2023年全国高校体育单招考试英语试卷试题及答案详解1_第1页
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全国普通高等学校运动训练、武术与民族传统体育专业单独统一招生考试模拟卷(一)本试卷分为第一、第二两卷。第一卷三大题,满分120分;第二卷两大题,满分30分,共150分。第一卷(三大题,共120分)I.单项选择(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。1.Alwaysrememberputsuchdangerousthingsoutofchildren's.A.touch B.sight C.reach D.distance2.Takeyourtime-it'sjustshortdistancefromheretorestaurant.A.不填;the B.a;the C.the;a D.不填;a3.Theemploymentratehascontinuedtoriseinbigcitiesthankstotheeffortsofthelocalgovernmentstoincrease.A.then B.those C.it D.that4.—Wouldyouliketeaorcoffee?—thankyou.I'vejusthadsomewater.A.Either B.Both C.Any D.Neither5.Thisshopwillbeclosedforrepairsfurthernotice.A.with B.until C.for D.at6.IabankaccountafterImade1000bydoingapart-timejobduringthesummervacation.A.borrowed B.opened C.entered D.ordered7.Sheanoldfriendofhersyesterdaywhileshewasshoppingatthedepartmentstore.A.turneddown B.dealtwith C.tookafter D.cameacross8.—BobhasgonetoCalifornia.—Oh,canyoutellmewhenhe?A.hasleft B.left C.isleaving D.wouldleave9.BythetimeJackreturnedhomefromEngland,hissonfromcollege.A.graduated B.hasgraduatedC.willgraduate D.hadgraduated10.—Wherearethechildren?Thedinnersgoingtobecompletelyruined.—Iwishtheyalwayslate.A.weren't B.hadn'tbeen C.wouldn'tbe D.wouldn'thavebeen11.Passengersarepermittedonlyonepieceofhandluggageontotheplane.A.tocarry B.carrying C.tobecarried D.beingcarried12.Thevillagershavealreadyknownwewilldoistorebuildthebridge.A.this B.that C.what D.which13.Theschoolshop,customersaremainlystudents,isclosedfewtheholidays.A.which B.whose C.when D.where14.regularexerciseisveryimportant,it'sneveragoodideatoexercisetooclosetobedtime.A.It B.As C.Although D.Unless15.Alltheapplesfelldownwereeatenbythepigs.A.that B.those C.which D.what16.shewasinvitedtotheballmadeherveryhappy.A.What B.That C.When D.Because17.ThefirsttextbookforteachingEnglishasaforeignlanguagecameoutinthe16thcentury.A.written B.tobewritten C.beingwritten D.havingwritten18.Itwasveryhotyesterday,butitistoday.A.evenhotter B.morehotterC.muchmorehot D.muchhot19.Welikehimnotonlybecauseheteachesus_butalsohetreatsus.A.good;friendly B.good;kindlyC.well;friendly D.well;kindly20.—Sorry,Liz.IthinkIwasabitrudetoyou.—butdon'tdothatagain!A.Goahead B.Forgetit C.Itdepends D.WithpleasureII.完形填空(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从21至30各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。TakingaNapDuringtheDayMedicalexpertssaymostAmericansdonotgetenoughsleep.TheysaymoreAmericansneedtorestforashortperiodinthemiddleofthedayTheyareadvisingpeopletosleeplightly21continuingwithotheractivities.Onestudyearlierthisyearfoundthatpersonswho22forafewminutesduringthedaywerelesslikelydieofheartdisease.Thestudy23morethan2,300Greekadultsforaboutsixyears.Adultswohrestedforhalfanhouratleastthreetimesaweekhada37percent24riskofdyingfromheartdiseasethanthosewhodidnotnap.Thestudyorganizerssaidthestrongestevidencewasinworkingmen.Theysaidnapsmightimprove25bymitigating(减低)tensioncausedbywork.SomeEuropeanandLatinAmericanbusinesseshavesupportedthe26ofnappingformanyyears.Theyurgepeopleto27work,gohomeandhaveanapbeforereturning.IntheUnitedStates,somecompaniesletworkersrestbrieflyintheiroffices.Theybelievethisreduces28andaccidents,andalsoincreasestheamountofworkapersoncando.Sleepexpertssayitislikelythatpeoplemakemoremistakesatworkthanatothertimes.Theysaypeopleshouldnot29importantdutieswhentheyfeelsleepy.Andtheysaythebestthingtodoistotakeanap.Abouttwentyminutesofrestisallyouneed.Expertssaythisprovidesextraenergyandcanincreaseyoureffectivenessuntiltheendoftheday.Butexperts30thatanapshouldlastnomorethantwentytothirtyminutes.Alongernapwillputthebodyintodeepsleepandwakingupwillbedifficult.21.A.as B.when C.before D.after22.A.laugh B.sleep C.walk D.move23.A.knew B.learned C.studied D.followed24.A.less B.more C.lower D.higher25.A.life B.health C.thinking D.ability26.A.way B.idea C.suggestion D.experiment27.A.leave B.repeat C.change D.improve28.A.work B.time C.energy D.mistakes29.A.make B.bring C.carryout D.create30.A.say B.think C.guess D.warnIII.阅读理解(共15小题,每小题4分,满分60分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出一个最佳答案。AThemostinterestingthingtoseeinMalaysiaistheever-increasingnumberoffestivalsheldaroundthecountry.Madeupoftraditionalculturalcelebrations,religious(宗教的)holidaysandmodernsportingorculturalevents,Malaysia'sfestivalsmeanthere'salwaysapartytobefound.Moretraditionslevents,suchasWorldKiteFestiva,theMagicoftheNightandtheLanternFestival—tonamejustafew—allappearinmanycalendarsaroundthenation.Traditionalreligious,suchasChineeNewYearandChristmas,arealsopopularinMalaysiaandarecelebratedacrossdifferentculturesandbackgrounds.Thegreatesteventoftheyear'scalendarforanyfoodloverwillbetheMalaysiaGourmetFestival,heldthroughoutchosenhotelsinthecapitalcityofKualaLumpur.OneofthemostpopularofthesenewadditionistheMalaysiaYearEndSale,whichrunsfromNovemberthroughtoearlyJanuary.Allaroundthenationthere’recheapersales.Whenitcomestothecelebrations,Malaysiansaresomeofthemostgenerous(慷慨的)peopleintheworld.Duringmanyoftheyear’simportantevents,Malaysianswillopentheirhomestofriends,familiesandstrangers(includingtourists)inatraditionknownas“RumahTerbuka"or“OpenHouse".AttendinganOpenHouseisagreatopportunitytotheMalaysian,makefriendsdandenjoydeliciouslocalfood.ThegovernmentorlocalgroupswillalsosometimesofferanOpenHouseinalargerplace,suchasabighall.Everyoneiswelcometotakepartinsuchevents,whichhavehelpedcreateapositive(积极的)air.2015hasbeendecidedtobetheYearofFestivalsinMalaysia—sothere'sneverbeenabettertimetovisitMalaysiathannow.Justturnthepagetoseesomeoftheimportanteventstakingplaceoverthenext12months.AndformoreinformationontravelingtoMalaysia,pleasevisit.my.31.WhatkindoffestivalisWorldKiteFestivalinMalaysia?A.Atraditionalevent. B.Areligiousholiday.C.Asportingevent. D.Aculturalcelebration.32.Whichofthefollowingisthegreatesteventforfoodlovers?A.TheLanternFestival. B.TheMalaysiaYearEndSale.C.TheMagicoftheNight. D.TheMalaysiaGourmetFestival.33.Theunderlinedpart“OpenHouse”inthepassagemeans“”.A.leavingone'sroomdooropen B.keepingashopopendayandnightC.lettingvisitorsstayatone'shomeD.offeringvisitorsfreehotelrooms34.Whatisthewriter'spurposeinthepassage?A.ToencourageustovisitMalaysia.B.Toreportsomeinterestingfestivals.C.TosharehisownexperienceD.Tointroduceaforeigncountry.BWhenyoufirststepoutintothatbigworld,itcanbealittleworrying,butastimegoesbyandyougetintothenewenvironment,youveryquicklybegintoloveitbecauseeverytravelerlessonsaboutthemselves,abouttravel,andabouttheworldingeneral.Youmighthavethoughtyoudhavetroublewiththelanguageorthatyou’reterriblewithdirections,orthatyou’reshyaroundnewpeople,orthatyoucan'tdealwithsomeproblems,butonceyouthrowyourselftothedeependandhavetosurvive(生存)onyourownintheworld,you’llcometoknowyou’refarbetteratthesethingsthanyoueverrealize.EverytimeIgocampingorstayinpoorhoteloreveneatstreetfood,thefeelingisthesameonthatfirstday:sick.Ican'tgetclean.Therearepeoplemakingnoiseinmyroom.Thisfoodisgoingtomakemeill.Butafteraboutthreedaysofanything—anylevelofdiscomfort—youjustgetusedtoit.Andthenitbecomesfun.Couldn'tfindanywheretohavebreakfastthismorning?Noworries.Stayedupallnightdrinkingandnowyouhavetocatchabus?It’llallbefine.Seetheabove—it’lltakeaboutthreedaystogetusedtoit.Whatyoumayhaveoncethoughtwasveryunpleasant—showeringinadirtybath-room,dryingyourselfwithadirtyhoteltowel,wearingthesameT-shirtfourdays,neverwashingyoursocks—becomesroutine(惯例)onceyou'vebeentravelingforacoupleofmonths.Keepclean?It'safirst—worldproblem.First-timetravelersareusuallyworriedaboutsafety,butafterawhileyourealizethattheworldisn'touttogetyou,andifyoujusttakeafeweasyprecautions(警觉),theprobabilityishighthatyou’llnevergetstolenwhileyoutravel.Althoughyoustillmight,sodon'tcarryanythingyoucan'tbeartolose.Thefirstpriceisnevertherightprice.Thisholdstrueforanywherethatthepriceisn'tstampedontothethingorclearlyshowninsomeway.Whilearguingaboutthepricedoesn'tcomenaturallytosome.It'ssomethingyouhavetogetusedtoifyoudon’twanttoberippedoffoverandoveragain.Thingsgowrongwhenyoutravel—lotsofthings.Thetrainislate,themoneyex-changeplaceisclosed,thehotelhaslostyourbooking,andyoucanfeelapaininyourstomachthatmeanslastnight'sstreetfoodwasabadchoice.Butyouhavetobeabletodealwiththeseproblemswhenyoutravel,oryoullquicklygosilly.35.Whatmakestravelerslovetheirtravel,accordingtothepassage?A.Time'sgoingby. B.Lessonsthey'velearnt.C.Theexercisetheytake. D.Thenewenvironment.36.Thesecondparagraphmainlytellsusthat.A.travelingabroadcausesalotofproblemB.onemustbebravetotravelintheworldC.we’rebetterthanwerealizewhentravelingD.nothingcanstopusfromgoingabroad37.Whichofthefollowingistrue,accordingtothepassage?A.Wecangetusedtoadifferentlifestyleinashorttime.B.It'simportanttokeepcleanallthetimewhentraveling.C.First—timetravelersareusuallysafeallovertheworld.D.It'snotnecessarytobuythingsduringourtravelabroad.38.Fromthelastparagraph,wecaninferthatA.wecanonlydependonluckwhentravelingB.travelingisratherhardworkthanhappytimeC.travelingserviceisnotgoodallovertheworldD.wemustbereadytofaceproblemswhentravelingCWheredidthatnumbercomefrom?ElevenandTwelveThereasonbehindthechangeinnumbernamingisthatelevencomesfromtheGermantermainlif,whichtranslatesto"oneleft".Twelvefollowsthesamerule.Itcomesfromtwalif—"twoleft".Whyteenisusedinsteadofliffor13through19?Thereissomethingsadlylostinhistory.911forUSEmergency(急救)CallsEarlyphonesdidn'tusephonenumbers—theoperatorhadtoconnectyourcallbyhand—andthisledtotheneedforanemergencycode(信号).Butlaterphonenumbersbecamepopular,thatchanged.In1967,911waschosenasthenationwideemergencycallbecauseitwaseasytorememberandcouldbequicklydialed(拔)onthephone.26.2MilesinaMarathon(马拉松)ThestorybeganwithanancientGreeksoldiercarryingmessagefromabattlefield(战场)inMarathontoAthens.ThemodernmarathonwasbornasaflagshipeventinthefirstOlympicGames,in196,withadistance(ofabout25miles(40km),aslongasthedistancefromMarathontoAthens.Butraceorganizersforthe1908OlympicGamesinLondonwantedtoaddsomethingspecial.TheracebeganatWindsorCastleandendedatWhiteCityStadium,withrunnersfinishingonlyafterpassingtheroyal(皇室的)box.Thedistancewas26.2miles(42.1km).Andsince1924thisdistancehasbeenkeptinmarathon.28DaysinFebruaryBeforeusingtheGregoriancalendarthatweusetoday,oneofthefirstRomancal-endarshadonly304daysandtenmonths(MarchthroughDecember),withsixmonthsof30daysandfourof31days.ThesecondkingofRomeimprovedtheoldcalendar.Headded50daysforJanuaryandFebruary.Tomakethenewmonthslonger,hetookonedayfromeachofthe30-daymonths,making56daystodividebetweenJanuaryandFebruary(or28dayseach).LaterJanuarywasgivenonemoredaytoaddupto355daysayear,butFebruarystillhad28days.That'showitbecametheshortestmonthanditstayedthatwayeversince.39.Whichlanguagedoelevenandtwelvecomefrom?A.English. B.German. C.French. D.Russian.40.Whenwasthenumber911chosenforUSemergencycalls?A.In1896. B.In1908 C.In1924. D.1n1967.41.ThemarathondistancewasmadelongeratLondonOlympicGamesbecause.A.theBritishwasalittleweakinmathsB.theBritishdidn'tliketheGreekstoryC.theBritishlovedtheroyalfamilyverymuchD.theBritishwantedtomaketheracedifferent42.Howmanydayswerethereineachmonthafterthekingimprovedtheoldcalendar?A.28,29or31.B.28,30or31.C.28,29or30.D.29,30or31.D"Theworldhasneverbeenabetterplacetolivein"sayssciencewriterMattRid-ley,"anditwillkeepongettingbetter."ReadontoseehowRidleymakeshiscase.Rightorwrong?Youdecide.Comparedwith50yearsago,whenIwasjustfouryearsold,peoplenowmakenearlythreetimesasmuchmoney,eatonethirdmorefoodandexpecttoliveonethirdlonger.Infact,it'shardtofindanyareasoftheworldthat'sworseoffnowthanitwasthen,eventhoughtheworldpopulationhasmorethandoubledoverthatperiod.Onereasonwearericher,healthier,taller,cleverer,longer—livedandfreerthaneverbeforeisthatthefourmostbasichumanneeds—food,clothing,fuelandshelter—havegrownmuchcheaper.Takeoneexample:In1800,acandleprovidingonehour'slightcostsixhourswork.Inthe1880s,thesamelightfromalamptook15minutesworktopayfor.In1950,itwaseightseconds.Today,it'shalfasecond.Intheseterms,weare43,200timesbetteroffthanin1800.IntheUnitedStates,rivers,lakes,seasandairaregettingcleanerallthetime.Acartodayproduceslesspollutiontravelingatfullspeedthanaparkedcardidfromleaks(泄漏)in1970.Althoughtheworldpopulationisgrowing,therate(率)ofincreasehasbeenfall-ingfor50years.Acrosstheworld,nationalbirthratesarelowernowthanin1960,andinthelessdevelopedworld,thebirthratehasalmosthalved.AccordingtoaresearchreportfromtheUnitedNations,populationwillstartfallingonceitreaches9.2billionin2075.Afterall,therearealreadysevenbillionpeopleonearth,andtheyareeatingbetterandbetter.In1970s,therewere550billionbarrels(桶)ofoilreserves(储存)intheworld,andinthe20yearsthatfollowedtheworldusedup600billion.Soby1990,reservesshouldhavebeenoverusedby50billionbarrels.Instead,itisreportedthereare900billiontoday.Theywilllastformanyyearsandpeoplewillfindsomethinginplaceofoillongbeforetheyrunout.Themorewedevelop,themorewecandevelop.Themoreweinvent,themoreinventionsbecomepossible.For200years,pessimists(peoplewhobelievethatterriblethingswillhappeninfuture)havehadalltheheadlines—eventhoughoptimistshavefarmoreoftenbeenright.Therearesomereasonsforpessimists.Nocharity(慈善机构)everraisedmoneybysayingthingsaregettingbetter.Nojournalistevergotthefrontpagewritingastoryabouthowterriblethingswon'thappen.Don'tbeapessimist—daretobeanoptimist!43.Today,providingonehour'slightcosts.A.6hours'work B.15minutesworkC.8secondswork D.0.5second'swork44.Whichofthefollowingistrue,accordingtothepassage?A.Thingsweusedtoneedweremuchcheaperthantheyaretoday.B.Thepollutiontodayismuchmoreseriousthanitwaslongago.C.Populationproblemhasnearlymadetheworldstopdeveloping.D.It’snotnecessarytobeworriedaboutoilreservesintheworld.45.Whatdoestheword"optimists"inthelastparagraphmean?A.Peoplewhoarebraveenoughtofaceanythingterrible.B.Peoplewhocanalwaystellgoodthingsfrombadones.C.Peoplewhohavehopefulandhappyfeelingsaboutlife.D.Peoplewhodon'teasilybelievewhatthey’retoldabout.第二卷(两大题,共30分)IV.单词拼写(共10小题:

每小题2分,满分20分)根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。(每个空只写一

词)46.Awomaninjeansstoodatthewindowofanshop.(昂贵的)47.Hedecidedtotheassistantnextday.(惩罚)48.Itissaidthatthetreewasplantednearthefiftyyearsago.(教堂)49.Sofarhehashisofferseveraltimes..(拒绝)50.Everymorninghewantedtocomeintotheforwalking.(花园)51.Alloftheneighbourscomplainedofthe.(噪音)52.Sincethen,hehasdevelopedanotherbad.(习惯)53.Themomentyouleavethistent,youwillgetabig.(惊喜)54.“Wherehaveyoubeenhiding?”Sheasked.(不耐烦地)55.Ipromisedwemustbeatthetomeetyou.(车站)V.书面表达(满分10分)假如你是李华,六一儿童节即将到来,你们班准备去儿童福利院开展志愿服务活动,想邀请外教Mr.Green参加活动。请你给他写一封邮件,告诉他集合的时间地点,活动的内容,以及该做哪些准备。提示词语:Children'sHome,clean,&gift,volunteerwork,outdoorgame提示问题:●Whenandwherewillyoumeet'?●Whatareyougoingtodo??●WhatdoyouadviseMr.Greentoprepareforit?注意:1,词数100左右。2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。DearMr.Green,Yours,LiHua全国普通高等学校运动训练、民族传统体育专业单独统一招生考试模拟试题(一)英语试题参考答案和评分标谁单选:1一5.CBCDB 6-10.BDBDA11-15.ACBCA 16-20.BAADB完型:21一25.CBDCB 26-30.BADCD阅读:31-35.ADCAB 36-40.CADBD 41-45.DADDC单词拼写:46.expensive 47.punish48.church49.refused50.garden51.noise52.habit53.surprise54.impatiently55.station【解析】一、选择题1,选C。句意为:永远都要记得把那些具有危险性的东西放到孩子们够不到的地方。touch联系;sight视野;reach够到,此处与outof构成短语outofone'sreach,指“在某人够不到的地方”,符合句意;distance距离。2.选B。考察冠词。本题第一空用泛指一段很短的距离,第二空特指说话双方都知道的那个餐厅,故使用the。句意:不要着急,从这里到那个餐厅只有很短的一段距离。3.选C。句意:由于地方政府的努力,大城市的就业率持续上升。代词为本题主要考查点。由语境可知用it指代theemploymentrate。4,选D。考查不定代词的用法。句意:“你是想喝茶还是咖啡?”“谢谢你,都不想喝。我刚才已经喝了水了。”通过后面“Ivejusthadsomewater”可以判定是拒绝茶和咖啡。neither表示对两者的否定。5.选B。with和,跟;随着;关于;和…一致:for为了,由于;at(表示位置)在;在(某时间或时刻);until到…为止;在…以前。结合句意“直到另行通知为止”可知until符合句意,故选B项。6.选B。本题主要考查动词词义辨析。A项,borrow“借用”;B项,open“宣布启用,开立;开始(某事物):打开”;C项,enter“进人;开始;参加”;D项,order“命令;整理”。根据语境,此处表达“启用”之意,故正确答案为B。T.选D。句意:昨天她在商场购物时偶遇了她的一个老朋友。comeacross偶遇;turndown拒绝;dealwith处理;takeafter长得像。8.选B。句意:一Bob已经去了加拿大。一哦,那你能告诉我他什么时候走的吗?hasgoneto表明Bob已经去了加拿大,则“离开”的动作发生在过去,陈述的是过去的事实,用一般过去时即可,故正确答案为B。9.选D。句意:在杰克从英格兰回家之前,他儿子就已经从大学毕业了。本题考查时态。“Bythetime”意思是“在…之前”,在过去动作returned之前表示过去的过去,使用过去完成时。故正确答案为D。10.选A。句意:一孩子们在哪里?晚饭都快要毁了。一我希望他们不要总是都迟到。本题考查wish从句。wish从句表示与现在事实相反的情况用一般过去时,根据are时态可知此处描述现在情况,迟到也是现在发生的事实,所以wish从句用一般过去时。故正确答案为A。l1,选A。句意,乘客只允许携带一件手提行李登机。考查词组bepermittedtodosh:“被准许做某事”,故选A。12.选C。kow后边应该跟宾语从句,从句中缺少作do的宾语的连接代词,而that在宾语从句中不作任何句子成分;which引导宾语从句时,意思为“哪一个”;what引导宾语从句作do的宾语。故选C。13.选B。先行词shop在从句中作customers的定语。which不能在定语从句中作定语,when和where在从句中作状语。故选B项。14,选C。句意:虽然规律运动很重要,但是运动时间太接近睡觉时间不是个好主意。本题主要考查状语从句引导词辨析。f引导条件状语从句,意为“如果”;s引导时间状语从句,意为“当。·时”;although引导让步状语从句,意为“虽然”;unless引导条件状语从句,意为“除非”。前半句是“规律运动很重要”,后半句是“运动时间太接近睡觉时间不是个好主意”,应为“虽然…但是”的连接关系。故正确答案为C。15,选A。本题考查关系词。句中thatfelldown是apple的定语从句,引导词作从句主语,为限定性定语从句,当先行词受all修饰时,限定性定语从句中只能由that引导从句。此句中先行词apples前有all修饰,所以只能用that,故选A。句子译文:所有掉下来的苹果都被猪吃掉了。I6.选B。本题是名词性从句的考查。that引导shewasinvitedtotheball的从句作为整个句子的主语。17.选D。分析句子结构可知,句子的谓语动词为“cameout'”,主语为“Thefirstextbook”,空格处为“textbook”的后置定语,write与所修饰的词textbook是被动关系又由句中时间状语“inthel6thcentury”可知,在时间上已经完成,因此用过去分词作后置定语。现在分词的完成式不能作定语,故A项排除;不定式作定语表将来,故B项排除;beingdone表“正在被”,即进行时,枚C项排除。因此D项符合语境,l8.选A。even,much都可以修饰比较级。hot的比较级是hotter.。19.选D。本题考查的是副词的用法,good是形容词,意为“好的”,wll是副词,在句中修饰动词teach.friendly意为“友好地”,既是形容词也是副词,kindly意为“亲切地”,是副词,在句中修饰动词treat.。句中含有notonly…butalso.…意为“不仅…而且…”句意为“我们都喜欢他,不仅因为他很好地教我们,也因为他很亲切地对待我们,”20.选B。句意:一对不起,利兹。我觉得我对你有点粗鲁。一不必在意,但是不要再这样了。本题考查情景交际。A项Goahead意为“去吧”:B项Forgetit意为“不必在意”;C项Itdepends意为“看情况”;D项Withpleasure意为“很愿意效劳”;由上文可知这个人对待Liz有点粗鲁,结合Liz的回答“但是不要再这样了”,可推知Liz是宽解这个人不必在意,但希望类似的情况不要再发生。故正确答案为B。二、完形填空21,考查连词。A.as当…时候;B.when当…时候;C,before在…之前:D.after在…之后。句意:他们建议人们在继续其他活动之前稍微睡一会。根据TheysaymoreAmericansneedtorestforashortperiodinthemiddleoftheday,可知在一天的中间时间休息,因此是在继续其他活动之前。故用连词before。。故选C。22.考查动词。A.laugh笑;B.sleep睡觉:C,walk走路;D.move移动。句意:在今年较早的研究发现一天中睡几分钟的人死于心脏病的可能较小。根据Medicalex.pertssaymostAmericansdonotgetenoughsleep.可知此处指的是睡眠。故选B。23.考查动词。A.knew知道;B.learned学习;C.studied学习;D.followed跟踪。句意:这项研究跟踪了2300名希腊成年人大约6年。根据foraboutsixyears.。可知长达六年一直跟踪。故选D。24.考查形容词。A.less更少的:B.more更多的;C.lower更低的;D.higher更高的。句意:一周至少休息三次长达半小时的人比那些不午睡的人死于心脏疾病的几率低3?%。结合上下文,休息的比不休息的死于心脏病的几率要低。故选C。25,考查名词。A.life生活;B.health健康:C.thinking思考;D.ability能力。句意:他们说午睡通过减低工作紧张能改善人们的健康。根据bymitigating(减低)tensioncausedbywork可知减低紧张,能改善健康。故选B。26.考查名词。A.way方法;Bidea主意,想法;C.suggestion建议:D.experi-ment实验。句意:在欧洲和拉丁美洲一些行业很多年来支持午睡的想法。theideaofdoingsth..做某事的想法。故选B。27.考查动词。A.leave离开;B.repeat重复;C.change改变;D.improve改善。句意:他们要求人们离开工作,回家,睡了午觉再回来。根据gohome可知此处指的是回家了,离开了工作。故选A。28.考查名词。A.work工作;B.time时间:C.energy精力;D.mistakes错误句意:他们认为这会减少错误和事故。与accidents“事故”用连词and来连接,表示并列的,意思相近的故是mistakes“错误”。故选D。29.考查动词。A,make制作;B.bring带来;C.carryout执行;D.create创造。句意:他们说当人们感到困倦时不应该从事重要的职务,工作。carryoutduties从事工作,职务。故选C。30.考查动词。A.say说;B.think思考;C.guess猜:D.warn警告。此处引导宾语从句,表示专家的话,故用动词war。句意:专家警告午睡应该只持续20到30分钟,而不仅仅是指说。故选D。三、阅读理解A篇在马来西亚,最有趣的是全国各地举办的节日越来越多。马来西亚的节日由传统文化庆典、宗教节日和现代体育或文化活动组成,意味着总会有聚会。更传统的活动,如世界风筝节、魔术之夜和元宵节等,都出现在全国各地的历法中。传统的宗教庆祝活动,如中国新年和圣诞节,在马来西亚也很受欢迎,而且是在不同的文化和背景下庆祝的。对任何美食爱好者来说,一年中最盛大的活动将是马来西亚美食节,在首都吉隆坡选定的酒店举行。这些新传统中最受欢迎的是马来西亚的年终大甩卖,从11月一直持续到1月初。全国各地的销售价格都比较便宜。说到庆祝活动,马来西亚人是世界上最慷慨的人之一。在一年中的许多重要活动中,马来西亚人将按照“RumahTerbuka”或“开放之家”的传统向朋友、家人和陌生人(包括游客)开放家园。参加一个开放日是一个熟悉马来西亚的很好的机会,可以交朋友和享受美味的当地食物。政府或地方团体有时也会在一个更大的地方,比如一个大礼堂,举办一个开放日活动。欢迎每个人都参加这样的活动,这有助于营造一种积极的气氛。2015年被定为马来西亚的节日年,所以现在是去马来西亚旅游的最佳时机。只要翻开这一页,就可以看到未来12个月发生的一些重要事件。欲了解更多有关马来西亚旅游的信息,请访问.my。B篇当你第一次踏上这个大世界时,可能会有点担心,但随着时间的推移,你进入了新的环境,你很快就会爱上它,因为每个旅行者都会学到一些关于自己、旅行和整个世界的知识。你可能会认为你的语言会有问题,或者你方向感很差,或者你在陌生人面前很害羞,或者你不能处理一些问题,但是一旦你陷入困境,必须靠自己在这个世界上生存下来,你会发现你在这些事情上比你想象的要好得多。每次我去野营或住在一个贫穷的旅馆,甚至吃街头食物,第一天的感觉都一样:生病了。洗澡洗不干净。有人在我房间里吵

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