机械外文翻译--质量与检测.doc机械外文翻译--质量与检测.doc

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1本科毕业论文(设计)外文资料及其翻译学生姓名所在院系机电学院所学专业机电技术教育导师姓名完成时间QUALITYANDINSPECTION2ACCORDINGTOTHEAMERICANSOCIETYFORQUALITYCONTROLASQC,QUALITYISTHETOTALITYOFFEATURESANDCHARACTERISTICSOFAPRODUCTORSERVICETHATBEARONITSABILITYTOSATISFYGIVENNEEDSTHEDEFINITIONIMPLIESTHATTHENEEDSOFTHECUSTOMERMUSTBEIDENTIFIEDFIRSTBECAUSESATISFACTIONOFTHOSENEEDSISTHE“BOTTOMLINE”OFACHIEVINGQUALITYCUSTOMERNEEDSSHOULDTHENBETRANSFORMEDINTOPRODUCTFEATURESANDCHARACTERISTICSSOTHATADESIGNANDTHEPRODUCTSPECIFICATIONSCANBEPREPAREDINADDITIONTOAPROPERUNDERSTANDINGOFTHETERMQUALITY,ITISIMPORTANTTOUNDERSTANDTHEMEANINGOFTHETERMSQUALITYMANAGEMENT,QUALITYASSURANCE,ANDQUALITYCONTROLQUALITYMANAGEMENTISTHATASPECTOFTHEOVERALLMANAGEMENTFUNCTIONTHATDETERMINESANDIMPLEMENTSTHEQUALITYPOLICYTHERESPONSIBILITYFORQUALITYMANAGEMENTBELONGSTOSENIORMANAGEMENTTHISACTIVITYINCLUDESSTRATEGICPLANNING,ALLOCATIONOFRESOURCES,ANDRELATEDQUALITYPROGRAMACTIVITIESQUALITYASSURANCEINCLUDESALLTHEPLANNEDORSYSTEMATICACTIONSNECESSARYTOPROVIDEADEQUATECONFIDENCETHATAPRODUCTORSERVICEWILLSATISFYGIVENNEEDSTHESEACTIONSAREAIMEDATPROVIDINGCONFIDENCETHATTHEQUALITYSYSTEMISWORKINGPROPERLYANDINCLUDEEVALUATINGTHEADEQUACYOFTHEDESIGNSANDSPECIFICATIONSORAUDITINGTHEPRODUCTIONOPERATIONSFORCAPABILITYINTERNALQUALITYASSURANCEAIMSATPROVIDINGCONFIDENCETOTHEMANAGEMENTOFACOMPANY,WHILEEXTERNALQUALITYASSURANCEPROVIDESASSURANCEOFPRODUCTQUALITYTOTHOSEWHOBUYFROMTHATCOMPANYQUALITYCONTROLCOMPANIESTHEOPERATIONALTECHNIQUESANDACTIVITIESTHATSUSTAINAQUALITYOFPRODUCTORSERVICESOTHATTHEPRODUCTWILLSATISFYGIVENNEEDSTHEQUALITYCONTROLFUNCTIONISCLOSESTTOTHEPRODUCTINTHATVARIOUSTECHNIQUESOFUNSATISFACTORYSOURCESOFQUALITYPERFORMANCEMANYOFTHEQUALITYSYSTEMSOFTHEPASTWEREDESIGNEDWITHTHEOBJECTIVEOFSORTINGGOODPRODUCTSFROMBADPRODUCTSDURINGTHEVARIOUSPROCESSINGSTEPSTHOSEPRODUCTSJUDGEDTOBEBADHADTOBEREWORKEDTOMEETSPECIFICATIONSIFTHEYCOULDNOTBEREWORKED,THEYWERESCRAPPEDTHISTYPEOFSYSTEMISKNOWNASA“DETECTIONCORRECTION”SYSTEMWITHTHISSYSTEM,PROBLEMSWERENOTFOUNDUNTILTHEPRODUCTSWEREINSPECTEDORWHENTHEYWEREUSEDBYTHECUSTOMERBECAUSEOFTHEINHERENTNATUREOFHUMANINSPECTORS,THEEFFECTIVENESSOFTHESORTINGOPERATIONSWASOFTENLESSTHAN90QUALITYSYSTEMSTHATAREPREVENTIVEINNATUREAREBEINGWIDELYIMPLEMENTEDTHESESYSTEMSPREVENTPROBLEMSFROMOCCURRINGINTHEFISTPLACEBYPLACINGEMPHASISONPROPERPLANNINGANDPROBLEMPREVENTIONINALLPHASESOFTHEPRODUCTCYCLE3THEFINALWORDONHOWWELLAPRODUCTFULFILLSNEEDSANDEXPECTATIONSISGIVENBYTHECUSTOMERSANDUSERSOFTHATPRODUCTANDISINFLUENCEDBYTHEOFFERINGOFCOMPETITORSTHATMAYALSOBEAVAILABLETOTHOSECUSTOMERSANDUSERSITISIMPORTANTTORECOGNIZETHATFINALWORDISFORMEDOVERTHEENTIRELIFEOFTHEPRODUCT,NOTJUSTWHENITWASPURCHASEDBEINGAWAREOFCUSTOMERS’NEEDSANDEXPECTATIONSISVERYIMPORTANT,ASWASPREVIOUSLYDISCUSSEDINADDITION,FOCUSINGTHEATTENTIONOFALLEMPLOYEESINANENTERPRISEONTHECUSTOMERSANDUSERSANDTHEIRNEEDSWILLRESULTINAMOREEFFECTIVEQUALITYSYSTEMFOREXAMPLE,GROUPDISCUSSIONSONPRODUCTDESIGNSANDSPECIFICATIONSSHOULDINCLUDESPECIFICDISCUSSIONOFTHENEEDSTOBESATISFIEDABASICCOMMITMENTMANAGEMENTSHOULDBETHATQUALITYIMPROVEMENTMUSTBERELENTLESSLYPURSUEDACTIONSSHOULDBEINGRAINEDINTHEDAYTODAYWORKINGOFTHECOMPANYTHATRECOGNIZETHATQUALITYISAMOVINGTARGETINTODAY’SMARKETPLACEDRIVENBYCONSTANTLYRISINGCUSTOMEREXPECTATIONSTRADITIONALEFFORTSTHATSETAQUALITYLEVELPERCEIVEDTOBERIGHTFORAPRODUCTANDDIRECTALLEFFORTSTOONLYMAINTAINTHATLEVELWILLNOTBESUCCESSFULINTHELONGHAULRATHER,MANAGEMENTMUSTORIENTTHEORGANIZATIONSOTHATONCETHESOCALLEDRIGHTQUALITYLEVELFORAPRODUCTHASBEENATTAINED;IMPROVEMENTEFFORTSCONTINUETOACHIEVEPROGRESSIVELYHIGHERQUALITYLEVELSTOACHIEVETHEMOSTEFFECTIVEIMPROVEMENTEFFORTS,MANAGEMENTSHOULDUNDERSTANDTHATQUALITYANDCOSTARECOMPLEMENTARYANDNOTCONFLICTINGOBJECTIVESTRADITIONALLY,RECOMMENDATIONSWEREMADETOMANAGEMENTTHATACHOICEHADTOBEMADEBETWEENQUALITYANDCOSTTHESOCALLEDTRADEOFFDECISIONBECAUSEBETTERQUALITYINEVITABLYWOULDSOMEHOWCOSTMOREANDMAKEPRODUCTIONDIFFICULTEXPERIENCETHROUGHOUTTHEWORLDHASSHOWNTHATTHISISNOTTRUEGOODQUALITYFUNDAMENTALLYLEADSTOGOODRESOURCEUTILIZATIONANDCONSEQUENTLYMEANSGOODPRODUCTIVITYANDLOWQUALITYCOSTSALSOSIGNIFICANTISTHEHIGHERSALESANDMARKETPENETRATIONRESULTFROMPRODUCTSTHATAREPERCEIVEDBYCUSTOMERSTOHAVEHIGHQUALITYANDPERFORMANCERELIABILITYDURINGUSEFOURBASICCATEGORIESOFQUALITYCOSTSAREDESCRIBEDINTHEFOLLOWING(1)PREVENTIONCOSTSINCURREDINPLANNING,IMPLEMENTING,ANDMAINTAININGAQUALITYSYSTEMTHATWILLENSURECONFORMANCETOQUALITYREQUIREMENTATECONOMICALLEVELSANEXAMPLEOFPREVENTIONCOSTISTRAININGINTHEUSEOFSTATISTICALPROCESSCONTROL(2)APPRAISALCOSTSINCURREDINDETERMININGTHEDEGREEOFCONFORMANCETOQUALITYREQUIREMENTSANEXAMPLEOFAPPRAISALCOSTISINSPECTION4(3)INTERNALFAILURECOSTSARISINGWHENPRODUCTS,COMPONENTS,ANDMATERIALSFAILTOMEETQUALITYREQUIREMENTSPRIORTOTRANSFEROFOWNERSHIPTOTHECUSTOMERANEXAMPLEOFINTERNALFAILURECOSTISSCRAP(4)EXTERNALFAILURECOSTSINCURREDWHENPRODUCTSFAILTOMEETQUALITYREQUIREMENTSAFTERTRANSFEROFOWNERSHIPTOTHECUSTOMERANEXAMPLEOFEXTERNALFAILURECOSTISWARRANTYCLAIMSAPROBLEMSOLVINGAPPROACHSHOULDBEFOLLOWEDINSEEKINGQUALITYIMPROVEMENTTHERESULTSOFANYIMPROVEMENTEFFORTWILLNOTBEPERMANENTUNLESSTHEROOTCAUSESOFTHEPROBLEMSHAVEBEENFOUNDSOAPPROPRIATEIRREVERSIBLECORRECTIVEACTIONCANBEIMPLEMENTEDTHEROOTCAUSECANBEDEFINEDASTHEREALCAUSEOFAPROBLEMTHISISOFTENQUITEDIFFERENTFROMTHEAPPARENTCAUSE,WHICHAPPEARSAFTERASUPERFICIALINVESTIGATIONAFREQUENTLYASKEDQUESTIONISHOWTOKNOWNWHENTHEROOTCAUSEISFOUNDANDWHENTHEINVESTIGATORISNOTSTILLBEINGDECEIVEDBYTHEAPPARENTCAUSEAMEANINGANSWERISTHATIFTHEROOTCAUSEHASBEENFOUND,THEPROBLEMISABLETOBETURNEDONANDOFFBYADDINGORREMOVINGTHECAUSEONCETHEROOTCAUSEHASBEENFOUND,ANIRREVERSIBLECORRECTIVEACTIONMUSTBEIMPLEMENTEDSOTHEREISNOFORESEEABLESITUATIONBYWHICHTHEROOTCAUSECANRETURNANDSOPERMANENTIMPROVEMENTRESULTSALTHOUGHTHELEVELOFQUALITYCONTROLISDETERMINEDINLARGEPARTBYPROBABILITYTHEORYANDSTATISTICALCALCULATIONS,ITISVERYIMPORTANTTHATTHEDATACOLLECTIONPROCESSESONWHICHTHESEPROCEDURESDEPENDBEAPPROPRIATEANDACCURATETHEBESTSTATISTICALPROCEDUREISWORTHLESSIFFEDFAULTYDATA,ANDLIKEMACHININGPROCESSES,INSPECTIONDATACOLLECTIONISITSELFAPROCESSWITHPRACTICALLIMITSOFACCURACY,PRECISION,RESOLUTION,ANDREPEATABILITYALLINSPECTIONAND/ORMEASUREMENTPROCESSESCANBEDEFINEDINTERMSOFTHEIRACCURACYANDREPEATABILITY,JUSTASAMANUFACTURINGPROCESSISEVALUATEDFORACCURACYANDREPEATABILITYCONTROLLEDEXPERIMENTSCANBEPERFORMED,ANDSTATISTICALMEASURESOFTHERESULTSCANBEMADETODETERMINETHEPERFORMANCEOFAMETHODOFINSPECTIONRELATIVETOTHEPARTSTOBEINSPECTEDSUITABILITYOFONEORANOTHERMETHODCANBEJUDGEDONTHEBASISOFSTANDARDDEVIATIONSANDCONFIDENCELEVELSTHATAPPLYTOEACHAPPROACHASUSEDINAGIVENINSPECTIONSITUATION质量与检测
编号:201311171449406707    类型:共享资源    大小:46.50KB    格式:DOC    上传时间:2013-11-17
  
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