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外文翻译--关于食品加工中机械输送系统的设计和制造的一项研究 英文版.pdf

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外文翻译--关于食品加工中机械输送系统的设计和制造的一项研究 英文版.pdf

DOI101007/S0017000318433ORIGINALARTICLEINTJADVMANUFTECHNOL200525551–559SHMASOODBABBASESHAYANAKARAANINVESTIGATIONINTODESIGNANDMANUFACTURINGOFMECHANICALCONVEYORSSYSTEMSFORFOODPROCESSINGRECEIVED29MARCH2003/ACCEPTED21JUNE2003/PUBLISHEDONLINE23JUNE2004SPRINGERVERLAGLONDONLIMITED2004ABSTRACTTHISPAPERPRESENTSTHERESULTSOFARESEARCHINVESTIGATIONUNDERTAKENTODEVELOPMETHODOLOGIESANDTECHNIQUESTHATWILLREDUCETHECOSTANDTIMEOFTHEDESIGN,MANUFACTURINGANDASSEMBLYOFMECHANICALCONVEYORSYSTEMSUSEDINTHEFOODANDBEVERAGEINDUSTRYTHEIMPROVEDMETHODOLOGYFORDESIGNANDPRODUCTIONOFCONVEYORCOMPONENTSISBASEDONTHEMINIMISATIONOFMATERIALS,PARTSANDCOSTS,USINGTHERULESOFDESIGNFORMANUFACTUREANDDESIGNFORASSEMBLYRESULTSOBTAINEDONATESTCONVEYORSYSTEMVERIFYTHEBENEFITSOFUSINGTHEIMPROVEDTECHNIQUESTHEOVERALLMATERIALCOSTWASREDUCEDBY19ANDTHEOVERALLASSEMBLYCOSTWASREDUCEDBY20COMPAREDTOCONVENTIONALMETHODSKEYWORDSASSEMBLYCOSTREDUCTIONDESIGNDFADFMMECHANICALCONVEYOR1INTRODUCTIONCONVEYORSYSTEMSUSEDINTHEFOODANDBEVERAGEINDUSTRYAREHIGHLYAUTOMATEDCUSTOMMADESTRUCTURESCONSISTINGOFALARGENUMBEROFPARTSANDDESIGNEDTOCARRYPRODUCTSSUCHASFOODCARTONS,DRINKBOTTLESANDCANSINFASTPRODUCTIONANDASSEMBLYLINESMOSTOFTHEPROCESSINGANDPACKAGINGOFFOODANDDRINKINVOLVECONTINUOUSOPERATIONSWHERECARTONS,BOTTLESORCANSAREREQUIREDTOMOVEATACONTROLLEDSPEEDFORFILLINGORASSEMBLYOPERATIONSTHEIROPERATIONSREQUIREHIGHLYEFFICIENTANDRELIABLEMECHANICALCONVEYORS,WHICHRANGEFROMOVERHEADTYPESTOFLOORMOUNTEDTYPESOFCHAIN,ROLLERORBELTDRIVENCONVEYORSYSTEMSINRECENTYEARS,IMMENSEPRESSUREFROMCLIENTSFORLOWCOSTBUTEFFICIENTMECHANICALCONVEYORSYSTEMSHASPUSHEDCONVEYORMANUFACTURERSTOREVIEWTHEIRCURRENTDESIGNANDASSEMBLYMETHODSANDLOOKATANALTERNATIVEMEANSTOMANUFACTUREMOREECONOMICALANDRELIABLECONVEYORSFORTHEIRCLIENTSATPRESENT,SHMASOODA117BABBASESHAYANAKARAINDUSTRIALRESEARCHINSTITUTESWINBURNE,SWINBURNEUNIVERSITYOFTECHNOLOGY,HAWTHORN,MELBOURNE3122,AUSTRALIAEMAILSMASOODSWINEDUAUMOSTMATERIALHANDLINGDEVICES,BOTHHARDWAREANDSOFTWARE,AREHIGHLYSPECIALISED,INFLEXIBLEANDCOSTLYTOCONFIGURE,INSTALLANDMAINTAIN1CONVEYORSAREFIXEDINTERMSOFTHEIRLOCATIONSANDTHECONVEYORBELTSACCORDINGTOTHEIRSYNCHRONISEDSPEEDS,MAKINGANYCHANGEOVEROFTHECONVEYORSYSTEMVERYDIFFICULTANDEXPENSIVEINTODAY’SRADICALLYCHANGINGINDUSTRIALMARKETS,THEREISANEEDTOIMPLEMENTANEWMANUFACTURINGSTRATEGY,ANEWSYSTEMOPERATIONALCONCEPTANDANEWSYSTEMCONTROLSOFTWAREANDHARDWAREDEVELOPMENTCONCEPT,THATCANBEAPPLIEDTOTHEDESIGNOFANEWGENERATIONOFOPEN,FLEXIBLEMATERIALHANDLINGSYSTEMS2HOANDRANKY3PROPOSEDANEWMODULARANDRECONFIGURABLE2DAND3DCONVEYORSYSTEM,WHICHENCOMPASSESANOPENRECONFIGURABLESOFTWAREARCHITECTUREBASEDONTHECIMOSAOPENSYSTEMARCHITECTUREMODELITISNOTEDTHATTHERESEARCHINTHEAREAOFIMPROVEMENTOFCONVEYORSYSTEMSUSEDINBEVERAGEINDUSTRYISVERYLIMITEDMOSTOFTHEPUBLISHEDRESEARCHISDIRECTEDTOWARDSIMPROVINGTHEOPERATIONSOFCONVEYORSYSTEMSANDINTEGRATIONOFSYSTEMTOHIGHLYSOPHISTICATEDSOFTWAREANDHARDWARETHISPAPERPRESENTSARESEARCHINVESTIGATIONAIMEDATIMPROVINGTHECURRENTTECHNIQUESANDPRACTICESUSEDINTHEDESIGN,MANUFACTURINGANDASSEMBLYOFFLOORMOUNTEDTYPECHAINDRIVENMECHANICALCONVEYORSINORDERTOREDUCETHEMANUFACTURINGLEADTIMEANDCOSTFORSUCHCONVEYORSAPPLYINGTHECONCEPTOFCONCURRENTENGINEERINGANDTHEPRINCIPLESOFDESIGNFORMANUFACTURINGANDDESIGNFORASSEMBLY4,5,SEVERALCRITICALCONVEYORPARTSWEREINVESTIGATEDFORTHEIRFUNCTIONALITY,MATERIALSUITABILITY,STRENGTHCRITERION,COSTANDEASEOFASSEMBLYINTHEOVERALLCONVEYORSYSTEMTHECRITICALPARTSWEREMODIFIEDANDREDESIGNEDWITHNEWSHAPEANDGEOMETRY,ANDSOMEWITHNEWMATERIALSTHEIMPROVEDDESIGNMETHODSANDTHEFUNCTIONALITYOFNEWCONVEYORPARTSWEREVERIFIEDANDTESTEDONANEWTESTCONVEYORSYSTEMDESIGNED,MANUFACTUREDANDASSEMBLEDUSINGTHENEWIMPROVEDPARTS2DESIGNFORMANUFACTURINGANDASSEMBLYDFMAINRECENTYEARS,RESEARCHINTHEAREAOFDESIGNFORMANUFACTURINGANDASSEMBLYHASBECOMEVERYUSEFULFORINDUSTRIESTHATARECON552SIDERINGIMPROVINGTHEIRFACILITIESANDMANUFACTURINGMETHODOLOGYHOWEVER,THEREHASNOTBEENENOUGHWORKDONEINTHEAREAOFDESIGNFORCONVEYORCOMPONENTS,ESPECIALLYRELATEDTOTHEISSUEOFINCREASINGNUMBERSOFDRAWINGDATAANDREENGINEERINGOFTHEPROCESSOFCONVEYORDESIGNBASEDONTRADITIONALMETHODSAVASTAMOUNTOFPAPERSHAVEBEENPUBLISHEDTHATHAVEINVESTIGATEDISSUESRELATEDTODFMAANDAPPLIEDTOVARIOUSMETHODOLOGIESTOACHIEVERESULTSTHATPROVEDECONOMICAL,EFFICIENTANDCOSTEFFECTIVEFORTHECOMPANIESUNDERINVESTIGATIONTHEMAINCLASSIFICATIONSOFDFMAKNOWLEDGECANBEIDENTIFIEDAS1GENERALGUIDELINES,2COMPANYSPECIFICBESTPRACTICEOR3PROCESSANDORRESOURCESPECIFICCONSTRAINTSGENERALGUIDELINESREFERTOGENERALLYAPPLICABLERULESOFTHUMB,RELATINGTOAMANUFACTURINGDOMAINOFWHICHTHEDESIGNERSHOULDBEAWARETHEFOLLOWINGLISTHASBEENCOMPILEDFORDFMGUIDELINES6DESIGNFORAMINIMUMNUMBEROFPARTSDEVELOPAMODULARDESIGNMINIMISEPARTVARIATIONSDESIGNPARTSTOBEMULTIFUNCTIONALDESIGNPARTSFORMULTIUSEDESIGNPARTSFOREASEOFFABRICATIONAVOIDSEPARATEFASTENERSMAXIMISECOMPLIANCEDESIGNFOREASEOFASSEMBLYMINIMISEHANDLINGDESIGNFORHANDLINGPRESENTATIONEVALUATEASSEMBLYMETHODSELIMINATEADJUSTMENTSAVOIDFLEXIBLECOMPONENTSTHEYAREDIFFICULTTOHANDLEUSEPARTSOFKNOWNCAPABILITYALLOWFORMAXIMUMINTOLERANCEOFPARTSUSEKNOWNANDPROVENVENDORSANDSUPPLIERSUSEPARTSATDERATEDVALUESWITHNOMARGINALOVERSTRESSMINIMISESUBASSE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