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英语国家概况THEUNITEDKINGDOMOFGREATBRITAINANDNORTHERNIRELAND英国的历史分四部分1THEORIGINSOFANATION2THESHAPINGOFTHENATION3TRANSITIONTOTHEMORDERNAGE4THERISEANDFALLOFTHEBRITISHEMPIRE1取关键词ORIGINS的字头O2取关键词SHAPING的字头S3取关键词MORDERN的字头M4取关键词EMPIRE的字头E连起来就是OSMEOSMEO哦,S是ME我接着每个部分的标题串在一起,用一句话来记忆要好好记住每句话里所包括的每个字母代表的是什么标题可以看几遍这个情景对话,熟悉了之后可以不费吹灰之力就能记住整个英国历史的线索有了这条线,你再把主要的记忆点,象珠子一样地穿起来,这样回忆就非常容易了可谓既见树木,又见森林一切尽在掌握HISTORYOFUKOSME哦(O),是(S)我(ME)OEARLYSETTLERSROMANBRITAINANGLOSAXONSTHEVIKINGANDDANISHINVATIONSTHENORMANCONQUESTO(哦)ERAVIDANERA时代VIDA维达,女名N诺曼征服句子(老公看着一本英语国家概况在那里自言自语)哦,原来英国的新时代是伟大的维达小姐实现诺曼征服之后开始的。SNORMANRULETHEGREATCHARTERTHEHUNDREDYEARSWARWITHFRANCETHEBLACKDEATHANDTHEPEASANTUPRISINGS是NG(拼音NG嗯)HBHUBBY丈夫,的缩写NGHB句子(老婆在看电视,漫不经心地说)是的,嗯,老公。MTHEENGLISHREFORMATIONELIZABETHITHEENGLISHRENAISSANCEJAMESICHARLESITHECIVILWARTHECOMMONWEALTHTHEGLORIUSREVOLUTIONM我REELREJAMCHACWCWREVOLUTIONREELREJAMCHACWCWREVOLUTIONREEL(卷轴)RE(又)JAM果酱CHA茶CWCW与WC厕所相反REVOLUTION革命,旋转句子(老公一边看书一边倒着果酱,突然果酱洒了)不好了,我(ME的第一个字母M)的卷轴又洒满果酱了,赶快拿点茶去WC洗洗,啊怎么两个WC都写反了CWCW,快旋转回来E我TWOPARTIESWHIGSANDTORIESAGRICULTURALCHANGESTHEINDUSTRIALREVOLUTIONTHECHARTISTMOVEMENTTRADEUNIONSANDTHELABOURPARTYCOLONIALEXPANSIONINTHETWOWORLDWARSETAICHATCWTAICHATCW句子(老婆赶紧跑过来说)我(ME的第二个字母E)的天啊,这什么厕所呀,简直太(TAI)差(CHA)了嘛,我踢(T)这个该死的CWCHAPTER1LANDANDPEOPLE第一部分DIFFERENTNAMESFORBRITAINANDITSPARTS1选择题/简答题THEOFFICIALNAMEOFTHEUNITEDKINGDOMISTHEUNITEDKINGDOMOFGREATBRITAINANDNORTHERNIRELAND2选择题/简答题THEBRITISHISLESAREMADEUPOFTWOLARGEISLANDSGREATBRITAINTHELARGERONEANDIRELAND,ANDHUNDREDSOFSMALLONES不列颠群岛由两个大岛大不列颠岛(较大的一个)和爱尔兰岛,及成千上万个小岛组成。THEREARETHREEPOLITICALDIVISIONSONTHEISLANDOFGREATBRITAINENGLAND,SCOTLANDANDWALES3简答题WHYDOPEOPLETENDTOUSEENGLANDANDENGLISHWHENTHEYMEANBRITAINANDBRITISHENGLANDISTHELARGEST,MOSTPOPULOUSANDGENERALLYSPEAKINGTHERICHESTSECTIONSOPEOPLETENDTOUSE“ENGLAND”AND“ENGLISH”WHENTHEYMEAN“BRITAIN”AND“BRITISH”4名词解释THECOMMONWEALTHOFNATIONS或THEBRITISHCOMMONWEALTHTHECOMMONWEALTHISAFREEASSOCIATIONOFINDEPENDENTCOUNTRIESTHATWEREONCECOLONIESOFBRITAINMEMBERNATIONSAREJOINEDTOGETHERECONOMICALLYANDHAVECERTAINTRADINGARRANGEMENTSTHECOMMONWEALTHHASNOSPECIALPOWERS英联邦是一个由许多独立国家组成的自由组织,这些国家都是大不列颠国以前的殖民地,成员国都是出于经济原因结合在一起的并有固定的贸易往来。英联邦没有什么特权。1931BRITISHEMPIREWASREPLACEDBYTHEBRITISHCOMMONWEALTHORTHECOMMONWEALTHOFNATIONS1931二次世界大战削弱了英国,帝国虽大,依旧散矣。。1931第二部分GEOGRAPHICALFEATURES1选择题/简答题BRITAINISANISLANDCOUNTRYITISSURROUNDEDBYTHESEAITLIESINTHENORTHATLANTICOCEANOFFTHENORTHCOASTOFEUROPE2选择题/简答题BRITAINISSEPARATEDFROMTHERESTOFEUROPEBYTHEENGLISHCHANNELINTHESOUTHANDNORTHSEAINTHEEAST3名词解释/简答题THEENGLISHCHANNELBETWEENENGLANDANDFRANCEISQUITENARROWANDTHENARROWESTPARTISCALLEDTHESTRAITSOFDOVER,WHICHISONLY33KMACROSS非常狭窄的英吉利海峡位于英国和法国之间,最窄的部分只有33公里,叫做多佛海峡。这么狭窄的海峡,鸽子DOVE扇扇33KM翅膀就飞过去了。4名词解释CHUNNELCHUNNELSTANDSFORCHANNELANDTUNNELWHICHWASCUTUNDERTHESTRAITSOFDOVERWITHITENGLANDANDFRANCEJOINTOGETHERBYROADTHE“CHUNNEL”WASOPENTOTRAFFICINMAY1994CHUNNEL英吉利海峡隧道铁路MAY1994通车。(英吉利海峡隧道通车的时候车上载了无数的五月MAY花,一1路瓢香,久久99不能消逝4。)5选择题/简答题THENORTHANDWESTOFBRITAINAREMAINLYHIGHLANDSTHEEASTANDSOUTHEASTAREMOSTLYLOWLANDS这种地理特点和我国基本一样,好记吧。西部北部高,东部东南低。6选择题/简答题ENGLAND130,000平方公里(英格兰经常下雨,所以英格兰人经常站在雨伞13下东张西望万,哈哈。这样就记住了英格兰的面积了。)THEPENNINESARETHEPRINCIPALMOUNTAINCHAIN奔宁山脉是主要的山系THEHIGHESTPEAKOFENGLANDISSCAFELL,INTHELAKEDISTRICTINNORTHWESTENGLAND英格兰的最高峰是SCAFELL,位于英格兰西北部的大湖区。PENNINES奔宁山脉是主要的山脉,英格兰最高峰SCAFELL978M在LAKEDISTRICT笨奔宁啊,爬那么高,不怕SCARE掉FELL进湖LAKEDISTRICT里去啊,喝酒9压惊,心里还是七上八下78。7识记要点BENNEVIS1343M,THEHIGHESTMOUNTAININBRITAINISLOCATEDINSCOTLAND位于苏格兰的本尼威斯山是大不列颠的最高山。书苏格兰本BEN好高好大,像座山,拿NE在手里很费事VIS,读的时候要一想13再想,使4劲想38选择题/简答题THEREARETHREENATURALZONESTHEHIGHLANDSINTHENORTH,THECENTRALLOWLANDS,ANDTHESOUTHERNUPLANDS苏格兰从地理上被分为三部分北部的高地,中部低地和南部高原。9选择题SNOWDONIAINTHENORTHWESTISTHEHIGHESTMOUNTAININWALESTHECAPITALOFWALESISCARDIFF威尔士的最高的山是位于西北部的SNOWDONIA山脉,威尔士的首府是卡迪夫。WALES以PASTURE牧场为主,所以叫WALES,喂二食,就是喂草给两种动物吃,牛和羊。哈哈。最高峰是SNOWDONIA1085M首府是CARDIFF威尔士遍地牛羊,牧羊的时候是开着车CAR满地DI乎乎FF乱跑,远处白茫茫的羊群,乍一看还以为下雪SNOW了,其实是逗你DONIA玩儿呢。看这么多的羊群,要有十10八8般武5艺才行啊。10NORTHERNIRELANDBELFASTISTHECAPITALOFNORTHERNIRELAND第三部分RIVERSANDLAKES1RIVERSINBRITAINDONOTFREEZEINWINTEREASTCOASTRIVERSTWEED/TYNE/TEE/THAMES4T谐音退堂提堂WESTCOASTRIVERSCLYDE/MERSEY/SEVERN顺着西岸的河流直下,7SEVERN个客人来到CLYDE沙漠西部MERSEY2THELONGESTRIVERISTHESEVERNRIVERWHICHISONLY338KMLONG不列颠最长的河流是塞汾河,长338千米。7SEVERN条河流里面最长的一条。河面上飘着两把雨伞,33一只叭8儿狗拼命游在雨伞的后面。3THESECONDLARGESTANDMOSTIMPORTANTRIVERINBRITAINISTHETHAMESRIVER336KM大不列颠的第二大长河是泰吾士河,长336公里,也是最重要的河就因为比SEVERN少2米,所以排名第二。4识记要点OXFORDISALSOONTHETHAMESRIVERCLYDEISTHEMOSTIMPORTANTRIVERINSCOTLAND5选择题THELARGESTLAKEINBRITAINISTHELOUGHNEAGHINNORTHERNIRELAND英国最大的湖,不过却在北爱尔兰。(LOUGHNEAGH的缩写LN,多像爱尔兰的“LAN”啊)6选择题/简答题THELAKEDISTRICTISONEOFTHEPOPULARTOURISTATTRACTIONSINBRITAINITISWELLKNOWNFORITSWILDANDBEAUTIFULSCENERYAND15LAKESTHELAKEDISTRICTANDTHELAKEPOETS湖区是19世纪三个LAKE诗人的故乡,WILLIAMWORDSWORTH/SAMUELTAYLORCOLERIDGE/ROBERTSOUTHEY想象湖面上芦苇WILLIAM随风摇摆,虾苗SAMUEL们在悠闲地啃着白色的大萝卜ROBER。真是如诗如画啊。第四部分CLIMATE1识记要点THOUGHITSEEMSTHATPEOPLEAREALWAYSCOMPLAININGABOUTTHEWEATHERINBRITAINBECAUSEITISRAINYANDSOCHANGEABLEANDUNPREDICTABLE,THECLIMATEINBRITAINISINFACTAFAVORABLEONE2简答题请简要描述英国的气候状况。ITHASAFAVOURABLEMARITIMECLIMATEWINTERSAREMILD,NOTTOOCOLDANDSUMMERSARECOOL,NOTTOOHOT,ANDITHASASTEADYRELIABLERAINFALLTHROUGHOUTTHEWHOLEYEAR3简答题影响英国气候的三个主要因素风水流(风水轮流转)1THESURROUNDINGWATERS大不列颠岛周围的海域2THEPREVAILINGSOUTHWESTWINDS盛行的西南风3THENORTHATLANTICDRIFT北大西洋暖流4简答题英国气候有那些特点为什么会有这些特点SINCEBRITAIN’SCLIMATEISOFTHEMARITIMETYPE,ITISCHARACTERISEDBYCOOLTEMPERATURES,FREQUENTCLOUDYDAYSANDRAINSTORMS5识记要点BRITAINHASASTEADYRELIABLERAINFALLTHROUGHOUTTHEWHOLEYEAR6识记要点THEAVERAGEANNUALRAINFALLINBRITAINOVER1000MM7识记要点ASARESULTOFTHERAINFALLDISTRIBUTIONINBRITAINTHEREISAWATERSURPLUSINTHENORTHANDWEST,ANDAWATERDEFICITINTHESOUTHANDEAST7识记要点MOSTCITIESINBRITAINHAVEINTRODUCED“CLEANAIRZONES”,WHEREBYFACTORIESANDHOUSEHOLDSAREONLYALLOWEDTOBURNSMOKELESSFUEL英国的很多城市都有“洁净空气区”,在这些地区工厂和家庭只能燃烧无烟燃料。第五部分THEPEOPLE1识记要点90OFTHEPOPULATIONISURBANANDONLY10ISRURAL2识记要点THEREISAGREATCONCENTRATIONOFPOPULATIONINENGLAND3选择题/简答题THEENGLISHAREANGLOSAXONS,BUTTHESCOTS,WELSHANDIRISHARECELTS4选择题THECELTSCAMETOBRITAINAFTER700BCLATERTHEYWERECONQUEREDBYTHEROMANS5选择题/简答题THEGERMANICCONQUERORSGIVEENGLANDIT’SNAME“ANGLE”LAND6选择题/简答题ITWASFROMTHEUNIONOFNORMANCONQUERORSANDTHEDEFEATEDANGLOSAXONSTHATTHEENGLISHPEOPLEANDENGLISHLANGUAGEWEREBORN正是由于诺曼征服者与被击败的盎格鲁撒克逊人的结合,英国人和英语诞生了。7识记要点THEENGLISHHAVEMANYDIFFERENCESINREGIONALSPEECHTHECHIEFDIVISIONISBETWEENSOUTHERNENGLANDANDNORTHERNENGLANDGENERALLYSPEAKINGSOUTHERNERSSPEAKTHETYPEOFENGLISHCLOSERTOBBCENGLISH8名词解释COCKNEY伦敦东区人ACOCKNEYISALONDONERWHOISBORNWITHINTHESOUNDOFBOWBELLSTHEBELLSOFTHECHURCHOFSTMARYLEBOWINEASTLONDON9选择题REGIONALSPEECHISUSUALLYBROADERINNORTHERNENGLANDTHANTHATOFSOUTHERNENGLAND10选择题THEANCESTORSOFTHEWELSHWERETHEANCIENTBRITONSTHEWELSHAREEMOTIONALANDCHEERFULPEOPLETHEYAREMUSICLOVERSANDPROUDOFTHEIRPAST11选择题/简答题WELSHISANANCIENTCELTICLANGUAGEITWASGIVENEQUALITYWITHENGLISHFORALLOFFICIALUSEINWALESIN196512名词解释EISTEDDFODAU或THENATIONALEISTEDDFOD(想象和谐音威尔士人爱吃的食物EISTEDDFOD是诗歌,音乐和唱歌。)THENATIONALEISTEDDFODISTHEGREATEVENTOFTHEYEARINWELSH,ONTHESEOCCASIONSCOMPETITIONSAREHELDINWELSHPOETRY,MUSIC,SINGINGANDINTHISWAYTHEYKEEPTHEWELSHLANGUAGEANDWELSHCULTUREALIVE此节日是威尔士人一年中重大的节日,在这些时候威尔士人会用威尔士语举行诗歌,音乐,唱歌的各种比赛,以这种方式来保留威尔士语和威尔士文化。13选择题SCOTSAREPROUNDTHATTHEENGLISHNEVERCONQUREDTHEM14选择题MANYSCOTTISHNAMESBEGINWITHM’,MCORMAC,WHICHMEANSSONOFINGEALIC,THEOLDCELTICLANGUAGEOFTHESCOTS15识记要点/课后第十题答案HUNDREDSOFYEARSAGOSCOTSANDENGLISHPROTESTANTS新教徒WERESENTTOLIVEINNORTHERNIRELANDSINCETHENTHEREHASBEENBITTERFIGHTINGBETWEENTHEPROTESTANTSWHOARETHEDOMINANTGROUP,ANDTHEROMANCATHOLICS天主教徒,WHOARESEEKINGMORESOCIAL,POLITICALANDECONOMICOPPORTUNITIESTHEBRITISHGOVERNMENTANDGOVERNMENTOFIRELANDARENOWWORKINGTOGETHERTOBRINGPEACETONORTHERNIRELAND本章重点课后题1WHATARETHEDIFFERENCESBETWEENBRITAINANDTHEBRITISHISLES,GREATBRITAIN,ENGLAND,THEUNITEDKINGDOMANDTHEBRITISHCOMMONWEALTHTHEBRITISHISLES,GREATBRITAINANDENGLANDAREGEOGRAPHICALNAMES,NOTTHEOFFICIALNAMESOFTHECOUNTRY,WHILETHEOFFICIALNAMEISTHEUNITEDKINGDOM,BUTTHEFULLNAMEISTHEUNITEDKINGDOMOFGREATBRITAINANDNORTHERNIRELANDTHEBRITISHCOMMONWEALTHISAFREEASSOCIATIONOFINDEPENDENTCOUNTRIESTHATWEREONCECOLONIESOFBRITAIN3WHEREABOUTSINGREATBRITAINAREMOSTLYHIGHLANDANDLOWLANDTHENORTHANDWESTOFBRITAINAREMAINLYHIGHLAND,WHILETHEEASTANDSOUTHEASTAREMOSTLYLOWLANDS4DOSEBRITAINHAVEAFAVOURABLECLIMATEWHYYES,ITHASAFAVOURABLECLIMATEBECAUSEITHASAMARITIMETYPEOFCLIMATEWINTERISMILD,NOTTOOCOLD,ANDSUMMERISCOOL,NOTTOOHOTITHASASTEADYRELIABLERAINFALLTHROUGHOUTTHEWHOLEYEARITHASASMALLRANGEOFTEMPERATURE,TOO7WHATARETHETHREENATURALZONESINSCOTLANDTHETHREENATURALZONESINSCOTLANDARETHEHIGHLANDSINTHENORTH,THECENTRALLOWLANDSANDTHESOUTHERNUPLANDS8WHATISTHEDIFFERENCEBETWEENTHEANCESTORSOFTHEENGLISHANDSCOTS,WELSHANDIRISHTHEANCESTORSOFTHEENGLISHAREANGLOSAXONS,WHILETHESCOTS,WELSHANDIRISHARECELTSCHAPTER2THEORIGINSOFANATION5000BC1066本章概要1最早的不列颠居民5000BC55BC2罗马人的入侵55BC410AD3盎格鲁撒克逊人的入侵4468714丹麦人的入侵51066年的诺曼征服第一部分EARLYSETTLERSFROM5000BC55BC1选择题THEFIRSTKNOWNSETTLERSOFBRITAINWERETHEIBERIANS古代伊比利亚人伊比利亚人是人们所知道的最早的英国的定居者。2识记要点ATABOUT2000BCTHEBEAKERFOLKARRIVEDFROMTHEAREASNOWKNOWNASHOLLANDANDTHERHINELANDTHESEPEOPLETOOKTHEIRNAMEFROMTHEIRDISTINCTIVEBELLSHAPEDDRINKINGVESSELSWITHWHICHTHEYWEREBURIEDINCROUCHINGPOSITIONSININDIVIDUALGRAVESBEAKER大口杯KEYWORDSPOTTERYMAKING/BRONZETOOLS/HILLFORTS/CUSTOMOFINDIVIDUALBURIAL想象2000个人拿着大口杯,大口大口喝酒,喝醉了就冲到山上的堡垒FORT使劲地用青铜砸烂了许多陶器,满山都是哐哐巨响。3简答题THECELTSCAMETOBRITAININTHREEMAINWAVESTHEFIRSTWAVEWERETHEGAELS(盖尔人);THESECONDWAVEWERETHEBRYTHONS(布立吞人);THIRDWAVEWERETHEBELGAE(比利其人),THEMOSTINDUSTRIOUSANDVIGOROUSOFTHECELTICTRIBES想象你打开(凯尔特)啤酒盖(盖尔人),把啤酒泼在一块巨大的布(布立吞人)上,这块布被(BEL)一只鸡GAE从中间飞过去穿了好大一个窟窿。4选择题THECELTS’RELIGIONWASDRUIDISM(其实这个单词的谐音是“注意敌人”,凯尔特人就是注意敌人才取得胜利,凯旋而归。)凯尔特人的宗教为德鲁伊教。第二部分ROMANBRITAIN55BC410AD1选择题/简答题BRITISHRECORDEDHISTORYBEGINSWITHTHEROMANINVASION英国有记录的历史开始于罗马人的入侵。2ATTENTION在记ROMANBRITAIN这部分内容时,可以和诺曼征服NORMANCONQUEST相结合来理解,这两个事件都在英国历史上有划时代的意义,英国有记录的历史开始于罗马人的入侵,而1066年的诺曼征服是英国历史上最有影响的事件THENORMANCONQUESTOF1066ISPERHAPSTHEBESTKNOWNEVENTINENGLISHHISTORY3简答题JULIUSCAESAR,THEGREATROMANGENERAL,INVADEDBRITAINFORTHEFIRSTTIMEIN55BC,PARTLYTOGATHERINFORMATIONABOUTTHEISLANDANDPARTLYTOPUNISHTHEBELGAEWHOHADHELPEDTHEIRFELLO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