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外文翻译--CAI教学辅助.doc

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外文翻译--CAI教学辅助.doc

CAIAUXILIARYTEACHINGEDUCATIONANDCALCULATOREXTENDEDEDUCATIONOFTHECALCULATORASSISTANCEAREONESOFCALCULATORTECHNIQUEARECOUNTFORMUCHESOFAPPLIEDONEOFTHEREALMS,ANDBECAUSEDECADETOTINYMACHINETECHNIQUE,NETWORKTECHNIQUE,MULTIMEDIATECHNIQUEWITHCORRESPONDOFTHESOFTWARETECHNICALDEVELOPMENT,PROMOTEDCAIANDCBEFLYTODEVELOPSOONMORECAIANDCBEHAVEALREADYBECOMEAVERYIMPORTANTANDVALIDMEANSOFMODERNTEACHINGGRADUALLYCURRENTLY一、THECAIISABROADOFDEVELOPMENTGENERALSITUATIONHAVESTARTEDUSHERINGINTHECALCULATORTECHNIQUETOEDUCATIONREALMATTHEBEGINNINGOF60SSINCETHEFERTILEGRADUATESCHOOLOFTHEIBMCOMPANYOF1958THEUNITEDSTATESDESIGNEDTHEFIRSTCALCULATORTEACHINGSYSTEM,PEOPLESTARTTHERESEARCHWHICHLEARNSFROMTHEMETHODDEVELOPINGTOCOMBINETOGETHERWITHACTUALCALCULATORSYSTEM,AIMINGATADIFFERENTACADEMICSONVARIOUSCALCULATORSYSTEMS,DEVELOPINGASOMECALCULATOREXTENDEDEDUCATIONSOFTWARESASAKINDOFASSISTANCEMEANSTHATTHESTUDENTISSELFEDUCATEDANDREVIEWRESPECTIVELYIN7080S,THECAIGETSDEVELOPMENTANDEXPANSIONGRADUALLY,ANDCORRESPONDOFTHETOOLBEDEVELOPED,PRODUCINGMOREABUNDANTSUPPORTSYSTEMTHEMORETYPICALAPPLIEDSYSTEMCONTAINIISANDIIASOFIBMCOMPANY,THISISONEISMORETYPICALOFTHECAIOFLARGEMACHINES370SUPPORTEDSYSTEMATTHATTIMETHECONTENTSINCLUDESTHETEACHERSTEACHINGMATERIALWRITING,THESTUDENTSTUDIES,THEENTITYMANAGESANDEXAMINESSYSTEMTHEREAREALSOTHESYSTEMSPLATO4SOFTHEUNITEDSTATESMOREOVER,SOPHIESYSTEM,THETUTOROFTHECDCCOMPANYANDTHENATALSYSTEMOFCANADAETCTHEAMERICANTEACHINGEXPRESSESAFTERTESTINGASERVICECENTERTOTHEOVERALLVALUATIONOFSYSTEMSPLATO4SINFIVETEACHINGCATEGORIES,SUCHASCALCULATIONANDLIVINGCREATURE,CHEMISTRY,ENGLISH,MATHEMATICSETCTOCANREPLACETHETEACHERSFUNCTIONPARTOFLYDEVELOPETCMODERNCALCULATORTECHNICALDEVELOPMENTANDUNIVERSALITYALONGWITHTHECALCULATORNETWORK,TINYMACHINE,MULTIMEDIAANDTHEMODERNSOFTWAREAFTERTHEBEGINNINGOF80S,PROMOTEDCONSUMEDLYACAIDEVELOPMENT,ANDBECAUSEOFVOICE,ELEPHANTETCMULTIMEDIATECHNICALAPPLICATION,MAKEHIMHAVEALREADYGONEDEEPINTOTEACHINGGRADUALLYOFEACHLINK,ITISCONCRETELYEXPRESSEDASFOLLOWS1INTERNATIONALASCENDMANYUNIVERSITIESALLHAVEALREADYSTARTEDTOBUILDUPACAIRESEARCHCENTERANDPROVIDEDSTUDENTCAITOSTARTUPACONDITIONGRADUALLY2TRYADATABASE,THEDATABASEMANAGESSYSTEM,TAKINGINTELLECTIVEEXAMINATIONSYSTEMSETCSALLDEVELOPEDTHESTUDENTCANLISTENTOATEACHEREXPLAININDETAILINTHECAILABORATORY,CANALSOUSETOTRYADATABASETOCARRYONTOWAITFROMTHECHECK3ALITTLEBITFOREIGNCOMPANIESTRAININGSTOEMPLOYEEHAVEALREADYBEENGRADUALLYTRAINEDBYORIGINALCONCENTRATION,CHANGEINORDERTOADOPTACAITECHNIQUE,ISCARRIEDONASTUDYFROMTHECDROMBYTHEEMPLOYEEITSELFREDUCEDTHEEXPENSEOFTHECOMPANYCONSUMEDLY4ONTHEINTERNATIONALTEACHINGANNUALCONVENTION,THESPECIALSUBJECTDISCUSSESCAIEACHKINDOFPROBLEM二、THECAIISINTHELOCALDEVELOPMENTGENERALSITUATIONTHEOURCOUNTRYOPENSEXHIBITIONCAITOBEGINFROM60SBECAUSEOFTECHNIQUEANDTHEFOUNDATIONCONDITIONALMARGIN,MAKETHECAIOFEACHUNIVERSITYINSIDETHECOUNTRYOFACTUALUSESTARTSLOWEROURCOUNTRYCBEANDCAIRESEARCHGETBEHINDWITHAFLOURISHINGNATION,STARTINGFROM80S,FROMPARTSOFTEACHERSINTHENORMALUNIVERSITYFROMFOLLOWTHEABROADADVANCEDTECHNICALANGLE,STARTUNDERSTANDING,RESEARCHANDSTUDYCAITECHNIQUE,UPTOTHEMID80SAFTER,ALONGWITHTINYMACHINETECHNICALDEVELOPMENT,THECHINESECHARACTERSHANDLESTECHNICALMATURITY,FOROURCOUNTRYOFTHECAITECHNICALDEVELOPMENTBEATTODESCENDFOUNDATION,OURCOUNTRYOFCAITECHNIQUETHEINDUSTRYDEVELOPRAPIDLYTOTHEENDOF80S,MANYHIGHSCHOOLSALLESTABLISHEDTHECAIADVANCEDTECHNIQUE,VARIOUSPRACTICALSYSTEMONEAFTERANOTHERSTARTFROM85YEARS,CONVENEDMANYCAISEMINARS,CARRYONARESEARCHSTUDYTOTHECAIFROMVARIOUSANGLE,ANDCAITEACHINGTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTHESOFTWAREISINCLUDEDINHIGHSCHOOLTEACHINGINSTRUCTIONTHEWORKPLANOFTHECOMMITTEE,BEINGINCLUDEDINTEACHINGMATERIALCONSTRUCTIONAPLANINTHEMEANTIMEINSUGGESTEACHSCHOOLALSOATCONDITIONMATURITY,THEESTABLISHMENTCAISOFTWAREDEVELOPSDEVELOPMENTORGANIZATIONTHEFORMATIONDEVELOPS,DEVELOP,EXPANDANDAPPLIESADRAGONSYSTEMNATIONSTEACHING委HASALREADYDRAWNUPCONCERNINGTHEREGULATION,OPENINGTHEEXHIBITIONTOTHECAIWORKISANINDEXSIGNOFWITHSCHOOLEVALUATION,START211ENGINEERINGSIN,ISANESSENTIALCONDITIONTHATTHEAPPLICATIONGETSINTO211ENGINEERINGSTHECAICONSTRUCTIONINEACHSCHOOLPUSHEDCAITOWORKCONSUMEDLYFORTHISOFOPENANEXHIBITIONEACHSCHOOLTHROWSINAGREATDEALOFFUNDSTOUSETOPURCHASEANEQUIPMENTS,BUILDINGUPACAIBASE,TAKINGOUTTOADJUSTAPERSONNELCAIRESEARCHCENTEROPENTHEEXHIBITIONCAIRELATEDANDTECHNICALRESEARCHINORDERTO,THEDEVELOPMENTOFCONSTRUCTIONANDCAISOFTWAREANDLESSONPIECEOFSUPPORTENVIRONMENTTHEIMPORTANCEWHICHMAKESTHECAIBECOMETHESCHOOLDAILYTEACHINGTOWORKGRADUALLYCONSTITUTESPART三、THECAIISINTHEIMPORTANTMEANINGINTHEMODERNTEACHINGTHECAIISPEOPLETOMAKEUSEOFACALCULATORTECHNIQUETODEVELOPTHEWHOLESTUDYRESOURCESES,PASSINGIT,MAKINGCALCULATORANDTHEPERSONSHANDOVERTOWORKWITHEACHOTHERWAY,ATTAINASTUDYNEWINFORMATIONTOKNOW,REVIEWOLDKNOWLEDGE,CONTROLTHEPURPOSEOFWITHKNOWLEDGECOMPLETELYTHECAIMACHINECANBEUSEDTOREPLACEATEACHERTOCARRYONEACHSTUDYOFCOURSE,CANBEANORMALREGULATIONSCOURSETHECOMPLEMENTMEANSOFTHETEACHINGSO,THECAIISANONEOFTHEVERYIMPORTANTMEANSESWHICHOPENSANEXHIBITIONREFORMINEDUCATIONATPRESENT,CONVENINGFOR92YEARSOFNATIONALANDHIGHSCHOOLWORKINGCONFERENCEUP,THENATIONTEACHESDIRECTORSTOOPEN轩ACOMRADETOPOINTOUTWHILESPEAKINGOFDEEPLYWAYOFTHINKINGOFTURNINGTHEREFORMINEDUCATIONWITHMAINTARGETTOTALOFTOSAY,ISWANTACCORDINGTOFACETOAMODERNIZATION,FACETOWORLDANDFACETOFUTUREOFREQUEST,CARRYTHROUGHEDUCATIONPOLICYOFCARRYINGOUTTHEPARTYCOMPLETELY,ENLARGEMENTCONTENTOFCOURSE,THESTRENGTHOFWITHTEACHINGMETHODREFORM,PUSHFORWARDTHEAPPLICATIONOFMODERNTEACHINGMEANSSTRONGLYTHEAPPLICATIONOFWITHREFORMANDMODERNIZATIONTEACHINGMEANSOFCONTENTOFCOURSE,TEACHINGMETHODISCLOSELYRELATEDUSEMODERNMEANSWELLINTHETEACHING,STUDYESPECIALLYANDSTRONGLYWITHONEOFTHEIMPORTANTASPECTSOFEXPANSIONCAIREFORMINEDUCATIONITWILLPROMOTEEMOLLIENTLYTHESTRENGTHOFCONTENTOFCOURSE,TEACHINGMETHODREFORM,PUSHFORWARDTHEAPPLICATIONOFMODERNTEACHINGMEANSSTRONGLY,PUSHFORWARDTEACHINGMETHODINNOVATIONCONSUMEDLY,ANDEVENCHANGEEXISTINGTEACHINGMODETOALARGEEXTENTTHECHANGETHEAMERICANTECHNIQUEASSESSEDOFFICETODOTOEVALUATEASFOLLOWSTOTHECAI1FACETEACHINGAPERSONNELTOREDUCEATSCHOOL,UNDERCLASSSCALEANDTHENBIGGERCIRCUMSTANCE,CAIMAYBEUSETOCOMETOCLOTHTOCONTROLTHEMOSTVIABLEPATHINTEACHINGABILITY2DISTRIBUTEDTOPROVIDEAKINDOFMEANSWITHTRAININGFORTHETEACHINGFROMTHEGEOGRAPHYANDTHETOPOFTHEFULFILLMENT3ALLOWLEARNERATTHEIRCONVENIENTTIMESTUDY,ANDDOTOVISITPATIENTSATHOMETOBREAKTOTHEIRSTUDIESSTRATEGYANDINTIMEOFREFLECTION4ITCANTEACHTOSUITANINFORMATIONMORETOTHESTUDENTFORAGESNEWTHINKINGWITHNEWOFPROBLEMSOLVINGOFWAYCANSEE,SUPPORTINTHENEWCALCULATORTECHNIQUEUNDEROFTHECAIGIVETHESTUDYTHISVERYBIGINDEPENDENTPOWER,REGARDLESSINTIME,LOCATION,ANDTHECHOICESOFSTUDYCONTENTSALLPROVIDEUTMOSTCONVENIENCETHISRIGHTNESSOFCURRENTLYOURCOUNTRYPARTOFHIGHSCHOOLSPROVIDEDONETOWARDTHECONVERSIONOFCREDITSYSTEMGRADUALLYVIABLEANDTHECONDITIONOFESSENTIALTOHAVE四、ANDTHECAIRELATEDMODERNCALCULATORTECHNIQUE1,TINYMACHINETECHNIQUEFROM80SEARLYANDTINYMACHINEDEVELOPMENT,THEDEVELOPMENTSPEEDOFTHECALCULATORTECHNIQUECOMPARESBEFORESOONERPOSITIVEBECAUSETHETINYMACHINEFLIESTODEVELOPSOON,MAKINGCALCULATORTHEEQUIPMENTSHEADFORASOCIETYVERYQUICKLYFROMTHELABORATORYAPPROPRIATION,HEADINGFOREVERYTRADE,HEADINGFORAFAMILYATTHEFLOURISHINGNATION,THEEACHUNIVERSITYSTUDENTSHANDISONESETTINYMACHINE,ALSOSTARTINGHEADINGFORAFAMILYINTHEDOMESTICTINYMACHINEAGREATDEALOFCAISYSTEMSBUILDSUPONTHETINYMACHINESYSTEMITISTHEHARDWAREFOUNDATIONOFWITHCAIAPPLICATION2,THECHINESECHARACTERSHANDLESATECHNIQUETHEWORDPROCESSINGSTECHNIQUEOFTHECALCULATORISALSOCAIONEOFTHEFOUNDATION,THECHINESECHARACTERSTHATISINCHINAPROCESSINGTECHNIQUE,ANDHEREONOFWORDPROCESSINGANDVARIOUSCHARTHANDLEATECHNIQUE,ISALSOONEOFTHECAIIMPORTANTFOUNDATIONSTHETECHNICALDEVELOPMENTOFTHECHINESECHARACTERSPROCESSINGWASTHECALCULATORAPPLICATIONOFOURCOUNTRYTOLAYFOUNDATION3,MULTIMEDIAANDSUPERMEDIUMTECHNIQUESUPERTEXTSHOULDBETHETEDNELSONPUTSFORWARDCOMINGIN60STHELANGUAGERIGHTEOUSNESSNETWORKCONSTITUTEDTOFROMTHENETWORKOFTHETRADITIONALCRUNODEANDTHEPOINTOFCONTACTNAMELYCANUSEDFORMEANINGTHENOTLINESIMILARMANKINDASSOCIATEMEMORYSTRUCTUREINRECENTYEARSBECAUSEOFMULTIMEDIANAMELYWRITINGANDVOICE,PICTURETECHNIQUECOMBINE,CANUSETOMEANTOLIVEANEWLIFETOMOVE,EACHKINDOFMORECOMPLICATEDCOMPREHENSIVEINFORMATIONTHEHMAURERTEACHESTOASFOLLOWSOFFORMULATHESUPERTEXTISORIGINALLYHYPERTEXTMULTIMEDIAMULTIMEDIASUPERMEDIUMHYPERMEDIAMODERNMULTIMEDIAANDSUPERMEDIUMTECHNIQUEISDEVELOPHIGHPERFORMANCECAIITISTHUSCLEARTHATOFONEOFTHEIMPORTANTFOUNDATIONTECHNIQUES4,THETECHNIQUEEDUCATIONOFTHECALCULATORNETWORKANDTRAININGARETHEIMPACTSTHATTHEMODERNANDNEWTECHNIQUEFLIESTODEVELOPSOONBOTTOM,FACEANEWCHALLENGETOEVERYBODY,STUDYINGWILLCARRYTHROUGHLIFELONGSO,THEOBVIOUSLYORIGINALCLASSROOMTEACHINGMODEGOESIMPASSABILITYBUTMODERNTECHNIQUEANDINFORMATIONSUPERHIGHWAYOFTHECALCULATORNETWORKMAKETHETEACHINGPROCESSCOMEOUTCLASSROOM,EACHLEARNERCANACCORDINGTOITSTIMEUP,THEPOSSIBILITYOFGEOGRAPHY,BESTUDYINGTHECONTENTSNEEDEDANYPLACETHISISLONGDISTANCETOLEAVETEACHINGTHENETWORKTECHNIQUEPROVIDEDVERYIDEALTECHNIQUESUPPORTFORCAI5,ARTIFICIALINTELLIGENCETHEPERSONSCOGNITIONPROCESSISTHELEARNINGPROCESSTHATTHEMANKINDKNOWTOTHENEWINFORMATIONOBVIOUSLY,ARTIFICIALINTELLIGENCESRESEARCHTOCAIHASAVERYIMPORTANTPUSHFUNCTIONSTARTIN70S,MAKETHEARTIFICIALINTELLIGENCEACADEMICS,COGNITIONACADEMICSANDTHETHINKINGACADEMICSASTHEORIESFOUNDATION,STUDYMANKINDTOSTUDYANDTHINKINGPROCESSANDCHARACTERISTICWITHLOOKFORSTUDYCOGNITIONMODELSO,THEARTIFICIALINTELLIGENCEISACAIONEOFTHETHEORIESFOUNDATIONSOFRESEARCH6,OTHERTOOLSANDTECHNIQUESTUDYRELATEDTOOLANDTECHNIQUEWITHCAITOSTILLINCLUDE1THEDEVELOPMENTTECHNIQUEOFTHESOFTWAREOFFACINGTOTHEOBJECTNAMELYOOTECHNIQUE2EACHKINDOFWORDPROCESSING,PICTUREANDFORMPROCESSING,PICTUREPROCESSINGUNDERTHEWINDOWSENVIRONMENTETCTOOLANDTECHNIQUE五、ESTABLISHTHEMAINTHOUGHTOFTHISSYSTEMTRADITIONALTEACHINGMODEISATEACHER,ACHALKBEATSWORLDTHETEACHERTEACHESKNOWLEDGEONTHECLASSROOM,THESTUDENTACCEPTSKNOWLEDGEONTHECLASSROOM,ANDTHEDIFFERENTSTUDENTACCEPTSANABILITYALSODIFFERENT,HAVEOFTHESTUDENTCANLISTENTOUNDERSTAND,HAVEOFKNOWONLYSUPERFICIALLY,BUTHAVEOFALITTLEBITMOREPOSSIBLETHENDIDNTLISTENTOUNDERSTAND,TEACHERTOSAMEKNOWLEDGEPOINTGENERALLYISWILLNOTREPEATTOEXPLAININDETAIL,FORTHOSESTUDENTSWHODONTUNDERSTANDBUTSPEECHTHEREISNOWAYRELISTENNINGTOLESSON,MASTERKNOWLEDGE,INTHEMEANTIMEBECAUSEOFONLYHAVEBOOKTEACHING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