浙江省省杭州市上城区建兰中学2024届中考二模英语试题含答案_第1页
浙江省省杭州市上城区建兰中学2024届中考二模英语试题含答案_第2页
浙江省省杭州市上城区建兰中学2024届中考二模英语试题含答案_第3页
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浙江省省杭州市上城区建兰中学2024届中考二模英语试题含答案请考生注意:1.请用2B铅笔将选择题答案涂填在答题纸相应位置上,请用0.5毫米及以上黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将主观题的答案写在答题纸相应的答题区内。写在试题卷、草稿纸上均无效。2.答题前,认真阅读答题纸上的《注意事项》,按规定答题。Ⅰ.单项选择1、Jackisagoodfriend,andheoftencomestoourhomeforavisit.A.ofmyfather B.ofmyfather’s C.formyfather D.withmyfather2、Kevinisasoccerfanandheplays________soccerquitewell.A.a B.the C./3、WhenDanielisinabadmood,helikeswearingorangeto_________himself_______.A.wake,upB.cheer,upC.give,upD.pick,up4、—HowmanypeoplehavecometoBeijingfortheOlympicGamesin2008?—It’shardtosay._______people,Ithink.A.Millionof B.Millionsof C.Twomillionsof D.Twomillionof5、.ItheavilywhenIwenthomefromthesupermarket.A.wasraining B.willraining C.israining D.rains6、I_______/həʊp/youhaveagoodtrip.A.keep B.home C.hope D.help7、—Manystudentsdon’tknowhowto_________thenewwordsinthedictionary.—Ithinkthey’dbetterasktheirteachersforhelp.A.lookout B.findout C.lookfor D.lookup8、—DoesAliceoftenworkuntil2.a.m.onweekdays.—No,she_____does.Butsheoftenstaysuplateonweekdays.A.always B.seldom C.usually9、Istopped_____thenightinasmallvillagewhileIwasonholidayintheHimalayasafewyearsago.A.at B.for C.until D.through10、—Doyouknowthatourclasswonfirstprizeinyesterday’ssingingcompetition?—Really?_______goodnews!A.What B.Whata C.How D.HowaⅡ.完形填空11、阅读下面短文,然后从各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。Iusedtoliveinmyownroomalone.ButonedayitallchangedwhenmybrotherMikeaskedtosharemy1Atfirst,myparentssaid“no”tohim,butatlastmymotheragreed.Icriedandaskedmyparentsnottodothis,2itdidn’twork.AssoonasMikeenteredmyroom,itbegantobecome3Tomyanger,heoftenlefthisunwashedclothesandtoyseverywhere!Oneevening,Iwasdoingsome4onmycomputerwhileMikewaslisteningtomusic5,Ileftmyseattogetsomewater.AbigsurprisewaswaitingformewhenI6Hewasusingmycomputertoplaygame.Ihadforgottentosavethehomework.Sadly,hehadclosedmyprogram7savingitallIhaddonehaddisappeared!I8him.Hecriedalotasmymothercameandbeathim.Mymotheralsoaskedhimtoleavemyroomatonce.ThenIdidmyhomework9At10:00pm.Ifinishedit.WhenIwasgoingtoturnoffthe10,Isawthephotoofmy11thathehadputonmytable.Ilookedathislovelyfaceandrememberedhow12hewaswhenmymombeathim.Ireallyfelt13Iwenttoseewhathewasdoing.Ifoundhewas14inmyparents’bed.Ikissedhisface.Hewokeup,gotupandsaid.“I’msorry.Iwon’tbringyouanymoretrouble.”Iwasasmovedandsaid.“Fromnowon,myroomisnotonlymine.Itis15!”Thatverynight,MikeandIsharednotonlytheroom,butthebed.1.A.clothes B.food C.room D.toys2.A.because B.but C.or D.so3.A.dirty B.empty C.quiet D.tidy4.A.business B.homework C.reading D.shopping5.A.Later B.Instead C.However D.Sometimes6.A.danced B.fell C.returned D.slept7.A.after B.by C.for D.without8.A.agreedwith B.heardfrom C.lookedafter D.shoutedat9.A.aswell B.forever C.intheend D.onceagain10.A.computer B.fan C.radio D.TV11.A.brother B.cousin C.father D.grandfather12.A.clever B.happy C.sad D.silly13.A.bored B.excited C.proud D.sorry14.A.jumping B.sleeping C.sitting D.singing15.A.his B.hers C.ours D.theirsⅢ.语法填空12、DoyouknowStephenHawking?He’soneofthemostwell-known1.(scientist)onspaceandtimeintheworld.HewasborninEnglandin1942.Hawkingis2.(study)howtheuniversebeganandhowitends.WhenhestudiedmathandscienceatOxfordUniversity,hefell3.(serious)ill,whichmadehimunabletospeakorbreathe.Tillnow,hecan’tmoveorfeed4.(him).however,hehasawheelchairwith5.specialcomputer,withwhichhecancommunicatewithothers.6.hewasfacingallthesedifficulties,herefusedtogiveuphishopeofliving.Because7.hisillness,itwasdifficultforhimtodrawdiagramsortowrite.Sohestarted8.(think)inpictures.Withthisnewwayofthinking,heisrespectedbypeopleintheworld.Oncehe9.(invite)toChinatogivelectures.Hisself-confidenceandhumorousconversationsimpressedusdeeply.Heoncesaid,“Whensomethingunfairhappens,10.isnoneedtoworryaboutit!Youjusthavetodothebestinyourownsituation.”Ⅳ.阅读理解A13、A.Choosethebestanswer(根据短文内容,选择最恰当的答案)Carole’sCookingJournalMonday,April6Thismonth,wehadtochooseanoptionalactivity.Shoulditreallybecalled“optional”ifyouhavetodoit?Unfortunately,Iwaiteduntilthelastminutetosignup.Manyoftheactivitieswerealreadyfull,butImadeadecisiontojointheCookingClubbecauseatleastthatwayIwouldgetasnacktoeat.Tuesday,April7Itwasthefirsttimetobehere.Likemanyofmyideas,joiningtheCookingClubmadesenseatfirstbutwasturningouttobeadisaster.Mostpeoplehavebeenintheclubformorethanayear,sotheyalreadyknowwhatthey’redoing.Andsincetheyallknoweachother,theyweren’texactlyinterestedinanewcomer.Thursday,April9Whataterribleday!HowcouldIknowthatifarecipesaystobeatcookiebatter(糊),youcouldn’tdoitwithyourfists(拳头)?Ithoughttheotherkidswouldneverstoplaughing.Anditwasnoteasytogetcookiebatteroffyourclothes.Friday,April10IhavemorefunnythingsinCookingClub.NowIknowthatchocolatemousseisadessertanditisn’tspelledm-o-o-s-e.“Mousse”and“Moose”(驼鹿)soundexactlythesame.SoIdon’tthinkmyquestionaboutwhethervegetarians(素食者)caneatchocolatemoussewasreallythatsilly.Monday,April13Oneofmybrightideasworkedoutforachange!EveryonelaughedwhenIhandedoutthechocolate“moose”cookiethatImadeyesterday,butthistimeIwaslaughing,too.Thepeanutbutterantlers(鹿角)werea____We’reevenplanningtobakemorecookiesfortheschoolfoodfestivalnextweek.1.CarolechosetheCookingClubbecause_________.A.Shelikedmakingdifferentkindsoffood.B.Cookingclubwastheonlyactivityshecouldchoose.C.ShecouldgetsomefoodintheCookingClub.D.Itwasnotopentothestudentsuntilthelastminute.2.HowdidCarolefeelwhenshejoinedtheclubforthefirsttime?A.Excited. B.Frightened. C.Pleased. D.Lonely.3.Whydidthewriterbeatthecookiebatterwithherfists?A.Becauseshewasupsetaboutbeingintheclub.B.Becauseshemisunderstoodacookingrecipe.C.Becauseshedidn’tknowhowtousetools.D.Becauseshewaslaughedatbyotherkids.4.WhatdidCarolethinkofmousseatbeginning?A.Shethoughteatingmoussewassilly.B.Shethoughtmoussewasakindofanimal.C.Shethoughtmoussedidn’ttastegood.D.Shethoughtonlyvegetarianscaneatmousse.5.Theunderlinedword“hugehit”istheclosestinmeaningto“”.A.greatsuccess B.sweetdessertC.bigdisaster D.beautifuldecoration6.HowlonghasCarolebeenintheCookingClubaccordingtothejournal?A.Aboutoneweek. B.Aboutonemonth.C.Abouttwoweeks. D.Abouttwomonths.B14、Manypeoplesaythattheyareworkingtoomanyhours.Theydon’thaveenoughtimetorelaxorstaywiththeirfamily.Workhoursaredifferentfromonecountrytoanother.InFrance,peoplespendabout1,646hoursayearatwork.InJapan,however,peopleworkabout2,259hoursayear.ThatmeansaJapaneseworkerworks513morehoursayearthanaFrenchworker.Whydopeopleworksomanyhours?Somepeopleworkextrahoursbecausetheywanttomakemoremoney.However,manycompaniesdon’tpayovertime.Theirworkersdon’tgetmorepayformorework.Thesepeoplethinkit’stheirdutytoworemorehours.Someareafraidoflosingtheirjobiftheydon’tworkmorehours.Manypeoplesaythattheirvacationsaretooshort.InFrance,peoplegetfiveweeksofpaidvacationayear.InGermany,theygetfromfourtosixweeks,andintheUnitedStates,twoweeks.Onestudyshowsfewerthanhalfofworkersusedalltheirvacationdays.InGreatBritain,thereisasaying,“AllworkandnoplaymakesJackadull(迟钝的)boy.”“Ifthatistrue,theremustbealotofdullpeopleintheworld.”1.AJapaneseworkerworks______morehoursayearthanaFrenchone.A.513 B.1,646 C.2,1592.Theword“extra”inParagraph3means“_________”.A.正常的 B.额外的 C.有用的3.Peoplein______getonlytwoweeksofpaidvacationayear.A.France B.Germany C.TheUnitedStates4.WhichofthefollowingsentencesisTRUEaccordingtothepassage?A.Nocompaniesoffervacationstotheirworkers.B.Manypeoplesaytheyhaveenoughtimetorelax.C.Notallcompaniespaytheirworkersformorework.5.Whatcanweinfer(推断)fromthepassage?A.Manyworkershavetoworklonghours.B.Manypeoplehavevacationslongenough.C.Workhoursarethesamearoundtheworld.C15、DearMrs.WebDearMrs.Webprovidesfreepersonaladviceandopinionsforyou.Shereceivesandanswersworldwideemailquestions.Shewillofferyousomenewsuggestionsonyourproblems,likestudystress,disinterestedfriend...DearMrs.Webwelcomesallquestionsandcomments.Youcanreceivethereplyusuallyin48hours.Heremailaddressismrsweb@.HelpLineVolunteersEveryyearthousandsofoldpeopleareinneedofourhelp.TheHelpLineprovidesaheartwarming,helpful,kindsupportandinformationservicefortheEnglishagedpeople.Weareinneedofvolunteerswhoare:warm-heartedandpatientcanwork10hourseveryweekPleasecallusat0241-85902oremailus.helper@SavetheEarthClubEarthclubisforanystudentinGreenSchool.EarthClub’sgoalistohelpkeeptheschool,neighborhood,andcitycleanerbyencouragingrecycling,highwaycleanup,andriver,lakeandschoolcampuscleanup.Wehopetoimprovetheenvironmentandencourageotherstodothesame.Wealsomeettodiscusssomerealsolutionstosavetheearth.EarthClubmeets2-4timesamonth.ComeandJoinus!根据材料内容选择最佳答案,并将其标号填入题前括号内。1.WhatisDearMrsWeb?A.It’sateacherwhohelpspeoplewithproblems.B.It’sawebsitethatgivesfreeadvice.C.It’saTVprogramthatanswerspeople’squestions.D.It’samagazinethathelpspeoplewhentheyhavetoomuchstress.2.Ifyouwanttovolunteeryourtimetohelpotherpeople,youcan______.A.emailDearMrsWeb. B.call0241-85902C.joinSavetheEarthClub D.visitGreenHighSchool3.IfyouwanttobeaHelpLinevolunteer,________.A.youmustbewarm-heartedandpatientB.youmustworktenhoursaday.C.youmustbeabletotellfunnystories.D.youmustprovideinformationservicetoolepeople.\4.Whatdoesn’ttheSavetheEarthClubdo?A.Encouragecycling.B.Encourageschoolcampuscleanup.C.DiscusssolutionstosavetheEarth.D.Improvingtheenvironment.5.Wherecanyoufindthepassages?A.Inasciencebook. B.Inastorybook.C.Inamovietheater. D.Inanewspaper.D16、Differentcountrieshavedifferentcustoms.Whenyouareindifferentcountries,youshouldfollowtheircustoms.InChina,it'simpolitetotalkwheneatingdinner.Andyou'renotsupposedtostarteatingfirstifthereareolderpeopleatthetable.VeryoftenpeoplewhotraveltotheUnitedStatesforgettotip.Itisusualtotipwaiters,taxidriversandporterswhohelpcarryyourbags.Waitersexpecttogeta15%tiponthecostofyourmeal.Taxidriversexpectaboutthesameamount.InEngland,makesuretostandinlineevenifthereareonlytwoofyou.It'simportanttorespectlinesthere.It'sagoodideatotalkabouttheweather.It'safavoritesubjectofconversationwiththeBritish.InSpain,it'sagoodideatohavealightmealintheafternoonifsomeoneinvitesyoufordinner.Peoplehavedinnerverylate,andrestaurantsdonotgenerallyopenuntilafter9:00pm.InSaudiArabia,menkissoneanotheronthecheek.Yourhostmaywelcomeyouwithakissonbothcheeks.Itispoliteforyoutodothesame.InJapan,peopleusuallygivepersonalorbusinesscardstoeachotherwhentheymeetforthefirsttime.Whenapersongivesyouacard,don'tputitintoyourpocketassoonasyougetit.Thepersonexpectsyoutoreadit.Don'tforgettobecarefulofyourbodylanguagetoexpresssomethinginconversations.Akindofbodylanguagethatisacceptableinoneculturemaybeimpoliteinanother.1.HowmanycountriesarementionedbesidestheUKinthispassage?A.Four. B.Five. C.Six.2.IfyoutraveltotheUS,youspend$200onataxirideand$320onameal,youaresupposedtotipintotal.A.$60 B.$78 C.$1563.ThefavoritesubjectofconversationwiththeBritishisto.A.standinlineB.talkabouttheweatherC.kissthemonthecheek4.WhichofthefollowingisTrue?A.It’simpolitetoeatfirstifthereareolderpeopleatthetableinChina.B.Generally,restaurantsdon’tofferdinnerafter9:00pminSpain.C.InJapan,peoplehardlyexchangetheirpersonalcardswhenmeeting5.Themainideaofthepassageisabout.A.bodylanguageB.differentcountries,thesamecultureC.followingdifferentcustomswhenindifferentcountriesE17、“Thedeliverydriver(送货员)hasyourfoodandisonhisway.”Thisisamessageyoumightreceiveafterplacingatakeoutorder.Butinthenearfuture,aself-drivingcarmaybringfoodtoyourdoorinsteadofahumandriver.BaiduandMeituanarenowworkingtogethertouseself-drivingtechnologytodeliverfood.TheywillbeexperimentingwiththisintheXiong’anNewArea,BeijingEveningNewsreported.Theself-drivingcarswillmainlybeusedtosendgrouporders,andthesingleordersareusuallyhandledbydeliverydrivers.Forexample,ifacompanyordersfoodforitsstaff(员工),aself-drivingcarwillbringallthefoodtothecompany.SinaTechnotedthatusingself-drivingcarswillbearevolution(革命)inthefooddeliveryindustry,asitwillcutdownthecostoflabor(劳动力).OnlinefooddeliveryserviceshavedevelopedrapidlyinChina.Almost300millionusershaveusedonlineservicestoorderfood.In2016,MeituanWaimaiwastheNO1amongallfooddeliverycompanies.Self-drivingdeliveryserviceswillhelpthedevelopmentoftheindustry.Butthatdoesn’tmeanthatdeliverydriverswilllosetheirjobs.Therearestillsomeproblemstoworkout.Forexample,self-drivingcarscandrivesmoothlyoncement(水泥)roads,buthaveproblemsdrivingondirtroads.Thereareothersafety-relatedproblemsthatmustalsobesolvedbeforeself-drivingcarscanbeused.1.______areworkingtogetheronself-drivingdeliveryservices.A.BaiduandXiong’an B.BaiduandMeituanC.MeituanandBeijingEveningNews D.MeituanandSinaTech2.Whyisself-drivingdeliveryconsideredarevolution?A.Becauseitusescarsinsteadofpeople. B.Becauseitcanbetterdealwithlargeorders.C.Becauseitcostslessthanusingdeliverydrivers. D.Becauseitcanattractmorecustomers.3.WhichofthefollowingisTRUEaboutself-drivingdeliveryservices?A.TheywillbetestedintheXionganNewArea. B.Theywillmainlybeusedforsingleorders.C.Theywillcostcustomerslessmoney. D.Theyaresaferthanhumandeliverydrivers.4.Whatisthemainideaofthepassage?A.Noonewilldeliveryourtakeoutfoodinthefuture.B.Therearestillproblemswithself-drivingcars.C.FooddeliveryservicesaredevelopingrapidlyinChina.D.Self-drivingcarswillbeusedtodeliverfood.F18、InalmosteverybiguniversityintheUSA,footballisafavoritesport.Americanfootballisnotlikesoccer.Playerssometimeskicktheball,buttheyalsothrowtheballandrunwithit.Theytrytotakeittotheotherendofthefield.Theyhavefourchancestomovetheballtenyards.Theycancarryitorthrowit,Iftheymoveittotheendofthefiled,theyreceivesixpoints.Thisiscalledatouchdown.Itishardtomovetheball.Elevenmenintheteamtrytostopthemanwhohastheball.Ifthemandoesnotmovetheballtenyards,histeamkickstheballtotheotherteam.Eachuniversitywantsitsteamtowin.Thousandsofpeoplecometowatch.Theyallyellfortheirfavoriteteam.Youngmenandwomencalledcheerleaderscomeonthefieldtohelpthepeopleyellmore.Theydanceandjumpwhiletheyyell.Eachteamplaystenorelevengameseachseason.TheseasonbeginsinSeptemberandendsinNovember.Ifateamisverygood,itmayplayanothergameaftertheseasonends.ThebestteamsplayagainonJanuary1,thefirstdayoftheNewYear.ManypeoplegotoseethesegamesandmanyotherswatchthemonTV.1.InAmerica,footballplayerscan_______.A.onlykicktheballB.onlythrowtheballC.kick,throwandcarrytheballD.doanythingtheylike2.Ifateamwantstogetpoints,ithastomovetheball_____.A.10yardsB.totheotherendC.awayfromitsownendD.totheotherteam3.Mostteamsbegintoplaygamesin_______.A.SeptemberB.OctoberC.NovemberD.eachseasonⅤ.书面表达19、假如你是李华,你们学校要组织学生去彩虹福利院志愿服务,你打算邀请你们班交换生Peter参加,请用英语写一封电子邮件,告诉他时间和地点以及需要做什么准备。提示词语:RainbowOrphanage(彩虹福利院),takeacamera,tellstories,gifts…提示问题:●Whenandwherewillyoudothevolunteerwork?●WhatdoyouadvisePetertoprepareforit?DearPeter,Howisitgoing?There’llbevolunteerwork.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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