沈阳初三英语家教综合阅读_指代主旨修饰及翻译技巧吴军讲义.doc.doc沈阳初三英语家教综合阅读_指代主旨修饰及翻译技巧吴军讲义.doc.doc

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沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM024316889481沈阳吴军高分英语家教地址铁西区启工街地铁口旁第一城D组团5号27层网址WWWSYPETERWUCOM电话2014综合阅读指代/主旨/修饰词/翻译真题精讲教案指代题指代题作为词义题的一种,也是常见题型之一。解这类题,要注意代词批代总的原则就近指代代词指代在性阴性或阳性、数单数或复数、格主格或宾格、逻辑、意义、位置等方面与之接近的名词。就位置而言,如上所述,代词所指代的名词通常在本句或其上句之中;就数而言,单数代词指代单数名词,复数代词指代复数名词2008年后一直到2012年,沈阳中考英语有了指代题,其指代的一般是前句的名词,要找对应关系,主语找找语,宾语找宾语,还要看指代词是IT,THIS,THAT,ONE单数名词,不可数名词,还是THOSE,THESE,ONES复数名词◆THEY指代复数名词主格;WEHOPETHATGREENBUILDINGSWILLBECOMECOMMONINTHEFUTURE,BECAUSEETHEYAREGOODFORTHEENVIRONMENT划线部分E在文中指代的是_____________◆THEM指代复数名词宾格THEGREENSINGAPORE2050GS2050ISACOMMUNITYPLATFORM社区平台FORYOUNGPEOPLETOEXPRESSTHEIRGREATWORRIESABOUTENVIRONMENTALPROBLEMS,ANDTHINKOFSOLUTIONS解决方法FORETHEM2012年沈阳中考92文中划线部分(E)指代的是_____________THEYALSOGAVEUSSIGNSWITHNUMBERSONCTHEMFORCOMPETITIONSDURINGTHESHOW2008沈阳中考划线部分C在文中指代的是_____________◆数单数IT指代单数名词单数可数名词或不可数名词,也可指代一个句子THEBOYLOOKEDATMECLOSELYTHENHETOOKASECONDPIECEOFMYCHOCOLATEICOULDHARDLYBELIEVEIT(B)STILLIDIDN’TSAYANYTHINGTOHIMWHENHETOOKATHIRDPIECE,IFELTMOREANGRYTHANUNEASYITHOUGHT,“WELL,ISHALLHAVETHELASTPIECE”ANDIGOTCIT2007年沈阳中考83文中能替代划线部分C的短语是________________沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM024316889482ITALSOSAYSTHATTHEIDEATHATWENEEDLESSSLEEPASWEGETOLDERISCOMPLETELYUNTRUED‘‘PEOPLEHAVENOIDEAHOWIMPORTANTSLEEPISTOTHEIRLIVES,”DRTHOMASROTH,DIRECTOROFTHEFOUNDATIONSAYS.“GOODHEALTHNEEDSGOODSLEEP’’“BUTNOTTOOMUCHOFEIT,”SAYSPROFESSORJIMHOMEOFLOUGHBOROUGHUNIVERSITY.2009沈阳中考划线部分E在文中指代的是_____________“MANYTEACHERSAREUNDERGREATERPRESSURE压力THANEVERBEFORE,”SAYSKYLENEBEERS,PRESIDENTOFTHENATIONALCOUNCILFORTEACHERSOFENGLISH,“SOMEOFEITCOMESFROMPARENTS,SOMEFROMTHEWISHFORHIGHSCORESONTESTS”TEACHERSWHOAREUNDERPRESSUREFEELTHENEEDTOASSIGNMOREHOMEWORK2011沈阳中考91文中划线部分(E)指代的是ANEREADERHASTHEMEMORYSPACETOHOLDHUNDREDSOFBOOKS.SOPEOPLEWANTTOA扔掉沉书包ANDREADWITHSMALL,LIGHTEREADERS.FOREXAMPLE,CUSHINGACADEMY,AHIGHSCHOOLINMASSACHUSETTS,USA,REPLACED替换MOSTOFTHE20,000BOOKSINBITSLIBRARYLASTSUMMER.TEACHERSANDSTUDENTSWILLUSEEREADERSINSTEAD.2010沈阳中考90文中划线部分B指代的是9THENEXTDAYAPICTUREOFABLACKHORSEWASONTHEDOOROFTHEBARINSTEADOFETHATOFTHEWHITEHORSE2009沈阳中考模拟划线部分E在文中指代的是_____________◆性、数MAXPULLEDBILL’STROUSERS,ASIFEHEWASTRYINGTOPULLHIMALONG2008沈阳中考划线部分E在文中指代的是__________ONEDAY,ICOULDN’TDOITANYLONGERANDISUDDENLYDSTARTEDCRYING,“GREAT”SAIDTHEDIRECTOR“ILIKEITSHEISCRYINGWITHTRUEFEELINGS”ICALLEDMYMUMTOTELLEHERABOUTITBUTMYMOBILEPHONE手机WOULDN’TWORKINTHEVILLAGE2011沈阳中考87文中划线部分(E)指代的是◆ONE指代单可数名词等。MRZHANGGAVEMEAVERYVALUABLEPRESENT,ONEAPRESENTTHATIHAVENEVERSEENHEGAVEMEMANYVALUABLEPRESENTS,ONESMANYPRESENTSTHATIHAVENEVERSEEN除了位置、性、数和格等方面的要求外,逻辑和意义也是衡量的标准,也就是说,正确的答案应该从意义主要指语法搭配上和逻辑主要指思想内容上而言都通顺。沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM024316889483找修饰或描写词语一般是指形容词或副词描写人首先找到表示人的名词或代词,看其表语或修饰定语用了什么形容词;描写物首先找到表示物的名词或代词,看其表语或修饰定语用了什么形容词;找整体的描述词则需看每一段的首尾句,看一看用了哪些形容词THEREWASONCEAWOMANWHOWANTEDALITTLECHILDBUTASHEDIDNOTKNOWWHERESHECOULDGETONESOSHEWENTTOANOLDWOMANWHOKNEWABOUTMAGICTHEOLDWOMANASKEDHERTOPLANTSOMEMAGICGRASSINASMALLPOTANDWAITTHEWOMANWENTHOMEBTHEMAGICGRASSANDPLANTEDITINAPOTCATONCEALARGE,BEAUTIFULFLOWERGREWINTHEPOT“THATISABEAUTIFULFLOWER,”SAIDTHEWOMAN,ANDTHEWOMAN,ANDSHEKISSEDITJUSTASSHEKISSEDITTHEFLOWEROPENEDALITTLEGIRLWASSITTINGINSIDETHEFLOWERDSHEWASALOVELYGIRL,BUTSHEWASSOSMALLSHEWASSMALLERTHANATHUMB,SOSHEWASENAMEDTUMBLING90找出文中描写小女孩的词语THELITTLEMERMAID美人鱼LIVEDINACASTLEINTHESEASHEWASABEAUTIFULGIRLWITHNOFEETBECAUSEHERBODYENDEDINAFISH’STAIL2013沈阳中考模拟ONEFINEDAY,SHESAWTHESHIPOFAHANDSOMEPRINCESUDDENLYTHESEASTARTEDTOGETROUGH汹涌AHUGEWAVECAPSIZED倾覆THESHIPBUTTHEPRINCEDIDNOTKNOWHOWTOSWIMTHELITTLEMERMAIDSAVEDHIMSHETOOKHIMTOABEACHANDRETURNEDTOTHESEAWHENTHEPRINCEWOKEUP,HESAWAGIRLHETHOUGHTTHEGIRLSAVEDHISLIFEHEWANTEDTOTHANKTHEGIRL,BUTAHEWASTOOWEAKTOSPEAKTHELITTLEMERMAIDFELLINLOVEWITHTHEPRINCEANDWANTEDTOBEHUMANSHEWENTTOSEEAWITCHTOB_____HERFISH’STAILINTOLEGS,SOSHECOULDBEWITHTHEPRINCETHEMERMAIDHADABEAUTIFULVOICETHEWITCHMADEHEREXCHANGEHERVOICEFORTHEMEDICINETHATWOULDGIVEHERLEGSTHEWITCHTOLDTHELITTLEMERMAIDTHATSHEMUSTWINTHEPRINCE’SLOVE,CORSHEWOULDDIETHENEXTNIGHTSHESWAMTOTHEBEACHHERLEGSGREWANDSHEWALKEDTOTHEPRINCE’SPALACESHEDANCEDFORTHEPRINCEBUTSHECOULDNOTTALKTOHIMTOHERSURPRISE,THEPRINCETOLDHER,HEWOULDGETMARRIEDTOTHEWOMANWHOSAVEDHISLIFE”THELITTLEMERMAIDWASVERYSADTHATNIGHT,SHEDREAMEDABOUTTHEWITCHTHEWITCHTOLDHERTOKILLTHEPRINCESOSHECOULDLIVEANDBECOMEAMERMAIDAGAINTHELITTLEMERMAIDDECIDEDTHATSHECOULDNOTKILLTHEPRINCE,SOSHED跳入大海TOKILLHERSELFTHEGODSOFTHEAIRSAVEDHER,BECAUSEHERHEARTWASPURE纯洁的ANDTODAYSHELIVESINTHEWINDWITHHERFRIENDS80在文中找出描写美人鱼的两个形容词沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM024316889484MAY20ISNATIONALSTUDENTNUTRITIONDAY营养日WHYISSTUDENTNUTRITIONIMPORTANTJUSTASACELLPHONENEEDSENERGYFROMCHARGING充电,WEHUMANSNEEDENERGYFROMFOODWHILEEATINGFOODISTHEONLYWAYTOA使我们强壮,WHATWEEATANDTHEWAYWEEATITAREALSOVERYIMPORTANT,BECAUSETHEYDECIDEBWHETHERWECANGETGOODNUTRITIONMANYOFUSHAVEBADEATINGHABITSFOREXAMPLE,SOMEDON’TEATBREAKFASTOTHERSEATTOOC_____FASTFOODTHESEBADHABITSMAYCAUSENUTRITIONPROBLEMS,WHICHAREBADFORTHEGROWTHOFOURBODIESASTUDYBYTHEGOVERNMENTIN2005SHOWEDTHATDOVER20PERCENTOFPEOPLEAGED13TO20HAVENUTRITIONPROBLEMS,SUCHASOBESITY肥胖ANDHIGHBLOODPRESSUREMORESTUDENTSOFCHINESEMIDDLEANDPRIMARYSCHOOLSAREE____HAVINGNUTRITIOUSMEALS,SUCHASMILKANDFRUITTHISYEAR,THETHEME主题OFNATIONALSTUDENTNUTRITIONDAYIS“IMPROVETHENUTRITIONOFSTUDENTSINTHECOUNTRYSIDE”FTHEGOVERNMENTWILLSPENDQUITEALOTHELPINGSTUDENTSGETNUTRITIOUSMEALS2012沈阳中考88从文中找出一个有关营养不良的症状的词语_________。WHATISITLIKEBEINGANACTORMANYPEOPLETHINKITMUSTBEWONDERFULBECAUSEWETRAVELTOEXCITINGPLACES,WEARBEAUTIFULCLOTHESANDA挣钱多THISISONLYONEASPECT方面OFOURLIVESTHOUGHWEALSOWORKVERYHARD2011沈阳中考IPLAYEDACOUNTRYGIRLINMYLASTBMOVIEIHADTOLIVEINASMALLVILLAGEWITHTHEOTHERACTORSFORPARTOFTHEWINTERCITWASREALLYHARDFORMEASIGREWUPINACITYTOHELPMEPLAYACOUNTRYGIRLBETTER,ICOOKEDFORMYSELFANDTHEOTHERSEVERYDAYIEVENWALKEDAFEWMILESSOMETIMESTOGETWATER,ASTHEREWASNONEINTHEHOUSESIWANTEDTOUNDERSTANDHOWAREALVILLAGEGIRLLIVEDITHOUGHTITWASFUNATFIRSTIFELTDIFFERENTAFTERAWEEKORTWO,THOUGHIDIDWEARSOMEBEAUTIFULTRADITIONALCLOTHES,BUTTHEYWERENOTTHICKENOUGHIWASVERYCOLDBUTIHADTOKEEPSMILINGALLTHETIMEONEDAY,ICOULDN’TDOITANYLONGERANDISUDDENLYDSTARTEDCRYING,“GREAT”SAIDTHEDIRECTOR“ILIKEITSHEISCRYINGWITHTRUEFEELINGS”ICALLEDMYMUMTOTELLEHERABOUTITBUTMYMOBILEPHONE手机WOULDN’TWORKINTHEVILLAGEITHINKITISWORTHDOINGALLTHIS,THOUGHILIKEITWHENPEOPLETELLMETHEYENJOYMYPLAYSANDASKMETOSIGNAPICTUREITISALSOFUNTOBESOMEONEELSEFORAWHILEI’MVERYLUCKYTOBEANACTOR88从文中找出有关赞美方面的两个形容词沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM024316889485DOYOUCARRYTOOMUCHONTHEWAYTOSCHOOLORHOMEDON’TWORRY.TRYEREADERS电子阅读器ANDSAYGOODBYETOYOURHEAVYSCHOOLBAG.ANEREADERHASTHEMEMORYSPACETOHOLDHUNDREDSOFBOOKS.SOPEOPLEWANTTOA扔掉沉书包ANDREADWITHSMALL,LIGHTEREADERS.FOREXAMPLE,CUSHINGACADEMY,AHIGHSCHOOLINMASSACHUSETTS,USA,REPLACED替换MOSTOFTHE20,000BOOKSINBITSLIBRARYLASTSUMMER.TEACHERSANDSTUDENTSWILLUSEEREADERSINSTEAD.MOSTEREADERSARETHINANDWEIGHLESSTHAN500G.THEYCANDOWNLOAD下载ANEBOOKIN60SECONDS“ITSCSOEASY.YOUCANHAVEALOTOFBOOKSRIGHTATYOURFINGERS”SAIDMEGHANCHENSUSKY.CHINESESCHOOLCHILDRENAREALSOTRYINGEREADERS.ATTHESHANGHAIWORLDEXPO世博会,ANESCHOOLBAGISNOWONSHOW.ITISASPECIALEREADER.STUDENTSCANUSEITTODOWNLOADTEXTBOOKSFROMTHESCHOOLSERVERS服务器DITCANALSOSENDANDRECEIVEHOMEWORK.SOMESCHOOLSINBEIJINGANDSHANGHAIHAVETRIEDTHISESCHOOLBAGFORAFEWYEARS.“IT’SEXCELLENT.IEDONTHAVETOCARRYAHEAWSCHOOLBAGANYMORE,”SAIDXIAOQI,15,BEIJING.NEWEREADERSARENOTJUSTFORREADING.THEYHAVEWIFIANDMULTIMEDIA无线电视和多媒体.PARENTSWORRYTHATTHESEMAYHURTTHEIRCHILDRENSSTUDYHABITS.“ITHINKWIFIISNOTNECESSARYFORKIDS,”SAIDZENGWENWEN,43,BEIJING.2010沈阳中考93.从文中找出两个修饰或描写EREADER的形容词________________LASTFRIDAY,AFTERDOINGALLTHEFAMILYSHOPPINGINTOWN,IWANTEDTOHAVEARESTBEFORECATCHINGTHETRAINIBOUGHTANEWSPAPERANDSOMECHOCOLATEANDWENTINTOTHESTATIONCOFFEESHOPITWASACHEAPSELFSERVICEPLACEWITHLONGTABLESTOSITATIPUTMYHEAVYBAGDOWNONTHEFLOOR,PUTTHENEWSPAPERANDCHOCOLATEONTHETABLEANDTHENA去要一杯咖啡WHENICAMEBACKWITHTHECOFFEE,THEREWASSOMEONESITTINGINTHENEXTSEATITWASABOY,WITHDARKGLASSESANDOLDCLOTHES,ANDHISHAIRWASCOLOUREDBRIGHTREDATTHEFRONTHEHADSTARTEDTOEATMYCHOCOLATENATURALLY,IWASRATHERUNEASYABOUTHIM,BUTIDIDN’TWANTTOHAVEANYTROUBLEIJUSTLOOKEDDOWNATTHEFRONTPAGEOFTHENEWSPAPER,TASTEDMYCOFFEEANDTOOKABITOFCHOCOLATETHEBOYLOOKEDATMECLOSELYTHENHETOOKASECONDPIECEOFMYCHOCOLATEICOULDHARDLYBELIEVEIT(B)STILLIDIDN’TSAYANYTHINGTOHIMWHENHETOOKATHIRDPIECE,IFELTMOREANGRYTHANUNEASYITHOUGHT,“WELL,ISHALLHAVETHELASTPIECE”ANDIGOTCITTHEBOYGAVEMEASTRANGELOOK,THENSTOODUPASHELEFTHESHOUTEDOUT,“THERE’SSOMETHINGWRONGWITHTHATWOMAN”EVERYONELOOKEDATME,BUTIDIDNOTWANTTOQUARRELWITHTHEBOY,SOIKEPTQUIETIDIDNOTREALIZETHATIHADMADEMISTAKEUNTILIFINISHEDMYCOFFEEANDWASREADYTOLEAVEMYFACETURNEDREDWHENISAWMYUNOPENEDCHOCOLATED_______THENEWSPAPERTHECHOCOLATETHATIHADBEENEATINGWASTHEBOY’S2007沈阳中考85文中描写男孩目光神情的词语是____________沈阳吴军高分英语家教WWWSYPETERWUCOM024316889486ONEOFTHESTRANGESTJOBSATTHEOSCARSISTHATOFASEATFILLERWHENONEOFTHESTARSNEEDSTOGOTOTHEBATHROOM,ASEATFILLERSITSINTHESTARSSEATTHATWAY,THETVCAMERASWONTSHOWANYEMPTYSEATSKATHYMULLERTALKSABOUTHERNIGHTASASEATFILLERAIWASTOLDTOREACHTHETHEATERINTHEMIDDLEOFTHEDAY,WEARINGMYDRESSFORTHEEVENINGTHEREWEREABOUT200OFUSSEATFILLERS,ALLVERYEXCITEDWEWERETOLDWHATWESHOULDANDSHOULDNTDOFOREXAMPLE,DONTTALKTOTHESTARS,ANDTHENB我们一直等到五点钟。THATSWHENTHESTARSSTARTEDCOMINGTHESHOWSTARTEDATSIXOCLOCKWEHADTOSTANDOUTSIDETHEDOORSTHEN,WHENSOMEONECAMEPUTTOGOTOTHEBATHROOMORHAVEACIGARETTE香烟,WEWERETOLDTOGOANDSITINTHEIRSEATCTHESHOWWASTHREEHOURSLONG,ANDIONLYSATDOWNFIVETIMESBYTHEEND,IWASREALLYTIRED,BUTIWASHAPPYBECAUSE,DURINGTHEEVENING,ISATBEHINDJIMCARREYHESVERYTALLANDCLOSETODENZELWASHINGTON,NICOLEKIDMANANDJULIAROBERTSITWASANEXCITINGNIGHT,BUTITHINKD_______YEARILLWATCHTHEOSCARSONTVATHOMELIKEEVERYONEELSE2006沈阳中考85从短文中找出两个描写心情的形容词主旨题中心思想题/主题句秘诀一文章每一段的首尾句反复出现的名词或名词词组就是主旨大意的中心词SINGAPOREISNOTJUSTACLEANANDTIDYCITYINTHEWORLD,IT’SALSOTHEGREENESTTHEREAREA三个原因WHYITISSO2012年沈阳中考SAY“NO”TOWASTESINGAPOREANSDONOTWASTEASINGLEDROPOFWATERTHEYRECYCLE再循环WATERANDSAVEBALMOSTALLRAINFALLTHEWATERCANBEUSEDFORINDUSTRYANDEVENDRINKINGMANY“GREEN”BUILDINGSTHEDUKENNSGRADUATEMEDICALSCHOOLISONEOFTHEGREATEXAMPLESOFCPRETTYGREENDESIGNITUSESSUSTAINABLEDESIGNELEMENTS可持续发展的设计元素INITSSCHOOLBUILDINGDSINGAPOREHASMANYGREENBUILDINGSLIKETHISGETTHEMWHILETHEY’REYOUNGTHEGREENSIN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