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外文翻译--多用途组合机床.doc

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外文翻译--多用途组合机床.doc

英文原文MULTIPURPOSEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLTIMEREGARDINGTHEMULTIPURPOSEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLS,INTHEINDUSTRIALFIELDHASMANYNAMESTODESCRIBEIT,LIKE“THEMULTITASKINGINSTALLMENT”,“THEMULTIPURPOSEENGINEBEDS”,“THEMULTIPROCEDUREPRODUCTIONSYSTEM”ANDSOON,ITMAYBECALLEDTHEPROCESSINGDOMAINTRULYTHENOVA,MAYREDUCETHECOST,THESIMPLIFIEDDISPOSITION,ANDHASMAINTAINEDINTHEUSTERRITORYPRODUCESINTHEPASTONLYTHENUSEDTHEDUTYWHICHMANYMACHINEOPERATIONSCOULDCOMPLETE,NOWMAYCONCENTRATETOANENGINEBEDONPROCESSESCOMPLETESASARESULTOFMARKETDEMANDSUNCEASINGCHANGE,THEPRODUCTLIFECYCLEISREDUCINGUNCEASINGLY,TODAYSMARKETMOREINTENSEDEMANDMULTITASKINGINSTALLMENTCONCEPTCARRIESOUTTHEFINEPROFITMANAGEMENTWHENTHEENTIREPRODUCTIONENVIRONMENT,COMPAREDTOHAVINGNOTCONCENTRATEDTHECOMPONENTSPROCESSINGTOAMACHINEONCOMPLETESAFINERPROFITSOMETRADITIONSMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRYMANUFACTURERTHOUGHTTHATTHEMULTIPURPOSEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLSARETOOCOMPLEX,VERYDIFFICULTTOFINDTHEAPPROPRIATEOPERATORSALSOTHEDIFFICULTPROBLEMINNOVATESONTHESPOTONTHEINSUFFICIENCYFORTHEMETALWORKINGBASICPRINCIPLEANDINTHEPRODUCTIONWORKSHOPRELATEDNEWENGINEBEDUSESOLUTIONASPECTTRAININGINTUITIONTYPETECHNICALCONTROLTHEEQUIPMENTUSE“CARRIESOFFTHEQUANTITYOFHEAT”THETYPEDESIGN,HASDIFFERENTMATERIALWHICHTHELATHEBED,THESTEELINESSSTRAIGHTLINEROLLINGGUIDE,ONTHESTEELINESSREVOLVINGTOOLBOXSADDLE,THEEQUIPMENTUSES,ALLTHESECOMBINEMAKEANENGINEBEDTOGETHERTHESEWITHTHETHERMALCONDUCTIVITY,THEVOLUMEEXPANSIONARERELATEDALLDIFFERENTSIZESTHINGCANBYTHEDIFFERENTSPEEDGROWTHASARESULTOFTHISREASON,NEEDSTOMAKETHEHOTFRIENDLYENGINEBED,WITHTHEAIMOFKNOWINGGIVESOFFHEATTHEWEAKPOINTINWHERE,CANCOMPENSATETHROUGHTHEREASONABLEENGINEBEDDESIGNTHEPARTISTHEENTIREJOURNEYMOVEMENTTHEENGINEBEDGLIDEPRODUCESRUBSANDTRANSFORMHOTLYTHEMACHININGPRODUCESTHEHOTFILINGSFALLTOTHEDIFFERENTPLACE,THEREFRIGERANTCANMIXINTHEENTIREPROCESSINWHICHWILLPRESENTTHEDIFFERENTTEMPERATUREPROVINCECONTINUALLYONTHECUTTINGTOOL,WILLTHEREFOREALSOHAVEMANYTHINGSTOHAVETHEINFLUENCETOTHETHERMOSTABILITYTHECUTTINGTOOLTECHNOLOGYTURNEDTHEMULTIPURPOSEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLSHASHADTHEMILLINGANDCUTTINGPOWER“THEVERSATILEMACHINE”ACCORDINGTOTHEMATERIALINTRODUCEDTHATTHEMOSTREMARKABLECHARACTERISTICISINTHESEENGINEBEDWHOLEHASTHEINTUITIONTHEANTICOLLISIONPRESERVATIONTECHNOLOGYWASALREADYMATURE,INCERTAINCIRCUMSTANCES,EVENIFUSESTHEMANUALOPERATIONPATTERN,CANALSOAVOIDTHEOCCURRENCEWHICHCOLLIDESBECAUSETHECONTROLSOFTWAREHASTHEVERYGOODINTUITION,THEUSEROPERATIONFRIENDLYDEGREEUNCEASINGLYISALSOENHANCINGBELIEVETHEMULTIPURPOSEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLSBYITSSURVIVABILITYWORLDWIDEINTHEMOREDIFFERENTPROCESSINGSCENESTHEOFFLINEPROGRAMMINGOPTIMIZATIONANDTHENCAUTOMATICCONTROLSYSTEMSFORMATIONALREADYMADETHISTECHNOLOGYTOBEEASIERTOACCEPT,WHENTHEREFOREUSESTHEPROCEDUREWHENTHEENGINEBED,DOESNOTNEEDTOSPENDMANYTIMETUNEUPPROCEDUREANDCONFIRMEDTHATSOMEPARTDOESNOTHAVETHEQUESTIONIFCOMPONENTSNEEDTOPROVIDETHEHIGHANDLOWTWOREVOLVINGTOOLBOXSADDLESIMULTANEOUSLYTOCARRYONTHEROUGHMACHINING,INTHISKINDOFSITUATIONTHEPROGRAMMINGISQUITEDIFFICULT,BECAUSEITNEEDSTWOREVOLVINGTOOLBOXSADDLESALSOTOFEEDTHEADMACSYSTEMMAYREALIZETOOLRESTSAUTOMATICPROGRAMMINGWHICHSIMULTANEOUSLYFEEDSTOTHESE,ANDCANCAUSETHECORRECTMAINAXLESPEED,THECORRECTFEEDRATEANDSOONALLPARAMETERSTOREALIZETHESYNCHRONIZATIONOKUMACORPORATIONSCOLLISIONAVOIDANCESYSTEMDESIGNBASEDONACTUALPROCESSINGOPERATINGMODEANTICOLLISIONSIMULATION,THEREFORE,IFTHEOPERATORHASINSTALLEDTHEWRONGCUTTINGTOOLORHASESTABLISHEDTHEWRONGPARAMETER,THECONTROLSYSTEMWILLEXAMINEANDPREVENTSTHEENGINEBEDTOENTERTHEPROCESSINGCONDITIONTHROUGHCOOPERATESWITHTHESIEMENS,INDEXCORPORATIONMAYPROVIDETHE3DPATTERNNOW“THEHYPOTHESIZEDENGINEBED”,HASCUSTOMMADEACCORDINGTOSOMESPECIFICMODELSENGINEBEDTHERESULTINDICATEDTHATTHESIMULATIONPROCESSESNOTONLYTHEFABRICATEDPARTSANDTHEACTUALENDPRODUCTISSIMILAR,ISTHEONETOONECOPYSIMPLYTHEINTUITIONTYPECONTROLINTERFACE,THESIMULATIONASWELLASOTHERSOFTWARETECHNIQUEAREPROGRESSIVE,THEMOREPRODUCTIONWORKSHOPSHAVEOPENEDWIDETHEFRONTDOORTOTHEMULTIPURPOSEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLS,BUTIFDOESNOTHAVETHECORRESPONDINGKNOWLEDGETOTRAINANDTOSOLVETHEQUESTIONCREATIVITY,THEMANUFACTURERISALSOVERYDIFFICULTTOREALIZEANDTHEFULLUSEADVANCEDENGINEBEDFLEXIBILITYASPECTSUPERIORITYTHEWORKWHICHDOESTOTHEMACHINEAREMORE,THEMACHINEWILLBEMORECOMPLEX,ALSONEEDSTOHAVETHESTRONGERSKILLPERSONCORRESPONDINGLYTOBEABLETOOPERATEITIFMACHINISTPASTONEDAYOPERATED3ENGINEBEDS,THENHEHASTHISKINDOFMULTIPURPOSEENGINEBEDNOW,MIGHTPRODUCEMORECOMPONENTSMOREIMPORTANTLY,HEMAYDRAWSUPPORTFROMSOFTWARESHELPTOCAUSETHEPRODUCTIONEFFICIENCYTOBEHIGHER,REGARDINGTRANSFORMATIONPROCESSINGCOMPONENTSPREPARATION,MAYALSOESTABLISHTHEPROCESSINGCRAFTPLANBECAUSETHEREPLACEMENTCOMPONENTSNEEDTOLOWER3MAINAXLES,THEREFOREBEFOREREPLACINGTHECOMPONENTS,THEWORKSHOPSHOULDPROCESSASFARASPOSSIBLEMANYCOMPONENTSREGARDINGTHEMULTIPURPOSEENGINEBEDS,THETRANSFORMATIONCOMPONENTSSPEEDISQUICK,THEPRODUCTIONBATCHOFTIMEINTERVALISSHORTER,THESTOCKISLOWER,THEPRODUCTIONEFFICIENCYISHIGHERCANUSEMULTIPURPOSEENGINEBEDSSOMEWORKSHOPSFULLY,VERYQUICKWILLDISCOVERTHEPOSTFUNCTIONTHEUNIFICATIONNOW,AWORKSHOPMAYONLYUSEANOPERATOR,ANADJUSTERANDAPROGRAMMINGTEACHER,INTHEFUTURETHESE3WORKDEFINITELYMAYDOBYAPERSONINTHETRADITIONALPOSTDESCRIPTIONTHEMACHINISTWILLTRANSITBECOMESONETOADJUSTENGINEER,IFTHISENGINEERTHEFAMILIARCOMPONENTSPROCESSINGPROGRAMMING,THATWEREALSOMOREIDEALREGARDINGSUCHTRANSFORMATION,TRAININGHASBEENSIMPLE,SOLONGASTRAINS1INDIVIDUALLINE,BUTISNOT3INDIVIDUALSLOOKINGFROMTHELONGVIEWS,THISWILLPROVIDETOTHEPEOPLETHEHIGHERPOSTDEGREEOFSATISFACTIONWHENADJUSTSENGINEERTOBERESPONSIBLETOPROCESSTHEPROGRAMMING,ANDPAYSATTENTIONTOTHECOMPONENTSPROCESSINGPERSONALLYTIMETHEENTIREPROCESS,HECOMPLETELYHASBECOMETHISCOMPONENTSCONTROLINADDITION,BUTSHOULDALSOMAKESMOREEFFORTINTHECUTTINGTOOLCHOICEANDTHEPROGRAMMINGASPECT,MUSTMAKEANYMODELTHEMULTIPURPOSEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLTOSUCCEED,THEWORKSHOPNEEDSTOPROVIDETHESKILLEDMACHINIST,HASABILITYANDCOMPLETESMANYKINDSOFOPERATIONSNIMBLYTHEREFORE,CROSSWISETRAININGWASATANYTIMEINTHEPASTMOREIMPORTANTREGARDEDASTHEMILLINGANDTHELATHEWORKTHEDIFFERENTBELONGSTOTHEIRTIMEREGARDINGPERSONNELWHOWILLPROGRAM,WILLUNDERSTANDTHEENGINEBEDANDCONTROLSIT,THISWILLBETHEIRABILITYMANIFESTATIONTHECUTTINGTOOLWILLCHOOSEMOSTPEOPLENOTTOINSTALLTHEPASSENGERVEHICLETIRETOTHERACECARON,BUTPROCESSEDTHECUTTINGTOOLTOHAVESUCHSITUATIONTHECUTTINGTOOLSHOULDMATCHWITHTHENEWENGINEBED,ISCONCEIVABLYREDUNDANTONTHENEWENGINEBEDUSESTHEOLDCUTTINGTOOLTOTHEPRODUCTIONEFFICIENCYINFLUENCEINORDERTOMATCHTHEMULTIPURPOSEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLS,THENEWCUTTINGTOOLANDTHECUTTINGTOOLADAPTERTECHNOLOGYWASALREADYDEVELOPEDATPRESENTTHEINDUSTRIALFIELDISDEVELOPINGTHEDEVELOPMENTTHEPROCESSINGCUTTINGTOOL,MAYCOMPLETETHETURNINGONTHEIDENTICALTOOLREST,BORINGANDDRILLSTRUNCATESTHEPROCESSING,ISONLYPROCESSESTHEPHASETODIFFERFROMREGARDINGTHEWORKPIECEANGLETHEPROCESSINGOPERATESTHEDIFFERENCEEVENCONFUSESISUNCLEARTHENEWPROCESSINGCUTTINGTOOLMAYCOMPLETETHEMILLINGANDTHETURNINGTHEMACHINERYAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGYFIRSTSTARTSFROMTHE1920SINTHEMACHINEMANUFACTURECOLDFINISHINGPRODUCTIONINENORMOUSQUANTITIESPROCESSTODEVELOPTHEAPPLICATION,AFTERINTHE60S,TOADAPTTHEMARKETDEMANDANDTHECHANGE,FORTHEENHANCEMENTMACHINEBUILDINGINDUSTRYTOTHEMARKETNIMBLERAPIDREACTIONSABILITY,STARTSTOESTABLISHTHEVARIABLEAUTOMATIONPRODUCTIONSYSTEM,NAMELYREVOLVESTHECOMPUTERTECHNOLOGYTHEFLEXIBLEAUTOMATIONITISINTHEMANUFACTURESYSTEMINVARIABLEORINTHECHANGESMALLSITUATION,THEMACHINERYEQUIPMENTEITHERPRODUCTIONMANAGEMENTPROCESSTHROUGHTHEAUTOMATICDETECTION,THEINFORMATIONPROCESSING,THEANALYSISJUDGMENTREALIZESTHEANTICIPATEDOPERATIONORSOMEKINDOFPROCESSAUTOMATICALLY,ANDCANFROMMAKEONEKINDOFCOMPONENTSTOTRANSFORMAUTOMATICALLYTOMAKESANOTHERKINDOFDIFFERENTCOMPONENTSTHESOCIALPRACTICEPROVEDTHATUNDERTHISKINDOFDEFINITIONSMANUFACTURESYSTEMAUTOMATIONANDTHECONTEMPORARYMAJORITYENTERPRISESARENOTACTUALLYACCOMMODATINGTHECONTEMPORARYSOCIETYALSONOTINTHESCIENCEANDTECHNOLOGY,THEMATERIALANDTHEPERSONNELASPECTPREPARESTOREALIZETHISAUTOMATEDCONDITION,INSISTSSUCHTODOONLYMEETSTHEWASTEDEFFORTTHISKINDOFSITUATIONISNOTEXCEPTIONALREGARDINGTHESEPARATEPRODUCTIONMETHODSMACHINEBUILDINGINDUSTRY,THEDIFFICULTYCANBIGGERTHEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLFUTUREDEVELOPMENTMOREUSETRANSMISSIONSANDSOONVARIABLESPEEDMOTORANDBALLBEARINGGUIDESCREW,WILLSIMPLIFYSTRUCTURE,THEREDUCTIONPRODUCTIONMETRE;USESTHENUMERICALCONTROLSYSTEMANDTHEHEADSTOCK,THEJIGAUTOMATICREPLACEMENTSYSTEM,ENHANCESTHECRAFTCONTROLLABILITY;ASWELLASINTEGRATESTHEFLEXIBLEMANUFACTURESYSTEMANDSOON中文译文多用途组合机床对于多功能组合机床,在工业领域有许多名字来描述它,如“多任务处理装置”,“多功能机床”,“多工序生产系统”等,它确实可称为加工领域的新星,可降低成本,简化配置,和一直保持在美国本土生产。在过去,只有使用多机操作才能完成的任务,现在可以集中到一台机床上加工完成。由于市场需求的不断变化,产品生命周期不断减少,今天的市场需求也更加强烈,多任务处理装置的概念。实施精益管理在整个生产环境,并没有集中的零件加工到机器上完成一个更好的利润。一些传统的制造业厂商认为,多功能组合机床是太复杂,要找到合适的运营商也难的问题,创新对金属加工的基本原理的不足,在生产车间相关的新机床使用的解决方案方面的训练地点非常困难。直觉型的技术控制设备使用“带走热量”式的设计,有不同的材料,床身,钢制直线滚动导轨,在钢制转塔刀架,设备的使用,所有这些结合在一起,使发动机的床。这些与导热系数,体积膨胀是相关的。所有不同大小的东西能以不同的速度增长。由于这个原因,要使发动机热友好床,以了解发热的薄弱点在哪里,可以补偿通过合理的机床的设计。该部分是整个旅程的运动。机床滑动摩擦热产生和变换。机械加工产生的热屑落在不同的地方,制冷剂可以混合在整个过程。将不同温度省不断的切割工具,因此也会有很多事情要对热稳定性的影响。切削刀具技术将多功能组合机床有铣削动力”的多功能机”。据资料介绍,最显著的特点是在这些机床的整体直觉。防撞保护技术已经成熟,在某些情况下,即使使用人工操作模式,也能避免发生碰撞。由于控制软件有很好的直觉,用户操作友好程度也在不断提高。相信多功能组合机床以其生存能力在全球多个不同处理的场景。离线编程的优化和自动控制系统的形成已成为该技术更容易接受,所以当使用程序时,机床,不需要花很多时间调整程序,确认了部分没有问题。如果组件需要提供高、低两个转塔刀架同时进行粗加工,在这种情况下,程序是相当困难的,因为它需要两转塔刀架也喂。该ADMAC系统可以实现刀架的自动编程,同时将这些,可以使正确的主轴速度,正确的进给速度等参数的同步实现。日本大隈公司的防撞系统的设计基于实际加工操作模式的防碰撞仿真,因此,如果运营商已经安装了错误的切割工具或建立了错误的参数,控制系统将检查和防止机床进入加工条件。通过与西门子公司合作,指数可能提供3D模式现在“虚拟机床”,定制根据一些具体模型的机床。结果表明,模拟过程不仅制造零件和实际的最终产品是相似的,是一份简单的。直觉式控制接口,仿真以及其它软件技术的进步,更多的生产车间有敞开的多功能组合机床

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