英语语言学导论智慧树知到课后章节答案2023年下云南师范大学_第1页
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英语语言学导论智慧树知到课后章节答案2023年下云南师范大学云南师范大学

第一章测试

WhichofthefollowingisNOTarecognizedfunctionoflanguageinlinguistics?().

A:PerformativefunctionB:InformativefunctionC:AssertivefunctionD:Evocativefunction

答案:Assertivefunction

“IcanrefertoConfuciuseventhoughhewasdead2000yearsago.”Thisshowsthatlanguagehasthedesignfeaturesof().

A:arbitrarinessB:productivityC:dualityD:displacement

答案:displacement

By(),wemeanlanguageisresourcefulbecauseofitsdualityandrecursiveness.

A:productivityB:culturaltransmissionC:displacementD:arbitrariness

答案:productivity

Linguisticsisthescientificstudyof()

A:humanlanguagesingeneralB:theEnglishlanguageC:aparticularlanguageD:thesystemofaparticularlanguage

答案:humanlanguagesingeneral

Thedescriptionofalanguageasitchangesthroughtimeisa()study.

A:DescriptiveB:diachronicC:up-to-dateD:comparative

答案:diachronic

第二章测试

Theworddigitalizationconsistsof_syllablesasagainst_morphemes.()

A:six/fourB:six/threeC:five/threeD:five/five

答案:six/three

Englishconsonantscanbeclassifiedintostops,fricatives,nasals,etc.,intermsof().

A:mannerofarticulationB:placeofarticulationC:voicingD:opennessofmouth

答案:mannerofarticulation

Inthefollowingsounds,()isacentralvowel.

A:[u:]B:[i:]C:[ɜ:]D:[ɔ:]

答案:[ɜ:]

Whichofthefollowingistrueofanallophone?()

A:Therearenorestrictionsonthedistributionofanallophone.B:Anallophonechangesthemeaningoftheword.C:AphonecanbetheallophoneofallEnglishvowelphonemes.D:Thereisnopossibilityofanallophonebecomingaphoneme.

答案:Thereisnopossibilityofanallophonebecomingaphoneme.

ClassificationofEnglishspeechsoundsintermsofmannerofarticulationinvolvesthefollowingEXCEP().

A:lateralB:affricatesC:fricativesD:bilabial

答案:bilabial

第三章测试

Thebasicunitinthestudyofmorphologyis().

A:therulesbywhichwordsareformedB:morphemeC:theinternalstructureD:Word

答案:morpheme

Anaffixcanbeaddedtocertaintypeof()toformanewword.

A:infixB:stemC:affixD:Word

答案:stem

Whichofthefollowingwordsisaderivationalone?()

A:Boys.B:Astonishment.C:Blackboard.D:Sings.

答案:Astonishment.

()areboundmorphemesbecausetheycannotbeusedasseparatewords.

A:StemsB:CompoundsC:RootsD:Affixes

答案:Affixes

“Burgle”resultingfrom“burglar”isanexampleof().

A:back-formationB:clippingC:BlendingD:compounding

答案:back-formation

第四章测试

WhichofthefollowingchoicesisNOTaconstituent?()

A:Ilikethesong.B:IC:songD:Like

答案:Ilikethesong.

ThesentencethathasanNPandaVPismostlyshownina()formula“S→NP+VP”.

A:treediagramB:VerticalC:hierarchicalD:linear

答案:linear

Whichofthefollowingphrasesisexocentric?()

A:anuglymanB:womenandmenC:acleverboyD:onthetable

答案:onthetable

Aspeaker’sactualutteranceinChomsky’sterminologyiscalled().

A:universalgrammarB:deepstructureC:surfacestructureD:linguisticsuniversals

答案:surfacestructure

InthephrasestructureruleS→NP+VP,thearrowcanbereadas().

A:generatesB:isequalstoC:consistsofD:has

答案:consistsof

第五章测试

Conceptualmeaningisnot_______().

A:logicB:denotativeC:cognitiveD:affective

答案:affective

SynonymsinEnglishcanbedividedintothreedifferentcategories().

A:dialectalsynonym,stylisticsynonym,relationalsynonymB:nounsynonym,verbsynonym,adjectivesynonymC:dialectalsynonym,complementarysynonym,collocationalsynonymD:dialectalsynonym,stylisticsynonym,collocationalsynonym

答案:dialectalsynonym,stylisticsynonym,collocationalsynonym

Whichofthefollowingisapairofrelationalopposites?().

A:alivevs.deadB:singlevs.marriedC:hotvs.coldD:husbandvs.wife

答案:husbandvs.wife

“Maple”,“willow”,“poplar”and“pine”are()oftree.

A:gradableoppositesB:relationalhyponymsC:co-hyponymsD:super-ordinates

答案:co-hyponyms

Whichofthefollowingcanbestdescribetherelationshipbetween“Theyhavesixcows”and“Theyhavesomeanimals”()?.

A:synonymB:presuppositionC:antonymD:entailment

答案:entailment

第六章测试

Thereare____maximsunderthecooperativeprinciples.()

A:5B:4C:2D:3

答案:4

Themaximof()requiresthataparticipants’contributionberelevanttotheconversation.

A:quantityB:qualityC:RelationD:manner

答案:Relation

Thesentence“Closeyourbookandlistentomecarefully!”performsa(n)___function.()

A:informativeB:DirectiveC:interrogativeD:performative

答案:Directive

Wecandothingswithwordsisthemainideaof______.()

A:PragmaticsB:thepolitetheoryC:thespeechacttheoryD:theco-operateprinciples

答案:thespeechacttheory

Pragmaticsdiffersfromsemanticsinthatthenotionof_____wastakenintoconsideration.()

A:ContentB:formC:contextD:meaning

答案:context

第七章测试

WhatisMaterialProcessintransitivity?()

A:processofexistingB:processofdoingC:ProcessofbehavingD:processofsensing

答案:processofdoing

WhichisthetypicalrealisationofProcessintransitivity?()

A:adverbialgroupB:verbalgroupC:nominalgroupD:prepositionalphrases

答案:verbalgroup

IntheclauseTedwouldn’thavemarriedher,()istheFinite.

A:wouldn’tB:haveC:herD:married

答案:wouldn’t

Whoisthefounderofsystemicfunctionallinguistics?()

A:DellB:J.R.FirthC:JohnGumperzD:M.A.K.Halliday

答案:M.A.K.Halliday

IntheclauseShewasshoppinginthetown,()canbecategorisedintoMood.

A:sheB:wasC:shoppingD:inthetown

答案:she;was

TheThemeoftheclausethislargesixthformcollegeisoneofonlytwoofferingboardingaccommodationisthislargesixthformcollege.()

A:错B:对

答案:对

第八章测试

“IboughtaShakespeare.”Inthissentence,whichkindofmetonymyisused?().

A:EFFECTforCAUSEB:PLACEforEVENTC:PARTforWHOLED:PRODUCERforPRODUCT

答案:PRODUCERforPRODUCT

“Hewasfilledwithanger.”Inthissentence,whichkindofSchemaisusedhere?().

A:PATH-GOALB:CONTAINERC:SOURCE-GOALD:PATH

答案:CONTAINER

Accordingtoprototypetheory,whichofthefollowingexpressionisnotright?().

A:Theboundaryofthecategoryisnotclearbutfuzzy.B:Notallmembersofacategoryhavethesamestatuswithinacategory.C:Categoriesareradial,organizedaroundtheprototypes.D:Categoriesaredefinedbyvirtueofsharedcriterialfeatures.

答案:Categoriesaredefinedbyvirtueofsharedcriterialfeatures.

Inthefollowingsentences,whichoneusesfigureofspeech?().

A:Weareinhighspirit.B:Heattackedeveryweakpointinmyargument.C:Ilosemytime.D:Marriageislikeacage.

答案:Marriageislikeacage.

WhichoneofthefollowingpersonsisnotbelongtoCL?().

A:RonaldLangackerB:NoamChomskyC:LeonardTalmyD:GeorgeLakoff

答案:NoamChomsky

第九章测试

ThefactthatEskimoshassevenwordsfordifferenttypesofsnowbutthereisnotasinglewordequivalenttosnowsupportstheideaof().

A:linguisticdetermismB:differentcognitivecapacitiesofdifferentpeopleC:differentlinguisticcapacitiesofdifferentpeopleD:linguisticrelativity

答案:linguisticrelativity

BritishEnglish,AmericanEnglish,AustralianEnglish,IndianEnglish,etc.areall().

A:geographicaldialectsB:socialdialectsC:thestandardvarietyD:register

答案:geographicaldialects

TheSapir-WhorfHypothesiscanbebrokendownintotwobasicprinciples:().

A:linguisticinflexibilityB:linguisticdeterminismC:linguisticparadoxD:linguisticrelativity

答案:linguisticdeterminism;linguisticrelativity

Apidginusuallyreflectstheinfluenceofthehigher,ordominantlanguageinitslexiconandthatofthelowerlanguageintheirphonologyandoccasionallysyntax.()

A:错B:对

答案:对

InbothEnglishandChinese,wecanfindthetracesofsexualdiscrimination.()

A:对B:错

答案:对

第十章测试

Whichisthegrammaticalfeatureofhecame,hesaw,heconquered?()

A:ParallelismB:AlliterationC:AssonanceD:Metaphor

答案:Parallelism

Thedimensionsofstylisticanalysisinclude().

A:thegrammaticalB:thephonologicalandthegraphologicalC:thesemanticD:thelexical

答案:thegrammatical;thephonologicalandthegraphological;thesemantic;thelexical

Inthefollowingwords,()is/arenotofonomatopoeia?

A:bambooB:tattooC:cuckooD:moo

答案:bamboo;tattoo

Fromtheperspectiveofstylistics,childrenandkidsaredifferent.()

A:对B:错

答案:对

ESTistheabbreviationofEnglishofSearchingandTesting.

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