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第1页共18页UNIT1TEXTAWHATISADECISIONEXERCISESFORTHETEXT1DECISIONMAKERSSHOULDBEABLETOMAKETHEBESTGUESSATWHATTHEFUTUREWILLBE2SOMEPEOPLETHINKTHATEVERYTHINGMANAGERSDOINVOLVESDECISIONMAKING3IFTHEREARENOCORRECTALTERNATIVES,THEREARENOCORRECTDECISIONSTOBEMADE4SINCEDIFFERENTPEOPLEHAVEDIFFERENTIDEASABOUTTHESAMEPROBLEM,THESOLUTIONSAREDIFFERENTEITHER5DECISIONMAKERSUSUALLYHOLDTHEKEYTOTHEBUSINESSDEVELOPMENTOFTHECOMPANYDECISIONMAKERSAREOFTENTHEKEYOFTHECOMPANY’SDEVELOPMENTDECISIONMAKERSTENDTOBETHEKEYTOTHEDEVELOPMENTOFCOMPANY’SBUSINESSVOCABULARYEXERCISES1HISFRIENDACCOMPANIEDHIMTOACONCERT2HEHASARGUEDHEROUTOFHERDECISION3HISSUCCESSWASDUEINPARTTOLUCK4ACCORDINGTOHISSUGGESTION,THEFORMALITIESHAVEBEENMUCHSIMPLIFIED5THEBROADCASTINGSTATIONPREDICTSTHATITWILLTURNCOLDTOMORROWTEXTBSECRETSOFSUCCESSATANINTERVIEWGRAMMAREXERCISESTRANSLATETHEFOLLOWINGSENTENCESINTOENGLISH,USINGAN“AS”INEACHSENTENCE1IHAVETHESAMEOPINIONASHEDOES2ASWERETHEOTHERPASSENGERS,HEWASILL3ASREPORTED,THEMANWASKNOCKEDDOWNBYACAR4HEWASNOTSUCHAFOOLASTOFAILTOSEETHATPOINT5HEISNOTASHEALTHYASJOHN6SPELLTHEWORDASITISSPELLEDINAMERICANENGLISH7ASIWASSPEAKING,ISAWADOGLYINGONTHEGRASS8HARDASHEWORKED,HECOULDNOTLEARNMATHWELL9ASISTHEFATHER,ASISTHESONUNIT1TEXTAWHATISADECISIONEXERCISESFORTHETEXT1决策者应该能够对未来作出最好的推测。2有人认为经理们所做的一切均与决策有关。3没有正确的选择就没有正确的决策。4不同的人对同样的问题有不同的看法,所以解决的办法也不同。5决策者往往是公司发展的关键。1他由朋友陪同去听音乐会。ACCOMPANY2他已说服她改变决定。ARGUEOUTOF3在某种程度上,他的成功是由于幸运。4按照他的建议,手续已经大大简化。5电台预告明天天气会变冷。TEXTBSECRETSOFSUCCESSATANINTERVIEWGRAMMAREXERCISESTRANSLATETHEFOLLOWINGSENTENCESINTOENGLISH,USINGAN“AS”INEACHSENTENCE1我和他的观点一样。2和其他乘客一样,他也病了。3据报道,那个人被一辆汽车撞倒。4他并不是连那一点都看不出来的傻瓜。5他不如约翰身体好。6按美国英语的拼法来拼写这个单词。7我讲话时看到一条狗躺在草地上。8尽管很努力,他还是没有把数学学好。9有什么样的父亲,就有什么样的儿子。第2页共18页10HEWORKSASANENGLISHTEACHERINAHIGHSCHOOL单元同步练习1EMPLOYERSEXPECTTHEJOBAPPLICANTSTOBEPLEASANTINPERSONALITYANDHARDWORDING2IFYOUHADTOLDMEINADVANCE,IWOULDHAVEMETYOUATTHEAIRPORTYESTERDAY3ASIWASSAYING/ASISAIDJUSTNOW,THEHOSTESSWASFRIENDLYTOUS4BUTTHETENDENCYTOSIMPLIFYBLINDSTHEMTOOTHERALTERNATIVES5ALTHOUGHMANAGERSCANNOTPREDICTTHEFUTURE,MANYOFTHEIRDECISIONSREQUIRETHATTHEYCONSIDERTAKEINTOACCOUNTPOSSIBLEFUTUREEVENTS6PEOPLEHOLDDIFFERENTOPINIONSONHOWTOACHIEVETHISGOAL7THELIBRARIANASKEDTHESTUDENTSTOREPLACETHEMAGAZINESAFTERREADINGTHEMUNIT2TEXTABLACKHOLESEXERCISESFORTHETEXT1ASTRONOMERSHAVENOTYETANSWEREDTHEQUESTIONOFWHATBLACKHOLESARE2ITISSAIDTHATABLACKHOLECANSWALLOWUPEVERYTHINGAROUNDITSUCHASSTARS3THESTUDYOFTHEBLACKHOLEISJUSTBEGINNING,SPECULATIONSABOUTTHEMMAYBEENDLESS4SCIENTISTSCANNOTTELLWHATHAPPENSINSIDEABLACKHOLE5BLACKHOLESAREWOULDN’TSOINTIMIDATINGIFWEUNDERSTANDTHEMVOCABULARYEXERCISES1ABLACKHOLEEXERTSASTRONGGRAVITATIONALPULL2HISCOMPANYCOLLAPSEDOWINGTOPOORMANAGEMENT3QUITEAFEWSATELLITESWERELAUNCHEDINTHE1980SINOURCOUNTRY10他在一所中学当英语老师。单元同步练习1雇主希望求职者个性随和,工作努力。2如果你事先通知我,我昨天就会到机场接你了。3正如我刚才所说的那样,女主人对我们是友好的。4但是这种简化倾向会使他们对其他的可供选项视而不见。5虽然管理者不能预测未来,但是他们的许多决策还是要求他们考虑到未来可能发生的事情。6人们对于如何达到这个目标有不同的看法。7图书管理员要求学生在读完杂志后放回原处。UNIT2TEXTABLACKHOLESEXERCISESFORTHETEXT1黑洞是什么,天文学家还没有完全解决这个问题。2据说黑洞可以将其周围的一切物体经,如星星吞食掉。3对黑洞的研究刚刚开始,各种各样的假说会层出不穷。4科学家们仍不能说出黑洞内发生了什么。5如果我们认识了黑洞,黑洞就不那么可怕了。VOCABULARYEXERCISES1黑洞产生很强的引力。EXERT2由于管理不善,他的公司垮台了。COLLAPSE380年代我国发射了多颗人造卫星。(LAUNCH)第3页共18页4HASTHEMEDICINEBEGUNTOOPERATE5HISFIGUREWASSWALLOWEDUPINTHEDARKORDARKNESSSWALLOWEDHIMUPTEXTBWORLDSWITHINWORLDS单元同步练习1WEKNOWNOTHINGABOUTEVENTSWITCHHAPPENONCEOBJECTSPASSTHISBOUNDARY2EINSTEIN’STHEORYOFRELATIVITYISTHEONLYTHEORYWITCHCANEXPLAINTHISPHENOMENON3THISPROCESSOFSHRINKINGISSOINTENSETHATABLACKHOLERESULTS4BUTINTHEORY,MATTERMUSTBEHAVEVERYDIFFERENTLY/INVERYDIFFERENTMANNERINSIDETHEBLACKHOLE5MANKINDMAYONEDAYMEETTHISFATEUNIT3TEXTAEUTHANASIAFORANDAGAINSTEXERCISESFORTHETEXT1EUTHANASIACANREALLYALLEVIATETHESUFFERINGOFTHEPATIENTWHOISDYING2DOYOUKNOWTHATTHENETHERLANDSISTHEONLYCOUNTRYINEUROPEWITCHPERMITSEUTHANASIA3DOCTORSWHOSUPPORTTHEIDEANEVERMEANTHATTHEYDON’TCAREFORTHEPATIENTS4AFTERAFIRSTDOCTORDIAGNOSIS,ASECONDDOCTORMUSTCONFIRMIT5THOSEWHOAREAGAINSTITBELIEVETHATPATIENTSDONOTREALLYWANTTOENDTHEIRLIVES,BUTTHEREMAYBESOMETHINGELSEBEHINDTHEREQUESTVOCABULARYEXERCISES1THEYREQUESTEDTHATPRISONERSSHOULDBESETFREE2HISTALENTWILLENSUREHIMSUCCESS3THEYAREPREPARINGTOOPENUPANATIONWIDEDEBATE4HEISVERYSENSITIVETOCHANGESOFWEATHER5INRECENTYEARSTHEQUALITYOFHISWORKISDETERIORATINGGRADUALLY6THEPOLLUTEDWATERMAKESTHERESIDENTSVULNERABLETODISEASES4药物开始见效了吗5他的身影消失在黑暗中。(SWALLOWUP)TEXTBWORLDSWITHINWORLDS单元同步练习1一旦物体穿过边界会发生什么样的事情,我们对此仍一无所知。2爱因斯坦的相对论是唯一可以解释这种现象的理论。3这个收缩的过程如此强烈,以至于黑洞产生了。4但是从理论上说,物质在黑洞里的行为一定非常不同。5有一天也许人类会遭此命运。UNIT3TEXTAEUTHANASIAFORANDAGAINSTEXERCISESFORTHETEXT1安乐死的确能解除临终病人的痛苦。2你知不知道荷兰是欧洲唯一允许施行安乐死的国家。3支持这一观点的医生并不意味着他们不关心病人。4在第一个医生诊断疾病之后,必须由另外一名医生确认病情。5反对认为病人并一定真正希望结束生命,可能请求之后另有所求。VOCABULARYEXERCISES1他们要求释放犯人。(REQUEST)2他的才能将保证他得到成功。ENSURE3他们正准备展开一场全国性的争论。OPENUP4他对天气变化很敏感。SENSITIVETO5近年来他的工作质量逐渐下降。DETETIORATE6水的污染使居民们容易得病。VULNERABLETO第4页共18页WATERPOLLUTIONCAUSESTHERESIDENTSVULNERABLETODISEASESTEXTBADVANTAGEUNFAIR单元同步练习1INTHEVASTMAJORITYOFEUTHANASIACASES,THEPATIENTDOESN’TREALLYWANTTODIE2AFFECTEDWITHASERIOUSDISEASE,HEKNEWTHEREWASNOHOPEOFRECOVERY3NOTALLPATIENTSWOULDRECEIVESUCHLEVELOFINDIVIDUALCARE4BECAUSEOFFIERCECOMPETITION,MANYUNIVERSITYSTARTEDTOADVERTISEFORNEWAPPLICANTSEARLYTHISYEAR5ITISNECESSARYTHATTHEBATTERIESBEKEPTINADRYPLACE6ENTERPRISESMUSTBESENSITIVETODEMANDOFTHEMARKET7ITISSTILLUNKNOWNNOWWHETHERHEWILLARRIVEONTIMEUNIT4TEXTASLAVERYONOURDOORSTEPEXERCISESFORTHETEXT1THEGOVERNMENTDEPARTMENTDEALINGTHEMATTERCONCERNEDDIDNOTKEEPSTATISTICS2SHEACCEPTEDAJOBWORKINGASADOMESTICJUSTBECAUSESHEFOUNDITDIFFICULTTOPROVIDEFORHERFAMILY3SHEWASHIREDBYASAUDIDIPLOMATDIRECTLYFROMTHEPHILIPPINESTOWORKINLONDON4THEWORKINGCONDITIONSOFTHEDOMESTICSRECEIVEDMEDIAATTENTION5THEEMPLOYERSALWAYSTHREATENEDTOSENDUSBACKTOOURCOUNTYVOCABULARYEXERCISES1RESOURCESSHOULDBEEXPLOITEDPROPERLY2THEORDERWASWELLEXECUTED3THISPROJECTDESERVESFURTHERINVESTIGATIONORTHISPROJECTISDESERVINGOFFURTHERINVESTIGATION4WE’VEALREADYREDUCEDTHEEXPENSESTOTHEMINIMUM5IWOULDN’TBELIEVETHENEWSDESPITEWHATTEXTBADVANTAGEUNFAIR单元同步练习1在绝大多数安乐死病例中,病人并不是真的想死。2重病在身,他知道他没有康复的希望。3并不是所有的病人都能得到如此高水平的个别护理。4由于竞争激烈,许多大学在今年年初就开始进行招生宣传。5有必要把电池放在干燥处。6企业必须对市场需求敏感。7他能否按时到达,现在还不知道。UNIT4TEXTASLAVERYONOURDOORSTEPEXERCISESFORTHETEXT1处理有关事务的政府部门没有做统计。2正因为她无法养家才同意做家仆。3她是一名沙特外交官直接从菲律宾雇到伦敦来工作的。4家仆的生活状况得到了新闻媒体的关注。5雇主们总是威胁要把我们遣送回国。VOCABULARYEXERCISES1开发资源要适度。EXPLOIT2这项命令执行得很好。EXECUTE3这个项目值得进一步调查。DESERVE或DESERVINGOF4我们已将费用减至最低额。MINIMUM5不论她如何说,我也不相信这个消息。第5页共18页SHESAID6CANTHISSMALLBOATBRINGUSOVERTOTHEOTHERSIDEOFTHERIVER单元同步练习1ATTHEENDOF1994THEBRITISHGOVERNMENTINTRODUCEDNEWMEASURESTOHELPPROTECTDOMESTICWORKERSFORMABUSEBYTHEIREMPLOYERS2THEHUMANRIGHTSORGANIZATIONSSAYTHATPUTTINGPRISONERSINCHAINSISNOTONLYINHUMANEBUTALSOINEFFECTIVE3OTHER,LESSDRAMATIC,CASESAREEQUALLYDESERVINGOFATTENTION4ITISTHERIGHTTOCHANGEEMPLOYERSWITCHDISTINGUISHESEMPLOYMENTFROMSLAVERY5MANYPEOPLEDOUBTWHETHERTHISWILLSUCCESSFULLYREDUCETHEINCIDENCEOFABUSEUNIT5TEXTATHENEWMUSICEXERCISESFORTEXT1THENEWMUSICWASBUILTOUTOFTHETHREEFORMSOFMUSICALREADYINEXISTENCE2ROCK’NROLLISVERYRHYTHMIC,SOITISPOPULARAMONGYOUNGPEOPLE3THEBEATLESWASAFAMOUSROCKGROUPINENGLAND4THEMODERNMUSICPAYSATTENTIONTOTHEPARTICIPATIONOFITSAUDIENCES5ELECTRONICAMPLIFIERSHAVEMADEMUSICPENETRATINGVOCABULARYEXERCISES1THISCHAPTERISONTHETRANSFORMATIONOFHEATENERGYINTODYNAMICENERGY2AGROUPOFPEOPLEGATHEREDSPONTANEOUSLYONTHESPOTOFTHEACCIDENT3THEQUARRELORIGINATEDFROMAMISUNDERSTANDING4THEARMYTOOKOVERTHECITYIN19495YOUSHOULDNOTTAKEONTOOMUCHWORKFORTHESAKEOFYOURHEALTHTEXTBDIFFERENTTYPESOFCOMPOSERSDESPITE6这条小船能把我们运到河的那边吗BRINGOVER单元同步练习11994年底,英国政府采取了一些新措施,保护佣人不受他们雇主的虐待。2人权组织声称,把犯人们用铁链子锁在一起不仅不人道,而且效果也差。3其他一些不那么引人注目的案例同样关注。4正是更换雇主的权利把雇佣和奴役区分开来。5很多人怀疑这是否能成功地减少虐待事件的发生。UINT5TEXTATHENEWMUSICEXERCISESFORTHETEXT1新音乐是基于已有的三种音乐发展起来的。2摇滚乐的节奏感很强,青年人喜欢听。3甲壳虫乐队是英国有名的摇滚乐队。4现代音乐很注意观众和听众的参与。5电子扩音器使音乐变得有穿透力。VOCABULARYEXERCISES1这一章是关于热能转化成动力的。TRANSFORMATION2一群人自发地聚集在事故现场。SPONTANEOUSLY3这次争吵是由误会引起的。ORIGINATE41949年后,军队接管了这个城市。TAKEOVER5为了你的健康,你不该承担太繁重的工作。TAKEONTEXTBDIFFERENTTYPESOFCOMPOSERS第6页共18页GRAMMAREXERCISES1HELIKESSPORTSVERYMUCH,SODOESHISCHILD2SHEDOESN’TLIKETHEIDEANORDOESHERHUSBAND3ONLYINTHISWAYCANWEEXPECTTODOOURWORKWELL4NOTUNTIL1990DIDIKNOWTHATHEWASANENGLISHTEACHER5NEVERHASANYCOUNTRYMADESUCHGREATEFFORTSTODEVELOPITSINDUSTRY6NOTFARFORMTHEBRIDGEWASAHIGHBUILDING7NOTONLYDIDTHEYWORKHARD,BUTALSOWORKEDWELL8BEFOREUSWALKEDAGROUPOFYOUNGPIONEERS9HADYOUTOLDMEEARLIER,IMIGHTHAVEBEENABLETOHELP10IWORKEDINASMALLFACTORYINWUXILASTYEAR单元同步练习1INASENSE,HEWASRIGHT,BUTHEDIDKNOWALLTHEFACTS2THETHREEMUSICFORMSAREMUSICALLYANDCULTURALLYDISTINCT3YOUCANALMOSTTELLTHISTYPEOFCOMPOSERBYHISFRUITFULOUTPUT4TURNONTHERADIO,ANDYOUWILLHEARNICEFOLKMUSIC5IFTHEYHADSIGNEDTHECONTRACTONTIME,THEYWOULDNOTHAVESUFFEREDSUCHALOSS6INTHE1960SAMERICANFOLKMUSICEXPRESSEDANTIWARSENTIMENTSASWELLASLOVEANDHOPE7HEHASAGIFTFORMUSIC,BUTWHENITCOMESTODRAWING,HEKNOWSNOTHINGUNIT6TEXTAIMPROVINGINDUSTRIALEFFICIENCYTHROUGHROBOTICSEXERCISESFORTHETEXT1THEAPPLICATIONOFROBOTSHASINCREASINGLYBECOMEPREVALENTANDFARREACHINGTHESEYEAR2THENEWLYDEVELOPEDROBOTSHAVEASENSEGRAMMAREXERCISES1他很喜欢运动,他的孩子也喜欢。2她不喜欢这个主题,她的丈夫也不喜欢。3只有这样我们才能指望把工作做好。4直到1990年我才知道他是位英语教师。5从没有哪个国家做出这样大的努力来发展工业。6离桥不远的地方是一座高楼。7他们不仅工作努力,而且工作得很好。8在我们前面走着一群少先队员。9如果早点告诉我,我也许能帮帮忙。10我去年在无锡的一家小工厂工作。单元同步练习1在某种意义上他是对的,但他不了解全部事实。2这三种音乐形式在音乐和文化上都彼此不同。3你几乎可以根据他富有成果的创作分辨出这一类作曲家。4打开收音机,你就会听到美妙的民乐。5如果他们按时签了合同,就不会遭受这样的损失了。6二十世纪六十年代美国民间音乐除表现爱情与希望外,还表现反战情绪。7他很有音乐天赋,但是谈到绘画,他就一窍不通了。UNIT6TEXTAIMPROVINGINDUSTRIALEFFICIENCYTHROUGHROBOTICSEXERCISESFORTHETEXT1近几年,机器人的应用越来越广泛和深入。2新开发的机器人有触觉,可以看见物体,第7页共18页OFTOUCHANDTHEABILITYTOSEEOBJECTSANDMAKEDECISIONS3ROBOTSAREWIDELYEMPLOYEDINTHEAUTOMOTIVEINDUSTRY4BOTHLIGHTSENSITIVEMATERIALSANDDIGITALCAMERASAREPHOTOGRAPHICEQUIPMENT5ROBOTSDIFFERGREATLYFROMAUTOMATICMACHINESVOCABULARYEXERCISES1ATCRITICALMOMENTWESHOULDBECAPABLEOFFACINGANYDIFFICULTIES2AFTERCONSIDERINGTHATPROBLEM,THEYSWITCHTHEIRATTENTIONTOSOMETHINGELSE3SPAYTHEPAINTONTHETABLE,PLEASE4WESHOULDEXPOSECHILDRENTONEWIDEAS5WEHAVEPLENTYOFNATURALRESOURSES6HEISCRITICALOFHERIGNORANCEOFTHELAW7HEHASSWITCHEDFORMONEOCCUPATIONTOANOTHERINTHEPASTTHREEYEARSTEXTBPREDICTINGEARTHQUAKES单元同步练习1WEHAVECOMETOREALIZEHOWIMPORTANTAGREENENVIRONMENTIS2THEWARNINGSIGNSSHOWTHEWEAKNESSOFROCKLAYERSTHATCANPRECE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