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2024届福建省莆田市秀屿区湖东中学八年级英语第二学期期末联考模拟试题满分120分,时间90分钟一、单项选择(共10小题,满分10分)1、Ididn’tansweryourcallbecauseI________footballwithmyfriends.A.play B.played C.amplaying D.wasplaying2、Justgodowntheroad,andyou_________thelibrarynexttothebank.A.see B.saw C.haveseen D.willsee3、—Jane,wouldyouliketohelpyourbrother________thetoysonthefloor?—OK,mom.Iwill.A.eatup B.cutup C.pickup4、feel系动词,感觉;B.look系动词,看起来;C.sound系动词,听起来。feelsick感到不舒服。故选A。5、B【解析】【详解】句意:——先生,您可以点菜吗?——土豆沙拉和牛肉。考查情景交际。MayIhavethebill可以给我帐单吗;MayItakeyourorder可以点菜吗;What’sthematter怎么了。根据“Potatosaladandbeef.”可知,此处回答的为食物,所以应该是询问可以点菜吗,故选B。6、Thematchwasoverinourschoolyesterday.Couldyoutellme_________?A.whowonthematchatlast B.whatwasoveryesterdayC.wherethematchwasheld D.whenthematchwasover7、Thebigbox________someoldbooksinmyhouse.A.usedtokeep B.isusedtokeeping C.isusedtokeep8、—Hi!Alice!WhereisHelen?—She________tothesupermarket.She’llbebackinanhour.A.went B.hasgone C.hasbeen9、Ididn’twanttotroubleDanielyesterday,butitwaspouringwithrainsoIhadto________hisoffertodrivemehome.A.receive B.reduce C.accept D.allow10、—Theboxis________heavythattheoldmancan’tcarryit.—Weshouldgivehimahand.A.such B.very C.so二、短文填空(10分)11、用所给动词的适当形式填空。MysonlivedinNewYork.LastwintermyhusbandandI____1____(visit)himthere.Oneday,whilewewerewalkingdownthestreet,mysonwenttoastoretoseeiftherewasacoathewanted.Itwasverycold.Iwentovertoasupermarkettobuysomechocolate,butmyhusbandwaitedoutsidealone.WhenIcameout,myhusband____2____(talk)toahomelessman.Isawmyhusband____3____(take)offhisglovesandhatandpassthemtoFrank,thehomelessman.FranksaidhehadbeenlivinginNewYorkbeforeaheavyrainstormhitthecityintheautumnoftheyear.Helosthishomeintherainstorm,sohehadnoplacetosleep.Hewasbegging(乞讨)andtryingtoget¥25tofindacheaphotelwherehecouldsleepforsomehours.Allheownedtokeepwarmwasajacket.Myhusband’sglovesandhat____4____(be)surprisinggiftsforhim.Afterawhile,mysoncameoutofthestore,andanewcoatwasinhishand.Iaskedhimwhathewasgoingtodowiththeoldone.Hesaidhewouldcertainlykeepit.Itoldhimthestoryandsuggested____5____(leave)ittoFrank.Toourgreatsurprise,mysonwalkeduptoFrankandgavethenewcoattohim.Frankasked,“Didyoubuythisforme?”Mysonsaidno,buthewantedFrank____6____(have)it.Frankstoodthereholdingthecoat,withsomethingwetinhiseyes.Hethankeduswithhiswholeheart.Hesaid,“I____7____(try)tofindajobassoonaspossibletosupport(供养)myself.”Mysoncouldn’tgetthepictureofFrankoutofhismind.Hewenthome,tookoutallhisclothesthatdidn’tfithim,andpostedthemtoashelter(避难所).He____8____(do)thisafewtimessincethen.三、语法填空(10分)12、阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从各题所给的A、B、C和D项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。Onabrightsunnymorning,agroupofboysnearbydecidedtoplayafootballmatch.Eachofthembroughtsomeitemsforplaying.Oneboybroughtafootball,____1____boy,thecomerflag.Similarly,alltheotherfootballkits(装备)____2____,suchasgoalkeepergloves,markingchalk,goalposts,etc.Aftersometime,____3____gottogetheronthegroundandstartedpickingtheteams.Soontherewas____4____argumentaboutwhowouldbetheteamleader.Thentheydecidedthatthepersonwhohadbroughtthemostvaluablethingshouldbetheleader.Astimepassedby,they____5____decideone.Thentheydecidedtostartplayingthegame____6____allthekits.Butonebyonetheywillgetridandseeatlastwhichis____7____tothegame.Thefirstthingtheythrewawaywasthewhistlebecausetheythoughtthereferee(裁判)couldshoutinsteadof____8____thewhistle.Thenthegoalkeeperremoved____9____glovesandstartedplayingwithbarehands.Theyputacoupleofbinsoneachsideinsteadofthegoalposts,____10____finally,theyreplacedfootballwithanoldtin.____11____,theyrealizedthatbecauseoftheirself-importanceandindividual(个人的)pride,theywerenotenjoyingthegame.Also,they____12____aproperfootballmatchatthemomenteventhoughtheyhadallthenecessarykits.Intheend,theboysdecidedtoputtheir______13______asideandstartplayingwithproperfootballkits.Inlife,everyonehasapersonalgoal____14____.However,whenweworkasateam,theteam’sgoalismoreimportantthantheindividual____15____.Weshouldworktowardstheteam’sgoal.1.A.other B.another C.theother D.others2.A.prepared B.werepreparing C.hadprepared D.wereprepared3.A.everyone B.anyone C.someone D.nobody4.A./ B.a C.an D.the5.A.shouldn’t B.couldn’t C.mustn’t D.needn’t6.A.with B.for C.without D.around7.A.important B.asimportantas C.moreimportant D.themostimportant8.A.use B.touse C.using D.used9.A.their B.his C.them D.him10.A.and B.but C.or D.so11.A.Slow B.Slower C.Slowest D.Slowly12.A.donotplay B.werenotplayed C.werenotplaying D.havenotplayed13.A.think B.thinks C.thought D.thoughts14.A.achieving B.toachieve C.achieved D.wasachieving15.A./ B.one’s C.one D.ones四、完形填空(10分)13、MydaughterMaryisseven.Shehashadallkindsofsofttoyssinceshewasa(n)___1___.Sheplayswiththetoysalmosteveryday.Maryhadabadhabit.Sheoftenlefthertoys___2___.Thisgavememuchtroubleinpickingthemupandputtingthemintheir___3___places.Oneday,MaryandIwentoutintoourgardento___4___anhourinthefreshair.Itookmyworkwithme.MaryranaboutandplayedwithDash,herpetdog,andwashaving___5___.Theninthecornerofthegarden,Marysawherfavoritetoybear,dirtyand___6___.SheknewthatDashdidthis.Shegotangryandshowedthetoybeartome.Iasked,“Youleftthetoybearoutsideinthegardenlasttime,right?Maryhadtoanswer,“Yes,Mom.”“Thenyoushouldn’tblame(责备)thedog.Ihopethiswillteachyoua___7___.Thatis,always___8___yourtoyswhenyouhavefinishedplayingwiththem.”“I’lltry___9___best,”saidMary.“OK,thenI’llrepairthetoybearas____10____asIcan.”Hearingthis,Marysmiledwidely.1.A.baby B.teenager C.adult D.keeper2.A.anywhere B.everywhere C.somewhere D.nowhere3.A.wide B.high C.right D.small4.A.spend B.make C.cost D.lead5.A.test B.risk C.dinner D.fun6.A.magic B.broken C.bright D.sick7.A.truth B.record C.lesson D.mark8.A.partwith B.checkout C.fixup D.putaway9.A.his B.my C.her D.your10.A.well B.loudly C.much D.simply五、阅读理解(30分)14、We’veMoved!Pleasecometothepartyinournewhouse.8:00pmonNovember5BettyandJackAdd:31StationStreetTel:342-1525Email:betty12@email.netMustSell$275Bestwashingmachine,only6monthsoldOwnergoingabroadCallMikeGreenAdd:10ParkStreetTel:342-2691Email:mikegreen@hotmail.comSmith’sBookClubNewandoldbooksOver1,000kindsGoodcoffeeandteaOpeneverydayfrom10:00to22:00Add:15NorthStreetTel:342-7391or342-7350Email:smith15@yahoo.com根据材料内容选择最佳答案。1.IfyouwanttogotoBettyandJack’sparty,youcancall________.A.342-1525 B.342-7391 C.342-2691 D.342-73502.MikeGreenhastosellhiswashingmachinebecause________.A.hewantstobuyanewone B.hewantstobuyanewhouseC.hewillgoabroad D.there’ssomethingwrongwithit3.Smith’sBookClubisopenfor________aday.A.8hours B.12hours C.10hours D.20hours4.Youcanusethee-mailmikegreen@hotmail.comifyouwantto________.A.readsomebooks B.gotoafamilypartyC.drinksomegoodcoffee D.buyawashingmachine5.WhichofthefollowingisNOTTRUE?A.BettyandJackaregoingtohaveaparty.B.Thewashingmachineisnotanewone.C.WecanhavecoffeeandteaforfreeinSmith’sBookClub.D.PeoplecancallMikeGreenoremailhim.15、LUSOCOMMUNITYSERVICESINVITESYOURFAMILYTOJOINOURFAMILYMATHPROGRAM!WhatisFamilyMath?·Afreemathprogramforstudentsingrades2—5andtheirfamilies.·Playfungamesandreadinterestingstoriestopracticemathconceptsintheclassroomcurriculum.·Participateinanengaginglearningexperienceforthewholefamilytopromotepositiveattitudestowardsmathandsuccessinschool.·Afullmealisincludedateverysession(一节课).ProgramDetails:·Thursdayeveningsfrom5:30pm—7:30pm,April13toMay4.·BeacockLibrary·Familiesmustbeabletoattendall4sessions.Moreinformation:PleasecontactEmilyFowleratemily@lusocentreorgorcall1.Howlongdoesthesessionlast?A.About4weeks. B.About2months. C.About2hours. D.About21days.2.WhichstatementisTRUE?A.Onlystudentscantakepartintheprogram.B.FunwaysareusedtointereststudentsinMath.C.Theprogramcharges(收费)nothingforthesessionsbutalittleformeals.D.EmilyworksforBeacockLibrary.3.Wherecantheposterbeseen?A.Onacommunitynoticeboard. B.Onaschoolnoticeboard.C.Onalibrary’swall. D.Inanewspaper.16、TherewasafamouspainterintheSongDynasty.HisnamewasWenTong.Hewasgoodatdrawingbamboos.Alotofpeoplecalledathishouseeveryday.Theyallwantedoneofhisbamboodrawings.WenTonglovedbamboossomuchthathegrewbambooseverywherearoundhishouse.Inthespring,summer,autumnandwinter,healwayswenttothebambooforesttoseehowtheygrew.Thebambooslookeddifferentonsunnydaysandrainydays.WenTongsawdifferentshapesofbamboopoles(竿).Healsosawdifferentshapesandcolorsoftheleaves.Astimepassed,Wenrememberedtheimagesofthebamboosdeeplyinhismind.Wheneverhestoodbeforethepaperandpickedupapaintingbrush,therichforms(样子)ofthebambooswouldappearinhismindatonce.Soeverytimehewasdrawingbamboos,hebecameveryconfident,andallthebambooshepaintedwerebeautifulandtruetolife.youngmanwantedtolearnfromWenTong.“Whycanyoupaintbamboossowell?”heasked.WenTongansweredwithasmile,“Ijustpaintthebamboosinmymind.”根据材料内容,选择最佳答案。1.WenTongwasa________.A.scientist B.teacher C.painter D.doctor2.ManypeoplecametoWenTong’shouseto________.A.lookathisbamboos B.gethisbamboodrawingsC.learnhowtodrawbamboos D.offersomeadviceonhisdrawings3.WhichisTRUEaccordingtothepassage?A.Wengrewbamboosinhishouse.B.Bamboosgrewbetteronrainydays.C.Wenoftenwatchedthebamboos.D.Wencouldn’tremembertheleavesofthebamboos.4.Whiledrawingbamboos,Wenfelt________mostprobably.A.relaxed B.lonely C.nervous D.surprised5.Whatcanwelearnfromtheunderlined(画线的)part?A.Wendidn’tlikepaintingonpaper.B.Wenwastryingtotellajoke.C.Wenrefusedtosharehisrealskills.D.Wenhadallformsofbamboosinmind.六、完成句子(10分)17、Shetriedtoc________upthesadboywhenhefailedthemathtest.18、thatbike,had,overthere,you,howlong,have___________________________________________________________?19、MrSmithlivesin________/'sentrəl/Weihainow.20、Doingchorescan________(发展)children’sindependence.21、long,how,she,has,athome,stayed_________________________________________?七、补全对话(10分)22、根据下面对话情景,在每个空白处填上一个适当的句子,使对话意思连贯、完整。A:Hi,Rose.Icalledyouattenthismorning,butyoudidn’tanswerthephone.____1____?B:Iwaswatchingafashionshowinthecityhall.A:Whodidyougotherewith?B:____2____.A:Didyouenjoythatfashionshow?B:Yes.____3____.A:Howlongdiditlast?B:Abouthalfanhour.____4____?bytheway.A:MikeandIaregoingtobuysomeclothestomorrow.Wouldyouliketojoinus?B:I’dloveto.____5____?A:Let’smeetat9:00atMike’shome.Hecandriveustotheshoppingmall.B:OK.Seeyoutomorrow.八、阅读表达(10分)23、请阅读下面短文,根据所提供的信息,回答5个问题。要求所写答案,语法正确、语义完整切题,并把答案写在答题卡对应题目的答题位置上。HaveyoueverjoinedasummercampinAmericaduringyourholiday?Didyouenjoyit?Thebestsummercampsarenotjustaboutstudy.Theyalsohavelotsoffun!Herearesomeexcitingexamples.Circus(马戏团)CampEverykidlovescircusshows.Here,youcanlearnmanyskillslikewire(绳索)walking.Youdon’tneedtoworryaboutsafetybecausetherearesafetynets.Attheendofthecamp,everyonegetstoshowtheirskillsinabigcircusshow.SailingCampIfyou’reinterestedinsailing,tryasailingcamp.Imaginesittingonaquietlake,andwiththewind,yousailtheboatbyyourself.Sailingaboatishardwork.Youmustlearnmanynewskillslikehowtotieknots(打结).Also,youmustputonsunscreenandyoushouldbeagoodswimmer!TheNASASpaceCampDreamofbecominganastronaut?JointheNASAspacecamp!You’llvisittheUSSpaceandRocketCenter,talktoastronauts,andknowmoreaboutspaceships.Thesecampsofferwonderfulexperiencesandchancesforlearningandfun.What’smore,youwillimproveyourlanguageskills.Sowhatareyouwaitingfor?Comeandjoinus!1.Howmanycampsdoesthepassagetalkabout?_____________________________________________________________________________________________2.Whydon’tyouneedtoworryaboutsafetyinCircusCamp?._____________________________________________________________________________________________3.Issailingaboathardwork?_____________________________________________________________________________________________4.Whichsummercampcanyoujoinifyoudreamofbecominganastronaut?_____________________________________________________________________________________________5.Whatdothesecampsoffer?_____________________________________________________________________________________________九、书面表达(20分)大熊猫丫丫的“回家之旅”屡上热搜,又一次提高了人们对大熊猫保护工作的关注。假如你和你的同桌正在参加学校举办的以Givingpandasagoodlife为主题的英文手抄报评选。你的同桌负责手抄报的绘制,而你负责文本的撰写。请根据如下提示,完成一篇英语短文。注意:GivingpandasagoodlifeWhatanimalhas6fingersandwearsablackandwhitecoat?Yes,it’sthepanda!______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

参考答案一、单项选择(共10小题,满分10分)1、D【解析】【详解】句意:我没有接你的电话,因为我在和朋友们踢足球。考查动词时态。根据“Ididn’tansweryourcall”可知,表示过去某个时刻正在做的事情,用过去进行时,其结构为“was/were+动词现在分词”,主语为I,be动词用was,故选D。2、D【解析】【分析】【详解】句意:只沿着这条路走,你将会看见图书馆在银行旁边。考查动词时态辨析。根据“andyou…thelibrarynexttothebank”可知,你就将会看见图书馆,为将来的动作,故此处应该用一般将来时。故选D。3、C【解析】【详解】句意:——简,你愿意帮你弟弟捡起地板上的玩具吗?——好的,妈妈。我会的。考查动词短语辨析。eatup吃光;cutup切碎;pickup捡起。根据“thetoysonthefloor”可知,应该是捡起地板上的玩具,应填pickup。故选C。4、Seeingabirdrestingbythewindow,theboymoved________tohavealookatit.A.politely B.quietly C.safely5、—Lily,couldyoutellme________?—Certainly.Itwillstartattentomorrowmorning.A.wherethefashionshowwillbeheldB.whowillbeonthefashionshowC.whenthefashionshowwillstart6、A【解析】【详解】句意:昨天我们学校的比赛结束了。你能告诉我最后谁赢了比赛吗?考查宾语从句。whowonthematchatlast谁最后赢得了比赛;whatwasoveryesterday昨天什么结束了;wherethematchwasheld比赛在哪里举行;whenthematchwasover比赛什么时候结束的。根据“Thematchwasoverinourschoolyesterday”可知已知时间地点和对象,选项B、C、D均不符合题意,因为和前句表达的意思重复。故选A。7、C【解析】【详解】句意:这个大盒子被用作保存一些我房子里的旧书。考查usedtodo,beusedtodoing和beusedtodo的辨析。usedtodosth.过去常常做某事;beusedtodoingsth.习惯于做某事;beusedtodosth.被用作做某事。根据“box”和use可知二者为逻辑上的动宾关系,应用被动语态,即“被用作保存旧书”,故选C。8、B【解析】【详解】句意:——你好爱丽丝!海伦在哪里?——她去了超市。她一小时后回来。考查现在完成时。went去,动词go的过去式;hasgoneto表示“去了某地”,可能在那个地方或途中;hasbeento表示“曾经去过某地”,现在不在那个地方。根据“She’llbebackinanhour.”可知,Helen一小时后会回来,可推测此处是她去了超市,并且现在有可能还在那里,故时态为现在完成时,hasgoneto表示“去某地了”符合语境。故选B。9、C【解析】【详解】句意:昨天我不想麻烦丹尼尔,但是下着倾盆大雨,所以我不得不接受他的提议,开车送我回家。考查动词辨析。receive接收到;reduce减少;accept接受;allow允许。根据“hisoffer”和选项可知,此处指接受提议。故选C。10、C【解析】【详解】句意:——这个盒子如此重以致于这个老年人搬不动。——我们应该帮助他。考查副词辨析。such如此,用法为such+a/an+adj.+n.+that从句;very很,非常,后接形容词或副词,不接从句;so如此,so+adj./adv.+that从句,表示“如此……以致于”。根据“...heavythattheoldmancan’tcarryit.”可知空格后形容词,且后接了that从句。空处应填so,故选C。二、短文填空(10分)11、1.visited2.wastalking3.take4.were5.leaving6.tohave7.willtry8.hasdone【解析】【导语】本文讲述了作者和丈夫去纽约看望儿子,一天在街上遇到了一个无家可归的人弗兰克,作者的丈夫把手套和帽子给了弗兰克,作者的儿子把新买的外套也给了弗兰克,弗兰克感谢作者一家人为他所做的事情。【1题详解】句意:去年冬天,我和我丈夫去那里看望了他。根据时间状语“Lastwinter”可知,此处是一般过去时,故动词用其过去式。故填visited。【2题详解】句意:当我出来的时候,我丈夫正在和一个流浪汉说话。根据“WhenIcameout,”可知,when引导的时间状语从句为一般过去时,主句应该用过去进行时was/weredoing。主语myhusband是第三人称单数,be动词用was。故填wastalking。【3题详解】句意:我看见我丈夫脱下手套和帽子,递给流浪汉弗兰克。seesbdosth.“看见某人做了某事”。故填take。【4题详解】句意:我丈夫的手套和帽子是给他的惊喜礼物。全文采用了一般过去时态,主语是Myhusband’sglovesandhat,be动词用were。故填were。【5题详解】句意:我把这件事告诉了他,并建议让弗兰克去做。suggestdoingsth.“建议做某事”。故填leaving。【6题详解】句意:我儿子说不是,但他想把它送给弗兰克。wantsbtodosth.“想要某人做某事”。故填tohave。【7题详解】句意:我会尽量尽快找份工作来养活自己。根据“I…(try)tofindajobassoonaspossibletosupport(供养)myself.”可知,此处是一般将来时。故填willtry。【8题详解】句意:从那时起,他已经这样做了几次。根据“sincethen”可知,此处是现在完成时have/hasdone。主语是He,助动词用has。故填hasdone。三、语法填空(10分)12、1.B2.D3.A4.C5.B6.A7.D8.C9.B10.A11.D12.C13.D14.B15.C【解析】【导语】本文主要讲述了一群男孩决定打一场足球比赛的故事告诉我们在生活中,每个人都有个人目标,但当我们作为一个团队工作时,团队的目标比个人更重要,我们应该朝着团队的目标努力。【1题详解】句意:一个男孩带来了一个足球,另一个男孩带了角旗。other其他的,后加名词复数;another三者或三者以上的另一个,后加名词单数;theother两者中的另一个,后加名词单数;others其他人或物。根据“agroupofboys”可知是一群男孩中的一个男孩,用another修饰。故选B。【2题详解】句意:同样,所有其他足球装备都准备好了。prepared准备,动词过去式;werepreparing过去进行时;hadprepared过去完成时;wereprepared一般过去时的被动语态。主语footballkits和谓语之间是被动关系,用被动语态。故选D。【3题详解】句意:过了一段时间,大家聚在一起开始挑选队伍。everyone每个人;anyone任何人;someone某人;nobody没有人。根据“gottogetherontheground”可知是每个人都聚在一起。故选A。【4题详解】句意:很快就发生了一场关于谁将担任队长的争论。/零冠词;a不定冠词,修饰以辅音音素开头的单词;an不定冠词,修饰以元音音素开头的单词;the定冠词。此处泛指“一场争论”,argument以元音音素开头,用不定冠词an。故选C。【5题详解】句意:随着时间的推移,他们无法做出决定。shouldn’t不应该;couldn’t不能;mustn’t禁止;needn’t不必。根据“decideone”可知他们不能做出决定。故选B。【6题详解】句意:然后他们决定带着所有的装备开始比赛。with用;for为了;without没有;around在周围。根据“allthekits”可知是用所有的设备,用介词with。故选A。【7题详解】句意:但他们会一个接一个地去除,最终看看哪一个对比赛最重要。important重要的,原级;asimportantas和……一样重要;moreimportant更重要的,比较级;themostimportant最重要的,最高级。根据“Butonebyonetheywillgetridandseeatlastwhichis”可知是看他们带的东西哪个是最重要的,用最高级。故选D。【8题详解】句意:他们扔掉的第一个东西是哨子,因为他们认为裁判可以大喊大叫,而不是使用哨子。use使用,动词原形;touse动词不定式;using动名词;used动词过去式。介词of后加动名词。故选C。【9题详解】句意:然后守门员摘下手套,开始徒手接球。their他们的;his他的;them他们;him他。根据“thegoalkeeperremoved”可知是摘下他的手套,修饰名词用形容词性物主代词his。故选B。【10题详解】句意:他们在每一边都放了几个垃圾箱,而不是门柱,最后,他们用一个旧锡罐代替了足球。and和;but但是;or或者;so所以。分析句子可知,前后两个句子是顺承关系,用and连接。故选A。【11题详解】句意:慢慢地,他们意识到,由于他们的自我重要性和个人自豪感,他们并不喜欢比赛。slow慢的,原级;slower更慢,比较级;slowest最高级;slowly慢地,副词原级。此处修饰整个句子用副词。故选D。【12题详解】句意:此外,尽管他们拥有所有必要的装备,但目前他们还没有进行一场正式的足球比赛。donotplay一般现在时;werenotplayed一般过去时的被动语态;werenotplaying过去进行时;havenotplayed现在完成时。根据“aproperfootballmatchatthemoment”可知此处句子用过去进行时。故选C。【13题详解】句意:最后,男孩们决定把他们的想法放在一边,开始带着合适的足球装备打球。think认为,动词原形;thinks动词单三;thought动词过去式或过去分词;thoughts想法,名词复数。their后加名词,每个人都有自己的想法,故此处用名词复数。故选D。【14题详解】句意:在生活中,每个人都有自己的目标要实现。achieving实现,动名词;toachieve动词不定式;achieved动词过去式;wasachieving过去进行时。根据“hasapersonalgoal...”可知是有目标要实现,用动词不定式作定语。故选B。【15题详解】句意:然而,当我们作为一个团队工作时,团队的目标比个人的目标更重要。/不填;one’s所有格;one一个,代指名词单数;ones代指名词复数。此处指前文提到的单数名词goal,用one代替。故选C。四、完形填空(10分)13、1.A2.B3.C4.A5.D6.B7.C8.D9.B10.A【解析】【导语】本文介绍了玛丽的妈妈通过一件事,让玛丽明白了物品要摆放有序。【1题详解】句意:她从小就有各种各样的软玩具。baby小孩子;teenager青年;adult成年人;keeper持有者。根据“MydaughterMaryisseven.”可知,玛丽现在是七岁,所以她不可能是成年人或青年。故选A。【2题详解】句意:她经常把玩具丢得到处都是。anywhere任何地方;everywhere所有地方;somewhere某处;nowhere无处。根据“Maryhadabadhabit.”可知,她经常把玩具丢得到处都是。故选B。【3题详解】句意:捡起他们给我带来了很多麻烦,并放在正确的位置。wide宽的;high高的;right正确的;small小的。题目中这句话是表达了玛丽的妈妈总会帮玛丽把玩具放回去,是将他们放回正确的位置。故选C。【4题详解】句意:一天,玛丽和我走进花园,在新鲜空气中度过了一个小时。spend花费;make制作;cost费用;lead领导。本题考查spend的用法,spend有“花费时间”的含义,选项B/D与题意不符,选项C的cost多用于金钱。三项均不符合。故选A。【5题详解】句意:玛丽跑来跑去,和她的宠物狗Dash玩耍,玩得很开心。test测验;risk危险;dinner晚餐;fun乐趣。本题的havefun固定短语,意为“玩得高兴”。故选D。【6题详解】句意:然后在花园的角落里,玛丽看到了她最喜欢的玩具熊,又脏又坏。magic魔力的;broken损坏的;bright明亮的;sick病的。本题中and前为dirty,因此,本题应填与dirty相关的单词。故选B。【7题详解】句意:我希望这能给你一个教训。truth实情;record记录;lesson课;mark分数。根据“Ihopethiswillteachyoua….”可知,这里是我希望这能给你一个教训,且teachyoualesson教训某人一顿,为固定短语。故选C。【8题详解】句意:也就是说,当你玩完玩具后,一定要把它们收起来。partwith与……分开;checkout检验;fixup修理;putaway收起。根据“whenyouhavefinishedplayingwiththem.”可知,这里是当你玩完玩具后,一定要把它们收起来。故选D。【9题详解】句意:我会尽力的。his他的;my我的;her她的;your你的。题中含义为玛丽说我会尽自己的全力,且tryone’sbest的含义为“尽某人最大的努力”,由于是玛丽意识到自己的错误,并许下了我会尽自己全力的承诺,所以此处和主语I保持一致,故选B。【10题详解】句意:好的,那么我会尽我所能把玩具熊修好。well好;loudly大声地;much很多;simply简单地。根据“thenI’llrepairthetoybear”可知,我会尽可能地去修理好这个玩具熊。故选A。五、阅读理解(30分)14、1.A2.C3.B4.D5.C【解析】【导语】本文是一篇应用文,具体是关于搬家聚会、出售洗衣机和读书俱乐部。【1题详解】细节理解题。根据“BettyandJack”和“Tel:342-1525”可知,如果你想去贝蒂和杰克的聚会,你可以打电话342-1525。故选A。【2题详解】细节理解题。根据“Ownergoingabroad”可知,迈克·格林得卖掉他的洗衣机是因为他要出国。故选C。【3题详解】细节理解题。根据“Smith’sBookClub”和“Openeverydayfrom10:00to22:00”可知,史密斯的读书俱乐部一天开放12小时。故选B。【4题详解】细节理解题。根据“Email:mikegreen@hotmail.com”可知,如果你想买一台洗衣机,你可以发邮件到mikegreen@hotmail.com。故选D。【5题详解】细节理解题。根据“Goodcoffeeandtea”可知,史密斯的读书俱乐部提供咖啡和茶叶,但没有提到免费,选项C表述有误。故选C。15、1.C2.B3.A【解析】【导语】本文是一个社区公告,鼓励大家来学习数学,并介绍了课程的时间安排、教授方式、上课地址等信息。【1题详解】细节理解题。根据“Thursday...5:30pm—7:30pm”可知,课程是从5:30开始,7:30结束,持续两个小时。故选C。【2题详解】细节理解题。根据“Playfungamesandreadinterestingstoriestopracticemathconcepts”可知,课程中含有游戏和有趣的故事,因此是用有趣的教学方式培养学生的兴趣。故选B。【3题详解】细节理解题。根据标题“LUSOCOMMUNITYSERVICESINVITESYOURFAMILY”可知,这是社区举办的课程,因此海报会贴在社区的公告板上。故选A。16、1.C2.B3.C4.A5.D【解析】【导语】本文主要讲述了宋代著名画家文同画竹的成长故事。【1题详解】细节理解题。根据“TherewasafamouspainterintheSongDynasty.HisnamewasWenTong.”可知,他是一位画家,故选C。【2题详解】细节理解题。根据“Alotofpeoplecalledathishouseeveryday.Theyallwantedoneofhisbamboodrawings.”可知,许多人来到文同家,要他的竹画,故选B。【3题详解】细节理解题。根据“Inthespring,summer,autumnandwinter,healwayswenttothebambooforesttoseehowtheygrew.”可知,他经常去观察竹子,故选C。【4题详解】细节理解题。根据“Soeverytimehewasdrawingbamboos,hebecameveryconfident,andallthebambooshepaintedwerebeautifulandtruetolife.”可知,每次他画竹子的时候,他都变得很自信和放松,他画的竹子都很美,很逼真,故选A。【5题详解】推理判断题。根据“Inthespring,summer,autumnandwinter,healwayswenttothebambooforesttoseehowtheygrew.Thebambooslookeddifferentonsunnydaysandrainydays.”及“Ijustpaintthebamboosinmymind”可知,文同仔细地观察竹子,所以竹子的各种形态已经深深地印在了他的脑海中,故选D。六、完成句子(10分)17、(c)heer【解析】【详解】句意:当这个悲伤的男孩数学考试不及格时,她试图让他高兴起来。根据“whenhefailedthemathtest.”可知男孩考试失败了,所以她试图让他振作起来,固定短语cheerup“振作起来”,空前有不定式符号,动词用原形,故填(c)heer。18、Howlonghaveyouhadthatbikeoverthere【解析】【详解】根据所给标点符号可知应用疑问句的形式,分析所给单词,疑问词为howlong,you为主语,时态为现在完成时,结构为have+动词过去分词,had为谓语,thatbike为宾语,overthere为地点状语位于句末。故填Howlonghaveyouhadthatbikeoverthere“你在那边买那辆自行车多久了”。19、central【解析】【详解】句意:史密斯先生现在住在威海市中心。根据音标可知,此处是单词central“中心的”。故填central。20、develop【解析】【详解】句意:做家务可以发展孩子的独立性。develop“发展”,can后接动词原形,故填develop。21、Howlonghasshestayedathome【解析】【详解】根据标点及所给词可知,本句是疑问词howlong引导的特殊疑问句,has是助动词,she作主语,stayed是谓语动词;athome是固定短语,作状语,故填Howlonghasshestayedathome“她在家里待了多久了”。七、补全对话(10分)22、1.Whatwereyoudoing2.Iwenttherewithmymother3.Itwaswonderful.4.Whatdidyoucallmefor/Whydid

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