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2024年吉林省长春市中考英语试卷基础知识(共10分)Ⅰ.单项选择(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)从每小题所给的四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。1.(1分)Mybirthday___________isatoypanda.It'sfrommygrandma.()A.trip B.month C.gift D.color2.(1分)TheQinghaiLakeis___________lakeinChina.ItisinQinghaiProvince.()A.large B.larger C.largest D.thelargest3.(1分)Lili___________beathome.Shehasgonetothefarmtopickapples.()A.mustn't B.can't C.must D.can4.(1分)—Mom,couldI___________theTV?Iwanttowatchthenewsaboutspace.—Ofcourse.Anddon'tsittooclose.()A.turnon B.turnoff C.puton D.putoff5.(1分)Look!Thestudents___________anartclassinthepark.()A.have B.werehaving C.had D.arehaving6.(1分)—___________arethesesportssocks?—10yuanfor3pairs.()A.Howmany B.Howmuch C.Howoften D.Howlong7.(1分)—There___________manyancientChinesepoemsinthisbook.Whichonedoyoulikebest?—ClimbingaTowerbyWangZhihuan.()A.are B.is C.were D.was8.(1分)Asasciencelover,IhopeIcaninventabike___________canflyinthesky.()A.where B.when C.which D.who9.(1分)___________helpfulthespeechis!IttellsustousetheInternetsafely.()A.What B.Whata C.How D.Whatan10.(1分)—TheMid﹣AutumnFestivaliscoming.Iwonder___________.—Inyouruncle'shome.()A.wherewewillcelebrateit B.whenwewillcelebrateit C.wherewillwecelebrateit D.whenwillwecelebrateit交际运用(共5分)Ⅱ.根据对话内容,运用方框中所给的句子选项补全对话。选项中有一项是多余的。(满分5分)11.(5分)(LeiLeiandHanLuaretalkingintheEnglishcorner.)HanLu:Hi,LeiLei.Youlookexcited.(1)LeiLei:Yes.WewillhaveanInternationalSummerCamp.HanLu:Really?It'scool.LeiLei:Guesswhat?Wewillworkforthecamp.HanLu:Wow,wonderful!(2)LeiLei:Wecanintroducesomethingspecialaboutourhometown.HanLu:That'seasy.ChangbaiMountainandtheSonghuaRiveraremyfavorites.LeiLei:Ihavedifferentideas.(3)HanLu:Haha!Veryfunny.Iknowyouwillsaythat.LeiLei:Don'tforgetChangchunisalsoaniceandsnowcity.HanLu:(4)WintersportsinJilinarefamousaroundtheworld.LeiLei:That'sforsure.Ihopewecantelltheforeignfriendsmoreaboutourhometown.HanLu:(5)LeiLei:Oh!It'stimeforclass.Let'sgo.HanLu:OK.A.Me,too.B.You'reright.C.Whatcanwedothen?D.Isthereanygoodnews?E.What'syourfavoritefood?F.Myfavoritesaretieguodunandguobaorou.阅读(共45分)Ⅲ.完形填空(共15小题;满分15分)阅读短文,掌握其大意,然后从每小题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。12.(15分)WhenmyfriendsuggestedthatwejointhenewTaiChi(太极拳)Club,Ithoughthewas(1).Ialwaysbelievedtaichiwasforoldpeople.However,afterthefirstclass,I(2)thatIwaswrong.Itwasamazing.Taichiledtoabig(3)bothinmybodyandmind.Istillremembermyfirstfewtaichiclasses.ThebasicskillIlearnedwaskeepingabalance(平衡).Anactionwascalled"goldenrooster(公鸡)standingononeleg".Followingtheinstructions(4)ononeleg.Itseemedthatitwasnotahardone,butIstill(5)manytimes.Soon,Ifeltboredand(6)frompracticingoverandoveragain.Istartedto(7)myself.MaybeIwasreally(8)inthiskindofexercise.Justthen,mycoachtaughtmehowtorelaxmyself.Stepbystep,Imade(9).Later,Iwasabletodomoredifficultactionsandfeelpeaceofmindaswell.Mylovefortaichibecame(10).IevenwantedtolookintotheancientChineseculturebehindtaichi.IdiscoveredtaichiisdeeplyfromChineseyinandyang.Thepracticeofithelpstokeepabalancethrough(11):leftandright,upand(12),breathinginandbreathingout...Finally,taichibringsaboutastateofbodybalanceand(13)peace.NowIcanhonestlysayithelpsmebecomemuch(14).Isleepbetteratnight,andIammoreactiveduringtheday.Moreimportantly,practicingtaichihasmademebetter(15)theChineseculture.IamsureIwillcontinuetopracticetaichiandenjoytheadvantagesithasbroughtme.(1)A.jokingB.waitingC.readingD.explaining(2)A.forgotB.dreamtC.requiredD.realized(3)A.decisionB.problemC.changeD.love(4)A.sitB.standC.lieD.jump(5)A.fearedB.wishedC.failedD.received(6)A.lazyB.tiredC.afraidD.hungry(7)A.thankB.praiseC.doubtD.control(8)A.rightB.weakC.strictD.interested(9)A.friendsB.mistakesC.noiseD.progress(10)A.strongB.quietC.strangeD.important(11)A.habitsB.chancesC.abilitiesD.opposites(12)A.onB.downC.offD.away(13)A.worldB.mindC.lifeD.thought(14)A.saferB.heavierC.prouderD.healthier(15)A.understandB.teachC.translateD.encourageⅣ.阅读理解(共25小题;满分30分)13.(5分)根据图示内容,选择最佳答案。(1)istheclosestsubwaystationtothemuseum.A.KingSquareB.NelsonStreetC.EmbankmentD.CharingCross(2)WhichofthefollowingisRIGHT?A.Thisisateaculturemuseum.B.Themuseumisopenat9a.m.C.Themuseumisfreeforthepublic.D.Youcancallthemuseumat723﹣1182.(3)Thesign①meansyoucanhere.A.haveamealB.enjoyphotosC.askforinformationD.buyapresent(4)WecanfindMuseumShop.A.inEastGardenB.nexttoDiningSpaceC.acrossfromLost&FoundD.betweenAncientArtsandModernArts(5)Thetextisprobablytakenfrom.A.avisitorguideB.ashoppinglistC.astreetmapD.atraveldiary14.(5分)①Isthesummervacationlongenoughtoturnlifeforthebetter?Everypersonhashisowntalentsandinterests.Findsomethingyoucareabout,andyouwillseethedifference.②Organizeaclean﹣upprogram.Peopleoftenthrowlitterintheplacewherethereisalreadylitter.Thisleavesthecommunityinamess.Theenvironmentwillbecomebetterifsomeonevolunteerstohelp.Youcouldpickuptherubbishwithyourfriendsonceaweekinyourneighborhood.Youcouldalsohelptakecareoftheplantseveryfewdays.Surely,acleanandtidyneighborhoodwillbeworththework.③Showyourlovetotheold.Ourcityhassomeoldpeople'shomes.Withoutchildrenaroundthem,theoldpeopletheremightfeellonelyonceinawhile.Maybetheyneedyourhelp.Infact,youcandoalotforthem.Forexample,youcanmakethemfeelloved.④Setupareadingprojectwithyourfriends.Shareyourfavoritebookswiththem.Besides,youmayreadaloudtoeachotherandtalkaboutwhatyouread.Eitherabookoranarticlecansparkalivelydiscussionandyourfurtherthinking.Theprocessoftenchallengesmorepeopletotakeaction.Theprojectisalsoagoodwaytowelcomenewcomers.Atthesametime,youmayfindnewfriendswithsimilarhobbies.⑤Atwo﹣monthsummervacationisn'tthatlong,butit'senoughtomakeadifference.根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。(1)Howoftencouldyoupickuptherubbishaccordingtothepassage?A.Onceaweek.B.Everyfewweeks.C.Onceamonth.D.Everyfewmonths.(2)Whydoyouneedtoreadtosomeoldpeopleattheoldpeople'shomes?A.Becauseyoucanthinkfurther.B.Becauseyouaregoodatreading.C.Becausetheycan'tseeclearly.D.Becausetheyareawayfromtheirhomes.(3)Whatdoestheunderlinedword"spark"inParagraph4probablymean?A.Finish.B.Start.C.Increase.D.Separate.(4)Whichistherightstructure(结构)ofthepassage?(①=Paragraph1,②=Paragraph2,…)A.B.C.D.(5)Whatisthepassagemainlyabout?A.Thepeoplewithdifferentinterests.B.Thegreatesttimetomakeadifference.C.Thereasonsforadifferentsummervacation.D.Thewaysofmakingasummervacationdifferent.15.(5分)Theworld'sbestsportsmengettogetherfortheOlympicGameseveryfouryears.The2024OlympicGameswilltakeplaceinParis,France.Forthefirsttime,peoplewillwatchbreaking(霹雳舞)Breakingisalsocalledbreakdancing.Thehigh﹣energy,skillfuldanceincludesmovessuchasTopRock,Footwork,Freezeandsoon.Thedancersneedtothinkandshowthemovesofthehandsandfeetquickly.Breakdancebattles(斗舞)areacommonwaytofindoutwhoisthebestdancer.Inthe1970sinNewYorkCity,fightingwithothersamongyoungpeoplebecamemoreandmoreserious.Someofthembegantodealwiththeproblemthroughdanceinstead.Justthen,andthenthenextwillcontinuetocompete...Thebestdancerwillbepickedoutfinally.WhydoesbreakingbecomeanOlympicevent?IfasportisaddedtotheOlympics,itmustbewidelypracticedbymeninatleast75countriesonfourcontinents(洲)andbywomeninnofewerthan40countriesonthreecontinents.Breakingmeetsthisstandard.Also"Breakinghasbeenacceptedasasport.Ireallyfeelproud,"saidXiaoyu,onebreakdancer."AndfortheOlympics根据短文内容,判断句子正(T)、误(F)。(1)Footworkisoneofthemovesofbreaking.(2)BreakingfirstshoweduponthestreetsinParisinthe1970s.(3)TobeanOlympicevent,asportmustbepracticedbywomenin75countries.(4)Xiaoyureallyfeelsproudthatbreakinghasbeenacceptedasasport.(5)ThewritermainlyintroducesthehistoryoftheOlympicsinthepassage.16.(5分)Canyouimaginewhatthehumanbodyinthefuturewillbelike?Ourclasshadadiscussionaboutit.Tiantian,anAI(artificialintelligence人工智能)robot(1)Humansarenowtencentimeters(厘米)tallerthan150yearsago.So,inthefutureYoumustsaythatpeoplewillbestrongeraccordingtothefirstguess.(2)Withthedevelopmentofscienceandtechnology,wewon'thavemuchphysicalworktodo.Ifpeoplegetusedtothiskindoflifestyle,wewillprobablylosemostofourmuscles(肌肉).Next,let'scometoourhandsandfeet.Wearealreadyusingourfeetless,andourhandsmore.(3)Atthesametime,ourfingersandoureyeswillbothgetbetterbecausethey'llhavetodomoreworktogether.Herecomesthemostinterestingone﹣it'sverypossiblethatpeoplewillhavefourtoes(脚趾),notfive.Thelittletoereallyisn'tneededanymore.(4)Let'swaitandsee.Lastbutnotleast﹣peoplewon'thaveasmuchhairontheirbodiesasnow,sincewedon'tneedittokeepourselveswarm.Whatdoyouthinkofourguesses?(5)WiththeriseofAI,willwelosetheabilityofthinkingindependently?阅读短文,把A~E五个句子填入文中空缺处,使短文内容完整。A.Butyou'rewrong.B.Willallthesethingshappen?C.Let'sstartwithpeople'sheight.D.Willitstillbethereinthefuture?E.Sowecanexpectourlegswillgetshorterandourfeetsmaller.17.(10分)HaveyoueverreadLittleWomenbyUSwriterLouisaMayAlcott?Theclassichasbeenchangedintoplays,filmsandtelevisionprogramsmanytimesbecauseofitspopularitysinceitcameoutin1868.Ittellsastoryofamotherraisingherfourdaughters,whiletheirdadisawayfightingawar.Meg,wantstoliveabetterlifeverymuch.Jo,thesecond﹣born,Amy,dreamsofbeinganartist.AfterreadingLittleWomenInthefollowingscene,thegirlstalkaboutwhattheycanbuywiththeverylittlemoneytheyhave.Theyfeelhopefulaboutthefutureeventhoughtheirdreamsmaynotcometrue."Ican'texpectanythingfrommotheroryou.IknowIonlyhaveonedollarwithme.Althoughitisn'tthatmuch,itworks.IcanatleastbuythebookUndineandSintranformyself.I'vewanteditsolong,"saidJo."Iplannedtospendmineonnewmusic,"saidBeth."Ishallgetaniceboxofdrawingpencils.Ireallyneedthem,"saidAmy."Motherdidn'tsayanythingaboutourmoney,butshedoeswishustogetsomething.Let'seachbuywhatweneed.I'msureweworkhardenoughtomakeit,"criedJo.根据短文内容,回答下列问题。(1)WhendidLittleWomencomeout?(2)Whoisthethird﹣borngirlinthefamily?(3)Howdothegirlsfeeleventhoughtheirdreamsmaynotcometrue?(4)WhydoesAmywanttobuydrawingpencils?(5)WhatdoesJoadvisehersisterstodoatlast?语言运用(共10分)V.短文填空(满分10分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。18.(10分)WestwoodNationalParkisaveryhugenationalpark.Itiswellknown(1)itsfascinatingscenesandmanykindsofanimals,especiallybears.Itisoneofmyfavorite(2)(place)totakephotos.Iwillneverforgetthatafternoon.Birdsflewoverthe(3)(peace)lake.Themountains(4)(cover)withwhitesnow.Withthecameraheldtomyeye,Iwasrecordingtheamazingpicture.Allofasudden(5)(happy).Sometimestheystoppedtolookaround;sometimesonerubbed(蹭)againsttheother'sback.Theyhadalotoffunplayingin(6)sun.Atthatmoment,Icompletelylostmyselfinthesweetenvironment.HowIwishedthattimecouldstandstill!Ireallyhoped(7)(catch)thewarmscenewithmycameraandIdidit.Afterawhile,I(8)(hear)aloudroar(吼叫)fromthemotherbear.Thetwobabybearsstoodupquickly(9)ranbacktotheforest.IwassoluckythatIcouldtakesuchapicture.Thephotoalwaysreminds(10)(I)thattherealbeautyis"nature"innature.书面表达(共20分)19.(5分)新西兰某中学现招募志愿者,为其参加"汉语桥"(ChineseBridge)中文演讲比赛的选手进行线上辅导。假如你是李华,用英语写一封不少于40词的自荐信。要点:(1)表达意愿;(2)说明优势。要求:要点齐全:表述通顺:简洁得体。DearSirorMadam,___________Yours,LiHua20.(15分)每个人都有自己的闪光点,请以"MyShiningPoint"为题,写一篇不少于80词的英语短文。要求:(1)讲述一个自己的故事;(2)你的感悟;(3)适当增加细节,行文连贯;(4)文中不得出现考生的真实姓名和校名。

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