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外文翻译--CAI教学辅助.doc

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外文翻译--CAI教学辅助.doc

CAIauxiliaryteachingEducationandcalculatorextendededucationofthecalculatorassistanceareonesofcalculatortechniquearecountformuchesofappliedoneoftherealms,andbecausedecadetotinymachinetechnique,networktechnique,multimediatechniquewithcorrespondofthesoftwaretechnicaldevelopment,promotedCAIandCBEflytodevelopsoonmore.CAIandCBEhavealreadybecomeaveryimportantandvalidmeansofmodernteachinggraduallycurrently一、TheCAIisabroadofdevelopmentgeneralsituationHavestartedusheringinthecalculatortechniquetoeducationrealmatthebeginningof60ssincethefertilegraduateschooloftheIBMcompanyof1958theUnitedStatesdesignedthefirstcalculatorteachingsystem,peoplestarttheresearchwhichlearnsfromthemethoddevelopingtocombinetogetherwithactualcalculatorsystem,aimingatadifferentacademicsonvariouscalculatorsystems,developingasomecalculatorextendededucationsoftwaresasakindofassistancemeansthatthestudentisselfeducatedandreviewrespectively.In7080s,theCAIgetsdevelopmentandexpansiongradually,andcorrespondofthetoolbedeveloped,producingmoreabundantsupportsystem.ThemoretypicalappliedsystemcontainIISandIIASofIBMcompany,thisisoneismoretypicaloftheCAIoflargemachineS370supportedsystematthattime.Thecontentsincludestheteachersteachingmaterialwriting,thestudentstudies,theentitymanagesandexaminessystem.TherearealsothesystemsPLATO4softheUnitedStatesmoreover,Sophiesystem,theTUTORoftheCDCcompanyandtheNATALsystemofCanadaetc..TheAmericanteachingexpressesaftertestingaservicecentertotheoverallvaluationofsystemsPLATO4sinfiveteachingcategories,suchascalculationandlivingcreature,chemistry,English,mathematics...etc.tocanreplacetheteachersfunctionpartofly.Developetc.moderncalculatortechnicaldevelopmentanduniversalityalongwiththecalculatornetwork,tinymachine,multimediaandthemodernsoftwareafterthebeginningof80s,promotedconsumedlyaCAIdevelopment,andbecauseofvoice,elephantetc.multimediatechnicalapplication,makehimhavealreadygonedeepintoteachinggraduallyofeachlink,itisconcretelyexpressedasfollows1.InternationalascendmanyuniversitiesallhavealreadystartedtobuildupaCAIresearchcenterandprovidedstudentCAItostartupaconditiongradually.2.Tryadatabase,thedatabasemanagessystem,takingintellectiveexaminationsystemsetc.salldeveloped.ThestudentcanlistentoateacherexplainindetailintheCAIlaboratory,canalsousetotryadatabasetocarryontowaitfromthecheck.3.Alittlebitforeigncompaniestrainingstoemployeehavealreadybeengraduallytrainedbyoriginalconcentration,changeinordertoadoptaCAItechnique,iscarriedonastudyfromtheCDROMbytheemployeeitself.Reducedtheexpenseofthecompanyconsumedly4.Ontheinternationalteachingannualconvention,thespecialsubjectdiscussesCAIeachkindofproblem.二、TheCAIisinthelocaldevelopmentgeneralsituationTheourcountryopensexhibitionCAItobeginfrom60s.Becauseoftechniqueandthefoundationconditionalmargin,maketheCAIofeachuniversityinsidethecountryofactualusestartslower.OurcountryCBEandCAIresearchgetbehindwithaflourishingnation,startingfrom80s,frompartsofteachersintheNormalUniversityfromfollowtheabroadadvancedtechnicalangle,startunderstanding,researchandstudyCAItechnique,uptothemid80safter,alongwithtinymachinetechnicaldevelopment,theChinesecharactershandlestechnicalmaturity,forourcountryoftheCAItechnicaldevelopmentbeattodescendfoundation,ourcountryofCAItechniquetheindustrydeveloprapidly.Totheendof80s,manyhighschoolsallestablishedtheCAIadvancedtechnique,variouspracticalsystemoneafteranother.Startfrom85years,convenedmanyCAIseminars,carryonaresearchstudytotheCAIfromvariousangle,andCAIteachingthedevelopmentofthesoftwareisincludedinhighschoolteachinginstructiontheworkplanofthecommittee,beingincludedinteachingmaterialconstructionaplaninthemeantimein.Suggesteachschoolalsoatconditionmaturity,theestablishmentCAIsoftwaredevelopsdevelopmentorganization.Theformationdevelops,develop,expandandappliesadragonsystem.Nationsteaching委hasalreadydrawnupconcerningtheregulation,openingtheexhibitiontotheCAIworkisanindexsignofwithschoolevaluation,start211engineeringsin,isanessentialconditionthattheapplicationgetsinto211engineeringstheCAIconstructionineachschool.PushedCAItoworkconsumedlyforthisofopenanexhibition.Eachschoolthrowsinagreatdealoffundstousetopurchaseanequipments,buildingupaCAibase,takingouttoadjustapersonnelCAIresearchcenter.OpentheexhibitionCAIrelatedandtechnicalresearchinorderto,thedevelopmentofconstructionandCAIsoftwareandlessonpieceofsupportenvironment.TheimportancewhichmakestheCAIbecometheschooldailyteachingtoworkgraduallyconstitutespart.三、TheCAIisintheimportantmeaninginthemodernteachingTheCAIispeopletomakeuseofacalculatortechniquetodevelopthewholestudyresourceses,passingit,makingcalculatorandthepersonshandovertoworkwitheachotherway,attainastudynewinformationtoknow,reviewoldknowledge,controlthepurposeofwithknowledgecompletely.TheCAImachinecanbeusedtoreplaceateachertocarryoneachstudyofcourse,canbeanormalregulationscoursethecomplementmeansoftheteaching.So,theCAIisanoneoftheveryimportantmeanseswhichopensanexhibitionreformineducationatpresent,conveningfor92yearsofnationalandhighschoolworkingconferenceup,thenationteachesdirectorstoopen轩acomradetopointoutwhilespeakingofdeeplywayofthinkingofturningthereformineducationwithmaintargetTotaloftosay,iswantaccordingtofacetoamodernization,facetoworldandfacetofutureofrequest,carrythrougheducationpolicyofcarryingoutthepartycompletely,enlargementcontentofcourse,thestrengthofwithteachingmethodreform,pushforwardtheapplicationofmodernteachingmeansstrongly.Theapplicationofwithreformandmodernizationteachingmeansofcontentofcourse,teachingmethodiscloselyrelated.Usemodernmeanswellintheteaching,studyespeciallyandstronglywithoneoftheimportantaspectsofexpansionCAIreformineducation.Itwillpromoteemollientlythestrengthofcontentofcourse,teachingmethodreform,pushforwardtheapplicationofmodernteachingmeansstrongly,pushforwardteachingmethodinnovationconsumedly,andevenchangeexistingteachingmodetoalargeextentthechange.TheAmericantechniqueassessedofficetodotoevaluateasfollowstotheCAI1.Faceteachingapersonneltoreduceatschool,underclassscaleandthenbiggercircumstance,CAImaybeusetocometoclothtocontrolthemostviablepathinteachingability.2.Distributedtoprovideakindofmeanswithtrainingfortheteachingfromthegeographyandthetopofthefulfillment.3.Allowlearnerattheirconvenienttimestudy,anddotovisitpatientsathometobreaktotheirstudiesstrategyandintimeofreflection.4.Itcanteachtosuitaninformationmoretothestudentforagesnewthinkingwithnewofproblemsolvingofway.Cansee,supportinthenewcalculatortechniqueunderoftheCAIgivethestudythisverybigindependentpower,regardlessintime,location,andthechoicesofstudycontentsallprovideutmostconvenience.Thisrightnessofcurrentlyourcountrypartofhighschoolsprovidedonetowardtheconversionofcreditsystemgraduallyviableandtheconditionofessentialtohave.四、AndtheCAIrelatedmoderncalculatortechnique1,Tinymachinetechnique.From80searlyandtinymachinedevelopment,thedevelopmentspeedofthecalculatortechniquecomparesbeforesooner.Positivebecausethetinymachinefliestodevelopsoon,makingcalculatortheequipmentsheadforasocietyveryquicklyfromthelaboratoryappropriation,headingforeverytrade,headingforafamily.Attheflourishingnation,theeachuniversitystudentshandisonesettinymachine,alsostartingheadingforafamilyinthedomestictinymachine.AgreatdealofCAIsystemsbuildsuponthetinymachinesystem.ItisthehardwarefoundationofwithCAIapplication.2,TheChinesecharactershandlesatechnique.ThewordprocessingstechniqueofthecalculatorisalsoCAIoneofthefoundation,theChinesecharactersthatisinChinaprocessingtechnique,andhereonofwordprocessingandvariouscharthandleatechnique,isalsooneoftheCAIimportantfoundations.ThetechnicaldevelopmentoftheChinesecharactersprocessingwasthecalculatorapplicationofourcountrytolayfoundation.3,Multimediaandsupermediumtechnique.SupertextshouldbetheTEdNelsonputsforwardcomingin60s.Thelanguagerighteousnessnetworkconstitutedto°fromthenetworkofthetraditionalcrunodeandthepointofcontactnamely.Canusedformeaningthenotlinesimilarmankindassociatememorystructure.Inrecentyearsbecauseofmultimedianamelywritingandvoice,picturetechniquecombine,canusetomeantoliveanewlifetomove,eachkindofmorecomplicatedcomprehensiveinformation.TheH.MaurerteachestoasfollowsofformulaThesupertextisoriginallyHypertextmultimediaMultimediasupermediumHypermediamodernmultimediaandsupermediumtechniqueisdevelophighperformanceCAIitisthusclearthatofoneoftheimportantfoundationtechniques.4,Thetechniqueeducationofthecalculatornetworkandtrainingaretheimpactsthatthemodernandnewtechniquefliestodevelopsoonbottom,faceanewchallenge.Toeverybody,studyingwillcarrythroughlifelong.So,theobviouslyoriginalclassroomteachingmodegoesimpassability.Butmoderntechniqueandinformationsuperhighwayofthecalculatornetworkmaketheteachingprocesscomeoutclassroom,eachlearnercanaccordingtoitstimeup,thepossibilityofgeography,Bestudyingthecontentsneededanyplace.Thisislongdistancetoleaveteaching.ThenetworktechniqueprovidedveryidealtechniquesupportforCAI.5,Artificialintelligence.Thepersonscognitionprocessisthelearningprocessthatthemankindknowtothenewinformation.Obviously,artificialintelligencesresearchtoCAIhasaveryimportantpushfunction.Startin70s,maketheartificialintelligenceacademics,cognitionacademicsandthethinkingacademicsastheoriesfoundation,studymankindtostudyandthinkingprocessandcharacteristicwithlookforstudycognitionmodelso,theartificialintelligenceisaCAIoneofthetheoriesfoundationsofresearch.6,Othertoolsandtechnique.StudyrelatedtoolandtechniquewithCAItostillinclude1thedevelopmenttechniqueofthesoftwareoffacingtotheobjectnamelyOOtechnique.2Eachkindofwordprocessing,pictureandformprocessing,pictureprocessingundertheWINDOWSenvironmentetc.toolandtechnique.五、EstablishthemainthoughtofthissystemTraditionalteachingmodeisateacher,achalkbeatsworld.Theteacherteachesknowledgeontheclassroom,thestudentacceptsknowledgeontheclassroom,andthedifferentstudentacceptsanabilityalsodifferent,haveofthestudentcanlistentounderstand,haveofknowonlysuperficially,buthaveofalittlebitmorepossiblethendidntlistentounderstand,teachertosameknowledgepointgenerallyiswillnotrepeattoexplainindetail,forthosestudentswhodontunderstandbutspeechthereisnowayrelistenningtolesson,masterknowledge,inthemeantimebecauseofonlyhavebookteachingmaterial,teacheratthetimeofexplainingindetailknowledgecandependonachalktowritedownarelatedcontents,wipinginadditiontoalittlebitanothercontentses,thiskindofwritestowipe,theprocesswhichwipestowritewillgivethestudentlistentolessontoresultintodisorder,withgotomakethestudyresultgivediscountgreatly.Alongwiththefastdevelopmentofthecalculatorandthecalculatornetwork,thereformwhichmakesuseofacalculator

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