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外文翻译--LED的发展前景和现状.doc

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外文翻译--LED的发展前景和现状.doc

英文原文TheforegroundofdevelopmentandstatusofLEDLEDdoomeditshugemarketwilldevelopintoahugeindustry.Overall,thedomesticindustryintermsofsizehasbeenunsatisfactory,thetypicalcaseistheintegratedcircuitindustryandtheLCDpanelindustry,thedomesticICindustryisnowtailbetweenitspeople,LCDpanelindustryisriddledwithillness,technologycomplex,largeinvestmentandaweakinfrastructureisthemainreason,whiletheLEDindustrywillbreakthecurse,andcanbringabouttheupgradingofindustries,suchasthedomesticindustryinLCDdriverchipssimplydonotdrive,becausetheLCDpanelindustryoutofthecountry,supportbecauseofhugemarket,LEDDriverICisexpectedtoflourishinthecountrytopromotedomesticenterprisesbiggerandstronger,whichinturnwillpromotethedomesticLCDdriverchiporotherchipdrivendevelopment.ChinasLEDindustryiscurrentlyadisadvantageliesinthefactthataLEDproductsofdomesticenterprisesandoverseastechnicallevelthereisacertaingapinthepursuitofhighendcustomersatadisadvantageSecond,thedomesticICmanufacturingbasecomparedtoJapan,KoreaandTaiwan,thesestrongLEDweakareas,chipmanufacturingcapacity,technologicallevelandpoorexternalsupportofsomematerials,thelearningcurvelongerwilltakesometimetocultivateThird,thesizeofthedomesticLEDbusinessisstillrelativelysmall,mostofthemdidnotexceed100kk/monthlyenergybluegreen,thisstateofaffairsinthenexttwoyearswillbeimprovedfour,domesticRDconcentratedinuniversitiesandresearchinstitutes,productionintheenterprises,thelackofRDresultsoftherapidindustrializationoftheconversionmechanism,whichshouldbelearnfromTaiwansIndustrialTechnologyResearchInstituteofthetechnicalachievementsthelicensingmechanismtospeeduptheconversionrateoftechnologicalachievementsandscientificresearchinstitutescannotbefortheirownindustryratherthantheoutcomeofthelatesttechnologyandtimelytransfertoindustry,theGovernmentshouldregulatethedevelopmentofrelevantpolicyrelatedbehaviorfivedomesticlackofcorepatents,inparticularrelatedtotheindustryinthelongtermdevelopmentoftheBluraycorepatentsandpatentlackofwhitelight,whichwillenablelongtermdevelopmentofdomesticindustriestofunction.Atthisstage,Chinaslocalenterprises,mainlyintheinitialstage,smallercompanies,theownerofthemanufacturersdonotposeathreattothepatent,thepatentproblemisnotprominent.However,withthedevelopmentandexpansionofdomesticenterprises,oncethescaletoacertainextent,thegoingoutdevelopmentstrategy,willbecomeapotentialpatentissues.Atpresent,thedomesticenterprisestogrowbigger,toimproveproductqualityandtechnicallevelofthemostimportanttaskistoimprovethefuturelicensingcompaniesaskingpriceatthetime,ortograduallybreakthroughthecoreofRDpatents.WebelievethattheLEDindustryinChinahasgoodprospectsfordevelopment,basedonthefollowingpointsFirst,intermsofthetechnology,LEDtechnologyhasthebottleneckofhighgrowth,lowthresholdcharacteristicsofthestudy,thedomesticlongtermaccumulationinthesemiconductorfieldofresearchresourcescanbeusefulwithagoodbasisforfurtherstudy.Althoughthemanufacturingofintegratedcircuitsbasedonweak,relativelylowtechnologicallevel,butsomedomesticenterprisestojoinoverseastechnicalpersonnel,continuetomakebreakthroughsintechnology,technologicallevelofdomesticenterpriseswithgoodcompanieswiththetechnologicallevelofTaiwanorlessthesameaswithinternationalcompaniesasawholehasbeennarrowingthegapSecond,LEDinvestedrelativelysmallinitialinvestmentwillbe100millionplant,thedomesticenterprisestoenterthethresholdofthelow,easytoachievearollingdevelopmentandmanufactureofintegratedcircuitsandliquidcrystalpanelmanufacturerseasilytotensofbillionsofbillionsofyuanininvestmentitisinsignificanteasieraccesstothedomesticenterprisestoformindustrialclusters,ofcourse,mayalsoleadtoviciouscompetitionandtoacertainstageofdevelopmentofmarketintegrationThird,thedomesticmarketgreat,LEDmarketisthenextmajorgenerallightingmarket,themarketcapacity,endconsumermarket,scatteredanddifficulttoformamonopoly,avastlivingspaceofdomesticenterprisesFourth,somecompanieshaveacoreofintellectualpropertyrights,suchascrystallinesiliconphotovoltaicsubstratecanGaNrayprojects,DalianRoad,theareaoftheUnitedStatesandthecoreofthechiptechnology,hasglobalcompetitivenessoftheseenterprisesontechnologydevelopmentinthedemonstrationeffecteasytoformandpromotethehealthygrowthofthedomesticbusinessmarketfive,aftermaturityofthetechnology,LEDdownstreampackaginganddevicesarelaborintensiveproduction,thedevelopmentofthemainlandwiththelaborcostadvantage.ThedevelopmentprocessfromtheLEDindustry,theglobalsalesofLEDaccordingtothemarketiscurrentlythelargestmobilephonebacklightmarket,withmobilephonesalesgrowthslowingdown,aswellastheOLEDscreenonthemobilephoneTFTLCDscreentoenhancethepenetrationoftheglobalgrowthrateoftheLED.Technologicalprogressasaresultofcostreductioninthecurrentandevenpre2010isnotenoughtoallowfullaccesstogeneraluseLEDlightingmarket,globalgrowthwillbethenextnotebook,LCDTVbacklighting,andautomotivemarketswiththecarinteriorlampbacklightmarket.AstheworldstopfiveLCDpanelLGPhilips,Samsung,AUO,CMOandSharpinahighlevelofLEDtechnology,largeproductioncapacityinJapan,TaiwanandSouthKorea,domesticonlyBOE,polishelectricityandtheFiveDragonPVpanelsofthreelines,the4.5generationShanghaiTianmaproductionlinewillbeabletoafterthedemandforLEDbacklighting,buttheoveralldemandisnotdominant,thedomesticenterprisestoentertheLCDpanelbacklightLEDsupplychainproceedsshouldnotbetoolargebacklitpanelwithmobilephonemarketisquitesimilar.ApplicationoftheChinesemarketatthisstagemainlyinthearchitecturallighting,indoorandoutdoordisplay,basedontheabovereasons,themainforceofthenextwavemaybepresentinthesemarkets,butinmobilephones,smallsizeLCDbacklight,automobilepenetrationwillincrease,andsomescatteredmarketssuchasspeciallightingwillopenupevenmorethecostofspeciallightingrequirementsforgenerallightingisnotsoharsh.Afterthereplacementofafewyearsago,LEDtrafficlightsisverypopular,astheLEDslifeislonger,theshorttermitisverydifficulttoreplaceintheeventoflargescalework,whichmakestheLEDtrafficlightsforaperiodoflowdemandperiodalargedomesticsedanmarket,buthigher,certificationcyclelength,aslongasthereisexcellentproductquality,domesticmotorvehiclelightsLEDbacklightingandaverylargemarketdemandandgrowthindemandinthismarketisrelativelystableandLEDdisplayitseasytoassemble,lowpowerconsumption,highbrightness,etc.hasbeenwidelyappliedtothebanking,securities,squares,railwaystations,sportsvenues,thefutureofthismarketthereisstillgreatpotentialforgrowthintheOlympicGames,WorldExpo,anumberofcitynightdemonstrationeffectoftheproject,ledbyNationalSemiconductorLightingProject,aswellasthemanyfavorablefactors,suchasthepromotionof,thearchitecturallightingmarketisstillabroadprospect.Generallyspeaking,anumberoflargeinternationalcompaniesfocusedonhighend,moreconcentratedtargetmarketsreadymarket,aswellasgenerallightingofthehugepotentialmarket,andsomeoftheproductswillberelativelylowtechnicalrequirementsthatthefuturecontrolofthedecentralizednatureofthemarketsoweakoutofhandbecauseofitslargenumberofpatents,donotworryaboutthefuturewasoutofthemarketatthisstagenottopursueproductioncapacitypermonthtoNichia500kk,ToyodaGoseiandCreewere350kkand300kk,andfocusontechnologytoleadthemarkettrend,Whenthetechnologyismatureenoughtobethesizeofthemarketintothegenerallighting,itisestimatedthatitsproductioncapacitywillberapidlyandatthesametimetoreduceexternallicensing.Thiscenterperipheryofthecompetitionisexpectedtomaintainalongperiodoftime.Atpresent,themajormanufacturersintheMainlandmarket,ifthefearofchipexportswillencountertwochallengesFirst,largeinternationalcompaniesinpatentlitigationmainlyblueandwhite,infact,aslongasacertainsize,regardlessoftheexportandwhetherthepatentwillencounterchallenges,buttheexportofpatentlitigationismorelikelythatanumberofSecond,thecompetitivenessofotherexternalvendors,especiallymanufacturersinTaiwan,Taiwanstraditionalmanufacturersfollowedtheirstrategyandtechnologytotracktheinternationalcompanies,atthesametimestronglyimproveproductivity,reducecostsandproductioncapacityinTaiwantheworldsfirstchip,thereareanumberofotherindustriessuchasthegiantHonHai,theMau,thetotalbeinggoodtoenterthisarea,caninfluencethefutureofTaiwanLEDchipglobalmarketpricefluctuations.Giventhehugedomesticmarketdemand,domesticchipplants,evenifitcanrelyonthedomesticmarketofthedevelopmentofanadequate,ifthephotovoltaiccompaniesoverseasunlimitedaccesstodomesticmarkets,domesticcompanieswillfacecontinuedcompetitivepressures,whichinthelongtermdomesticenterprisesisaverynegativestatement.LEDindustryisgrowingatthisstage,butalsothelayoutoftheLEDmakersaviewofdomestic,foreigninvestmentintheMainlandtoenjoytaxincentives,domesticenterprisestocompeteinanunequalpositiontoenterthedomesticmarkettoforeigninvestorsshouldbeencouragedtosetupfactoriesinChinatoengageinoutreach,chipcoretechnology,suchasenterprises,theseenterprisescanpromotepersonneltrainingandraisingtheoverallskilllevelshouldbelimitedtothosepackagesinthecountry,epitaxial,chip,suchaspartofthecoretechnologyfortheoccupationintheforeignmarketfromtheenterprise,Oncesuchabusinesscardinallcoreareas,andlocalenterprisesdonotenjoythebenefitsoftechnologicalprogress,developmentandlimitedspace,Iamafraidtheywillscrambletorelyonpricewar,notsohardtocurryfavorwiththeirownthing,sodealwithonlypartofthecurrentpackageinChinatolimitforeigninvestment,suchasimporttariffsleviedonthechip.Fromthepatentlitigationisconcerned,itsnotterrible,aslongasourmaincompetitors,havetopay,westillcompeteinthesamestartingline,TaiwansmajorinvolvingtheblueandwhiteLEDchipfactoryinthegrowthprocesshaveexperiencedlitigationLED,reachedasettlementintheproceedingstoobtainpatents,continuetogrow.Thebestresponseistodoatthisstagealargescale,accesstopatents,whileatthesametimestrengthenitsownRDtoimprovethepatentlitigationinthebargainingpowerforcrosslicensing.Domesticenterprisesintermsofsize,XiamenSananmayusherinthegrowthofthefirstbaptism.Thefutureindustrialcompetitivenesswilldependontwoaspects,firstly,technology,includingtoimprovelightemittingefficiencyandlowerthecostoftechnologytoimprovepowerdevicetechnology,thedirectionoftheroadthereisanextensionofexistingtechnology,butalsopossibleroutesofnewtechnologiesalsoincludingaccesstohighqualitytechnologyproducts,aswellasexternalsystemssuchaslightingdesignandtechnologydrivenchipdesignSecond,thescale,ontheonehand,duetolargescaletoreducecosts,themarketstrongbargainingpowerOntheotherhand,compoundswithICwafermanufactureofsiliconusedisverydifferent,evenifanextensiononthesameproductionoutofthechipperformancemaybequitedifferent,whichrequirerelativelyhighconsistencyofapplicationareassuchasatypicalLCDbacklight,theextensionofanThereisonlyapartoftomeettherequirements,butlargescaleenterprises,thenumberoflevelsofmarketstructure,canbeinconsistentwiththerequirementsofaparticularmarketdeploymentofchipproductstoanothermarket,thecompanystotaloutputtoincreasetheefficiencyofthefull.LEDindustryabrightfuture,butonlyintheabovementionedtwoaspectsoftheindustrysleadingenterpriseisthefutureking.ConclusionCompanycommented,domesticenterprisesshouldbeconcernedaboutwhatInthewholeLEDindustrychainandenterprisesconcernedFromtheoveralldevelopmentprocess,thefivecompaniesmostinvestmentvalue.Aclassofintellectualpropertyrightsisacorebusiness.RoomforthedevelopmentofsuchenterprisesinthemostbroadbaseddomestictoNanchangUniversityestablishedajointprivateequityfundisthecrystalcanbeatypicalrepresentativeofphotoelectric,photoelectriccrystalcanbemadeofsiliconbasedGaNepitaxialBluraytechnologytotheworldstopthreeblueLightoneprocesstechnologytobreakthroughforeignpatentsNichiaandCreeblockade,thecompanyissetupnearthecurrentleveloftheindustryneedtobeinspectedanotherLumingforDalian,thecompanythroughtheacquisitionofAmericanLEDchipmanufacturerstomakechipsAXTtechnologyincreases,accesstomorethan40patentedcoretechnologies,aswellasthetechnicalteam.Inaddition,DalianLumingengagedinrareearthsincetheoriginallightemittingmaterial,whiteinthesynthesisoffluorescentpowderusedintheproductionofanedge,isoneoftheworldproductionofonlyafewcanproducelightemittinglightemittingmaterialscanchipbusiness.Moreover,thepossibilityofRDLumingnewrareearthfluorescentpowder,breakthroughNichia,Osramwhitelighttechnology,suchaspatents,forthedomesticindustryintothegeneralLEDlightingbreakthroughinthelastbarriersWhiteLEDlightingaslongasthetwomajorstumblingblockBluraypatentandwhitepatenttomakeabreakthrough,thedomesticLEDindustryabrightfutureaheadfortherestofthedomesticindustryistotesttheabilityoftheindustry.Otherenterprisestodobusinessinthechipindustrymoresuccessful.Tocarryouttheactualchipdesignandprocessingofgreenextension,hasacertainscale,andaremainlyconcentratedintheXiamensun,DalianRoad,theUnitedStatesofAmericaLumingsubsidiary,severalcompaniesatpresentproductionscaleandLEDRayonlyshamanXiamen.Xiamen,TaiwanMOCVD12shaman,redchips1000KKpermonth,bluechip

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