人教版八年级下册英语《期末考试卷》含答案解析_第1页
人教版八年级下册英语《期末考试卷》含答案解析_第2页
人教版八年级下册英语《期末考试卷》含答案解析_第3页
人教版八年级下册英语《期末考试卷》含答案解析_第4页
人教版八年级下册英语《期末考试卷》含答案解析_第5页
已阅读5页,还剩32页未读 继续免费阅读

下载本文档

版权说明:本文档由用户提供并上传,收益归属内容提供方,若内容存在侵权,请进行举报或认领

文档简介

人教版英语八年级下学期

期末测试卷

学校班级姓名成绩

I.单项选择

l.HetheEnglishstoryyesterdayevening.

A.finishesreadingB.finishedtoread

C.finishedreadingD.finishedtoreading

2.—Wouldyouliketogoforawalkwithus?

A.Yes,EdlikeB.Yes,Tdloveto

C.No,Ican'tD.Yes,Iwould

3.—Howoftendoyouwashyourschooluniform?

A.ForthreedaysB.Intwodays

C.ThreedaysagoD.Twiceaweek

4.Shetriesmeateverytimebecauseshewantstobethinner.

A.doesn'teatB.don'teatC.noteatD.nottoeat

5.Tobyisthananyotherstudentinhisclass.

A.muchcalmerB.morecalm

C.muchcalmD.thecalmest

6.Althoughheupveryearlythismorning,hewasstilllatefbrschool.

A.get;andB.got;/D.got;but

7.Mysisteristooyoungtoherself.

A.lookat;goodB.looklike;wellC.lookafter;goodD.lookafter;well

8.150Yuanonthisdress,butitmyfriendonly35Yuaninadifferentstore.

A.spent;costB.spend;cost

C.paid;tookD.took;spend

9.Myparentsdon'tmeeatjunkfood.

A.like;toomanyB.want;toomuch

C.ask;toomanyD.let;toomuch

lO.Heisfeelingthanheyesterdayafternoon.

A.better;wereB.best;be

C.better;wasD.well;did

11.Goodfoodandhelpherbetter.

Aexercise;studyB.exercise;studies

C.exercises;studyingD.exercises;tostudy

12.一You'regoingtoHongKong.Whatareyoudoing?

—I'mgoingsightseeing.ItwillbetimeinHongKong.

A.tothere;thefirstB.there;myfirst

C.inthere;myfirstD.there;mythefirst

13.一Whichcitydoyoudecide?

一I'mnotsure.Tmthinkingabout.

A.togo;theDalianB.goingto;Dalian

C.tovisit;DalianD.visiting;theDalian

14.Thisboyoften,soheisthanhisbrother.

A.playssports;morehealthyB.playingsports;healthier

Cplayssports;healthierD.playsports;morehealthier

15.Heresomeoftheresults.Moststudentsthinkarecheaperthancars.

A.is;thebikeB.are;bikes

C.are;thebikeD.is;bikes

16.Bobliveshere.Lefsgotohishomeabus.

A.awayfrom;inB.faraway;on

C.farfrom;withD.farfrom;on

17.Theydoeyeexercisesonceaday,soofthemglasses.

A.few;putB.few;wear

C.afew;putonD.afew;wear

18._everyonegettiredtoday?

-Yes,weverytiredthewholeafternoon.

A.Does;areallB.Do;areall

C.Does;allareD.Is;allare

19.TheyarrivedLondontheeveningofJuly3rd.

A.to;inB.in;in

C.in;onD.at;on

20.—Isthereintoday'snewspaper?

一No,there's.

A.anythingspecial;interestingnothingB.specialanything;somethinginteresting

C.specialanything;nothinginterestingD.anythingspecial;nothinginteresting

II.完形填空

Nobodyisperfect.21hassomedisadvantages(弱点).Soweshouldn'tlaugh22peoplebecause

theyhavesomedisadvantages.

IhaveaclassmatenamedLisa.Sheistroubledwithstammer(结巴).Whenshe23somethingin

English,especiallywhenansweringquestionsinclass,sheis24nervoustosayaword.

OnceinanEnglishclass,ourEnglishteacher,MissLi25Lisatoansweraquestion.I...it.I...

Whatshouldshedo?Ifeltvery26,butIcouldn'tthinkofhowIcouldhelpher.Thewholeclasswas

quiet.Everyonewaswaitingfbrheranswer.Lisa'sfaceturnedred27shestillcouldn'tsayacompletesentence.

Thenshehadtositdown.

Fiveminutes28MissLitriedtoencourageLisatoansweragain.

Tomysurprise,thewholeclassstartedclapping(鼓掌).TheywereallclappingforLisa.

“Lisa,believeinyourself9someonesaid.Lisawasgreatlymoved.Shewasgoingtotry29best.Aftera

while,shestoodupslowlyandbegantospeak.Shemadeacompletesentence!Weclappedagain.Thistime,the

clappinglastedforalongtime.It30ushappyandexcited.AfterthatLisatriedtospeakEnglishmoreoften

inclass.

21.A.NobodyB.NooneC.EveryoneD.Someone

22.A.inB.toC.ofD.at

23.A.speaksB.saysC.tellsD.talks

24.A.tooB.alittleC.soD.very

25.A.wantsB.letC.askedD.hoped

26.A.worryB.beworriedC.worryingD.worried

27.A.orB.andC.butD.then

28.A.afterB.beforeC.agoD.later

29.A.herB.hisC.hersD.she

30.A.gotB.madeC.makesD.get

HL阅读理解

A

MoYan,57,becomethefirstChinesetowinaNobelPrizeinLiterature(文学)onOct.11.Theawarddescribed

Mo'sworkasamixtureoffhntasy(幻想)andreality,combininghistoricalandsocialopinions.MoYanwasbom

in1955andgrewupinGaomiinShandong.Hisparentswerepoorfarmers.Attheageof12,hehadtoleaveschool

andstartwork,firstinthefieldandtheninafactory.In1976,Mojoinedthearmyandbegantostudyliteratureand

write.ThewholenationwassoexcitedbecauseaChinesewriterwasannounced(宣布)thewinnerofthe2012Nobel

PrizeinLiteratureattheSwedishAcademyinStockholmonOctober11.

31.MoYanwonthe2012NobelPrizeonOctober11,2012.

32.MoYanisthesecondChinesetowinaNobelPrize.

33.MoYangrewupinXi'anShaanxiprovinceandnowheis57yearsold.

34.Becausehisparentsweresopoorthattheycouldn'taffordhisstudyatschool.

35.Whenhewastwelve,hejoinedthearmyandbegantostudyandwrite.

B

Stevenfindsajobonafarm.Heisthestrongestandyoungest.Heeatsmore,sleepsmore,butworksless.He

doesn'tliketousehishead,soheknowslittle.Hehastodosomeunskilled(无需特殊技能的)work.Healwayssays

he'stiredandhopestohaveagoodrest.Sohegetslessmoneythanothers.Winteriscoming.Theworkersaregetting

readyforthenextyear.OnlyStevendoesnothing.Thefarmertellshimtocutdownsometreesintheforest.The

youngmanhastogotherewithachair.Hefeelslonely(寂寞的)intheforestandisafraidoftheanimals.Sohelooks

aroundandsingsloudly.Nobodyknowswhathe'ssinging.Afterthreedays,Stevendoesn'tcutdownanytrees.The

farmerfeelsstrange.Hewantstofindouthowtheyoungmanisworkingthere.Tohisanger(生气),Stevenissitting

onthechair,cuttingthetree."Whyareyousittingheretocutthetrees?"asksthefarmer.t4BecauseIcan'tworkif

lying(躺着),sir.”

36.Stevendoesn'tliketousehishead,so.

A.hedoesn'tknowmuch

B.heisyoungandstrong

C.hetriestobeafarmer

D.hefindsajobonafarm

37.Stevengetslessmoneybecause.

A.heeatsmore

B.heisillinhospital

C.heisn'tpolitetothefarmer

D.heislazyanddoessomeunskilledwork

38.Whatcanwelearnfromthepassage?

A.Lazypeoplecangetalotofmoney.

B.Farmerscansitdownandcutdownmanytrees.

C.Wecangetalotbyworkinghard.

D.Stevenisverybraveandheisn'tafraidofanimals.

C

Lookinthebedroomsofyoungpeoplearoundtheworld.Youwillprobablyfindapairofbluejeansineach

room.Jeansareverypopularallovertheworld.Jeansgiveyouthefeelingofcomfort,youthandenergy.Theyhave

longbeenlikedbyeveryperson.LeviStraussisanAmericancompany.Itfirstmadebluejeans.Thecompanywas

foundedin1853by24-year-oldLeviStrauss.Twentyyearslater,hemadethefirstbluejeansintheworld.Thejeans

wereusedasworkingtrousersforthecowboysoftheAmericanWest.DuringtheSecondWorldWar,American

soldiersbroughtbluejeanstoEuropeandAsia.Peopletherebegantowearjeans.Littlebylittle,theybecomecool.

Peoplefromdifferentcountrieslikedifferentstylesofjeans.Americansliketowearsimpleandsingle-coloredjeans,

butmanyChineseliketowearjeanswithlotsofdifferentcolors.Jeansnowcanbeseeneverywhere.However,in

manyplaces,it'snotalwaysgoodtowearjeans.Nomatterhowgoodtheymaylook,orwhatcolortheyare,it'soften

notrighttowearjeansinformalplaces.But,whenyouareout,relaxingandhavingfun,jeansarethebestchoices.

39.Almosteverypersonlikeswearingjeans,because

A.LevisStrausslikedthem

B.jeansgivepeoplethefeelingofyouth,comfortandenergy

C.theydon'thaveotherpants

D.jeansareblue.

40.LeviStraussmadethefirstbluejeans.

A.whenhewas44B.whenhewas24

C.in1853D.in1924

41.Whenyou,you'dbetternotwearapairofjeans.

AgotoanimportantmeetingB.goonatrip

C.haveapartyD.arehavingfun

42Whatisthebesttitleofthispassage?

A.Howtomakejeans

B.Wheretobuyjeans

C.Thehistoryofjeans

D.LevisStrauss

D

Whenpeopletakeavacation,cantheyalwaysenjoyit?

Thefactisthatsomepeoplewhotravelforpleasuregetnopleasurefromitatall.Others,whotravelbecause

theymusttravel,havealotoffundoingit.Whatmakesonetripmoreenjoyablethananother?

Anytripcanbeenjoyableifyouplanitwell.Everyminutethatyouspendinplanningyourtripmaysaveyour

tenminutesoftroubleduringyourtrip.Itmayalsoaddanhourofpleasure!

Manyplacesofinterestandcitiesaroundtheworldarepopularduringsomemonthsoftheyearandlesspopular

duringothermonths.Findoutiftheplacesyouarevisitinghavean“in"seasonandan"off'season.Thismayhelp

youtodecidewhenyouwanttogo.Theweathermaybetoocoldortoohot.Thebeachesmaybeclosed.Hotelsand

restaurantsmaybeshut.Besuretofindoutthembeforeyougo.

43.Whyshouldpeopleplantheirvacations?

A.Becausetheyarefree

B.Becausetheywanttogothereearlier

C.Becauseanytripcanbeenjoyableifitiswellplanned

D.Becausetheyhavemuchmoney

44.Whenplanningtheirvacationspeopleshouldthinkabout.

A.iftheplaceshavean"in"seasonandan"off'season.

B.Iftheyliketheweatherthere.

C.Ifthehotelsandrestaurantsareopen.

D.Allofabove

45.WhichoneisNOTRIGHT?

A.Awellplannedtripcanbeenjoyable

B.PeoplecanonlygototheinterestingplacesinChinatotakeavacation.

C.Maybepeopleneedtospendmoneytravelingduringthe"in"season.

D.Besuretofindoutsomeinformationabouttheplacebeforetheygo.

E

Whenyouareill,youshouldgotoseeadoctor.Afterthedoctorlooksyouover,hewillwriteyouanotetotake

tothechemistfbrsomemedicine.Chemistsareusuallygoodatreadingdoctors'notes.Butsometimesdoctorswrite

toobadlyandeventhechemistcannotreadthem.Onedayawomanwrotetoadoctortoinvitehimtohavedinner

withherfamily.Thedoctorwroteananswer,buthewrotetoobadlyandthewomancouldnotreadit.Sheaskedher

husband,44Idon'tknowwhetherheisgoingcomeornot.Idon'twanttocallandsaythatIdon'tunderstand.Her

husbandthoughtfbrafewminutesandthenhehadagoodidea."TakeittothechemistJhesaid,“Hewillbeable

toreaditfbrus.”“That'sagoodidea."saidthewoman.Shewenttothechemist'sshopandgavethedoctor'snoteto

him.Thechemistlookedatitfbralongtime."Couldyouwaitamoment,Miss?”hesaid.Thenhewenttothebackof

theshop.Afterafewminuteshecameback,carryingalargebottle.Hegavethebottletothewoman."Takeone

spoonful(一匙)everyday."Hetoldthewoman.

46.Whatdidthedoctordowhenthewomaninvitedhimtohavedinnerintherestaurant?

A.Hesaidhecouldcomeontime.

B.Hewrotethewomanananswer

C.Hewasgladtocome

D.Hewroteanotetothechemist

47.Whycouldn'tthewomanunderstandthe“note”?

A.Becausethedoctorwrotebadly

B.Becausethewomandidn'tknowmuchaboutthemedicine

C.Becausethedoctordidn'tliketogo.

D.becausethewomanneverwenttoschool.

48.Thehusbandwantedhiswifeto

A.callthedoctorhavedinnerwiththem

B.gotothechemisttogetsomemedicine

Ctakethereplytothechemistforhelp

D.readthenoteagain

49.Inthestory,theword“chemist“means""inChinese.

A.护士B.化验师C.药剂师D.药房

50.Whatdidthemaninthechemisfsshopgivethewomanatlast?

A.ApieceofgoodadviceB.Therightideaofthedoctor

C.AninvitationfromthedoctorD.Abottleofmedicine

IV.完成句子

根据所给的中文意思写出下列句子.

51.你能说出这两本书的一些不同之处吗?

Canyousaybetweenthetwobooks?

52.昨天花了他40分钟骑车到那儿.

Ittookhimfortyminuteslothereyesterday.

53.我们是否去徒步旅行,取决于天气.

Ifwegohiking,itwilltheweather.

54.他在考虑周末开办一个英语俱乐部.

HestartinganEnglishclubonweekends.

55.每天多喝水是很有必要的.

[t'snecessaryeveryday.

V.短文填空.

many,spend,good,time,with,we,classmate,angrily,stop,friend

Aboutthreeyearsago,Ifeltverylonely.Idon'tlikemyclassmates,myparentsoranyoneelse.Myclassmates

didn'twanttotalk56meandmyparentswerealwayssayingthatotherkidswere57thanme.I

thoughtIwasthemostunluckypersonintheworld.

OnedayIhadabigfightwithoneofmy58.1wassoangrythatIhithimintheface.Justatthat

moment,aboystoodupand59thefight.Hewasthemonitorofourclass.

Afterthat,heoftenhelpedmeandwebecamegoodfriends.WheneverIgot60orsad,hewouldhelp

metocooldown.Mylifebegantochangebecauseoftheboy,mybestfriend.We61alotofinterestingdays

together.As62goesby,Ihavebecomehappierwithpeopleandthings.Anditseemsthatpeoplearoundme

havechanged,too.Myparentsdon'tshoutatmeany63.Classmatesbecome64tome.Soyou

see,friendsplayanimportantpartin65lives.

VI.任务型阅读.

Oncetherewasanoldfarmer,hehadahorsewhichwasalmostasoldashimself.Hesetout(出发)onemorning

withhissontosellthehorsebeforeitdied.Thefatherandsonwalked,becausethefarmerdidnotwantthehorsetobe

tootired.Theymettwomenontheroad.Theysaid,“Whyareyouwalking,farmer?Youhaveahorse,Ifsalongway

tomarket(市场)Thefarmerknowthatthiswastrue,soherodeonthehorsewhilehissonwalked.Thentheymet

twooldladies,uWhatareyoudoingupthere,farmer?Can*tyouseehowtiredtheboyis?”Sothefarmergotdown,

andlethissonrideonit.Twentyminuteslater,threeoldmenstoppedthem,onesaid,“Whyareyouwalking,farmer?

Getup,It'stoohotfbranoldmanlikeyoutowalktoday.^^Sothefarmergotupbehindhisson,andtheyrodeon.

Sometimelater,ayoungwomanpassedthem,tcWhyaren'tyouwalking?”sheasked,“Itisn'tfartothemarket.Give

yourpoorhorsearest."Sothefarmerandhissongotdownonceagain.Itisafactthatyoucannotpleaseallthe

peopleallthetime.

66.Howoldwasthehorse?

Thehorsewasalmostthefarmerhimself.

67.Whatdidtheoldfarmerwanttodowith(处理)thehorse?

Hewantedtobeforeitdied.

68.Whatdidthefirsttwomenmean?

Theymeantthatitwastogetthemarketsotheycouldride.

69.Whydidn'ttheyrideonthehorseatlast?

Becauseayoungwomansaiditwasn'tfartothemarket,theyshouldgive.

70.Whatdoesthestorytellus?

Thestorytellsusthatallthetime.

VIL补全对话.

根据对话内容将符合对话情景的句子序号写在空白处,是对话完整.其中有两项是多余的.

A:Hi,Jack!Whatagoodday!71

B:Twoo'clockinthisafternoon?Yes,Iamfreeatthattime.

A:IamgoingtohaveabadmintongamewithBill.72

B:Yes,rdloveto.73Ihavetoseethedoctorathalfpasttwo.

A:Toseethedoctor?Why?74

B:Ihaveasoreback.AndIhavebeenlikethisforalongtime.

A:75MaybenexttimeisOK.

B:Thanksfbraskingme!Goodlucktoyou.

ButIamsorryIcan't.

Ican'tbelievethat.

What'sthematter?

Iamsorrytohearthat.

Wouldyouliketocometojoinus?

Canyoucometohelpme?

Areyoufreeattwothisafternoon

根据对话内容将符合对话情景的句子写在空白处,使对话完整.

Mike:Hello.IsthatJohn?

John:Yes,thisisJohnspeaking.

Mike:Hi,John!76

John:Ofcourse,Icanhelpyouanytime.

Mike:IamgoingtotheairporttomeetafriendfromCanada.ButIdon'tknowwhattodoornotdo.

John:77?

Mike:Yes,Ifeelkindofnervous.

John:78.Letmetellyouwhattodo.IthinkpeopleinCanadaarealwaysontime.

Mike:Iknow.Ishouldbeattheairportontime.79?

John:Andyoushouldnevervisithimwithoutcallingfirst.

Mike:OhIsee.Inourcountry,wedon'thavetocallfirst.Thankyou.

John:80.IhopeyourfriendwillhaveagoodtimeinXi'an.

VIII.书面表达.

81.假如你是李明,你在美国的笔友Tom想更多了解有关你的情况.请写封回信.

要点如下:

1.参考要点信息,可适当发挥.

2.语句通顺,意思连贯,书写工整.

3.字数:60-80词左右.信的开头,结尾已经给出,不计入总词数.

DearTom,

I'mgladtohavereceivedyourletter.Nowletmetellyousomethingmoreabout

myself.________________________________________________________

Bestwishes!

Yours,

LiMing

答案与解析

I.单项选择

l.HetheEnglishstoryyesterdayevening.

A.finishesreadingB.finishedtoread

C.finishedreadingD.finishedtoreading

【答案】c

【解析】

【详解】句意:昨天晚上他读完了这个英语故事.

考查动词时态和非谓语动词.finish完成,常用于句型finishdoingsth.“完成做某事”,不用动词不定式作宾语,

故先排除B和D;根据句中的时间状语yesterdayevening可知,这句话说的是过去发生的事情,应用一般过去

时态.故选C.

2.一Wouldyouliketogoforawalkwithus?

A.Yes,I'dlikeB.Yes,I'dloveto

C.No,Ican'tD.Yes,Iwould

【答案】B

【解析】

【详解】句意:——你愿意和我们一起去散步吗?——是的,我愿意去.

考查情景交际.Yes,Tdlike.形式错误,动词不定式省略形式,保留符号to;Yes,Tdloveto.是的,我愿意去,可

以回答对方的邀请;No,Ican:不,我不能.这个回答太直接,拒绝的时候应注意语气委婉;Yes,Iwould.是的,

我愿意.原句中使用的是wouldliketo,如果是肯定回答,应用rdlike/loveto.故选B.

3.—Howoftendoyouwashyourschooluniform?

A.ForthreedaysB.Intwodays

C.ThreedaysagoD.Twiceaweek

【答案】D

【解析】

【详解】句意:——你多久洗一次校服?—一周两次.

考查短语辨析.Forthreedays.三天,表示一段时间;Intwodays.两天后,常和一般将来时态搭配;Threedaysago.

三天前,与一般过去时态搭配;Twiceaweek.—周两次.句中Howoften是提问做某事的频率,意为“多久一

次”,D选项的回答符合语境.故选D.

4.Shetriesmeateverytimebecauseshewantstobethinner.

A.doesn'teatB.don'teatC.noteatD.nottoeat

【答案】D

【解析】

【详解】句意:她每次都尽力不吃肉,因为她想要更瘦.

考查非谓语动词.doesn'teat不吃,否定形式,主语为第三人称单数;don'teat不吃,否定形式;noteat不带to

的动词不定式的否定形式;nottoeat动词不定式的否定形式.句中谓语动词tries常用于句型trytodosth.“尽

力去做某事”,否定形式应在to前加not.故选D.

5.Tobyisthananyotherstudentinhisclass.

A.muchcalmerB.morecalm

C.muchcalmD.thecalmest

【答案】A

【解析】

【详解】句意:Toby比他班里的任何一个学生都要更冷静.

考查形容词比较级.muchcalmer冷静得多;morecalm形式错误,calm的比较级应在词尾直接加er;muchcalm

形式错误,much不能修饰形容词的原级,可以修饰比较级;thecalmest最冷静的,是最高级形式.根据空后的

than可知,这里表示两者相比,应用比较级.故选A.

【点睛】表示两者相比,应用形容词的比较级,句中常有标志词than,意为“比”.形容词比较级的变化规则:

一、规则变化:

1.一般单音节词,比较级在后面加-er,如calm—calmer;tall---taller等.

2.以不发音e结尾的单音节词,词尾直接加-r,如large—larger;nice—nicer等.

3.在重读闭音节(即:辅音+元音+辅音)中,先双写末尾的辅音字母,比较级加-er,如big—bigger;

hot---hotter等.

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,把y改为i,比较级加-er,如heavy-heavier等.

5.其他双音节词和多音节词,比较级在前面加more,如moreimportant,morebeautiful等.

二、不规则变化:

good/well---better;little---less;bad---worse;many/much--more等等.

6.Althoughheupveryearlythismorning,hewasstilllateforschool.

A.get;andB.got;/C.gets;soD.got;but

【答案】B

【解析】

【详解】句意:虽然今天早上他起得很早,但他上学还是迟到了.

考查动词时态和连词.get得到,活动,动词原形;got是get的过去式;gets是第三人称单数形式.getup意为

“起床”,是固定短语.根据句中的时间状语thismorning以及下句话“hewasstilllate..."可知,这句话说的

是过去的事情,应用一般过去时态,先排除A和C.句中Although是连词,引导让步状语从句,不能和but连用,

因为but也是一个连词.故选B.

【点睛】although为从属连词,用来引导让步状语从句,它表明整个句子为复合句;but是并列连词,用以连接

两个简单句使之成为并列句.因此在同一句中不能既用从属连词although,又用并列连词but,两者留一个即

可.同理,because和so也不可连用.

7.Mysisteristooyoungtoherself.

A.lookat;goodB.looklike;wellC.lookafter;goodD.lookafter;well

【答案】D

【解析】

【详解】句意:我的妹妹太小了不能照顾好自己.

考查动词短语辨析及形容词、副词辨析.lookat看;looklike看起来像;lookafter照顾;good好的,形

容词:well好,副词.根据句意可知,这里表示“太小不能照顾自己”,用短语lookafter;第二个空修饰第一

个空的动词短语,应用副词.故选D.

8.150Yuanonthisdress,butitmyfriendonly35Yuaninadifferentstore.

A.spent;costB.spend;cost

C.paid;tookD.took;spend

【答案】A

【解析】

【详解】句意:我花费了50元买这件裙子,但是在另外一个商店它只花费了我朋友35元.

考查动词辨析.spent是spend的原形,主语应为人,常用于句型spend+时间或金钱+onsth./indoingsth.;paid

原形是pay,主语为人,常用于短语pay+钱+forsth.为某物付钱;took原形是take,也可以表示“花费”,常用

于句型Itlakessb.+一段时间+lodosth.“花费某人一段时间做某事";cost主语应为物,表示“某物花费某

人多少钱”.第一句话中句主语为人,且空后是…onthisdress,符合spend的用法;but后主语it代指dress,指

物,故用cost.根据句意可知,这句话表示过去的事情,应用一般过去时态.故选A.

9.Myparentsdon'tmeeatjunkfood.

A.like;toomanyB.want;toomuch

C.ask;toomanyD.let;toomuch

【答案】D

【解析】

【详解】句意:我的父母不让我吃太多垃圾食品.

考查动词辨析及形容词短语.hke喜欢;want想要,常用于句型wantsb.tod。sth.;ask问,要求,常用于句型

asksb.todosth.;let让,常用于句型letsb.dosth.;toomany太多,修饰可数名词;toomuch太多,修饰不可数

名词.根据句子结构可知,句子使用了动词原形eat在句中作宾补,只有let的句型符合;第二个空后的junk

food是不可数名词,用toomuch修饰.故选D.

lO.Heisfeelingthanheyesterdayafternoon.

A.better;wereB.best;be

C.better;wasD.well;did

【答案】C

【解析】

【详解】句意:他比昨天下午感觉好多了.

考查副词比较级和时态.better更好;best最好;well好;were是are的过去式;was是is的过去式;did助动

词.根据句意和空后的than可知,这里表示现在与昨天下午相比,应用副词的比较级形式,先排除B和D:主

语he是单数,该句用一般过去时态,be动词用was.故选C.

11.Goodfoodandhelpherbetter.

A.exercise;studyB.exercise;studies

C.exercises;studyingD.exercises;tostudy

【答案】A

【解析】

【详解】句意:好的饮食和锻炼帮助她学习更好.

考查名词辨析及非谓语动词.exercise锻炼,运动,是不可数名词;练习,早操,可数名词.study学习,动词原形;

studies第三人称单数形式;studying动名词或现在分词形式;tostudy动词不定式.根据句意可知,第一个空

中的exercise指“锻炼”,是不可数名词,没有复数形式,先排除C和D;第二个空考查句型helpsb.(to)do

sth.“帮助某人做某事”,故选A.

12.一You,regoingtoHongKong.Whatareyoudoing?

—I'mgoingsightseeing.ItwillbetimeinHongKong.

A.tothere;thefirstB.there;myfirst

C.inthere;myfirstD.there;mythefirst

【答案】B

【解析】

【详解】句意:——你打算去香港.你在那里做什么?—我去观光.这是我第一次去香港.

考查介词辨析及序数词.there那儿,那里,是一个副词,前面不需要加介词,故排除A和C;first是序数词,“第

一”,前面须加限定词,my和the都是限定词,两者选其一即可,不能同时都使用.故选B.

13.一Whichcitydoyoudecide?

一I'mnotsure.Tmthinkingabout.

A.togo;theDalianB.goingto;Dalian

C.tovisit;DalianD.visiting;theDalian

【答案】C

【解析】

【详解】句意:——你决定去参观哪个城市?—我不确定.我正考虑大连.

考查非谓语动词及名词.togo动词不定式;goingto动名词;tovisit动词不定式:visiting动名词或现在分词

形式.第一个空前动词是decide,常用于句型decidetodosth.“决定去做某事",故排除B和D;A选项中go

是不及物动词,后面应加介词to,才能跟宾语,故A选项也不对.Dalian是一个城市名称,专有名词,前面不需

要加冠词.故选C.

14.Thisboyoften,soheisthanhisbrother.

A.playssports;morehealthyB.playingsports;healthier

C.playssports;healthier

温馨提示

  • 1. 本站所有资源如无特殊说明,都需要本地电脑安装OFFICE2007和PDF阅读器。图纸软件为CAD,CAXA,PROE,UG,SolidWorks等.压缩文件请下载最新的WinRAR软件解压。
  • 2. 本站的文档不包含任何第三方提供的附件图纸等,如果需要附件,请联系上传者。文件的所有权益归上传用户所有。
  • 3. 本站RAR压缩包中若带图纸,网页内容里面会有图纸预览,若没有图纸预览就没有图纸。
  • 4. 未经权益所有人同意不得将文件中的内容挪作商业或盈利用途。
  • 5. 人人文库网仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对用户上传分享的文档内容本身不做任何修改或编辑,并不能对任何下载内容负责。
  • 6. 下载文件中如有侵权或不适当内容,请与我们联系,我们立即纠正。
  • 7. 本站不保证下载资源的准确性、安全性和完整性, 同时也不承担用户因使用这些下载资源对自己和他人造成任何形式的伤害或损失。

最新文档

评论

0/150

提交评论