欢迎来到人人文库网! | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
人人文库网
首页 人人文库网 > 资源分类 > DOC文档下载

外文翻译--蔬菜移栽机在发展中国家的展望.doc

  • 资源大小:60.00KB        全文页数:11页
  • 资源格式: DOC        下载权限:游客/注册会员/VIP会员    下载费用:5
游客快捷下载 游客一键下载
会员登录下载
下载资源需要5

邮箱/手机号:
您支付成功后,系统会自动为您创建此邮箱/手机号的账号,密码跟您输入的邮箱/手机号一致,以方便您下次登录下载和查看订单。注:支付完成后需要自己下载文件,并不会自动发送文件哦!

支付方式: 微信支付    支付宝   
验证码:   换一换

友情提示
2、本站资源不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器直接下载(不支持QQ浏览器)
3、本站资源下载后的文档和图纸-无水印,预览文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

外文翻译--蔬菜移栽机在发展中国家的展望.doc

外文翻译单行蔬菜钵体苗自动移栽机的设计取苗装置设计原文1VEGETABLETRANSPLANTERSFORUSEINDEVELOPINGCOUNTRIESAREVIEW译文1蔬菜移栽机在发展中国家的展望原文1DEVELOPINGCOUNTRIESCONTRIBUTE72OFTHETOTALVEGETABLEPRODUCTIONINTHEWORLDTHETRANSPLANTINGOPERATIONISONEOFTHEMOSTLABORINTENSIVEINVEGETABLEPRODUCTIONITISLARGELYDONEBYHANDININDIAANDMOSTDEVELOPINGCOUNTRIESANDINCURSLARGEINVESTMENTSINLABOR,TIME,ANDCOSTTHISARTICLEPRESENTSTHEDETAILSOFCONSTRUCTIONOFVEGETABLETRANSPLANTERSINADDITIONTORECENTADVANCESINTHEIRDEVELOPMENTPERFORMANCEOFTRANSPLANTERSUNDERACTUALFIELDCONDITIONSISDISCUSSEDTRADITIONALMETHODSOFTRANSPLANTINGVEGETABLESEEDLINGSFERMINGER1953REPORTEDTHATININDIA,FORSMALLSCALEVEGETABLEGARDENING,HOLESOF60CMDIAMETERAND30CMDEEPAREMANUALLYDUGINTHEFIELDATDESIREDSPACINGSTHESOILISMIXEDWITHFARMYARDMANURE,BONEMEAL,ANDWOODASHESTHEHOLEISTHENFILLEDTOADEPTHOF15–20CMANDPACKEDASEEDLINGISPLACEDINTHEMIDDLEOFTHEHOLEANDTOPSOILISFILLEDAROUNDTHESEEDLING,COMPACTED,FIRMED,ANDSOAKEDWITHWATERASHELTERISBUILTTOSHADETHESEEDLINGUNDERDRYWEATHERCONDITIONSTHISMETHODDOESNOTREQUIREANYFIELDPREPARATIONASHOVELORSPADEISTHEONLYIMPLEMENTUSEDCLASSIFICATIONOFVEGETABLETRANSPLANTERSANDSEEDLINGSTRANSPLANTERSAREDESIGNEDBASEDONSEEDLINGTYPETOBEUSEDTHESEMIAUTOMATICTRANSPLANTERSCANBEUSEDFORALMOSTALLTYPESOFSEEDLINGSTABLE1THEBAREROOTSEEDLINGSAREOBTAINEDBYPULLINGSEEDLINGSDIRECTLYFROMNURSERYBEDSTHESOILBLOCKSEEDLINGSAREOBTAINEDBYSOWINGOFSEEDSINMOISTSOILCUBESMADEBYMIXINGSOIL,PEAT,COMPOST,ANDSANDPRESS,2001THECELLMOLDSEEDLINGSAREGROWNINFLEXIBLEPLASTICTSUGA,2000ORHEAVYDUTYINJECTIONMOLDEDTRAYSHORTICULTURALSUPPLIESCO,MUMBAI,INDIAWITHCELLSTOFILLWITHTHESOILMIXANDSOWTHESEEDTRAYSCANCONTAIN128,200,OR288CELLS,INWHICHTHEARRANGEMENTOFCELLSIS816,1020,AND1224,RESPECTIVELYTSUGA,2000THEHORTICULTURALSUPPLIESCOTRAYHASFIVESECTIONS,EACHWITH30OR40CELLS,SUPPORTEDBYANOUTERTRAY,WHICHCANHOLD150OR200SEEDLINGSTHESHAPEOFTHECELLISANINVERTEDTRUNCATEDPYRAMIDANOTHERMETHODFORTRANSPLANTPRODUCTIONISTHEPAPERPOT,GENERALLYMADEFROMRECYCLEDPAPERPAPERPOTSPROVIDEANINDIVIDUALAREAFOREACHSEEDTOGERMINATEANDTHEPLANTTODEVELOPINDIANINSTITUTEOFHORTICULTURALRESEARCHIIHR,2006ATOTALOF128OR200POTSCANBEPLACEDONATRAYIN88OR1010ARRANGEMENTSTSUGA,2000SEMIAUTOMATICANDFULLYAUTOMATICTRANSPLANTERSCANBEUSEDFORPLANTINGCELLMOLDANDPAPERPOT–PRODUCEDSEEDLINGSTHELINKEDPAPERPOT,ORACHAINOFPOTSPREPAREDBYCONNECTINGASERIESOFPAPERPOTS,ISMADEBYJOININGTWOPLYSHEETSOFPAPERWITHWATERRESISTANTADHESIVENAMBUANDTANIMURA,1992THEYDONOTREQUIREATRAYFORHOLDINGSEEDLINGSBUTREQUIREANARRANGEMENTTOSEPARATETHECHAINOFPOTSINTOINDIVIDUALSBEFOREFEEDINGTHEMTOTHEPLANTINGUNITLINKEDPAPERPOTSAREUSEDONLYWITHFULLYAUTOMATICTRANSPLANTERSTHEWALKINGTYPESEMIAUTOMATICTRANSPLANTERSAREEITHERSELFPROPELLEDORHANDTRACTOR–OPERATEDMACHINESTHEYARERAREBECAUSETHEOPERATORHASTOCONCENTRATEONTHEOPERATIONOFTHEMACHINEANDFEEDINGTHESEEDLINGSRIDINGTYPETWOROWORTHREEROWSEMIAUTOMATICTRANSPLANTERSARETRACTORMOUNTEDORTRACTORPULLEDMACHINES,WHEREASTHOSETHATAREUSEDWITHMOREROWSARETRACTORPULLEDTHEWALKINGTYPEAUTOMATICTRANSPLANTERSARESELFPROPELLEDMACHINESFORSOWINGAMAXIMUMOFFOURROWSRIDINGTYPEAUTOMATICTRANSPLANTERSAREEITHERSELFPROPELLEDUPTOFOURROWSORTRACTORPULLEDUPTOEIGHTROWSFURTHER,MARR1994DESCRIBEDTYPESOFTRANSPLANTERSCALLEDPUNCHPLANTERSAUTOMATICANDWATERWHEELPLANTERSSEMIAUTOMATICTHEPUNCHPLANTERSTRANSPLANTTHROUGHPLASTICMULCHESBYPUNCTURINGTHEMULCHANDTHESOILANDSETTINGTHESEEDLINGINTOTHEHOLESTHEWATERWHEELPLANTERSARESIMILARTOTHEPUNCHPLANTERSWITHTHEADDITIONOFALARGETANKFILLEDWITHWATERORFERTILIZERSOLUTIONASTHEHOLEISFORMEDFORTHETRANSPLANT,APORTIONOFTHESOLUTIONISINJECTEDINTOTHETRANSPLANTHOLESEEDLINGSAREHANDSETINTOTHEWATEREDHOLEBYOPERATORSRIDINGLOWNEARTHEGROUNDMODEL1600OFROBERTMARVELPLASTICMULCH,ANNVILLE,PAASTHESEEDLINGISPUSHEDIN,MUDFROMTHEBOTTOMCOMESUPALONGTHESIDESANDCOVERSTHETOPTOCOMPLETETHETRANSPLANTINGOPERATIONMUNILLAANDSHAW1987DESCRIBEDADIBBLINGTRANSPLANTERINWHICHHOLESAREMADEINTHESOILANDSEEDLINGSAREPLANTEDINTHEHOLESSEEDLINGBOXORTRAYHOLDERASEEDLINGBOXISPROVIDEDONSEMIAUTOMATICTRANSPLANTERSTOSTOREBAREROOTSEEDLINGSFORFEEDINGTOTHEPLANTINGUNITITISRECTANGULARINCROSSSECTIONANDISOPENATTHETOPLONGRECTANGULARSEEDLINGBOXESAREUSEDINTRANSPLANTERSMODEL2000,MECHANICALTRANSPLANTERCO,HOLLAND,MICHUSEDFORPLANTINGLONGSEEDLINGS,INWHICHACONVEYORBELTISPROVIDED,WHICHCANBEDRIVENBYFOOTACTIONCARROUSELTRAYHOLDERSFIGURE1CANALSOBEUSEDINTRANSPLANTERSMECHANICALTRANSPLANTERCO’SMODELS5000,5000W,5000WD,4000,AND6000THATUSECELLMOLDSEEDLINGSEACHTRAYHOLDERSTORESFOURTOSIXTRAYS,EACHCARRYING200CELLMOLDSEEDLINGSINAUTOMATICTRANSPLANTERS,THETRAYISKEPTATAPLACEWITHITSORIENTATIONSUITABLEFORTHEPICKUPDEVICETOREMOVESEEDLINGSFROMTRAYSITALSOHASAMECHANISMTOMOVETRAYSFORWARDASSEEDLINGSAREREMOVEDFROMTHETRAYRECENTADVANCESINTHEDESIGNOFVEGETABLETRANSPLANTERSAPARTFROMTHEESSENTIALCOMPONENTSFOREFFICIENTPLANTINGOFVEGETABLESEEDLINGS,VEGETABLETRANSPLANTERSAREPROVIDEDWITHSYSTEMSFORMAINTAININGTHEACCURACY,PRECISION,ANDEFFECTIVENESSINPLANTINGSEEDLINGSWITHMINIMUMHUMANINTERVENTIONRESEARCHERSHAVEREPORTEDRECENTDEVELOPMENTSINAUTOMATICVEGETABLETRANSPLANTERINTHEUNITEDSTATESPARISH,2005,ITALY,JAPAN,AUSTRALIA,ANDENGLANDLABOWSKY,2001ROBOTICTRANSPLANTERSHAVEBEENDEVELOPEDBREWER,1994;KIMETAL,1995;RYUETAL,2001;SAKAUE,1992;TAIETAL,1994,ANDFIGURE7PRESENTSASCHEMATICDIAGRAMFORTHISTYPEOFTRANSPLANTERDEVELOPEDBYRYUETAL2001ITHASACCDCAMERA,WHICHIDENTIFIESEMPTYCELLSINHIGHDENSITYPLUGTRAYS,PASSESTHISINFORMATIONTOTHECOMPUTER,WHICHFEEDSITTOTHEMANIPULATORTHEMANIPULATORACTUATESTHEENDEFFECTERTOPICKUPONLYTHEGOODQUALITYSEEDLINGSTOTHELOWDENSITYGROWINGTRAYSTHELABORANDTIMEINVOLVEDINDISCARDINGTHEPOORQUALITYSEEDLINGSAREFULLYFIGURE7SCHEMATICSOFTHEROBOTICTRANSPLANTERATHEFRONTVIEWOFTHEMANIPULATORBTHESIDEVIEWOFTHEMANIPULATOR,THETRAYMOVINGSYSTEM,ANDTHEVISIONSYSTEMRYUETAL,2001REPRINTEDWITHPERMISSIONOFTHEINSTITUTEOFAGRICULTURALENGINEERS,UKFURTHER,ACAMERALINKEDTOACOMPUTERFEEDSTHEINFORMATIONONTHELEAFDIRECTIONOFTHEGOODQUALITYSEEDLINGSANDTHEMANIPULATORACCORDINGLYORIENTSTHEENDEFFECTER

注意事项

本文(外文翻译--蔬菜移栽机在发展中国家的展望.doc)为本站会员(英文资料库)主动上传,人人文库网仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对上载内容本身不做任何修改或编辑。 若此文所含内容侵犯了您的版权或隐私,请立即通知人人文库网(发送邮件至[email protected]或直接QQ联系客服),我们立即给予删除!

温馨提示:如果因为网速或其他原因下载失败请重新下载,重复下载不扣分。

关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服客服 - 联系我们

网站客服QQ:2846424093    人人文库上传用户QQ群:460291265   

[email protected] 2016-2018  renrendoc.com 网站版权所有   南天在线技术支持

经营许可证编号:苏ICP备12009002号-5