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【初中英语导学案】冀教版八年级第二学期英语学科导学案.doc

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【初中英语导学案】冀教版八年级第二学期英语学科导学案.doc

1八年级StudentBook4英语导学案(冀教版)Unit1SpringIsComingLesson1WhatstheWeatherLike学习目标知识目标掌握的词汇及短语rather,shower,rise,set.识别的词汇及短语thunder,storm,sunrise,sunset.能力目标学会用英语谈论天气和温度。重点及难点询问天气及温度的问和答2Whatstheweatherliketoday/HowistheweathertodayItiscool/cold/hot/warm/sunny/cloudy/rainy/snowy/windy/fineWhatsthetemperatureItisdegrees.一、预习导读Ⅰ.正确发音并理解、背诵单词、短语学习指导1.showern阵雨,淋浴v下阵雨点拨Takeashower意为淋浴活学活用1Healways_ashowerbeforehegoestobed.2Thelittleboyis__ashowernow.AtakeBdoCtakingDdoing2.risevi上升﹙日,月等﹚从地平线上升起联想1.Everyoneknowsthatthesun_﹙rise﹚intheeastand__﹙set﹚inthewest.2.WhenIwasyoung,mygrandfathertoldmethatthesun__﹙rise﹚intheeast.3.bescaredof害怕点拨此词组后跟n,代词,动名词,与beafraidof意思相近,但bescaredof比beafraidof所表达的害怕程度更深。拓展Bescaredtodosth.害怕做某事,不敢做某事。相当于beafraidtodosth.例如Sheisscared/afraidtogooutaloneatnight.晚上她不敢一个人出去。活学活用根据汉语意思完成句子我害怕野生动物。Iwildanimals.2我吓得不敢接电话。Imscaredthephone.用所给提示词翻译句子她不害怕在公众场合说英语。(bescared,inpublic)4makesb.dosth使(让)某人做某事(1)makesb.n.意为让(使)某人成为(2)makesb.adj.意为让(使)某人3makeit意为及时到达赶上。活学活用(1)那支曲子使我想跳舞。Thatpieceofmusictodance.2那部电影使她成为一名明星。Thatmovie.3看到孩子们受那样的对待,我非常生气。Seeingchildrenbeingtreatedlikethatmevery.Ⅱ.能读懂文章并尝试背诵学习指导whatstheweatherliketoday今天天气怎么样3点拨whatstheweatherliketoday是用来询问天气的一个常用句子,还可以表达为Howistheweathertoday回答该问句通常用Itsfine/sunny/cloudy/rainy/windy.天气很好/晴朗/多云/有雨/有雪/有风。()Itssunny.WhatsthetemperatureHowistheweatherliketodayWhatdayisittodayWhatstheweatherliketodayWhatsthetemperature气温是多少度点拨用来询问温度时的常用语,回答时用Its数词degrees.WhatsthetemperaturetodayItsabouttwenty.A.piecesB.degreesC.kilosD.meters3.Itsrathercooltoday,isntit今天相当冷,不是吗点拨rather的用法用于形容词和副词前。例如Thebookisratherlong.这本书有点长。用于比较级前。例如Thishotelisrathercheaperthanthatone.这家旅馆比那家便宜得多。用于too之前。例如Thequestionisrathertoodifficult.这个问题未免太难了。Shefellandhurtherlegbadly.A.verymuchB.muchC.ratherD.many4.Therewillbesomeshowersthisafternoon.今天下午有阵雨。点拨该句是Therebe句型的一般将来时。Therewillbe也可写成Thereis/aregoingtobe例如Thereis/aregoingtobeanimportantmeetingtomorrow.明天有一个重要的会议。()1DoyouknowareportonEnglishlearningtomorrowmorningA.isthereB.thereisgoingtohaveC.willtherebeD.thereisgoingtobe2Howstheweathertomorrow,JennyIhearthereisgoingtoasnowstorm.A.haveB.beC.isD.has5.Ihopenot我希望不是这样。点拨习惯上不说Idonthopeso.它的肯定表达方式为Ihopeso.拓展类似的表达有Imafraidso.恐怕是这样。Imafraidnot.恐怕不是这样。Ithinkso.我认为是这样。Idontthinkso.我认为不是这样。活学活用1Lookatthedarkcloudsitsgoingtorainsoon..Itsbeensodryformonths.Manytreeshavedied.A.IhopesoB.IhopenotC.IdliketoD.Ofcoursenot2Doyouthinktherainwillstoptomorrow.Ithasrainedfortendays.Itstooweteverywhere.4A.IhopenotB.ImsureitisC.ImafraiditwillD.Ihopeso我不懂的地方还有Ⅲ、根据课文设计情景对话二、教学过程Ⅰ、热身(Dailyreport)Ⅱ、检查预习单词发音纠错合作交流听磁带跟读Ⅲ、展示点拨Ⅳ、分层训练Ⅰ.英汉互译1.日出2.淋浴3.set4.stormⅡ.用所给单词的适当形式填空1.Therewillbesomeshowerthisevening.2.Areyouscareofsnakes3.InBritainthesunsetmuchlaterinsummerthaninwinter.4.Itsfifteendegree.Ⅲ.单项选择1.Tomysurprise,hedidbetterthistime.A.fewB.veryC.lessD.rather2.Whatstheweatherliketoday.A.TendegreesB.SnowyC.IdontknowD.Therearesomeclouds3.Whatsthetemperature.A.RainyB.OnedegreeC.AcolddayD.TherewillberainⅤ、拓展延伸归纳反思我学到的知识有存在的模糊点有Lesson2ItsGettingWarmer学习目标知识目标掌握的词汇及短语become,fact识别的词汇及短语daylight,melt,lightning,fascinating能力目标学会用英语问,答日期,并能简单的描述春天的现象。重点及难点有关日期的问和答Whatsthedatetoday5ItisMarchtwentyfirst./ItisMarch21st./ItisMarch21.WhatdayisittodayItisSunday/Monday/Tuesday/Wednesday/Thursday/Friday/Saturday.一、预习导读Ⅰ.正确发音并理解、背诵单词、短语Ⅱ.能读懂文章并尝试背诵QuestionWhendoesspringbeginWhendoestheweatherbecomewarmerinyourhometownⅢ、根据课文设计情景对话学习指导1.tooadv.也辨析too,also与eithertoo用于肯定句中,通常位于句尾,也可以用于疑问句,前面加逗号隔开。例如她也喜欢中国。ShelikesChina,.also通常置于be动词、情态动词或助动词之后、实意动词之前,既可用于肯定句,也可用疑问句中。例如她也喜欢中国。ShelikesChina.either只用于否定句,置于句尾,用法与too相同。例如珍妮也不在那儿。Jennyisnotthere,.活学活用格林夫人也能用汉语唱这首歌。Mrs.GreencansingthesonginChinese.我也在第一排。IminRow1,.ImnotsurewhattogetmomforherbirthdaOh,Ivenoidea,.A.tooB.neitherC.eitherD.also2.betweenprep.在之间点拨常用于固定搭配betweenand意思是在和之间。辨析between与amongbetween主要指两者之间,其宾语往往是表示两者的名词或代词,或者是and连接的两个人或物among用于三者或三者以上的在中间。活学活用Theyplantedmanytrees在之间thetwobuilding.Peter,canyoutellmethedifferencesthefourwordsSorry,Idontknow.A.betweenB.amongC.for3.goup上升上涨提高增加联想其同义词是rise。与godown与set意思相反例如Thesungoesup/risesintheeastandgoesdown/setsinthewest.4.Itsgettingwarmer天气变暖和了。get作变,变得讲时,是系动词,与become变得用法相同,其后常跟形容词,构成系表结构。如Whenspringcomes,thedaygetlongerandthenightsgetshorter.当春天到来时,白天变长,黑夜变短Thedaysgetlongerandlonger.白天变得越来越长。6扩充常见的系动词有get变得,become变得,turn变,look看起来,sound听起来,smell闻起来,taste尝起来,seem看起来。5.Thatsright.对了。注意与Thatsallright.的区别。Thatsallright.相当于ThatsOK./Youarewelcome./Notatall.意思是没关系,不用谢,用来回答Thanks.6.WhenisitdaylightWhenthesunisup.白天是什么时候当太阳升起的时候。when作特殊疑问词,意为什么时候用做连词,意为当时候,用来引导一个时间状语从句。此句中,第一个when是____________,第二个when为________。Whendoyouusuallygotoschool你通常什么时候上学Whenwegotthere,theywerehavingameeting.当我们到那儿时,他们正在开会7.Inearlyspring,itsometimessnows.初春时,天有时下雪。sometimesattimes有时,可位于句首,句中或句末。置于句首时起强调作用。区别sometime,sometime,sometimes和sometimes.sometime在某时,通常用于将来时。如Theywillvisitourschoolsometimenextweek.下周某个时候他们要来参观我们学校sometime一段时间,一些时间.如HehasstayedinShanghaiforsometime.他已经在上海呆了一段时间。sometimes有时,频度副词.Theysometimesgotoschoolonfoot.他们有时步行去学校。sometimes几次,几倍,time在此是可数名词,意思是次,倍。ShehasbeentoBeijingforsometimes.她去过北京几次。8.Butthesnowmeltsquicklyinthewarmsun.但雪在温暖的阳光下很快融化。inthesun为固定词组,意思是在阳光下Dontreadinthesun.Itsbadforyoureyes.不要在阳光下看书,那对你的眼睛有害。Thefarmersareworkinginthesun.农民正在阳光下劳动。9.Thundermakesaloudnoise.雷发出很大的声响。makealoudnoise发出很大的声响makeanoise吵闹,制造噪音。※扩充noise,voice,sound与shout这四个单词都有声音的意思。voice指嗓音,指人说话或唱歌的声音,有时也可指鸟叫的声音。如Hervoiceisverynice.她的嗓音优美。sound指人所能听到的各种各样的声音。如Hecannothearanysound.他一点声音都听不见。noise指噪音,吵闹声,用来指不悦耳的声音,常见的词组有makeanoise.Dontmakeanynoise,children.孩子们,别吵了。shout意思是呼喊,喊叫,常用词组有shoutat/tosb.朝某人喊叫Sheshouts,becareful她喊到小心。Dontshoutatme.不要朝我大声喊叫。我不懂的地方还有7二、教学过程Ⅰ、热身(Dailyreport)Ⅱ、复习检测根据句意及首字母提示写出单词1.DidyoulistentotheweatherreportYes,itsrhottoday.Its36degrees.2.Shasthesamemeaningasgodown.3.Afterthes,wesawalotofleavesandbrokenbranchesontheground.4.Thesunwasrwhenwereachedtheschool.5.Weallheartheterriblet.6.Therewillbea阵雨tomorrow.7.Itsexcitingtosee日出onthetopofMountEmei.8.Im害怕ofsnakes.9.BequietLetslistentothe天气report.10.Everyeveningat日落mymotherisreadyforsupper.Ⅲ、检查预习单词发音纠错合作交流听磁带跟读Ⅳ、分层训练Ⅰ.英汉互译1.白昼2.事实,真相3.上升4.发出很大的声响Ⅱ.用too,also,either填空1.Illgotoseethefilm,.2.Ifyoudontcomehere,Iwont,.3.Illhelphim.4.JackcanspeakChinese,andhisbrothercando.5.Heisnotthere,.Ⅲ.单项选择1.WhatsthedatetodayIts.A.January31B.January31stC.thethirtyfirstofJanuaryD.alloftheabove2.ManyshowthatweheldtheOlympicssuccessfully.A.factB.factsC.newsD.message3.Theweathercolderandcolderinfall.A.goB.goingC.getsD.getting4.Dontmakemuch.Thebabyissleeping.A.shoutB.noiseC.voiceD.sound5.WhendoesyourmothergoshoppingUsuallySundaymorning.A.onB.inC.atD.forⅤ、拓展延伸归纳反思

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