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外文翻译-一个工艺设计的制造资源基于聚类的造型方案 英文版.pdf

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外文翻译-一个工艺设计的制造资源基于聚类的造型方案 英文版.pdf

ORIGINALARTICLEACLUSTERINGBASEDMODELINGSCHEMEOFTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESFORPROCESSPLANNINGHUANMINXUDONGBOLIRECEIVED12DECEMBER2006/ACCEPTED30APRIL2007/PUBLISHEDONLINE14JUNE2007SPRINGERVERLAGLONDONLIMITED2007ABSTRACTPROCESSPLANNINGDETERMINESHOWAPRODUCTISTOBEMANUFACTUREDAND,THEREFORE,ISONEOFTHEKEYELEMENTSINTHEMANUFACTURINGPROCESSTHEBASICCRUXOFCOMPUTERAIDEDPROCESSPLANNINGCAPP,HOWEVER,ISTHEDIVERSITYOFMANUFACTURINGBACKGROUNDANDTHECOMPLEXITYOFPROCESSPLANNINGSINCETHEPROCESSPLANSAREGENERATEDONDEMANDWITHTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESONASHOPFLOOR,MODELINGMETHODOFTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESISONEOFMOSTIMPORTANTISSUESINCOMPUTERAIDEDPROCESSPLANNINGHENCE,THEMAJOROBJECTIVEOFTHISRESEARCHISTOCREATEACLUSTERINGBASEDMODELINGSCHEMEOFTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESFORPROCESSPLANNINGTHISMODELINGSCHEMECOMBINESCLUSTERINGMETHODWITHAVERAGINGMETHODSOASTOREASONABLYPARTITIONANDCLASSIFYTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESONASHOPFLOORTHEPROPOSEDAPPROACHPROVIDESONEOFSEARCHSTRATEGIESOFMACHINETOOLSFORPROCESSPLANNING,ESPECIALLYFORTHESELECTIONOFMACHINETOOLSFINALLY,ANILLUSTRATIVEEXAMPLEISAPPLIEDTODESCRIBETHECLUSTERINGBASEDMODELINGSCHEMEKEYWORDSPROCESSPLANNINGCLUSTERINGSIMILARITYCOMPUTERAIDEDPROCESSPLANNINGCAPP1INTRODUCTIONPROCESSPLANNINGDETERMINESHOWAPRODUCTISTOBEMANUFACTUREDITIS,THUS,THEMOSTIMPORTANTTASKINPRODUCTIONPREPARATIONSANDTHEFOUNDATIONOFALLPRODUCTIONACTIVITIESINTHEPAST,THEPROCESSPLANNINGACTIVITYHASTRADITIONALLYBEENEXPERIENCEBASEDANDHASBEENPERFORMEDMANUALLYBYHUMANPROCESSPLANNERSWITHOUTCOMPUTERINVOLVEDINITMANUALPROCESSPLANNING,HOWEVER,INVOLVESSOMEPROBLEMSFORINSTANCEASLACKOFSKILLEDPLANNERS,INCONSISTENCYOFPROCESSPLANSDUETOVARIABILITYAMONGTHEPLANNERS’JUDGEMENTANDEXPERIENCE,LOWEFFICIENCYINPLANGENERATION,SLOWRESPONSETOTHECHANGESINPRACTICALMANUFACTURINGENVIRONMENT,ANDSOONTOALLEVIATETHESEPROBLEMS,ACOMPUTERAIDEDAPPROACHHASBEENTAKENSINCETHEIDEAOFUSINGCOMPUTERSINPROCESSPLANNINGACTIVITYWASDISCUSSEDBYNIEBEL1,NOTABLEEFFORTSHAVEBEENMADETOWARDTHEFIELDOFAUTOMATEDPROCESSPLANNINGOTHEREARLYINVESTIGATIONSONTHEFEASIBILITYOFAUTOMATEDPROCESSPLANNINGCANBEFOUNDINSHECKANDBERRA2,3TOPERFORMPROCESSPLANNINGAUTOMATICALLYONACOMPUTERORTOINTEGRATECAD/CAPP/CAM,MOREANDMORERESEARCHERSANDENGINEERSHAVEDEVOTEDTHEIRATTENTIONTODIFFERENTASPECTSOFCAPPINTHEPASTFEWDECADESINRECENTYEARS,CAPPHASBEENRECOGNIZEDASAKEYELEMENTINCOMPUTERINTEGRATEDMANUFACTURINGCIMTHEMAJORITYOFTHERESEARCHFOCUSESONSOMEPROBLEMSOFCAPPSUCHASPARTFEATURESRECOGNITIONOREXTRACTION4–15,PROCESSKNOWLEDGEREPRESENTATION16–21,PROCESSREASONINGANDINFERENCE22–26,ANDTHELIKETHISRESEARCHHASENHANCEDTHEDIVERSITYOFTHEKNOWLEDGEREPRESENTATIONANDINFERENCEAPPROACHESINPROCESSPLANNINGANDIMPROVEDTHEPERFORMANCEOFCAPPSYSTEMS,TODIFFERENTEXTENTS,RESPECTIVELYCONSEQUENTLY,ALLTHESERESEARCHHAVEACCELERATEDANDFACILITATEDTHEDEVELOPMENTOFAUTOMATICPROCESSPLANNINGTHEULTIMATEGOALOFTHERESEARCHISTOENABLEFULLYAUTOMATEDPROCESSPLANNINGSYSTEM,WITHOUTHUMANDSINCETREMENDOUSEFFORTHASBEENMADETODEVELOPCAPPSYSTEMS,THEBENEFITSOFCAPPINREALLIFEMANUFACTURINGINTJADVMANUFTECHNOL200838154–162DOI101007/S001700071075ZHMXUDBLISCHOOLOFMECHANICALENGINEERING,NANJINGUNIVERSITYOFSCIENCEANDTECHNOLOGY,NANJING210094,PEOPLE’SREPUBLICOFCHINAEMAILALEXANDRA_XU2003YAHOOCOMCNDBLIEMAILDB_CALLAYAHOOCOMCNENVIRONMENTSAREYETTOBESEENHOWEVER,THETOTALLYAUTOMATICPROCESSPLANNINGUSINGCOMPUTERSISSTILLFARFROMBEINGAPRACTICALINDUSTRIALAPPLICATIONBESIDESTHECOMPLEXITYOFPROCESSPLANNING,ONEOFTHEMAINREASONSFORTHISISTHELACKOFSYSTEMATICINVESTIGATIONOFTHEPRINCIPLESANDMETHODOLOGYOFMODELINGTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESINCAPPSINCETHEBASICCRUXOFCAPPISTHEDIVERSITYOFMANUFACTURINGBACKGROUNDANDTHECOMPLEXITYOFPROCESSPLANNING,MODELINGTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESISONEOFTHEPRIMARYCONCERNSOFCAPPMOREOVER,ONEOFTHEMAJORDIFFICULTIESINCAPPINAREALMANUFACTURINGENVIRONMENTISHOWTOBUILDTHEMODELOFTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCES,WHICHCANPROPERLYORGANIZEMANUFACTURINGMACHINESTHEREFORE,THEMAJOROBJECTIVEOFTHISPAPERISTOCREATEACLUSTERINGBASEDMODELINGSCHEMEOFTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESFORPROCESSPLANNINGMOSTMODELINGAPPROACHESOFMANUFACTURINGRESOURCES,HOWEVER,HAVEBEENSTUDIEDTOCOPEWITHPRODUCTIONPLANNINGANDCONTROLPROBLEMSORRESOURCEALLOCATIONTOUNLEASHTHEUNDERUTILIZEDRESOURCEFLEXIBILITY,ETC27–31THEREFORE,THISSTUDYPRESENTSAMODELINGAPPROACHTHATCOMBINESACLUSTERINGMETHODWITHAVERAGINGMETHODSOASTOREASONABLYPARTITIONANDCLASSIFYTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESONASHOPFLOOR,WHICHLAYSTHEFOUNDATIONFORTHEMETAMODELINGPARADIGMOFTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESUSINGMATHEMATICALLOGIC32INTHEREMAINDEROFTHISSECTION,THESTRUCTUREOFTHISPAPERISPRESENTEDTHEFIRSTSECTIONBRIEFLYINTRODUCESTHERESEARCHBACKGROUNDOFPROCESSPLANNINGANDCAPPANDALSOEXPLAINSTHEREASONFORREQUIRINGFUNDAMENTALRESEARCHINTOANEWMODELINGMETHODOLOGYOFTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESTHESECONDSECTIONANALYZESPROCESSPLANNINGANDTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESTHETHIRDSECTIONPRESENTSACLUSTERINGBASEDMODELINGSCHEMEOFTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESONASHOPFLOORTHEFOURTHSECTIONDESCRIBESTHECLUSTERINGPROCESSOFTHEMANUFACTURINGRESOURCESTHEFIFTHSECTIONDETAILSANAPPLICATIONCASETOILLUSTRATETHECLUSTERINGPROCESSFINALLY,THESIXTHSECTIONDISCUSSESTHEGAINSACHIEVEDBYTHECLUSTERINGBASEDMODELINGSCHEMEOFTHEMANUFACTURING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

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