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江西中考英语选词填空.doc.doc江西中考英语选词填空.doc.doc -- 5 元

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1well,soft,second,better,may,strongly,afraid,sand,stayup,if,now,houseWecantstopanearthquake地震,butwecandothingstomakesuretheydontdestroy毁坏wholecities.First,itisnota1.________ideatobuildhousesalonglineswhere2.________oftheearthsplates板块jointogether.Second,ifyouthinkthere3.________beanearthquake,itisbettertobuildhousesonrocks,noton4.________.Third,youmustmakethehousesas5.________aspossible.Weakbuildingswillfalldowninanearthquake,butstrongonesmay6.________..Scientistsare7.________thatonedayanevenbiggerearthquakewillhitthepartaroundSanFrancisco旧金山.TheycallitTheBigOne.However,peopletodayarestillbuildingmore8.________.ThepopulationinandaroundSanFranciscois9.________tentimesmorethanitwasin1906.Thismeansthat10.________thereisanotherearthquake,agreatmanyhousesandbuildingswillbedestroyed.1.good2.two3.may4.sand5.strong6.stayup7.afraid8.houses9.now10.if【剖析】这是一篇科普类文章,要求选填的词汇都是浅显易懂的常用词,且都是大纲范围内的词汇。因此,学生要通读全文,了解大意。只要能够理解文章上下的内容,对短文语境中有用的信息进行分析、推敲、结合整篇,就可以确定所需词汇。值得注意的是,题目提供的词中有两组形容词、副词的同根词,这就要求我们既要明白文章的意思,还得善用所学的综合知识。第1题选good。依句型这里需要形容词,看全文应是好。第2题选two。文章一开始就说,我们虽然不能阻止地震,但可以采取措施减少地震对城市的破坏程度。如果那样的话,那么在地球板块与板块交界的地方建造房屋肯定不是好办法。(这是一个跨学科的问题,世界上已经发生的地震多数发生在地球板块与板块交界的地方,科学家们称之为地震带。由此可见,要学好英语,还要学好其他学科。)第3题选may。在这里表示猜测、假设,意思是可能。第4题选sand。沙地与前面的rocks一词对应。这句话是说,如果你认为某个地方可能要发生地震,最好是将房屋建筑在地质比较坚硬的地带,而不能建在地质松的地带。比如像沙漠这样的地带就不能建造房屋。第5题选strong。除地质条件外,将房屋建得strong牢固些,也是减轻地震灾害的一项重要措施。第6题选stayup。在这里是站立、矗立的意思,与前面的falldown一词相对应。第7题选afraid。因为旧金山这个城市就建在太平洋板块与美洲大陆板块交界的地带(环太平洋地震带),所以说科学家们感到担心、害怕。第8题选houses。科学家们之所以感到担心和害怕,是因为那里的人还在那里建造房屋,这正好与前面说的减轻地震灾害的方法相反。第9题选now。与前面的1906年相对比。第10题选if。文章最后小结提出假设旧金山如果依旧那样的话,一旦有一天发生地震,后果将不堪设想。2forget,bring,mend,beside,luck,pick,same,differently,I,every,stop,eachMr.Brownhadanumbrellashopinasmalltown.Peoplesometimes1________himbrokenumbrellas,andthenhetookthemtoabigshopinLondon.Theywere2________there.OnedayMr.BrownwenttoLondonbytrain.He3________totakeanumbrellawithhimthatday.Sittinginfrontofhimwasamanwithanumbrellastanding4_______theseat.WhenthetrainarrivedinLondon,Mr.Brown5________uptheumbrellaasheoftendidduringhisjourneybytrain.Justashewasgettingoff,hewas6________bytheman.Hesaidangrily,Thats7________Mr.Brownsfaceturnedredandhegaveitbacktothemanatonce.WhenMrBrowngottothebigshop,theshopkeeperhadgothissixumbrellasready.Afteragoodlookat8________ofthem,hesaid,Youvemendedthemverywell.Intheafternoonhegotintothetrainagain.The9________manwasinthesameseat.HelookedatMrBrownandhissixumbrellas,Youvehada10________day,hesaid.1.brought2.mended3.forgot4.beside5.picked6.stopped7.mine8.each9.same10.lucky【剖析】这是一篇伞店老板MrBrown在火车上发生的故事,是叙述类文章。要求填的词汇都是大纲范围内的词汇,因此难度不是很大。学生应在短文语境中对有用的信息进行推敲,结合整篇文章的内容,确定所需词汇。通读全文,了解大意。再读全文,确定所需词的词义、词性和词形。第1题需要动词,因为该句无谓语,意思是带来或给,所以选brought。第2题需要动词,由于该句是被动语态,意思是被修理,选mended。第3题为动词,由空前主语和空后的动词不定式决定,根据下文判断意思是忘记,选forgot。第4题选介词。由语境决定的,意思是在座位旁边,选beside。第5题选动词,意思是拾起,恰好是词组pickup,故事发生在过去,所以选picked。第6题选动词,由于句子是被动语态,选stopped。第7题选名词性物主代词,由于句子是主系表结构,意思是我的,选mine。第8题选代词,由后面的of结构决定的,指每一或者全部,选词中没有提供all所以选each。第9题选形容词,由于它修饰的是名词,指相同的,选same。第10题选形容词,由于它修饰的是名词,指幸运的或好的,选lucky。3notspeak,call,idea,and,what,garden,hear,quiet,do,eat,name,sayAfarmersawanoldmangrowingsomethingontheothersideoftheriver.Thefarmer1.________outtohim,Whatareyougrowing,GrandpaTheoldman2.________foramoment,thensaid,Swimover3.________Illtellyou.Thefarmerdidntlikethe4.________ofswimmingacrosstheriver.Buthewantedtoknow5.________theoldmanwasdoing.Heswamover.Theoldmansaidvery6.________inhisear,Implantingpeasinmy7.________.Youshouldhaveshouted.Iwouldhave8.________quiteclearlyonthatside.Saidthefarmer.Oh,no,Iwouldnt9.________that.Thesparrowswouldhaveheardmeand10.________mypeas.1.called2.didntspeak3.and4.idea5.what6.quietly7.garden8.heard9.do10.eaten【剖析】1.此题选called。根据第一段讲的一个农夫在河对岸看到一个老人在种什么东西推理,当他想问河对岸这位老人在种什么时,就得大声喊calledout。2.这题选didntspeak。因为从下文可知这位老人并没有立刻回答。3.这里需要并列连词,选and。由上文得知老人没有急于回答,而是让他游过来,再告诉他。4.利用排除法,结合上下文的意思,可知此题选idea。5.从上下文的意思及句子结构,可知此题选what。6.从后面的inhisear,可知说话的声音应该是悄悄地,所以选quietly。7.从上下文可判断应是在garden里种东西。8.从这个农夫前一句话有shouted一词也知后面为听的意思,表示听的结果应为heard。9.根据上下文的意思,我不能那样做选do。10.此话表示如果我大声说话,麻雀会听到的,那么它就会来吃我的豌豆,虚拟语气,选eaten。4telephone,for,lose,so,strong,clever,somebody,good,happy,outside,everybody,atMrsAndrewshadayoungcat,anditwasthecatsfirstwinter.Oneeveningitwas1.________whenitbegantosnowheavily.MrsAndrewslooked2.________iteverywhereandshouteditsname,butshedidnotfindit,3.________shetelephonethepoliceandsaid,Ihave4.________asmallblackcat.Has5.________foundoneNo,madam,saidthepolicemanattheotherend,Butcatsarereallyvery6.________animals.Theysometimeslivefordaysinthesnow,andwhenitmelts融化orsomebodyfindsthem,theyarequite7.________.MrsAndrewsfelt8.________whensheheardthis.And,shesaid,Ourcatisvery9.________.Shealmosttalks.Thepolicemanwasgettingtired,Wellthen,hesaidWhydontyouputyour10.________downMaybesheistryingtotelephoneyounow.1.outside2.for3.so4.lost5.anybody6.strong7.well9.clever8.happier10.telephone【剖析】1.从上下文可看出猫在外面,因此选outside。2.lookfor寻找是固定搭配,所以选for。3.从上下文判断表因果,所以选so。4.从上下文判断找不到猫,所以是丢了lost。5.在疑问句中应用不定代词anybody。6.猫是一种生命力非常强的动物,所以选strong。7.表示身体好当用well。8.从上下文可以知道,Mrs.Andrews听了警察安慰她的话后,感觉好些了,所以选happier。9.从后面一句的Shealmosttalks可推断出她的猫clever。10.联系上下文,Mrs.Andrews在打电话,所以警察让她放下电话telephone。5tell,hear,listento,guard,drum,much,fly,army,with,other,way,instructionHerearesomeoldwaystosendingmessages.AnEgyptian埃及人puthiseartotheground.He1.________thehorsescomingthisway.Heranto2.________hispeople.Hewasa3.________.ThatwasonewayforEgyptianstosendmessages.Peoplein4.________countriessentmessage,too.Whenenemiescame,onemanbeathisdrum.Inthenextvillagepeopleheardthedrumandbeattheirdrums,too.Themessageswentfromvillagetovillageby5.________.Much6.________,somearmies军队keptmanypigeons鸽子.Thesepigeonsalways7.________back.Whenasoldierwassentfarawayfromhisown8.________,hemighttakeapigeonalong.Hecouldtieamessagetothebirdsleg.Itwouldflyback9.________thesoldiersmessage.Theseareshownwaystosendmessages.Canyouthinkofmore10.________1heard2.tell3.guard4.other5.drum6.more7.flew8.army9.with10.ways【剖析】1.他听到马朝这边跑来的声音,故选heard。2.他跑去告诉他的人民,故选tell。3.符合上下文要求,应该是放哨的人guard。4.其他国家的不特指,other。5.通过鼓来传递信号,drums。6.更何况,更不用说muchmore是固定搭配,所以选more。7.常理,鸽子应是飞回来的,所以此题选flew。8.根据士兵应属军队,这一题选army。9.表示伴随,应用带着with。10.根据上文,推断这里是问,你能想出更多的方法吗,所以选ways。6before,discover,fast,in,come,watch,so,fastly,it,ago,shine,notcanLighttravelsataspeed速度whichisaboutamilliontimes1.________thanthatofsound.2.________onesecond,lighttravelsabout300,000kilometers,butsoundtravelsonly340meters.Youcangetsomeideaofthisdifferenceby3.________thestartofarunningmatch.Ifyoustandfarawayfromthestarter发令员,youcanseesmoke4.________fromhisgun5.________thesoundreachesyourears.Thefastspeedoflightproducessomestrangefacts.Theneareststaris6.________farawaythatlightwhichyoucanseefromittonightstartedtotraveltoyoufouryears7.________ataspeedofnearlytwomillionkilometerseveryminute.Thelightfromsomeoftonightsstartedon8.________journeytowardsyouevenbeforeyouwereborn.So,ifwewanttobehonest诚实,we9.________say,Thestarsareshiningbrightlytonight.Wehavetosay,Thestarslooknice.Theywere10.________fouryearsagobuttheirlighthasjustreachedourearth.1.faster2.In3.watching4.come5.before6.so7.ago8.its9.cannot10.shining【剖析】1.因为光的速度比声快,显然than之前应该用比较级,所以选faster。2.承接上文,这里应该用在内,选。3.介词后应接动名词,表示观看比赛应用watch,所以选watching。4.see后跟不带to的不等式,做宾语的补足语,即seesb.do结构,因此,选come。5.发令枪响时,在远处观看的人,先看到的是火光和烟,紧接着听到的才是枪声。选before。6.引导一个表结果的状语从句。如此以致于sothat,下文有that所以这里应该用so。7.由上下文判断这里应选ago。8.开始的旅程ononesjourney是固定搭配,选its。9.上文已告诉我们有的星球离我们太远,它们的光线到达我们地球需要几年的时间。因而从科学的角度讲,我们不能说今夜星光灿烂。选cannot。10根据上文可知,我们现在看到的光是几年前的发出的,应选shining。7happy,interest,problem,never,getaway,eye,run,tire,have,miss,catch,thinkAmanwassittinginthedoctorsoffice.Hewastellingthedoctorabouthis1.________.Ilikefootball,Doctor.Hesaid,Pleasehelpme.Mylifehas2.________beenagoodonesinceIbecame3.________infootballanditisgettingworseandworse.Icanteven4.________fromitinmysleep.WhenIclosemy5.________,Imoutthereinthefootballfieldand6.________afteraflyingball.WhenIwakeup,Immore7.________thanIwasbeforeIwenttobed.WhatamIgoingtodoThedoctorsatbackandsaid,Firstofall,you8.________todoyourbestnottodream做梦aboutfootball.Beforeyoufallasleep,tryto9.________aboutsomethingelse.Trytothinkthatyouareatapartyandsomeoneisgoingtogiveyouseveralmilliondollars.Areyoucrazy疯了themanshouted,Ill10.________theball1.problem2.never3.interested4.getaway5.eyes6.running7.tired8.have9.think10.miss8other,move,enough,find,desert,make,use,another,friend,carry,trouble,friendYoumaythinkthereisnothingbutsandinthedesertoftheworld,butitisnottrue.Inthedesertwecan1._______stones.Wecanseehills,too.Thereisalittleraininthe2.________,butitisnot3.______formostplants.Theanimalsare4._______tothedesertpeopleinmanyways.Thedesertpeopleeatthemeatanddrinkthemilkoftheanimals.Theyusetheirskinsto5.________shoes,waterbagsandeventents帐篷.Theyusethecamels骆驼for6._______things.Thepeopleofthedeserthavetokeep7._______fromplacestoplace.Theymustalwayslookforgrassordesertplantsfortheiranimals.Theyusuallyliveinthetents.Whenthereismomorefoodfortheiranimals,theytakedowntheirtents,putthemonthecamelsandmoveto8._______place.Thedesertpeoplearevery9._______.Nomaninthedesertwouldeverrefusetohelpthepeoplein10._______andgivethemfoodandwater.1.find2.desert3.enough4.useful5.make6.carrying7.moving8.another9.friendly10.trouble9how,they,winter,summerspend,care,dance,take,show,open,only,goodTheworldoftheoutofdoorsisfullofsecrets.And1.________aresointerestingthatquitealotofpeoplearebusystudyingthem.Allaroundusarebirds,animals,treesandflowers.Thefactsabout2.________theyliveandgrowareasinterestingasanythingcouldbe.DoyouknowthatoneofthegreatpresidentsoftheUnitedStates3________hoursandhoursstudyingbirdsAbusinessmanwholivesnearNewYorkCitybecamesointerestedininsects昆虫thathebegantocollectthem.Henowhasmorethanonethousanddifferentkinds4.________keptintheglassboxes.Comethenwithme,andIwillhelpyoufindsomeofNaturessecrets.Letusgoquietlythroughthewoodsandfields.Hereweshallfindhowarabbittellstheotherrabbitsthatthereisdanger.Weshallfollowamotherbearandheryoungonesastheysearchforfoodandgetreadyfor5.________sleep.Weshallwatchbees6.________intheairtoletotherbeesknowwheretheycanfindfood.Iwill7.________youmanyotherinterestingthings,butthe8.________thingthatIcanteachyouistokeepyoureyesandears9.________whenyougooutofdoors.Naturetellshersecrets10.________topeoplewholookandlistencarefully.1.they2.how3.spent4.carefully5.winter6.dancing7.show8.best9.open10.only10two,sudden,cold,teach,insurprise,French,hot,beard,photo,office,passport,ChinaMrHillarrivesatLondonAirport,attheendofathreeweekholidayin1.________.Usuallyhewearsabeard蓄着胡须.Sinceithasbeen2.________there,hehastakenitoff剃掉.Buthispassportphotoshowshimwithhis3.________.Anofficerlooksatthe4.________foramoment,andsays,WillyouexcusemePleasesitdown.Ishantkeepyoulong.Withthis,hewalksaway,showsthephototoasecond5.________,andsaysIknowthatface.Thesecondofficerlooksatthe6.________andaskswhereMrHillhascomefrom.WhenhehearsthatMrHillhasarrivedbackfromParis,the7.________officersmilesandsaysAnEnglishmanwithabeardstoleapaintinginParisonFriday,Andthatmanlooksjustthekindofman...8.________itcomestothefirstofficerwhoMrHillis.Hereturnstohim,andasksDidyou9.________attheNo.2.HighSchoolWhenMrHillanswers,10.________,thathedid,thefirstofficersmilesandsaysIthoughtso.ImJackSmith.YoutaughtmeFrench.Youhaventchangedabit.1.France2.hot3.beard4.photo5.office6.passport7.second8.Suddenly9.teach10.insurprise11how,much,safe,thank,play,be,invent,no,so,interest,must,askThomasEdisonwasagreatAmerican1.________.Whenhewasachild,hewasalways2.________questionsandtryingoutnewideas.Nomatter3.________harditwas,henevergaveup.YoungTomwasinschoolforonlythreemonths.Histeacherdidntunderstandwhyhehad4.________manystrangequestions.Mostofthemwerenotabouthislessons.TheteacherdidntwanttoteachTomany5.________.HeaskedTomsmothertotaketheboyhome.Tomsmothertaughthimtoreadandwrite,andshefoundhim6.________averygoodpupil.Helearntveryfastandbecamevery7.________inscience.Oneday,hesawalittleboy8.________ontherailwaytracksatastation.Atrainwascomingnearquiclly,andtheboywastoofrightenedtomove.Edisonrushedoutandcarriedtheboyto9.________.Theboysfatherwasso10.________thathetaughtEdisontosendmessagesbytelegraph.1.inventor2.asking3.how4.so5.more6.tobe7.interested8.playing9.safety10.thankful12as,sleep,dream,like,again,about,think,must,wakeup,quick,much,whyDreams梦maybemoreimportantthansleep.Weallneedtodream,somescientistssay.Dreamstakeupaboutonequarterofour1.________time.Peoplehaveseveral2.________eachnight.Dreamsarelikeshortfilms.Theyareusuallyincolour.Somedreamsare3.________oldfilms.Theycometousoverandover4.________.Thatmaybebecausethedreamerisworryingaboutsomething.Dreamingmaybeawayoftryingtofindananswer.Somepeoplegetnewideas5.________theirworkfromdreams.Theymayhavebeen6.________abouttheirworkallday.Thesethoughtscancarryoverintodreams.Sometimeswe7.________withagoodfeelingfromadream.Butoftenwecantrememberthedream.Dreamscandisappear消失8.________frommemory记忆.Toomuchdreamingcanbeharmful有害的.The9.________wesleep,thelongerwedream.Themindishardatworkwhenwedream.Thatis10.________wemayhavealongsleepandstillwakeuptired.1.sleeping2.dreams3.like4.again5.about6.thinking7.wakeup8.quickly9.more10.why13see,lookedfor,hunt,dog,kill,wolf,die,tear,remind,back,hunt,his,rememberMorethansevenhundredyearsago,thePrinceofWaleshadaverybigandbravedogcalledGelert.OnedaythePrincewantedtogo1.________withhismen.Hetoldhis2.________tostayathomeandlookafterhisbabyson.Thebabywasinawoodencradle摇篮,whichwaslikeasmallbed.WhenthePrincecamebackfromhunting,Gelertranouttomeethismaster.Hewaggedhistailandjumpeduptoputhispaws(前爪)onthePrinceschest.ThenthePrincesawthebloodonGelertsjawsandhead.WhathaveyoudonethePrincesaid.Herushedintohishouseand3.________hisbabyson.Thecradlewaslyingonitssideonthefloor.Theclothesweretornandtherewasbloodonthem.SoyouhavekilledmysonthePrincesaidangrily.YouunfaithfuldogHetookouthissword(剑)and4.________thedog.JustasGelertwas5.________,hemanagedtobark.ThenthePrinceheardababycalltothedog.ThePrinceranoutofthehouseandsawhissonlyingonthegroundunhurt.Nearhimwasadead6.________.ThenthePrinceknewthatGelerthaddefended(保卫)thebabyandkilledthewolf.ThePrinceran7.________intothehousebuthewastoolate.Gelertwasdead.ThePrincewasverysadindeed.8.________randownhisfacewhenherealizedhehadkilled9.________faithfulfriend.ThePrincecarriedthebodyofhisbravedogtothetopofamountainandburiedhimthere.Afterthis,thePrinceneversmiledagain.Everymorningatdawn,hewalkedupthemountainandstoodbythedogsgraveforafewminutes.IfyougotoMountSnowdoninWales,peoplewillshowyouwhereGelertisburied.Thereisasignbyhisgrave.It10.________peopleofabraveandfaithfuldog.1.hunting2.dog3.lookedfor4,killed5.dying6.wolf.7.back8.Tears9.his10.reminds14and,receive,satellite,weather,change,help,or,early,for,when,forecast,starSatellitesForecasttheWeatherNowsatellitesarehelpingtoforecast预报theweather.Theyareinspace,andtheycanreachanypartoftheworld.The1.________takepicturesoftheatmosphere大气,becausethisiswheretheweatherforms形成.Theysendthesepicturestothe2.________station.Sothescientiststherecanseetheweatherofanypartoftheworldandtellhowtheweatherwillchange.Today,nearlyfivehundredweatherstationsinsixtycountriescan3.________satellitepictures.4.________theyreceivethenewpictures,theycompare比较themwiththeearlierones.Perhapstheymayfindthatthecloudshave5.________duringthelastfewhours.Thismaymeanthattheweatheronthegroundmaysoonchange,too.Intheirnextweather6.________,theycantellpeopleaboutit.Sotheweathersatellitesareofagreat7.________tothescientistsatthestation.Inthepasttheycouldforecasttheweatherforabout24or48hours8.________.Nowtheycanmakegoodforecastsforthree9________fivedays.Soon,perhaps,theymaybeabletoforecasttheweather10.________aweekormoreahead.1.satellites2.weather3.receive4.When5.changed6.forecast7.help8.earlier9.or10.for
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