外文翻译--数字技术在超声波传感器中的应用.doc外文翻译--数字技术在超声波传感器中的应用.doc

收藏 分享

资源预览需要最新版本的Flash Player支持。
您尚未安装或版本过低,建议您

中英文翻译英语原文APPLICATIONOFDIGITALTECHNIQUESINULTRASONICSENSOR1INTRODUCTIONITISNECESSARYFORANUMBEROFAPPLICATIONSTOPERFORMDISTANCEMEASUREMENTSULTRASONICSENSORSAREASTATEOFTHEARTCHOICETOEFFECTIVELYSOLVETHISPROBLEMINDIFFERENTENGINEERINGFIELDS,SUCHASMEDICALIMAGING,ROBOTNAVIGATION,FLOWVELOCITY,FLUIDLEVELMEASUREMENTANDSOONALTHOUGHDIFFERENTKINDSOFMEASURINGSYSTEMSANDSENSORSHAVEBEENUSEDFORTHESPECIFICAPPLICATIONSRESPECTIVELY,THEREAREPROBLEMSRELATEDTOECHODETECTIONINEVERYCASEATTENUATIONANDBEAMSPREADING,PRESENCEOFNOISEANDINTERFERENCE,SENSITIVITYTOTEMPERATUREANDHUMIDITY,POORRESOLUTIONINMANYAPPLICATIONS,THETIMEELAPSEDBETWEENTHESTIMULUSULTRASONICWAVEANDITSECHOISTAKENASTHEBASISOFTHEMEASUREMENT,THATIS,THEMAINOPERATINGPRINCIPLEISTHEESTIMATIONOFTHETIMEOFFLIGHTTOF,THETRANSMITTINGULTRASONICTRANSDUCERTRANSMITSANULTRASONICPULSE,THEPULSEPROPAGATESTHROUGHTHETRANSMISSIONMEDIUMAIR,WATER,ETCANDISECHOEDBYASUITABLEREFLECTORTHEECHOPULSEISRECEIVEDBYTHERECEIVINGTRANSDUCER,WHICHMAYBETHESAMETRANSMITTINGTRANSDUCERSOTHEDISTANCEFROMTHETRANSMITTERTOTHEREFLECTORCANBEESTIMATEDINDIRECTLYBYTHEFORMULA1WHEREVISTHEPROPAGATIONVELOCITYOFTHEULTRASONICWAVEINTHEMEDIUMANOTHERPRINCIPLEISTHEPHASESHIFTMETHODHERE,THETRANSMITTERGENERATESACONTINUOUSWAVE,WHOISREFLECTEDBYANOBJECT,ANDWHOSEECHOISDETECTEDBYASEPARATERECEIVERBYCOMPUTINGTHEPHASESHIFTBETWEENTHETRANSMITTEDANDTHERECEIVEDCONTINUOUSWAVE,THEDISTANCEISEVALUATEDTOWITHINAWAVELENGTHPULSEECHOANDCONTINUOUSWAVETECHNIQUESAREWIDELYKNOWNASTHEREPRESENTSOFTHETWOMEASURINGPRINCIPLESCONTINUOUSWAVETECHNIQUEISMOREACCURATE,BUTMOREEXPENSIVEDUETOCOMPLEXHARDWAREUSEDTOMEASURETHEPHASEANDDUETOTHEDIFFICULTYINDETERMININGTHENUMBEROFINTEGERWAVELENGTHSASARESULT,THEPULSEECHOTECHNIQUEISOFTENUSEDINCOMMERCIALSYSTEMSFORINDUSTRIALAPPLICATIONTHEREFORE,THISPAPERPUTSANEMPHASISONTHEPULSEECHOTECHNIQUEFROMTHEFORMULA1,WEHAVECONCLUDEDTHATTHOSEFACTORSAFFECTINGVANDTFARETHESOURCESOFTHEDISTANCEMEASUREMENTUNCERTAINTYTHEVARIATIONOFVDOESNTONLYDEPENDONTHERELATIVEHUMIDITYANDTEMPERATURE,BUTALSOONSOMECHEMICALANDPHYSICALPARAMETERSOFTHEFLUIDFORTHESEEFFECTS,DIFFERENTTECHNIQUESHAVEBEENDEVELOPEDSUCCESSFULLYTOCOMPENSATETHEMSATISFACTORILY,SOTHECRITICALPOINTOFTHEWHOLEMEASUREMENTPROCEDUREISTHETOFESTIMATIONMANYMETHODSHAVEBEENPROPOSEDTOIMPROVETHETOFMEASUREMENTACCURACYSOMEREQUIRECOMPLICATED,NOTFLEXIBLEANDVERYEXPENSIVEHARDWARETOMAKETHETOFMEASUREMENTHIGHERACCURACYHOWEVER,OTHERSUSESOPHISTICATEDDIGITALTECHNIQUES,THATIS,DIGITALSIGNALPROCESSINGSOFTWARETODOTHESAMETHINGFROMTHEVIEWPOINTOFTHEENGINEERINGAPPLICATION,ITISNOTONLYPOSSIBLE,BUTALSOFEASIBLETOIMPROVETOFESTIMATIONUSINGDIGITALTECHNIQUESINTHISPAPER,FIRSTLY,THEBASICTHEORIESOFTHESEDIGITALTECHNIQUESAREPRESENTED,INCLUDINGSOMEMATHEMATICALFORMULATHEN,THEAPPLICATIONSOFTHESEDIGITALTECHNIQUESFORTHEULTRASONICDISTANCEMEASUREMENTISDESCRIBEDFINALLY,AOBJECTIVEASSESSMENTOFTHEMETHODSTHROUGHANALYZINGBOTHTHESYSTEMATICANDRANDOMERRORSISGIVEN2SIGNALMODELANDITSBUILDINGASFORTHEPULSEECHOMETHOD,INTHEMOSTENGINEERINGAPPLICATIONS,REQUIREONLYONETRANSDUCERASBOTHTHETRANSMITTERANDRECEIVERTHATISITOFFERSASIMPLEANDLOWCOSTSOLUTIONBUTATTHESAMETIME,ITMAYRESULTINLOWACCURACYOWINGTOTHEERROROFTHETOFESTIMATIONHOWTOIMPROVEITSACCURACYBUTNOTUSECOMPLEX,EXPENSIVEADDITIONALHARDWAREINFACT,THISPROBLEMCANBESOLVEDBYUSINGCHEAPSOFTWARESIGNALPROCESSINGTHEREFORE,THEKEYOFTHISPROBLEMISOFCOURSE,THETOFESTIMATIONTOSOLVETHISPROBLEM,ITISNECESSARYTOSETUPASUITABLEMATHEMATICALMODELOFTHETRANSMITTEDULTRASONICPULSE2WHEREAS,FSANDΨSARETHESIGNALAMPLITUDE,FREQUENCYANDPHASERESPECTIVELY,WHILEMANDNARETHEPARAMETERSOFTHECHARACTERSOFULTRASONICTRANSDUCERITSELFFORTHEACTUALTRANSDUCER,BOTHM0ANDU0ISANABSOLUTEFACTATTHESAMETIME,ASUITABLEMATHEMATICALMODELOFTHEREFLECTEDULTRASONICPULSEMUSTBECONSIDEREDTOBEWRITTENASFOLLOWSETARTTFTETTSLUCOS2XFSTTFΨR3WHEREAR,ΨRARETHEAMPLITUDEANDTHEPHASEOFTHEREFLECTEDECHOSIGNALTFISTHETOFTOPERFORMTOFMEASUREMENT,WEMUSTCONSIDERTHEMODELOFTHEWHOLEULTRASONICSIGNAL,INCLUDINGBOTHTHETRANSMITTEDANDTHEREFLECTEDPULSE,WHICHCANBEREPRESENTEDBYTHEEQUATION(4)WHERE0TAND0FARETHESAMPLINGPERIODSFORTHETIMEANDFREQUENCYDOMAINRESPECTIVELY,ANDKN,AREINTEGERSAFTERSTFTHASMAPPEDAONEDIMENSIONALSIGNALOFTIMEXT,ONTOATWODIMENSIONALFUNCTIONOFTIMEANDFREQUENCY,FTX,WHATWEDONEXTISTHEENVELOPEEXTRACTIONTHEFIRSTSTEPISTOCHOOSEASUITABLEFREQUENCYSFWHENUSINGTHEFREQUENCYSF,S/NISTHEMAXIMUMANDTHEINTERFERENCEISTHEMINIMUM,WHICHALWAYSBETHERESONANTFREQUENCYOFTHESENSORTHESECONDSTEPISTOFINDOUTTHEMAGITUDEFUNCTIONOFTHESTFTATTHEFREQUENCYSFOFTHESIGNALXT,THATISTHEENVELOPEWENEED3CORRELATIONMETHODANDTOFESTIMATIONAFTERRECOVERINGTHEENVELOPEFROMTHEDISTORTEDANDNOISYNONSTATIONARYSIGNALTHENEXTWORKISTOCOMPLETETHETOFESTIMATIONSEVERALTECHNIQUESCANBEUSEDTOACCOMPLISHTHETASKOFTHETOFESTIMATIONTHETRADITIONALAPPROACHUSEDINTHEMOSTULTRASONICSENSORSISTHETHRESHOLDMETHODATHRESHOLDLEVELISSETTLED,ANDTHETOFISCONSIDEREDTOBEMEASUREDWHENTHETHRESHOLDISFIRSTEXCEEDEDBYTHESIGNALORITSENVELOPEALTHOUGHITHASPROVEDTOBESIMPLEANDCHEAP,THISTECHNIQUEMAYSUFFERFROMPOORRESOLUTION,PARTICULARLYTHEECHOPULSEHASBEENGREATLYATTENUATEDTHECORRELATIONTECHNIQUEISAKINDOFMORESOPHISTICATEDTECHNIQUEFORAPPLICATIONSREQUIRINGHIGHACCURACY,WHICHBASESTHETOFESTIMATIONONTHESEARCHOFTHERELATIVEMAXIMUMINTHECROSSCORRELATIONFUNCTIONBETWEENTHETRANSMITTEDSIGNALANDTHEECHOSIGNALACCORDINGTOTHEINDEXOFTHEMAXIMUMVALUEOFTHECORRELATIONFUNCTION,THETIMEDELAYBETWEENTHETWOSIGNALSISOBTAINEDTHECORRELATIONFUNCTIONISDEFINEDAS5WHENTHEVALUEOFHTCISTHEMAXIMUM,THETOFISHT6CONSIDERINGTHEPROCEDUREOFTHESAMPLINGDATA,ACTUALLY,THEFTESTIMATIONCANBEEXPRESSEDINTHEFORM7WHEREHISTHEINTEGERPARTOF50/TTF,ANDΛISAREALNUMBERINTHEINTERVAL50,50,ASUITABLEMEASUREMENTALGORITHMMUSTBEUSEDTOEVALUATEEXACTLYTHEREALNUMBERΛITISPOSSIBLETOESTIMATIONTHEFRACTIONNUMBERΛTHROUGHASUITABLEINTERPOLATIONTECHNIQUETHESECONDORDERAPPROXIMATEINTERPOLATIONDETERMINESTHEPARAMETERΛAS8THEEQUATION1CANBEEXPRESSEDAS94SIMULATIONANDERRORANALYSISINORDERTOVALIDATETHEPROPOSEDMETHOD,AREALISTICSIMULATIONMUSTBESETUPTOMIRRORTHECHARACTERSOFANACTUALULTRASONICSENSORASSUMINGASAMPLINGFREQUENCYMF8MHZ,ANULTRASONICSENSORFREQUENCYFS550KHZ,ANULTRASONICWAVESPEEDINTHEMEDIUMSMV/1390,THEDISTANCERESOLUTIONIS,ACCORDINGTOTHEEQUATION1,0087MMTHEERRORANALYSISCANBEIMPLEMENTEDONTHECOMPUTERSIMULATIONS41SYSTEMATICCOMPONENTOFERRORSINTOFESTIMATIONTHEFINITESAMPLINGFREQUENCYDURINGTHEPROCEDUREOFTHEA/DCONVERSIONMAKETHETOFESTIMATIONINACCURATE,THATIS,THETIMERESOLUTIONERROROFSYSTEMISAERRORSOURCEFORTHETOFESTIMATIONTHISISASYSTEMATICERROR,WHICHCANBETHOUGHTASAFUNCTIONOFTHETIMERESOLUTIONFROMTHEEQUATION5,THISIDEALRESOLUTIONERRORCANBEWRITTENAS10THATCORRESPONDSTOAMAXIMUMDISTANCEERROREQUALTOMM0430WHENTHETOFISAMULTIPLEOFTHESAMPLINGPERIODΛ,THEERRORWILLBEZEROACCORDINGTOTHEEQUATION6,THERESULTOBTAINEDBYCOMPUTERSIMULATIONSCONFIRMTHATTHEINTERPOLATIONMETHODMAKETHETIMERESOLUTIONERRORTOAMINIMUMVALUEASARESULT,THESYSTEMATICERRORINDISTANCEMEASUREMENTCANBEWRITTENASFOLLOWS1142RANDOMCOMPONENTOFERRORSINTOFESTIMATIONINTHEPRACTICALAPPLICATIONS,THEEXISTENCEOFNOISEISACAUSEOFTOFINACCURACYWECANASSUMETHATTHENOISEISAWHITENOISEFROMTHEVIEWPOINTOFENERGY,LOWSNRLEADSTOHIGHNOISEINTENSITYFORTHECORRELATIONMETHOD,ITISLESSSENSITIVETONOISEDUETOTHEINHERENTCANCELLATIONOFZEROMEANRANDOMEFFECTSITSELF5CONCLUSIONSTHEUSEOFDEDICATEDDIGITALTECHNIQUESPROVEDTOBEESSENTIALFORULTRASONICSENSORSASUITABLEMEASUREMENTPROCEDUREHAVEBEENSETUPALLOWINGTHEPERFORMANCEOFTHEPROPOSEDTECHNIQUESWITHREGARDTOENVELOPEEXTRACTION,THESTFTISAGOODCHOICETHESTFTFILTEROUTTHENOISE,ANDRECOVERTHEOPTIMIZEDENVELOPE,THECORRELATIONMETHODISBETTERTHANTHETHRESHOLDMETHODDUETOBETTERPERFORMANCEBOTHINTERMSOFSYSTEMATICERRORTIMERESOLUTIONANDINTERMSOFRANDOMERRORNOISEFORECHODETECTIONACKNOWLEDGMENTS
编号:201311171145286018    类型:共享资源    大小:109.00KB    格式:DOC    上传时间:2013-11-17
  
5
关 键 词:
教育专区 外文翻译 精品文档 外文翻译
  人人文库网所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
关于本文
本文标题:外文翻译--数字技术在超声波传感器中的应用.doc
链接地址:http://www.renrendoc.com/p-96018.html

当前资源信息

4.0
 
(2人评价)
浏览:28次
英文资料库上传于2013-11-17

官方联系方式

客服手机:17625900360   
2:不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器下载   
3:不支持QQ浏览器下载,请用其他浏览器   
4:下载后的文档和图纸-无水印   
5:文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

相关资源

  • Thomas_Calculus_13th(托马斯微积分 13版)Thomas_Calculus_13th(托马斯微积分 13版)
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊2016】借助于电缆驱动系统改进工业机器人的静态性-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊2016】借助于电缆驱动系统改进工业机器人的静态性-中文翻译
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊2016】借助于电缆驱动系统改进工业机器人的静态性-外文文献[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊2016】借助于电缆驱动系统改进工业机器人的静态性-外文文献
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】最小化模式下料问题科林麦克迪尔米德-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】最小化模式下料问题科林麦克迪尔米德-中文翻译
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】组合机床行业现状与发展思考-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】组合机床行业现状与发展思考-中文翻译
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】自行航水器真正自治-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】自行航水器真正自治-中文翻译
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】自行航水器真正自治-外文文献[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】自行航水器真正自治-外文文献
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】注塑模具的设计与热分析-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】注塑模具的设计与热分析-中文翻译
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】注塑模的单浇口优化-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】注塑模的单浇口优化-中文翻译
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】注塑模的单浇口优化-外文文献[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】注塑模的单浇口优化-外文文献
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】主轴平衡力和曲轴弯曲应力的研究-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】主轴平衡力和曲轴弯曲应力的研究-中文翻译
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】轴对称降落伞形状的研究-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】轴对称降落伞形状的研究-中文翻译
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】轴对称降落伞形状的研究-外文文献[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】轴对称降落伞形状的研究-外文文献
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】中国乘用车燃料经济性标准的组成和影响-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】中国乘用车燃料经济性标准的组成和影响-中文翻译
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】指垫和平面之间的动态交互作用:实验和分析-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】指垫和平面之间的动态交互作用:实验和分析-中文翻译
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】指垫和平面之间的动态交互作用:实验和分析-外文文献[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】指垫和平面之间的动态交互作用:实验和分析-外文文献
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】直线电机高速数控切断机的发展-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】直线电机高速数控切断机的发展-中文翻译
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】直线电机高速数控切断机的发展-外文文献[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】直线电机高速数控切断机的发展-外文文献
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】支持机床系统的面向对象设计-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】支持机床系统的面向对象设计-中文翻译
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】支持机床系统的面向对象设计-外文文献[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】支持机床系统的面向对象设计-外文文献
  • [机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】振动镗孔与振动钻孔的研究-中文翻译[机械模具数控自动化专业毕业设计外文文献及翻译]【期刊】振动镗孔与振动钻孔的研究-中文翻译
  • 精品推荐

    相关阅读

    人人文库
    关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服客服 - 联系我们

    网站客服QQ:2846424093    人人文库上传用户QQ群:460291265   

    [email protected] 2016-2018  renrendoc.com 网站版权所有   南天在线技术支持

    经营许可证编号:苏ICP备12009002号-5