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外文翻译--组合机床的国内外现状.doc

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外文翻译--组合机床的国内外现状.doc

1CombinationMachineTooldomesticandforeignstatusCombinationoftheworldsfirstmachinewasavailableintheUnitedStatesin1908,afterthe30scombinationofmachinetoolsintherapiddevelopmentofallcountriesintheworld.Sofar,ithasbecomeamodernmanufacturingengineeringespeciallytheprocessingtankparts,oneofthekeyequipment.Modernmanufacturingengineeringcombinationsfromallanglesonamachinemoreandmoredemands,andthecombinationofmachinetoolshasbeentodrawtheresultsofnewtechnologiestoimproveanddevelop.1.StatusofthedomesticmachinetoolportfolioAfterChinasaccessiontotheWTO,themanufacturingindustryfacedwithbothopportunitiesandchallenges,combinedmachinetoolindustriesandenterprisesadjuststrategyandtakeanactivecopingstrategies,therehasbeenproduction,thegoodmomentumofboomingsales,asofApril2005,combinationmachinetoolindustryonlyacombinationofmachinetoolenterprises,accordingtoincompletestatisticsoutputreachedmorethan1,000units,theoutputvalueofMorethan9billionoverthesameperiodin2004increasedbymorethan10,Inadditiontheaddedvalueofcombinedmachinetoolline,productsalesrate,thetotalwagebillinfull,paythevalueofexportsandothereconomicindicatorshavedifferentlevelsofgrowth,newproducts,newtechnologieshavesubstantiallymorethanlastyearatanaverageannualincreaseinindustriesandenterprisescanbeseenoperatingingoodcondition(1)IndustrychangesinthestructureofenterpriseproductsCombinationofthemachinetoolindustrymainlyforautomobiles,motorcycles,internalcombustionengines,farmmachinery,engineeringmachinery,chemicalmachinery,military,energy,lightindustryandhomeappliancesindustryspecificequipment,withthefollowingChinasaccessiontotheWTOforfurtherintegrationwiththeworldmachine,combinationmachinetoolindustriesandenterprisesproductstotheNC,andflexiblechange.Fromthelasttwoyearsistheproductionsituation,CNCmachinetoolsandprocessingcentersintherisingmarketdemand,andthetraditionaldrilling,boring,millingmachineshowedadownwardtrend,China2InstituteofMachineToolIndustry,machinetoolindustriesandenterprisesofmajoreconomicindicatorsreportisthestatisticaldatashowsthatonlyafewlargescalenationalproductionofkeyenterprises,theproductionofCNCmachinetoolsin2003Taiwan890,outputvalueof161.87millionyuan,productionmachiningcenter148units,theoutputvalue57.7millionyuantheproductionofCNCmachinetoolsin2004Taiwan985,outputvalueof258.38millionyuan,productionandprocessingcenter159setstheoutputvalue70.99millionyuanandin2005,asofApril,numericalcontrolmachinetools,machiningcenter,theoutputvaluehasbeenclosetotheyear2003levelsintheNCmarket,highprecisionmanufacturingtechnologyandCompletedevelopmentoftechnologyequipment(2)FastchangingindustriesNinthFiveYearPlanlate,themachinetoolindustryinthecombinationofmorethan50portfoliocompaniesofthebranchmembersofmachinetools,onlytwosharesinthetransformationofenterprises,astateownedenterprisestoprivate,andtherestarestateownedenterprises.From2001to2002,lessthantwoyears,therehavebeenmorethanadozenonenterprisesjointstocktransformation,anumberofsmallfactories,almostallfromthestatetoprivate,andnowthefocusofstateownedenterprisesinsomecountriesaremakingjointstocktransformation,conversionhasbeenunavoidablefileInthewakeoftheprivateeconomyfromdiscrimination,andcontemptthatcannotnowattachgreatimportancetostage4,fullofvitality.Combinationofthemachinetoolindustryarejointstockenterprises,therapiddevelopmentofvariousformsofprivatization.(3)CombinationofmachinetooltechnologyandequipmentstatusquoanddevelopmenttrendModularMachineToolandElectricalautomaticlineissetinoneisahigherdegreeofintegratedautomationofmanufacturingprocesstechnologyandcompletesetsofequipment.Itischaracterizedbyhighefficiency,highquality,economicalandpractical,theyhavebeenwidelyappliedandengineeringmachinery,transportation,energy,militaryindustry,lightindustry,householdelectricalapplianceindustry.Chinascombinationoftraditionalmachinetoolsandautomaticlines3portfoliomainlymachines,electricity,gas,hydrauliccontrol,Themaintargetofitsprocessingisrelativelylargevolumeproductionoflargeandmediumsizedboxandshaftpartsdevelopedinrecentyears,acombinationofconnectingrodmachining,sheetitemsisalsoaccountedforashare,thecompletionofdrilling,reaming,Reaming,processingavarietyofthreads,boring,andtheBossendcars,avarietyofshapesintheholeboringslot,aswellasfacemillingandforming,suchasplanar.Combinationoftheclassificationofnumerousmachinetools,machinetoolsandlargeportfolioofsmallscalemachinetoolportfolio,therearesinglesided,doublesidedonthreesides,horizontal,vertical,tilttype,compound,Therearemultiturretmachinetoolportfolio,etc.astechnologycontinuestoprogress,anewtypeofmodularmachinetoolsmoreandmoreflexiblecombinationoftoolsisaproignorantpeople,theapplicationofanumberofspindleboxitcanbeforspindlebox,encodingtheaccompanyingautomaticfixtureandtoolreplacement,togetherwiththeprogrammablelogiccontrollerPLC,numericalcontrolNCandsoon,canchangethecycleofarbitrarycontrolanddrivesystem,andtheflexibilitytoadapttoavarietyofadjustablevariableprocessingacombinationofmachinetoolsInaddition,inrecentyears,combinationofmachiningcenters,CNCMachine,machinetools,suchasauxiliarytoolsintheportfolioshareofindustryisalsogrowing.Asthecombinationofmachineandautomaticlineisacomprehensivehightechnologyspecifichightechproducts,isbasedonthespecialrequirementsofusersanddesigned,whichinvolvesprocessingtechnology,tools,measurement,control,diagnosis,monitoring,cleaning,assemblyandleaktestingtechnology.Chinascombinationofautomatedmachinetoolsandtheircombinationlinethanintheoveralltechnologicallevellagsbehindthedevelopedcountries.Someofthenecessaryhighlevelofdomesticmachinetoolandautomaticlinecombinationofalmostallimportsfromabroad.Alargenumberofimportedtechnologyandequipmentinvestmentwillinevitablyleadtotheexpansionofproductioncostsandproducts.Therefore,themarketrequiresustoconstantlydevelopnewtechnologies,newtechniques,developnewproducts,fromtherigidmachinetoolstructure,thesoftdirectionofdevelopment,tomeetuserneeds,bothtrulybecomearigidflexibleautomation4equipment2.StatusofforeignportfoliotoolSincethe80s,machinetooltechnologyintheforeignportfoliotomeettherequirementsofaccuracyandefficiencyonthebasisoftheintegratedpackagesandismovinginthedirectionofthedevelopmentofaflexible.Combinationofprecisionmachinetoolprocessing,multispeciesprocessingofsoftandflexibleconfigurationtoolshaveanewbreakthroughintherealizationoftheworkingproceduresofsoftwaretools,andprocessesarehighlyconcentrated,highperformanceshortpulseandmultifunctionmonitorknow.Combinationofmachinetooltechnologytrends(1)ExtensiveapplicationofnumericalcontroltechnologyAcombinationofthemajorforeignmachinetoolmanufacturershavetheirownseriesofcompletecommonpartsCNCmachinetoolportfolio,portfoliotool,notonlyinthegeneraldrivingforcefortheapplicationofnumericalcontroltechnologycomponentsandthefixtureorturnthecorner,formetheautomaticindexingdeviceandpositioningareappliedCNCtechnologytomachinetoolstofurtherenhancetheworkofacombinationofreliabilityandprecisionmachining.GuangzhouPeugeotAutomobileCompanytopurchasefromFranceofthecylinderheadRenaultprocessingproductionlineisautomaticformebythecombinationofthethreecomponentsofmachinetools,allactionsareofNC,includingtheexchangeofautomaticfeedtableupanddowntheringspindleboxlibrarFixturecomponentsanddynamicmovement,thebeattimeto58seconds.(2)FlexibletechnologydevelopmentSincethe80s,onhighvolumeproductionoverseas,multispeciesprocessingequipmenttotakeaseriesofadjustable,variable,canbeformeasurestoenabletheprocessingequipmentwithacertainamountofflexibility.Hasbeendeveloped,suchasturretheadcanbecomposedofspindleboxforacombinationofmachinetoolsAtthesametime,thedevelopmentofmachiningcenterbasedonthedevelopmentoftwocoordinates,coordinatemodularprocessingunitasthebasisforthecompositionoftheflexiblemanufacturingAutoLineFTL.Suchchangesinthestructureofboth

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