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2012年高考英语阅读理解_广告类汇编.doc.doc2012年高考英语阅读理解_广告类汇编.doc.doc -- 5 元

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2012年全国高考英语试题阅读理解分类汇编之广告类(精校word版有答案解析)1.【2012全国新课标】AAreyoulookingforsomenewandexcitingplacestotakeyourkids孩子toTrysomeoftheseplacesVisitartmuseums.Theyofferavarietyofactivitiestoexciteyourkidsinterest.Manyofferworkshopsformakinglandmadepieces,travelingexhibits,booksigningsbychildrensfavoritewriter,andevenmusicalperformancesandotherartsHeadtoanaturalhistorymuseum.Thisiswherekidscandiscoverthepastfromdinosaur恐龙modelstorockcollectionsandpicturesofstarsinthesky.Also,askwhatkindofworkshopsandeducationalprogramsarepreparedforkidsandanyspecialeventsthatarecomingup.GotoaYoutheater.Lookforoneinyourareaofferingplaysforchildandfamilyvisitors.Preshowplayshopsareconductedbyareaartistsandeducatorswherekidscandiscoverthesecretaboutperformingarts.Puppet木偶makingandstagemakeuparejustacoupleofthespecialofferingsyoumightfind.Tryhandsonscience.Visitoneofthemanyhandsonsciencemuseumsaroundthecountry.Thesescienceplaylandsaregreatfunforkidsandgrownupsalike.Theyllkeepyourchildmentallyandphysicallyactivethewholedaythroughwhilepushingbuttons,experimenting,andbuilding.Wheneveryoneistired,enjoyafunfamilyscienceshow,commonlyfoundinthesemuseums.【文章大意】这是一篇应用文。本文介绍了4则儿童旅游的广告。第一则艺术博物馆第二个自然历史博物馆第三则木偶剧院第四则自己动手科学博物馆。56.Ifachildisinterestedintheuniverse,heprobablywillvisit.A.aYoutheaterB.anartmuseumC.anaturalhistorymuseumD.ahandsonsciencemuseum【答案】C【解析】如果孩子对宇宙感兴趣,那你就得带孩子去自然历史博物馆。宇宙的内容是自然历史博物馆的一部分。根据Thisiswherekidscandiscoverthepastfromdinosaur恐龙modelstorockcollectionsandpicturesofstarsinthesky.可知C正确。【考点定位】考查判断推理。57.WhatcankidsdoataYoutheaterA.Lookatrockcollections.B.Seedinosaurmodels.C.Watchpuppetmaking.D.Giveperformances.【答案】C【解析】根据第三则广告中的Preshowplayshopsareconductedbyareaartistsandeducatorswherekidscandiscoverthesecretaboutperformingarts.可知C正确。【考点定位】考查细节理解。58.WhatdoeshandsonsciencemeaninthelastparagraphA.Sciencegamesdesignedbykids.B.Learningsciencebydoingthings.C.Ashowofkidssciencework.D.Readingsciencebooks.【答案】B【解析】根据文章中的最后一个广告中的Theyllkeepyourchildmentallyandphysicallyactivethewholedaythroughwhilepushingbuttons,experimenting,andbuilding.可知在这种博物馆中,孩子们通过按按钮、做实验和建东西去体验。所以B正确。【考点定位】考查细节理解。59.WheredoesthistextprobablycomefromA.Asciencetextbook.B.Atouristmap.C.Amuseumguide.D.Anewsreport.【答案】C【解析】根据文章的第一句话Areyoulookingforsomenewandexcitingplacestotakeyourkids孩子toTrysomeoftheseplaces和四个全是博物馆内容可知,这是一则博物馆广告介绍,所以这取材于博物馆导游图。【考点定位】考查判断推理。2.【2012陕西卷】AWhatbringsanationtogetherOfthefourchoicessharedvalues,language,history,andreligion,itssharedvalues.Inourlatestpoll民意调査,sevenoutof16countrieschosevaluesasthegreatestfactor因索)bringinganationtogether,andsixpreferredlanguage.Bothchoicesscoredhighinthepoll,suggestingthatourvaluesandhowweexpressthemarecloselylinkedStill,historywasnotforgotteninsomecountries,particularlyinMexicoandRussia.EvenCanadaandtheUnitedStateschosenationalhistoriesasthesecondmostimportantfactorunitingtheirpeople.ThebiggestsurpriseNotonecountrypickedreligionasitstopchoice.RespectyoureldersInmostcountries,theoldestgenerationconsideredvaluesmoreimportanttoanationthandidthosewhoareunder45yearsold.DoyouspeakCanadianLanguagescoredlowerinCanadathaninallothercountriespolled,perhapsbecausethecountryspeakstwoofficiallanguages,FrenchandEnglish.ChurchandstateMostpeoplepolleddonotconnecttheirreligiousbeliefstotheirnationalpride.Religionrankedlastin13countrieswithFrancescoringitat1,thelowestofall.46.Accordingtothepoll,whatwasthemostimportantfactorinbringinganationtogetherA.Language.B.Values.C.History.D.Religion.47.InwhichcountrydidlanguagescorethelowestintheirnationalprideA.Canada.B.Mexico.C.France.D.America.48.Accordingtothecharts,sharedvaluesandlanguagewereconsideredequallyimportantin.A.AustraliaB.BrazilC.ChinaD.India【要点综述】一项最新的调查表明使得一个民族更有凝聚力的因素很多,但最主要是相同的价值取向。1.【答案与解析】B事实细节题。根据第一自然段中的inourlatestpoll,sevenoutof16countrieschosevaluesasthegreatestfactorbringinganationtogether.选B。2.【答案与解析】A事实细节题。由DoyouspeakCanadian中的第一句可知本题选A。3.【答案与解析】D推理判断题。根据图表可以看出India对于价值取向和语言的意思看到一样重要,故本题选D。3.【2012四川卷】BHereisyourbestchancetotravelaroundtheUKin2012Morethan200BBs(bedbreakfast)acrossEngland,Scotland,WalesandNorthernIrelandareselectedtoofferyouamazingservicesforyourstayattheirlowestpricesDontmissit.Justcollectthevouchers(活动券)inourBBDailyprintedfrom01/04/2012to07/04/2012andbookthestaysforyourtravelfollowingthetermsandconditionsbelow●Theofferincludesaroomforthenightandabreakfastthenextmorning.●Theofferisoftwokinds£20perroom,valid(有效的)duringstayperiodof02/04/201231/05/2012andthenagain01/09/201231/10/2012£35perroom,pernight,validduringstayperiodof01/06/201231/08/2012.●Theofferisvalidforabasictwinordoubleroomonly.●ThestaymustbebookeddirectlywiththechosenBBsbefore28/04/2012.●Eachvouchercanonlybeusedbytheholdertobookoneroomforonenight.●Ifvoucherholdersbookeitherthe£20or£35perroompernight,anyadditionalservicessuchaslunch,eveningmealoractivitiesmayrequireanextracharge.Butthesearenotrequiredinordertotakeuptheoffer.PleasecheckdirectlywithyourchosenBBstoseewhatextraservicesareavailable.●Vouchersmustbepresentedonarrival.Ifnovouchersarepresented,theBBsmayreserve(保留)therighttochargeatfullpriceforeverynightofstay.●Vouchersmaynotbeusedtogetherwithanyotheroffer.●Thevoucherholdersmustpayforthestayinfullatthetimeofbooking.Additional£10maybepaidtoconfirm(确认)thebookingandwillbereturnedonarrival.●TheBBsreservetherighttorefusevoucherholdersbookingsforpeopleundertheageof18.45.ThevouchercanbeusedforastayatthechosenBBon______.A.09/01/2012B.04/02/2012C.01/03/2012D.28/04/201246.HowmuchshouldbepaidforatwonightstayinOctober2012atachosenBBA.£70B.£40C.£35D.£3047.WhatrightdotheBBsreserveA.Tochargeextra£10forbookingswithnovouchers.B.Torefusebookingsforguestundertheageof18.C.Tochargeatfullpriceforstaysnotconfirmed.D.Torequestextrachargesastips.48.Bytakinguptheoffer,thevoucherholderscanchooseto______.A.bookeitherabasictwinordoubleroomatthechosenBBsB.havelunchoreveningmealwithoutpayingextramoneyC.usetheBBoffertogetherwithotheroffersD.bookthestaysthoughBBDaily【本文要点】本文介绍了英国的BBs旅行食宿优惠活动。文章主要谈到了此次活动的具体操作注意事项。45.D细节理解题。根据文中所提到的时间02/04/201231/05/201201/09/201231/10/201201/06/201231/08/2012可知,四到十月活动券有效。故答案为D。46.B细节理解题。根据文中£20perroom,valid(有效的)duringstayperiodof02/04/201231/05/2012andthenagain01/09/201231/10/2012可知,在十月住两天晚上需£40。47.B细节理解题。根据最后一条规定TheBBsreservetherighttorefusevoucherholdersbookingsforpeopleundertheageof18可知答案为B。48.A细节理解题。根据第三条规定Theofferisvalidforabasictwinordoubleroomonly可知答案为A。4.【2012重庆卷】BToplistsarelecturingpeopleoneverythingfrom100bookstoread.ArentyoujusttiredofbeingtoldwhattodowithyourtimeNowyouhavealisttoendalllistsTakealookatthefollowingtwoexamplesfromthelistof101thingsnottodoSwimwithDolphins(海豚)Swimmingwithdolphinsisoneoftheworldsmostprofitabletouristactivities.However,everydolphinwillwelcomehavingtheirbusy,tiringdayinterruptedbytouristsscreamingpushingaroundtheminthewater.Worseyet,whendolphinsgettooneartotheboatsloadedtourists,theycouldgetcaughtupinropesandkilledbypropellers螺旋桨.Heresalittlesecret.Dolphinslooklikesmilingatyou,butactuallytheyrejustopeningmouths.GotoSeetheMonaLisaTheremustbesomethingaboutthemysterious神秘的smile.The6millionpeoplewhotheladyintheLouvreeveryyearcantallbewrongafterall.Buttheycanbequiteannostandinginfrontofyou,holdinguptheircamerastopreventyoufromseeinganything.Infacthardforyoutoseethepaintingclearlybecauseyouhavetostayawayfromitforsecurityread.Afterqueuingforhours,manytouristscanremaininfrontofthepaintingonlyfor15secondsmost.Ifthemysteriousladyinthepictureknewherfate,shewouldntjustbesmiling,shelaughing.So,stilllongtoseetheMonaLisaIfyouwanttofindoutmoreaboutthelist,read101TingsNOTtoDoBeforeYouDie.Visitwww.not2dobeforeidie.co.ukandbuythebookata20%discount.【考点】说明文广告【文章大意】短文为一则广告,向读者推荐一本书。60.Accordingtothepassage,swimmingwithdolphins________.A.istheworldsmostpopulartouristactivityB.givesfuntobothtouristsanddolphinsC.willmaketouristsbusyandtiredD.cancausedangertodolphins60.【答案】D【试题解析】短文提到Worseyet,whendolphinsgettooneartotheboatsloadedtourists,theycouldgetcaughtupinropesandkilledbypropellers螺旋桨。由此可知与海豚共泳可能会给海豚带来危险。因此,正确答案为D选项。【难度】容易61.whatdoestheauthorthinkaboutgoingtoseetheMonaLisaA.Itiswrongtogoandseethemysterioussmile.B.Itisnotassatisfyingasexpected.C.Fifteensecondsinfrontofthepaintingisenough.D.Queuingforhoursisworthwhile.61.【答案】B【试题解析】短文提到holdinguptheircamerastopreventyoufromseeinganything.Infacthardforyoutoseethepaintingclearlybecauseyouhavetostayawayfromitforsecurityread.Afterqueuingforhours,manytouristscanremaininfrontofthepaintingonlyfor15secondsmost.。由此可知,看蒙娜丽莎并没有预期的那样令人满意。B选项内容与此相符合。因此,正确答案为B选项。【难度】一般62.Thelistof101thingsnottodoismademostprobablybecauseitsauthor_______.A.thinksitboringtodothethingssuggestedbyotherlistsB.believesotherlistsarenothumorousenoughC.intendstopersuadepeopletoreadmorelistsD.wantstoprovidealistdifferentfromotherlists62.【答案】D【试题解析】根据短文,作者推出了101thingsnottodo,是想提出有以往不同的内容,D选项与此相符。因此,正确答案为D选项。【难度】容易63.WhatisthemainpurposeofthepassageA.ToadvertiseabookB.TointroduceawebsiteC.TocommentonpopularlistsD.Torecommendtouristactivities.63.【答案】A【试题解析】短文最后一段提到Ifyouwanttofindoutmoreaboutthelist,read101TingsNOTtoDoBeforeYouDie.Visitwww.not2dobeforeidie.co.ukandbuythebookata20%discount.。由此可知,作者是在推销一本书,也就是短文的目的是为一本书做广告。因此,正确答案为A选项。【难度】一般5.【2012辽宁卷】AMiniBookExcerpts(节选)BiographyWhenSalingerlearnedthatacarparkwastobebuiltontheland,themiddleagedwriterwasshockedandquicklyboughtthenetghboringareatoprotectitThetownspeopleneverforgottherescueandcametohelptheirmostfamousneighbor.J.D.SulingerALifebyKennethSlawenski(RandomHouse,27)Mystery(疑案小说)Youreasmartboy.Bennysdeathwasnoaccident,andyouretheonlywhosawithappen.DoyouthinkthemurderershouldgetawaywithitTheboywasstartingstubbornlyathislapagain.AthoughtsuddenlyoccerredtoAnnika,DidyouYourecognizedthemaninthecar,didntyouTheboyhesitated,twistinghisfingers,Maybe,hesaidquitely.RedWolfbyLizaMarklund(AtriaBooks,25.99)ShortStoriesShewantstosaytohimwhatshehaslearmed,noneofitinclass.Somewomenarebormstupid,andsomewomenaretoosmartfortheirowngood.Somewomenareborntogive,andsomewomenonlyknowhowtotake.Somewomenlearnwhotheywanttobefromtheirmothers,somewhotheydontwanttobe.Somemotherssuffersotheirdaughterswont.Somemotherslovesotheirdaughterswont.YouAreFreebyDanzySenna(RiverheadBooks,15)HumorDoyourkidsliketohavefunCometoFunTimesDoyouliketowatchyourkidshavingfunBringthemtoFunTimesFunTimessamusementcyclingisthemostfunyoucanhave,legally,intheUnitedStatesrightnow.WhyspendthousandsofdollarsflyingtoDisneyWorldwhenyoucanspenglessthanhalftothatwithinadaysdrivelfmostcitiesHappyAndOtherBadThoughtsbyLarryDoyle(Ecco,14.99)56.IfthereaderswanttoknowabouttheliteofSalinger,theyshouldbuythebookpublishedby.A.EccoB.AtriaBooksC.RiverheadBooksD.RandomHouse57.ThebookHbppyAndOtherBadThoughtsisintendedfor.A.youngchildrenB.DisneyWorldworkersC.middleschoolteachersD.parentswithyoungchildren58.WhichbookdescribeswomenwithcharactersoftheirownA.HappyAndOtherBadThoughtsB.J.D.SalingerALifeC.YouAreFreeD.RedWolf59.AfterfinishingthebookRedWolf,thereaderswouldlearnthat.A.theboyhelpedarrestthemurdererB.BennydiedofanaccidentC.themurderergotawaywiththecrimeD.Ammikacarriedoutthecrime【考点】日常生活类图书介绍【文章大意】本文向读都推荐了几种不同类型的书,并分别作了简介。56.【答案】D【试题解析】细节理解题。根据第一段可知,第一本书是介绍Salinger生平的书,这本书是由RandomHouse出版的,所以选D57.【答案】D【试题解析】细节理解题。根据第四段可知,这本书是关于父母如何让孩子玩得高兴的书,所以这本书的读者应该是有小孩的父母。【难度】一般58.【答案】C【试题解析】细节理解题。根据第三段Somewomenarebornstupid,anddomewomenaretoosmartfortheirowngood.Somewomenareborntogive,andsomewomenonlyknowhowtotake.Somewomenlearnwhotheywanttobefromtheirmothers,somewhotheydontwanttobe.可知,这是一本用妇女自己的性格来描述她们的书。【难度】一般59.【答案】A【试题解析】RedWolf是一本悬疑小说,由Theboyhesitated,twistinghisfingers可知,小男孩犹豫了,那接下来应该就是帮助警察破案并逮捕凶手了。【难度】中等【长难句解析】6.【2012浙江卷】BBelowisaselectionaboutGuinness(吉尼斯)WorldRecords.Top6UnusualGuinnessWorldRecords♦Fastest100mrunningonallfoursThe2008GuinnessWorldRecordsDaywas,accordingtoCWR,theirbiggestdayofrecordbreakingever,Ihmorethan290.000peopletakingputinrecordattemptsin15differentcountries.KenichiItosrecordattemptwasportofthisspecialday.HeisjustanotherexampleofJapanesewithsuperpowers.Hissuperpoweristorunwithgreatspeedonallfours.KenichiItoran100monallfoursin18.58seconds.TheJapanesesetthisrecordatSetagayaKuritsuSogoUndojyo,Tokyo,in2008.♦MostpeopleinsideasoapbubbleTheDiscoveryScienceCenterinSantaAna,Califomiacelebratedthisyearthe15th
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