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自考英语(二)英语模拟试题ⅠVOCABULARYANDSTRUCTURE10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1________AMERICANSHAVEDIFFERENTVIEWSONMANYISSUES,THEYTENDTOAGREEONONESUBJECTTAXESARETOOHIGHADESPITEBINSPITEOFCBECAUSEDALTHOUGH2THESELITTLETHINGSARENTIMPORTANT________THEMSELVES,BUTPUTTOGETHER,THEYCANCAUSETROUBLESABYBINCFORDAT3IFTHEREWEREANYINHABITANTSOFTHEMOON,THEYWOULDSEEOUREARTHREFLECTINGTHELIGHTOFTHESUN,AGAINLIKEAHUGEMIRROR________INTHESKYAHANGBHANGEDCHUNGDHANGS4WHENWECALLAWORD“LEARNED,”WEDONOTMEANTHATITISUSEDBYLEARNEDPERSONSALONE,________SIMPLYTHATITSPRESENCEINTHEENGLISHVOCABULARYISDUETOBOOKSANDTHECULTIVATIONOFLITERATURERATHERTHANTOTHEACTUALNEEDSOFORDINARYCONVERSATIONASOBSINCECBUTDFOR5________ISACCEPTEDASTRUEOFTENISRELATIVELY,ANDNOTABSOLUTELY,TRUEAWHATBTHATCWHICHDIT6I________AWAKEFORABOUTTWOHOURSLASTNIGHTALIEBLIEDCLAIDDLAY7INTHEORY,EVERYPERSONWILLHAVE________TOANUNLIMITEDAMOUNTOFINFORMATIONWITHTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTELECOMMUNICATIONSATELLITESAENTRYBACCESSCENTRANCEDOPENING8ITISINIRAN________THEFAMILYMEMBERSAREINVOLVEDINTHEWEDDINGPREPARATIONSAWHEREBINWHICHCTHATDFROMWHICH9IHAVENEVERBEFOREMET________ASHEISASOANINTELLIGENTPERSONBASOINTELLIGENTPERSONCSOINTELLIGENTPERSONDSOINTELLIGENTAPERSON10THEROLEOFTHEFATHERINTHETRADITIONALFAMILYWASTOPROVIDE________HISFAMILYAFORBWITHCUPDOVERⅡCLOZETEST10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。GETTINGPLENTYOFEXERCISEISVERYIMPORTANTIENJOY11VERYMUCHLASTSUMMER,IWENTTOTHEBEACHEVERYDAYIPLANTOGOTHERETHISSUMMERTOO,12IMAYNOTBEABLETOIHAVEANEWJOBSOMETIMESIHAVETOWORKUNTIL13ATNIGHTTHOUGHINOWWORKMOREHOURSTHANIUSEDTO,IDORECEIVEALARGERSALARYIDIDNTRECEIVEMUCHPAYONMYOLDJOBILIKE14NEWJOB,BUTHADIKNOWNTHATITWOULDTAKEUPSOMUCHOFMYFREETIME,I15ITIPREFERSWIMMINGTOSPENDINGMONEYIHAVEHEAREDTHATRIDINGABIKEISGOODEXERCISEMAYBEIWILLBEABLETO16ENOUGHMONEYTOBUYABIKEMYNEIGHBOUR,MRSWILSON,HASABICYCLETHATICOULDBORROWFROMHER,BUTIWOULDRATHEROWNMYOWNBIKEIFIUSED17,IWOULDWORRYABOUTDAMAGINGITSINCEI18MOREMONEYNOW,ITHINKTHATICANAFFORDTOBUYMYOWNGETTINGABIKEISREALLYAGOODIDEA,BECAUSEWHILEIAMRIDINGTOANDFROMWORK,IWILLBEGETTINGEXERCISEATTHESAMETIMEITSEASIERTOGETTOTHEBEACHBYBIKETOOIMIGHTBEABLETOGOSWIMMINGEVERYDAY19THISNEWJOBISGREATIMVERY20THISWILLBEASUMMERFULLOFEXERCISE11ATOSWIMBSWIMCSWIMMINGDTHESWIM12AANDBORCNEITHERDBUT13ALATELYBLATTERCLATEDLATEST14ASOMEBANYCMYDITS15AWOULDNOTTAKEBWOULDNTHAVETAKENCWONTHAVETAKENDHADNOTTAKEN16ATAKEBSAVECKEEPDMAINTAIN17AHERBHERSCITSDTHEIRS18AMAKEBSPENDCPAYDDO19AATALLBALLOVERCAFTERALLDALLBUT20AEXCITEDBEXCITINGCSURPRISINGDSURPRISEDⅢREADINGCOMPREHENSION30POINTS,2POINTSFOREACHITEM将相应的答案涂黑。PASSAGEONEQUESTIONS21TO25AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGEWHENROWLANDHILL,LITTLEMORETHANAHUNDREDYEARSAGO,FIRSTADVOCATEDTHEINTRODUCTIONOFCHEAPPOSTAGEINENGLAND,HEHADTOFACEMANYOPPONENTSOFTHESCHEME;SOMESAIDTHATITWOULDNOTPAY,OTHERSTHATITWASUNWORKABLEBUTHILL,SUPPORTEDBYGENERALPUBLICOPINION,EVENTUALLYOVERCAMEOPPOSITION,ANDLATEIN1839THEPENNYPOSTWASESTABLISHEDFROMTHENUNTILTHEFIRSTWORLDWARTHECOSTOFSENDINGALETTERANYDISTANCEWITHINTHEUNITEDKINGDOMREMAINEDATONEPENNYTHEGLOOMYPROPHECIES预言OFTHECRITICSWERENOTFULFILLEDTHEPROFITSOFTHEPOSTOFFICEWEREMAINTAINEDANDIMPROVEMENTSINTRANSPORTANDADMINISTRATIONMADEITPOSSIBLENOTONLYTOHANDLETHEINCREASEDVOLUMEOFCORRESPONDENCEBUTALSOTOEXTENDPOSTALFACILITIESBEFORETHISGREATCHANGETOOKPLACE,THECHARGEFORSENDINGALETTERVARIEDACCORDINGTOTHEDISTANCETHELETTERWASCARRIEDANDHADTOBEPAIDFORONDELIVERYBYTHEPERSONTOWHOMITWASADDRESSEDTHELOWESTCHARGEWASFOURPENCEANDFORLONGDISTANCESASMUCHASEIGHTEENPENCESUCHHIGHRATES,WHENWAGESWERELOW,COULDRARELYBEAFFORDEDBYPOORPEOPLE,WHOWEREOFTENCOMPELLEDTOREFUSELETTERSFROMTHEIRDEARONESBECAUSETHEYWEREUNABLETOPAYUNDERTHENEWSCHEME,ALETTERWASPAIDFORBYTHESENDER,WHOAFFIXED贴上TOITANADHESIVE粘的POSTAGESTAMP,THECOSTOFWHICHWASWITHINREACHOFALLTHUSTHEPOORWEREENABLEDTOEXCHANGENEWSWITHTHEIRRELATIONSANDFRIENDSATATIMEWHENMANYOFTHEMHADLEFTTHEIRHOMESTOSEEKWORKELSEWHEREBUSINESSMENALSOFOUNDCHEAPPOSTAGEABOOMAND,SINCEITSOONTURNEDOUTTOBEAGREATFINANCIALSUCCESS,THENEWSCHEMEWAS,BEFORELONG,ADOPTEDBYEVERYCIVILIZEDCOUNTRYINTHEWORLDAFINALTRIBUTE明证TOTHEWISDOMANDVISIONOFITSPROMOTER21“SOMESAIDTHATITIEROWLANDHILLSSCHEMEWOULDNOTPAY”MEANS________ASOMESAIDTHATPEOPLEWOULDREFUSETOPAYFORTHESCHEMEBSOMESAIDTHATTHESCHEMEWOULDNOTBEPROFITABLECSOMESAIDTHATTHESCHEMEWASNOTECONOMICALDSOMESAIDTHATTHEYDIDNOTHAVEENOUGHMONEYTOPAYFORTHESCHEME22ROWLANDHILLSSYSTEMISKNOWNASTHE‘PENNYPOST’________ABECAUSEITUNDERTOOKTHEDELIVERYOFALLINLANDLETTERSFORTHECHARGEOFONEPENNYBSINCEITWASESTABLISHEDLATEIN1839CBECAUSEMANYPEOPLEWHOUSEDITSFACILITIESWEREPOORDASARESULTOFTHEGLOOMYPROPHECIESOFTHOSEWHOHADSAIDSCHEMEWOULDNOTPAY23POSTALFACILITIESWEREEXTENDEDAFTERTHEINTRODUCTIONOFTHEPENNYPOST________ABECAUSETHEVOLUMEOFCORRESPONDENCEINCREASEDBASARESULTOFIMPROVEMENTSINTRANSPORTANDADMINISTRATIONCUNTILTHEFIRSTWORLDWARDPROVIDEDTHATTHECOSTOFSENDINGALETTERREMAINEDATONEPENNY24UNDERTHEOLDSYSTEMTHEPOORHADFREQUENTLYBEENCOMPELLEDTOREFUSELETTERS________ABECAUSETHEYCOULDNOTAFFORDTOPAYTHEHIGHPOSTAGERATESWHICHHADTOBEPAIDONRECEIPTOFALETTERBUNLESSTHECHARGEONTHEMWASLESSTHANFOURPENCECALTHOUGHRATESVARIEDACC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