会员注册 | 登录 | 微信快捷登录 QQ登录 微博登录 | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
站内搜索 百度文库

热门搜索: 直缝焊接机 矿井提升机 循环球式转向器图纸 机器人手爪发展史 管道机器人dwg 动平衡试验台设计

   首页 人人文库网 > 资源分类 > DOC文档下载

外文翻译--多自由度铝合金机械手的设计与实现.doc

  • 资源星级:
  • 资源大小:36.00KB   全文页数:6页
  • 资源格式: DOC        下载权限:注册会员
您还没有登陆,请先登录。登陆后即可下载此文档。
  合作网站登录: 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录   QQ登录   微博登录
友情提示
2:本站资源不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器直接下载(不支持QQ浏览器)
3:本站资源下载后的文档和图纸-无水印,预览文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

外文翻译--多自由度铝合金机械手的设计与实现.doc

1山东轻工业学院中英文翻译院系名称机械工程学院学生姓名专业班级机械设计制造及其自动化084指导教师二○一二年四月二十日2AluminummultidegreeoffreedommanipulatorDesignandImplementationMechanicalhand,isalsocalledfrombegins,autohandcanimitatethemanpowerandarmscertainholdingfunction,withbypressesthefixedroutinetocapture,thetransportingthingORoperationtoolsautomaticoperationinstallment.Itmayreplacepersonsstrenuouslabortorealizetheproductionmechanizationandtheautomation,canoperateunderthehostileenvironmentprotectsthepersonalsafety,thuswidelyappliesindepartmentsandsoonmachinemanufacture,metallurgy,electron,lightindustryandatomicenergy.Themanipulatorismainlycomposedofthehandandthemotion.Thehandisusesfortograspholdstheworkpieceortoolthepart,accordingtoisgraspedholdsthethingshape,thesize,theweight,thematerialandtheworkrequesthasmanykindsofstructuralstyles,liketheclamp,therequestholdandtheadsorptionandsoon.Themotion,causesthehandtocompleteeachkindofrotationswinging,themigrationorthecompoundmotionrealizesthestipulationmovement,changesisgraspedholdsthethingpositionandtheposture.Motionsfluctuation,theexpansion,revolvingandsoonindependencemovementway,iscalledmanipulatorsdegreeoffreedom.Inordertocaptureinthespacetheoptionalpositionandthepositionobject,musthave6degreesoffreedom.Thedegreeoffreedomisthekeyparameterwhichthemanipulatordesigns.Thedegreeoffreedomaremore,manipulatorsflexibilityisbigger,theversatilityisbroader,itsstructureisalsomorecomplex.Generallythespecialpurposemanipulatorhas23degreesoffreedom.Themanipulatorstype,maydivideintothehydraulicpressuretype,theairoperatedaccordingtothedrivetype,electromotivetype,themechanicalmanipulatorMaydivideintothespecialpurposemanipulatorandthegeneralpurposemanipulatortwokindsaccordingtotheapplicablescopeMaydivideintothepositioncontrolandthecontinuouspathaccordingtothepathcontrolmodecontrolsthemanipulatorandsoon.Themanipulatorusuallyservesastheenginebedorothermachinesaddoncomponent,likeontheautomaticmachineortheautomaticproductionlineloadingandunloadingandthetransmissionworkpiece,replacesthecuttingtoolinthemachiningcenterandsoon,generallydoesnothavetheindependentcontroldevice.Someoperatingequipmentneedsbythepersondirectcontrol,ifusesinthehostwhotheatomicenergydepartmentmanagesthedangerousgoodsfromthetypeoperatoralsooftenbeingcalledthemanipulator.Robotisatypeofmechantronicsequipmentwhichsynthesizesthelastresearchachievementofengineandprecisionengine,microelectronicsandcomputer,automationcontrolanddrive,sensorandmessagedisposeandartificialintelligenceandsoon.Withthedevelopmentofeconomicandthedemandforautomationcontrol,robottechnologyisdevelopedquicklyandalltypesoftherobotsproductsarecomeintobeing.Thepracticalityuseofrobotproductsnotonlysolvestheproblemswhich3aredifficulttooperateforhumanbeing,butalsoadvancestheindustrialautomationprogram.Atpresent,theresearchanddevelopmentofrobotinvolvesseveralkindsoftechnologyandtherobotsystemconfigurationissocomplexthatthecostatlargeishighwhichtoacertainextentlimittherobotabroaduse.Todevelopmenteconomicpracticalityandhighreliabilityrobotsystemwillbevaluetorobotsocialapplicationandeconomydevelopment.Withtherapidprogresswiththecontroleconomyandexpandingofthemoderncities,theletofsewageisincreasingquicklyWiththedevelopmentofmoderntechnologyandtheenhancementofconsciousnessaboutenvironmentreserve,moreandmorepeoplerealizedtheimportanceandurgentofsewagedisposal.Activebacteriamethodisaneffectivetechniqueforsewagedisposal,Thelacunarisplasticisaneffectivebasementforactivebacteriaadhesionforsewagedisposal.Theabundancerequirementforlacunarisplasticmakesitisaconsequentfortheplasticproducingwithautomationandhighproductivity.Therefore,itisverynecessarytodesignamanipulatorthatcanautomaticallyfulfilltheplasticholding.Withtheanalysisoftheproblemsinthedesignoftheplasticholdingmanipulatorandsynthesizingtherobotresearchanddevelopmentconditioninrecentyears,aeconomicschemeisconcludedonthebasisoftheanalysisofmechanicalconfiguration,transformsystem,drivedeviceandcontrolsystemandguidedbytheideaofthecharacteristicandcomplexofmechanicalconfiguration,electronic,softwareandhardware.Inthisarticle,themechanicalconfigurationcombinesthecharacterofdirectioncoordinateandthearthrosiscoordinatewhichcanimprovethestabilityandoperationflexibilityofthesystem.Themainfunctionofthetransmissionmechanismistotransmitpowertoimplementdepartmentandcompletethenecessarymovement.Inthistransmissionstructure,thescrewtransmissionmechanismtransmitstherotarymotionintolinearmotion.Wormgearcangivevarytransmissionratio.Bothofthetransmissionmechanismshaveacharacteristicofcompactstructure.Thedesignofdrivesystemoftenislimitedbytheenvironmentconditionandthefactorofcostandtechnicallever.Thestepmotorcanreceivedigitalsignaldirectlyandhastheabilitytoresponseouterenvironmentimmediatelyandhasnoaccumulationerror,whichoftenisusedindrivingsystem.Inthisdrivingsystem,openloopcontrolsystemiscomposedofsteppingmotor,whichcansatisfythedemandnotonlyforcontrolprecisionbutalsoforthetargetofeconomicandpracticality.Onthisbasis,theanalysisofsteppingmotorinpowercalculatingandstyleselectingisalsogiven.Theanalysisofkinematicsanddynamicsforobjectholdingmanipulatorisgivenincompletingthedesignofmechanicalstructureanddrivesystem.Kinematicsanalysisisthebasisofpathprogrammingandtrackcontrol.Thepositiveandreverseanalysisofmanipulatorgivestherelationshipbetweenmanipulatorspaceanddrivespaceinpositionandspeed.Therelationshipbetweenmanipulatorstippositionandarthrosisanglesisconcludedbycoordinatetransformmethod.Thegeometrymethodisusedinsolvinginversekinematicsproblemandtheresultwillprovidetheoryevidenceforcontrolsystem.Thef0unctionofdynamicsistogettherelationshipbetweenthemovementandforceandthetargetistosatisfythedemandofrealtimecontrol.inthis4chamfer,NewtonEuripidesmethodisusedinanalysisdynamicproblemof七hecleaningrobotandthearthrosisforceandtorquearegivenwhichprovidethefoundationforstepmotorselectingandstructuredynamicoptimalting.Controlsystemisthekeyandcorepartoftheobjectholdingmanipulatorsystemdesignwhichwilldirecteffectthereliabilityandpracticalityoftherobotsysteminthedivisionofconfigurationandcontrolfunctionandalsowilleffectorlimitthedevelopmentcostandcycle.WiththedemandofthePCL839card,thePCcomputerwhichhasa.tightstructureandiseasytobeextendedisusedastheprincipalcomputercellandtakesthefunctionofsysteminitialization,dataoperationanddispose,stepmotordriveanderrordiagnoseandsoon.Atthesametime,theconfigurationstructurefeatures,taskprinciplesandthepositionfunctionwithhighprecisionofthecontrolcardPCL839areanalyzed.Hardwareisthematterfoundationofthecontrol.Systemandthesoftwareisthespiritofthecontrolsystem.Thetargetofthesoftwareistocombineallthepartsinoptimizingstyleandtoimprovetheefficiencyandreliabilityofthecontrolsystem.Thesoftwaredesignoftheobjectholdingmanipulatorcontrolsystemisdividedintoseveralblockssuchassysteminitializationblock,dataprocessblockanderrorstationdetectanddisposemodelandsoon.PCL839cardcansolvethecommunicationbetweenthemaincomputerandthecontrolcellsandtakethemeasureofreducingtheinfluenceoftheoutersignaltothecontrolsystem.Thestartandstopfrequencyofthestepmotorisfarlowerthanthemaximumrunningfrequency.Inordertoimprovetheefficiencyofthestepmotor,theincreaseanddecreaseofthespeedismustconsideredwhenthestepmotorrunninginhighspeedandstartorstopwithgreatacceleration.Theincreaseanddecreaseofthemotorsspeedcanbecontrolledbythepulsefrequencysenttothestepmotordrivewitharationalmethod.Thiscanbeimplementedeitherbyhardwareorbysoftware.Astepmotorshiftcontrolmethodisproposed,whichissimpletocalculate,easytorealizeandthetheorymeansisstraightforward.Themotorsaccelerationcanfitthetorquefrequencycurveproperlywiththismethod.Andtheamountofcalculationloadislessthanthelinearaccelerationshiftcontrolmethodandthemethodwhichisbasedontheexponentialruletochangespeed.Themethodistestedbyexperiment.Atlast,theresearchcontentandtheachievementaresumupandtheproblemsandshortagesinmainthecontentarealsolisted.Thedevelopmentandapplicationofrobotinthefutureisexpected.

注意事项

本文(外文翻译--多自由度铝合金机械手的设计与实现.doc)为本站会员(英文资料库)主动上传,人人文库网仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对上载内容本身不做任何修改或编辑。 若此文所含内容侵犯了您的版权或隐私,请立即通知人人文库网([email protected]),我们立即给予删除!

温馨提示:如果因为网速或其他原因下载失败请重新下载,重复下载不扣分。

copyright@ 2015-2017 人人文库网网站版权所有
苏ICP备12009002号-5