2024届安徽阜阳市英语八下期末质量检测试题含答案_第1页
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2024届安徽阜阳市英语八下期末质量检测试题满分120分,时间90分钟一、单项选择(共10小题,满分10分)1、----Mr.Wuhasrecommendedmanybooks.Haveyoudecidedfirst?----Yes.TheLittlePrince.A.howtoread B.whichtoread C.whentoread D.wheretoread2、—Sam,IthinkyouneedtohaveaplanB.______.—OK.Nobodycanbecertainofwhatisgoingtohappeninthefuture.A.It’sunwisetoputallyoureggsinonebasketB.ManyhandsmakelightworkC.Youcan’tburnthecandleatbothendsD.Actionsspeaklouderthanwords3、—Thisis________usefulbook,Ithink.—Soitis,andit’s________unusualone.A.an;不填 B.an;an C.a;an D.不填;a4、—Whowashesclothesforthelittlegirl?—Nobody.Justby________.A.himself B.herself C.themselves D.myself5、Thefilmwassowonderfulthatalloftheticketswere________withintwohours.A.cutout B.putout C.tookout D.soldout6、Ithinkyouwillmissthetrain________youhurryup.A.if B.until C.assoonas D.unless7、Youalwaysthinkwhatotherpeoplehaveseemsbetterthanyours,justasthesayinggoes,“________.”A.Manyhandsmakelightwork B.ActionspeakslouderthanwordsC.Itneverrainsbutpours D.Thegrassisalwaysgreenerontheotherside8、Myuncle________heresincehemovedtothecity.A.works B.isworking C.willwork D.hasworked9、Becauseoftheillness,thereare______touriststhisyearthanseveralyearsago.A.more B.most C.fewer D.less10、WiththeInternet,________iseasyforpeopletoknowwhatishappeningaroundtheworld.A.they B.this C.that D.it二、补全对话(10分)11、根据下面的对话情景,在每个空白处填上一个适当的句子,使对话的意思连贯、完整。A:Hi,Alice!Isentyouane-mail.______1______?B:No,Ihaven’t.Ihaven’tcheckedmye-mailstoday.A:Whynot?B:______2______.Itdoesn’twork.A:Canyourepairit?B:No,Ican’t.It’stooold.Myfatherwantstobuyanewcomputerforme.A:______3______.Youknow,I’vejustgotanewcomputer.B:Whendidyougetit?A:Igotitlastweek.B:______4______?A:Itwasmadeinmyhome.B:What?______5______?A:Yousee,myfatherboughtdifferentpartsofthecomputerandthenputthemtogether.That’showthecomputerwasmadeinmyhome.B:Aha,Isee.Yourfatherissocool.三、语法填空(10分)12、阅读下面材料并填空,有的答案要填入适当的内容,有的答案要用括号内单词的正确形式,但每个答案不多于3个单词。把答案写在答题卡小题的横线上。Mountainclimbingisoneoftheworld’smostdangeroussports,andoneofthe___1___(popular)placesistheHimalayas.Ofallthemountains,Qomolangma___2___(rise)thehighestandisthemostfamous.Itis8,844.43___3___(meter)highandsoisverydangeroustoclimb.___4___firstpeopletoreachthetopwereTenzingNorgayandEdmundHillary___5___May4,1953.ThefirstChineseteam___6___(do)soin1960.Somanyclimbersrisktheirlives___7___theywanttochallenge___8___(them)inthefaceofdifficulties.Thespiritoftheseclimbersshowsusthatweshouldnevergiveup___9___(try)toachieveourdreams.Italsoshowsthathumanscansometimesbe___10___(strong)thantheforcesofnature.四、完形填空(10分)13、阅读下面短文,从各小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。ManyofusmayalreadyknowthatAmericanfootballisalargepartoftheUSculture.Februaryeveryyearisthetimeforoneofthemostimportant____1____—SuperBowlinAmerica.Thisfootballgameisso____2____thatevenpeoplewhodon’tlikefootballwatchtheSuperBowl.Ihaveneverbeeninto____3____,butIwasexcitedforthisyear’sSuperBowl.Ourlocalfootballteam,theCincinnatiBengals,wasinit.Ifyoudon’thearabouttheSuperBowl,youwillprobablyhave____4____totalkwithyourfriends.Atschool,teachersandstudentsalsocheeredontheBengals.Asthegameisalwaysplayed____5____aSundaynight,schoolsaroundCincinnatigotthefollowingMondayoff.Myschoolevenorganizedaspiritweek.Theevent____6____peopletowearblackandorangeeverydayoftheweek.Eventheheadmaster____7____orangeandblack.____8____theSuperBowlisover,myfriendsatschoolstillargueoverwhoshouldwinafootballgame.Istillhearthem____9____footballinthehallways.TheBengalsdidnotwinthefinalmatch,butIhavetrulybeenabletoexperiencethe____10____ofAmericanfootball.1.A.places B.concerts C.accidents D.events2.A.busy B.popular C.strange D.terrible3.A.football B.basketball C.tennis D.ping-pong4.A.something B.anything C.nothing D.everything5.A.on B.in C.by D.with6.A.encouraged B.showed C.taught D.remembered7.A.wore B.painted C.sold D.collected8.A.Because B.Although C.Before D.Unless9.A.turnon B.lookafter C.talkabout D.worryabout10.A.size B.shape C.price D.culture五、阅读理解(30分)14、Henrywasgoingthroughaveryhardtime.Hiswifediedonemonthago.Hethoughthislifebecamemeaningless.Henrysatinhishousesadlyanddidnothing.Oneday,Henry’sneighbour,Lisa,sawhimfromheryard.Shehadn’tseenhimoutsideforseveraldays!ShewantedtohelpHenry.Thenshehadanidea.LisasaidtoHenry,“Hello,Henry!Justlookatthefence(篱笆)betweenourhouses.Itisfallingapart.Youareastrongman.Canyouhelpfixit?”AfterhearingLisa’swords,Henrywasalittleangry.Hedidn’twanttohelpher.Hethoughthewastheonewhoneededhelp.HethoughtLisawasn’tpoliteatall.However,heagreedtohelpLisabecauseLisawastoooldtofixthefenceherself.Henryspentafewdaysfixingthefence.Whenhefinished,Lisathankedhim.Henrygaveherasmile.Hehadn’tsmiledforalongtime.“Whatawonderfuljob!Couldyoupleasepaintitforme?”Lisasaidtohim.Henrythoughtforawhileandagreed.Thenhebegantopaintthefenceinthehotsun.AshisneighbourspassedbyandsawHenry,theyallpraised(称赞)Henryforwhathewasdoing.Henryfelthappyandproud.Hefelthislifewasnotmeaninglessanymore.HenryfinallyunderstoodLisa’spurpose.ShewantedHenrytoknowthatstayingbusycouldhelphimforgethissadness.HenrythankedLisaalot.1.HowdidLisahelpHenryforgethissorrow?A.Shewantedhimtogettoknowmoreneighbours.B.Sheaskedhimtodosomethingstomakehimbusy.C.Sheencouragedhimtomakefriendswithothers.D.Sheadvisedhimtofindahobbyinhisfreetime.2.WhichwordscanbestdescribeLisaaccordingtothepassage?A.Kindandbrave. B.Rudeandlazy. C.Cleverandhelpful. D.Patientandhard-working.3.WhichofthefollowingshowshowHenry'sfeelingschangedovertime?A.bored→unhappy→thankful→happy. B.happy→thankful→bored→sad.C.sad→happy→thankful→sad. D.sad→angry→happy→thankful.4.Whatdoesthewritermainlywanttotellus?A.Itishardtomakefriendswithneighbours. B.Askingothersforhelpispolite.C.Stayingbusycanhelpusforgetoursadness. D.Weshouldn’tlearnsomelivingskills.15、Theworldwaslikeaneggalong,longtimeago.Outoftheworld,therewasashell(壳).Itstoppedalllightsandsoundsfromcomingin.Intheworld,thereweretwokindsofenergy.Onewaslight.Theotherwasheavy.InthecenteroftheworldlivedasmartmannamedPanGu.PanGulikedtosleep.Afteralongsleepofeighteenthousandyears,PanGufinallywokeup.Hefoundtheworldwastoosmallforhim,andhecouldn’tliveahappylife.Sohepickedupanaxe(斧子)nexttohimandbroketheshell.Assoonashedidthat,thetwokindsofenergybegantoseparate.Thelightonewentupandbecamethesky.Theheavyonecamedownandbecametheearth.Tomakesurethattheskyandtheearthwouldn’tclose,PanGulifted(举起)theskyupwithhisheadandsteppedontheearthwithhisfeet.Thousandsofyearslater,hewastootiredanddied.AfterPanGu’sdeath,hislefteyebecamethesunandhisrighteyebecamethemoon.Hishairturnedintothestarsinthesky.PanGu’strunk(躯干)becametallmountains.Histeethandbonesbecamestones.Thisisthemyth(神话故事)ofPanGu’sopeninguptheworld.1.WhatwastheworldlikebeforePanGuwokeup?A.Itwasbrightandquiet. B.Itwasdarkandquiet.C.Itwasbrightandnoisy. D.Itwasdarkandnoisy.2.HowlongdidPanGusleep?A.For800years. B.For80,000years.C.For8,000years. D.For18,000years.3.Theunderlinedphrase“separate”inthepassagemeans“”inChinese.A.分离 B.融合 C.增强 D.变弱4.Whatcanweknowfromthispassage?A.PanGugotoutoftheshellbecausehewantedtoseetheoutsideworld.B.PanGu’steethturnedintostarsintheskyafterhisdeath.C.PanGu’stwoeyesbecamethesunandthemoon.D.PanGu’sheadbecamethemountain.5.Wheremaythepassagebefrom?A.Astorybook. B.Asciencebook. C.Ageographybook. D.Anartbook.16、Noodlesareaneasystaple(主食)inChinesefood.TherearemanykindsofChinesenoodlesaccordingtotheirregions(区域)ofproduction,ingredients(原料),mannersofpreparationandshapes.NoodlesindifferentregionsofChinaaredifferentintheirownwaysandeachhasitsowntastes.InnorthwesternChina,animalhusbandry(农牧业)isdeveloped,peoplethereliketocooknoodlesinbeeformuttonsoup.InsouthwesternChina,spicy(辛辣的)foodiswelcomed,sothechilies(辣椒)andpeppersarecommoninlocalnoodlediets.Andinsoutheasterncoastalarea,seafoodsupplyisenoughandpeopleoftenaddshellfishestothenoodles.InNorthChina’sShanxiprovince,itissaidthatthereareover280kindsofnoodles.AmongthemanyShanxinoodles,theslicednoodleisthemostfamousone.Itisanoodleslicedwithaspecialblade.Whenmakingit,thecookneedstoholdthedough(面团)withonehand,whilefastlyslicingthenoodlesintothesouppotwiththeotherhand.Experiencedcookscaneventurnthenoodle-slicingintoaperformance.InChinesefoodculture,peopleliketoputspecialmeaningstodishes.Forexample,theywouldhaveabowlofchangshoumianontheirbirthdaycarryinggoodwishesforhealthandalonglife.Inmanyplacesthecustomistoservejiaozitoapersonleavinghome,andnoodlestoapersonreturninghome,asbothfoodhavetheirownsymbolicmeanings.根据材料内容选择最佳答案。1.WhatingredientdopeopleliketoputinnoodlesinsouthwesternChina?A.Beeformutton. B.Chiliesandpeppers. C.Shellfishes. D.Nothing.2.WhichisthemostfamousnoodleinShanxiprovince?A.Theslicednoodle. B.Changshoumian. C.Theshellfishesnoodle. D.Thespicynoodle.3.Ifyourgrandpaisgoingtohaveabirthdayparty,whatfoodwillthefamilyservetohim?A.Jiaozi. B.Theslicednoodle. C.Changshoumian. D.Dough.4.What’sthestructure(结构)ofthepassage?(P=paragraph段落)A. B. C. D.5.Whatisthepurpose(目的)ofthepassage?A.Totellushowtocooknoodles. B.TotellussomethingaboutChina’snoodles.C.Totellustoeatmorenoodles. D.TotellusChinesefoodculture.六、完成句子(10分)17、are,there,lotsof,inmyhouse,books______________________.18、your,should,parents,understand,you____________________________.19、long,in,she,been,Shanghai,how,has________________________________________?20、当地政府全年为野生动物提供食物和关爱。_________________________________________21、十几岁的青少年应当被允许做出他们自己的决定。____________________________________________七、短文填空(10分)22、阅读短文,根据语篇要求填空,使短文通顺、意思完整。每空限填一词。Hello,everyone!Welcometotoday’sTravelAround!DoyouknowwhereHainanIslandis?Wouldyouliketoknowsomethingaboutit?Nowletmetellyou.ItliesinthesouthofChina.It’s____1____secondlargestislandinChina.Ithasapopulationofover9,000,000.There,youcouldeithergotovisittheflowermarkets(市场)____2____enjoythedeliciousseafood.There,youcouldfindmanybeautifulbeaches.Peoplelovewalkingslowlyalongtheseasideorswimminginthesea.Itswonderfulplacesofinterestmakethousands____3____touristscometoHainaneveryday.Ontheisland,peoplecanenjoybrightsunshine,freshairandtastedeliciousfood.Theycanenjoythebeautyofnature.Andthey____4____alsoliveapeacefullifethere.Thanksforyourwatching!We____5____lookingforwardtoyourcoming.八、阅读表达(10分)23、阅读短文,根据短文的内容XieHongxing,5,wasbornandraisedaroundWuyiMountain.Asabambooweaving(编织)artist,hasbeenworkingonitfor22years.Recently,hehasbecomepopularontheInternetbecauseofbuildingaminibambooTiangongspacestation.OnDouyin,apopularshort-videoapp,Xiesurprisedmanyinternetusersbyusingaknifetoquicklycutbamboointopiecesofthesamewidth.Hesaidittook46daystofinishhisminibamboospacestation.Heusedmorethan12kindsoflocalbambootoshowthebeautyofthespacestation.Xiebegantolearnbambooweavingwhenhewasateenager.“Ifoundthatbambooweavingisinteresting.Witharichimagination,youcanalmostmakeanything.So,Idecidedtostudythisskill,”hesaid.Afteryearsofhardwork,inFebruary2022,Xieachievedhisdream.HesuccessfullyturnedthebambooweavingofWuyiMountainintoaprovincialintangibleculturalheritage(省级非物质文化遗产).However,itisnoteasyforXietopassontheart,butheistryinghisbest.Hesetupamuseumofbambooweavinginwhichvisitorscanwatchandtakephotosofhisworks.AthisstudiointheWuyiMountain,peoplecanlearnhowtomakeearringsorbagsfrombamboo.1.WhatisXie’sjob?______________________________2.WhydidXiebecomepopularonline?______________________________3.Howmanykindsoflocalbamboowereusedtomakethespacestation?______________________________4.WhendidXiemakehisdreamcometrue?______________________________5.Wherecanpeoplelearntomakebagsfrombamboo?______________________________九、书面表达(20分)What’sthehighestmountainintheworld【解析】【详解】根据答语It’sQomolangma.“这是珠穆朗玛峰。”可知,珠穆朗玛峰为世界最高的山,此处询问某物,应用疑问词what提问,位于句首,首字母w需大写,时态为一般现在时,特殊疑问句为“Whatis/are+主语?”的结构,主语为thehighestmountain表示“最高的山峰”,第三人称单数,be动词用is,介词短语intheworld表示“在世界上”位于句末,作定语。故填What’sthehighestmountainintheworld。60.A:________________________?B:Yes,Ihave.Iwenttherelastweekend.

参考答案一、单项选择(共10小题,满分10分)1、B【解析】【详解】句意:——吴先生推荐了许多书。你决定先读哪本书了吗?——是的。小王子。考查疑问词辨析题。A.howtoread怎么读;B.whichtoread读哪本;;C.whentoread何时候读;D.wheretoread在哪读。根据回答Yes.TheLittlePrince.,可知ACD三项不合句意,故选B。2、A【解析】【详解】句意:——萨姆,我认为你需要有一个B计划。把所有鸡蛋放入一个篮子里是不明智的。——好的。没人可以确定未来会发生什么。考查谚语。It’sunwisetoputallyoureggsinonebasket把所有鸡蛋放入一个篮子里是不明智的;Manyhandsmakelightwork人多好办事;Youcan’tburnthecandleatbothends蜡烛不能两头烧;Actionsspeaklouderthanwords事实胜于雄辩。根据“IthinkyouneedtohaveaplanB”可知,此句表达要做两手准备,不能把所有鸡蛋放在一个篮子里。故选A。3、C【解析】【详解】句意:——我认为这是一本有用的书。——的确如此,这是一本不同寻常的书。考查冠词。a修饰以辅音音素开头单词,表泛指;an修饰以元音音素开头的单词,表泛指。第一空,根据“usefulbook”可知此空泛指一本有用的书,useful是以辅音音素开头的,此空填a。第二空,根据空后单数可数代词one和选项可知,这是—个不同寻常的书,因为unusual是以元音音素开头的,故填an。故选C。4、B【解析】【详解】句意:——谁给小女孩洗衣服?——没有人。她自己洗。考查反身代词辨析。himself他自己;herself她自己;themselves他(她/它)们自己;myself我自己。根据“thelittlegirl”可知,此空应填herself,故选B。5、D【解析】【详解】句意:这个电影是如此精彩以至于在两个小时内所有的票都被卖光了。考查动词短语辨析。cutout删除;putout熄灭;tookout拿出;soldout卖光。根据“Thefilmwassowonderful”可知应是因为电影精彩,电影票被很快卖光,故选D。6、D【解析】【详解】句意:我认为除非你快一点,不然你会错过火车。考查连词。if如果;until直到;assoonas一……就……;unless除非。本句为主从复合句且前后为条件关系,前者以后者不发生为条件,因此用unless,表示“除非”,相当于ifnot。故选D。7、D【解析】【详解】句意:你总觉得别人的比你的好,正所谓“这山望着那山高”。考查谚语。Manyhandsmakelightwork人多好办事;Actionspeakslouderthanwords事实胜于雄辩;Itneverrainsbutpours屋漏偏逢连夜雨;Thegrassisalwaysgreenerontheotherside这山望着那山高。根据“Youalwaysthinkwhatotherpeoplehaveseemsbetterthanyours”可知总觉得别人的比自己的好,和谚语“这山望着那山高”意义相近。故选D。8、D【解析】【详解】句意:自从我叔叔搬到这个城市后就一直在这里工作。考查现在完成时态。根据“sincehemovedtothecity”可知,句子时态为现在完成时,谓语结构为have/hasdone,主语Myuncle是第三人称单数,助动词使用has。故选D。9、C【解析】【详解】句意:由于这种疾病,今年的游客比几年前少了。考查形容词比较级辨析。more更多的;most最多的;fewer更少的,修饰可数名词;less更少的,修饰不可数名词。根据“than”可知,此处用比较级,排除B选项。tourists是可数名词复数形式,排除D选项。根据“Becauseoftheillness”及常识可知,疾病会导致游客比以前更少,故选C。10、D【解析】【详解】句意:有了互联网,人们很容易了解世界各地正在发生的事情。考查it作形式主语。根据“...iseasyforpeopletoknowwhatishappeningaroundtheworld.”可知,此处使用it作形式主语,动词不定式作真正的主语,故选D。二、补全对话(10分)11、1.Haveyougotit2.There’ssomethingwrongwithmycomputer3.Thatsoundsgreat4.Wherewasitmade5.Howwasitmadeinyourhome【解析】【导语】本文是两人关于电脑的对话。【1题详解】根据上文“Isentyouane-mail.”及下文“No,Ihaven’t.”可知,这里是一般疑问句,询问收到了吗,故填Haveyougotit。【2题详解】根据上文“Whynot?”及下文“Itdoesn’twork.”可知,这里解释没有收到的原因,电脑出问题了,故填There’ssomethingwrongwithmycomputer。【3题详解】根据上文“Myfatherwantstobuyanewcomputerforme”可知下文表示很棒,故填Thatsoundsgreat。【4题详解】根据下文“Itwasmadeinmyhome.”可知上文询问制作地点,故填Wherewasitmade。【5题详解】根据下文“That’showthecomputerwasmadeinmyhome.”可知上文询问怎么做的,故填Howwasitmadeinyourhome。三、语法填空(10分)12、1.mostpopular2.rises3.meters4.The5.on6.did7.because8.themselves9.trying10.stronger【解析】【导语】这是一篇说明文。文章介绍了登山运动。珠穆朗玛峰虽然为世界最高峰,但是人类最终也成功登顶,登山者们勇于挑战自我的精神鼓舞着我们不要放弃追求梦想。【1题详解】句意:登山运动是世界上最危险的运动之一,喜马拉雅山是最受欢迎的地方之一。oneof+形容词最高级+名词复数表示“最……之一”,因此用形容词最高级。故填mostpopular。【2题详解】句意:众多高山之中,珠穆朗玛峰是最高的也是最有名的。此处在描述客观事实,应用一般现在时,并且主语Qomolangma为单数,动词应用第三人称单数形式。故填rises。【3题详解】句意:珠穆朗玛峰高8844.43米,因此攀登起来非常危险。根据“8844.43”可知,meter应用复数形式。故填meters。【4题详解】句意:TenzingNorgay和EdmundHillary在1953年5月4日成为最先登顶的人。根据“first”可知,序数词前需用定冠词修饰,开头首字母需要大写。故填The。【5题详解】句意:TenzingNorgay和EdmundHillary在1953年5月4日成为最先登顶的人。“May4,1953”为具体的某一天,其前应用介词on。故填on。【6题详解】句意:中国第一支登山队在1960年登上山顶。根据时间状语“in1960”可知,此处在描述过去发生的事情,应用一般过去时。故填did。【7题详解】句意:如此多的登山者为此冒着生命危险,因为他们想在困难面前挑战自己。此处缺少连词,且后者是前者的原因,为原因状语从句。故填because。【8题详解】句意:如此多的登山者为此冒着生命危险,因为他们想在困难面前挑战自己。主语they和动词challenge的宾语为相同的人,应用反身代词。故填themselves。【9题详解】句意:这些攀登者的精神所展示给我们的是:我们不应该放弃追求自己的梦想。giveupdoingsth意为“放弃做某事”,动词应用动名词形式。故填trying。【10题详解】句意:它也向我们展示了,人类的力量有时比自然的力量更强大。根据“than”可知,此处存在比较关系,因此用形容词比较级。故填stronger。四、完形填空(10分)13、1.D2.B3.A4.C5.A6.A7.A8.B9.C10.D【解析】【导语】本文主要介绍了美国的“超级碗”,它在美国非常受欢迎,并介绍了作者和作者的同学对今年的“超级碗”的喜爱。【1题详解】句意:每年的2月是美国最重要的赛事之一——超级碗的时间。places地点;concerts音乐会;accidents事故;events事件。根据“Februaryeveryyearisthetimeforoneofthemostimportant...—SuperBowlinAmerica.”可知,超级碗是美国最重要的赛事之一,故选D。【2题详解】句意:这个足球比赛非常受欢迎,即使是不喜欢足球的人也会看超级碗。busy忙碌的;popular流行的;strange奇怪的;terrible糟糕的。根据“Thisfootballgameisso...thatevenpeoplewhodon’tlikefootballwatchtheSuperBowl.”可知,足球比赛非常受欢迎,故选B。【3题详解】句意:我从来没有对足球感兴趣,但我对今年的超级碗感到兴奋。football足球;basketball篮球;tennis网球;ping-pong乒乓球。联系上下文可知,作者从来没有对足球感兴趣,故选A。【4题详解】句意:如果你没有听说过超级碗,你可能就没有什么可以和你的朋友谈论的了。something某事;anything任何事;nothing无事;everything每件事。根据“Ifyoudon’thearabouttheSuperBowl,youwillprobablyhave...totalkwithyourfriends.”可知,如果没有听说过超级碗,那就没什么可以跟朋友谈论的了,故选C。【5题详解】句意:由于比赛总是在周日晚上进行,辛辛那提附近的学校在接下来的周一休息。on其后加星期或具体的时间;in其后加早中晚;by到……为止;with和。“aSundaynight”是具体的时间,故选A。【6题详解】句意:该活动鼓励人们在一周的每一天都穿黑色和橙色。encouraged鼓励;showed展示;taught教;remembered记得。根据“Theevent...peopletowearblackandorangeeverydayoftheweek.”可知,该活动鼓励人们在一周的每一天都穿黑色和橙色。故选A。【7题详解】句意:就连校长也穿着桔黄色和黑色的衣服。wore穿;painted涂;sold卖;collected收集。根据“Eventheheadmaster...orangeandblack.”可知,连校长也穿着橙色和黑色的衣服。故选A。【8题详解】句意:虽然超级碗已经结束了,我在学校的朋友们仍然在争论谁应该赢得足球比赛。Because因为;Although虽然;Before在……之前;Unless除非。分析“...theSuperBowlisover,myfriendsatschoolstillargueoverwhoshouldwinafootballgame.”可知,前后两句构成让步关系,用Although连接,故选B。【9题详解】句意:我还能听到他们在走廊里谈论足球。turnon打开;lookafter照顾;talkabout谈论;worryabout担心。根据“Istillhearthem...footballinthehallways.”可知,还能听到他们在走廊里谈论足球。故选C。【10题详解】句意:孟加拉虎没有赢得最后一场比赛,但我真正能够体验美式足球的文化。size尺寸;shape形状;price价格;culture文化。根据“TheBengalsdidnotwinthefinalmatch,butIhavetrulybeenabletoexperiencethe...ofAmericanfootball.”可知,真正能够体验美式足球的文化。故选D。五、阅读理解(30分)14、1.B2.C3.D4.C【解析】【导语】本文主要讲述了主人公亨利在妻子离世后觉得生活毫无意义,在邻居丽莎的帮助下觉得生活开始变得有意义。最后主人公明白忙碌能使人忘却悲伤。【1题详解】细节理解题。根据“HenryfinallyunderstoodLisa’spurpose.ShewantedHenrytoknowthatstayingbusycouldhelphimforgethissadness.HenrythankedLisaalot.”可知亨利明白丽莎的用意,她想要亨利忙碌起来忘却悲伤,故选D。【2题详解】推理判断题。根据“Oneday,Henry’sneighbour,Lisa,sawhimfromheryard.Shehadn’tseenhimoutsideforseveraldays!ShewantedtohelpHenry.Thenshehadanidea.”可知丽莎想到办法帮助亨利,让他变开心,说明她是一个乐于助人又聪明的人。故选C。【3题详解】细节理解题。根据“Henrysatinhishousesadlyanddidnothing.”可知亨利一开始是悲伤的;再根据“AfterhearingLisa’swords,Henrywasalittleangry.”可知亨利变得有点生气;再根据“Henryfelthappyandproud.”可知亨利变得开心和自豪;再根据“HenrythankedLisaalot.”可知亨利最后是感激的。D选项符合,故选D。【4题详解】主旨大意题。根据“HenryfinallyunderstoodLisa’spurpose.ShewantedHenrytoknowthatstayingbusycouldhelphimforgethissadness”可知亨利明白丽莎的用意,她想要亨利忙碌起来忘却悲伤,所以文章主要想告诉读者忙碌能使人忘记悲伤的事情。故选C。15、1.B2.D3.A4.C5.A【解析】【导语】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了盘古开天辟地这一神话故事。【1题详解】推理判断题。根据“Outoftheworld,therewasashell.Itstoppedalllightsandsoundsfromcomingin”可知,世界外部有一个壳,阻止了光和声音进入,因此世界是黑暗且安静的。故选B。【2题详解】细节理解题。根据“Afteralongsleepofeighteenthousandyears,PanGufinallywokeup.”可知,盘古睡了18,000年。故选D。【3题详解】词义猜测题。根据“Thelightonewentupandbecamethesky.Theheavyonecamedownandbecametheearth.”可知,轻的能量上升成天,重的能量下降成地,两种能量分离了,因此“separate”表示“分离”。故选A。【4题详解】细节理解题。根据“hislefteyebecamethesunandhisrighteyebecamethemoon”可知,盘古的两只眼睛分别变成了太阳和月亮。故选C。【5题详解】推理判断题。根据最后一段“Thisisthemyth(神话故事)ofPanGu’sopeninguptheworld”可知,本文讲述了盘古开天辟地的神话故事,因此文章最可能出自一本故事书。故选A。16、1.B2.A3.C4.D5.B【解析】【导语】本文主要介绍了面条是中国食物中的简易主食,不同的地区面条也不同。【1题详解】细节理解题。根据“InsouthwesternChina,spicy(辛辣的)foodiswelcomed,sothechilies(辣椒)andpeppersarecommoninlocalnoodlediets”可知在中国西南部,辛辣食物很受欢迎,所以辣椒和胡椒在当地的面条中很常见。故选B。【2题详解】细节理解题。根据“AmongthemanyShanxinoodles,theslicednoodleisthemostfamousone”可知在山西,刀削面是最有名的面条。故选A。【3题详解】细节理解题。根据“theywouldhaveabowlofchangshoumianontheirbirthdaycarryinggoodwishesforhealthandalonglife”可知人们会在生日那天吃一碗长寿面,并致以健康长寿的良好祝愿。故选C。【4题详解】篇章结构题。通读全文可知,第一段引出了话题;第二段介绍了南北方面条的不同;第三段介绍了山西面条;第四段介绍了人们赋予面条的意义。故文章的结构是总分结构。故选D。【5题详解】主旨大意题。本文主要介绍了面条是中国食物中的简易主食,不同的地区面条也不同。故选B。六、完成句子(10分)17、Therearelotsofbooksinmyhouse【解析】【详解】根据所给的标点可知应用陈述句形式,分析所给的单词,thereare句型;lotsofbooks作主语;inmyhouse作地点状语。故填Therearelotsofbooksinmyhouse“我家里有很多书”。18、Youshouldunderstandyourparents【解析】【详解】根据所给标点可知应用陈述句的形式,分析所给单词,you作主语,should情态动词,understand谓语动词,yourparents作宾语。故填Youshouldunderstandyourparents“你应该理解你的父母”。19、HowlonghasshebeeninShanghai【解析】【详解】howlong“多久”,特殊疑问词放在句首;has放在主语she前;hasbeeni

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