欢迎来到人人文库网! | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
人人文库网
首页 人人文库网 > 资源分类 > DOC文档下载

外文翻译--软件体系结构的现状及发展方向.doc

  • 资源大小:66.50KB        全文页数:10页
  • 资源格式: DOC        下载权限:游客/注册会员/VIP会员    下载费用:5
游客快捷下载 游客一键下载
会员登录下载
下载资源需要5

邮箱/手机号:
您支付成功后,系统会自动为您创建此邮箱/手机号的账号,密码跟您输入的邮箱/手机号一致,以方便您下次登录下载和查看订单。注:支付完成后需要自己下载文件,并不会自动发送文件哦!

支付方式: 微信支付    支付宝   
验证码:   换一换

友情提示
2、本站资源不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器直接下载(不支持QQ浏览器)
3、本站资源下载后的文档和图纸-无水印,预览文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

外文翻译--软件体系结构的现状及发展方向.doc

英文原文THECURRENTSITUATIONOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWAREANDDEVELOPINGDIRECTIONINTHEARTICLEOFCONCEPTOFSYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWARE,WESPEAKOFFROMTHECRISISOFTHESOFTWARE,HAVEEXPLAINEDORIGIN,DEFINESANDTHEFUNCTIONINTHEPROJECTOFTHESOFTWAREISDEVELOPEDOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWARETHEN,HOWISTHECURRENTSITUATIONOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFSOFTWAREATPRESENTWHATISTHEDEVELOPMENTTRENDOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFSOFTWARETHISISTHECONTENTTHATTHISTEXTWILLINTRODUCEATPRESENT,INTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWAREISSTILLINDEVELOPINGRAPIDLY,MOREANDMORERESEARCHERSARECASTINGATTENTIONONTHERESEARCHOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWAREITISSTILLVERYIRREGULARTOUSEFORCARRYINGONMODEL,MARKLAWANDTOOLTHATTHESPECIFICATIONDESCRIBESTOTHESYSTEMOFTHESOFTWARETHOUGHTHESEIRREGULARMODELSAREUSEFUL,INORDERTOMAKEITMOREACCURATEANDMORESTALWART,THERESEARCHWORKINMANYASPECTSNEEDSCONTINUINGGOINGONSINCELATERSTAGEOF1990S,THERESEARCHOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWAREHASBECOMEAFOCUSTHEMASSESOFSOFTWAREWORKERREALIZESOFTWARESYSTEMGREATMEANINGANDITTHATSTRUCTURESTUDYDESIGNTHEIMPORTANCEDEVELOPEDTOTHESOFTWARESYSTEMALREADY,HAVELAUNCHEDALOTOFRESEARCHANDPRACTICEWORKISITWATCHTOCOMEBYSYSTEMCURRENTSITUATIONTHATSTRUCTURESTUDYFROMSOFTWARE,PRESENTRESEARCHANDTOSOFTWARESYSTEMDESCRIPTIONOFSTRUCTURE,COMETOSAYTOSTILLSTAYONTHEBASISOFTHETHINGTHATITISNOTFORMALIZEDTOAGREATEXTENTTEACHER,FRAMEWORKOFSOFTWARE,LACKESSENTIALTOOLSTILL,THETOOLSHOULDEXPLICITDESCRIBE,HAVEFORMALIZEDTOOLOFINDEPENDENTCHARACTERATPRESENTAMONGTHEINCOMMONUSESOFTWAREDEVELOPMENTAPPROACH,ITISITUSEFORMALIZEDPICTUREANDTEXTNONUSUALLYTODESCRIBE,CANTDESCRIBETHEINTERFACEBETWEENTHECOMPONENTSOFEXISTENCETHATTHESYSTEMEXPECTS,CANTDESCRIBETHEMEANINGOFDIFFERENTSYSTEMATICASSOCIATIONRELATIONOFCOMPOSITIONDIFFICULTTOUNDERSTANDDEVELOPER,LETALONEUSEFORANALYSINGITSCHARACTERISTICS,SUCHASCONSISTENCYANDINTEGRALITY,ETCISSTUDIEDCOMPONENTOFSYSTEMNEARLYBYONEWHENDESCRIBINGFORMALIZEDMETHODNONASONESOFTWARE,THESYSTEMATICPUTTINGINANPOSITIONWILLBEINFLUENCEDTOO,THEEFFORTSINTHECOURSEOFDESIGNINGASYSTEMATICSTRUCTUREAREVERYDIFFICULTTOTRANSPLANTTOANOTHERSYSTEMCONNECTTOSYSTEMCOMPONENTSTRUCTURIZATIONOFRELATIONISITGETAEXPLICITONETOSUPPOSE,WHENTHEFORMALIZEDDESCRIPTION,ITWILLBERISKYTOTRANSPLANTSUCHASYSTEMATICCOMPONENTTOANOTHERSYSTEM,EVENIMPOSSIBLEONESOFTWARESYSTEMSTRUCTUREISITREMAININFORMALIZEDBLOCKDIAGRAMSTAGENONONLYTOSTUDY,ITHASBEENALREADYDIFFICULTTOMEETTHENEEDSOFFURTHERDEVELOPMENTFORSUPPORTBASEDONSYSTEMSTRUCTUREDEVELOPMENT,NEEDFORMALIZEDMODELINGSYMBOL,SYSTEMANALYSISANDDEVELOPINGINSTRUMENTTHATSTRUCTUREPROVEISITWATCHTOCOMEFROMSOFTWARESYSTEMCURRENTSITUATIONTHATSTRUCTURESTUDY,INFIELDTHISTHEREAREPROGRESSRECENTLY,AREPRESENTATIVEONEMELLONOFAMERICANCARNEGIEUNIVERSITYAMONGTHEMROBERTJA11ENONCARNEGIEMELLONUNIVERSITYONWRIGHTSYSTEMTHATL997GETOUTOFEVERYYEARWRIGHTISAKINDOFSTRUCTUREDESCRIBESLANGUAGES,THISLANGUAGEISONTHEBASISOFAKINDOFFORMALIZED,ABSTRACTSYSTEMATICMODEL,HAVEOFFEREDAKINDOFPRACTICALTOOLFORTHETHINGTHATDESCRIBEANDANALYSETHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWAREANDSTRUCTURIZATIONMETHODWRIGHTLAYSPARTICULAREMPHASISONANDDESCRIBESSYSTEMATICSOFTWARECOMPONENTANDSTRUCTURE,DISPOSITIONANDMETHODTOJOINMAINLYITUSESTHEEXPLICIT,INDEPENDENTCONNECTIONMODELTOCOMEASMUTUALWAY,THISMAKESYSTEMTHISCANSPENDLOGICPREDICATESYMBOLSYSTEM,RELYONSPECIFICSYSTEMATICINSTANCEDESCRIBETHEABSTRACTBEHAVIOROFTHESYSTEMSYSTEMTHISCANALSOJUDGESYSTEMATICSTRUCTURECONSISTENCYANDINTEGRALITYOFSPECIFICATIONSTHROUGHCHECKINGINAGROUPOFSTATICBEHAVIORBYTHELOOKOFANALYSISOFTHESECHARACTERISTICS,WRIGHTSYSTEMISREALLYSUITABLEFORTOLARGESCALEANDSYSTEMATICDESCRIPTIONANDANALYSISSTUDYPRIMARYPROBLEMOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWAREISHOWTOEXPRESSTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWARE,NAMELYWHATSYSTEMSTRUCTUREMODELINGTOTHESOFTWAREACCORDINGTOTHEDIFFERENCEOFEMPHASISPOINTSOFMODELING,CANDIVIDETHEMODELOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWAREINTO5KINDSSTRUCTUREMODEL,FRAMEMODEL,DYNAMICMODEL,COURSEMODELANDFUNCTIONMODELINTHESE5MODELS,THEMOSTFREQUENTLYUSEDONEISTHESTRUCTUREMODELANDDYNAMICMODELTHISISAMOSTOCULAR,MOSTGENERALMODELINGMETHODTHEMETHODPORTRAYTHESTRUCTUREWITHSYSTEMCOMPONENT,ATTACHMENTANDOTHERCONCEPTSOFSTRUCTURE,ANDISITISITREFLECTIMPORTANTSEMANTEMECONTENTOFSYSTEMTOCOMETHROUGHSTRUCTURETOTRYHARD,INCLUDINGSYSTEMATICDISPOSITION,RESTRAINT,IMPLICITASSUMEDCONDITIONS,STYLE,NATURETHECORETOSTUDYSTRUCTUREMODELISTHATTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREDESCRIBESLANGUAGESTHEFRAMEMODELISSIMILARTOSTRUCTUREMODEL,BUTITDOESNOTLAYPARTICULAREMPHASISONDESCRIBINGTHEDETAILOFTHESTRUCTUREANDLAYINGPARTICULAREMPHASISONTHESTRUCTUREOFTHEWHOLEEVENMOREVERYMUCHFRAMEMODELREGARDSOMESPECIALPROBLEMSASGOALSETUPONLYMAINLYTOMEETSTRUCTUREOFQUESTIONTHISDYNAMICMODELTOSTRUCTUREORFRAMESUPPLEMENTOFMODEL,STUDYBEHAVIORNATUREOFBIGPARTICLEOFSYSTEMFOREXAMPLE,DESCRIBESYSTEMATICDECONFIGURATIONOREVOLUTIONTHETRENDSMAYMEANTHEDISPOSITION,SETTINGUPOFTHESYSTEMATICENSEMBLEARCHITECTUREORREMOVETHECOURSEOFTHECOMMUNICATIONPASSWAYORCALCULATIONTHISKINDOFSYSTEMISOFTENENCOURAGINGTYPESTUDYTHESTEPANDCOURSEWITHSYSTEMATICSTRUCTUREINCOURSEMODELTHEREFORETHESTRUCTUREISARESULTOFFOLLOWINGSOMECOURSESCRIPTSMODELTHISTHINKSYSTEMSTRUCTURETOMAKEUPBYONEGROUPFUNCTIONCOMPONENTACCORDINGTOTHELEVEL,THELOWERFLOORPROVIDESSERVICETOTHEUPPERSTRATAITCANBEREGARDEDASAKINDOFSPECIALFRAMEMODELHAVINGTHEIROWNSTRONGPOINTSEACHINTHESE5KINDSOFMODELS,PERHAPSUNIFY5KINDSOFMODELSTOGETHERORGANICALLY,FORMONEINTACTMODELITCOMESTOBESYSTEMSTRUCTURESUITABLETOPORTRAYSOFTWAREFOREXAMPLEKRUCHTENPROPOSEONEVISUALANGLEMODELOF41IN199541MODELINCLUDETHELOGICVISUALANGLEFROM5DIFFERENTVISUALANGLES,COURSEVISUALANGLE,PHYSICSVISUALANGLE,DEVELOPINGTHEVISUALANGLEANDSCENEVISUALANGLETODESCRIBETHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWAREEVERYVISUALANGLECAREONESIDEOFSYSTEMONLY,5VISUALANGLEISITCANREFLECTSYSTEMATICSOFTWARESYSTEMCONTENTSOFSTRUCTURETOCONBINETOGETHER41MODELISASFIG1SHOWSENDUSERFUNCTIONREQUIREMENTPROGRAMMERSOFTWAREMANAGEMENTSYSTEMINTEGRATEDPERSONCAPABILITYEXTENDING、THUOUGHPUTETCSYSTEMPROCESSPERSONSYSTEMTOPOLOGY、INSTALLTION、COMMUNICATIONETC41MODELISASFIGSOFTWAREDEVELOPMENTMODELCROSSOVERWHOLESOFTWARESYSTEMDEVELOP,OPERATE,ALLWORKANDSTRUCTUREFRAMEOFTASKIMPLEMENTEDTOMAINTAINOFLIFECYCLE,PROVIDETHERELATIONTHATSOFTWAREDEVELOPMENTMOVESABOUTBETWEENEVERYSTAGESATPRESENT,THECOMMONSOFTWAREDEVELOPMENTMODELCANROUGHLYBEDIVIDEDINTOTHREEKINDSWATERFALLMODELIFTHEDEMANDOFTHESOFTWAREISTOTALLYCONFIRMEDPROGRESSIVEDEVELOPMENTMODELADOPTEDWHENSOFTWAREDEVELOPMENTCANONLYOFFERTHEBASICDEMANDATINITIALSTAGE,FORINSTANCESPIRALMODEL,ETCBASEDONFORMALIZATIONDEVELOPMENTAPPROACHTOVARYMODELSALLDEVELOPMENTAPPROACHESARETOSOLVETHEDEMANDANDDISPARITYWHILEREALIZINGBUTTHREESOFTWAREDEVELOPMENTMODELOFKINDTHESETHEREAREALLKINDSOFDEFECTS,CANTWELLSUPPORTTHEDEVELOPMENTCOURSEBASEDONSYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWARESO,RESEARCHERSHAVEDONECERTAINWORKINDEVELOPINGTHESOFTWAREDEVELOPMENTMODELBASEDONSYSTEMSTRUCTUREFOREXAMPLE,INORDERTOEXPRESSTHELIFECYCLEOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREVIVIDLY,ZHOUYINGXINDROFBEIJINGUNIVERSITYOFPOSTTELECOMMUNICATIONESTABLISHTHESYSTEMOFAPIECEOFSOFTWARETHELIFECYCLEMODELOFTHESTRUCTURESOFTWARESYSTEMDEVELOPMENTOFSTRUCTURELARGESCALESOFTWAREKEYLINKTHATSYSTEMDEVELOPSTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREHASESSENTIALFUNCTIONINTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTHEPRODUCTIONLINEOFTHESOFTWARE,INPRODUCING,BECAUSEOFSAMESOFTWARESYSTEMSTRUCTURE,CANISITHAVEDIFFERENTALOTOFSYSTEMOFFUNCTIONTOESTABLISHINTHEDEVELOPMENTSHARESYSTEMSTRUCTUREANDAGROUPOFREUSABLECOMPONENTSBETWEENTHESOFTWAREPRODUCTCLANS,CANINCREASETHESOFTPROJECTANDREDUCEDEVELOPINGANDSAFEGUARDTHECOSTAPRODUCTLINEHASPUBLICSYSTEMATICSOFTWARESYSTEMTHATISCOLLECTEDOFDEMANDONBEHALFOFONEGROUP,THEYALLCUSTOMIZETHESTANDARDPRODUCTLINEFRAMEWORKACCORDINGTOTHEBASICUSERSNEEDS,INTEGRATEDANDGOTTHEUNIQUEPARTOFREUSABLECOMPONENTANDSYSTEMADOPTTHEPRODUCTIONLINETYPEMODEOFTHESOFTWARETOPRODUCESOFTWARE,WILLPRODUCEHUGEPROGRAMMINGENTERPRISESBUTTHESOFTWAREPRODUCTCLANMAJORITYPRODUCEDATLOGICALVISIONDEVELOPEDVISIONPROCESSVISIONPHYSICALVISIONSCENEVISIONPRESENTISINTHESAMEFIELDATPRESENT,THESYSTEMSTRUCTUREISSTILLAVERYNEWRESEARCHFIELD,ITSCONCEPTISSTILLQUITEFUZZYBUTSOFTWARESYSTEMSTRUCTUREREGARDASSOFTPROJECTACOMPONENTOFFIELD,HAVINGALREADYOBTAINEDCONSIDERABLEDEVELOPMENT,THEONESTHATHAVEBEENDESIGNEDWITHRESEARCHERSBYMOSTSOFTWARESYSTEMSAREPAIDATTENTIONTOWHETHERSOFTWARESYSTEMSTRUCTUREACTIVERESEARCHDIRECTIONINCLUDEATPRESENT1RESEARCHOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREFORMFOUNDATIONOFTHESOFTWARE;2STUDYTHENEWSPECIALHIGHLEVELLANGUAGETOTHEQUESTIONTHATTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWAREISPECULIARWHENDESCRIBED;3SETUPANDISUSEDINTHETOLERANCEANDAPPRAISETHEMODELANDMETHODOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWARE;4SETUPFACINGSPECIALFIELDSOFTWARESYSTEMSTRUCTUREFANTYPESTOREHOUSE5CARRYOUTTHETRANSITIONTOTHETHEORYSOFTWARESYSTEMSTRUCTUREFROMPRESENTINTUITIONANDEXPERIENCESTATEINBETWEENSOFTWAREENGINEERANDSOFTWAREDESCRIPTIONANDUNDERSTANDINGABILITYOFSYSTEMOFRAISING,THOUGHTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREOFTHESOFTWAREDESCRIBESTHATPLAYSANIMPORTANTROLE,THESEABSTRACTDESCRIPTIONISUSUALLYNONFORMALIZEDANDRANDOMONESYSTEMSTRUCTURALDESIGNFREQUENTLYDIFFICULTTOUNDERSTAND,DIFFICULTTOISITCARRYONFORMALIZEDANALYSISANDSIMULATIONTOSUITABLEFOR,LACKCORRESPONDINGSUPPORTTOOLHELPFRAMEWORKTEACHERFINISHTHEDESIGNWORKFORSOLVETHEPROBLEM,ISITDESCRIBEFORMALIZEDLANGUAGEINREASONINGCANDEVELOPTOUSEFOR,LANGUAGETHESENAMESYSTEMSTRUCTUREDESCRIBELANGUAGEARCHITECTUREDESCRIPTIONLANGUAGE,ADLSISSOUGHTTOBEINCREASEDTHEINTELLIGIBLEANDPUTTINGINANPOSITIONOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTURALDESIGNOFTHESOFTWAREADLISTHISLANGUAGE,THESYSTEMATICFRAMEWORKTEACHERCANEXPLOITTHECHARACTERISTICOFFEREDBYITSINSTITUTEANDCARRYONTHESYSTEMATICCONCEPTSYSTEMSTRUCTUREMODELINGOFTHESOFTWAREADLHASOFFEREDTHECONCRETEGRAMMARANDPORTRAYEDTHECONCEPTFRAMEOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREADLSMAKESTHESYSTEMATICDEVELOPERABLETOWELLDESCRIBETHESYSTEMSTRUCTURETHATTHEYDESIGN,INORDERTOEXCHANGEWITHPEOPLE,CANANALYSEALOTOFINSTANCESWITHTHETOOLTHATISOFFEREDTHEPURPOSEOFTHISKINDOFDESCRIPTIONLANGUAGEISTOOFFERAKINDOFSTANDARDIZEDSYSTEMSTRUCTURETODESCRIBE,THUSMAKETHEAUTOMATIONOFTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREANALYSETHATISPOSSIBLERESEARCHERSHAVEALREADYDESIGNEDNEARLY20KINDSOFADLS,THEMOREPOWERFULONEISC2,UNICON,METAH,AESOP,SADL,RAPIDE,WRIGHT,ETCLANGUAGETHESECANGOONTOSYSTEMSTRUCTURECONNECTORTHEFIRSTABSTRACT,ATTHESAMETIME,STILLCANDESCRIBETHERECIPROCATIONBETWEENTHESTRUCTUREOFTHEMODELANDINSIDECOMPONENT,ANDHASINTRODUCEDSOMENEWNETWORKANALYSISMODESWORKO

注意事项

本文(外文翻译--软件体系结构的现状及发展方向.doc)为本站会员(英文资料库)主动上传,人人文库网仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对上载内容本身不做任何修改或编辑。 若此文所含内容侵犯了您的版权或隐私,请立即通知人人文库网(发送邮件至[email protected]或直接QQ联系客服),我们立即给予删除!

温馨提示:如果因为网速或其他原因下载失败请重新下载,重复下载不扣分。

关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服客服 - 联系我们

网站客服QQ:2846424093    人人文库上传用户QQ群:460291265   

[email protected] 2016-2018  renrendoc.com 网站版权所有   南天在线技术支持

经营许可证编号:苏ICP备12009002号-5