a.v__________________39.到国外在国外ad.a__________40.参与者n.p____________________41.集合组装v.a______________42.认出承认n.r____________________43.目的地终点n.d____________________44.忽视忽略v.n____________45.民主的a.d__________________46.乱丢v.l__________47.鲜明地生动地ad.v____________48.赌博投机v.g__________49.同情怜悯n.c__________________50.宇宙的普遍的a.u________________51.发言人代言人n.s________________52.垄断专卖n.m______________53.排队n./v.q________54.无论如何不顾ad.r__________________55.谚语格言n.p____________Ⅴ.WordForm(10points,1pointforeachitem)答案写在答题纸上。
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