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毕业设计论文外文资料翻译系别机械设计制造及其自动化专业机电信息系班级姓名学号外文出处www.esnnt.com/portal.php附件1.原文2.译文2013年05月1HighvoltagelinerobotAbstactFirst,Iexplainthebackgroundrobots,robottechnologydevelopment.Itshouldbesaiditisacommonscientificandtechnologicaldevelopmentofacomprehensiveresults,forthesocioeconomicdevelopmentofasignificantimpactonascienceandtechnology.ItattributedthedevelopmentofallcountriesintheSecondWorldWartostrengthentheeconomicinputonstrengtheningthecountryseconomicdevelopment.Buttheyalsodemandthedevelopmentoftheproductiveforcestheinevitableresultofhumandevelopmentitselfistheinevitableresultthenwiththedevelopmentofhumanity,peopleconstantlydiscussthenaturalprocess,inunderstandingandreconstructingthenaturalprocess,peopleneedtobeabletoliberateaslave.Sothisistheslavepeopletobeabletoreplacethecomplexandengagedinheavymanuallabor,Peopledonotrealizerightuptotheworldsunderstandingandtransformationofthistechnologyaswellaspeopleinthedevelopmentprocessofanobjectiveneed.Robotsarethreestagesofdevelopment,inotherwords,weareaccustomedtoregardingrobotsaredividedintothreecategories.isafirstgenerationrobots,alsoknownasteachtyperobot,itisthroughacomputer,tocontroloveroneofamechanicaldegreesoffreedomThroughteachingandinformationstoredprocedures,workinghourstoreadoutinformation,andthenissuedadirectivesotherobotcanrepeataccordingtothepeopleatthattimesaidtheresultsshowthiskindofmovementagain,Forexample,thecarspotweldingrobots,onlytoputthisspotweldingprocess,afterteaching,anditisalwaysarepeatofaworkIthastheexternalenvironmentisnoperceptionthattheforcemanipulationofthesizeoftheworkpiecetheredoesnotexist,welding0SItdoesnotknow,thenthisfactfromthefirstgenerationrobot,itwillexistthisshortcoming,itinthe20thcentury,thelate1970s,peoplestartedtostudythesecondgenerationrobot,calledRobotwiththefeelingthatThisfeelingwiththerobotissimilarinfunctionofacertainfeeling,forinstance,forceandtouch,slipping,visual,hearingandwhoisanalogoustothatwithallkindsoffeelings,sayinarobotgraspingobjects,Infact,itcanbethesizeoffeelingout,itcanthroughvisual,tobeabletofeelandidentifyitsshape,size,color2Graspinganegg,itadoptedaacumen,awareofitspowerandthesizeoftheslide.Thirdgenerationrobots,wewerearoboticsidealpursuedbythemostadvancedstage,calledintelligentrobots,Solongastellitwhattodo,nothowtotellittodo,itwillbeabletocompletethecampaign,thinkingandperceptionofthismanmachinecommunicationfunctionandfunctionWell,thiscurrentdevelopmentorrelativeisinasmartpartoftheconceptandmeaningButtherealsignificanceoftheintegrityofthisintelligentrobotdidnotactuallyexist,butaswecontinuedthedevelopmentofscienceandtechnology,theconceptofintelligentincreasinglyrich,itgrowseverwiderconnotations.NowIhaveabriefaccountofChinasrobotdevelopmentofthebasicprofiles.Asourcountrytherearemanyotherfactorsthatproblem.Ourcountryinroboticsresearchofthe20thcenturythelate1970s.Atthattime,weorganizedatthenational,aJapaneseindustrialautomationproductsexhibition.Inthismeeting,therearetwoproducts,isaCNCmachinetools,anindustrialrobot,thistime,ourcountrysmanyscholarsseesuchadirection,hasbeguntomakearobotresearchButthistime,arebasicallyconfinedtothetheoryofphase.Thentherealrobotresearch,in7500August5,1995,15nearly20yearsofdevelopment,Themostrapiddevelopment,in1986weestablishedanationalplanof863hightechnologydevelopmentplan,AsrobottechnologywillbeanimportantthemeofthedevelopmentofThestatehasinvestednearlyJiganyifundsbeguntomakearobot,Wemadetherobotinthefieldquicklyandrapiddevelopment.Atpresent,unitsliketheCASShenYngInstituteofAutomation,theoriginalmachinery,automationoftheMinistry,asofHarbinIndustrialUniversity,BeijingUniversityofAeronauticsandAstronautics,QinghuaUniversity,ChineseAcademyofSciences,alsoincludesautomationofsomeunits,andsoonhavedoneaveryimportantstudy,alsomadealotofachievementsMeanwhile,inrecentyears,weendupincollege,alotofflatsinrobotresearch,Manygraduatestudentsanddoctoralcandidatesareengagedinroboticsresearch,wearemorerepresentativenationalstudyIndustrialrobots,underwaterrobots,spacerobots,robotsinthenuclearindustryareontheinternationallevelshouldbetakingthelead.OnthewholeofourcountryComparedwithdevelopedcountries,thereisstillabiggap,primarilymanifestedin3theWeintherobotindustry,atpresentthereisnofixedmaturityproduct,butintheseunderwater,space,thenuclearindustry,anumberofspecialrobots,wehavemadealotofachievementscharacteristics.Now,Iwouldliketobrieflyoutlinesomeoftheindustrialrobotsituation.Sofar,theindustrialrobotisthemostmatureandwidelyusedcategoryofarobot,nowtheworldstotalsalesof1.1millionTaiwan,whichisthe1999statistics,however,1.1millioninTaiwanhavebeenusingtheequipmentis75million,thisvolumeisnotsmall.Overall,theJapaneseindustrialrobotsinthisone,isthefirstoftherobotstobecometheKingdom,theUnitedStateshavedevelopedrapidly.NewlyinstalledinseveralareasofTaiwan,whichalreadyexceedsJapan,Chinahasonlyjustbeguntoenterthestageofindustrialization,hasdevelopedavarietyofindustrialrobotprototypeandsmallbatchhasbeenusedinproduction.Spotweldingrobotistheautoproductionline,improveproductionefficiencyandraisethequalityofweldingcar,reducethelaborintensityofarobot.Itischaracterizedbytwopairsofrobotsforspotweldingofsteelplate,bearingagreatneedfortheweldingtongs,generalindozensofkilogramsormore,thenitsspeedinmetersperseconda52meterofsuchhighspeedmovement.Soitisgenerallyfivetosixdegreesoffreedom,load30to120kilograms,thegreatspace,probablyexpectedthattheworkofasphericalspace,ahighvelocity,theconceptoffreedom,thatistosay,Movementisrelativelyindependentofthenumberofcomponents,theequivalentofourbody,waistisarotarydegreeoffreedomWehavetobeabletoholdhisarm,Armcanbebent,thenthisthreedegreesoffreedom,Meanwhilethereisawristpostureadjustmenttotheuseofthethreeautonomy,thegeneralrobothassixdegreesoffreedom.Wewillbeabletospacethethreelocations,threepostures,therobotfullyachieved,andofcoursewehavelessthansixdegreesoffreedom.Havemorethansixdegreesoffreedomrobot,indifferentoccasionstheneedtoconfigure.Thesecondcategoryofservicerobots,withthedevelopmentofindustrialization,especiallyinthepastdecade,Robotdevelopmentintheareasofapplicationarecontinuouslyexpanding,andnowaveryimportantcharacteristic,asweallknow,Robothasgraduallyshiftedfrommanufacturingtononmanufacturingandserviceindustries,wearetalkingaboutthecarmanufacturerbelongingtothemanufacturing
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