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外文翻译--LED的发展前景和现状.doc

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外文翻译--LED的发展前景和现状.doc

英文原文THEFOREGROUNDOFDEVELOPMENTANDSTATUSOFLEDLEDDOOMEDIT‘SHUGEMARKETWILLDEVELOPINTOAHUGEINDUSTRYOVERALL,THEDOMESTICINDUSTRYINTERMSOFSIZEHASBEENUNSATISFACTORY,THETYPICALCASEISTHEINTEGRATEDCIRCUITINDUSTRYANDTHELCDPANELINDUSTRY,THEDOMESTICICINDUSTRYISNOWTAILBETWEENITSPEOPLE,LCDPANELINDUSTRYISRIDDLEDWITHILLNESS,TECHNOLOGYCOMPLEX,LARGEINVESTMENTANDAWEAKINFRASTRUCTUREISTHEMAINREASON,WHILETHELEDINDUSTRYWILLBREAKTHECURSE,ANDCANBRINGABOUTTHEUPGRADINGOFINDUSTRIES,SUCHASTHEDOMESTICINDUSTRYINLCDDRIVERCHIPSSIMPLYDONOTDRIVE,BECAUSETHELCDPANELINDUSTRYOUTOFTHECOUNTRY,SUPPORTBECAUSEOFHUGEMARKET,LEDDRIVERICISEXPECTEDTOFLOURISHINTHECOUNTRYTOPROMOTEDOMESTICENTERPRISESBIGGERANDSTRONGER,WHICHINTURNWILLPROMOTETHEDOMESTICLCDDRIVERCHIPOROTHERCHIPDRIVENDEVELOPMENTCHINASLEDINDUSTRYISCURRENTLYADISADVANTAGELIESINTHEFACTTHATALEDPRODUCTSOFDOMESTICENTERPRISESANDOVERSEASTECHNICALLEVELTHEREISACERTAINGAPINTHEPURSUITOFHIGHENDCUSTOMERSATADISADVANTAGE;SECOND,THEDOMESTICICMANUFACTURINGBASECOMPAREDTOJAPAN,KOREAANDTAIWAN,THESESTRONGLEDWEAKAREAS,CHIPMANUFACTURINGCAPACITY,TECHNOLOGICALLEVELANDPOOREXTERNALSUPPORTOFSOMEMATERIALS,THELEARNINGCURVELONGERWILLTAKESOMETIMETOCULTIVATE;THIRD,THESIZEOFTHEDOMESTICLEDBUSINESSISSTILLRELATIVELYSMALL,MOSTOFTHEMDIDNOTEXCEED100KK/MONTHLYENERGYBLUEGREEN,THISSTATEOFAFFAIRSINTHENEXTTWOYEARSWILLBEIMPROVED;FOUR,DOMESTICRDCONCENTRATEDINUNIVERSITIESANDRESEARCHINSTITUTES,PRODUCTIONINTHEENTERPRISES,THELACKOFRDRESULTSOFTHERAPIDINDUSTRIALIZATIONOFTHECONVERSIONMECHANISM,WHICHSHOULDBELEARNFROMTAIWANSINDUSTRIALTECHNOLOGYRESEARCHINSTITUTEOFTHETECHNICALACHIEVEMENTSTHELICENSINGMECHANISMTOSPEEDUPTHECONVERSIONRATEOFTECHNOLOGICALACHIEVEMENTSANDSCIENTIFICRESEARCHINSTITUTESCANNOTBEFORTHEIROWNINDUSTRYRATHERTHANTHEOUTCOMEOFTHELATESTTECHNOLOGYANDTIMELYTRANSFERTOINDUSTRY,THEGOVERNMENTSHOULDREGULATETHEDEVELOPMENTOFRELEVANTPOLICYRELATEDBEHAVIOR;FIVEDOMESTICLACKOFCOREPATENTS,INPARTICULARRELATEDTOTHEINDUSTRYINTHELONGTERMDEVELOPMENTOFTHEBLURAYCOREPATENTSANDPATENTLACKOFWHITELIGHT,WHICHWILLENABLELONGTERMDEVELOPMENTOFDOMESTICINDUSTRIESTOFUNCTIONATTHISSTAGE,CHINASLOCALENTERPRISES,MAINLYINTHEINITIALSTAGE,SMALLERCOMPANIES,THEOWNEROFTHEMANUFACTURERSDONOTPOSEATHREATTOTHEPATENT,THEPATENTPROBLEMISNOTPROMINENTHOWEVER,WITHTHEDEVELOPMENTANDEXPANSIONOFDOMESTICENTERPRISES,ONCETHESCALETOACERTAINEXTENT,THEGOINGOUTDEVELOPMENTSTRATEGY,WILLBECOMEAPOTENTIALPATENTISSUESATPRESENT,THEDOMESTICENTERPRISESTOGROWBIGGER,TOIMPROVEPRODUCTQUALITYANDTECHNICALLEVELOFTHEMOSTIMPORTANTTASKISTOIMPROVETHEFUTURELICENSINGCOMPANIESASKINGPRICEATTHETIME,ORTOGRADUALLYBREAKTHROUGHTHECOREOFRDPATENTSWEBELIEVETHATTHELEDINDUSTRYINCHINAHASGOODPROSPECTSFORDEVELOPMENT,BASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPOINTSFIRST,INTERMSOFTHETECHNOLOGY,LEDTECHNOLOGYHASTHEBOTTLENECKOFHIGHGROWTH,LOWTHRESHOLDCHARACTERISTICSOFTHESTUDY,THEDOMESTICLONGTERMACCUMULATIONINTHESEMICONDUCTORFIELDOFRESEARCHRESOURCESCANBEUSEFULWITHAGOODBASISFORFURTHERSTUDYALTHOUGHTHEMANUFACTURINGOFINTEGRATEDCIRCUITSBASEDONWEAK,RELATIVELYLOWTECHNOLOGICALLEVEL,BUTSOMEDOMESTICENTERPRISESTOJOINOVERSEASTECHNICALPERSONNEL,CONTINUETOMAKEBREAKTHROUGHSINTECHNOLOGY,TECHNOLOGICALLEVELOFDOMESTICENTERPRISESWITHGOODCOMPANIESWITHTHETECHNOLOGICALLEVELOFTAIWANORLESSTHESAMEASWITHINTERNATIONALCOMPANIESASAWHOLEHASBEENNARROWINGTHEGAP;SECOND,LEDINVESTEDRELATIVELYSMALLINITIALINVESTMENTWILLBE100MILLIONPLANT,THEDOMESTICENTERPRISESTOENTERTHETHRESHOLDOFTHELOW,EASYTOACHIEVEAROLLINGDEVELOPMENTANDMANUFACTUREOFINTEGRATEDCIRCUITSANDLIQUIDCRYSTALPANELMANUFACTURERSEASILYTOTENSOFBILLIONSOFBILLIONSOFYUANININVESTMENTITISINSIGNIFICANTEASIERACCESSTOTHEDOMESTICENTERPRISESTOFORMINDUSTRIALCLUSTERS,OFCOURSE,MAYALSOLEADTOVICIOUSCOMPETITIONANDTOACERTAINSTAGEOFDEVELOPMENTOFMARKETINTEGRATION;THIRD,THEDOMESTICMARKETGREAT,LEDMARKETISTHENEXTMAJORGENERALLIGHTINGMARKET,THEMARKETCAPACITY,ENDCONSUMERMARKET,SCATTEREDANDDIFFICULTTOFORMAMONOPOLY,AVASTLIVINGSPACEOFDOMESTICENTERPRISES;FOURTH,SOMECOMPANIESHAVEACOREOFINTELLECTUALPROPERTYRIGHTS,SUCHASCRYSTALLINESILICONPHOTOVOLTAICSUBSTRATECANGANRAYPROJECTS,DALIANROAD,THEAREAOFTHEUNITEDSTATESANDTHECOREOFTHECHIPTECHNOLOGY,HASGLOBALCOMPETITIVENESSOFTHESEENTERPRISESONTECHNOLOGYDEVELOPMENTINTHEDEMONSTRATIONEFFECTEASYTOFORMANDPROMOTETHEHEALTHYGROWTHOFTHEDOMESTICBUSINESSMARKET;FIVE,AFTERMATURITYOFTHETECHNOLOGY,LEDDOWNSTREAMPACKAGINGANDDEVICESARELABORINTENSIVEPRODUCTION,THEDEVELOPMENTOFTHEMAINLANDWITHTHELABORCOSTADVANTAGETHEDEVELOPMENTPROCESSFROMTHELEDINDUSTRY,THEGLOBALSALESOFLEDACCORDINGTOTHEMARKETISCURRENTLYTHELARGESTMOBILEPHONEBACKLIGHTMARKET,WITHMOBILEPHONESALESGROWTHSLOWINGDOWN,ASWELLASTHEOLEDSCREENONTHEMOBILEPHONETFTLCDSCREENTOENHANCETHEPENETRATIONOFTHEGLOBALGROWTHRATEOFTHELEDTECHNOLOGICALPROGRESSASARESULTOFCOSTREDUCTIONINTHECURRENTANDEVENPRE2010ISNOTENOUGHTOALLOWFULLACCESSTOGENERALUSELEDLIGHTINGMARKET,GLOBALGROWTHWILLBETHENEXTNOTEBOOK,LCDTVBACKLIGHTING,ANDAUTOMOTIVEMARKETSWITHTHECARINTERIORLAMPBACKLIGHTMARKETASTHEWORLDSTOPFIVELCDPANELLGPHILIPS,SAMSUNG,AUO,CMOANDSHARPINAHIGHLEVELOFLEDTECHNOLOGY,LARGEPRODUCTIONCAPACITYINJAPAN,TAIWANANDSOUTHKOREA,DOMESTICONLYBOE,POLISHELECTRICITYANDTHEFIVEDRAGONPVPANELSOFTHREELINES,THE45GENERATIONSHANGHAITIANMAPRODUCTIONLINEWILLBEABLETOAFTERTHEDEMANDFORLEDBACKLIGHTING,BUTTHEOVERALLDEMANDISNOTDOMINANT,THEDOMESTICENTERPRISESTOENTERTHELCDPANELBACKLIGHTLEDSUPPLYCHAINPROCEEDSSHOULDNOTBETOOLARGEBACKLITPANELWITHMOBILEPHONEMARKETISQUITESIMILARAPPLICATIONOFTHECHINESEMARKETATTHISSTAGEMAINLYINTHEARCHITECTURALLIGHTING,INDOORANDOUTDOORDISPLAY,BASEDONTHEABOVEREASONS,THEMAINFORCEOFTHENEXTWAVEMAYBEPRESENTINTHESEMARKETS,BUTINMOBILEPHONES,SMALLSIZELCDBACKLIGHT,AUTOMOBILEPENETRATIONWILLINCREASE,ANDSOMESCATTEREDMARKETSSUCHASSPECIALLIGHTINGWILLOPENUPEVENMORETHECOSTOFSPECIALLIGHTINGREQUIREMENTSFORGENERALLIGHTINGISNOTSOHARSHAFTERTHEREPLACEMENTOFAFEWYEARSAGO,LEDTRAFFICLIGHTSISVERYPOPULAR,ASTHELEDSLIFEISLONGER,THESHORTTERMITISVERYDIFFICULTTOREPLACEINTHEEVENTOFLARGESCALEWORK,WHICHMAKESTHELEDTRAFFICLIGHTSFORAPERIODOFLOWDEMANDPERIOD;ALARGEDOMESTICSEDANMARKET,BUTHIGHER,CERTIFICATIONCYCLELENGTH,ASLONGASTHEREISEXCELLENTPRODUCTQUALITY,DOMESTICMOTORVEHICLELIGHTSLEDBACKLIGHTINGANDAVERYLARGEMARKETDEMANDANDGROWTHINDEMANDINTHISMARKETISRELATIVELYSTABLE;ANDLEDDISPLAYIT’SEASYTOASSEMBLE,LOWPOWERCONSUMPTION,HIGHBRIGHTNESS,ETCHASBEENWIDELYAPPLIEDTOTHEBANKING,SECURITIES,SQUARES,RAILWAYSTATIONS,SPORTSVENUES,THEFUTUREOFTHISMARKETTHEREISSTILLGREATPOTENTIALFORGROWTH;INTHEOLYMPICGAMES,WORLDEXPO,ANUMBEROFCITYNIGHTDEMONSTRATIONEFFECTOFTHEPROJECT,LEDBYNATIONALSEMICONDUCTORLIGHTINGPROJECT,ASWELLASTHEMANYFAVORABLEFACTORS,SUCHASTHEPROMOTIONOF,THEARCHITECTURALLIGHTINGMARKETISSTILLABROADPROSPECTGENERALLYSPEAKING,ANUMBEROFLARGEINTERNATIONALCOMPANIESFOCUSEDONHIGHEND,MORECONCENTRATEDTARGETMARKETSREADYMARKET,ASWELLASGENERALLIGHTINGOFTHEHUGEPOTENTIALMARKET,ANDSOMEOFTHEPRODUCTSWILLBERELATIVELYLOWTECHNICALREQUIREMENTSTHATTHEFUTURECONTROLOFTHEDECENTRALIZEDNATUREOFTHEMARKETSOWEAKOUTOFHANDBECAUSEOFITSLARGENUMBEROFPATENTS,DONOTWORRYABOUTTHEFUTUREWASOUTOFTHEMARKETATTHISSTAGENOTTOPURSUEPRODUCTIONCAPACITYPERMONTHTONICHIA500KK,TOYODAGOSEIANDCREEWERE350KKAND300KK,ANDFOCUSONTECHNOLOGYTOLEADTHEMARKETTREND,WHENTHETECHNOLOGYISMATUREENOUGHTOBETHESIZEOFTHEMARKETINTOTHEGENERALLIGHTING,ITISESTIMATEDTHATITSPRODUCTIONCAPACITYWILLBERAPIDLYANDATTHESAMETIMETOREDUCEEXTERNALLICENSINGTHISCENTERPERIPHERYOFTHECOMPETITIONISEXPECTEDTOMAINTAINALONGPERIODOFTIMEATPRESENT,THEMAJORMANUFACTURERSINTHEMAINLANDMARKET,IFTHEFEAROFCHIPEXPORTSWILLENCOUNTERTWOCHALLENGESFIRST,LARGEINTERNATIONALCOMPANIESINPATENTLITIGATIONMAINLYBLUEANDWHITE,INFACT,ASLONGASACERTAINSIZE,REGARDLESSOFTHEEXPORTANDWHETHERTHEPATENTWILLENCOUNTERCHALLENGES,BUTTHEEXPORTOFPATENTLITIGATIONISMORELIKELYTHATANUMBEROF;SECOND,THECOMPETITIVENESSOFOTHEREXTERNALVENDORS,ESPECIALLYMANUFACTURERSINTAIWAN,TAIWANSTRADITIONALMANUFACTURERSFOLLOWEDTHEIRSTRATEGYANDTECHNOLOGYTOTRACKTHEINTERNATIONALCOMPANIES,ATTHESAMETIMESTRONGLYIMPROVEPRODUCTIVITY,REDUCECOSTSANDPRODUCTIONCAPACITYINTAIWANTHEWORLDSFIRSTCHIP,THEREAREANUMBEROFOTHERINDUSTRIESSUCHASTHEGIANTHONHAI,THEMAU,THETOTALBEINGGOODTOENTERTHISAREA,CANINFLUENCETHEFUTUREOFTAIWANLEDCHIPGLOBALMARKETPRICEFLUCTUATIONSGIVENTHEHUGEDOMESTICMARKETDEMAND,DOMESTICCHIPPLANTS,EVENIFITCANRELYONTHEDOMESTICMARKETOFTHEDEVELOPMENTOFANADEQUATE,IFTHEPHOTOVOLTAICCOMPANIESOVERSEASUNLIMITEDACCESSTODOMESTICMARKETS,DOMESTICCOMPANIESWILLFACECONTINUEDCOMPETITIVEPRESSURES,WHICHINTHELONGTERMDOMESTICENTERPRISESISAVERYNEGATIVESTATEMENTLEDINDUSTRYISGROWINGATTHISSTAGE,BUTALSOTHELAYOUTOFTHELEDMAKERSAVIEWOFDOMESTIC,FOREIGNINVESTMENTINTHEMAINLANDTOENJOYTAXINCENTIVES,DOMESTICENTERPRISESTOCOMPETEINANUNEQUALPOSITIONTOENTERTHEDOMESTICMARKETTOFOREIGNINVESTORSSHOULDBEENCOURAGEDTOSETUPFACTORIESINCHINATOENGAGEINOUTREACH,CHIPCORETECHNOLOGY,SUCHASENTERPRISES,THESEENTERPRISESCANPROMOTEPERSONNELTRAININGANDRAISINGTHEOVERALLSKILLLEVEL;SHOULDBELIMITEDTOTHOSEPACKAGESINTHECOUNTRY,EPITAXIAL,CHIP,SUCHASPARTOFTHECORETECHNOLOGYFORTHEOCCUPATIONINTHEFOREIGNMARKETFROMTHEENTERPRISE,ONCESUCHABUSINESSCARDINALLCOREAREAS,ANDLOCALENTERPRISESDONOTENJOYTHEBENEFITSOFTECHNOLOGICALPROGRESS,DEVELOPMENTANDLIMITEDSPACE,IAMAFRAIDTHEYWILLSCRAMBLETORELYONPRICEWAR,NOTSOHARDTOCURRYFAVORWITHTHEIROWNTHING,SODEALWITHONLYPARTOFTHECURRENTPACKAGEINCHINATOLIMITFOREIGNINVESTMENT,SUCHASIMPORTTARIFFSLEVIEDONTHECHIPFROMTHEPATENTLITIGATIONISCONCERNED,IT’SNOTTERRIBLE,ASLONGASOURMAINCOMPETITORS,HAVETOPAY,WESTILLCOMPETEINTHESAMESTARTINGLINE,TAIWANSMAJORINVOLVINGTHEBLUEANDWHITELEDCHIPFACTORYINTHEGROWTHPROCESSHAVEEXPERIENCEDLITIGATIONLED,REACHEDASETTLEMENTINTHEPROCEEDINGSTOOBTAINPATENTS,CONTINUETOGROWTHEBESTRESPONSEISTODOATTHISSTAGEALARGESCALE,ACCESSTOPATENTS,WHILEATTHESAMETIMESTRENGTHENITSOWNRDTOIMPROVETHEPATENTLITIGATIONINTHEBARGAININGPOWERFORCROSSLICENSINGDOMESTICENTERPRISESINTERMSOFSIZE,XIAMENSANANMAYUSHERINTHEGROWTHOFTHEFIRSTBAPTISMTHEFUTUREINDUSTRIALCOMPETITIVENESSWILLDEPENDONTWOASPECTS,FIRSTLY,TECHNOLOGY,INCLUDINGTOIMPROVELIGHTEMITTINGEFFICIENCYANDLOWERTHECOSTOFTECHNOLOGYTOIMPROVEPOWERDEVICETECHNOLOGY,THEDIRECTIONOFTHEROADTHEREISANEXTENSIONOFEXISTINGTECHNOLOGY,BUTALSOPOSSIBLEROUTESOFNEWTECHNOLOGIES;ALSOINCLUDINGACCESSTOHIGHQUALITYTECHNOLOG

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