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附录附录1NCTECHNOLOGYANDEQUIPMENT,TRENDSANDCOUNTERMEASURESALEXANDERLUDWIGABSTRACTTHISPAPERDESCRIBESTHECURRENTWORLDNCTECHNOLOGYANDEQUIPMENTANDTHEDEVELOPMENTTRENDOFCHINASCNCEQUIPMENTANDTECHNOLOGYDEVELOPMENTANDINDUSTRIALIZATIONOFTHESTATUSQUO,BASEDONTHISDISCUSSIONINCHINASWTOACCESSIONANDOPENINGUPFURTHERDEEPENUNDERTHENEWCIRCUMSTANCES,THEDEVELOPMENTOFCHINANCTECHNOLOGYANDEQUIPMENT,ANDENHANCETHECOUNTRYSINFORMATIONINDUSTRYANDTHELEVELOFINTERNATIONALCOMPETITIVENESSOFTHEIMPORTANCEOFSTRATEGYANDTACTICSFROMTHETWODIMENSIONSOFTHEDEVELOPMENTOFCHINASTECHNOLOGYANDEQUIPMENTNCVIEWPOINTSINDUSTRIALEQUIPMENTOFTHETECHNOLOGICALLEVELANDDEGREEOFMODERNIZATIONOFTHENATIONALECONOMYASAWHOLEISDETERMINEDBYTHELEVELANDDEGREEOFMODERNIZATION,NCTECHNOLOGYANDEQUIPMENTISTHEDEVELOPMENTOFNEWHIGHTECHINDUSTRIESANDCUTTINGEDGEINDUSTRIESSUCHASINFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYANDRELATEDINDUSTRIES,BIOTECHNOLOGYANDRELATEDINDUSTRIES,AVIATION,AEROSPACEANDOTHERDEFENSEINDUSTRIALENABLINGTECHNOLOGYANDTHEMOSTBASICEQUIPMENTMARXONCESAIDTHATTHEDIFFERENCEBETWEENVARIOUSECONOMICTIMES,WHATISNOTPRODUCTION,ANDPRODUCTIONISHOW,WHATLABORPRODUCTIONMANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGYANDEQUIPMENT,ISTHEMOSTBASICOFHUMANACTIVITIESINTHEPRODUCTIONOFCAPITALGOODS,ANDNUMERICALCONTROLTECHNOLOGYISTODAYSADVANCEDMANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGYANDEQUIPMENT,THECORETECHNOLOGYTHEWORLDTODAYMANUFACTURINGCNCTECHNOLOGYWIDELYUSEDTOENHANCEMANUFACTURINGCAPABILITYANDTHELEVELOFINCREASEONTHEDYNAMICABILITYTOADAPTTOCHANGINGMARKETANDCOMPETITIVEABILITYINADDITIONTOTHEWORLDSINDUSTRIALIZEDCOUNTRIESWILLNCNCTECHNOLOGYANDEQUIPMENTASANATIONALSTRATEGICCOMMODITIES,NOTONLYTOTAKESIGNIFICANTMEASURESTODEVELOPITSOWNCNCTECHNOLOGYANDITSINDUSTRIES,BUTALSOINTHEHIGHTECHKEYTECHNOLOGYANDEQUIPMENTNCASPECTSOFTHEIMPLEMENTATIONOFCHINASPOLICYOFCLOSURESANDRESTRICTIONSINSHORT,VIGOROUSLYDEVELOPITSNCTECHNOLOGYASTHECOREOFADVANCEDMANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGYHASBECOMETHEWORLDSLEASTDEVELOPEDCOUNTRIESTOACCELERATEECONOMICDEVELOPMENTANDENHANCETHEOVERALLNATIONALSTRENGTHANDANIMPORTANTWAYTOSTATEHOODNCTECHNOLOGYISTHEUSEOFDIGITALINFORMATIONONTHEMECHANICALMOVEMENTANDTHEWORKPROCESSCONTROLTECHNOLOGY,NCNCTECHNOLOGYEQUIPMENTISTHEREPRESENTATIVEOFNEWTECHNOLOGIESONTRADITIONALMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRIESANDNEWMANUFACTURINGFORMATIONOFTHEINFILTRATIONOFELECTROMECHANICALINTEGRATIONPRODUCTS,THESOCALLEDDIGITALEQUIPMENT,ANDITSTECHNICALCOVERINGMANYAREAS1MACHINERYMANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGY2INFORMATIONPROCESSING,PROCESSING,TRANSMISSIONTECHNOLOGY,3AUTOMATICCONTROLTECHNOLOGY,4SERVODRIVETECHNOLOGY;5SENSORTECHNOLOGY;6SOFTWARETECHNOLOGY1NCTECHNOLOGYDEVELOPMENTTRENDSNCTECHNOLOGYAPPLICATIONSNOTONLYTOTHETRADITIONALMANUFACTURINGSECTORHASBROUGHTREVOLUTIONARYCHANGESINTHEMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRYASASYMBOLOFINDUSTRIALIZATION,ANDALONGWITHTHECONSTANTDEVELOPMENTOFNCTECHNOLOGYANDTHEEXPANSIONOFTHEAREAOFAPPLICATION,HECOMESTOSOMEIMPORTANTSECTORSIT,AUTOMOBILES,LIGHTINDUSTRY,HEALTHCARE,ETC,PLAYINGANINCREASINGLYIMPORTANTROLEINTHESEINDUSTRIESBECAUSEOFDIGITALEQUIPMENTNEEDEDISTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTHEMODERNTRENDJUDGINGFROMTHECURRENTNCTECHNOLOGYANDTHEWORLDVIEWOFTHETRENDOFTHEDEVELOPMENTOFEQUIPMENT,ANDITSMAINRESEARCHFOCUSINTHEFOLLOWINGAREAS1411HIGHSPEED,HIGHTECHNOLOGYANDEQUIPMENTFINISHINGTHENEWTRENDEFFICIENCY,ANDQUALITYISTHEMAINBODYOFADVANCEDMANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGYHIGHSPEED,HIGHFINISHINGTECHNOLOGIESCANGREATLYIMPROVETHEEFFICIENCY,IMPROVEPRODUCTQUALITYANDGRADES,SHORTENINGTHEPRODUCTIONCYCLEANDIMPROVEMARKETCOMPETITIVENESSFORTHISREASONJAPANWILLTIPITSTECHNOLOGYRESEARCHASFIVEOFTHEMODERNMANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGY,ANDINTERNATIONALPRODUCTIONENGINEERINGSOCIETYCIRPWILLBEIDENTIFIEDASTHECENTEROFTHE21STCENTURYONEOFTHERESEARCHDIRECTIONSINTHECARINDUSTRY,THEANNUALPRODUCTIONOF300,000IS40SECONDSBEATS/UNITS,ANDCARVARIETYPROCESSINGEQUIPMENTISTHEKEYPROBLEMSMUSTBESOLVEDONEOFTHEAVIATIONANDAEROSPACEINDUSTRY,PROCESSINGFORMORETHANTHINWALLEDPARTSANDTHETHINLINE,STIFFNESSPOORMATERIALFORALUMINUMORALUMINUMALLOY,ANDONLYINHIGHCUTTINGSPEEDCUTTINGFORCESMALLCIRCUMSTANCES,CANTHESETENDONS,WALLPROCESSINGRECENTLYALARGEOVERALLALUMINUMALLOYBILLETSHOLLOWINGOUTAPPROACHTOMANUFACTUREWINGS,FUSELAGEANDOTHERPARTSTOREPLACELARGENUMBEROFPARTSBYMANYRIVETS,SCREWSANDOTHERFOODSTUFFTOCONNECTTOTHECOMPONENTSTRENGTH,STIFFNESSANDRELIABILITYHASBEENUPGRADEDALLOFTHEPROCESSINGEQUIPMENTTOTHEHIGHSPEED,HIGHPRECISIONANDHIGHFLEXIBILITYREQUIREMENTSEMO2001SHOWFROMTHEPOINTOFVIEW,HIGHSPEEDMACHININGCENTERSTOSPEEDUPTO80M/MIN,OREVENHIGHER,AIRSPEEDOF100M/MINORSOATPRESENTMANYOFTHEWORLDSAUTOMOBILEPLANTS,INCLUDINGCHINASSHANGHAIGENERALMOTORSCORP,HAVEALREADYBEENUSEDINHIGHSPEEDMACHININGCENTEROFTHEPRODUCTIONLINEOFALTERNATIVECOMBINATIONSMACHINECINCINNATITHEUNITEDSTATESHYPERMACHLARGESTMACHINETOOLTOSPEEDUPTO60M/MIN,ANDRAPID100M/MIN,THEACCELERATIONOF2G,SPINDLESPEEDREACHED60000R/MINATHINWALLEDPROCESSINGAIRCRAFTPARTS,ONLY30MIN,ANDTHESAMEHIGHSPEEDMILLINGMACHINEPARTSINTHEGENERALPROCESSINGTAKES3H,INTHEGENERALMILLINGMACHINEPROCESSINGTO8H;GERMANYDMGSDUALSPINDLELATHESPINDLESPEEDANDACCELERATIONRESPECTIVELY12000R/MMAND1GINTHEPROCESSINGACCURACY,THEPAST10YEARS,THEGENERALLEVELOFMACHININGPRECISIONCNCMACHINEHASBEENRAISEDTO10ΜM5ΜM,PRECISIONMACHININGCENTERFROM3TO5ΜM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