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论东西方龙的文化差异.doc

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论东西方龙的文化差异.doc

本本科毕业论文本科毕业生论文THECULTURALDIFFERENCESBETWEENEASTANDWESTONDRAGON论东西方龙的文化差异院系人文社会科学系专业英语学生姓名学号指导教师2008年6月本本科毕业论文ICONTENTSACKNOWLEDGEMENTSIABSTRACTII摘要III1INTRODUCTION12THECULTURESINTHEEASTANDWESTONDRAGON521THECULTURESINTHEEASTONDRAGON5211CHINESEDRAGON5212CHINESEDRAGONINPOPULARCULTURE622THECULTURESINTHEWESTONDRAGON9221DRAGONINTHEWESTERNCULTURE9222THEBIBLE103THECULTURALDIFFERENCESBETWEENTHEEASTANDWESTONDRAGON1131THECONTRASTABOUTTHEORIGINOFDRAGON1232THECONTRASTABOUTTHEHISTORYOFDRAGON1433THECONTRASTABOUTLEGENDSONTHEDRAGON16331LEGENDOFTHEYELLOWEMPEROR16332LEGENDOFTHECARP1634MENTIONSOFTHECULTURALDIFFERENCESONDRAGONSINTHEBIBLE174THEREASONSFORTHECULTURALDIFFERENCES225CONCLUSION25REFERENCES27本本科毕业论文IIACKNOWLEDGEMENTSIWOULDLIKETOEXPRESSMYSINCEREGRATITUDETOMYSUPERVISORMRZHOUCHANGJUNWHOHASADVISEDANDENCOURAGEDMEDURINGTHEWHOLEPROCESSOFWRITINGTHEPAPER,SHOWINGGREATPATIENCEANDINSIGHTWITHOUTHERGUIDANCETHETHESISWOULDBESIMPLYIMPOSSIBLELIKEWISE,MYSINCERETHANKSSHOULDBEALSOGIVENTOTHETEACHERSWHOHAVEINSTRUCTEDMYCOURSESANDWHOHAVEOFFEREDMEGREATHELPDURINGMYSTUDYINWANFANGINSTITUTEOFSCIENCEANDTECHNOLOGY,HENANPOLYTECHNICUNIVERSITYTHEYARELIAIQIN,PANGMIXIANG,YANLIGE,HUOHONGTAO,LIMINGXIN,LIDONGFENG,ZHUBAOFENG,YANGGUOQI,ANDCHANGJIANRUOIWOULDALSOLIKETOEXPRESSMYHEARTFELTGRATITUDETOMYFRIENDSFORTHEIRKINDHELPTHEYAREMYBROTHERSFOREVERLASTBUSTNOTLEAST,HEARTYTHANKSSHOULDBECONVEYEDTOALLTHEAUTHORSFROMWHOMIHAVECITEDINTHISTHESISMYHEARTFELTTHANKSALSOGOTOMYPARENTSFORTHEIRGREATLOVEANDEARNESTCONCERNFORME本本科毕业论文IIIABSTRACTTHEREAREMANYCULTURALDIFFERENCESBETWEENEASTANDWEST,ANDTHEDRAGONCULTURALDIFFERENCESAREONEOFTHEMEASTERNPEOPLETHINKTHATTHEDRAGONISHOLYANDMASCOT,BUTWESTERNPEOPLETHINKTHATTHEDRAGONISEVILORNOTGOODCREATURE,SOTHEDIFFERENCESVIEWSOFTENMAKEOURCOMMUNICATIONINTHESTATEOFTENSIONIFWEDONOTKNOWSOMETHINGABOUTTHEMINTHISTHESISIWILLTALKABOUTTHEEASTDRAGONANDTHEWESTDRAGONATLASTIWILLCONTRASTTHEDIFFERENCESABOUTITIWILLQUOTESOMEAGEOLDLEGENDETOTALKTHEDRAGONHOWTOCOMEINTOBEINGPEOPLE’SMIND,ANDAFFECTPEOPLE’SACTIONWECANNOTDENYANYOFTHECULTURESEVERYNATIONHASITSOWNCHARACTERISTICSANDIT’SMAINLYTHROUGHITSCULTURETHATWEFIRSTBEGINTOKNOWTHENATIONANDITSCHARACTERISTICSSOWECANNOTSAYTHATTHISCULTUREORCUSTOMISRIGHTANDTHATISWRONGEQUALRESPECTSHOULDBEATTACHEDTOEVERYCULTUREINTHEWORLD,EVENTOTHOSETHATARENOTINEXISTENCEANYMOREWESHOULDGETTOLEARNHOWTOCOORDINATETHEDIFFERENTCULTURESWESAYTHEWORLDISBECOMINGSMALLERANDSMALLERMOREFOREIGNERSCOMEANDGOEVERYDAYWHENITISINTHESAMECOUNTRY,THESAMECITY,THESAMENEIGHBORHOOD,THECULTURALCOLLISIONISEXPECTEDTOBEMORESERIOUSSOWESHOULDTRYTOAVOIDTHISHAPPENINGONEIMPORTANTTHINGISTOGETSOMEBASICKNOWLEDGEABOUTTHEOTHERCULTURESSOASNOTTOMISUNDERSTANDSOMEACTIONSORHABITSOFTHEFOREIGNERSKEYWORDSDRAGON;BEOLWULF;THEBIBLE;RIAN;CHINESENEWYEAR;IMPERIALAUTHORITY本本科毕业论文IV中西方龙的文化差异摘要东方和西方国家存在着很多文化的差异,然而龙的文化差异只是其中的一种差异,东方人认为龙是神圣不可亵渎的,然而在西方的文化中龙却又扮演着另外一个角色,西方有的人认为龙是不好的是邪恶的,是有魔法的,如果我们不清楚这种文化差异,在我们同西方的客人交谈之中会产生各种各样的问题。在本文当中我涉及到了东西方龙的文化知识并进行了对比,同时引用一些古老的传说来说明文化在人们大脑中是如何形成的,如何来影响人们的行为。我们不能去否认任何文化,每一种文化都有自己的特点,文化本身没有对错好坏之分,我们能做的就是尊重彼此之间的文化。我们应该学习如何合作面对不同的文化差异,我们说现在世界越来越小了,许多外国人来往穿梭于每一天。当我们生活在同一个国家,同一个城市,甚至邻居,文化冲突就是一个很严重的问题了。唯一的办法就是我们要学习一些其他文化的知识,这样不至于造成误解和不理解外国人的行为和习惯。关键词龙;贝奥武甫;圣经;雨水;中国新年;皇权。本科毕业论文11INTRODUCTIONTHECSHAPEDJADEDRAGONOFHONGSHANCULTUREISCONSIDEREDTHEPROTOTYPEOFCHINESEDRAGONTHEORIGINOFCHINESEDRAGONISNOTCERTAIN,BUTMANYSCHOLARSAGREETHATITORIGINATEDFROMTOTEMSOFDIFFERENTTRIBESINCHINASOMEHAVESUGGESTEDTHATITCOMESFROMASTYLIZEDDEPICTIONOFEXISTINGANIMALS,SUCHASSNAKES,FISH,ORCROCODILESFOREXAMPLE,THEBANPOSITEOFTHEYANGSHAOCULTUREINSHANXIFEATUREDANELONGATED,SNAKELIKEFISHMOTIFTOBETHELOCATIONOFTHEDRAGONGATETHISLEGENDISUSEDASANALLEGORYFORTHEDRIVEANDEFFORTNEEDEDTOOVERCOMEOBSTACLESANDACHIEVESUCCESSJADECARVEDDRAGONGARMENTORNAMENTFROMTHEWARRINGSTATESPERIOD403BC221BCANALTERNATIVEVIEW,ADVOCATEDBYHEXIN,ISTHATTHEEARLYDRAGONDEPICTEDASPECIESOFCROCODILESPECIFICALLY,CROCODYLUSPOROSUS,ANANCIENT,GIANTCROCODILETHECROCODILEISKNOWNTOBEABLETOACCURATELYSENSECHANGESINAIRPRESSURE,ANDBEABLETOSENSECOMINGRAINTHISMAYHAVEBEENTHEORIGINOFTHEDRAGON’SMYTHICALATTRIBUTESINCONTROLLINGTHEWEATHER,ESPECIALLYTHERAININADDITION,THEREISEVIDENCEOFCROCODILEWORSHIPINANCIENTBABYLONIAN,INDIAN,ANDMAYANCIVILIZATIONSTHEASSOCIATIONWITHTHECROCODILEISALSOSUPPORTEDBYTHEVIEWINANCIENTTIMESTHATLARGECROCODILESAREAVARIETYOFDRAGONFOREXAMPLE,INTHESTORYOFZHOUCHU,ABOUTTHELIFEOFAJINDYNASTYWARRIOR,HEISSAIDTOHAVEKILLEDA“DRAGON”THATINFESTEDTHEWATERSOFHISHOMEVILLAGE,WHICHAPPEARSTOHAVEBEENACROCODILE本科毕业论文2OTHERSHAVEPROPOSEDTHATITSSHAPEISTHEMERGEROFTOTEMSOFVARIOUSTRIBESASTHERESULTOFTHEMERGEROFTRIBESTHECOILEDSNAKEORDRAGONFORMPLAYEDANIMPORTANTROLEINEARLYCHINESECULTURELEGENDARYFIGURESLIKENWA,FUXIAREPICTEDASHAVINGSNAKEBODIESSOMESCHOLARSREPORTTHATTHEFIRSTLEGENDARYEMPEROROFCHINAHUANGDIYELLOWEMPERORUSEDASNAKEFORHISCOATOFARMSEVERYTIMEHECONQUEREDANOTHERTRIBE,HEINCORPORATEDHISDEFEATEDENEMY’SEMBLEMINTOHISOWNTHATEXPLAINSWHYTHEDRAGONAPPEARSTOHAVEFEATURESOFVARIOUSANIMALS“COILEDDRAGON”FORMSHAVEBEENATTRIBUTEDTOTHEHONGSHANCULTUREWHYTHEHONGSHANPEOPLES“COILED”THEIRDRAGONMOTIFSWHILEOTHERCULTURESDIDNOTPOSSIBLYTHESLEEPINGDINOSAURFOSSILMAYOFFERASUGGESTION,BECAUSEITWASDISCOVEREDWITHINTHESAMEPROVINCE,LIAONINGPERHAPSHONGSHANPEOPLESFOUNDADDITIONAL“SLEEPINGDINOSAUR”FOSSILSTHEREISNODIRECTCONNECTIONBETWEENTHEEASTDRAGONANDTHEWESTERNDRAGONINEUROPEANFOLKLORE,ADRAGONISASERPENTINELEGENDARYCREATURETHELATINWORDDRACO,ASINCONSTELLATIONDRACO,COMESDIRECTLYFROMGREEKΔΡΆΚΩΝ,DRKŌN,GAZERTHEWORDFORDRAGONINGERMANICMYTHOLOGYANDITSDESCENDANTSISWORMOLDENGLISHWYRM,OLDHIGHGERMANWURM,OLDNORSEORMR,MEANINGSNAKEORSERPENTINOLDENGLISHWYRMMEANS“SERPENT”,DRACAMEANS“DRAGON”REDFINNISHLOHIKRMEMEANSDIRECTLY“SALMONSNAKE”,BUTTHEWORDLOHIWASORIGINALLYLOUHIMEANINGCRAGSORROCKS,A“MOUNTAINSNAKE”THOUGHAWINGEDCREATURE,THEDRAGONISGENERALLYTOBEFOUNDINITSUNDERGROUNDLAIR,ACAVETHATIDENTIFIESITASANANCIENTCREATUREOFEARTHLIKELY,THEDRAGONSOFEUROPEANANDMIDEASTERNMYTHOLOGY

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