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锤式制砖原料粉碎机设计说明书[带图纸].doc

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锤式制砖原料粉碎机设计说明书[带图纸].doc

JIANGXIAGRICULTURALUNIVERSITY本科毕业论文(设计)题目锤式制砖原料粉碎机的设计学院工学院姓名黄立亮学号20080957专业机械设计制造及其自动化年级四年级指导教师张庐陵职称教授二○一二年五月目录摘要..................................................................2Abstract..................................................................................................................................................5第1章绪论......................................................................................................................................61.1锤式粉碎机的工作原理及其应用.........................................................................................61.1.1锤式粉碎机的工作原理..............................................................................................61.1.2锤式粉碎机的应用......................................................................................................61.2锤式粉碎机的类型...............................................................................................................21.3粉碎机的特点............................................................................................................................21.3.1粉碎机的优点.................................................................................................................21.3.2锤式粉碎机的缺点.........................................................................................................2第2章锤式粉碎机的主体构造..................................................................................................22.1机架.......................................................................................................................................22.2转子.......................................................................................................................................32.3破碎轴...................................................................................................................................32.4托板和衬板...........................................................................................................................32.5密封防尘装置.........................................................................................................................3第3章锤式粉碎机的结构参数和工作参数的选择和计算..............................................43.1基本结构参数的计算与选择...............................................................................................43.1.1转子的直径和长度......................................................................................................43.2主要工作参数的计算...........................................................................................................43.2.1转子速度......................................................................................................................43.2.2生产率..........................................................................................................................53.2.3电机功率......................................................................................................................53.2.4转子转速与锤头重量..................................................................................................6第4章锤式粉碎机主要零件的设计计算.............................................................................84.1主轴的相关设计、计算与校核...........................................................................................84.1.1主轴的设计..................................................................................................................84.1.2主轴的强度校核........................................................................................................104.1.3键的强度校核............................................................................................................144.2锤架.......................................................................................................................................144.3锤头.......................................................................................................................................154.4锤头的打击平衡计算..............................................................................................................164.5飞轮的计算与设计.............................................................................................................194.5.1飞轮..........................................................................................................................204.6破碎轴的计算与设计.........................................................................................................204.6.1破碎轴......................................................................................................................214.7轴承计算与选择.................................................................................................................21第5章锤式破碎机的主体结构设计....................................................................................225.1机架.....................................................................................................................................225.2反击板.................................................................................................................................235.3圆盘锤架.............................................................................................................................245.4滚动轴承.............................................................................................................................24第6章锤式粉碎机的操作和维修.........................................................................................256.1锤式粉碎机的基本操作法.................................................................................................256.1.2启动操作的注意事项................................................................................................256.1.3停车注意事项............................................................................................................266.2安全操作技术.....................................................................................................................266.2.1保持保护装置和报警装置的完好............................................................................266.2.2操作和检修时应注意事项........................................................................................266.3锤式破碎机的维修保养法.................................................................................................276.3.1润滑............................................................................................................................276.3.2巡回检查和日常维护................................................................................................27结论................................................................................................................................................27参考文献................................................................................................................................................28致谢........................................................................................................................................................29摘要制砖原材料的粉碎是砖坯生产过程中的关键工序,随着科学技术的不断发展,以及市场需求的变化,各行各业也起着日新月异的变化,锤式粉碎机可将制砖用原材料经过粉碎后达到制砖粒度的要求。本设计提出的锤式制砖原料粉碎机适用于页岩、煤矸石等制砖原材料的粉碎精选处理。我所设计的制砖原料粉碎机是在原通用设备的基础上通过革新改进、现场观察后完善研制而成的一种新型粉碎设备。其特点是结构合理,性能可靠,锤头采用高耐磨性和韧性的高锰材料铸造并经热处理工艺,可调整使用最大四次角面。主轴密封性良好。筛体采用破碎轴形式单独设计,更换方便、维修便利、出料利落、不易赌塞,可确保整条生产线其他设备正常工作,达到机械设备设计产量要求,是砖瓦生产过程中的理想配套设备。这次我所设计锤式粉碎机是单转子的、不可逆的、多排的、带铰接锤头的粉碎机。关键词制砖原料、锤式、转子、粉碎机AbstractBrickmakingrawmaterialgrindingisthekeyprocedureofbrickproduction,alongwiththecontinuousdevelopmentofscienceandtechnology,aswellasthechangeofmarketdemand,alltradesandprofessionsalsoplaysachangerapidlychanges,hammercrushercanbeforbrickmakingrawmaterialsthroughcrushingtobricksizerequirements.Thedesignofthehammertypecrusherissuitableforrawmaterialformakingbrickshale,coalganguebrickmakingrawmaterialcrushingselectionprocessing.Idesignedthebrickrawmaterialmillisintheoriginaluniversalequipmentonthebasisofinnovation,throughonsiteobservationaftertheperfectdevelopmentofanewtypecrushingequipment.Itscharacteristicsarereasonablestructure,reliableperformance,hammerwithhighwearresistanceandtoughnessofhighmanganesecastmaterialandtheheattreatmentprocess,canbeadjustedusingthemaximumfourangleface.Mainshaftsealofgood.Thesievebodyadoptsthecrushingshaftsformaseparatedesign,convenientreplacement,repairfacilities,dischargingagile,noteasytojam,canensurethattheentireproductionlineandotherequipmentwasworkingproperly,achievesthemachineryandequipmentdesignandproductionrequirements,isthebrickandtileproductionprocessequipmentsupportingtheideal.ThistimeIdesignahammercrusherisasinglerotor,irreversible,multiplerows,withahingedhammercrusher.KeywordsRawmaterialformakingbrick、Hammertype、Rotor、Pulverizer

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