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外文翻译--管理信息系统.doc

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外文翻译--管理信息系统.doc

ManagementInformationSystemItistheMISManagementInformationSystemthatweconstantlysaythatthemanagementinformationsystem,andislivingtoemphasizetheadministration,andemphasizesthatitchangesintomoreandmoresignificantlyandmoreandmoreisuniversalizedinthecontemporarycommunityofmessage.MISisafreshbranchoflearning,anditleapedoverseveralterritories,andforinstanceadministersscientificknowledge,systemscience,operationalresearch,statisticalongwithcalculatingmachinescientificknowledge.Islivingonthesethebranchesoflearningbase,andtakesshapethatthemessageisgatheredandtheprocessmeans,therebytakeshapethesystemthatthecrossbarmingles.1.TheManagementInformationSystemSummary20centuries,inthewakeoftheflourishingdevelopmentofwholeworldeconomy,numerouseconomistsproposethefreshadministrationtheoryonebyone.XiMenproposetheadministrationandwasdependentonideatomessageanddecisionofstrategicimportanceinthe50s20centuries.Thedimensionofsimultaneousstageisadmittedissuingcybernetics,andhethinksthattheadministrationisacontrolprocedure.In1958,Ger.writethelidtheadministrationshallobtainwithoutdelaywiththelowercostandexactmessage,completesthebettercontrol.Thisparticularperiod,thecalculatingmachinestartsbeingusedaccountancywork.Thedatahandlingtermhasrisen.In1970,WalterT.Kennevangiveadministrationthathasraisedtheonlyashortwhileagoinformationsystemtermtogetoffadefinitioneitherthecoverofthebookshapewiththediscount,islivingappropriatelytimetodirector,staffmemberalongwiththeoutsideworldpersonnelstaffsuppliesthepastandnowandmessagethatinternalforecastingtheapproachingrelevantbusinessreachessuchenvironment,inordertoassisttheymakeastrategicdecision.Islivinginthisdefinitiontoemphasize,yetdoesnotemphasizeusingthepattern,andmentionthecalculatingmachineapplicationinthewayofthemessagesupportdecisionofstrategicimportance.In1985,admonishinginformationsystemoriginator,titleBuddhistnunSuDauniversityadministrationprofessorGordonB.Davisgivethemanagementinformationsystemrelativelyintegrateddefinition,inimmediatefutureadministertheinformationsystemisoneusecalculatingmachinesoftwareandhardwareresourcesalongwithdatabankmantheenginesystem.Itbeabletosupplymessagesupportbusinesseitherorganizationoperation,administrationorthedecisionmakingfunction.Comprehensivedirectionsofthisdefinitionmanagementinformationsystemtargetandmeritoriousservicecapacityandcomponent,butalsomakeknownthemanagementinformationsystemtobelivingthelevelthatattainsatthattime.1.1TheDevelopingHistoryofMISThemanagementinformationsystemislivingthemostprimarilyphaseiscountingthesystem,thesubstancewhichresearchedistheregularpatternonfacebetweentheincrementaldata,itwhatmayseparateintothedatabeingmutuallyrelatedandmorenotbeingmutuallyrelatedseries,afterwardsactasthedataconversiontomessage.Thesecondstageisthedataarereplacedthesystem,anditisthattheSABREthattheAmericanairlinecompanyputuptointhe50s20centuriessubscribestobookthebanknotesystemthatsuchtypestandsfor.Itpossess1008banknotebookingspots,andmayaccess600000travelerkeeptheminutesand27000flightsegmentsrecord.Itsoperationiscomparativelymorecomplex,andislivingwhateveronespotwhollytocheckwhethertobethefreeplaceupsomeoneflightnumbers.Yetthroughapproximatelyattendingschooluptosay,itisonlyadataandreplacesthesystem,forinstanceitcannotletknowyouwiththebanknotethesellingvelocitynowwhenthebanknoteshallbesellthrough,therebytakesremedyingthestep.Asaresultitalsoisadministerinformationsystemrudimentaryphase.Thethirdphaseisthestatusreportssystem,anditmayseparateintomanufacturestatespeechandservicestateandmakeknownandresearchthesystemssuchasstatusreportsandsoon.ItstypestandsfortheproductioncontrolsystemthatistheIBMcorporationtotheforinstancemanufacturestatespeechsystem.Asisknowntoall,thecalculatingmachinecorporationthattheIBMcorporationisthelargestontheworld,in1964itgivenbirthtomiddlesizedcalculatingmachineIBM360andcausesthecalculatingmachinelevelliftastep,yetformthatthemanufactureadministrationwork.Yetenormouslycomplicatedlydissolvemoreover,thecalculatingmachineovertakes15000differencecomponentsoncemore,inadditiontheplantofIBMextendsallovertheAmericanvariousplacestoeveryonecomponentsoncemorelikeworksanelement,andtheorderofdifferencepossessdifferencecomponentsandthedifferenceelement,andhavetopointoutthatwhatelementwhatplantwhatinstallationgivesbirthto,hencenotmerelygivingbirthtocomplexly,fitting,installationandtransportationwhollyfullycomplex.Havetotherebeamanufacturestatusreportssystemthattakesthecalculatingmachineinordertoguaranteebeingunderwaysuccessfullyofmanufacturealongwithelsesegmentasthebase.HencethesameagesIBMestablishthesystematicAASofwelldevelopedadministrationitbeabletocarryon450professionalworkoperations.In1968,thecorporationestablishesthecommunaloncemoreandmanufacturesinformationsystemCMISandrunsandsucceedsverymuch,thepastneeds15weekswork,thatsystemmerelymaybecompletedinthewayof3weeks.Itisthedatahandlingsystemthatthestatusreportssystemstillpossessonekindofshape,andthatitisusedforhandlestheeverydayprofessionalworktomakeknownwithmanufacture,andstressrestswithbythehandworktaskautomation,andliftstheeffectivenesswithsavesthelaborpower.Thedatahandlingsystemordinarilycannotsupplydecisionofstrategicimportancemessage.Lastphaseisthesupportsystemsmakeastrategicdecision,anditistheinformationsystembeingusedforsupplementarymakingastrategicdecision.Thatsystemmayprogramandtheanalysisscheme,andgoesoverkeyandtheerrorsolveaproblem.Itsproperbetterpersonmachinedialoguemeans,maywithnotparticularlythepersonnelstaffwhohaveanintimateknowledgeofthecalculatingmachineholdconversation.Itordinarilyconsistsofsomepatternsoastocomeintobeingdecisionofstrategicimportancemessage,yetemphasizecomprehensiveadministrationmeritoriousservicecapacity.1.2TheApplicationofManagementInformationSystemThemanagementinformationsystemisusedtothemostbasework,likedumpreportform,calculationpayandoccurrencesinhumantubesandsoon,andthendevelopingupbusinessfinancialaffairsadministrationsandinventorycontrolandsoonindividualeventoperationalcontrol,thispertainstotheelectrondatahandlingEDPDataProcessingsystem.Whenestablishthebusinessdatabank,therebypossessthecalculatingmachineelectricnetworktoattaindatasharingqueen,theslavesystemconceptisstartoff,whentheimplementationthesituationasawholeismadeprogramandthedesigninformationsystem,attainedtheadministrationinformationsystemphase.Inthewakeofcalculatingmachinetechniqueprogressandthedemandadjustthesystemofpeopleliftfurther,peopleemphasizemorefurthermoreadministertheinformationsystemphase.Progressandpeopleinthewakeofthecalculatingmachinetechniqueliftatthedemandadjustthesystemfurther,peopleemphasizemorefurthermoretoadministertheinformationsystemwhetherbackbusinesshigherleveltoleadmakesastrategicdecisionthismeritoriousservicecapacity,stillmorelayspecialemphasisonthegatheringtotheexternalmessageofbusinessandintegrateddatastorehouse,modellibrary,meansstorehouseandelseartificialintelligencemeanswhetherdirectlytodecisionofstrategicimportanceperson,thisisthesupportsystemDDSmissionmakingastrategicdecision.ThereisthepartapplicationthatfewbusinessstartMISinnerplacethelimitoftheworldattheearlydaysofbeinglivinginthe70s20centuries.Upatthemoment,MISisliving,andtherebetheappropriatepopularizationrateineverystatenationinworld,andnearlycoveredthateveryprofessionreacheseverydepartment.1.3TheDirectionofMISDevelopmentClose20curtainsexternalgrandduketakeschargeofhavingarisen3kindsofalternationsA.PayingspecialattentiontotheadministrationbeingemphasizedtoestablishingMISssystem,andcausingtheadministrationtechniqueheadfortheageing.B.Themessageisthedecisionofstrategicimportancefoundation,andMISsuppliesthemessageserviceintheinterestofdirectoratalltimes.C.DirectorcausessuchmanagementprogramgettingintouchwithtogetherwiththeconcreteprofessionalworkmaneuverbymeansofMIS.notmerelybigandmiddlesizedbusinessuniversallyestablishMISsomesmallsizebusinessalsonotexceptionsofself,universallyestablishthecommunaldatanetwork,liketheelectronicmailandelectrondataexchangeandsoon,MISsuppliedthewellsupportenvironmenttotheapplicationofIntranetstechniquetospeedilydevelopingofINTERNETespeciallyinthepastfewyearsintheinterestofthebusiness.Throughinternationaltechniquedevelopmenttendencyissee,inthe90s20centurieshadarisensomekindsofbrandnewadministrationtechnique.1.BusinessProcessesRebuildBPRAbusinessshouldvaluecorrectlytimeandproducequality,manufacturingcostandtechnicalserviceandsoonseveralsectionadministrations,gripatthemomentorganizationandtheprocesscomposeoncemore,andcompletesthatmeritoriousservicecapacityintegrationist,operationprocessizationandorganizationformfluctuation.2.IntelligentizationDecisionSupportSystemIDSSTheintelligentizationdecisionofstrategicimportancesupportsystemwassufficientlyconsiderdemandandtheworkdistinguishingfeatureofbusinesshigherlevelpersonnelstaff.3.LeanProductionLPApplicationgivebirthtoontime,comprehensivequalitycontrolandparallelprojectthatpickedamountisgivenbirthtoandsoonthetechnique,theutmostproductdesigncuttingdownandproductioncycle,raiseproducequalityandcutsdownthereproducedgoodstoreserve,andislivinginthemanufacturepromotecorpsessence,inordertomeetthedemandthatclientcontinuouslychanges.4.AgileManufactureAMOnekindofbusinessadministrationpatternthatpossessthevision,suchdistinguishingfeatureisworkersandstaffmembersqualityishigh,andtheorganizationsimplifiesandthemultipurposegroupeffectivenessGAOmessageloadingisagileandanswersclientrequiresswiftly.2.TheEffectToTheBusinessAdministrationofMISDevelopmentTheeffecttothebusinessadministrationofthemanagementinformationsystemdevelopmentisadministeredthechangetobusinessandbusinessadministrationofinformationsystemdevelopmentandcomeintobeingandiscomingintobeingthefarreachingeffectwith.Decisionofstrategicimportance,particularlystrategicdecisionmakingmaybeassistedbytheadministrationinformationsystem,anditsgoodorbaddirectlyaffectslivingandthedevelopmentupthebusiness.TheMISisimpedingtheorientationdevelopmentthattheadministrationmeansoneanotherunitesthroughqualityandration.Thisexpresstoutilizetheadministrationinthecalculationwiththedifferentmathematicalmodeltheprobleminthequantitativeanalysisbusiness.Thepastadministerthattheproblemisdifficulttotest,butMISmayunitetheadministrationnecessaries,andsupplythesufficientdata,andsimulatestoproducethetermintheinterestoftheadministration.InthewakeofthedevelopmentofMIS,muchbusinesssitupthedecentralizedmessageconcentrationtoestablishtheinformationsystemministryofdirectlyunderdirector,andthechiefofinformationsystemministryisordinarilyintheinterestofassistantmanagersgrade.Aftertheauthorityofbusinessiscentralizeduphighqualityadministrationpersonnelstaffshand,asifcausingmuchsectionsofficeworkdecrease,hencesomeoneprophesy,middlelayermanagementshallvanish.Inreality,thereappearancephaseemployedlayermanagementamongtheinformationsystemqueennotmerelynottodecrease,onthecontrarytherebeingtheincreaseabit.Thisisfor,althoughthemiddlelayermanagementpersonnelstaffgettingoffexonerateoutthroughloadeddownwithtrivialdetailsdailyroutine,yetneedsthemtoanalysesresearchingworkinthewayofevenmoreenergy,liftfurtheradmonishingthedecisionofstrategicimportancelevel.InthewakeofthedevelopmentofMIS,thebusinesscontinuouslyaddstothedemandofhightechniqueatalentedperson,butthescarcethingofcapabilityshallbewashedoutgradually.Thiscompelspeoplebymeansofstudyandcultivating,andcontinuouslyliftsindividualsquality.Inthewakeofthenewsdispatchandelectricnetworkandfiletransmissionsystemdevelopment,businessstaffmemberisondutyinmanybeinglivingincomparablyeitherthehome.Havingcausedthatcorporationsavetheexpensesenormously,theworkefficiencyobviouslymovesupwardAmericanRankZeroscorporationtheofficesystemonthenet,intheinterestofthe

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