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1、 大雁塔英文介绍 As the symbol of the old-line Xian, Big Wild Goose Pagoda is a well-preserved ancient building and a holy place for Buddhists. It is located in the southern suburb of Xian City, about 4 kilometers (2.49 miles) from the downtown of the city. Standing in the Da Cien Temple complex, it attract

2、s numerous visitors for its fame in the Buddhist religion, its simple but appealing style of construction, and its new square in front of the temple. It is rated as a National Key Cultural Relic Preserve as well as an AAAA Tourist Attraction.This attraction can be divided into three parts: the Big W

3、ild Goose Pagoda, the Da Cien Temple, and the North Square of Big Wild Goose Pagoda.Big Wild Goose PagodaOriginally built in 652 during the reign of Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), it functioned to collect Buddhist materials that were taken from India by the hierarch Xuanzang.Xuanzang

4、 started off from Changan (the ancient Xian), along the Silk Road and through deserts, finally arriving in India, the cradle of Buddhism. Enduring 17 years and traversing 100 countries, he obtained Buddha figures, 657 kinds of sutras, and several Buddha relics. Having gotten the permission of Empero

5、r Gaozong (628-683), Xuanzang, as the first abbot of Da Cien Temple, supervised the building of a pagoda inside it. With the support of royalty, he asked 50 hierarchs into the temple to translate Sanskrit in sutras into Chinese, totaling 1,335 volumes, which heralded a new era in the history of tran

6、slation. Based on the journey to India, he also wrote a book entitled Pilgrimage to the West in the Tang Dynasty, to which scholars attached great importance.First built to a height of 60 meters (197 feet) with five stories, it is now 64.5 meters (211.6 feet) high with an additional two stories. It

7、was said that after that addition came the saying-Saving a life exceeds building a seven-storied pagoda. Externally it looks like a square cone, simple but grand and it is a masterpiece of Buddhist construction. Built of brick, its structure is very firm. Inside the pagoda, stairs twist up so that v

8、isitors can climb and overlook the panorama of Xian City from the arch-shaped doors on four sides of each storey. On the walls are engraved fine statues of Buddha by the renowned artist Yan Liben of the Tang Dynasty. Steles by noted calligraphers also grace the pagoda.As for the reason why it is cal

9、led Big Wild Goose Pagoda, there is a legend. According to ancient stories of Buddhists, there were two branches, for one of which eating meat was not a taboo. One day, they couldnt find meat to buy. Upon seeing a group of big wild geese flying by, a monk said to himself: Today we have no meat. I ho

10、pe the merciful Bodhisattva will give us some. At that very moment, the leading wild goose broke its wings and fell to the ground. All the monks were startled and believed that Bodhisattva showed his spirit to order them to be more pious. They established a pagoda where the wild goose fell and stopp

11、ed eating meat. Hence it got the name Big Wild Goose Pagoda.Da Cien TempleDa Cien Temple is the home of Big Wild Goose Pagoda. In 648, to commemorate the dead virtuous queen, royalty ordered the building of a temple named Cien (Mercy and Kindness), for which the status and scale far exceeded all oth

12、ers. Today, with an area of 32,314 square meters (38,648.5 square yards), one seventh of the original area, it still retains its grandeur.Before the temple, there stands a statue of hierarch Xuanzang, the meritorious hierarch. Walking on and across a small bridge, visitors will see the gates of the

13、temple. With guarding lions, the temple seems stately for lions were said to function as talismans.Entering the temple you will see two buildings-Bell Tower in the east and Drum Tower in the west. Inside the Bell Tower hangs an iron bell 15 tons (14.76 gross tons) in weight. It was molded in 1548 in

14、 the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Along the central axis are arranged the Hall of Mahavira, Sermon Hall, Big Wild Goose Pagoda, and the Hall of Xuanzang Sanzang. In the Hall of Mahavira are three carved statues of Sakyamuni, and 18 arhats as well as Xuanzang. The Sermon Hall is where Buddhist disciples

15、 would listen to a sermon. A bronze statue of Amitabha is dedicated and a Buddha statue is collected by Xuanzang as oblation. The Hall of Xuanzang Sanzang is north of Big Wild Goose Pagoda. In this hall are Xuanzangs relic and a bronze statue of a seated Xuanzang. The inner wall is chiseled with mur

16、als depicting this hierarchs story. Renowned as the contemporary Dunhuang Buddhist storehouse praised by UNESCO, it is the biggest memorial of Xuanzang.North Square of Big Wild Goose PagodaSurrounding Big Wild Goose Pagoda, the scenery is also quite charming, especially the square north of the Da Ci

17、en Temple. Covering about 110,000 square meters ( square yards) plus 20,000 square meters (23920.6 square yards) of water area, it holds many records: in Asia, it is the biggest Tang-culture square, the biggest fountain and waterscape square, and the largest-scale sculptures area. In the world, it h

18、as the most benches, the longest light-belt, and the largest-scale acoustic complex.The entire square is composed of waterscape fountains, a cultural square, gardens and tourist paths. There you can taste real Chinese culture and traditions and fully enjoy the truly attractive views. With reliefs on

19、 the theme of the prosperous Tang Dynasty, 200-meter-long (656-foot-long) sculpture groups, 8 groups of sculpted figures, 40 relievos on the land, and 22 styles of musical fountains, it has become a must-see when you visit Big Wild Goose Pagoda.2西安旅游景点介绍 -中英文陕西是华夏文明最重要、最集中的发源地之一,早在100万年前就有蓝田人在此生息劳作,




23、东于钟楼隔广场相望,鼓楼建于明洪武十三年,清代曾两次重修。楼上原有巨鼓一面,傍晚击鼓报时,故名鼓楼。Shaanxi is one of civilized important , all together China headstream, as far back as havingLantian Man to grow work here right away in the front for years, starting from the 11thcentury B.C., successively have 13 in history dynasty found a capital h

24、ere. Shaanxi Province fieldof being that our country cultural relics and historic sites gathers together , name of having thenatural history museum : Acient Chang An county City historical remains, are known as eighthShaanxi not only cultural relics and historic sites is a lot of , but also natural

25、scene isbeautiful: Have precipitous West Hua Mountain and Lin Tong Mt. black horse intelligent and elegant;Huanghe River kettle mouth waterfall having rapids to surge; Still have the organisms habitstourist area giving first place to protecting a giant panda waiting for a rare animal. Not onlynorthe

26、rn Shaanxi highland be Chinese revolution base area , but also be Shaanxi folk custom localmanners and feelings headstream: Shaanxi opera loud and sonorous , vehement gong and drum ,consummate paper-cut and extremely rich life breath peasant painting etc. , the sight havingattracted more and more ma

27、ny attentions all with its culture thick and heavy bottom rhyme anddistinctive loess amorous feeling.largest in the world miracle Qin Shi Huangs Buried Sculpture Legion , grand grand sight 72emperors mausoleum big or small, . Distant vast China civilization makes everyone first thepeople who arrives

28、 at Shaanxi not excavate heart profundity meditating on the past conscientiouslyswinging thought.西安小吃名称中英文 常用地名 钟楼 Bell tower 大雁塔 Big wild goose pagoda 兵马俑 Emperor Qins terra-cotta warriors and horses 回民街 HUI minority street 经典小吃 羊肉泡馍 cruded pancake in mutton soup 凉皮 cold rice noodles 汤圆 sweet dumpl

29、ing 肉夹馍 chinese hamburger 中式早點 烧饼Clay oven rolls 油条Fried bread stick 韭菜盒Fried leek dumplings 水饺Boiled dumplings 蒸饺Steamed dumplings 馒头Steamed buns 割包Steamed sandwich 饭团Rice and vegetable roll 蛋饼Egg cakes 皮蛋100-year egg 咸鸭蛋Salted duck egg 豆浆Soybean milk 饭 类 稀饭Rice porridge 白饭Plain white rice 油饭Glutin

30、ous oil rice 糯米饭Glutinous rice 卤肉饭Braised pork rice 蛋炒饭Fried rice with egg 地瓜粥Sweet potato congee 面 类 馄饨面Wonton & noodles 刀削面Sliced noodles 麻辣面Spicy hot noodles 麻酱面Sesame paste noodles 鴨肉面Duck with noodles 鱔魚面Eel noodles 乌龙面Seafood noodles 榨菜肉丝面Pork , pickled mustard green noodles 牡蛎细面Oyster thin no


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