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2024届福建省英语八下期末经典试题满分120分,时间90分钟一、完形填空(10分)1、先通读短文,掌握其大意,然后从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个可以填入相应空白处的最佳答案。Lucywasasinglemother.Shelivedwithherlittleson.Shelosther____1____twoyearsagoandtheyhadaveryhardlife.Being____2____wasterrible.Herheartwasbrokeneverytimewhenhersonasked,“CanIhavesomemore____3____please,Mom?”Oneday,whenhersonaskedthesamequestionagain,shedecidedtoprepareabigmealforhim____4____theonly$6inherhand.Shewenttothesupermarket,____5____somefoodandcookeditathome.Lucywasashymother,____6____sheisastrong-mindedmother.“It’stimetomakeachange,”shethought.Sheoncelovedwriting.Tomakesomemoney,she____7____towriteformagazinesdayandnight.Thingswent____8____.ThelocalfoodbankstartedtoprovideLucywithsomefreevegetableseverymonth.Hersonfinallyhadenoughfoodtoeat.OncehetoldLucythatallthe____9____shemadetasteddelicious!Then,anideacametoLucy’smind:“Whynot____10____myrecipes(配方,食谱)ontheInternet?”Fromthenon,shedidit____11____.Manypeoplelikedherrecipesandshebecame____12____.Soonafterthat,somereportersinterviewedherandaskedhertowriteabookon____13____.WhenLucygotthemoneyforthe____14____shewrote,shewasveryhappy.NowLucyhasawell-paidjobandabeautifulhouse,butshewillrememberthedaysforeverwhenshe____15____hardforagoodlife,andshethinksalltheseharddayswereworththeeffort.1.A.house B.voice C.mind D.job2.A.sick B.glad C.poor D.tired3.A.room B.space C.advice D.food4.A.with B.at C.on D.for5.A.tasted B.bought C.kept D.found6.A.but B.so C.if D.because7.A.hated B.forgot C.refused D.began8.A.earlier B.faster C.better D.harder9.A.dishes B.dessert C.chicken D.salad10.A.try B.improve C.change D.share11.A.finally B.regularly C.politely D.carelessly12.A.dangerous B.comfortable C.famous D.serious13.A.working B.cooking C.teaching D.shopping14.A.joke B.magazine C.poster D.book15.A.worked B.studied C.played D.thought二、阅读理解(40分)2、OntheeveningofSeptember1stin2022,alltheteachersandstudentsgathered(聚焦)inthecloudandhadthefirstclassofthisterm.Thisshowispopularamongalltheprimaryandmiddleschoolstudentsbecauseitshowssomethingeducationalandmeaningfulthroughsomerealstories.Withthetopicof“Hardworkmakesdreamscometrue”,TheFirstLessonin2022wasdividedintothreeparts:“Hardwork,continuous(不断的)workandunitedwork”.Theprograminvitedthewinnersof“theAugustFirstMedal”,“RoleModelsoftheTimes”,scientificandtechnologicalworkers,Olympicplayers,volunteersandsoon,togetherwiththestudentstohavealivelyandinteresting“firstlesson”.ThroughthestudyofTheFirstLessonoftheNewTerm,thechildrenhavefurtherimprovedtheirsenseofnationandtheirpersonalconfidence,andknowntheirresponsibilities(责任)aschildreninthenewera.Thesetrueandexcitingstoriesencouragedyoungpeopletotryhardontheirnewjourney.TheFirstLessonfurtherinspired(鼓舞)thechildrentolovethecountry.Inthespecialtimeoffightingagainstandcontrollingtheepidemic(疫情),let’stakeontheburden(重担)ofthetimes,andgetoverdifficulties.Let’sdoourbesttostudyhardandshowourresponsibilityofchildrenwhoarenotafraidofdifficulties.1.Whatdoestheunderlinedphrase“inthecloud”meaninthetext?A.Online. B.Inspace. C.Intheopenair. D.Athome.2.What’sthetopicofTheFirstLessonoftheNewTermin2022?A.Wherethereisawill,thereisaway. B.Five-starRedflag,I’mproudofyou.C.Ourfuturedependsonourselves. D.Hardworkmakesdreamscometrue.3.What’sthemainideaofparagraph3?A.TheimportanceofTheFirstLessonoftheNewTerm.B.ThetruemeaningofTheFirstLessonoftheNewTerm.C.WhyisTheFirstLessonoftheNewTermpopularamongstudents?D.WhatcanstudentslearnfromTheFirstLessonoftheNewTerm?4.Whichofthefollowingshowsthebeststructureofthetext?A. B. C. D.5.Inwhichpartofanewspaperwillyouprobablyreadthetext?A.Health. B.Sports. C.Education. D.Culture.3、HomeFireSafetyOverhalfofallthehomefiredeathshappenbetween11pmand7am.Ifthereisafire,youmayhavelessthan3minutestogetoutofyourhome.Bereadytoactquickly.NeedHelpNow?Call119atonceifyouseeorhaveahomefire!Ifyouneedhelpafterahomefirepleasecall120.DoYouKnow?●Ifafirestartsinyourhome,youmayhaveaslittleas2minutestoescape.●Duringafire,earlywarningfromaworkingsmokealarmcansavelives.TopTipsforFireSafety√Install(安装)smokealarmsoneverylevelofyourhome,insidebedroomsandoutsidesleepingareas.√Testsmokealarmseverymonth.Ifthey’renotworking,changethebatteries(电池).√Talkwithallfamilymembersaboutafireescapeplanandpracticetheplantwiceayear.√Ifafireoccurs(发生)inyourhome,GETOUT,STAYOUTandCALLFORHELP.Nevergobackinsideforanything.Anddon’tusethelift.√Ifyourclothescatchfire,DON’TRUNORWALK!Getdownontheground.Coveryourfaceandeyes.Roll(翻滚)overandoveruntiltheflamesareout.根据材料内容选择最佳答案。1.Iftherewasafireinthekitchenwhenyouarecookingat6:57am,you’dbettergetoutofyourhousebefore________.A.7:00am B.7:03am C.11:00pm D.11:03pm2.Accordingtothetext,whatshouldwedowhenourclothescatchfire?A. B.C. D.3.Whichofthefollowingisnotoneofthetoptipsforfiresafety?A.Installingsmokealarms. B.Testingsmokealarms.C.Practicingtheescapeplan. D.Preparingenoughwater.4.Afterreadingthetext,wecanknow________.A.howoftenhomefiresoccureveryyear B.howmanyfireshappenintheworldeverydayC.whatweshoulddoifafireoccursinourhome D.howwecanmakeagoodfireescapeplan5.Whereisthetextmostprobablyfrom?A.TravelView. B.HealthandSafety. C.FamilyLife. D.MedicalWorld.4、Inourlife,weshouldoftenbereadyforchangethatwillhelpusunlock(释放)ourself-improvementpower.However,wedon’talwaysunderstandit.Wethinkofunlockingourself-improvementpoweronlywheneverythinggetsworst.Whendowerealizethatweneedtochangediets?Whennoneofourshirtsandjeanswouldfitus.Whendowestopeatingcandiesandchocolates?Whenallofourteethhavefallenoff.Weseethewarningsignswhenthingsgetdifficult.Mostofuswilllearnaboutunlockingourself-improvementpoweronlywhenthewholeworldfallsapart.Wethinkandfeelthiswaybecauseitisnoteasytochange.However,changebecomesmorepainfulwhenwepaynoattentiontoit.Changewillhappen,likeitorhateit.Atonepointoranother,weareallgoingtofinallyunlockourself-improvementpower,notbecausetheworldsaysso,butbecausewerealizeit’sgoodforourselves.Happypeopledon’tjustacceptchange;theywelcomeit.Unlockingourself-improvementpowermeansunlockingourselvesoutoftheboxofthoughtthatisjustthewayweare.Itissuchapoorexcuseforpeoplewhofearchange.Janealwaystellseveryonethatsheisafraidofbeingaroundgroupsofpeople.Overtheyears,thatiswhatJanehasbelieved.Everytimeagreatcrowdcome,shestepsbackandlocksherselfupinaroom.Janenotonlybelievesinherstory,butlivesit!Ifwelookatthingsinadifferentway,wemighthavegreaterfun.Doingexercisethreetimesaweekwouldleadtoahealthierlife.Readingbookseverydaywouldbuildupknowledge.Andonlywhenweareenjoyingthewholeprocess(过程)ofunlockingoutself-improvementpower,wewillrealizethatwecantakethingslightandbecomehappy.1.What’sthewriter’spurposeofwritingParagraph2?A.Toshowthathealthisthemostimportant. B.Toexplainwewillmeettroubleinlife.C.Totellproblemsarenotrealizedattimes. D.Toshowwelearnlessonswhenexperiencingpain.2.WhatadvicemightbegiventohelpsolveJane’sproblem?A.Alwaysbelieveinherself. B.Unlockherselfoutoftheboxofthought.C.Getonwithpeopleinafriendlyway. D.Countthedaysuntilsheisfullyimproved.3.Whichofthefollowingopinionsmaythewritersupport?A.Don’timproveourselvesuntilthingsgetworst.B.Peoplechangewhentheyfinditeasytodothat.C.Ifyouwelcomechangeinlife,you’llmakeitbetter.D.Processofself-improvementmakeslifeworse.4.Whichofthefollowingwouldbethebesttitleforthepassage?A.Isitimportanttotakethingslight?B.Isitnecessarytobelieveinyourselves?C.Toholdontothelastmomentortogiveup?D.Tounlockourselvesoutoftheboxofthoughtortostayinit?5、Schoolgardenshaveappearedacrossthecountry.Teachersusethegardenstogivelessonsinscience,mathandmore.Studiesshowthatkidswhoworkinoutdoorgardensgethigherscoresonsciencetests.Teachershopethatbylearningwheretheirfoodcomesfrom,kidswillmakehealthierfoodchoicesatmealtimes.StudentsatNo.2MiddleSchoolplantseedsinspring.Theygrowpumpkins,peppers(辣椒)andbroccoli(西兰花).Thekidslookafterthegardenuntilsummer.Theygetin(收获)thevegetablesinfall.LiYanlikesthatjobbest.“It’slikeahunt(狩猎),”shesaid.“Youhavetolookatallthevegetablestofindtheonesthatarereadytobepicked.”Theschoolgivesawaythevegetablestoafoodbank.“Givingbacktothecommunity(社区)isanimportantlesson,”saystheschoolleader.LiYanlikestheideathatherhardworkhelpsothers.“Everyonecanmakeadifference.”shesays.1.StudentsatNo.2MiddleSchoolwillworkintheschoolgardenfor________.A.awholeyear B.oneseason C.twoseasons D.threeseasons2.Whatdotheydowiththevegetables?A.Theyeatthematschool. B.Theytakethemhome.C.Theysellthemtothecommunity. D.Theygivethemawaytoafoodbank.3.WhichisTRUEaccordingtothepassage?A.Studentswillpickallthevegetablesatthesametime.B.Ittakesstudentstoomuchtimetoworkinthegarden.C.LiYanisastudentwhowantstomaketheschoolgardensdifferentfromothers.D.Schoolgardensareagoodplacetoeducatestudents.三、补全对话(10分)6、根据对话内容,选择恰当的句子填入对话相应的空白处,使对话完整合乎情景(有两个多余选项)。A:Hi,Kate.Comein,please.B:Thankyou.Wow,youhavesomanyplantsinyourhouse.A:Yes,Ilikethem.B:____1____A:BecauseIthinktheycanmakemyhousemorebeautiful.B:Well,it’snoteasytogrowthem.A:Yes,butinteresting.____2____B:Yes,Ido._____3_____A:Why?B:Becausetheycanplaywithme.A:_____4_____Whatanimalsdoyoukeep?B:Twodogs.A:Dogsarefriendlyanimals._____5_____B:Everymorningandafternoon,Itakethemoutforawalkandplaywiththem.A.Thatmustbeinteresting.B.ButIlikeanimalsbetter.C.Whatfooddoyoufeedthem?D.Whydoyoulikethem?E.Whendoyouplaywiththem?F.Doyoulikeplants?G.Goodidea!四、短文填空(10分)7、阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的单词(有提示词的,填入所给单词的正确形式)。CathyisagreatfanoftraditionalChineseculture.Shehas____1____(visit)manyChinesemuseumssinceshewassixyearsold.Herparentsbroughtherto____2____Chinesefoodfestivalthisyear.Cathywasveryexcited.Thefestivalhadtwoparts.Theyvisitedthefoodcultureshow____3____(one).Cathytookalotof____4____(photo).ThenCathywenttothefoodmarket____5____(happy)withherparents.Thefoodmarketwasfull____6____differentkindsoffood.Thefoodwassodelicious____7____Cathyatetoomuch.Itwasreallya____8____(wonder)day!Cathyreallyenjoyed____9____(her)verymuch.Laterthatday,CathysharedwithherbestfriendLilyonline,“Chinesefoodis____10____(much)deliciousthanothers.IwanttolearntocookChinesefoodinthefuture.”五、语法填空(10分)8、阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。Lastweek,myfatherandIwentbacktomyhometown-Zibo____1____(try)Zibobarbecue(烧烤).Recently,thelocalfoodhasbecome____2____popularthatpeoplealloverChinatraveltheretotasteit.OnethewaytoZibo,myfathertoldme____3____unusualstory.LastyearduringtheCOVID-19pandemic,____4____(thousand)ofcollegestudentswerestuckinZibo.Thelocalgovernmenthelpedstudentsandofferedagreatbarbecuedinnerwhenthequarantine(隔离)wasover.Thegovernmentofficersalsoinvitedthestudentstocome____5____toZiboagainwhenspringcame.Theywouldgivethestudentsawarmwelcome.I____6____(move)whenIheardthis.At5p.m.,wearrivedattherestaurant.Myfatherhadbookedatabletwodays____7____(early).Ortherewouldn’tbeanyseatsforus.Peopleintherestaurantdidn’tknoweachotherbefore.Butwejusttalked____8____(natural)aboutdailylifeandsangtogether.Somelocalpeopleevenputoff____9____(they)orderswhentheyheardthereweren’tenoughseats.Theywantedtouristsfromotherplacestohavethechancetoeat.Aftereatingthedeliciousfood,IkeptthinkingwhyZibobecamepopular.Isitthepromise____10____thegovernmentandthecollegestudents?Orthespecialtastyfood,orthewarmheartedpeople?六、阅读表达(10分)9、根据短文内容,完成下列任务。ThearrivalofChatGPTwillpusheducatorstothinkmoreaboutteachingsubjectsthattechnologyisnotgoodat.Thefutureisnotabouttechnologyfightingagainsthumans,itisabouthumanslivingtogetherwithtechnology.ChatGPTpushesustothinkharderofwhatmakesushuman.WhatisveryclearisthatthekindsofthingsthatareeasytoteachandtesthavealsobecomeeasyforChatGPT.Theworldnolongeracceptsyoujustforwhatyouknow.Theworldacceptsyouforwhatyoucandowithwhatyouknow,andChatGPTpushesustoworkharderonthis.Ifstudentsareonlyassmartasasmartphone,itmeanseducatorsarenotdoingenough.Peopleshoulddevelophumanskills,suchasimaginationandcreativity,thatmeansweshouldimagineandcreatethings.ThearrivalofAIreallypushespeopletothinkhardaboutwhateducationisandforwhatitserves.WhileGoogleorBaidusimplyprovidesknowledge,ChatGPTgoesastepfurtherandanalyzes(分析)asearchbeforeprovidingonlyananswer.There’sagreatriskifwejustfollowtheanswersfromChatGPTinsteadofquestioningitandcreatingnewknowledge(知识).ChatGPTisgoingtomakelearningmuchmoreinterestingandpowerful,buthumansneedtoworkveryhardtowinthatracewithtechnology.1.WhatkindofsubjectsshouldweteachafterthearrivalofChatGPT?________________________________________________________2.Ifstudentswanttobesmarterthanasmartphone,whatshouldtheydo?________________________________________________________3.WhatisthedifferencebetweenChatGPTandGoogleorBaidu?________________________________________________________4.WhatshouldwedowiththeanswersfromChatGPT?________________________________________________________5.DoyoulikeChatGPT?Whyorwhynot?________________________________________________________七、书面表达(20分)假如你是中国野生动物保护协会(CWCA)的成员,请你根据以下内容提示,以“WhalesinDanger”为题,用英语写一篇文章,呼吁人们热爱动物、保护动物。内容包括:1.简单介绍鲸鱼习性(food,place,interestingthings…)2.分析鲸鱼现状及濒临灭绝的原因(至少2点)(indanger,kill,eat,pollution…)3.提出挽救、保护鲸鱼的方法(至少3点)(makerules,know,stop…)WhalesinDanger________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________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参考答案一、完形填空(10分)1、1.D2.C3.D4.A5.B6.A7.D8.C9.A10.D11.B12.C13.B14.D15.A【解析】【导语】本文主要讲述了Lucy是一个单亲妈妈,生活得非常艰难,是她通过自己的努力让生活变得越来越好。【1题详解】句意:她两年前丢失了工作,她们过得很艰难。house房子;voice声音;mind头脑;job工作。根据“theyhadaveryhardlife”可知,过得很艰难,应是丢失了工作。故选D。【2题详解】句意:穷是可怕的。sick生病的;glad高兴的;poor贫穷的;tired疲惫的。根据上文“theyhadaveryhardlife”可知,生活过得艰难,poor符合语境。故选C。【3题详解】句意:妈妈,请问我能再吃点东西吗?room房间;space空间;advice建议;food食物。根据下文“Oneday,whenhersonaskedthesamequestionagain,shedecidedtoprepareabigmealforhim...”可知,当她儿子问同样的问题时,她决定要为儿子准备一顿大餐。所以此处应是指吃东西,food符合语境。故选D。【4题详解】句意:有一天,当她的儿子又问同样的问题时,她决定用手里仅有的6美元为他准备一顿大餐。with用;at在;on在……上面;for为了。根据“shedecidedtoprepareabigmealforhim...theonly$6inherhand”可知,此处表示用6美元来准备一顿大餐。故选A。【5题详解】句意:她去了超市,买了一些食物,然后在家里烹饪。tasted品尝;bought购买;kept保持;found发现。根据“Shewenttothesupermarket...somefood”可知,去超市买食物。故选B。【6题详解】句意:Lucy是一个害羞的妈妈,但她是一位意志坚强的母亲。but但是;so所以;if如果;because因为。根据“Lucywasashymother...sheisastrong-mindedmother.”可知,前后句子存在转折关系,空处应是but。故选A。【7题详解】句意:为了赚钱,她开始日日夜夜为杂志撰稿。hated讨厌;forgot忘记;refused拒绝;began开始。根据“‘It’stimetomakeachange,’shethought.Sheoncelovedwriting.Tomakesomemoney,she...towriteformagazinesdayandnight.”可知,这位母亲觉得是时候做出改变了,且她喜欢写作,所以为了赚钱,她开始为杂志撰稿了,began符合语境。故选D。【8题详解】句意:事情变得更好了。earlier更容易;faster更快;better更好;harder更艰难。根据下文“ThelocalfoodbankstartedtoprovideLucywithsomefreevegetableseverymonth.Hersonfinallyhadenoughfoodtoeat.”可知,当地的食物银行每个月会给Lucy提供免费的蔬菜,她的儿子终于能有足够的食物吃了,所以事情在变得更好。故选C。【9题详解】句意:有一次他告诉Lucy,她做的所有菜都好吃。dishes菜肴;dessert甜点;chicken鸡肉;salad沙拉。根据“shedecidedtoprepareabigmealforhim”和“allthe...shemadetasteddelicious”可知,此处应是表示Lucy做的所有菜肴都好吃。故选A。【10题详解】句意:为什么不在网上分享我的食谱呢?try尝试;improve改善;change改变;share分享。根据“Whynot...myrecipes(配方,食谱)ontheInternet?”和下文“Manypeoplelikedherrecipes”可知,此处应是表示在网上分享食谱。故选D。【11题详解】句意:从那时开始,她就经常这样做。finally最终;regularly经常地,定期地;politely有礼貌地;carelessly粗心地。根据上文“Then,anideacametoLucy’smind:‘Whynot...myrecipes(配方,食谱)ontheInternet?’”可知,从Lucy有了在网上分享食谱的想法开始,她就经常这样做了,即经常在分享食谱到网上。故选B。【12题详解】句意:很多人喜欢她的食谱,并且她变得出名了。dangerous危险的;comfortable舒适的;famous出名的;serious认真的,严肃的。根据“Manypeoplelikedherrecipes”可知,很多人喜欢Lucy的食谱,可推知有很多人知道Lucy,所以Lucy变得出名了。故选C。【13题详解】句意:不久之后,一些记者采访了她,请她写一本关于烹饪的书。working工作;cooking烹饪;teaching授课;shopping购物。根据上文“Manypeoplelikedherrecipes”可知,应是写一本关于烹饪的书。故选B。【14题详解】句意:当Lucy得到了她写的这本书的稿费时,她很开心。joke笑话;magazine杂志;poster海报;book书。根据上文“askedhertowriteabook”可知,应是收到了她写的那本书的稿费。故选D。【15题详解】句意:现在Lucy有一份高薪的工作和一间美丽的房子,但她永远会记住她为了过好的生活而努力工作的时光,并且她觉得所有这些艰苦的日子都是值得的。worked工作;studied学习;played玩;thought认为。结合全文可知,“she...hardforagoodlife”应是表示“Lucy为了过上好的生活而努力工作”。故选A。二、阅读理解(40分)2、1.A2.D3.D4.B5.C【解析】【导语】本文主要介绍了在2022年《开学第一课》这一热点信息。【1题详解】词句猜测题。分析“OntheeveningofSeptember1stin2022,alltheteachersandstudentsgathered(聚焦)inthecloudandhadthefirstclassofthisterm.”可知,2022年9月1日晚,全校师生齐聚云端,开始了本学期的第一堂课。因此猜测应该是在网上上课,故选A。【2题详解】细节理解题。根据“Withthetopicof‘Hardworkmakesdreamscometrue’,TheFirstLessonin2022wasdividedintothreeparts”可知,2022年《开学第一课》以“努力让梦想成真”为主题。故选D。【3题详解】段落大意题。根据“ThroughthestudyofTheFirstLessonoftheNewTerm,thechildrenhavefurtherimprovedtheirsenseofnationandtheirpersonalconfidence,andknowntheirresponsibilities(责任)aschildreninthenewera.”可知,通过《开学第一课》的学习,孩子们进一步提高了民族意识和个人自信心,认识到了作为新时代孩子的责任。所以本段介绍的是孩子们从《开学第一课》中学到的内容,故选D。【4题详解】篇章结构题。根据文章内容可知,第一段引出《开学第一课》的话题;第二、三段介绍嘉宾和学习《开学第一课》的意义;第四段进行总结,得出结论。故选B。【5题详解】推理判断题。本文主要介绍了在2022年《开学第一课》这一热点信息,所以推测可能在报纸的教育版块看到这篇文章。故选C。3、1.A2.B3.D4.C5.B【解析】【导语】本文主要讲述了家庭防火安全,包括遇到家庭火灾时该如何做,以及消防安全贴士等。【1题详解】细节理解题。根据“Ifthereisafire,youmayhavelessthan3minutestogetoutofyourhome.Bereadytoactquickly.”可知,如果发生火灾,可能只有不到三分钟的时间离开家。若是在早上6点57分,厨房里发生了火灾,那最好在7点前离开房子。故选A。【2题详解】细节理解题。根据“Ifyourclothescatchfire,DON’TRUNORWALK!Getdownontheground.Coveryourfaceandeyes.Roll(翻滚)overandoveruntiltheflamesareout.”可知,如果衣服着火了,要趴在地上,遮住脸和眼睛,在地上翻滚,直到火焰熄灭。选项B的图片与之对应。故选B。【3题详解】细节理解题。根据“TopTipsforFireSafety”下列的所有内容可知,消防安全贴士中并未提到“准备足够的水”。故选D。【4题详解】推理判断题。根据“Ifafireoccurs(发生)inyourhome,GETOUT,STAYOUTandCALLFORHELP.Nevergobackinsideforanything.Anddon’tusethelift.”及通读全文后可知,本文主要讲述了家庭防火安全,包括遇到家庭火灾时该如何做,以及消防安全贴士等。所以,如果家里发生火灾,我们就会知道该如何做。故选C。【5题详解】推理判断题。通读全文后可知,本文主要讲述了家庭防火安全,包括遇到家庭火灾时该如何做,以及消防安全贴士等。所以文章最有可能来自《健康与安全》。故选B。4、1.D2.B3.C4.D【解析】【导语】本文作者论述了释放自我提升能力的力量是在一切都变得最糟糕的时候,因此作者认为迎接生活中的变化,才能把它变得更好。享受释放自我提升能力的整个过程时,我们才会意识到我们开始变得轻松快乐。【1题详解】推理判断题。根据“Weseethewarningsignswhenthingsgetdifficult.”可知,第2段主要告诉我们,当事情变得艰难时,我们会看到警告信号。也就是说,我们在经历痛苦时才会吸取了教训。故选D。【2题详解】推理判断题。根据“Unlockingourself-improvementpowermeansunlockingourselvesoutoftheboxofthoughtthatisjustthewayweare.”可知,释放我们自我提升的力量意味着把我们自己从思维的盒子里解放出来。因此,要解决简的问题,要建议她把自己从思维的盒子里解放出来。故选B。【3题详解】观点态度题。根据“Happypeopledon’tjustacceptchange;theywelcomeit.”可知,快乐的人不仅仅接受改变;他们对此表示欢迎。也就是说,作者认为,如果你欢迎生活中的变化,你会让它变得更好。故选C。【4题详解】最佳标题题。通读全文可知,尤其是“Unlockingourself-improvementpowermeansunlockingourselvesoutoftheboxofthoughtthatisjustthewayweare.Itissuchapoorexcuseforpeoplewhofearchange.”以及最后一句“Andonlywhenweareenjoyingthewholeprocess(过程)ofunlockingoutself-improvementpower,wewillrealizethatwecantakethingslightandbecomehappy.”可知,作者认为享受释放自我提升能力的整个过程时,我们才会意识到我们开始变得轻松快乐,所以适合本文的标题是:是把我们自己从思想的盒子里打开还是留在里面?故选D。5、1.D2.D3.D【解析】【导语】本文主要介绍了学校花园对教育学生所起的作用。【1题详解】细节理解题。根据“StudentsatNo.2MiddleSchoolplantseedsinspring...lookafterthegardenuntilsummer.Theygetin(收获)thevegetablesinfall.”可知是在花园里工作三个季节。故选D。【2题详解】细节理解题。根据“Theschoolgivesawaythevegetablestoafoodbank.”可知学校把蔬菜捐给食品银行。故选D。【3题详解】细节理解题。根据“Teachersusethegardenstogivelessonsinscience,mathandmore.”可知老师利用花园教育学生。故选D。三、补全对话(10分)6、1.D2.F3.B4.A5.E【解析】【导语】本文主要是两人谈论了自己喜欢植物和动物的原因。【1题详解】根据“BecauseIthinktheycanmakemyhousemorebeautiful”可知此处询问喜欢植物的原因,选项D“你为什么喜欢它们”符合语境。故选D。【2题详解】根据“Yes,Ido”可知此处是以do开头的一般疑问句,选项F“你喜欢植物吗”符合语境。故选F。【3题详解】根据“Becausetheycanplaywithme”可知此处表示自己喜欢动物,选项B“但是我更喜欢动物”符合语境。故选B。【4题详解】根据“Becausetheycanplaywithme”可知动物可以和人一起玩,这很有趣,选项A“那一定很有趣”符合语境。故选A。【5题详解】根据“Everymorningandafternoon”可知此处询问什么时候和它们玩,选项E“你什么时候和它们一起玩”符合语境。故选E。四、短文填空(10分)7、1.visited2.a3.first4.photos5.happily6.of7.that8.wonderful9.herself10.more【解析】【导语】本文主要介绍了凯茜和父母参加的中国美食节的情况。【1题详解】句意:她从六岁起就参观了许多中国的博物馆。visit“参观”,此处用过去分词和has构成现在完成时。故填visited。【2题详解】句意:今年,她的父母带她参加了一个中国美食节。此处泛指“一个美食节”,Chinese以辅音音素开头,用不定冠词a。故填a。【3题详解】句意:他们首先参观了饮食文化展。由语境可知,此处指“首先”,用副词first。故填fist。【4题详解】句意:凯茜拍了很多照片。alotof后加名词复数photos“照片”。故填photos。【5题详解】句意:然后凯茜和父母一起快乐地去了菜市场。此处修饰动词went用副词happily“开心地”。故填happily。【6题详解】句意:菜市场上摆满了各种各样的食物。befullof“充满”。故填of。【7题详解】句意:食物太美味了,凯茜吃得太多了。根据“sodelicious...Cathyatetoomuch”可知此处是结构soadj.that...“如此……以至于”。故填that。【8题详解】句意:这真是美好的一天。修饰名词day用形容词wonderful“极好的”。故填wonderful。【9题详解】句意:凯茜真的玩得很开心。enjoyoneself“玩得开心”,此处用反身代词herself。故填herself。【10题详解】句意:中国食物比其他食物更美味。根据“than”可知此处用比较级more。故填more。五、语法填空(10分)8、1.totry2.so3.an4.thousands5.back6.wasmoved7.earlier8.naturally9.their10.between【解析】【导语】本文主要讲述了作者和父亲回到家乡品尝很受欢迎的淄博烧烤,父亲跟作者分享了烧烤背后的故事。【1题详解】句意:上周,我和父亲回到我的家乡淄博品尝淄博烧烤。此处在句中表示目的,用动词不定式形式,故填totry。【2题详解】句意:最近,当地的食物变得如此受欢迎,以至于全中国的人都去那里品尝。根据“thelocalfoodhasbecome...popularthatpeoplealloverChinatraveltheretotasteit”可知,此处是so...that...结构,意为“如此……以致于……”。故填so。【3题详解】句意:在去淄博的路上,父亲给我讲了一个不寻常的故事。此处泛指一个故事,unusual首字母发元音音素,故填an。【4题详解】句意:去年新冠肺炎疫情期间,成千上万的大学生被困在淄博。thousandsof“成千上万的”,固定短语,故填thousands。【5题详解】句意:政府官员还邀请学生们在春天到来的时候再来淄博。comeback“返回”,为固定短语。故填back。【6题详解】句意:当我听到这句话时,我很感动。本句主语是动作的承受者,动作发生在过去,用一般过去时的被动语态,主语是单数,be动词用was。故填wasmoved。【7题详解】句意:我父亲提前两天预订了一张桌子。根据“Myfatherhadbookedatabletwodays...”可知提前两天订桌,应用early比较级earlier,故填earlier。【8题详解】句意:但我们只是自然地谈论日常生活,一起唱歌。此处在句中修饰动词,用副词形式。故填naturally。【9题详解】句意:一些当地人甚至在听说没有足够的座位时推迟了他们的订单。此处在句中作定语修饰“orders”,用形容词性物主代词。故填their。【10题详解】句意:是政府和大学生之间的承诺吗?根据“Isitthepromise...thegovernmentandthecollegestudents?”可知是政府和大学生之间,between“在……之间”符合语境。故填between。六、阅读表达(10分)9、1.Weshouldteachsubjectsthattechnologyisnotgoodat.2.Theyshouldimagineandcreatethings.3.GoogleorBaidusimplyprovidesknowledge,ChatGPTgoesastepfurtherandanalyzesasearchbeforeprovidingonlyana

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